30/12/2017 World News Today


30/12/2017

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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Transcript


LineFromTo

This is BBC World News Today.

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I'm Ben Bland.

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Our top stories: There are reports

of growing violence in towns

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and cities across Iran.

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Anti-government protests gather

momentum for a third day,

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despite repeated warnings

from the authorities.

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Meanwhile, thousands of Iranians

take to the streets of Tehran

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in an officially sanctioned show

of support for the government.

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Nepal bans solo climbers

from ascending Mount Everest

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and other Himalayan peaks,

it says, to make climbing

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safer and save lives.

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And we'll have all the day's sport,

including: Premier League champions

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Chelsea end the year in style

after beating Stoke.

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Hello and welcome

to World News Today.

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Some anti-government protests in

Iran have turned violent. There were

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skirmishes between demonstrators and

police which continued into the

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night.

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police which continued into the

night. These are the latest pictures

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from the capital, Tehran, as you can

see, largely peaceful during the

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day, but later is, fire -- but

later, fires burning in the streets.

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Separately, there have been

officially organised pro-government

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rallies.

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The third day of protests in Iran.

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What began in small provincial

cities, now spreading

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to the capital, Tehran,

and the main university campus.

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These are worrying signs

for the Iranian government

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and the ultraconservative Shia

clerics who have ruled

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over the country since

the 1979 Revolution.

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Shouting for the clerics to give him

a job, this protester typifies

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the economic anger felt by many

Iranians.

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They accuse the mullahs

of living in gilded palaces

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and sponsoring conflicts overseas,

while the economy and

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the country suffers.

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But dissent in Iran is only

tolerated to a point.

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Uniformed and plain clothes police

clashed with protesters and made

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dozens of arrests in several cities.

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I don't expect the protest

to snowball as of now

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because the regime has

a response in place.

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And if the protesters don't stop,

ultimately the reaction

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will become heavy-handed.

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We're just not there yet.

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In a response on Twitter,

President Trump warned Iran

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that the world was watching,

saying that Tehran should

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respect people's rights

to express themselves.

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Comments that the Iranian

Foreign Minister called

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opportunistic and deceitful.

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The government has warned people not

to take part in what it

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calls illegal protests.

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Organising instead large,

pro-regime counterdemonstrations,

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in support of the supreme leader

Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.

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An end to clerical rule

has been a common theme

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in these protests, some

of which are now turning violent.

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Wyre Davies, BBC News.

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We're joined by a senior fellow from

the Middle East Institute. We have

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seen protests in Iran before,

perhaps most notably in 2009. They

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were put down in came to nothing,

ultimately. Is this any different

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this time, do you think?

Time will

show, Ben, but I think it is clear

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that this is an event that is

picking up speed at an historic

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rate. It is different in that sense

from 2009. Put it in context, what

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happened in 2009 was a fight within

the regime against the then

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President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. This

time, this is not a family feud, it

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is coming from street level. Can the

regime containers, given that

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socioeconomic conditions are what

they are?

That is key to this, isn't

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it? Because this started out as an

economic protest about the

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Government's inability to control

rising prices. It has now very

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clearly turned into a political

protest as well.

Within 24 hours it

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did so. It started off as a slogan

for, as in, you can't keep

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increasing the prices. Slogans

targeting President Rouhani, and

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then within 24 hours, those slogans

targeting the entirety of the

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regime. It is asking if the regime

is representative of the average

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citizen. Let me point something out:

Back in May this year, President

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Rouhani won in a landslide

pre-election with 24 million votes,

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and now, less than six months later,

they are chanting death to Rouhani.

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Many of the people who voted for

this man are now saying, you have

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betrayed us. I wonder what Rouhani

is thinking right now. I think, as

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we heard earlier, it won't be a

surprise of the security forces come

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out and crack down, and that might

disburse as it did in 2009. But

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Rouhani, who fancied himself as the

next Iranians supreme leader, a

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different kind of leader, the

Iranian people are speaking loudly

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against him, saying he has failed

them.

What is the alternative model

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that these demonstrators would like

to see in place of President Rouhani

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and clerical rule was back and

crucially, would it do anything to

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improve their current living

conditions? -- and clerical rule?

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And crucially...

