Episode 1 The Mart


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Episode 1

Following the auctioneers at Thainstone Mart. Head sheep auctioneer Colin Slessor finds a new home for a bargain-priced orphan lamb.


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Farming is a risky business.

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SHEEP BAAS

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And when it's time to make money, the stakes are high.

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Thainstone Mart - one of Europe's biggest livestock markets.

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You want perfection, there it is. That is some machine.

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Sheep, cattle and machinery

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auctioned to the highest bidder, day in, day out.

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Farmers spend months getting ready for their big sales day...

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-You foul brute.

-..and buyers need nerves of steel to bag the bargains.

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Folk can easily get carried away.

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It's a bit of an adrenaline thing, bidding.

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Fortunes can be made and dreams can be dashed...

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..all in the blink of an eye.

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Always expect the unexpected, eh?

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Welcome to The Mart.

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This week at Thainstone...

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there's panic at the Mart as bad weather holds up sheep farmer

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-Willie Miller.

-Five inches of snow this morning,

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which I wasn't expecting.

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Husband and wife farmers struggle over the fate of a favourite heifer.

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I think it's yet to be decided whether she goes tomorrow.

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She would like to keep them all if she could have it, probably.

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But it doesn't work like that.

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And can auctioneer Colin Slessor find a home for an orphaned lamb?

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£2, quickly, or we'll pass it by.

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£2, surely. £2 for a pet lamb?

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Bargain of the day.

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LAMB BLEATS

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Lying deep in the heart of Aberdeenshire, Thainstone Mart,

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the largest farmer-owned livestock co-op in Britain.

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Hundreds of thousands of sheep and cattle are bought and sold at

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auction here every year.

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Spring is one of the busiest times in the farming calendar...

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Need four lambs yet.

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..and head sheep auctioneer Colin Slessor has his hands full,

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sizing up today's lambs.

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There's a lamb here.

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With 23 years in the auction game,

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there's not much he doesn't know about sheep.

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Which lamb there?

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And new recruit Scott Chapman has a lot to learn from the master.

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You don't get many like that.

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Scott left a career in the oil industry to begin

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training as an auctioneer two months ago.

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I wouldn't say I'm learning fast but I'd like to think

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that if he tells me something I'll remember it.

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He is listening and learning quite quickly, I would say.

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Keen to work, as well. That's a good sign.

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I don't like people leaning on gates.

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I like them with a wee bit of zoof about them.

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And Scott will need all the zoof he can muster to sort the sheep for

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today's auction. They need to pair up each lamb with its own mother.

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They're all numbered and got marks on them.

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If you sell them wrong, it's a complete, you know, mess up,

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so we've got to get it right.

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34, 34, 34.

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The numbers are a bit faded.

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There are a bit like my memory. They're sort of quite distant.

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I mean, that's obviously number... how-yah-how-yah-hah!

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-You can tell.

-25.

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25?

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I can see it easily.

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But there's more to this game than good eyesight.

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Helps when you've got wee short legs and a wide body.

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You sort of act as a gate at the same time.

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You're a physical barrier.

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Whoa!

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Whoa!

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All right there. Scott nearly got a doof on the nose with a lamb.

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It's all right. It wouldn't have been a disaster.

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He's not the best looking lad, anyway. I wouldn't worry.

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-You can't get the staff.

-Bit of a problem

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if it happens to somebody like me, but...

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If Scott can handle Colin's banter,

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then frisky lambs should pose no problem.

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Sorting sheep for sale starts on the farm

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and, like any job, is easier when the weather is fine.

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But it's been a long, harsh winter for Scotland's farmers and,

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at Tealing, near Dundee,

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sheep farmer Willie Miller is dealing with late spring snow.

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It's come at the worst time of year, lambing.

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People who are lambing outside in this last ten days

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wouldn't have been too clever.

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Cold winds chill a lamb as soon as it's born, get hypothermia.

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There has been deaths.

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Livestock do better when the sun's on their back.

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With more snow forecast,

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Willie is anxious to get his ewes and lambs off the hill as soon as

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possible. The late spring means he doesn't have enough grass

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on his 750 acres to feed all of his livestock,

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so his flock is destined for the Mart.

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The more lives I have to sell, the more money I make, basically.

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The protective new mums can be feisty,

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so Willie has had to call in his niece, Isla, to help sheepdog Jack.

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They'll often charge the dog.

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This dog, although 90% of the time he's very good,

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he's not powerful enough to stand up to a sheep that does that to him.

