11/01/2017 World News Today


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11/01/2017

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Hello and welcome, this is BBC World News Today

:00:00.:00:07.

Donald Trump faces the media over his relationship with Russia. There

:00:08.:00:19.

are suggestions intelligence agencies could have leaked false

:00:20.:00:23.

information that Russia has come promoting detail about him. I saw

:00:24.:00:28.

the information and read the information outside the meeting. It

:00:29.:00:30.

is fake news, it is phoney, it didn't happen. His choice for US

:00:31.:00:36.

Secretary of State has also faced questions. Rex Tillerson said Russia

:00:37.:00:42.

did pose a risk but Washington weakness created the problem.

:00:43.:00:48.

The number of migrants seeking asylum in Germany has

:00:49.:00:51.

We report on how refugees living in camps in Greece are coping.

:00:52.:01:07.

So, Donald Trump's first press conference in six months,

:01:08.:01:14.

and his first as President-elect - and it was highly unusual,

:01:15.:01:17.

The event had been scheduled for Mr Trump to announce how

:01:18.:01:22.

he will handle his vast business empire while President.

:01:23.:01:25.

Instead, it was dominated by allegations carried by some

:01:26.:01:27.

US media organisations that his election team

:01:28.:01:34.

colluded with Russia and that there were videos

:01:35.:01:36.

of his private life held by the Russian security services.

:01:37.:01:39.

Our diplomatic correspondent, James Robbins has this report.

:01:40.:01:42.

Donald Trump is nine days away from inauguration as president and

:01:43.:01:45.

America's commander-in-chief, but his path to the White House is now

:01:46.:01:47.

tangled in extraordinary controversy.

:01:48.:01:51.

What role might the Kremlin under President Putin have

:01:52.:01:56.

played to help Mr Trump to undermine Hillary Clinton and perhaps also

:01:57.:01:59.

uncover compromising material to use against President Trump

:02:00.:02:01.

My friend and the President-elect of the United States

:02:02.:02:07.

This afternoon Donald Trump was blunt.

:02:08.:02:14.

The allegations against him are totally untrue,

:02:15.:02:16.

It's all fake news, it's phoney stuff.

:02:17.:02:20.

And it was gotten by opponents of ours, as you know,

:02:21.:02:28.

because you reported it and it and so did

:02:29.:02:30.

many of the other people, it was a

:02:31.:02:32.

group of opponents who got together, sick people, and they put

:02:33.:02:35.

In shadowy work both to promote Donald Trump and also gain a

:02:36.:02:49.

Here he is visiting the Russian capital in 2013 for the Miss

:02:50.:02:53.

Universe pageant, then co-owned by Mr Trump.

:02:54.:02:56.

The most lurid claim is that he used the same hotel suite

:02:57.:03:02.

which President Obama had stayed in for unusual acts involving sex

:03:03.:03:04.

workers, all allegedly recorded by Russian spy

:03:05.:03:06.

I was in Russia years ago with the Miss Universe contest, which did

:03:07.:03:13.

very well, in the Moscow area, did very, very well.

:03:14.:03:15.

And I told many people, "Be careful."

:03:16.:03:20.

Because you don't want to see yourself on television.

:03:21.:03:22.

And again, not just Russia, all over.

:03:23.:03:31.

Does anybody really believe that story?

:03:32.:03:32.

The source for the unproved claims are said to be a former

:03:33.:03:40.

British spy, an ex-MI6 officer once based in Moscow.

:03:41.:03:43.

Today President Putin's spokesman said the

:03:44.:03:45.

allegations were pulp fiction, a clear attempt to damage relations.

:03:46.:03:51.

Mr Trump said he is in no way compromised by Putin's

:03:52.:03:54.

preference for him as the next president.

:03:55.:03:56.

If Putin likes Donald Trump I consider that an asset,

:03:57.:03:58.

We have a horrible relationship with Russia.

