19/01/2018 World News Today


19/01/2018

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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Transcript


LineFromTo

A warm welcome to BBC

World News Today.

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I'm Celia Hatton.

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Our top stories...

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The clock is ticking

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No deal yet and just hours to go.

Democrats were called to the White

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House by President Trump.

We shall

have a good number of disagreements.

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The discussions will continue.

Both

sides appeared to be readying

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themselves for the blame game. We'll

look at what it might mean for the

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USA. America switches its military

focus to fighting terror to

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competing with other great powers.

We face growing threats.

Scientists

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take a major step towards the

biggest goals in medicine. A

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universal test for cancer.

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Welcome to world news today.

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We start in the United States,

where the federal government

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is on the verge of being shut down.

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If the Senate doesn't

approve new budget measures

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by midnight local time -

that's eight hours from now -

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many services will be frozen.

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The House of Representatives passed

the legislation on Thursday,

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but it's not certain there is enough

support in the Senate

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to approve it.

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Let's go live to our correspondence

in Washington. There has been some

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movement in the last few hours.

The

movement is that the Democratic

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leader in the Senate has been to see

the president at the White House to

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discuss what is happening and

discuss their differences. There has

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been some movement but there are a

good number of things they have

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disagreed on. The problem is they

have only eight hours to go until

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government money runs out and

authorisation for that federal

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spending runs out. They are looking

at various options. They are looking

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at is four or five day extension to

the budget. That is something will

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not go down well here. The other

option is a 30 day extension, which

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is undesirable in itself. That is on

the table at the moment. The

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Democrats still want some movement

on the question of undocumented

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young people, the so-called

dreamers. Other Republicans have got

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some concessions they want. The

Senator from South Dakota was a note

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yesterday and is a yesterday. I

asked them whether he thought

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President Trump actions has

distracted Congress from getting a

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deal.

He has made his own job more

challenging. While his tweeting may

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be popular with some people, it

creates controversy and that

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controversy makes it more difficult

for members of Congress to do their

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job and for him to be able to

respond, particularly if information

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is updated to him and he realises

that he has to backtrack. It would

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be nice if we could slim down the

tweeting and perhaps take more time

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and get all the details in place and

find out what is administration is

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doing to prepare issues. He has some

good nominations out there and his

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people do good work. Sometimes the

information doesn't get back to the

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president as quick as his tweets can

come out.

Are we seeing more unity

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right now among Democrats or

Republicans?

It's a good point.

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There are still Republicans who are

opposed to this continuing

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resolution of 30 day funding and

they will remain opposed. That is

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why the Republican leadership needs

Democrats onside to get the thing

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through. One has broken off and is

in a particular bind because of the

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nature of his local politics. At the

moment the Democrats are really

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insisting they want movement on the

immigration issue before they will

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agree to the funding. The

calculation that everyone is making

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is on who would lose most from a

government shutdown? Who would the

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government blamed? One factor of

influence will be federal employees

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did get paid this week so even if

there is a shutdown, people won't be

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able to get things done in those

federal offices but there isn't a

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looming paycheque that they will not

get.

Very interesting. All of this

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comes as Donald Trump repairs to

celebrate his first year in office.

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Our correspondence is in

Pennsylvania one of the key states

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he want to secure the presidency.

This is a state that Democrats

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thought Hillary Clinton was

definitely going to win. Donald

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Trump pulled a surprise victory out

of the bag, winning the state by

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less than 1%. By this is that

margins, just over 40,000 votes. He

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couldn't afford to lose many boards

here if he was to be re-elected and

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part of his success was his message

and how that resonated with white,

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blue-collar workers, formerly

Democratic supporters who live in

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areas of industrial clients and

responded to his message that he

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will bring back jobs and bring back

their dreams. How are those people

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feeling one year after the first

year in office? This is what people

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have been saying. People who are

trying to make a living. He cares

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about that kind of stuff. Some stuff

