09/01/2017 Outside Source


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09/01/2017

Ros Atkins with an innovative take on the latest global stories.


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Hello. Welcome to Outside Source. Donald Trump is planning to keep it

:00:10.:00:20.

in the family. He wants his son-in-law Jared Kushner to become a

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senior adviser at the White House. We are starting to get details of an

:00:26.:00:30.

operation against Islamic State in Syria. There have been protests

:00:31.:00:35.

outside the Turkish parliament over plans to give the president more

:00:36.:00:43.

power. We will explain his arguments and those against. We will also

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update you on the cold snap in Central and Eastern Europe.

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Thousands of refugees and migrants are getting caught up in this, as

:00:53.:01:02.

well. Also, Cyprus may be on the road to unification. We will tell

:01:03.:01:06.

you how it might work and whether it could happen.

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Donald Trump is planning to appoint his son-in-law as a senior adviser.

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It's expected to be announced this week. Jared Kushner is married to

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his daughter if anchor Trump. America does has an antimatter that

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is law. It was introduced in 1967. Evidently, Mr Trump doesn't believe

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his choice contravenes this. Is that a widely held view? While it might

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be unusual, it is not illegal. I wouldn't say it was widely held. A

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lot of ethics lawyers have said this law covers the White House in

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addition to the executive office outside the White House agencies and

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Cabinet. If you look at the language, it says agency, the White

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House might not be an agency. It is a grey area that the Trump team

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seems to be exploiting. Jared Kushner is a real estate investor

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and he may well have met a Chinese firm with close connections to the

:02:32.:02:36.

government and they discussed a development in Manhattan. Nothing

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wrong with that if you are a businessman but it gets more

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competitive if you are advising the president. The same concerns have

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been brought up against Donald Trump with his far-flung real estate

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empire. Jared Kushner has had a lot of investments in New York and he

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has to divest some of the conflict interest laws that don't apply to

:03:03.:03:07.

Donald Trump but do apply to him. The question is whether he will do

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enough to avoid these conflicts of interest. What about the process of

:03:12.:03:16.

approving the choices Donald Trump has made. The Democratic Senate

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leader is not happy with the pace of hearings. He says, ... Jamming them

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into a couple of days makes no sense. They need a thorough and

:03:30.:03:34.

thoughtful betting. Clearly, he is on the other side of the political

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divide. Is it unusual the way this has been scheduled? A number of

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Obama cabinet picks were confirmed on inauguration day but there is a

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strategy here by the Republicans. They are going harder than past

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administrations have, trying to jam a bunch of hearings into the same

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day. Two tomorrow, another four on Wednesday with hopes that opponents

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can't focus on one particular nominee and have them make

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headlines. In fact, Donald Trump is holding his press conference on when

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state and that will dominate the headlines rather than these

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hearings. One of the most political websites in the US was previewing

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the people Donald Trump is bringing in and it used the phrase, a motley

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crew of political neophytes and would-be insiders". How would you

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categorise this new establishment? It is a strange blend. To call it a

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motley crew but then include literal insiders like congressmen price and

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Jeff Sessions who is going to be Justice Department Attorney General,

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combine them with Stephen Bannon, A conservative media personality.

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Folks who have hitched their stars to Donald Trump's wagon early and

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are being rewarded. It is a restructuring of power in

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Washington, DC. Trump has his own people and the establishment here

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will have to adjust to it. The question is whether they can adjust

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to Washington. A lot of them don't know how things work here yet. We

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appreciate you taking as through it. We will be talking to Anthony again

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later in the sports section. In the BBC newsroom, a story is allocated

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to a journalist who writes it up and files copy so different outlets,

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radio, TV, digital can use the copy to inform the stories they tell. We

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spotted this not long ago from Sebastian Usher. It is about the US

:05:47.:05:51.

confirming special forces have mounted a raid against so-called

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Islamic State. He is telling is that the raid was on a Sunday and in the

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east of Syria. We can call our journalist right in the middle of

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work. Sebastian Kehl et al is more. We have had confirmed in the past

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few hours that the raid has happened. We haven't had much more

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detail. The raid took place on Sunday in this area that is largely,

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controlled by IS. The elite force was tasked with going after the

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leaders of IS and intelligence gathering. Activists on the ground

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have reported that around 25 jihadists were killed in the

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operation. Others have said it is a gross exaggeration. Eyewitness