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At this stage, it's not easy working with sheep and lambs

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when the dog's not up to it.

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HE LAUGHS

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HE WHISTLES

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Willie lambed his first ewe at the age of eight,

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and knows when to step in

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as the sheep give Jack and Isla the run-around.

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Isla, go to the side, Isla.

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Once rounded up, they have to be sorted in batches for the auction.

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Not as easy as it sounds.

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We just need to wait five, ten minutes now,

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till each ewe finds its own few lambs again.

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But there's always a few escapees.

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And with Willie hoping to average £57 per head at the sale,

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he can't afford to let them get away.

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It can get exasperating, but you just work away at it.

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You get there.

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Catch it.

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With mums and lambs reunited, there's one more crucial task -

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colour coding.

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We're going to mark the mothers the same colour.

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So if there's any mix-ups on the lorry,

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we know which batch they're from, basically.

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Each batch will be done a different colour.

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This is probably the most important part.

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If you go to the market and buy a batch of ewes and lambs and there's

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one or two lambs in the wrong pen or gone missing, you've obviously...

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They're not going to survive without their mother.

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There's worse jobs you could be doing.

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It's all part of the job that we do.

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We breed ewes, we sell the wee lambs, hopefully get good prices.

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That's the enjoyable part. The important thing is that the guy who

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buys them has to make a profit as well.

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You know, we all have to get a bit...a cut of the cake.

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DOG BARKS

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Helping farmers to get their cut of the cake is senior Mart auctioneer

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John Angus, a man who loves this time of year.

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It's coming to turn out time with the stock, when spring arrives,

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so we get busier with the sales and that's when we get the bulk

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of the spring cattle coming out.

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So it's busy and you know fine it's going to fly in.

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In Kildrummy, Aberdeenshire,

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Charles Webster is expecting a visit from John

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before his cattle go to auction.

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I like my beasts and they like me.

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They don't speak back and they're always pleased to see you.

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Charles too has had a tough winter.

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He's relieved that spring has finally come.

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It's been a long winter, this time.

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If the weather had been more amicable with us,

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as you would put it, we'd have definitely been further on, like.

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Ideally, Charles's cattle would have been out to pasture

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at least three weeks ago.

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Previous years I was letting them out, outside,

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prior to the sale so that they're acclimatised for the next buyer.

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But this last couple of years,

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winters have been poor so they've been inside up till sale day.

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And that's meant taking a big financial hit

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for extra feed and bedding.

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Oh, straw bales can...

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Two, three lorry loads extra.

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But when you love farming as much as Charles,

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you take a £2,000 overspend on straw in your stride.

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It's my job, it's my hobby, it's just...

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-It's my life.

-Whoa, whoa, whoa, whoa, whoa, whoa.

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His wife, Alison, is every bit as

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passionate as he is about their cattle.

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-They can have it as well?

-I think so.

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They're preparing for the most important sale of the year,

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and selecting the best of the three-year-old heifers

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to sell with their recently-born calves.

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So I've seen them since day one.

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So hopefully they'll go to good homes.

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Where's that calf, Alison?

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Last year, the Websters did really well at the sale

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but the market has recently slumped.

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A lot of it is down to cash flow this year.

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There just seems to be a general lack of it circulating,

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and when farmers have money, they spend money.

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This is going to be one of the difficult years

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for selling, I think.

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Nervous wouldn't be the right word.

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Apprehensive might be more like it, like, ken?

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And it's not just losing money that Alison's worried about.

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This is one of my favourites. This is 726.

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I think it's yet to be decided whether she goes tomorrow.

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She's really quiet.

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She'll lie in the field with you

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and you can sit down with her and she's very docile.

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She would like to keep them all if she could have it, probably.

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But it doesn't work like that.

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You have to just look at it as a business sort of type of thing.

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It's just...

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They're here for a purpose, to be sold.

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Well, how are you doing today?

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It's fine to see the sun shining, isn't it?

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It is much, much better.

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Auctioneer John Angus will be selling the cattle.

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Are you happy with them this year?

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-I am, aye.

-I'm happy with them.

-Aye.

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And they're strong. Tremendous beast...

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-But they're in first.

-Well, she's a good one to start with.

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This is what we've been working on for the last three years.

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-For three years, yes, aye.

-Three years.

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This is when the payday is, tomorrow, then,

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for the three years' work.

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The cattle are looking really well, the heifers and calves.

