15/12/2017 World News Today


15/12/2017

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LineFromTo

This is BBC World News Today.

0:00:050:00:06

I'm Ben Bland.

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Our top stories...

0:00:080:00:10

Brexit negotiations are moving on.

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EU leaders give the green light

for talks to proceed to phase two

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but warn the next stage

will be even tougher.

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We are able to conclude that

sufficient progress has been made.

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Now it's up to us to draft

the withdrawal agreement together

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with our British friends.

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The United States and North Korea

trade barbs at a sitting of the UN

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Security Council in New York,

as Secretary of State

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Rex Tillerson suggests

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Washington could be open

to dialogue with Pyongyang.

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Austria is poised to become

the only western country

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in Europe with a far-right

party in government.

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It's understood Sebastian Kurz's

conservative, anti-immigration

0:00:550:00:56

Freedom Party is on the brink

of reaching a coalition deal.

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And...

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Save the date - Prince Harry

and his bride-to-be Meghan Markle

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will wed at Windsor Castle

on the 19th of May.

0:01:070:01:09

Hello and welcome

to World News Today.

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We start with Brexit and it's been

a big day for the future

0:01:220:01:26

of the United Kingdom,

as it continues the process

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of removing itself

from the European Union.

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The 27 other EU leaders have

officially given the green

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light for a change in gear,

from purely divorce

0:01:320:01:34

talks to negotiating

the relationship to come.

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The UK hopes that will include

a generous trade deal in due course.

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The British Prime

Minister Theresa May

0:01:420:01:44

has hailed the progress

as an "important step" forward.

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But she still faces differences

of opinion in her own government

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and suffered an embarrassing House

of Commons defeat on Brexit

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earlier this week.

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Damian Gramatticas has more.

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On a big day for the EU,

a barrage of questions.

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Last night, these leaders gave

Theresa May a round of applause.

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Not very enthusiastically,

but it was well-deserved.

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Angela Merkel lead that gesture,

appreciative after Mrs May told EU

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leaders she wants a smooth Brexit.

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It's what they want, too.

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The one leader who isn't

here is Theresa May herself,

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the leader for whom this matters

more than any other,

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getting the green light

in the Brexit process,

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to move to the next stage.

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And so, the looming question -

exactly what does the UK want future

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ties with the EU to look like?

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I think the first big step

is for the United Kingdom to say

0:02:420:02:45

very clearly what it wants

in clear terms.

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I think if this happens in the next

few weeks we can start in earnest

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and by March we will have a very

clear European position.

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Thank you.

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First, the EU 27 agreed,

as expected, sufficient

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progress has been made.

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Then the discussions turned

to the EU's terms for phase

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two of the negotiations

and a new set of guidelines.

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They say talks will only move

on if all commitments the UK has

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made so far are respected in full -

so no backtracking on the financial

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and citizens' deals.

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And for a transition,

the EU's terms are, the UK

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will continue to participate

in the customs union and single

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market - so little change -

but the UK will not have a part

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in EU decision-making and will have

to accept all the same rules

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as everyone else including any

new EU regulations and be bound

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by the European Court of Justice.

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As for the framework

for future relations,

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it is now time for internal

EU 27 preparations and

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contact with the UK.

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To get more clarity on their vision.

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As for what the UK wants most

of all, in-depth discussions

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about the future ties,

they will have to wait until March,

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EU leaders said, indicating

it is the EU who is firmly

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in control of the Brexit process.

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My colleague Christian Fraser is in

Brussels for the summit and gave us

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this assessment of the talks finally

came to a conclusion.

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I think what we take away from this

summit is that the EU side really

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does want to deal with Theresa May.

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They see her as their best

chance for a smooth Brexit

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and also they think that,

with her, they can ensure

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that there aren't the same sort

of hiccups that we might have seen

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over the course of the last

eight or nine months.

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Let's talk to Damian

Grammaticas,

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our Europe

correspondent, about that.