I agree with like the tax cuts and

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the working class people will stop

but I'm not a big fan of the rants

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on social media. Economic issues

really seem to be important to the

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voters that you have spoken to. How

big a win was that tax cut package

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that Trump was able to ship the Lima

usher in? People will feel the

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effects in their pay cheques. The

president said yesterday that the

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corporate tax cut is probably a

bigger deal. The slashing of the

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corporate tax rate to 22%. People

the tax cut itself, depending on how

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much you pay, lowering the corporate

tax rate. Donald Trump hopes that

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will spur economic growth. Apple has

announced that it is bringing back

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cash that it has been stashing

abroad. That is also part of the tax

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reform. Business leaders here in

Pittsburgh are encouraged by the

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corporate tax reform and hope it

will spur economic growth. As to

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whether Donald Trump gets the credit

for it, despite the fact that the

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economy is in good shape, his

approval rating is mired at 38%.

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People like some of his policies but

there is almost universal

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disapproval of his own undisciplined

social media habits. While the

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battle over the budget has been

rumbling on we have seen a

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significant announcement about the

change in military policy. The

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Defence Secretary says that instead

of past on terrorism, national

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security is now competing with other

great powers like China and Russia.

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We face growing threats from powers

as different as China and Russia are

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from each other. Pursuing veto

authority over other nations's

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decisions. No regimes like North

Korea and Iran have threatened and

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global stability. Oppressing their

own people and shredding their own

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people's dignity and human rights.

With me is a former officer and

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adviser to the government on

security issues. Thank you for

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joining us. How big an announcement

was the announcement that came from

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him today will stop what will it

mean for the shape and size of the

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military?

It is significant. It is a

strong announcement, putting the

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military at the centre of foreign

policy. It is saying that more money

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is going to go into the military,

making the military stronger. What

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it is going to do in the long-term

is open to question. There are a lot

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of myths surrounding this

assumption. That the USA is falling

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behind and needs a stronger

militarily to deal with the world.

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One of the issues is which the

statement doesn't address is that

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when Russia was and still is

insignificant in terms of military

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power five years ago, it did so

through what is called hybrid

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warfare. That problem is a problem

that needs to be cracked

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diplomatically and militarily. This

increasing expenditure is coinciding

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with a gradual decrease in

expenditure on the State Department

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and other aspects of US foreign

power. Another area where this

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policy is dangerously overlooking is

the fact that, during the Cold War

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the US was weaker than the Soviet

bloc. What that meant was that...

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Now we have. We would have even more

if this policy was in pretty

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implemented. If a war will take

place, all we're doing is reducing

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the time before China or Russia

decide to go nuclear. This conflict

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between China, Russia and the US

needs more than just military

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hardware or... It needs strategic

thought. It doesn't appear that

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anything in this policy is

addressing these issues.

Thank you

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for joining us. An organisation in

Syria and Iraq says that US attacks

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killed 3900 civilians. The group

believes the two figure could be

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higher than 6000. The Islamic state

militants were crushed in a series

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of major battles last year. Let's

take a look at some other stories.

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Russia has denied withdrawing its

forces head of a suspected Turkish

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attacked

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forces head of a suspected Turkish

attacked. The Russian Foreign

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Minister has said these reports have

been refuted. The number of

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Venezuelans fleeing a severe

economic crisis has jumped by more

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than 60% in the last six months.

Officials say more than 550,000

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Venezuelans are now living in

Colombia, mostly illegally. It is

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putting pet

pressure on the

government to provide them with food

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and shelter. Some good news for you

now. Scientists say they've taken a

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step towards reaching one of the

biggest goals in medicine. A

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universal blood test for cancer.

Ultimately they are hoping to design

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a test that can catch early cancer

and save lives. It is ten years

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since she was diagnosed with

pancreatic cancer.

It is rare for

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anyone to survive that long. There

is no screening programmes of

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tumours are usually found too late.

A blood test would make a big

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difference.

If we can get more

people diagnosed sooner like me, it

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is going to make me feel a lot

happier. Only 1% survive and it is a

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lonely place. The rat many of us

around. I want that's what I want

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cancer...

