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This is BBC World News Today.
I'm Samantha Simmonds.
Our top stories.
Donald Trump tells world leaders -
it's America first -
but NOT at the expense
of the global economy.
What Brexit Differences?
The UK minister in charge denies
a government split on how to handle
the departure from the EU
Also in the programme.
Paris braces itself for more
flooding with water levels set
to peak this weekend.
Hello and welcome
to World News Today.
"America First does not mean
"America alone", that's the message
from Donald Trump speaking
at the World Economic Forum
in Davos in Switzerland.
He told an audience of business
and political leaders that the US
was doing "fantastically well"
and was "open for business."
But he hit out at what he called
other countries' "predatory"
Earlier, the President said
he would be prepared to apologise
for sharing social media posts
by the far-right
group Britain First.
Our North America Editor
Jon Sopel reports.
Wherever Donald Trump has gone
in Davos, the crowds
have gone with him.
And wherever the cameras have
been, the President has
been pleased to oblige.
I hope we're going to bring
back many billions of
dollars into the US.
I think that will happen.
It's already happening.
But billions of dollars is coming
back into the US and I think
that will just continue.
How much today?
Probably a lot.
And that was the theme
of his speech.
America first, yes, but an America
welcoming the world.
I will always put America first,
just like the leaders
of other countries should
put their country first also.
But America first does
not mean America alone.
When the United States
grows, so does the world.
But at the end of a week
in which the US imposed extra
charges on some imported goods
from China, he played down
talk of a trade war.
Nevertheless, there was a warning.
We cannot have free and open trade
if some countries exploit the system
at the expense of others.
We support free trade,
but it needs to be fair,
and it needs to be reciprocal.
Because in the end, unfair
trade undermines us all.
Some stood to applaud,
but it wasn't the ovation given
to President Xi of China last year.
This hasn't been a complete meeting
of minds, but then again
it was never going to be.
That said, Donald Trump has been
more conciliatory than many
would have expected,
and the audience have
reacted more warmly.
It may be that Davos 2018 turns
out to be a win-win.
And the President was in
conciliatory, almost repentant mood
over those Britain First anti-Muslim
retweets from last year that
brought him to blows
with the Prime Minister.
There's a lot they liked
about what Donald Trump said,
and who would disagree
with his central message,
that a booming US economy is good
for the global economy?
Jon Sopel, BBC News, Davos.
Well, President Trump
took a lot of credit
for the robustness of the US
economy, claiming the share-market
has risen by almost
50% under his tenure.
That's not completely accurate,
but for the Dow Jones at least,
it's a claim that isn't too far
off the mark.
Let's bring in the
BBC's Yogita Limaye,
who joins me from New York.
Welcome to you, Yogita, let's get
first, the talk about the speech
Davos, what did you make of the more
conciliatory tone that the President
Most people noticed that it
was restrained. He was going to
Davos literally after signing in the
US the approvals on the increase on
the tariffs of sodas and in some
cases it was over %, quite a lot of
money imported into the US.
Sores, that is sort of going to
largely affect countries like China
and South Korea. So the actions were
strong, quite harsh and questions
were put to him about whether or not
he would trigger a trade war, then
goes to Davos to have a speech. Not
a long speech. He stuck to the
script and when he spoke about
America no longer turning a blind
eye to unfair trade practices, it
was restrained in the sense he
talked about America first but
specifically, he said that this is
not America alone. If we grow, so
does the global economy. So it will
benefit everyone. So making a case
and defending his stance.
In terms of the message of
protecting American manufactures, we
are apacting an announcement on
Bombardier, the plane industry,
explain that to us?
right. In about half an hour we are
expecting the international Federal
Trade Commission in the US to vote
on that. The US commerce department
has told them, or recommended to
them that Bombardier jets, when they
are sold in America, that is a
Canadian company, that when their
aircraft is sold in America, they
should have a 300% tariff imposed on
them. At the centre of the dispute,
really, is a deal that Bombardier
signed with delta airlines in 2016,
where they ordered 75 jets. Boeing
777, a rival company, an American
company, they have disputed that,
saying that Bombardier was able to
sell the jets cheaper, more than 30%
cheaper than the market price
because of illegal subsidies that
they received from the Canadian
government. But Bombardier are
disputing that, saying it is not
uncommon for the companies that make
aircraft to receive subsidies from
the government simply because of the
costs involved in the operations.