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Is that a broad assessment

of where we're at,

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that they see Theresa May

as their best chance?

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Well, I think they want a stable

Prime Minister in the UK

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who can make difficult compromises

for the UK, because that is going

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to continue to happen,

and who can deliver those.

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So, that is crucial.

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There was a real sort

of audible sigh of relief

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in this building today.

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And it's interesting - the end

of this year is actually quite

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a good point to take stock,

because we had the triggering

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of Article 50 at the beginning

of the year.

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All sorts of confusion

about what was going to happen.

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As you said, real down

points when it looked

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like everything might fall apart,

and they're back on track

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and I think that's what

matters to the Europeans.

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What do you make of where

we're at now in terms

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of the future relationship?

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Because Theresa May's not

spelt out much of that,

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but then perhaps that's not a bad

strategy, because if you look at how

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she's dealt with the first phase,

she didn't spell much of that

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out to her own side, either.

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Well, what I can say, I think,

is that the EU side,

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the messages they've put out

is that they find that quite

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frustrating, actually, I think,

because they want to know more -

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they want to engage in this

discussion,

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and I think they feel

that the UK side hasn't yet.

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We know the UK Cabinet hasn't yet

engaged fully with discussing

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what the future will look

like and the EU feeling, I think,

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certainly, is that these are really

difficult things

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that have got to be grappled with

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and that the earlier

the UK does that, the better,

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because then the EU can engage

with what the UK wants

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and that's what we're

going to start to see next year.

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Yeah.

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Having said that, they have

all been prime ministers,

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Jean-Claude Juncker included.

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Some of them lead minority

governments, some of them

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are at the head of weak coalitions.

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They know how difficult it is to be

a Prime Minister

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and they're painfully

aware of the maths back in the UK.

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They are, and I think

that's an important point,

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actually, to make.

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It's an important point to remember

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in that there's a lot of sort

of concern in the UK,

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I think, watching the progress

of legislation through Parliament.

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Here, that is viewed as a normal,

natural part of this process.

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Every parliament in Europe

is going to have to look at

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what happens in this process,

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what comes out at the end

of it, and approve it.

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So, they think it's fine that the UK

is doing the same thing.

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But actually, I think

the EU side see that...

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They don't see that as in any way,

I think, weakening Theresa May.

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In a way, I think they'd be glad

of the fact that the parliament

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will approve something because,

as I say, they want a sort of

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durable outcome from this

that works all round,

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however hard it is to get to that.

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So, in the New Year,

they move on to the next

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part of negotiation.

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One thing we should just say

about the withdrawal process.

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They are saying in the document

that they released today

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that they expect

the withdrawal agreement

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to be put into a legal text.

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They want it to be legally binding.

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And there is still a little bit

of work to finish on that,

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particularly when it comes

to citizens' rights.

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They're hoping that that can be done

in parallel with the talks

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about the future negotiation.

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But that is the situation

here in Brussels

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at the end of this EU summit.

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Christian Fraser there at the summit

in Brussels.

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The US Secretary of State says

North Korea needs to show

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a "sustained cessation

of threatening behaviour" before

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meaningful talks can begin.

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Rex Tillerson was speaking

at a meeting of the UN

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Security Council in New York.

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Mr Tillerson also questioned

the commitment of Moscow,

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and especially Beijing,

in trying to reign in the secretive

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state's nuclear and ballistic

missile programmes.

0:08:100:08:19

There's Chinese crude oil flows

to North Korean refineries.

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The United States questions China's

commitment to solving an issue that

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has serious implications

for the security of its own citizens

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Recently, the North Korean regime

has sought to portray UN sanctions

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as harmful to women and children,

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but this is a regime that

hypocritically spends billions

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on nuclear and ballistic missile

programmes while its own people

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suffer great poverty.

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The regime could feed and care

for women, children and ordinary

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people of North Korea if it chose

the welfare of its people over

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weapons development.

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Let's speak to the BBC's

Nada Tawfik who is in New York.

