23/02/2018 World News Today


23/02/2018

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LineFromTo

I'm Geeta Guru Murthy.

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Our top stories...

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In the wake of the Florida school

shooting, Donald Trump makes

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the case for arming teachers to stop

attackers.

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It's concealed, so this crazy man

who walked in wouldn't even know

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who it is that has it.

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That's good.

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That's not bad, that's good.

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And a teacher would have shot

the hell out of him before

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he knew what happened.

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The UN Security Council prepares to

vote on a new ceasefire in Syria -

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just as Government forces continue

to target eastern Ghouta -

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where hundreds have died.

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Were you the mastermind that

cheated the Olympics?

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The man who revealed Russian doping,

now in fear for his life,

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says Russia should not be

allowed at the closing

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of the Winter Olympics.

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And how lemon and other acidic food

can damage your teeth.

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Scientists warn it's not just

about what we eat, but when and how.

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Hello and welcome

to World News Today.

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After last week's school shooting

in Florida in which 17 people

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were killed, President Trump has

called for some teachers to carry

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concealed weapons in schools.

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He was speaking to the Conservative

Political Action Conference.

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Maybe 10% or 20% of

the population of teachers, etc.

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It's not all of them,

but you would have a lot,

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and you would tell people

that they are inside.

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And the beauty it's concealed.

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No-one would ever see it

unless they needed it.

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It's concealed, so this crazy man

who walked in wouldn't even know

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who it is that has it.

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That's good.

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That's not bad, that's good.

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And the teacher would have shot

the hell out of him before

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he knew what happened.

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CHEERING AND APPLAUSE

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They love their students.

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They love those students,

folks, remember that.

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Donald Trump there. Let's go live to

Maryland at the conference. Tell us

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a bit more about what President

Trump said and what the reaction has

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been.

In terms of

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been.

In terms of the shooting, you had

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the vital that there is that went

down pretty well with this audience.

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I wouldn't say they were overwhelmed

with the idea of arming teachers but

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they certainly liked highs robust

support for the second in general.

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But the amendment that Americans use

to protect their right to own guns

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and weapons more generally.

Interestingly, highs idea about

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arming teachers has not exactly gone

down well with some teaching unions

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but also the governor of Florida, a

Republican. He is not too keen on

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that either, he proposing raising

the age at which you can buy an

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assault weapon in Florida to the age

of 21, which of course would have

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prevented the killer with getting

the weapon he used last week. But

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the debate is on this teacher arming

business and I think that will

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divide people significantly because

only one hand, Donald Trump says it

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will make schools safer and on the

other, then people will say the last

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thing America needs to combat a gun

problem is more guns.

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And if I can just turn to one other

piece of news that were just getting

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in on the news agencies, the United

States will apparently open a new

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embassy injuries of an inmate to

coincide with Israel's 70th

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anniversary. We knew this move was

coming but confirmation now of the

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timing.

That is interesting and Donald Trump

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referred to Jerusalem this morning

in highs speech and the moving of

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the embassy there and that got an

enormous cheer. It's surprising that

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they are doing it quite so quickly

because obviously they will have to

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be some pretty heavy security

arrangements for that building

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injuries along. I think they do have

a culture that there are already so

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that might be partly it. He will

stay fulfilling a campaign promise,

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there will be many people in the

republican movement, particularly

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the Christian Right, who will

welcome this enormously, but in

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European capitals and in other parts

of the world where they have been

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dry for years to help edge on some

sort of peace process, there will be

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a lot of anxiety about this move. A

lot of America's allies do not

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support the idea and of course, the

Palestinians are utterly opposed to

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it in its current form. It is going

to cause a row, there's no doubt

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about that.

Just to let you know that it is

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reported the building will be moving

to a separate annex by the end of

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2019. It is a permanent embassy,

according to Reuters. We will

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confirm that as soon as we can.

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The United Nations Security Council

is due to vote in the next hour

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on a draft resolution calling

for a humanitarian

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ceasefire in Syria.

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So far, Russia has blocked attempts

to impose a 30-day nationwide truce.

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Almost 400,000 people are trapped

in Eastern Ghouta and under

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constant bombardment

by President Assad's forces.

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The rebel-held area

is on the outskirts of the capital,

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and has been under Government

siege since 2013.

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Opposition activists accuse Assad's

forces of killing about 400 people

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in six days of attacks.