The average person

knows that the revolution comes with

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risks. They know what is happening

in the neighbourhood. They know what

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happened in Egypt, Libya and Syria,

and they are watching places like

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Iraq and Afghanistan, where you

don't have security, and they don't

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want that. At the same time, they

are fed up with the Islamic

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Republic, now 40 years into its

existence, promising change and not

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delivering. In 1979, the Iranians

people did not ask for a clerical

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establishment to rule over them,

they wanted a democratic system,

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fundamentally, and they didn't get

that when they topple the Shah. For

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40 years, they have been sitting

there basically patiently hoping

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that the clerics would one day get

closer to the people and start

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reflecting what average Iranians

want, and that's not happening. Look

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at Syria and for the Iranians are

doing in terms of regime activity,

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exporting their ideology, spending

billions of dollars doing so, while

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forgetting your average man and

woman back in Iran, and that is what

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is coming to want them today and

this week as we watch it on our TV

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screens.

Alex, really good to get

your thoughts and analysis. Thank

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you.

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Mountain climbers will no longer be

able to tackle Nepal's mountain

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peaks so low. The new rules ban

double amputees and blind climbers

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from attempting the mountain peaks

without a valid medical certificate.

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Kenton Cool is one of the world's

leading high altitude climbers,

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and has tackled Everest 12 times.

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Thank you for joining us.

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What did you think

when you heard this from

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the Nepalese Government?

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I don't think it is a good thing.

Mountaineering has a rich heritage

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of notable firsts from solo

climbers. One only needs to look at

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the greats - these are some of the

very best climbers of their

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generations, and they went out and

deliberately sought out solo climbs,

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climbs where they embarked on their

own incredibly safely, and they

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would get up and down these

mountains so low. For the Ministry

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of tourism to blanket ban the solo

climbers I think is unreasonable.

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Ulee Stec died this year while

preparing to climb one of these

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peaks, and he was very experienced,

and yet even he was unable to

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survive those elements. Some may say

that is a prime example, a case to

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be made for tightening up the rules

to protect people.

Yes, you could

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easily look at that. He was a good

friend, but of course, freak

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accidents will always occur. The

ministry perhaps should look at the

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more inexperienced climbers joining

teams and attempting declines such

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as Mount Everest. -- attempting

climbs such as. Hundreds of climbers

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will flock to that mountain every

season, many of whom don't have the

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depth of experience to legitimately

be there. Generally, the deaths that

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we see on the big mountains are

inexperienced climbers, whereas solo

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climbers, more often than not, they

are the highly experienced climbers,

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pushing themselves to the very

boundary of what is considered to be

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human endeavour and endurance, and

we don't often see accidents coming

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in from those climbers. More often

than not, it is the more

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inexperienced climbers, who are

often part of a team.

We must leave

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it there, but thank you very much.

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Stay with us on BBC World News.

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Still to come:

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The Arctic blast hating America's

east coast looks likely to continue

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into the New Year, with some of the

lowest temperatures seen in decades.

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This is BBC World News Today.

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I'm Ben Bland.

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The latest headlines:

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Police in Iran have been in

skirmishes with demonstrators in a

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third day of anti-government

protests. Demonstrators were on the

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streets of a number of cities

despite warnings from the goverment.

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A Mississippi sheriff says

the United States has a "national

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problem" with how it treats mental

health patients in

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the justice system.

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Greg Pollan was speaking

after an investigation by the BBC

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and ProPublica into the case

of Tyler Haire.

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Haire - who had a long history

of mental health problems -

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was in jail for almost four years

without trial while

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waiting to be assessed.

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He is now serving a seven-year

sentence for stabbing his

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father's girlfriend.

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This is his story.

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We have some good memories of Tyler.

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He was very loving.

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But we had problems

with Tyler when he was

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probably six months old.

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He started medication

when he was four.

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He had generalised

anxiety, delusional,

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suffered mood swings.

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I remember telling him

goodbye, and I loved

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him, and hugging him.

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And that was the last time

that I saw him until

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he was in jail.

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This call is from a

correctional facility.

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I remember coming out

of the bedroom and giving

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him a glass of water.

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That's all I remember about that.

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Nothing else.

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I received a phone call from

the county Sheriff's office, and he

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tells me Tyler has stabbed someone

with a ten inch butcher knife.

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All I can keep replaying

in my mind was,

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how, why?

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Tyler Haire was ordered at

the beginning of this case to have a

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mental evaluation conducted,

and it took four years.

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The roadblock was that there

was never a bed for him,

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to put it literally.

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There was never a time

that he worked his way to the

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top of the list, where he was

the next person scheduled to be

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evaluated.

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The problem is across the street

with our legislature.

