16/12/2017 World News Today


16/12/2017

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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Transcript


LineFromTo

This is BBC World News Today, I am

Chris Rogers, a top stories: as

0:00:110:00:17

South Africa's ruling ANC party

decides on its next leader, Jacob

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Zuma warns of challenges ahead and

the need to unite.

The fourth

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national conference is taking place

at a time when our movement is at a

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crossroads.

The new Austrian leader

outlines his programme with his far

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right coalition partner. He says he

will be pro EU but tougher on

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illegal immigration. Romania's last

monarch, forced to abdicate by the

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common to leadership 70 years ago,

is buried with full state honours in

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Bucharest.

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Hello and welcome to World News

Today. South African President Jacob

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Zuma has warned that the ruling

African National Congress is at a

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crossroads. He was speaking as

delegates met to choose a successor

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as party leader. We can look at the

main contenders to succeed him. They

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are deputy present Cyril Ramaphosa

and and a former Cabinet minister,

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Dr Dlamini-Zuma. President Zuma's

called for an end to party

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infighting. Fergal Keenan has more.

-- Fergal Keane.

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Not since the ANC came to power

23 years ago

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has so much depended

on the votes of its party members.

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An organisation that held together

through more than eight decades

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of white rule

is now bitterly divided.

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They sing the same song

but support very different visions.

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This conference isn't

just about the future

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of a liberation movement,

a political party.

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It's about the future

of this country.

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Will the ANC elect

a new leader who has promised

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to sweep away corruption?

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The ANC has always been

good at shows of unity,

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like the clasped hands

of the two contenders.

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They are both vying

for delegates' votes.

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Who would you like to see?

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Zuma.

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She will become the president.

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You will see, you will see.

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You can see, look at the numbers!

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Who do you think will

be the next leader?

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Cyril Ramaphosa, no doubt.

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Cyril Ramaphosa to be

the next president of the ANC

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and the Republic of South Africa.

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Dr Dlamini-Zuma is a politician

in her own right

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but also the ex-wife of Jacob Zuma.

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Cyril Ramaphosa could prove his

nemesis if he makes good

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on his anti-corruption rhetoric.

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Cyril Ramaphosa has been

portrayed as the puppet

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of greedy white business,

hence this swipe in his speech.

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We need to find ways of protecting

the ANC from corporate greed

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and ensure that

the decisions we take

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are informed by the policies of

the ANC, and are not dictated by...

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are not dictated to by

business interests.

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Africa's oldest liberation

movement is fraying,

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even in the face of

poignant pleas for unity.

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Whoever is elected leader tomorrow

will inherit a party in crisis.

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Fergal Keane,

BBC News, Johannesburg.

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The man who'll be Austria's next

Chancellor, Sebastian Kurz,

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has said he'll lead a government

that's clearly in favour

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of the European Union.

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But he urged it to strengthen

Europe's borders to limit

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illegal immigration.

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Mr Kurz was speaking

alongside his new coalition partner,

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Heinz-Christian Strache,

who heads the far-right,

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anti-immigrant Freedom Party.

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Bethany Bell has more from Vienna.

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Austria has a new government, and it

is right wing. Sebastian Kurz of the

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peoples party has done a deal with

the far right traditionally

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Eurosceptic freedom party. But he

says his government will be strongly

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pro EU.

TRANSLATION:

We have agreed on April

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European outlook with the aim of

strengthening subsidiarity in the

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European Union. A European Union

which should be stronger on the big

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issues and holds itself back on

small issues.

While the parties do

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not always agree on Europe, they

both taken a hard line on migrants.

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The Freedom Party leader said the

new government would crack down on

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illegal immigration and cut benefits

for refugees.

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TRANSLATION:

The minimum income for

asylum seekers will be reduced to

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365 euros per month, and those being

integrated into society will receive

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an integration bonus in the amount

of 155 euros. Primary care for

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asylum seekers will be more

supported, with material and runs

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than before.