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It's interesting, a bit of a change

in approach from Mr Tillerson,

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falling into line with the White

House approach to how it deals with

0:09:050:09:08

North Korea.

Yes, absolutely. Many

may remember that just on Tuesday

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when Rex Tillerson was addressing an

audience at a think tank event on

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North Korea. He said the US was

ready to enter into talks without

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preconditions. The White House

quickly came out and denied that,

0:09:250:09:28

saying the US policy had not changed

at all and so to we saw Rex

0:09:280:09:34

Tillerson toughening his stands

there, saying North Korea had to

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earn its rights to get to the

negotiating table and they really

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had to show a commitment walking

back its nuclear programme before

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those talks could get under way.

It's interesting because it really

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echoes a lot of what the US' allies

have said. For example, the Japanese

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Foreign Minister, who presided over

this high-level meeting, he said

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that we shouldn't be conducting

dialogue for this sort two Zec

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dialogue, that these resolutions are

very clear, that North Korea has to

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end its programme and there should

be no compromise on that front.

How

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did North Korea responded?

Well, it

was a rare appearance that we got

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from North Korea's ambassador and he

said that the nuclear programme was

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a self defensive measure to protect

against the United States. He said

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if anyone was to blame it was the

US, that North Korea was a

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peace-loving country, it was a

responsible nuclear power and that

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as long as North Korea's rights were

not infringed upon, no state should

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be worried about them using their

arsenal. Rex Tillerson hit back at

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that saying that the only country

responsible and who held the

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solution to this issue was North

Korea itself as the aggressor.

How

0:10:500:10:55

did all of this go down with the

other members of the Security

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Council present?

Well, the Europeans

kind of endorsed this maximum

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pressure along with the diplomacy

approach, saying it was important

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that North Korea, that sanctions

were implemented and pressure was

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put on North Korea so they could

come to the negotiating table.

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Russia and China on the other hand,

again, they feel that North Korea

0:11:180:11:22

needs to abide by its obligations

under the security council

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resolutions, but they did show

concern about the increased rhetoric

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we're seeing in the region, saying

it is unhelpful and could lead to

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unintended consequences if there's

any miscalculation that goes

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forward. They reiterated their call,

this proposal that Russia and China

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have put out, that says the US and

Japan and South Korea should cease

0:11:420:11:49

action in the region in return for

North Korea stopping their

0:11:490:11:53

programme. They called for that as a

possible resolution to this issue.

0:11:530:11:56

Thank you.

0:11:560:12:02

Over to Austria where a coalition

deal between the conservative

0:12:020:12:05

People's Party and the far-right

Freedom Party looks set

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to be agreed tonight.

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Sebastian Kurz's People's Party won

October's parliamentary election

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with a hard line on immigration

similar to the Freedom Party's

0:12:180:12:21

which came third in the vote.

0:12:210:12:22

The two parties are

talking this evening.

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If a coalition deal is struck,

then Austria would become the only

0:12:240:12:27

western European country

with a far-right

0:12:270:12:28

party in government.

0:12:280:12:37

Bethany Bell joined us live from

Vienna. Any update?

Yes, we've been

0:12:370:12:43

told a number of times that a deal

was extremely close. The parties are

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still negotiating at this moment. It

looks as though the leader of the

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Austrian conservatives is poised to

become Europe's's youngest leader,

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just 31 years old, in coalition with

the far right Freedom Party, which

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is quite controversial. This is a

party that has been in power before,

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unlike many far right populist

roots, it translated its success at

0:13:160:13:18

the ballot box into real power. If

they do agree, this agreement is

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tonight as they are widely expected

to do, it will mean a centre right,

0:13:230:13:27

far right government here in

Austria.

It's interesting because

0:13:270:13:33

the Freedom Party has been in

government in Austria before and

0:13:330:13:36

that time it provoked the

unprecedented step of the rest of

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the EU member states imposing

sanctions against Austria.

