11/03/2018 World News Today


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11/03/2018

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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This is BBC World News Today.

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Our top stories...

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China approves the removal of term

limits for its leader effect of

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allowing the president to remain in

power indefinitely. What has

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happened here today is highly

significant. A choreographed

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compliant rubber-stamp parliament

has removed the last limitation on

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his power.

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Colombians vote in landmark

congressional elections,

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with the former FARC rebel group

fielding candidates

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for the first time.

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Wash everything you had with you -

the message to English drinkers

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and diners in the area

where a former Russian spy

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was poisoned by a nerve agent.

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Success for the superhero film

with a largely black cast ,

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Black Panther takes more

than a billion US dollars

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at cinemas worldwide.

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Hello and welcome

to World News Today.

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In an historic move

the National People's Congress

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in China has abolished

presidential term limits.

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The vote allows the current

president, Xi Jinping,

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to stay in office beyond the end

of his second term in 2023.

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As expected the amendment

was passed overwhelmingly.

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Out of nearly 3000 delegates only

two people voted against.

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Critics argue the move gives one

person too much power and moves

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China away from a democratic path.

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Our correspondent John Sudworth

reports from Beijing.

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Xi Jinping was the first

to cast his vote for a change

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which could if he wants make him

president for life.

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The applause proof, if anyone

needed, that the result

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was a foregone conclusion.

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Out of almost 3000 delegates,

only two voted against.

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Passed, the announcer says.

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This man's hold on power is now

complete and indefinite.

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The cost of opposition

to his rule can be high.

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This woman shows the papers left

behind by her husband,

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a lawyer who recently wrote an open

letter calling for

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democratic elections.

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He is now been detained

on subversion charges.

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TRANSLATION:

He did everything

within the boundaries of the law

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and yet it is not allowed

here and now many people

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are afraid of speaking out.

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As China enacts its most profound

political change in decades,

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all public discussion

is being tightly

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controlled.

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The 2-term limit solve a problem

facing all undemocratic

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authoritarian states.

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It helps China ensure orderly

and regular leadership succession,

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what's happened here today

is highly significant.

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A choreographed, complex,

rubber-stamp parliament has

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removed the last limitation

on Xi Jinping's power.

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The director of the CIA has defended

President Trump's decision to meet

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the North Korean leader,

saying that he appreciated

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the risks involved.

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Speaking on American television,

Mike Pompeo, said the President had

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agreed to sit down with Kim Jong Un

to try to solve a problem,

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not as a piece of theatre.

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What will turn out is not about what

is someone said, this eyes has --

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have their eyes wide open and the

whole conversation the pressure will

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continue to mount on North Korea.

There is no relief in sight until

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the president gets the objectively

has set forth consistently during

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his entire time in office. Rest

assured when the president enters

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that room if Kim Jong Un lives up to

the four commitments, those major

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concessions the president will be

fully prepared for his conversation

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with Kim Jong Un.

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The polls have closed in an historic

legislative election in Colombia.

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For the first time ever,

candidates from the former

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rebel group, the FARC,

have run for Congress.

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As part of a peace accord

agreed in 2016, Farc,

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now a left-wing political party,

is guaranteed ten of

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the two-hundred-and-eighty seats.

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Live now to Bogota. I understand

with the people of Colombia some

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very mixed feelings even though this

is a real historic day.

That's

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right, these the first elections to

be held in peace after the peace

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process back in 2016. The feeling is

that the government has been

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lenient, a lot of these people,

these former soldiers should not be

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running for office yet but speak to

others and they think they should be

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a role these soldiers should be

playing in the future of Colombia.

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It is a very divided country as we

have seen. These elections are a

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first Colombia, this country has

worked hard to change direction, the

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focus now is on the vote not

violence. It is a day of first after

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more than 30 years fighting in the

jungle, the politician is hoping to

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win a seat in Congress. It is also

the first time in his life he has

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been able to vote. He is a free man

now no longer pursued by the law

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come he wants to play a part in

Colombia's future.

It is the ideal

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we fought for, he tells me try to

take part in politics in a legal and

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civilised way in a democratic way.

Many Colombians feel the government

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has been too lenient and they wanted

the fight is to pay for their crimes

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before standing for office. Colombia

is divided.

I don't support the far

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at all, people do not change

overnight.

It is the ride they have

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been given as Colombians to be

reintegrated into society.

The

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challenge they face as it is so

bound up in the country is conflict,

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nearly everybody here in Colombia

has spent most of their lives living

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in the shadow of violence, it is

hard to take them seriously as

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politicians, so accepting the FARC

will take time. They started life as

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a Marxist inspired movements

demanding land rights over half a

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century of fighting some more than

200,000 people killed and millions

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displaced when the peace deal was

signed in 20 16,000 of soldiers lay

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down their weapons but their memory

looms large.