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They don't properly

fund that forensic

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unit, don't provide enough

psychiatrists, enough personnel.

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I think that at some

point, some court

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is going to force us

to spend more money,

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and it'll be a federal court.

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Imagine putting a 16-year-old child

that is already mentally disabled

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into that little cell

for four straight years.

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I can't even imagine the things that

went through his mind.

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When incarcerated, the seriously

mentally ill should be seen by

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health care professionals,

and their needs tended to.

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That story was a collaboration

between the BBC and ProPublica.

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You can watch the full documentary

on the BBC News website.

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Just log on to BBC.com/news.

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People around the world are

preparing to mark the arrival of

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2018, many city celebrating with

open-air concerts, street parties

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and fireworks, but in Europe, after

Islamist attacks in the last 12

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months against civilian targets,

particular attention is being paid

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to public spaces. Live music,

wine-tasting, festive decorations

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and good food - all the vital

ingredients in Romania for a great

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party. But the tune in other

European capitals as they prepare is

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so far more sombre. France has seen

over 230 people killed in attacks by

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Islamist militants in the last three

years. The pyrus chief police says

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his forces prepare for the terrorist

threat, which he assessed as high.

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Over 10,000 police and emergency

service workers are to be deployed

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in the capital, with a large force

concentrating on the Champs-Elysees.

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Large areas of central Rome will ban

cars for parking for 48 hours, and

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the main two wrist sites will have

special protection. Celebrations at

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Berlin's Brandenburg gate are

expected to attract 1 million

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partygoers, but the authorities face

an additional challenge: Two years

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ago, hundreds of women were robbed

and sexually assaulted New Year's

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Eve in Cologne and other cities by

groups of men, many said to be from

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migrant backgrounds. This year,

Berlin police say that women who

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feel threatened will be able to go

to a special security area.

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TRANSLATION: It is a Red Cross point

that was always there that is taking

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on additional duties. If any woman

is harassed, they can go to a team

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of trained psychologist, but it is

not a women's own. Critics say that

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large events should be organised so

that us. Happen in the first place.

0:18:530:18:57

TRANSLATION:

What is not right is

that young women are attacked in

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public places, especially at

celebrations. But that's it.

Others

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say that they intend to party

regardless.

I feel pretty safe, not

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scared. I think it is fear that

scares people, and I don't think...

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You can't let that ruin your life.

David Kemp annihilate, BBC News. --

0:19:200:19:35

David Campanali.

Chelsea were three up after just a

0:19:350:19:42

few minutes. It is now four defeats

in a row., who are just two points

0:19:420:19:55

above the relegation zone.

Manchester United could have an

0:19:550:19:59

issue after Romalu Lukaku was

stretchered off with a head injury

0:19:590:20:01

as they were held to a goalless draw

with Southampton at Old Trafford.

0:20:010:20:08

Jose Mourinho confirmed that Zlatan

Ibrahimovic will be up on month

0:20:080:20:13

through injury. United slipped to

third in the table, 14 points behind

0:20:130:20:18

Manchester City, who play on Sunday.

Jose Mourinho was disappointed with

0:20:180:20:24

the referee for not giving a penalty

from what he felt was a deliberate

0:20:240:20:28

handball.

We played enough to score

goals. Of course, we missed easy

0:20:280:20:32

chances. But I'm really unhappy with

the penalty. Not with Craig's

0:20:320:20:40

performance overall, but with the

penalty.

Virgil van Dijk was

0:20:400:20:46

watching from the stands at Anfield

after his £75 million transfer from

0:20:460:20:51

Southampton made him the most

expensive defender in the world.

0:20:510:20:55

Jamie Vardy gave Leicester City an

early lead, but Mohamed Salah scored

0:20:550:21:02

his 16th and 17th goals this season

to secure a 2-1 win for Jurgen

0:21:020:21:07

Klopp's side.

Swansea City arm off the bottom of

0:21:070:21:11

the table after beating Watford 2-1

at vicarage Road. The new manager

0:21:110:21:19

has a winning start to his new job

as Swansea boss.