Yes, I

0:13:400:13:44

was here back in the year 2000 when

the Freedom Party first came into a

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coalition government then. Austria

has just joined the EU a few years

0:13:530:13:56

before. The EU imposed diplomatic

sanctions for a first two short

0:13:560:14:02

time, temporary ones that were

eventually lifted. There was an

0:14:020:14:04

enormous outcry at the far right

being in power. That's much more

0:14:040:14:09

unlikely at this time. Austria has

changed, Europe has changed, there

0:14:090:14:15

are many more nationalist populist

parties around than there were back

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then in terms that we have parties

like the AFD. Many Austrians are

0:14:180:14:27

wondering whether the Freedom Party

has changed, too, or whether it has

0:14:270:14:30

helped in this trend of dragging

Europe to the right.

Bethany, thank

0:14:300:14:35

you very much.

0:14:350:14:41

Zimbabwe's ruling party has

endorsed the new president,

0:14:410:14:43

Emmerson Mnangagwa,

as their leader and candidate in

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next year's presidential elections.

0:14:450:14:46

Delegates from the Zanu-PF party

are holding an extraordinary

0:14:460:14:49

session, for the first time

since Robert Mugabe

0:14:490:14:51

stepped down last month.

0:14:510:14:52

Shingai Nyoka reports from Harare.

0:14:520:15:01

The Presidents...

0:15:010:15:04

A triumphant entry to his first

Congress as party leader.

0:15:040:15:07

But the decision to confirm

Emmerson Mnangagwa

0:15:070:15:08

was never going to be contested.

0:15:080:15:10

The 6,000 delegates

were carefully selected

0:15:100:15:12

to ensure the unanimous endorsement.

0:15:120:15:14

Now, Mr Mnangagwa can begin

0:15:140:15:16

to rebuild a party fractured

by infighting

0:15:160:15:20

in preparation for elections

expected in less than a year.

0:15:200:15:24

I stand before you, therefore,

0:15:240:15:27

as the president of a united,

non-racial Zimbabwe.

0:15:270:15:32

The conciliatory speech

is a departure from

0:15:320:15:36

the fire-brand nationalist rhetoric

of his predecessor, Robert Mugabe,

0:15:360:15:38

who was noticeably absent

from the gathering.

0:15:380:15:43

This extraordinary Congress had

been planned months ago

0:15:430:15:46

as a platform to sideline

Mr Mnangagwa

0:15:460:15:48

and elevate Grace Mugabe

to the vice presidency.

0:15:480:15:50

But, in a twist of fate,

the tables have turned

0:15:500:15:54

and the Congress has voted to expel

Grace Mugabe from the party

0:15:540:15:58

and recall Mr Mugabe,

0:15:580:16:00

a figure who's been central

here for the last 40 years.

0:16:000:16:03

The new administration faces

the primary challenge

0:16:030:16:05

of fixing the national economy

0:16:050:16:08

and also bringing confidence

into its human rights record,

0:16:080:16:10

addressing ills of the past

0:16:100:16:15

as well as trying to make sure

that the free and fair elections

0:16:150:16:18

are scheduled in 2018.

0:16:180:16:20

And it'll face further challenges

0:16:200:16:21

in relation to their ability

to prove to the Zimbabwean people

0:16:210:16:24

that they are not going

to be similar

0:16:240:16:26

to the previous government

of Robert Mugabe.

0:16:260:16:30

And how quickly the party

has moved on from him.

0:16:300:16:33

Within the month, new songs have

been written,

0:16:330:16:36

erasing reference

to the former leader.

0:16:360:16:38

And Zanu-PF's party regalia

now has a new face.

0:16:380:16:44

But critics say the intolerance

that marked the former leader's rule

0:16:440:16:46

has resurfaced.

0:16:460:16:47

Three former senior party members

0:16:470:16:50

who were expelled for supporting

Grace Mugabe were today arrested

0:16:500:16:53

and charged with criminal nuisance

0:16:530:16:55

for wearing the new regalia

without the party's permission.