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reports in the past day or so have said that the operation began on

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Sunday afternoon, at least four helicopters were involved. The

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special operations forces were parachuted down and they may have

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intercepted a car that they believed to have IS leaders in it. There is

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some dispute what happened after that. Whether it was a case of

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taking out and killing those jihadists or whether some were

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captured and taken away from the country. The Pentagon spokesman has

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denied that anyone was taken. There has also been a source that has said

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that there is a prison which may have been targeted and prisoners may

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have been held by IS that have now been released. There have been very

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few operations like this in the conflict. They tried one in Raqqa a

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Fuser go -- a few years ago but it didn't work and those involved

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either died or were executed. Officials in the USA have said that

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it is usual not to make a big fuss about it but we will wait to see

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what else comes out. I am surprised they have told us. I think they had

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to because so much has come out. Also, in terms of PR, the US has

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become a bystander in Syria having previously led from the front. The

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Russians have really come to the forefront. I think the US would like

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to remind Russia and the rest of the world that they are very much

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involved in the battle against IS and they have suggested that the

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Russians aren't as interested in that as they say they are. This will

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be useful for them to make that point. Thank you for that, Sebastian

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Kehl. In a few moments, we will turn to Central and Eastern Europe where

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cold weather has claimed a number of lives. Thousands of refugees are, in

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some cases, living in tents which is of course causing grave concern.

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Here in the UK, Theresa May has set out a new strategy to improvement of

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health services in England. She says it is time to bring a transformation

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in attitudes towards psychiatric issues. To change the way we view

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mental illness is so striving to improve mental well-being is seen as

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natural, positive and good are striving to improve physical

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well-being. For too long, mental nurse has been a hidden injustice in

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our country, shrouded in a completely unacceptable stigma and

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dangerously disregarded as a secondary issue to physical health.

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Left unaddressed, destroys lives, separates people from each other and

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deepens the divisions within our society. Changing this goes right to

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the heart of our humanity, to the heart of the kind of country we are,

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the attitudes we hold and the values we share.

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Life here in the BBC newsroom. Our lead story comes from Washington.

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Donald Trump is planning to appoint a son-in-law Jared Kushner as a

:10:15.:10:18.

senior adviser to the White House. Some of the major stories from the

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World Service. Israel has held the funerals of force or just killed in

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a lorry attack in Jerusalem on Sunday. Israeli officials say they

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believe the driver was a supporter of Islamic State. In Iran,

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preparations continue for the funeral of the former president.

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Thousands of people are expected to turn out. He died on Sunday at the

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age of 82. It's not been much fun trying to get around London today. A

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24-hour tube strike resulted in chaos for commuters. 114 of the

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city's Underground stations were closed. At least 20 people have lost

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their lives because of the cold in Central and Eastern Europe. Here are

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the pictures that have come into the newsroom in the last few hours. This

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is atrocious conditions in Serbia. Migrants are trying to get into

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warehouses to shelter. Temperatures have been as low as -28 degrees in

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Belgrade. In Istanbul, traffic has been snarled up, flights cancelled,

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disrupting thousands of passengers and commuters. These are pictures

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from the Greek island of Lesbos. They are not easy to make out under

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the snow but there are lots of tents in these camps and refugees are

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living in them. There are concerns for the people's welfare for those

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who are having to call them hold in these conditions. This is the Red

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Cross. The situation is really bad. We have double the amount of people

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the islands can accommodate. People are living in, not in decent

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conditions for this winter, nor in general. So, yes, they are suffering

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and the situation is quite bad. These tents that the people are

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living in our very much ad hoc or temporary in nature. There's not

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enough space to put full containerised camps in place. The

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heating itself creates problems. The fire risks when people start burning

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whatever they can find to keep them warm is also an issue. They should

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we moved out from the islands as soon as is in. A great deal of focus

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on the forecast. The good news is the worst is past. We have to look

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at the Jet stream. Fast wins six miles up in the atmosphere, a big

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undulating, meandering pattern that allows warm air to get up into the

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Arctic and cold air to plunge into the Mediterranean, in this case.

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Over the last 24 hours, we've seen that supply of cold air cut-off. We

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have a pool of cold air sat over Eastern Europe at the moment but

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they by day it is going to get a little bit less cold. Time for

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business, starting in Detroit where the motor show is underway.