The Freedom Party is

the junior partner in this

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coalition, but it has come away with

some significant posts. The

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interior, defence and foreign

ministers. It has been a significant

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player in Austrian politics for

years, but it has been troubled by

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its past. It was formed by former

Nazis in the 1950s. These days it

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routinely expels or suspends party

members who veered towards neo-Nazi

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ideology. The Freedom Party has

towns down some of its more extreme

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rhetoric in recent years, but many

observers believe it has helped to

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set a right-wing agenda not just

here in Austria but across Europe.

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Bethany Bell, BBC News, Vienna.

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Let's take a look at some of

the other stories making the news.

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The head of the Argentine navy has

been sacked over the disappearance

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of a submarine last month. It is

thought to have exploded in the

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Atlantic. The submarine has not been

located despite an international

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search operation.

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Authorities in California have

issued new evacuation orders

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as a huge wildfire flares up again

in Santa Barbara County.

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Meteorologists said fresh

northerly winds were likely

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to drive the flames

towards the Pacific coast.

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The blaze, which has been

named the Thomas Fire,

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is now the third-largest

since reliable records began.

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South Korea's spy agency says

North Korea appears

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to be behind hacking attacks

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on the South's

cryptocurrency exchanges.

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At least $7 million

in digital money was stolen.

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The thieves also stole the personal

information of 30,000 people.

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A full state funeral for Romania's

last monarch, King Michael,

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has been held in Bucharest.

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Thousands of people turned out

to watch the cortege pass

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through the streets of the capital.

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King Michael, who died last

week at the age of 96,

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was forced to abdicate

by Romania's Communist leaders

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nearly 70 years ago.

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Our central Europe correspondent

Nick Thorpe reports.

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He only ruled for ten of his 96

years, but King Michael of Romania

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has been given a farewell fit

for a national hero.

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Tens of thousands of Romanians lined

the streets of Bucharest

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as his coffin was carried on a gun

carriage from the former royal

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palace to the patriotic or cathedral

of the Orthodox Church.

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Michael came from the German house

of Hohenzollern and as a third

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cousin of Queen Elizabeth.

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The King's five daughters

and royalty from all over Europe

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attended the funeral Mass,

including Britain's Prince Charles

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and former King Juan Carlos

and Queen Sofia of Spain.

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Michael came to the throne

for the first time when he was only

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five years old in 1927.

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Since then, he was the contemporary

of 16 US presidents and eight Popes.

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He's best known for switching

Romania from the Nazi

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to the Allied side during

the Second World War in 1944.

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Forced to abdicate in 1947

by Romania's Communist rulers,

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he lived most of his life

in exile in Switzerland.

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From the cathedral,

the coffin was taken back

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through the streets of Bucharest

to the Baneasa railway station.

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The large crowds reminded people of

the fall of communism. There was a

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sense of regret that the monarchy

had not been restored then.

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TRANSLATION:

It is very sad, sad

that the king was not able to be in

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Romania, we missed this opportunity

twice, when we chased out in 1947,

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then in 1990. Without him, we have

lost dignity, education and common

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sense. Maybe we will wake up now.

TRANSLATION:

It is important to pay

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final tribute to His Majesty,

because on top of the national

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tributes, he represents a personal

example of depth, dignity, refusal

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to compromise, and a love of

country.

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From the cathedral,

the coffin was taken back

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through the streets of Bucharest

to the Baneasa railway station.

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From there, he was carried slowly

on the royal train

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on his final journey

to the Orthodox monastery

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at Curtea de Arges, in the foothills

of the Carpathian Mountains,

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to be buried beside his wife,

his father and grandfather.

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After another church service,

attended only by close family and

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dignitaries, King Michael was

finally laid to rest in the royal

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crypt of the monastery beside his

wife, his father and his

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grandfather.

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Police investigating the deaths

of a 75-year-old Canadian

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billionaire and his wife say

the circumstances appear suspicious.

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Barry Sherman, who founded

a major pharmaceutical company,

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was found dead with his wife Honey

at their mansion in Toronto.

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Reports say there was

no sign of forced entry.

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One of Toronto's richest suburbs,

a house for sale.

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In the basement, a discovery -

two bodies, a man and a woman.