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They're big, strong. The calves have a bit of power about them.

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I think it will be between £2,000 and £2,500...I think.

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But there's still the question of heifer 726.

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It's which of these do we keep, which of these do we sell.

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Charles decides to let sentiment get the better of him.

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-Pick her out.

-Really?

-No, no, she'll be our cow.

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He's submitted.

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Oh, you're spoiled. Oh, lass, you'll have to come out of here.

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Decision made, it's time to say goodbye

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to the chosen heifers and their calves.

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I'm being quite honest.

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No, I didn't enjoy seeing them going in a lorry to go away.

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It's not an enjoyable experience, selling beasts.

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Because you're at the mercy of the buyers.

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They dictate what your income is.

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At the Mart, Colin Slessor and his team are preparing

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for a sheep auction.

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There is some tremendous lambs in there.

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There is a lamb there with a tremendous back end.

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About as wide as me, which is fairly wide!

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Behind the scenes...

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Get on!

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..George Donald is in charge of the team who ensure

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the sheep are at the right place at the right time.

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They're always watching for things that can go wrong,

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rather than enjoying the moment.

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It's a bit stressful, but, at the end of the day, when things go well,

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you think, "Well, that was a job well done."

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George has spent all of his working life with sheep

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and even he is astonished by the scale of the operation at the Mart.

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The busiest day we had last year was just about the first week I started.

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It was about 8,500 that day.

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We were quite busy that day.

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With 21 loading bays, over 500 pens and a site covering 30 acres...

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Get on!

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..George and his staff walk miles every day.

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I average about 13.

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On sales days, that can double.

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You have to pace yourself.

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You can't go flat out all day.

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Amongst the thousands of sheep and lambs here today,

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there are a few without a mother.

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Well, what we've got here is a couple of orphan lambs.

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You know, some of the breeds,

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the ewes are very prolific and they'll have triplets,

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so what they do is they sometimes remove one of the triplet lambs,

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just to leave the ewe with two.

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She'll make a good job of the two lambs

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and there won't be a runty wee lamb left behind.

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If a foster mum can't be found, they can end up with Colin.

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You know, they can make just £2 or £3, £4, £5.

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A strong lamb can make a bit more.

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I would say these lambs will sell fine.

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It's a specialist job.

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At a starting price of just £5, lot three is still a tough sell,

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even for Colin.

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Lot number three. What do you say for that? Pet lamb.

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Five. Two. £2. £2 quickly or we'll pass it by.

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£2, surely.

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Two bid. Lady's bid. Two. £2 for a pet lamb?

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Bargain of the day.

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At £2, it's going to be sold.

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At two.

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Three. Four.

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£4. £4.

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Lot three's new owner is farmer's daughter Lorna Edward.

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She only came to the Mart to watch her dad sell his cattle,

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but wandered into the sheep ring for a wee look.

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Very much an impulse purchase, yes.

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They're always best purchases, as you say.

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Thanks very much.

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It just came in the ring and it looked like a bit of a bargain,

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so I thought, "There's a few at home,

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"so it could just come and join some at home," so...

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It was cute. You couldn't let it go past.

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Cute it may be, but when Lorna gets home,

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she'll have some explaining to do.

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In the pens, another youngster has just arrived at the Mart.

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-Dad, I can see them, look.

-Oh, yeah.

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Young Jack Thompson is here all the way from Orkney

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to sell his best friend.

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This is my calf. His name's Toofey.

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When we were cleaning out the cows, I used to hug him.

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And when I was cold,

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I used to cuddle up to him and he warmed me up.

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It's nine-year-old Jack's first time at a sale

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and he hasn't acquired an older former's business instinct yet.

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Whatever he makes, I'll be happy with it.

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However, he does want Toofey to go for more

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than any of dad Hamish's cattle.

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He's here to sell eight of his herd

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and doesn't want to be bested by his nine-year-old.

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50, 60, 70. 75...

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What was it?

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£770, a respectable figure.

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And it gets better for dad Hamish as

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the highest price for his stock comes in at £850.

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50.

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It's now down to Toofey to help Jack beat it.

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And it doesn't take long. How high can Toofey go?

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885. Nine. 910.

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910 bid.

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What was it? 910.

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That's right. 910.

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Nine...

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Ten.

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Well done, Toofey. That's one in the eye for dad.

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My cow made the most out of all of them.

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For Jack, it's his first paycheque as a farmer.

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That's my one.

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But there's more to life than just money.

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-Are you happy?