And tell us about the American
economy. They have had figures but
not quite the growth that Donald
Trump was hoping for?
they were expecting that the growth
in 2017 would come in at 3% but the
number we have seen today is 2.6%.
So it misses that streak that they
were hoping for. It would have been
three-quarters of more than 3%
growth. We did hear Donald Trump
talking of successes there on the
economy, on unemployment, which at
4.1% is at a 17-year low. But many
contest this was a situation, that
this was a position that the US
economy was reaching anyway and that
the President shouldn't take credit
For example, in jobs, he spoke about
creating lots of jobs in America but
to give you a comparison, in 2016,
that was the last year of the Obama
presidency, the US economy created
2.1 million jobs, in 2017, it was
2.2 million jobs. So not a huge
increase. Unemployment, it was at
4.8%. Yes it is down to 4.1% but
many say these are underlying
factors that are there and we are
only seeing the outcome of it now.
Meanwhile back in America -
reports in several newspapers claim
President Trump tried to fire
the man investigating alleged
collusion with Russia during
the 2016 Presidential election.
It's alleged Mr Trump was only
stopped from sacking Robert Mueller
by White House advisers.
It's a claim the President addressed
head - on, in Davos.
Did you want to fire Mr Mueller?
Fake news. It's called New York
Times, fake news.
It's called New York
Times, fake news.
A short time ago I asked
the BBC's Gary O'Donoghue
who might have leaked this
information, and why?
There were stories at the time last
year that the President had
considered firing Robert Mueller,
the special counsel and since then,
what Robert Mueller has been doing
is interviewing a bunch of people,
we are told that 20 staffers from
the White House have been spoken to
by the special council and spoken to
Jeff Sessions, the Attorney General.
So it is not entirely surprising if
some of that stuff started to leak
out. We have seen the flat denial
from the President if he considered
that but what is new is the idea
that when they floated or supposedly
floated the idea last June that it
was the White House council --
council, the most senior lawyer,
that he was the one that threatened
to resign and this is the new piece
of information. It has everyone
concerned again whether or not he is
still thinking about doing that. And
Democrats have been through to
introduce legislation on Capitol
Hill that would prevent him from
doing that, even though the legal
position suggests he would have a
hard time doing it anyway.
You mention the Democrats, and there
have been some political opponents,
say if he were to fire the counsel
it woulding crossing the line and an
abuse of the perhap shall power? It
looks like he would have to get
someone else to fire him for him. It
could be the deputy general. He
could refuse to do that, then Donald
Trump could fire the deputy general
and keep firing people until he
finds someone to fire the special
counsel. But casting your mind back,
Richard Nixon fired special
prosecutor during the Watergate
affair and that didn't do him any
good at all.
Now breaking news. Canadian
pharmaceutical billionaires Barry
and Honey Sherman were murdered. The
couple were found hanged in their
home. Officers ruled out the murder,
believing Mr Sherman killed his wife
and hung her before hanging himself.
The coup's children disputed this
and hired private investigators. Now
the police say that they agree.
No-one has been charged with their
Britain's future relationship
with the European Union is again
causing tensions in the country's
governing Conservative Party.
The Chancellor of the Exchequer
Philip Hammond has suggested
the relationship post-Brexit might
only be a little different from now.
That's sparked an angry reaction
from those in the party who want
a clean break from Europe.
The minister in charge
of Brexit has denied a split
and today outlined the government's
plans for the transition period
after Britain leaves the EU.
Alex Forsyth reports.
In Teesside today, the Brexit
secretary was trying to calm
troubled waters. Surrounded by
businesses, dependant on EU trade he
promised certainty and continuity
when we leave. David Davis set out
the government's plans for a
transition period of up to two years
This is a bridge to a new future
partnership. When crucially, the
United Kingdom is outside of the
single market and outside of the
He said that there would be no
dramatic change but the UK would
start to talk trade with other
countries, or to be negotiated with
the EU but for now it is comments by
his Cabinet colleague causing
possible levels. The Chancellor
saying that there could be modest
changes but if the Cabinet can't
agree on its position, how can you
negotiate with Brussels?
politics. People debate and have
different views and diversive views
on the subject in all parties, it
doesn't mean that we don't have or
can't have a coherent and forceful
view in the interests of the United
Ministers don't always want their
divisions laid bare but the
Chancellor insisted he would back
the Government's view.