This man was held

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hostage by the FARC to seven years,

the six the former senator was

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chained to a tree by his neck. He

did not speak to anyone in the

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tee-macro years, despite that he

thinks a peace deal was the right

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decision.

The war can never be won,

I agree with finding a way that

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enables people to lay down arms I do

not doubt that but I don't like the

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attitude of FARC, they have not

apologised to their victims.

That is

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a feeling echoed by many Colombians

by the architect of the deal says

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there is no going back.

We're having

the first time in nearly 50 years a

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peaceful election and this is

exactly what a peace project is

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about, changing the bullets for

votes. Changing the violence of

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arguments.

These elections may not

alter the political landscape

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immediately but they are in an

important first step towards

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legitimising the fighters and

finding a way forward after decades

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of war. The right wing parties are

expected to do very well in these

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elections, a feeling they are

punishing the current government for

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this peace deal that many people

feel is too lenient. It is not plain

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sailing for FARC, this is the

beginning and speaking to people

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they feel it will take generations

to change, new politicians coming

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forward to a less associated with

the conflict and less blood on the

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hands.

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Hundreds of people in the English

city of Salisbury, who visited

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the same restaurant and pub

as a poisoned former Russian spy

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and his daughter, are being advised

to wash their clothes

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and possessions, as a precaution.

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Traces of the nerve agent have been

found in both locations.

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But England's Chief Medical Officer

says she's confident there's been no

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harm to the health of any members

of the public.

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Daniel Sandford reports

from Salisbury.

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Wearing gas masks and protective

clothing, military personnel

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were spending Mother's Day

in Salisbury loading potentially

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contaminated cars onto trucks.

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Two Vauxhall vehicles had been

parked behind a church not far

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from the city centre.

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Bizarre and extraordinary

scenes once again.

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This time in a pay and

display car park in this

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historic cathedral city.

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It was the attack on Sergei Skripal

that led to the operation.

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Police confirmed traces of the nerve

agent were found in the Mill pub as

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well as this easy restaurant where

the BBC understands a table used by

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the power was so contaminated it had

to be destroyed. The Chief Medical

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Officer gave his advice to those in

the pub and restaurant on Sunday

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afternoon and Monday.

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Wash clothes, ideally

in the washing machine,

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any items that cannot be washed

and normally would be dry cleaned

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should be double bagged

in plastic until further

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information is available.

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Wipe personal items with baby wipes

and dispose of them in the bins.

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Wash hard items that cannot go

in the washing machine in warm

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water and detergent.

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Steve Cooper was in the pub

on Sunday at exactly the same time.

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He said he is getting worried.

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They haven't revealed what the nerve

agent was and what the effect

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long-term on anyone's

health could be.

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I'd like to know more about that.

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I'd like to know what precautions

I personally can take.

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Rather than just washing my clothes,

having potentially already been

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exposed, what precautions can me

and my wife tape.

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I don't think washing my phone

and my watch with baby

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wipes is going to get rid

of a nerve agent.

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Did the emergency services

respond quickly enough?

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Are you satisfied that you escalated

this incident quickly enough

0:11:040:11:07

at the beginning of last week?

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The machinery, the support,

the national advice, the capability

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and expertise was mobilised.

0:11:140:11:19

For this ancient medieval city

it has been a surreal

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and frightening seven days.

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If the suspicions proved right,

what happened here, the use

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of a chemical weapon,

nerve agent, to attack to people

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is likely to have huge

implications with Britain's

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relations with Russia.

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Daniel Sandford reporting there.

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More details on the BBC News website

regarding that story. Still to

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come... Black Panther is breaking

records, the superhero snaps up over

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$1 billion in ticket sales.

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The numbers of dead and wounded

defied belief, this is the worst

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terrorist atrocity on European soil

in modern times. In less than 24

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hours the soviet Union lost an

elderly Sikh leader and replaced him

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with a dynamic figure 20 years his

junior. We heard gunshots, he fired

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and it was petrifying. James Earl

Ray aged 41 sentenced to 99 years

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and you for parole when 90 travelled

to Nashville State prison in an

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eight car convoy. What is it fear

like to be narrowed at last? Fine,

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thank you. Will it change your life

much? I don't know, really, I have

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never been married before.

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This is BBC World News. The main

story on the programme, China has

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removed presidential term limits

from its constitution allowing the

0:13:200:13:24

current leader to remain in power

indefinitely. More on this, joining

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me is an associate professor at Yale

Law School. Thank you for joining us

0:13:370:13:42

on the BBC. I think we know why

President Xie Jin Ping would like to

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remain in power indefinitely, he

wants to keep clinging on to power

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but why now, why has this been voted

through now?