-Yeah.

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Back in the pens, there's time for one last goodbye.

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Where's my cow, where's my cow?

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Toofey! Hi, boy.

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Goodbye.

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Bye, boy.

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Bye-bye.

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It's goodbye to Toofey.

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But, sadly, not to winter.

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Just when everyone thought spring has arrived,

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the weather has turned again.

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Hey, hey!

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It's 10.20 at the Mart and there's a panic on.

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Willie Miller's sheep sale begins in ten minutes

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and he's only just arrived.

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Five inches of snow this morning, which I wasn't expecting.

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The heavy snow held him up.

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That's them coming in, Willie, aye?

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-Yeah.

-And Colin still has to separate his sheep into lots.

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-Divide into four.

-OK.

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OK. Just two lots to split.

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Green neck and red rump.

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There's two lots gone.

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Just this one. That's all right, all right. Get down.

0:17:560:18:01

Willie's hoping for at least £57 per head,

0:18:010:18:04

but he's concerned the bad weather will put off customers.

0:18:040:18:07

I very nearly cancelled because I thought

0:18:070:18:10

the buyers won't be in a positive mood for bidding.

0:18:100:18:13

I could have just cancelled and brought them next week.

0:18:130:18:15

You never know. You only sell them once.

0:18:150:18:17

They may be dearer next week, cheaper next week, so...

0:18:170:18:19

They're here anyway, it would suit me to sell them today.

0:18:190:18:23

Willie's attention to detail with the spray paint

0:18:240:18:26

means the sheep are easy to split.

0:18:260:18:29

I'll see you up there, Willie. See you up there, OK?

0:18:290:18:31

But Colin's got to get a move on if he wants to start the sale on time.

0:18:330:18:37

No, we're fine. We'll make it.

0:18:450:18:47

OK, good morning, ladies and gentlemen, good morning.

0:18:550:18:57

We start with the ewes and lambs.

0:18:570:19:00

All sold so much per head.

0:19:000:19:02

OK? Mr Miller's here.

0:19:020:19:05

He had a wee bit of a rush to get here this morning.

0:19:050:19:07

-The snow was on, you said?

-Aye.

0:19:070:19:08

The lambs and their mothers are sorted in the nick of time,

0:19:080:19:12

but will anyone be interested?

0:19:120:19:14

Willie wants well over £55 for each of the animals in the ring.

0:19:140:19:18

50. 40 bid.

0:19:180:19:21

£40. 41. Two.

0:19:210:19:24

Three. Four. 44.

0:19:240:19:26

44 bid.

0:19:280:19:29

Five. 46. 47. 48.

0:19:290:19:31

49. 49 bid.

0:19:310:19:35

Come on, spend them up here. £49.

0:19:350:19:37

You want to get good lambs? 50.

0:19:370:19:39

£50 bid. £50 bid.

0:19:390:19:41

£50 bid. Anybody else?

0:19:410:19:43

I'll sell them. At £50, away now.

0:19:430:19:45

One.

0:19:450:19:46

51. 52. Three. 53. 53.

0:19:460:19:51

They're away. 53.

0:19:510:19:52

53, Nichol.

0:19:520:19:54

Mr Nichol.

0:19:540:19:56

£53 each, way below what Willie wanted.

0:19:560:20:00

He'll have to do better with his mother and twin lambs.

0:20:000:20:02

60. 50.

0:20:040:20:06

40 bid.

0:20:060:20:07

Two. Four. Six.

0:20:070:20:08

Eight. 50. Two.

0:20:080:20:10

Three. Four.

0:20:100:20:11

Five. 55.

0:20:110:20:14

Who's going now? Six.

0:20:140:20:15

57. 58. 59. 60.

0:20:150:20:20

61. 61. 62.

0:20:200:20:23

I'll tempt you back. They're going to be sold.

0:20:230:20:25

62. They're away, sir.

0:20:250:20:27

62. Away at 62. 62. Singer.

0:20:270:20:31

Mr Singer.

0:20:310:20:33

£62 a head.

0:20:350:20:37

And when Colin secures prices in the 60s for the remaining lots,

0:20:370:20:41

it makes Willie's snowy trip worthwhile.

0:20:410:20:44

-Thank you very much, Colin.

-That's all you've got.

0:20:440:20:46

Thank you, sir. OK, Mr Miller, thank you indeed.

0:20:460:20:48

We move on. Who have we got now?

0:20:480:20:51

I think I got on quite well, to be fair.