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The UN is warning of a massacre.

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Martin Patience reports

from neighbouring Lebanon.

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Another frantic

search for survivors.

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An airstrike has just hit.

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A child is brought out

of the burning building.

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But a woman is trapped inside.

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They're struggling to find her.

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Come down, come down, they shout.

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They've found her.

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In another home, another rescue.

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But for the dead,

there is no peace here.

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Even those burying a victim

are running for cover.

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More than a million Syrians have

fled over the mountains

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into neighbouring Lebanon.

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We spoke to one couple

from eastern Ghouta.

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He and his wife didn't

want their faces shown,

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fearing reprisals from

the Syrian Government.

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TRANSLATION:

I last spoke

to my cousin three days ago.

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It was terrible.

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He told me that they

were waiting to die.

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He asked me to forgive him

if I never heard from him again.

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His little boy was killed.

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He was just three and a half.

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I have not heard

from my cousin since.

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He plays me the last message

he got from his cousin.

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They are destroying Ghouta, he says.

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Please pray for us.

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Let's take a look at some of

the other stories making the news.

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There have been two large explosions

in the Somali capital Mogadishu,

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killing 18 people and injuring 20.

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The police say a suicide bomber blew

up a car near the presidential

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palace and a second blast was close

to the national intelligence agency.

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Both were followed by heavy gunfire.

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A former adviser to Donald Trump's

is expected to plead guilty today.

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He is said to be co-op rating with

the investigation and could further

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implicate members of Tron's 2016

election campaign team. Complaints

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were filed on Thursday.

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A painting by the French artist

Edgar Degas, which was stolen

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from a museum in Marseille in 2009,

has been found on a bus

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near Paris.The artwork

was discovered in the luggage

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compartment of the vehicle

at a motorway service station.

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Experts confirmed that it's

"The Chorus Singers" -

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a pastel painting said to be worth

nearly a million dollars.

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The man who exposed the Russian

doping scandal has given his first

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international broadcast interview

to the BBC.

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Evidence from whistle-blower

Dr Grigory Rodchenkov

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on state-sponsored doping saw Russia

banned from the Winter Olympics -

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and the fallout from the testimony

forced him into hiding and in fear

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of his life.

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Now living in the United States,

we interviewed Dr Rodchenkov

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from a secret location

where he said if he hadn't fled

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Russia he'd now be dead.

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Two Russian athletes at the winter

olympics have tested

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positive for doping.

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This exclusive report

is by our sports editor, Dan Roan.

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It is one of sport's

greatest scandals.

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Russian cheating reached its height

at the last Winter Games in Sochi.

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The mastermind,

Dr Grigory Rodchenkov.

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In 2015, the former head

of Moscow's anti-doping lab

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turned whistle-blower,

fleeing to the west.

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Ever since, he's been

in FBI witness protection.

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But we are on the way to meet him.

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For more than two years now,

the man at the very heart

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of Russia's doping scandal has been

living in hiding here somewhere

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in the United States.

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Finally, he's agreed to speak to us,

but such are the security concerns

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surrounding him we've not even been

told where we have to go.

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After hours on the road,

we are taken to a location

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that we are told has to remain

a secret along with

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Rodchenkov's new identity.

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If you had not left Russia,

where would you be now?

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You'd be dead.

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I would be done.

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Rodchenkov's role in Russia's

remarkable doping programme

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became the subject of

an Oscar-nominated film.

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Were you the mastermind that

cheated the Olympics?

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Yes.

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Yes.

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He said the conspiracy went right

to the top and that

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London 2012 was also targeted.

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So what does he say to British

athletes whose Games were tainted?

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I am very sorry that your career,

your biography was simply broken

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because of the systematic and

widespread cheating that was

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practised in the Russian national

team before the London Games. That's

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why I'm sitting here and telling you

the truth about what happened at

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that time.

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The Russian Government says you are

lying.

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You were cheating.

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It wasn't them, it was you.

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Russia is a country and lighting and

denying, especially in sport. I give

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you only truth.

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I give you only truth.

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Does British sport have a problem

with cheating, do you think?

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Honestly? Yes. I have some, several

extremely suspicious cases in

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British sport.

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Despite Russian claims he is part

of a western conspiracy,

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Rodchenkov's information led

to a ban from the Winter Olympics.