:03:59.:04:02.

I don't know if I will get along with Vladimir Putin.

:04:03.:04:10.

I hope I do, but there is a good chance I

:04:11.:04:13.

And if I don't, do you honestly believe that Hillary would

:04:14.:04:19.

The press conference got most heated when CNN, one news

:04:20.:04:31.

organisation which covered the latest allegations extensively,

:04:32.:04:32.

You are attacking our news organisation, can you give

:04:33.:04:42.

I'm not going to give you a question.

:04:43.:04:48.

He also used the occasion to talk about legal

:04:49.:04:53.

documents turning his businesses over to his family.

:04:54.:04:57.

It is his response to accusations of future

:04:58.:04:59.

But the controversy surrounding Donald Trump

:05:00.:05:02.

Those who voted for him and those who

:05:03.:05:11.

rejected him all know his presidency will be a stormy one.

:05:12.:05:19.

The BBC has known about these allegations for some time but

:05:20.:05:24.

decided to report after it became clear the US intelligence agencies

:05:25.:05:28.

were taking them seriously enough to brief the president and President

:05:29.:05:29.

elect. Our North America correspondent

:05:30.:05:31.

Paul Wood has been following this He told us more about

:05:32.:05:34.

the allegations against Mr Trump. It was commissioned

:05:35.:05:37.

by an opposition research company, funded by a Democratic party donor

:05:38.:05:46.

but written by a British former MI6 agent and he spoke to members

:05:47.:05:49.

of the Russian security service, the FSB, paying them for information

:05:50.:05:51.

and several FSB officers told him

:05:52.:05:56.

there was a blackmail tape. I understand the CIA believes

:05:57.:06:00.

this is credible and That is not the same

:06:01.:06:02.

as endorsing it and saying it But I passed a message to the case

:06:03.:06:06.

officers dealing with this file through an intermediary

:06:07.:06:15.

and the message coming back was there was more than one take,

:06:16.:06:18.

audio as well video and it was more than one date

:06:19.:06:25.

in more than one place, not just the presidential suite

:06:26.:06:27.

at the Ritz-Carlton Moscow, In addition it is not just the MI6

:06:28.:06:29.

officer who is the source for this. I was told by a retired spy

:06:30.:06:34.

in August that the head of an East European intelligence

:06:35.:06:38.

agency had told him also of the existence

:06:39.:06:39.

of a blackmail tape on the Republican

:06:40.:06:41.

presidential candidate. Having said all that,

:06:42.:06:42.

these are allegations. Mr Trump is literally

:06:43.:06:45.

correct when he said so The BBC's Rajini Vaidyanathan joins

:06:46.:06:51.

us live from Washington. An extremely heated conference at

:06:52.:07:04.

times but did Donald Trump effectively dismissed the four Rory

:07:05.:07:07.

over the allegations and turn the conversation back to what he wanted

:07:08.:07:14.

to talk about? -- the storm. He tried but reporters in that

:07:15.:07:17.

conference continue to ask questions about unverified reports about his

:07:18.:07:21.

relationship with the intelligence community and indeed his business

:07:22.:07:26.

dealings, which originally was the reason why he hosted this news

:07:27.:07:30.

conference in the first place. I think some of the key takeaways from

:07:31.:07:34.

bad news conference are when it comes to those three areas I

:07:35.:07:38.

mentioned, the relationship with Russia, with his business dealings,

:07:39.:07:43.

and the intelligence community, it all just shows how unpredictable the

:07:44.:07:49.

presidency is going to be. Take the intelligence community. It really is

:07:50.:07:53.

unheard of for an incoming president, a President elect to have

:07:54.:07:57.

such language towards the intelligence community who he is

:07:58.:08:01.

supposed to work with. In that conference he said if they were

:08:02.:08:05.

found to have leaked information it would be a blot on the intelligence

:08:06.:08:09.