0:20:510:20:53

The ewes, the single lambs are a wee bit less.

0:20:530:20:55

Don't know why, really.

0:20:550:20:57

But there was only 19 lambs there,

0:20:570:20:59

but I had more than 100 of the other, of twins.

0:20:590:21:02

So I was making £60, £62.

0:21:020:21:06

It gives you a wee lift to keep going

0:21:060:21:08

and keep farming and keep carrying on, you know.

0:21:080:21:11

It's somebody else's responsibility to make money out of them now.

0:21:110:21:14

Willie's ewes and lambs sold for a grand total of £11,500.

0:21:160:21:22

Averaged 59.50, which was £2, £3 more than expected, so, very good.

0:21:220:21:27

The work never stops at Thainstone and with a new day comes a new sale.

0:21:340:21:40

Shut that to prevent breakaways.

0:21:400:21:43

Yard supervisor Robbie Cruickshank is preparing

0:21:430:21:46

for today's cattle auction and with 3,000 gates to deal with...

0:21:460:21:50

..he's up and about early doors.

0:21:510:21:55

You're better to get going in the morning.

0:21:550:21:57

And hour in the morning is worth two at night.

0:21:570:22:00

But this morning there's a problem with one of the gates.

0:22:000:22:04

A broken hinge, like, so, it'll be

0:22:040:22:06

fixed before I can get cattle in here.

0:22:060:22:09

We don't want beasts breaking away the day of the sale.

0:22:090:22:12

We'll get the boys onto the job. Always expect the unexpected.

0:22:120:22:17

And as far as Robbie's concerned, one broken hinge is one too many.

0:22:170:22:22

Can make a difference between stock

0:22:220:22:24

being in the right place and the wrong place

0:22:240:22:27

or somebody getting hurt or cattle getting hurt, as well.

0:22:270:22:30

It was a cow that did the damage in the first place.

0:22:300:22:33

It was just a fat beast from yesterday

0:22:330:22:35

just happened to stand on the gate and it broke a hinge.

0:22:350:22:37

-Job done.

-The sale can go on.

0:22:410:22:44

There are 400 livestock auctions at the Mart every year

0:22:500:22:53

and auctioneer John Angus is gearing up

0:22:530:22:55

for one of his biggest sales of the season.

0:22:550:22:57

This is really the main breeding sale of the spring.

0:22:570:23:00

This is the first. This is the cream of the stock today.

0:23:000:23:05

It's also the most crucial sale

0:23:050:23:07

of Charles and Alison Webster's farming year

0:23:070:23:10

and the stress is beginning to show.

0:23:100:23:13

Where's...?

0:23:130:23:15

Oh, she's in the pen in the corner.

0:23:150:23:17

With the sale due to start in little over an hour,

0:23:170:23:20

they're anxious to get their animals looking as good as they can.

0:23:200:23:23

Right, that's OK.

0:23:230:23:24

Just clean the worst dirt off.

0:23:250:23:28

I like to see them looking their best.

0:23:290:23:32

It's been a lot of work to get them to this stage.

0:23:330:23:36

The sale's the most important bit.

0:23:360:23:38

This is just to show our wares.

0:23:380:23:40

Charles and Alison are aiming for an average of 2,500.

0:23:430:23:47

But the market for cattle has recently been in the doldrums.

0:23:470:23:51

Prices have baulked from last year.

0:23:510:23:54

I just hope it's enough to pay the bills

0:23:540:23:56

and meet the rent, which is due.

0:23:560:23:58

Prices are less good than we were expecting, like,

0:23:590:24:01

so a wee bit of nerves.

0:24:010:24:02

1,500. 15.

0:24:030:24:05

It's time for Charles to sell

0:24:050:24:07

and even John Angus has his reservations.

0:24:070:24:10

What am I going for today?

0:24:100:24:12

Well, I'd like them at 2,500, but I can't see

0:24:120:24:17

-me getting it today.

-No.

0:24:170:24:20

And as predicted, things get off to a slow start.

0:24:200:24:23

2,000. To start with.

0:24:230:24:27

At 2,000. 2,250. 2,250 bid.

0:24:270:24:30

2,250. Three.

0:24:300:24:34

2,400 bid.

0:24:340:24:36

2,400. 2,400.

0:24:360:24:39

All done.

0:24:390:24:40

Mr Fraser, Wester Clune.

0:24:400:24:42

That's 100 less than the Websters need and not enough to cover all

0:24:420:24:46

that extra straw bought in because of the long winter.