Well, there are a few

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different layers to that question.

The timing is one thing. Probably

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the best reason for the timing is

that I would imagine it caused most

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people off guard. If you're going to

consolidate power against the status

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quo and entrenched status quo you

don't want to give the opposition

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warning about this. The fact this

came as a surprise to all outside

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observers suggest it likely was in

January when it came as a surprise

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to most insiders as well. Plus,

honestly, he has enough power and if

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you can do it right now, why wait

five more years?

I will ask you

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about international relations and

what it means that but before that,

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I want to show you our viewers how

President Donald Trump reacted to

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the news before it was

rubber-stamped and voted through.

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President for life. That was another

one, he is president of life, it

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happened two days ago. And I was

joking, I was at a railway station

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but I was joking and said, president

of life, that sounds good, maybe we

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will have to try that.

Some

Americans might be pleased about

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that idea, others won't be. He was

joking, he was criticised as saying

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that but Donald Trump said I was

just joking. Is that not an issue,

0:15:260:15:30

that the rest of the world may now

look at China that was becoming

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increasingly democratic and

increasingly co-operative with the

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outside world as going backwards

rather than forwards?

I have no

0:15:380:15:44

doubt this is soft power. It arouses

suspicion especially amongst western

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European and American societies,

that said over the short to medium

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term I think foreign countries may

find that China will become a more

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stable and more predictable global

player. The reason for this is that

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now he has consolidated power he has

less incentive to play international

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tensions for domestic political

game.

Will not put President Trump

0:16:140:16:16

and Theresa May and Emmanuel Macron

in a difficult position when it

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comes to doing business with China

that effectively has in the eyes of

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some, if you look at social media, a

dictator in charge now?

To be honest

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it is not like Western countries do

not have lots of experiences dealing

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with dictatorships. And China was

not much of a democracy in the first

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place, it was an autocracy. Even if

you do away with the regular

0:16:410:16:51

tournaments, it is still the quality

of the same autocracy was before.

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I'm not sure this would add any

massive domestic political issues

0:16:540:17:01

for western countries. You guys are

used to dealing with bad countries.

0:17:010:17:07

So business as usual but with the

same person for a lot longer. Many

0:17:070:17:10

thanks for speaking to us. Now, the

sport. Harry Kane ankle injury is a

0:17:100:17:24

concern that on a manager Mauricio

Pochettino after he was taken off

0:17:240:17:27

during their 4-1 win away to

Bournemouth. The England striker was

0:17:270:17:31

injured in a first-half collision

with the Bournemouth keeper but did

0:17:310:17:35

not stop this time coming from a

goal down to move up to place.

0:17:350:17:48

Arsenal with a 31 win over Watford.

The new signings go on the score

0:17:480:18:01

sheet as they begin their mini

revival.

It was important for us to

0:18:010:18:05

win today after Milan. And it was a

difficult game like you get in the

0:18:050:18:11

Premier League and we had to battle

and we did. We had maybe jaded legs

0:18:110:18:18

at some stage but overall the desire

and spirit in the team was good.

In

0:18:180:18:24

Italy, Cerri AA, Fiorentina return

to play after the sudden death of

0:18:240:18:32

their captain. The game was stopped

on the 13th minute to pay tribute to

0:18:320:18:35

the former Italian international who

wore the number 13. The man who took

0:18:350:18:41

the place scored the game is only

goal in the 25th minute as the home

0:18:410:18:48

side won 1-0. That win took

Fiorentina up to ninth in the table.

0:18:480:19:06

Athletico Madrid cut the lead on

Barcelona to eight points after a

0:19:150:19:20

win over Celta Vigo.