0:16:550:17:00

Mr Mnangagwa told lawyers

that the time has come

0:17:000:17:05

Mr Mnangagwa told loyalists

that the time has come

0:17:050:17:07

to repair the party,

but there's no sign

0:17:070:17:09

of a reconciliation yet

with his predecessor.

0:17:090:17:11

Mr Mugabe, his wife and family

are in the far east

0:17:110:17:14

on an annual holiday.

0:17:140:17:15

Photos appear to show

the 93-year-old leader

0:17:150:17:16

leaving a Singapore hospital

and looking remarkably relaxed.

0:17:160:17:20

His future role in Zimbabwean

politics is unclear.

0:17:200:17:22

The figure that once dominated this

party has gone

0:17:220:17:24

and a new imposing figure

has been installed in his place.

0:17:240:17:34

The Roman Catholic Church

in Australia has rejected the idea

0:17:390:17:43

that priests should report sexual

abuse disclosed to

0:17:430:17:46

them in confession.

0:17:460:17:48

It was a key recommendation

of a five-year Australian inquiry

0:17:480:17:54

into child sex abuse

at public institutions.

0:17:540:17:56

The church is among institutions

accused of multiple and persistent

0:17:560:17:59

failings to keep children safe

from sexual abuse.

0:17:590:18:02

The Archbishop of Melbourne has

warned that any priest who breaks

0:18:020:18:06

the seal of the confessional

will be excommunicated.

0:18:060:18:08

From Sydney, Phil Mercer reports.

0:18:080:18:14

The report has delved into one

of the most shameful episodes

0:18:140:18:16

in modern Australian history.

0:18:160:18:22

For years, the vulnerable

were preyed upon by paedophiles

0:18:220:18:24

while invariably those in charge

looked the other way

0:18:240:18:26

and did nothing.

0:18:260:18:27

The Royal Commission says tens

of thousands of children were abused

0:18:270:18:30

in Australian institutions over

the past decades.

0:18:300:18:36

Most of the perpetrators

were members of the clergy

0:18:360:18:38

and schoolteachers.

0:18:380:18:40

The Prime Minister,

Malcolm Turnbull, says the scale

0:18:400:18:43

of the abuse is a national tragedy.

0:18:430:18:50

What the commission has done has

exposed a national tragedy,

0:18:500:18:54

it's an outstanding exercise in love

and I thank the commissioners

0:18:540:18:58

and those who had the courage

to tell their stories.

0:18:580:19:00

For five years investigators

heard agonising stories

0:19:000:19:02

of rape and sexual assault.

0:19:020:19:05

Some of those tortured children

would later kill themselves,

0:19:050:19:09

while others would endure the trauma

for the rest of their lives.

0:19:090:19:14

It really happened

and we are believed now

0:19:140:19:16

around the world because,

as adults, we were talking

0:19:160:19:20

about our childhood

and for a lot of us,

0:19:200:19:22

so, so many of us, it was so hard.

0:19:220:19:26

The commission has called

for Australia's child protection

0:19:260:19:28

policies to be overhauled.

0:19:280:19:34

Those six commissioners have done

this country proud, really.

0:19:340:19:37

I think everybody here,

wouldn't you all agree?

0:19:370:19:40

CHEERING.

0:19:400:19:41

Yes.

0:19:410:19:42

And, you know, they took

the shame and stigma

0:19:420:19:45

from our hearts and they carried it

for the last five years.

0:19:450:19:53

The head of the Anglican Church

in Australia has said sorry

0:19:530:19:56

for its shameful handling

of many of the abuse allegations.

0:19:560:20:02

A spokesman for the Catholic Church

said a major national social

0:20:020:20:05

ill had to be remedied.

0:20:050:20:07

More than 2,500 cases of alleged

child abuse have been referred

0:20:070:20:09

to Australian police,

and so far 230 criminal

0:20:090:20:14

prosecutions have started.