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Barry Sherman and his wife Honey,

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one of the richest couples

in the country.

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Police cannot yet say what happened.

0:11:240:11:32

The circumstances of their death

lead us to believe

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that there may be

suspicious circumstances.

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It is an investigative tool.

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Until we know exactly how they died,

we treat it as suspicious.

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Barry Sherman, who was 75,

is thought to be worth

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more than £2 billion.

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He made his money

in pharmaceuticals,

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setting up Apotex in the 1970s,

and building it

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into one of the biggest drugs

companies in the world.

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Stepping down as chief executive

in 2012,

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he dedicated himself

to charity work.

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Today, Canadian premier Justin

Trudeau said that he and his wife

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sent their condolences

to the Shermans' family and friends

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and everyone touched

by their vision and spirit.

0:12:100:12:18

This woman, an employee,

still could not believe the news.

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People looked up to him.

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People are in shock, crying.

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They are genuinely heartbroken.

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For now, the investigation continues

into two deaths which leave

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the community in shock

and a family in mourning.

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Angus Crawford, BBC News.

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Yes, this just in, a draft

resolution is being circulated at

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the United Nations Security Council

which would declare that any

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unilateral decision on the status of

Jerusalem would have no legal

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effect. The measure proposed by

Egypt comes, of course, after

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President Trump's announcement that

the United States recognises

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Jerusalem as the capital of Israel,

and he wants to put the American

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Embassy there and move it from Tel

Aviv. I'm joined now by David Willis

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in Washington, what will be the

ramifications of this resolution, if

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it is signed and agreed, David?

Well, this resolution was tabled by

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Egypt. It doesn't specifically

mention President Trump or the Trump

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administration, but it is clearly

aimed at the recent decision by the

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resident to do as you were just

saying, recognise Israel, Jerusalem

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as the capital of Israel, and to

move the US Embassy there. Now, in

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this draft resolution, tabled by

Egypt, it stresses that Jerusalem is

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any student to be resolved through

negotiations, as it puts it, and

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expresses a deep regret at a recent

decisions concerning the status of

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Jerusalem. It goes on to affirm that

any decisions and actions which

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purports to have altered the

character, status or demographic

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composition of Jerusalem have no

legal effect and are thus null and

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void.

David, thank you for that

update, more on that story and of

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course reaction as well here on the

BBC. Stay with us, still to come,

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the skeleton of a rare woolly

mammoth that sold for hundreds of

0:14:410:14:45

thousands of dollars. We will tell

you more.

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After eight months on the run,

Saddam Hussein has been captured by

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American forces...

Saddam Hussein is

finished, because he killed our

0:15:000:15:07

people, our women, our children.

The

signatures took only a few minutes

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but brought a formal end to three

and a half years of conflict that

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has claimed more than 200,000 lives.

Before an audience of world leaders,

0:15:150:15:20

the presidents of Bosnia, Serbia and

Croatia put their names to the peace

0:15:200:15:23

agreement.

0:15:230:15:26

The Romanian border was sealed and

silent today. Romania has cut itself

0:15:300:15:35

off from the outside world in order

to prevent the details of the

0:15:350:15:39

presumed massacre from leaking out.

From sex at the White House to a

0:15:390:15:44

trial for his political life, the

Lewinsky affair tonight guaranteed

0:15:440:15:47

Bill Clinton his place in history as

only the second president ever to be

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impeached.

0:15:540:15:58

This is BBC World News Today.

0:16:020:16:07

The latest headlines: the South

African ruling ANC party decides on

0:16:070:16:11

its next leader, President Jacob

Zuma warns of huge challenges and

0:16:110:16:14

macro and of the need to unite. The

new Austrian leader has outlined his

0:16:140:16:24

pro EU plans but says he will be

tougher on illegal immigration.

0:16:240:16:28

Hugh Woozencroft has all the sport.