Scientists say they have

made significant progress towards a

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blood test for cancer. They had one

of eight different, cancers. Cancer

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cells

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of eight different, cancers. Cancer

cells shed bits of DNA which

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circulate in the blood. The test

looked for... Overall, the blood

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test found 70%. That success rate

fell to 40%. This is when you want

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tumours detected when there is the

best chance of victory were through

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surgery. A reliable blood test for

cancer is some way off. This

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Institute in London which is

pioneering research believes it will

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come.

I am almost certain that in

the next five to ten years we will

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see test site this become much more

routine in clinical practice to

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diagnose tumours and increase the

keyword rates. -- the queue were

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rates. Each positive result would

need further investigation.

The

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burden on the NHS would need to be

weighed against the benefits of

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early treatment.

Stay with us on BBC

World News. The thousand colour

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matter per hour worked you. This

could be the future of transport.

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The people of Saigon have just

heard... I'm going home.

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Anti-apartheid campaigners say they

will carry on the protests

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throughout the tour.

He is being

held on it from charge in Bolivia.

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throughout the tour.

He is being

held on it from charge in Bolivia.

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Millions came to bathe in this spot.

A tide of humanity that is breaking

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all records.

0:17:130:17:23

The US Defence Secretary says

America is changing its military

0:17:350:17:41

policy and will now put competing

with other global powers ahead of

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fighting terrorism. The Californian

couple accused of imprisoning and

0:17:460:17:53

torturing 13 of their own children

have appeared in court. They were

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arrested on Sunday after one of

their children escaped and raise the

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alarm.

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David Turpin appearing in court

to deny torturing his own children

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and sexually abusing one

of his young daughters.

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His wife, Louise, also

pleaded not guilty.

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Prosecutors say the siblings endured

the abuse for years as their parents

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plumbed the depths

of human depravity.

0:18:310:18:32

One of the children at age 12

is the weight of an average

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7-year-old.

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Several of the victims have

cognitive impairment and neuropathy,

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which is nerve damage,

as a result of this extreme

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and prolonged physical abuse.

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The children were supposedly

schooled here in their home,

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but the district attorney said

some didn't even know

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what a police officer was.

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They were reportedly allowed

to shower just once a year

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and were taunted with food

that they were forbidden to eat.

0:19:030:19:13

They would buy food, including pies,

apple pies, pumpkin pies,

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leave it on the counter,

let the children look at it

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but not eat the food.

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About the only thing

the children were allowed

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to do in their rooms,

or chained up, was to

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write in journals.

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We now have recovered

those journals, hundreds

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of them, and we are combing

through them for evidence.

0:19:310:19:33

The 17-year-old who raised the alarm

after climbing out of the home

0:19:330:19:36

through a window had been plotting

the escape for two years.

0:19:360:19:39

One of her sisters made it out with

her but turned back out of fear.

0:19:390:19:42

This case has sent waves

of revulsion across

0:19:420:19:44

the United States and beyond.

0:19:440:19:45

The authorities say the siblings

are doing well but some of them

0:19:450:19:48

at least have almost certainly

suffered irreparable

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physical and mental damage.

0:19:500:19:57

The parents are due

in court again next month.

0:19:570:19:59

If convicted, they

face life in prison.

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James Cook, BBC News,

Riverside in California.

0:20:010:20:05

The sport.

The football legend

Pele's spokesman has dismissed

0:20:050:20:16

reports that the legend had been

taken to hospital with exhaustion.

0:20:160:20:22

He was due to travel to London for a

dinner. He is the only player in the

0:20:220:20:28

world to have won the World Cup

three times. He withdrew from the

0:20:280:20:33

event and said he was being

monitored by doctors. They have

0:20:330:20:41

called the hospitalisation reports

fake news. It is still to be

0:20:410:20:53

complicated. Quite a turnaround as

he was expected to join Manchester

0:20:530:20:57

city. He is united's manager Joseph

Marie Newell.

As everybody knows

0:20:570:21:09

that we are there. Especially when

the Arsenal manager speaks so

0:21:090:21:19

clearly like he did, there is no

point in trying to deny. But not

0:21:190:21:27

done at all.

I think he's going to

go to United will stop

0:21:270:21:36

congratulations to both of them.

They can decide whether they want to

0:21:360:21:42

play. They decide that. Good luck.