I was speaking about our trade
relationship with the EU. It is the
Government's policy to maintain the
maximum possible access to markets
and the minimum friction at our
But the businesses Brexit will
affect say that the political
discord is damaging. This car parts
manufacture in Redcar relies on
being aim to import and export to
the EU, and the boss wants a are
more clarity from the Government
about the long-term Brexit plan.
I think it has been shambolic. I
want them to get on with it. From
the contrary statements coming out
and the infighting that is happening
I don't know what they are expecting
to achieve. I don't know what the
targets are. It is just Werby washy.
Businesses like those here which
rely heavily on trade with the EU
crave certainty. I Government says
that is what the transition phase
will offer, the trouble is that the
Conservative Party cannot agree on
what should come beyond. And as
talks approach future trade
relation, what has been a packagile
truce among the Tories looks rocky.
Let's take a look
at some of the other
stories making the news.
Residents in the South African city
of Cape Town have been warned
to "save water as if your life
depends on it" to avoid
the supply being shut off.
A severe drought has seen
consumption limited to 50
litres per person per day.
Now officials are urging people
to switch off their toilet
cisterns and limit flushing
to conserve water.
Formal coalition talks
have begun in Germany
to try to break four months
of political stalemate
Chancellor Angela Merkel's
conservatives are seeking to form
a government with the country's
the centre-left Social Democrats.
Top chefs from as far afield
as the US and Japan have
attended the funeral in France
of one of the prime exponents
of their art, Paul Bocuse.
They filled Lyons cathedral
in their hundreds, dressed
in their chefs' whites,
to pay homage to a man nicknamed
the Pope of French gastronomy.
South Korean officials
are investigating a fire that
swept through a hospital,
killing as many as 40 people.
It took firefighters several
hours to put it out.
The fire is the country's
deadliest in almost a decade.
It's now emerged the building didn't
have any sprinklers -
even though it was built only
a few years ago.
Laura Bicker reports from Seoul.
Black smoke billowed
from the emergency wing,
as firefighters tried to get
to patients trapped inside.
There were nearly 200
people in the building.
Many were elderly.
Those who escaped needed
Others died on their
way to hospital, most
from smoke inhalation.
Firefighters said they did
everything they could.
TRANSLATION: We prevented the fire
from spreading to the second floor
in the early stages,
so that we could secure the second,
third, fourth and fifth floors.
As crews inspect the blackened
shell of the hospital,
it was revealed that no water
sprinklers had been installed.
This is the deadliest blaze
in a decade in South Korea,
and the government said
there would be a thorough
TRANSLATION: The president has
ordered an investigation to figure
out the exact cause of the fire
and come up with measures to prevent
more fires at building complexes,
as well as preparing support
measures to promptly cope
with the personnel and property
damage caused by this fire.
Just last month, 29 people
were killed in a fire
in a sports centre in Sejong.
An inquiry found there were too
few emergency exits,
and it had been built
with flammable materials.
Questions are now being asked
about safety regulations
in South Korea, and what needs to be
done to prevent something
like this happening again.
Laura Bicker, BBC News, Seoul.
It's been nearly four months
since the Kurds in Iraq held
a referendum on independence
for their oil-rich region.
The referendum's result came
with an overwhelming majority
voting for separation
from the rest of Iraq.
But things quickly deteriorated
from then, as the Iraqi forces took
control of the city of Kirkuk
from the Kurdish fighters.
The Kurds had felt emboldened
in recent years due to their role
in the fight against so-called
But it now seems as though they have
missed their moment in history.
Shaimaa Khalil sent this report
from Kirkuk with this report.
On the road to Kirkuk, now back in
the hands of the Iraqi forces. For
the last three years, the city has
been under the control of the
Kurdish Peshmerga fighters but then
lost it in a matter of hours a few
months ago. The Kurds here say that
they now live in fear. This is a
25-year-old actress, saying that
prospects are bleak for the Kurds
after they voted for independence.
TRANSLATION: Things were stable and
we used to feel safe in Kirkuk, then
the Iraqi Army and the popular
mobilisation forces came in October
and we live in fear since then.
We have had to leave home.
Who do you blame?
I blame the
politicians for how we ended up. Our
political leaders did not act
The once thriving
Iraqi/Kurdish region is now
suffering after the fierce response
to the referendum.
The Kurds were involved in a key
role that in the battle against the
so-called Islamic State. They
thought that they finally had their
moment but it was not meant to be.
Until recently, a Kurdish flag flew
here but it has been replaced by an
Iraqi one when the government forces
took control. Things have changed
dramatically for the Kurds after an
independent vote. What seemed an
historic moment, turned out to be a
political gamble that the leadership
took and lost. The outgoing Kurdish
President, however, remains defiant.