0:16:290:16:34

European cup holders Real Madrid

have won their second straight world

0:16:340:16:37

club title, their fifth piece of

silverware this year. They took and

0:16:370:16:42

1-0 over South American champions

Gremio of Brazil thanks to a free

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kick from Cristiano Ronaldo in a

match in Abu Dhabi. It means they

0:16:480:16:53

equalled the record three titles won

by Barcelona. High-flying Manchester

0:16:530:16:58

City Abbie Eaton Tottenham 4-1 to

increase their lead at the top of

0:16:580:17:01

the English Premier League to a

massive 14 points. -- have beaten.

0:17:010:17:06

It extends their winning sequence to

16 straight matches. Raheem Sterling

0:17:060:17:12

scored twice. It didn't matter that

Gabriel Jesus missed a penalty.

0:17:120:17:17

Ilkay Gundogan and Kevin de Bruyne

were also on target.

We don't

0:17:170:17:23

believe the best way to defend is

going back, we don't believe that.

0:17:230:17:27

We have to believe that you have to

feel we will be going forward to

0:17:270:17:34

take the ball, and after that to try

to tackle as best as possible. But

0:17:340:17:39

we did last season, since the

beginning, but of course we need

0:17:390:17:44

sometimes some time, because we play

with new players. Sometimes you need

0:17:440:17:49

more time.

Antonio Conte's Chelsea

stay third in the table after a 1-0

0:17:490:17:57

win at Southampton. Marcos Alonso

scored the only goal of the game,

0:17:570:18:01

Chelsea have won aid of their last

ten Premier League matches. Arsenal

0:18:010:18:05

have moved up to fourth after a 1-0

win against Newcastle at the

0:18:050:18:10

Emirates, Mesut Ozil scored with a

stunning strike in the first. The

0:18:100:18:14

defeat means Newcastle dropped into

relegation zone.

We did well, we had

0:18:140:18:21

chances to draw, and it is a pity,

because in the end we are learning,

0:18:210:18:27

we have this situation in some games

that we have just one goal behind,

0:18:270:18:32

and then we have to improve quickly

and to be sure we can get these

0:18:320:18:36

trawls or wins, because we are

making a great effort, the players

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are working so hard, and it is a

pity.

Elsewhere in the Premier

0:18:400:18:44

League...

0:18:440:18:54

Inter Milan have been beaten for the

first time in the league, 3-1 at the

0:18:570:19:03

San Siro by Udinese...

0:19:030:19:06

Australia will start in a dominant

position on day four, when the third

0:19:250:19:28

Ashes Test resumes in Perth in just

over six hours' time.

0:19:280:19:31

They're 549-4 in their first

innings, a lead of 146,

0:19:310:19:33

with captain Steve Smith

still there on 229

0:19:330:19:35

and Mitchell Marsh unbeaten on 181.

0:19:350:19:37

England must avoid defeat if they're

to keep the series alive.

0:19:370:19:41

We have got two more days to play,

0:19:410:19:43

of course it is going to be tough,

but we had opportunities in the last

0:19:430:19:47

game, and in the previous game,

so we have had opportunities,

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we just haven't been good enough,

or they have been better

0:19:500:19:52

in the tough moments and have taken

the games away from us.

0:19:520:19:55

But we have two days to go,

and we have to believe we can

0:19:550:19:58

fight hard and make sure

there is still a contest

0:19:580:20:01

to keep going.

0:20:010:20:11

Oh, look, they are obviously tired,

it is hard work, and you walk off

0:20:150:20:21

the ground very tired and sore. I am

not sure we have broken their

0:20:210:20:25

spirit, but we have put ourselves in

a very good position to know win

0:20:250:20:28

this match if we can bat well

tomorrow.

That is all the sport for

0:20:280:20:33

now, the rest of the stories are

available on the BBC website.

0:20:330:20:39

As we've heard, South Africa's

governing African National Congress

0:20:390:20:42

is holding a conference

where delegates will choose

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a new leader to succeed

President Jacob Zuma.

0:20:440:20:45

To gauge wider public

opinion in South Africa,

0:20:450:20:47

we asked a teacher, a singer,

a student and a janitor

0:20:470:20:50

what their message would be

to their next leader.

0:20:500:21:00

Ready when you are!

