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This is BBC World News Today.
I'm Ben Bland.
Our top stories: There are reports
of growing violence in towns
and cities across Iran.
Anti-government protests gather
momentum for a third day,
despite repeated warnings
from the authorities.
Meanwhile, thousands of Iranians
take to the streets of Tehran
in an officially sanctioned show
of support for the government.
Nepal bans solo climbers
from ascending Mount Everest
and other Himalayan peaks,
it says, to make climbing
safer and save lives.
And we'll have all the day's sport,
including: Premier League champions
Chelsea end the year in style
after beating Stoke.
Hello and welcome
to World News Today.
Some anti-government protests in
Iran have turned violent. There were
skirmishes between demonstrators and
police which continued into the
police which continued into the
night. These are the latest pictures
from the capital, Tehran, as you can
see, largely peaceful during the
day, but later is, fire -- but
later, fires burning in the streets.
Separately, there have been
officially organised pro-government
The third day of protests in Iran.
What began in small provincial
cities, now spreading
to the capital, Tehran,
and the main university campus.
These are worrying signs
for the Iranian government
and the ultraconservative Shia
clerics who have ruled
over the country since
the 1979 Revolution.
Shouting for the clerics to give him
a job, this protester typifies
the economic anger felt by many
They accuse the mullahs
of living in gilded palaces
and sponsoring conflicts overseas,
while the economy and
the country suffers.
But dissent in Iran is only
tolerated to a point.
Uniformed and plain clothes police
clashed with protesters and made
dozens of arrests in several cities.
I don't expect the protest
to snowball as of now
because the regime has
a response in place.
And if the protesters don't stop,
ultimately the reaction
will become heavy-handed.
We're just not there yet.
In a response on Twitter,
President Trump warned Iran
that the world was watching,
saying that Tehran should
respect people's rights
to express themselves.
Comments that the Iranian
Foreign Minister called
opportunistic and deceitful.
The government has warned people not
to take part in what it
calls illegal protests.
Organising instead large,
in support of the supreme leader
Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.
An end to clerical rule
has been a common theme
in these protests, some
of which are now turning violent.
Wyre Davies, BBC News.
We're joined by a senior fellow from
the Middle East Institute. We have
seen protests in Iran before,
perhaps most notably in 2009. They
were put down in came to nothing,
ultimately. Is this any different
this time, do you think?
show, Ben, but I think it is clear
that this is an event that is
picking up speed at an historic
rate. It is different in that sense
from 2009. Put it in context, what
happened in 2009 was a fight within
the regime against the then
President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. This
time, this is not a family feud, it
is coming from street level. Can the
regime containers, given that
socioeconomic conditions are what
That is key to this, isn't
it? Because this started out as an
economic protest about the
Government's inability to control
rising prices. It has now very
clearly turned into a political
protest as well.
Within 24 hours it
did so. It started off as a slogan
for, as in, you can't keep
increasing the prices. Slogans
targeting President Rouhani, and
then within 24 hours, those slogans
targeting the entirety of the
regime. It is asking if the regime
is representative of the average
citizen. Let me point something out:
Back in May this year, President
Rouhani won in a landslide
pre-election with 24 million votes,
and now, less than six months later,
they are chanting death to Rouhani.
Many of the people who voted for
this man are now saying, you have
betrayed us. I wonder what Rouhani
is thinking right now. I think, as
we heard earlier, it won't be a
surprise of the security forces come
out and crack down, and that might
disburse as it did in 2009. But
Rouhani, who fancied himself as the
next Iranians supreme leader, a
different kind of leader, the
Iranian people are speaking loudly
against him, saying he has failed
What is the alternative model
that these demonstrators would like
to see in place of President Rouhani
and clerical rule was back and
crucially, would it do anything to
improve their current living
conditions? -- and clerical rule?
The average person
knows that the revolution comes with
risks. They know what is happening
in the neighbourhood. They know what
happened in Egypt, Libya and Syria,
and they are watching places like
Iraq and Afghanistan, where you
don't have security, and they don't
want that. At the same time, they
are fed up with the Islamic
Republic, now 40 years into its
existence, promising change and not
delivering. In 1979, the Iranians
people did not ask for a clerical
establishment to rule over them,
they wanted a democratic system,
fundamentally, and they didn't get
that when they topple the Shah. For
40 years, they have been sitting
there basically patiently hoping
that the clerics would one day get
closer to the people and start
reflecting what average Iranians
want, and that's not happening. Look
at Syria and for the Iranians are
doing in terms of regime activity,
exporting their ideology, spending
billions of dollars doing so, while
forgetting your average man and
woman back in Iran, and that is what
is coming to want them today and
this week as we watch it on our TV
Alex, really good to get
your thoughts and analysis. Thank
Mountain climbers will no longer be
able to tackle Nepal's mountain
peaks so low. The new rules ban
double amputees and blind climbers
from attempting the mountain peaks
without a valid medical certificate.