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168 of the country's athletes

competed as neutrals but they may

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now be allowed to march

under their national flag

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at the closing ceremony.

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The Olympic Athletes of Russia team.

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Only clean Russians were meant

to be in Pyeongchang,

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but today a second of its athletes

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at these Games, Nadezhda Sergeeva,

failed a drugs test.

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Moving forward from sport's biggest

crisis is no easy task.

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The World Health Organization has

told the BBC it's investigating

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a number of harassment claims

within the agency.

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Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus says

the recent revelations around abuse

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and harassment within aid agencies

are "shocking" but that there should

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be a "measured response".

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He's been speaking to our global

health correspondent Tulip Mazumdar

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at a Patient Safety Summit

in London.

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We're here at the Global Patient

Safety Summit where health leaders

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have been meeting to discuss how

to cut the avoidable deaths

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due to medical errors

all around the world.

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Speaking on the stage earlier

was the relatively new head

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of the World health Organisation,

Tedros Ghebreyesus, and I've been

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speaking to him about the current

controversy engulfing

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the aid sector.

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How have you found these revelations

yourself personally?

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It has been so shocking,

hearing what's been going on.

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Of course it has.

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It's very shocking.

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But at the same time, it should

strengthen our resolve to fight it.

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Clearly this is something that has

got people very upset as people

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are already withdrawing money

from Oxfam and others.

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they are so keen to what

you do on the ground,

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are you worried that this

is going to impact what

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you can do for people?

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As long as we start instituting

radical measures to address it

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in the future, I think we have

to see

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the other side also.

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Oxfam, for instance,

has done great things.

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I know it myself, I'm

from a developing country

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and I can give you many examples

where Oxfam have really done

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incredible things to help the needy.

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That is why this is so

troubling, isn't it?

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Because that trust that was there

has now been damaged

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possibly without being able

to recover from that.

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We have to see the problem properly

and address it in a way

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that we continue to do

the good things.

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So there should be a balance.

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And just to be clear,

are you doing a review

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into WHO practices to make sure

that your staff are following strict

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guidelines and protecting vulnerable

people on the ground?

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That's what I said we have been

doing and there is always

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room for improvement.

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We identified, even last week

when we checked the policy issues,

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there are some things

that we need to improve.

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The most important

thing is commitment

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to continuous improvement.

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Make it an open organisation,

transparent one, prevent

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things from happening,

that's the most important thing.

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But detect as something wrong

happens and take a serious measure.

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We are doing things

differently, as I told you.

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For instance, for the first time

in WHO, the top management,

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64% of the top management are women.

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Are you investigating any complaint

against WHO staff at the moment?

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Of course there are cases

that came from 2017

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which are under investigation.

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Most of them are harassment,

sexual, I think one place

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which is still under investigation.

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The most important thing,

I said earlier, is to

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have an open organisation

and to focus on prevention.

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And also to have mechanisms

for early detection and ways

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to protect whistle-blowers,

which we have.

0:16:200:16:28

The Nigerian president,

Muhammadu Buhari, has described

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the suspected kidnapping

of schoolgirls by Boko Haram

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jihadists four days ago

as a national disaster.

0:16:380:16:40

He said more troops had been sent

to the town of Dapchi

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to try to bring them to safety.

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It is still not clear how many

students were taken,

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but there are fears that it could be

as many as 100.

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Nigeria's Information Minister,

Lai Mohammed, said Boko Haram

0:16:500:16:54

was just trying to make the Nigerian

government look bad.

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Until students show,

all we hear from their parents that

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they are with them, we cannot

say this is a number

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of students we have.

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Give us a few more days please.

0:17:090:17:11

These are the dying

days of Boko Haram.

0:17:110:17:15

However they tend to do

is to embarrass government.

0:17:150:17:20

Their power has gone completely.

0:17:200:17:22

Their oxygen is publicity.

0:17:220:17:30

We are going to go about our top

story, the vote and so a ceasefire

0:17:340:17:41

in Syria. What do we know about the

prospect of agreement?

0:17:410:17:49

prospect of agreement?

The mood in

the building is that it seems as

0:17:500:17:54

though leaders are close. The

Kuwaiti embarrasses they are close

0:17:540:18:00

to an agreement. We have also heard

from leaders overseas saying the

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same thing so it seems we may have a

vote in favour of a draft resolution

0:18:050:18:11

on that ceasefire. This has been a

two-week long negotiation process.