I am a musician,

I play folk music, I think I am a

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storyteller first and foremost, so

the music right now is exploring

0:21:110:21:14

ideas of protest and belonging and

identity in South Africa.

0:21:140:21:22

# Waiting to break black bodies

begin... #

0:21:220:21:28

As a young person and a young

mother, the corruption issues that

0:21:280:21:31

have been plaguing the ANC and, you

know, that have just become almost

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normal, the fact that these things

happen at such high levels but have

0:21:370:21:43

now become the culture of how people

do things, even at local levels, you

0:21:430:21:48

can just see this way of living

trickling into every single

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institution, almost like a cancer.

My message to the ANC is to stamp

0:21:540:22:05

out corruption and to put the people

first and not bow down to the needs

0:22:050:22:09

of big business.

0:22:090:22:20

I am Andy, a social worker, and I am

25 years old. I have grown up in a

0:22:200:22:29

South Africa which values her

identity but also the next person

0:22:290:22:32

beside her, understanding that we

are all equal. Different as we are,

0:22:320:22:35

but we are all equal. My message for

the ANC is whoever gets to lead this

0:22:350:22:44

country, remember, we have come a

long way separated, but here we are

0:22:440:22:50

now, the rainbow nation, it is up to

you now to take what actually binds

0:22:500:22:59

us as a country and give us

direction as to the way we can go

0:22:590:23:05

and flourish as a country.

My name

is Samir, I am a student. I was born

0:23:050:23:15

in 1994, all I have ever known is an

ANC government. I am just working on

0:23:150:23:22

an essay about the race and class

debate. I think that a lot of the

0:23:220:23:30

ANC members have lost their way and

sort of lost what should be the true

0:23:300:23:35

aim of the party, which is to help

the people of South Africa,

0:23:350:23:40

especially the poorest. My message

to the ANC and the next leader of

0:23:400:23:47

the party would be to focus on free

education and pushing through that

0:23:470:23:52

policy.

The views of South Africans

and the next leader of the ANC,

0:23:520:23:58

whoever that is.

0:23:580:24:01

Now to the skeleton of a woolly

mammoth which lived 10,000 years ago

0:24:010:24:05

and has now sold at auction in

France for nearly $600,000.

0:24:050:24:12

It may be staggeringly big and

staggeringly old, but it has lost

0:24:120:24:16

none of its grace. A 15,000

-year-old woolly mammoth skeleton

0:24:160:24:21

has been sold at auction in France.

The ice age beast was found complete

0:24:210:24:26

and frozen in Siberia about ten

years ago and was kept by a hunter.

0:24:260:24:30

It retains 80% of its original bone.

TRANSLATION:

Here, you have an

0:24:300:24:38

exceptional specimen, first because

of its size, it is a very big one,

0:24:380:24:42

five .4 metres in length, 3.5 metres

in height, three metre tasks, a

0:24:420:24:48

gigantic weight of 160 kilograms.

This is very important. In general,

0:24:480:24:53

we find much smaller specimens.

It

is believed to have been about 50

0:24:530:25:00

years old when it died, weighing

nearly a tonne. It is a red sale of

0:25:000:25:05

the largest land mammal of all time.

Auctioneers sold another woolly

0:25:050:25:12

mammoth skeleton in 2012 for around

$370,000. This time, the budget

0:25:120:25:20

needed excluded many private

museums. The deep pockets of a

0:25:200:25:24

Strasbourg based construction

company won the lot for around

0:25:240:25:27

$644,000. A record price for a

mammoth skeleton.

0:25:270:25:37

TRANSLATION:

Since our logo is a

mammoth, we couldn't do anything

0:25:370:25:40

else but by.

The company has deep

pockets and plenty of room.

We will

0:25:400:25:44

put him at the firm's headquarters,

we have enough space.

It becomes the

0:25:440:25:51

largest of the species in the hands

of a private owner, the auctioneers

0:25:510:25:54

say. The giant that stood alongside

early man captivating it once more.

0:25:540:26:00

Rhodri Davies, BBC News.

0:26:000:26:06

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