Kenton Cool is one of the world's
leading high altitude climbers,
and has tackled Everest 12 times.
Thank you for joining us.
What did you think
when you heard this from
the Nepalese Government?
I don't think it is a good thing.
Mountaineering has a rich heritage
of notable firsts from solo
climbers. One only needs to look at
the greats - these are some of the
very best climbers of their
generations, and they went out and
deliberately sought out solo climbs,
climbs where they embarked on their
own incredibly safely, and they
would get up and down these
mountains so low. For the Ministry
of tourism to blanket ban the solo
climbers I think is unreasonable.
Ulee Stec died this year while
preparing to climb one of these
peaks, and he was very experienced,
and yet even he was unable to
survive those elements. Some may say
that is a prime example, a case to
be made for tightening up the rules
to protect people.
Yes, you could
easily look at that. He was a good
friend, but of course, freak
accidents will always occur. The
ministry perhaps should look at the
more inexperienced climbers joining
teams and attempting declines such
as Mount Everest. -- attempting
climbs such as. Hundreds of climbers
will flock to that mountain every
season, many of whom don't have the
depth of experience to legitimately
be there. Generally, the deaths that
we see on the big mountains are
inexperienced climbers, whereas solo
climbers, more often than not, they
are the highly experienced climbers,
pushing themselves to the very
boundary of what is considered to be
human endeavour and endurance, and
we don't often see accidents coming
in from those climbers. More often
than not, it is the more
inexperienced climbers, who are
often part of a team.
We must leave
it there, but thank you very much.
Stay with us on BBC World News.
Still to come:
The Arctic blast hating America's
east coast looks likely to continue
into the New Year, with some of the
lowest temperatures seen in decades.
This is BBC World News Today.
I'm Ben Bland.
The latest headlines:
Police in Iran have been in
skirmishes with demonstrators in a
third day of anti-government
protests. Demonstrators were on the
streets of a number of cities
despite warnings from the goverment.
A Mississippi sheriff says
the United States has a "national
problem" with how it treats mental
health patients in
the justice system.
Greg Pollan was speaking
after an investigation by the BBC
and ProPublica into the case
of Tyler Haire.
Haire - who had a long history
of mental health problems -
was in jail for almost four years
without trial while
waiting to be assessed.
He is now serving a seven-year
sentence for stabbing his
This is his story.
We have some good memories of Tyler.
He was very loving.
But we had problems
with Tyler when he was
probably six months old.
He started medication
when he was four.
He had generalised
suffered mood swings.
I remember telling him
goodbye, and I loved
him, and hugging him.
And that was the last time
that I saw him until
he was in jail.
This call is from a
I remember coming out
of the bedroom and giving
him a glass of water.
That's all I remember about that.
I received a phone call from
the county Sheriff's office, and he
tells me Tyler has stabbed someone
with a ten inch butcher knife.
All I can keep replaying
in my mind was,
Tyler Haire was ordered at
the beginning of this case to have a
mental evaluation conducted,
and it took four years.
The roadblock was that there
was never a bed for him,
to put it literally.
There was never a time
that he worked his way to the
top of the list, where he was
the next person scheduled to be
The problem is across the street
with our legislature.
They don't properly
fund that forensic
unit, don't provide enough
psychiatrists, enough personnel.
I think that at some
point, some court
is going to force us
to spend more money,
and it'll be a federal court.
Imagine putting a 16-year-old child
that is already mentally disabled
into that little cell
for four straight years.
I can't even imagine the things that
went through his mind.
When incarcerated, the seriously
mentally ill should be seen by
health care professionals,
and their needs tended to.
That story was a collaboration
between the BBC and ProPublica.
You can watch the full documentary
on the BBC News website.
Just log on to BBC.com/news.
People around the world are
preparing to mark the arrival of
2018, many city celebrating with
open-air concerts, street parties
and fireworks, but in Europe, after
Islamist attacks in the last 12
months against civilian targets,
particular attention is being paid
to public spaces. Live music,
wine-tasting, festive decorations
and good food - all the vital
ingredients in Romania for a great
party. But the tune in other
European capitals as they prepare is
so far more sombre. France has seen
over 230 people killed in attacks by
Islamist militants in the last three
years. The pyrus chief police says
his forces prepare for the terrorist
threat, which he assessed as high.
Over 10,000 police and emergency
service workers are to be deployed
in the capital, with a large force
concentrating on the Champs-Elysees.
Large areas of central Rome will ban
cars for parking for 48 hours, and
the main two wrist sites will have
special protection. Celebrations at
Berlin's Brandenburg gate are
expected to attract 1 million
partygoers, but the authorities face
an additional challenge: Two years
ago, hundreds of women were robbed
and sexually assaulted New Year's
Eve in Cologne and other cities by
groups of men, many said to be from
migrant backgrounds. This year,
Berlin police say that women who
feel threatened will be able to go
to a special security area.