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Particular interest in where companies are making cars, all

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because of Donald Trump's sharp criticism of countries investing in

:13:53.:13:59.

Mexico. That is precisely what BMW is doing. It doesn't seem worried by

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what the reaction might be. Here is one of its executives. We have

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strong relationships with governments around the world. The

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car industry is a global integrated industry in many countries and as a

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result we have those relationships in place and this plant in Mexico

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will come on stream in about 24 months from now at the start of

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2019. Where we supply product to from that plant remains to be seen.

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We are very flexible. It is part of global capacity rather than one that

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will ultimately only supply one or two markets. It will supply many,

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many markets for the three series product. BMW settled on its plans.

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Free at Chrysler has some other news. Very different from BMW. Fiat

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Chrysler has announced 2000 jobs here in the United States investing

:15:06.:15:10.

$1 billion to revamp production of some of its big cars and trucks in

:15:11.:15:15.

Ojai and Mitch Egan. That comes on the heels of the Ford announcement

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last week that they are not going to be in Mexico but putting money here

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in the United States. That really drew praise from President-elect of

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Trump and says it is part of the reason his America first policy that

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these companies are putting money in manufacturing here in the United

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States. I can see some tweets about a VW executive being charged. A

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momentous moment. VW had this massive emissions scandal last year.

:15:59.:16:04.

The US Justice Department has arrested one executive. Here in the

:16:05.:16:11.

United States. He was charged for his role in the emissions scandal.

:16:12.:16:16.

This is really significant because it was an executive that was charged

:16:17.:16:23.

but because the public had faced criticism during the financial

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crisis for not holding executives of banks responsible for their role in

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the crisis, we are seeing that the Justice Department is really going

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after VW executives. Thank you very much indeed. Over the last week, we

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have been reporting from the consumer Electronics show in Las

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Vegas. Chinese firms have been very visible. It's fair to say that there

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was a time when the reputation for Chinese firms was for copying

:16:57.:17:04.

Western companies and producing cheap knock-offs. This is changing.

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This show defines the trends for many years to come. Chinese

:17:12.:17:15.

companies are determined to be seen as innovators and not imitators.

:17:16.:17:26.

This began life as net flicks for China but is now diversifying into

:17:27.:17:32.

hardware. They have moved into the US market. It is putting its brand

:17:33.:17:36.

on everything from electric cars to smartphones. We went from not making

:17:37.:17:43.

televisions to being the number one supplier in the US market. We are

:17:44.:17:48.

here showcasing our North American products. Another Chinese company

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building momentum, now the third biggest smartphone maker in the

:17:58.:18:01.

world. Last year, the company was handed a gift when Samsung suffered

:18:02.:18:10.

a setback. The disastrous note seven phone that was catching fire in

:18:11.:18:17.

people's pockets. Was that an opportunity for you? It gave as

:18:18.:18:24.

absolutely more opportunity to be in the markets. In the past, Chinese

:18:25.:18:31.

companies had a reputation for dealing ideas and copying them. Is

:18:32.:18:33.

that true? Despite the relentless optimism

:18:34.:19:04.

there are reports that LeEco is struggling to pay its bills. And

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there are some signs that it is still copying Western design. I

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wouldn't actually say that. There is a lot of innovation in our products.

:19:19.:19:24.

Western companies have found it difficult to break into China but

:19:25.:19:28.

the reverse journey may be easier with quality design and cheaper

:19:29.:19:32.

prices and Chinese firms providing a real challenge to the West's egg

:19:33.:19:43.

players. -- egg players. -- big players. Ten years ago, Apple

:19:44.:19:58.

launched the iPhone. Here it is. The shiny new iPhone unveiled here. You

:19:59.:20:05.

can go on the Internet, use e-mail, even play film and video. Who would

:20:06.:20:15.

queue up at 7am on the streets of San Francisco? Apple fans, that's

:20:16.:20:21.

who. One wants to know the latest products as soon as they are

:20:22.:20:27.

announced. The man who revived the company wasn't about to undersell

:20:28.:20:32.

the event. We are going to make history today. Steve jobs has spent

:20:33.:20:40.

years wondering if you could combine a phone with the iPod. Now, he has.

:20:41.:20:49.