0:18:110:18:16

It has been a long road to get the

parties together. First Russia said

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the draft was unrealistic and they

needed more guarantees that the

0:18:210:18:25

rebels would abide by it and you

have accusations from the likes of

0:18:250:18:29

the United States who said they were

delaying for Assad to continue highs

0:18:290:18:37

military operation. But there is a

desperate need for the ceasefire to

0:18:370:18:40

provide relief to the civilians who

are there and need aid and to get

0:18:400:18:45

out, to seek medical attention, and

they may have that ceasefire today.

0:18:450:18:50

And how have they managed a

potentially bring Russia on size

0:18:500:18:55

given President Assad has said he is

fighting some jihadi groups?

That

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was the kind of key proposal that

was wrapped into the Swedish and

0:19:000:19:05

Kuwaiti draft resolution, that RSS,

Al-Qaeda and even their associates

0:19:050:19:11

would not be included in the

ceasefire.

0:19:110:19:19

ceasefire. -- Isis. The Russians

offered several other types of

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amendments that weren't included in

the draft and diplomats say they

0:19:220:19:27

still feel it is true to the

original goals that the and Kuwaiti

0:19:270:19:32

people put forward. This has been a

two-week long process, though the

0:19:320:19:39

vote has been delayed several times

for last-minute negotiations and it

0:19:390:19:42

seems they are willing to meet

Russia halfway to get a positive

0:19:420:19:45

thought.

Thanks very much. In the

last few minutes, the president of

0:19:450:19:54

the European Council

0:19:540:19:57

In the last few minutes,

the president of the European

0:19:580:20:00

Council, Donald Tusk,

has told reporters in Brussels that

0:20:000:20:02

London's position on Brexit

is based on 'pure illusion'.

0:20:020:20:04

He made the comment at the end

of a meeting of leaders

0:20:040:20:07

from 27 EU countries,

excluding Britain.

0:20:070:20:09

One of the topics discussed at that

meeting was the bloc's joint stance

0:20:090:20:12

on ties with Britain after Brexit.

0:20:120:20:13

if the media reports are correct, I

am afraid that the UK's position

0:20:130:20:19

today is based on pure delusion.

It

looks like the cake philosophy is

0:20:190:20:27

still alive. From the very start, it

has been a key principle of the EU

0:20:270:20:34

27 that there can be no cherry

picking and now single market a la

0:20:340:20:39

carte. This will continue to be a

key principle, I have no doubt.

0:20:390:20:45

Let's speak to our correspondent

in Brussels, Adam Fleming.

0:20:450:20:49

How significant is this

intervention?

I think the first

0:20:490:20:53

thing to say is that he'll was

responding to reports of what the

0:20:530:20:59

British Government agreed as an

eight or log meeting of the Cabinet.

0:20:590:21:04

He doesn't know the British position

in detail. He will not know that

0:21:040:21:08

until he meets Theresa May in London

and he wants no until their Prime

0:21:080:21:16

Minister gives a speech detailing it

on Friday. But I think that was

0:21:160:21:24

on Friday. But I think that was a

pretty brutal put-down. When he

0:21:250:21:27

talks about the cake philosophy, he

is talking about the idea that the

0:21:270:21:31

EU has had all along, which is that

the UK cannot just pick bits of the

0:21:310:21:36

single market to stay in and leave

others to decide, it can't pick

0:21:360:21:39

which EU lows at once to follow and

then write its own lows for the

0:21:390:21:45

likes, which is the Brexit policy of

the EU and has been since last year

0:21:450:21:50

when talks started. And the way he

delivered the words as well, he

0:21:500:21:54

seems pretty glum. I wouldn't say he

was angry, but he was verging on

0:21:540:21:58

anger. I think this will be doubly

annoying for the British Government

0:21:580:22:02

because they think the big meeting

they had yesterday, with the Cabinet

0:22:020:22:07

who some of whom have different

views on Brexit, they think that

0:22:070:22:11

went very well, so I think those

comments from Donald Tusk will have

0:22:110:22:15

gone down very badly in London

tonight. This final meeting of the

0:22:150:22:23

27 leaders of the EU was meant to be

about Brexits, Donald Tusk has just

0:22:230:22:27

ensured that all the headlines

tomorrow about the meeting will be a

0:22:270:22:30

secular but Brexit.