TRANSLATION: It is a Red Cross point
that was always there that is taking
on additional duties. If any woman
is harassed, they can go to a team
of trained psychologist, but it is
not a women's own. Critics say that
large events should be organised so
that us. Happen in the first place.
What is not right is
that young women are attacked in
public places, especially at
celebrations. But that's it.
say that they intend to party
I feel pretty safe, not
scared. I think it is fear that
scares people, and I don't think...
You can't let that ruin your life.
David Kemp annihilate, BBC News. --
Chelsea were three up after just a
few minutes. It is now four defeats
in a row., who are just two points
above the relegation zone.
Manchester United could have an
issue after Romalu Lukaku was
stretchered off with a head injury
as they were held to a goalless draw
with Southampton at Old Trafford.
Jose Mourinho confirmed that Zlatan
Ibrahimovic will be up on month
through injury. United slipped to
third in the table, 14 points behind
Manchester City, who play on Sunday.
Jose Mourinho was disappointed with
the referee for not giving a penalty
from what he felt was a deliberate
We played enough to score
goals. Of course, we missed easy
chances. But I'm really unhappy with
the penalty. Not with Craig's
performance overall, but with the
Virgil van Dijk was
watching from the stands at Anfield
after his £75 million transfer from
Southampton made him the most
expensive defender in the world.
Jamie Vardy gave Leicester City an
early lead, but Mohamed Salah scored
his 16th and 17th goals this season
to secure a 2-1 win for Jurgen
Swansea City arm off the bottom of
the table after beating Watford 2-1
at vicarage Road. The new manager
has a winning start to his new job
as Swansea boss.
England's cricketers have avoided an
Ashes whitewash but a win was just
beyond them in Melbourne. They have
a chance of victory but it was
snuffed out by Australia captain
Steve Smith. A day in which England
will have hoped to complete a
dramatic and exciting first victory
of this Ashes Series ended in a
somewhat anti-climactic draw because
of Steve Smith the Australian
captain who scored his third century
of this series and he has now scored
more than 600 runs in the series. He
batted Australia through to see out
a draw. England had a glimmer of
hope when David Warner tried to slog
Joe Root's bowling. It went up in
the error and gave Root a wicket on
his birthday. England then got rid
of Shaun Marsh thanks to a good
catch from Jonny Bairstow and had
real hope of getting into the
Australian lower order. The scoring
was very slow, the pitch lifeless,
and the atmosphere drained out of
the MCG. So, there won't be a 5-0
Ashes win for Australia, as two of
the previous three England trips
here have seen, but England didn't
get that morale boosting win either.
We now go to Sydney to see if
England can get that first series
win, and we will all hope it is more
exciting than this one.
Serena Williams has returned to
tennis for the first time since
giving birth to her first child. She
showed glimpses of her best form up
against the French open champion
I was a little
worried out there. I looked at my
camp and I was like, is she OK? But
it's really good. I'm excited and
it's good to be back on the court.
First matches back are always super
incredibly hard, especially after
having a baby, but it was great, and
I was glad I could do it here.
to see her back so soon. That's all
the spot for now.
Not every day you can take photos
of a frozen water fountain like this
behind me in New York.
But across vast parts of the US,
forecasters are predicting chilling
temperatures over the New Year's
celebrations, as an
Arctic blast hits.
To show you just how cold it is,
these are thresher sharks which have
washed up frozen along Cape Cod,
in the US state of Massachusetts.
Thermometers could reach the lowest
temperatures in nearly a century
over the next few days -
and stay there into
the first days of 2018.
I spoke to Michael Davies who lives
and Pennsylvania about how it is
I am in
Pittsburgh, but it is in the
negative teams or whatever. We have
had an inch or two of snow in the
last 24 hours. It's not too bad,
And you have taken
some pretty iconic photos. Tell us
about the kayak.
That is when we had
five feet of snow over the past days
since Christmas Eve. My cousins are
from Florida, and they got a kayak
for Christmas, so they took a
picture of themselves in their
swimming pool, nice weather, bathing
suits, sun shining, and so my sister
and I said, let's get the kayak and
put it in the front yard in the snow
and show them the Christmas we are
having. That is the story behind
that. We were in the yard, taking
photos and having fun with snow.
assuming you don't particularly feel
the cold very much cinema we saw the
photo enduring a T-shirt.
going to be in bathing suits, but we
knew it would be too cold for that.
We put the kayak out there, got the
picture taking, and bared the cold.
We're used to it.
How prepared for
people for this? Was at the kind of
thing they had seen before and were
they anticipating it?
usually well prepared for the snow
with salt trucks, ploughs and so
forth. We weren't that prepared for
that snow that we had, five feet in
the past couple of days, and it is
still snowing up there. The city was
shut down. Snowploughs were getting
stuck in the snow. The declaration
of emergency pin e-reader. It is
still snowing up there. -- in Erie.
We'll just wait