0:24:460:24:49

And with the next pair, things get even worse.

0:24:500:24:52

At 2,350 bid. 2,350 to Maggie Dalton.

0:24:520:24:56

That's poor, as well.

0:24:590:25:02

But things finally start to get better...

0:25:020:25:04

-26. Mr Bunsen.

-Oh, very good.

0:25:040:25:08

..and better...

0:25:080:25:09

2,657. 27. 27. 27 to Maggie.

0:25:090:25:14

..and better.

0:25:140:25:15

2,800's bid.

0:25:150:25:16

2,800. 800. Maggie Whiteside.

0:25:160:25:21

Not quite as bad as we thought it would be, is it?

0:25:210:25:24

No.

0:25:240:25:25

And it's smiles all round for Charles now.

0:25:280:25:30

That concludes it. Thank you very much.

0:25:300:25:33

His heifers have averaged £2,530 each for their efforts.

0:25:340:25:38

A great result.

0:25:380:25:39

Good price. I couldn't actually tell you. I had to look at the ticket.

0:25:400:25:45

It was the same buyer. If they're buying the beasts...

0:25:450:25:49

Repeat buyer, so it's a good thing. So they must...

0:25:490:25:51

You're dealing with folk coming back, needing them again.

0:25:510:25:54

I'm happy. I'd better go and find Alison, see if she is pleased, like.

0:25:550:26:00

Alison's already in the Mart office,

0:26:020:26:04

working out what to do with the money.

0:26:040:26:06

That's nine.

0:26:060:26:08

I'll only get a passing glance at the money

0:26:080:26:10

because there are so many bills we have to pay,

0:26:100:26:13

so I see it with this hand

0:26:130:26:14

and it goes with this hand to the next person.

0:26:140:26:16

Start again for next year.

0:26:160:26:19

Now, that's fine. Thank you very much.

0:26:190:26:21

40 miles from the Mart at the family farm near Keith,

0:26:310:26:35

a sheepish Lorna Edward is

0:26:350:26:36

explaining her latest purchase to her mum, Dorothy.

0:26:360:26:40

£4 for an orphan lamb?

0:26:450:26:48

This is my friend that I bought at the Mart.

0:26:480:26:51

-And you bought it because?

-I felt sorry for it.

0:26:510:26:55

It needed a home.

0:26:550:26:56

And it was quite cute looking. Got in for a wee cute lamb.

0:26:570:27:01

Mum's reaction was, "Oh, for goodness' sake, Lorna."

0:27:030:27:08

So nothing new there really, just the usual.

0:27:080:27:11

-So...

-And what did Mother say? Probably I'll feed it.

0:27:110:27:15

Well, Mum's at home more often than I am.

0:27:150:27:18

So, what's one more when there's three, you know?

0:27:180:27:21

It was an impulse buy, you know, just a spur of the moment thing.

0:27:240:27:27

And then you think about it after.

0:27:270:27:30

It's a bit of an adrenaline thing.

0:27:300:27:32

Once you start, you know, it's when to stop.

0:27:320:27:35

Folk can easily get carried away.

0:27:350:27:38

I think she's happy in her new home.

0:27:400:27:41

They're never as happy as what they are with their mothers.

0:27:410:27:44

At least she's got company now and she's not just herself.

0:27:440:27:47

Next time on The Mart -

0:27:550:27:57

the Spring Rare Breed Sale, with all creatures great and small...

0:27:570:28:02

in the ring...

0:28:020:28:04

and in the car park?

0:28:040:28:05

Rare breeds, there's always some escapes, I'm afraid,

0:28:050:28:08

and it looks like it's goats this year.

0:28:080:28:10

Trainee auctioneer Scott steps into the box for his big break.

0:28:110:28:15

Eggs for sale today, boys.

0:28:150:28:16

And cattle buyer Jim bidding big bucks on some beautiful backsides.

0:28:180:28:23

A nice sort of shape about them.

0:28:230:28:25

A nice back end. I've had a look at them.

0:28:250:28:27

But so has everybody else, that's the problem.

0:28:270:28:29

Head sheep auctioneer Colin Slessor finds a new home for a bargain-priced orphan lamb. Charles and Alison Webster need auctioneer John Angus to sell their heifers and calves for enough money to pay their bills. And there's a panic on as sheep farmer Willie Millar battles a late spring snowfall to get his lambs to auction.

Narrated by Grant Stott.