0:20:140:20:18

While Australia failed

so spectacularly to protect

0:20:180:20:20

its children in the past,

the hope is future generations

0:20:200:20:23

will never be exposed to such

monstrous abuse again.

0:20:230:20:33

Let's take a look at some of

the other stories making the news.

0:20:340:20:39

Police in the Netherlands have shot

and wounded a man who was armed

0:20:390:20:42

with a knife in the country's main

airport, Schipol, just

0:20:420:20:45

outside Amsterdam.

0:20:450:20:46

The main entrance to

the airport was evacuated -

0:20:460:20:48

but has now re-opened.

0:20:480:20:49

The man is in custody.

0:20:490:20:50

There were no reports

of other injuries.

0:20:500:21:00

Four Palestinians have been

killed and 150 wounded

0:21:000:21:02

in clashes with the Israeli army.

0:21:020:21:03

Palestinian sources say most

of the casualties occurred

0:21:030:21:05

near the Gaza border where protests

have been fiercest against

0:21:050:21:08

President Trump's decision

to recognise Jerusalem

0:21:080:21:09

as the capital of Israel.

0:21:090:21:13

The Oxford English Dictionary

has chosen "youthquake"

0:21:130:21:15

as its word of the year.

0:21:150:21:17

The word - first used in the 1960s -

is defined as a "significant

0:21:170:21:20

cultural, political,

or social change arising

0:21:200:21:22

from the actions or influence

of young people".

0:21:220:21:26

It's been used more recently

in relation to the effect of young

0:21:260:21:28

voters on politics in Britain,

France and New Zealand.

0:21:280:21:34

If you have your diary to hand,

you may want to note down

0:21:390:21:42

Saturday 19th of May, 2018.

0:21:420:21:43

That is the date that's been set

for the royal wedding

0:21:430:21:47

of Prince Harry and his fiancee,

actress Meghan Markle.

0:21:470:21:49

They will marry in St George's

Chapel at Windsor Castle.

0:21:490:21:53

It's the same day as the football

cup final in England.

0:21:530:21:55

The pair announced their

engagement last month.

0:21:550:21:57

We put it to the BBC's Royal

Correspondent Nicholas Witchell that

0:21:570:22:00

interest would be even greater

because Ms Markle is an American.

0:22:000:22:04

Well, that's absolutely right, yes.

0:22:040:22:07

There will be, I'm sure,

a great deal of attention

0:22:070:22:09

from around the world,

as there always is,

0:22:090:22:11

to the British Royal family,

0:22:110:22:12

but particularly, of course,

on this occasion,

0:22:120:22:14

from the United States of America.

0:22:140:22:16

And the date, yes -

0:22:160:22:18

Saturday the 19th of May.

0:22:180:22:23

Now, the choice of

a Saturday is unusual

0:22:230:22:25

but certainly not unprecedented

for a royal wedding.

0:22:250:22:27

There have been royal weddings

on Saturdays before

0:22:270:22:29

and I'm quite sure that

the calculation has been

0:22:290:22:32

that because there is to be no

public holiday in the United Kingdom

0:22:320:22:35

for this royal wedding,

0:22:350:22:36

as there was for William and Kate's,

0:22:360:22:37

the fact that it's being staged

on a Saturday

0:22:370:22:40

will give those

who are so minded

0:22:400:22:41

an opportunity to go out to Windsor,

not far from London,

0:22:410:22:44

to be part of the celebration

0:22:440:22:47

as the couple have said

that they wish to be the case.

0:22:470:22:50

I'm sure that, although the wedding,

of course, itself,

0:22:500:22:52

is in the chapel

within Windsor Castle,

0:22:520:22:54

there'll be a carriage procession,

I imagine, through the town,

0:22:540:22:56

so people will be able to join in.

0:22:560:22:58

The other, as you mentioned,

interesting thing

0:22:580:23:00

is that Saturday 19th of May

is the date of

0:23:000:23:02

one of the biggest sporting events,

certainly in England -

0:23:020:23:05

the FA Cup final.