There is nothing to add. It was a

0:21:420:21:50

pleasure to be with him. And he was

going to decide to move on then I

0:21:500:22:00

wish the best.

The England striker

faced the media on Friday and

0:22:000:22:06

promised goals will stop using like

to make his debut against West

0:22:060:22:10

Bromwich on Saturday. The Hollywood

stars have been out again in

0:22:100:22:14

Melbourn. Will Smith was courtside

to watch the only Australian left in

0:22:140:22:22

the draw.

He is my favourite actor

and if one person could be in my

0:22:220:22:34

life, I would always pick him. I was

talking to him in the third set. I

0:22:340:22:40

kept looking at him. I said I have

got to break the ice and say

0:22:400:22:44

something. He was really nice and I

met him after the game and he was

0:22:440:22:48

really genuine.

The world number one

Rafa Nadal one in straight sets on

0:22:480:22:56

his way to the fourth round. She

lost in three sets. Golf. World

0:22:560:23:11

number one is four shots off the

lead. He is a shot ahead of Johnson.

0:23:110:23:21

The course was... Looking at the

leaderboard, have you guys went low.

0:23:210:23:29

I hit them all very well, I drove it

well, I give myself plenty of

0:23:290:23:35

chances and that is what I'm going

to have to do over the next couple

0:23:350:23:38

of days to win the tournament. There

wasn't many fireworks apart from

0:23:380:23:46

that put on the last. It was nice to

finish that way.

How would you like

0:23:460:23:53

to be strapped inside a pod and then

fired through it you?

0:23:530:24:04

They call it the hyperloop.

0:24:040:24:05

Our technology correspondent,

Rory Cellan-Jones, has been

0:24:050:24:07

to the Nevada Desert to see

it in action.

0:24:070:24:17

We are heading through the Nevada

Desert, north of Las Vegas,

0:24:240:24:27

for a glimpse of what its backers

claim is the future of transport.

0:24:270:24:30

This is Hyperloop, an attempt

to send passengers hurtling at

0:24:300:24:32

700 mph through a vacuum tube.

0:24:320:24:34

Many think that's far-fetched,

but this project got the backing

0:24:340:24:36

last year of Virgin,

with Sir Richard Branson

0:24:360:24:38

becoming chairman.

0:24:380:24:39

In this 500-metre test track,

they say they have shown

0:24:390:24:42

that the technology works,

though they've not yet put any

0:24:420:24:44

human beings on board.

0:24:440:24:45

I think my background in spacecraft

engineering has given me

0:24:450:24:47

the skill set to be able...

0:24:480:24:49

The head of engineering, a space

scientist recruited from Nasa,

0:24:490:24:51

sees no reason why

people might be scared.

0:24:510:24:53

The Hyperloop is a maglev

train in a vacuum system

0:24:530:24:56

or in a vacuum tube.

0:24:560:24:57

So you can also think

of it as an aircraft

0:24:570:24:59

flying at 200,000 feet,

so people don't have any issue

0:24:590:25:02

flying in aeroplanes and people

don't have any issues

0:25:020:25:04

going in maglev trains.

0:25:040:25:05

This is simply combining the two,

and it allows you to be

0:25:050:25:08

more energy efficient.

0:25:080:25:09

This isn't the only project.

0:25:090:25:12

The electric car tycoon Elon Musk,

who originally floated the whole

0:25:120:25:14

idea, has proposed a tunnel under

Los Angeles that could carry cars

0:25:140:25:17

or be transformed into a Hyperloop.

0:25:170:25:27

The Virgin Hyperloop team has said

they could take passengers

0:25:310:25:33

from London to Edinburgh in 50

minutes, or cut the journey

0:25:330:25:36

between New York and Boston

to under half an hour.

0:25:360:25:38

But making this work in the real

world will mean running several

0:25:380:25:41

of these pipes alongside each other

over long distances,

0:25:410:25:43

perhaps underground,

and convincing governments that

0:25:430:25:45

that is realistic is going to prove,

well, pretty challenging.

0:25:450:25:55

They will find it...

0:26:000:26:05

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