Given as you say

we don't know what the British

0:22:300:22:35

Government position is, what do we

think the agreement was on the

0:22:350:22:40

question of Common Market, single

market access?

The phrase that is

0:22:400:22:45

doing the rounds at the moment is,

wait for it, ambitious, manage

0:22:450:22:49

divergences. I'm not entirely sure

what it means but I think what the

0:22:490:22:55

concepts are is that you have a

really close economic relationship

0:22:550:22:58

between the UK and the EU where the

UK starts off following most of the

0:22:580:23:04

EU's rolls and then over time moves

away from those roles. In some ways,

0:23:040:23:10

quite dramatically but you manage it

so that both sides manage how the

0:23:100:23:13

divergence happens to prevent any

problems. The Irish Taoiseach said

0:23:130:23:23

that it sounds like choosing which

parts of the single market you want

0:23:230:23:26

and which you want to reject, which

I was seeing, is one of the EU has

0:23:260:23:31

said is not possible all along.

An

interesting weekend. Thanks very

0:23:310:23:35

much.

0:23:350:23:38

Did you know that some fruit, fruit

teas and snacking between meals can

0:23:380:23:41

increase your chances

of tooth erosion?

0:23:410:23:43

Scientists at King's College London

found acidic food and drink

0:23:430:23:46

can wear teeth down -

especially if you snack continually.

0:23:460:23:50

The way we eat and drink is almost

as much of a factor in tooth

0:23:500:23:53

erosion as what we consume,

according to new research.

0:23:530:23:55

Here's more from our health

correspondent, Catherine Burns.

0:23:550:23:57

Just going to have a look...

0:23:570:23:59

Back in the dentist chair

even though she thought she looked

0:23:590:24:01

after her teeth well.

0:24:010:24:03

Rachel has erosive tooth wear.

0:24:030:24:05

It is when acid eats away at them

until they chip or get shorter.

0:24:050:24:09

It turns out Rachel has a bad habit

she didn't even know about.

0:24:090:24:12

When I drink normally, especially

if it's a kind of flavoured drink,

0:24:120:24:16

I just hold it in my mouth a bit

longer than the average person.

0:24:160:24:20

I think it might be the taste

or something like that.

0:24:200:24:23

I think again, that exposure

to my teeth and sitting in my mouth

0:24:230:24:27

longer than just swallowing it down.

0:24:270:24:30

As vices go, it doesn't

sound so terrible.

0:24:300:24:34

But researchers say it's bad

news for your teeth.

0:24:340:24:37

About one in six people

we found her habits like sitting

0:24:370:24:41

things really slowly or switching

the amount their mouths,

0:24:410:24:44

people tend to rinse things

around their mouths,

0:24:440:24:49

if you're doing these

behaviours on a daily basis

0:24:490:24:51

for years and years,

you can cause serious

0:24:510:24:53

damage to your teeth.

0:24:530:24:54

And that serious damage can mean

that your whole mouth

0:24:540:24:56

needs to be rebuilt.

0:24:560:24:57

It is preventable, mostly by cutting

back on acidic food and drink.

0:24:570:25:01

Some things, though,

like fruit, are generally seen

0:25:010:25:03

as the healthy option.

0:25:030:25:05

But from a dental point of view,

they can erode teeth.

0:25:050:25:11

This report mentions things

like adding a slice of lemon

0:25:110:25:14

or lime to your water,

sugar free soft drinks,

0:25:140:25:16

drinking fruit teas

and snacking on fruit.

0:25:160:25:21

Take these grapes for example,

if you were to eat ten or 20

0:25:210:25:24

of them in one sitting,

that would be one acid

0:25:240:25:26

attack on your teeth.

0:25:260:25:27

If you were to eat the same amount

on a longer period of time,

0:25:270:25:31

it would be a sustained attack.

0:25:310:25:32

So should people scrap their five

a day to protect their teeth?

0:25:320:25:39

The researchers say that's

the last thing they want.

0:25:390:25:41

But the advice is to be aware

of overall eating patterns

0:25:410:25:44

and to consider snacks that are less

acidic and high in calcium.

0:25:440:25:50

You can reach me on Twitter.

0:25:500:25:51

I'm @geetagurumurthy.

0:25:510:25:55

Thanks for watching.

0:25:550:26:04

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