It is supposed to bring Apple design and computing skills to a whole new

:20:50.:20:57.

generation. You might think it's just another new phone but Apple

:20:58.:21:00.

fans were almost hysterical with excitement. That was our report ten

:21:01.:21:12.

years ago. Rory has a blog post today reflecting on it, he was

:21:13.:21:17.

worried he might have exaggerated its importance but time has proved

:21:18.:21:24.

him right. Cyprus has been divided since 1974 but today talks started

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in Geneva and they may change that. The original split was caused by

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Turkey invading. The Turkish edit was in response to a coup by Greek

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Cypriot nationalists. Whichever way you look at it, this is what we have

:21:40.:21:44.

ended up with. Northern Cyprus home to Turkish Cypriots and the southern

:21:45.:21:51.

to Greek Cypriots. There seems to be optimism this time. Here is the UN

:21:52.:21:56.

special envoy for Cyprus. We have two leaders, one in the south and

:21:57.:22:03.

one in the North who really want this to work. They have faced many

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obstacles and still have some to face but they have demonstrated a

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degree of will and leadership that we haven't seen for a long time in

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the Cyprus and that is the main reason. The second reason is the

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neighbours including Greece and Turkey appear to be willing to help

:22:25.:22:29.

even more this time. I will be frank and say that I don't think everybody

:22:30.:22:35.

will go along with them. This is dividing communities. There are

:22:36.:22:40.

strong voices on both sides actively arguing against reunification on

:22:41.:22:45.

nationalist grounds. But there is a real potential for these leaders,

:22:46.:22:50.

once they have struck a deal, if we are successful here and in the

:22:51.:22:54.

coming period, that they will be able to convince the majority it is

:22:55.:22:56.

the right thing to do because there is also tiredness and fatigue in the

:22:57.:23:02.

island over the internal division that most people have been

:23:03.:23:07.

experiencing for most of their lives. Rebecca grew up in the

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southern part of Cyprus. If these talks are to succeed what are the

:23:16.:23:21.

main obstacles to overcome? The first one is territory. The endgame

:23:22.:23:25.

is to hopefully have a federation with two states in the Cyprus. The

:23:26.:23:30.

car is the Greek Cypriot population is a lot bigger than the Cypriot

:23:31.:23:35.

Turkish population, there is an understanding that the Greeks would

:23:36.:23:39.

have to gain some territory so they would have two figure out the line

:23:40.:23:44.

where that would fall. The second issue is property. It is really

:23:45.:23:49.

emotional. In the south of Cyprus, everybody knows families who had to

:23:50.:23:53.

flee their land. The question of compensation for that has always

:23:54.:23:56.

been a big sticking point. The third one is also very feeble Ryall.

:23:57.:24:04.

30,000 Turkish troops in the north of Cyprus. The Turkish Cypriots want

:24:05.:24:08.

them to stay, the Greek Cypriots do not. Fourth, the Turkish Cypriots

:24:09.:24:20.

want a rotating presidency. What would happen at the end of the

:24:21.:24:26.

Geneva part of the process? Hopefully, if the Turkish Cypriot

:24:27.:24:29.

leader and the Greek Cypriot leader make headway on those issues, the

:24:30.:24:35.

UK, Turkey, and Greece would join the talks. That would then go to

:24:36.:24:40.

referendums amongst each community in Cyprus. Do people in Cyprus want

:24:41.:24:51.

this to happen? It is very divisive. Liberals on both sides have been

:24:52.:24:57.

trying to promote by communal ties. On both sides, you have those who

:24:58.:25:02.

don't want it to happen. They have been accused of fear mongering.

:25:03.:25:08.

Moderate Cypriots on both sides have real concerns. They are related to

:25:09.:25:13.

security and what would become to Cyprus in the international order

:25:14.:25:16.

after this. The main thing is, Cypriots have been here so many

:25:17.:25:21.

times before. They need to wait and see what the settlement by the

:25:22.:25:27.

before they take their decision. You can get much more background on why

:25:28.:25:31.

Cyprus became divided and why people think it could be brought back

:25:32.:25:35.

together on the BBC News app and website. A reminder of the lead

:25:36.:25:42.

story, it's understood that Donald Trump intends to appoint his

:25:43.:25:46.

son-in-law Jared Kushner as a senior adviser at the White House. Albee

:25:47.:25:50.

back with you in a couple of minutes time. -- I will be back with you.

:25:51.:26:08.

There's been a lot of weather happening right the way around the

:26:09.:26:15.

world in recent days. In the southern Thailand, severe

:26:16.:26:17.