0:19:200:19:23

Today it was all about the Super G

in the Alpine skiing and it was a

0:19:500:19:54

second gold for Henrietta from

Slovakia beating the Britain. These

0:19:540:20:01

games will know the name very well,

she is a French star and she has a

0:20:010:20:06

number of titles to her name and

today she won her second gold of

0:20:060:20:12

these Paralympics and seems

unbeatable as it stands. There was

0:20:120:20:15

an interesting race unfolding as

curt oak-wood from Canada denied

0:20:150:20:21

America Andrew Kirk from winning his

second gold. He finished eighth

0:20:210:20:27

yesterday in the downhill but

thrived on the Super G course. There

0:20:270:20:30

was also Nordic skiing taking place

and it was the 12.5 kilometre

0:20:300:20:35

cross-country race and this was the

race that saw North Korea competing

0:20:350:20:39

in its first Paralympic games. An

historic moment for them but also

0:20:390:20:43

the race that South Korea won their

first medal of these games. The

0:20:430:20:48

bronze so they'll be over the moon

to be finally on the medals table. A

0:20:480:20:53

busy day and more still to come in

Pyeongchang. The hosts started

0:20:530:21:07

strongly and despite seat

sin-binning is an being reduced to

0:21:070:21:10

13 players at one point Warren

Gatland Er... Site had too much and

0:21:100:21:14

reserve the Italians who have lost

16 in a row. Novak Djokovic is

0:21:140:21:24

uncorked in Indian Wells. He has

lost a first set. Some of the

0:21:240:21:34

stories coming in, we are hearing

the Syrian government assault on the

0:21:340:21:39

rebel held on clove of East and

Ginter is continuing as our strikes

0:21:390:21:43

and fierce fighting on the ground

and the Red Cross say conditions the

0:21:430:21:49

civilians are dire with the bodies

of the dead left to rot under the

0:21:490:21:52

rubble as the army tightens its grip

on the region. A private Turkish

0:21:520:21:57

plane flying from United Arab

Emirates to Istanbul bus crashed

0:21:570:22:03

near the Arabian city. All eight

passengers and three crew on board

0:22:030:22:09

have been killed. Turkish media are

reporting the passengers were a

0:22:090:22:12

group of friends returning from a

hen party in Dubai. The French far

0:22:120:22:22

right leader Marine Le Pen has

proposed a new name for our National

0:22:220:22:26

front party as she seeks to distance

it from its racist past. She wants

0:22:260:22:30

to change it to national you in.

Party members have agreed by a slim

0:22:300:22:39

margin to ditch the name.

0:22:390:22:43

The superhero film Black Panther has

now taken more than a billion US

0:22:430:22:46

dollars at cinemas worldwide.

0:22:470:22:49

The Marvel Film by Disney has been

widely praised as game-changing -

0:22:490:22:53

including by Michelle Obama -

for having a largely black cast

0:22:530:22:56

and a black director.

0:22:560:22:59

The film stars Chadwick Boseman,

who plays the crime-fighting ruler

0:22:590:23:02

of a fictional African nation

with the most advanced

0:23:020:23:05

technology on earth.

0:23:050:23:07

The film became a sensation

on social media, with

0:23:070:23:10

fans using the hashtag

'What Black Panther Means to Me'

0:23:100:23:13

to highlight its significance

for black audiences.

0:23:130:23:17

To talk about the huge

impact it's had I've been

0:23:170:23:20

speaking to Sylvia Obell,

Buzzfeed's entertainment

0:23:200:23:21

reporter from New York.

0:23:210:23:24

She first told me why it's

considered to be so ground breaking.

0:23:240:23:33

It definitely broken into the top

ten domestic gross, global grossing

0:23:330:23:39

films period. It is one of 16 Disney

films to break a billion. It is one

0:23:390:23:46

of the four from Marvel, so it has

really done well beyond the fact of

0:23:460:23:54

just the category of movies with

predominantly large black casts.

Why

0:23:540:24:01

do you think though this has caused

such a huge following, is it because

0:24:010:24:04

it is a good film or is it because

it is breakthrough particularly

0:24:040:24:08

because it has a predominantly black

cast involves weighing less

0:24:080:24:12

traditionally find black actors and

actresses?

At its core it is a good

0:24:120:24:17

movie, it is a great movie. Whether

it is a black cast or any other race

0:24:170:24:22

of caste, the movie is well made, he

did an amazing job directing the

0:24:220:24:28

movie. Everybody brought their

A-game and it has universal truths

0:24:280:24:35

that go beyond the black race. It is

really just about a great superhero

0:24:350:24:43

movie with a lot of universal truth

that connects with people across the

0:24:430:24:46

world and everybody did a great job

and that is what the point is that

0:24:460:24:51

these movies can hold their own just

like most other superhero movies

0:24:510:24:56

regardless of what race the main

characters are.

The issue is that

0:24:560:25:01

the kind of roles the black actors

tend to get our victims and

0:25:010:25:08

gangsters and small roles as well

and that is why so many people are

0:25:080:25:12

excited about this film but do you

think this is just a one-off or do

0:25:120:25:16

think we will see films that don't

actually require a black cast having

0:25:160:25:20

a mainly black cast?

Only time can

tell for sure. I think this movie

0:25:200:25:29

absolutely should show that these

are the kind of black characters and

0:25:290:25:32

actors can play bigger wider

selection of roles like any other

0:25:320:25:37

actor and definitely it should lead

to more superhero films, especially

0:25:370:25:44

more Black Panther films.

Let's hope

so. Thank you for watching and don't

0:25:440:25:48

forget you can keep up-to-date with

the latest developments on all our

0:25:480:25:51

stories online on the BBC News

website. From me and the team, thank

0:25:510:25:56

you for joining us.

0:25:560:26:04