0:23:050:23:07

Now, Prince William is president

of the Football Association.

0:23:070:23:09

He would normally

attend the cup final.

0:23:090:23:11

Somehow, on this occasion,

0:23:110:23:12

I suspect he's going

to have to give it a miss.

0:23:120:23:22

Now to Germany, where

the SDP has agreed

0:23:270:23:29

to enter exploratory talks

on forming a coalition government

0:23:290:23:31

with Chancellor Angela

Merkel's conservatives.

0:23:310:23:38

The move had been

recommended by SPD leader

0:23:380:23:41

Martin Schulz in an attempt to end

the political uncertainty

0:23:410:23:44

since elections in September.

0:23:440:23:45

Mr Schulz said the talks should

begin in January and last no

0:23:450:23:48

more than two weeks.

0:23:480:23:49

The SPD has been Mrs Merkel's junior

coalition partner since 2013,

0:23:490:23:53

but in September suffered its worst

election result since World War II.

0:23:530:23:58

The US space agency Nasa says it's

discovered an eighth

0:23:580:24:00

planet circling a distant sun -

making it the first solar system

0:24:000:24:03

to have the same number

of planets as our own.

0:24:030:24:06

The eight orbit a star

known as Kepler-90.

0:24:060:24:08

Paul Rincon reports.

0:24:080:24:10

Astronomers have discovered more

than 3,000 planets circling other

0:24:100:24:12

stars but very few of these distant

planetary systems resemble our own.

0:24:120:24:19

Now a team using the Kepler

space telescope has

0:24:190:24:25

confirmed the existence of eight

planets around a single star.

0:24:250:24:27

Seven of these were already known,

but experts trained

0:24:270:24:29

a software programme

to recognise known planets.

0:24:290:24:31

The programme then searched

through raw data and identified

0:24:310:24:33

a previously unknown world.

0:24:330:24:36

The new planet we found, Kepler-90i,

is the smallest of the bunch

0:24:360:24:39

and orbits just outside

the inner two planets.

0:24:390:24:43

The new planet is small enough

that we think it is probably rocky

0:24:430:24:46

and does not have a thick

atmosphere, the surface

0:24:460:24:49

is likely scorching hot.

0:24:490:24:50

We calculated that it probably has

an average temperature

0:24:500:24:52

of about 800 Fahrenheit.

0:24:520:24:55

We've been able to task computers

to go and look into data to find

0:24:550:24:58

things people didn't spot or perhaps

didn't have time to spot.

0:24:580:25:01

So providing good candidates

for worlds hidden within the Kepler

0:25:010:25:05

data, machines can then pick up

the slack and actually go

0:25:050:25:07

and discover these worlds.

0:25:070:25:10

The distant planetary system

is ordered like our own,

0:25:100:25:13

with the small worlds nearest

the star and the bigger

0:25:130:25:16

planets further away.

0:25:160:25:18

But all the planets are pushed much

further in towards their parent

0:25:180:25:20

star, which is known as Kepler-90.

0:25:200:25:23

This means they're probably far too

hot for life as we know it,

0:25:230:25:27

but machine learning could be used

to find the signatures

0:25:270:25:29

of Earth-sized worlds

elsewhere in the cosmos.

0:25:290:25:32

That could lead to ground-breaking

discoveries in the search

0:25:320:25:34

for life in the universe.

0:25:340:25:40

Just time before we go

to show you these pictures

0:25:400:25:42

from Central Borneo

0:25:420:25:43

where a group of eight

Orangutans has just been

0:25:430:25:45

released back into the wild.

0:25:450:25:47

Seven of the group were males,

which meant they had to be sedated

0:25:470:25:50

and transported by helicopter.

0:25:500:25:54

Orangutans are considered

critically endangered

0:25:540:25:56

by the World Wildlife Fund.

0:25:560:25:59

Thanks for watching.

0:25:590:26:02

Thanks for watching.

0:26:020:26:02

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