I said before and I
will say it again, I don't regret it
I don't regret the vote of 3 million
You say it's been successful but in
reality it has not as the Kurdish
people suffered after the referendum
and you didn't do what you wanted?
What is happening now
is the result of Baghdad and the
budget for the Kurdish people of
2014. Also, the fight against Daesh
came at an expense and the dramatic
cut in the oil prices has cost us a
lot. Remember, we
lot. Remember, we also have around 2
So why call this a failure. Many
people in the Iraqi Kurdistan are
now struggle to make ends meet.
Welders in the workshop come from
there different ethnicities, Kurds,
Arabs and Turkmen.
Like many in Iraq's Kurdish region,
they have learned to live with
conflict and sun certainty.
Hundreds of people have been
evacuated from their homes in Paris
as the city braces itself
for more flooding.
Tunnels and roads have been sealed
off and the bottom floor
of the Louvre was closed.
Residents of this suburb
in the south of the city
were among the worst affected.
It follows the wettest
January in Northern France
for over a century.
And it's not over yet -
flood waters are expected
to peak this weekend.
The BBC's Hugh Schofield has been
stepping out to bring us the latest.
For the second time in a
year-and-a-half Paris is waking up
with its feet in the water. It was
June 2016, we were reporting almost
exactly the same story - heavy rain
upstream from Paris, the train wares
of the filling up with water, and
then this mass of water coming down
here to create localised flooding
here in the 16arondissement. Here
the ground flats have been boarded
up. These were flats. People lived
here, they have had to move out.
Across here, the commuter Network
Rail work comes in. This has been
shut down as it is flooded.
And the museum, the Louvre have once
again started to move precious item
from the basement to higher levels.
Every time there is a inadequate in
Paris, they ask if this is the big
one, there is a bigger one. Like in
1910. This peaked at six metres, it
is the norm, it is not the big one.
it is not the big one.
In just under a month's time,
the winners of this year's
British Academy Film Awards
will be announced.
Incredibly, former students
from just one British School have
received ten individual BAFTA
nominations - for films
including Darkest Hour,
Star Wars and Bladerunner 2049.
The BBC's Chi Chi Izundu went
to the National Film
and Television School to meet some
of the nominees
and current students.
The 1979 release of Alien,
the first film a graduate
from the National Film
and Television School
won a BAFTA for.
Skip forward to 2018 -
studying their craft
is very hands-on.
The courses here are so practical
93% of graduates get
a job in their specialism
within the industry,
just like Jessica Jones,
who graduated in 2016,
and is now nominated for a BAFTA
that's part of the music composition
team for Darkest Hour.
Lots of people don't know about it,
and it's sort of tucked away
in the middle of the country and,
yeah, but I think it used to be
studios so it is definitely the kind
of place where you meet
lots of different people
and you learn your trade
and you meet people learning
their craft, so you'll
and producers and editors,
and I'm still really close
with all those people now.
Our island, whatever
the cost may be...
Then there's the alumni.
The school maintains links
with those working in the industry
who regularly come back
to teach, like Oscar-winning
composer Dario Marianelli.
But I think the uniqueness
of the film school is
that the composition students
will work alongside the production
students and the director
students, and the writers.
Think of every big
from the Harry Potter franchise
right through to the Wallace
and Gromit animation series.
This school and its students
have had a hand in it.
The students even get to learn how
to build a set like this.
So far, graduates have managed
to scoop ten Oscars and 129 BAFTAs,
but for the first time the school
itself will be acknowledged
for its contribution.
It's not just film
and TV production.
Gaming, animation and model-making
are also points of pride
for staff and students.
To win the Outstanding Contribution
to Cinema Award, it's unbelievable,
and it's such a vote
of confidence in the school.
You know, for 47 years we've really
worked hard to provide the people
of the future of the film,
television and now games industries.
Britain still attracts
foreign film investment,
which is largely thanks to the broad
skill base of British movie-makers
which this school plays
a crucial role in providing.
Chi Chi Izundu, BBC News,
at the National Film
and Television School.
A discount on Nutella has led
to violent scenes in a chain
of French supermarkets,
as shoppers jostled
to grab a bargain.
supermarkets offered a seventy
percent discount on the
chocolate hazelnut spread.
Similar scenes have been reported
across France, with some
being described as "riots".
Don't forget you can get
in touch with me and some