0:21:190:21:23

England's cricketers have avoided an

Ashes whitewash but a win was just

0:21:230:21:28

beyond them in Melbourne. They have

a chance of victory but it was

0:21:280:21:33

snuffed out by Australia captain

Steve Smith. A day in which England

0:21:330:21:37

will have hoped to complete a

dramatic and exciting first victory

0:21:370:21:42

of this Ashes Series ended in a

somewhat anti-climactic draw because

0:21:420:21:48

of Steve Smith the Australian

captain who scored his third century

0:21:480:21:52

of this series and he has now scored

more than 600 runs in the series. He

0:21:520:21:57

batted Australia through to see out

a draw. England had a glimmer of

0:21:570:22:02

hope when David Warner tried to slog

Joe Root's bowling. It went up in

0:22:020:22:07

the error and gave Root a wicket on

his birthday. England then got rid

0:22:070:22:12

of Shaun Marsh thanks to a good

catch from Jonny Bairstow and had

0:22:120:22:16

real hope of getting into the

Australian lower order. The scoring

0:22:160:22:23

was very slow, the pitch lifeless,

and the atmosphere drained out of

0:22:230:22:28

the MCG. So, there won't be a 5-0

Ashes win for Australia, as two of

0:22:280:22:34

the previous three England trips

here have seen, but England didn't

0:22:340:22:38

get that morale boosting win either.

We now go to Sydney to see if

0:22:380:22:45

England can get that first series

win, and we will all hope it is more

0:22:450:22:48

exciting than this one.

Serena Williams has returned to

0:22:480:22:52

tennis for the first time since

giving birth to her first child. She

0:22:520:22:55

showed glimpses of her best form up

against the French open champion

0:22:550:23:01

Jelena Ostapenko.

I was a little

worried out there. I looked at my

0:23:010:23:10

camp and I was like, is she OK? But

it's really good. I'm excited and

0:23:100:23:17

it's good to be back on the court.

First matches back are always super

0:23:170:23:23

incredibly hard, especially after

having a baby, but it was great, and

0:23:230:23:27

I was glad I could do it here.

Great

to see her back so soon. That's all

0:23:270:23:31

the spot for now.

0:23:310:23:34

Not every day you can take photos

of a frozen water fountain like this

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behind me in New York.

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But across vast parts of the US,

forecasters are predicting chilling

0:23:390:23:41

temperatures over the New Year's

celebrations, as an

0:23:410:23:43

Arctic blast hits.

0:23:430:23:45

To show you just how cold it is,

these are thresher sharks which have

0:23:450:23:48

washed up frozen along Cape Cod,

in the US state of Massachusetts.

0:23:480:23:51

Thermometers could reach the lowest

temperatures in nearly a century

0:23:510:23:53

over the next few days -

and stay there into

0:23:530:23:56

the first days of 2018.

0:23:560:24:01

I spoke to Michael Davies who lives

and Pennsylvania about how it is

0:24:010:24:05

affecting things.

I am in

Pittsburgh, but it is in the

0:24:050:24:10

negative teams or whatever. We have

had an inch or two of snow in the

0:24:100:24:19

last 24 hours. It's not too bad,

it's freezing.

And you have taken

0:24:190:24:23

some pretty iconic photos. Tell us

about the kayak.

That is when we had

0:24:230:24:32

five feet of snow over the past days

since Christmas Eve. My cousins are

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from Florida, and they got a kayak

for Christmas, so they took a

0:24:390:24:43

picture of themselves in their

swimming pool, nice weather, bathing

0:24:430:24:49

suits, sun shining, and so my sister

and I said, let's get the kayak and

0:24:490:24:52

put it in the front yard in the snow

and show them the Christmas we are

0:24:520:24:56

having. That is the story behind

that. We were in the yard, taking

0:24:560:25:01

photos and having fun with snow.

I'm

assuming you don't particularly feel

0:25:010:25:06

the cold very much cinema we saw the

photo enduring a T-shirt.

We were

0:25:060:25:10

going to be in bathing suits, but we

knew it would be too cold for that.

0:25:100:25:20

We put the kayak out there, got the

picture taking, and bared the cold.

0:25:200:25:23

We're used to it.

How prepared for

people for this? Was at the kind of

0:25:230:25:26

thing they had seen before and were

they anticipating it?

They are

0:25:260:25:31

usually well prepared for the snow

with salt trucks, ploughs and so

0:25:310:25:35

forth. We weren't that prepared for

that snow that we had, five feet in

0:25:350:25:41

the past couple of days, and it is

still snowing up there. The city was

0:25:410:25:46

shut down. Snowploughs were getting

stuck in the snow. The declaration

0:25:460:25:52

of emergency pin e-reader. It is

still snowing up there. -- in Erie.

0:25:520:26:00

We'll just wait

0:26:000:26:02

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