community. He did not mince his words in that respect. In other

:08:10.:08:15.

areas he was certainly in a trademark sense very forthright in

:08:16.:08:21.

the way he addressed some of the concerns, certainly around Russia

:08:22.:08:25.

and the intelligence community. Tell us about what he has said he will do

:08:26.:08:28.

with his large business empire and how reassuring his plans will be for

:08:29.:08:32.

those who worry about a conflict of interest. That was always the

:08:33.:08:38.

concern. Mr Trump said he will hand control of his company to his two

:08:39.:08:44.

sons. But notably his daughter will no longer have any dealings with the

:08:45.:08:50.

Trump industry is moving to Washington, DC and her husband is

:08:51.:08:54.

going to be one of Mr Trump's advisers. Many people will say it

:08:55.:09:00.

does not go far enough. Some people say he should have sold off his

:09:01.:09:04.

business assets to avoid a conflict of interest. In the news conference

:09:05.:09:09.

there was a bizarre moment when one of his lawyers took over from him

:09:10.:09:16.

and set out some of the ground work for his business dealings and showed

:09:17.:09:20.

piles of paper and documents and in that conference try to address some

:09:21.:09:26.

of those concerns. She said there had been more conflict of interest

:09:27.:09:31.

if Mr Trump sold off some of his companies, because there would be

:09:32.:09:35.

issues in terms of receiving the royalties from those businesses.

:09:36.:09:40.

Others say he should have put some of his industries into a blind

:09:41.:09:44.

trust, that is not going to happen either. In effect at the end of four

:09:45.:09:50.

or eight years he can take over the company again from his sons. And

:09:51.:09:55.

briefly if we have thought a press conference might indicate soaring

:09:56.:09:58.

relations between Donald Trump and the media, we were wrong. Yes but he

:09:59.:10:05.

did start by thanking members of the media who had seen those reports and

:10:06.:10:11.

the unverified reports of calls, and not gone with them and publish them.

:10:12.:10:17.

But even before Mr Trump came on his adviser and spokesperson Sean Spicer

:10:18.:10:22.

and then Vice President-elect Mike pence laid into the media in their

:10:23.:10:28.

trademark style, saying the media is biased, the mainstream media, and we

:10:29.:10:35.

keep hearing a lot about fake news. Even in Mr Trump's Twitter. It sets

:10:36.:10:40.

the tone for the relation the media is likely to happen with the Trump

:10:41.:10:44.

administration going forward. And CNN of course could not even ask a

:10:45.:10:47.

question in that conference. Thanks very much.

:10:48.:10:49.

We'll be back live in the US a little later in this

:10:50.:10:52.

programme to talk about another marathon questioning.

:10:53.:10:54.

At a Senate confirmation hearing, Donald Trump's choice

:10:55.:10:57.

for Secretary of State, Rex Tillerson, has been

:10:58.:10:59.

trying to calm fears about his relationship with Moscow.

:11:00.:11:05.

There's been a dramatic drop in the number of migrants seeking

:11:06.:11:08.

Official figures released by the Federal Office for Migration

:11:09.:11:13.

and Refugees show that 280,000 claimants arrived there last year,

:11:14.:11:16.

The German interior minister Thomas de Maiziere said that the decrease

:11:17.:11:24.

was due to the closure of the Balkan route and the migrant deal

:11:25.:11:27.

Our correspondent Jenny Hill has this assessment from Berlin.

:11:28.:11:34.

It is tempting first of all to imagine the German government

:11:35.:11:36.

Because these figures represent a real reduction in the number of

:11:37.:11:43.

Bearing in mind the year before nearly 900,000 people arrived in

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That triggered not just social disquiet but huge

:11:50.:11:54.

These figures are not only a significant

:11:55.:12:04.

reduction but actually come much closer to what some of Angela

:12:05.:12:06.

Merkel's critics have called for, an annual upper limit of 200,000

:12:07.:12:09.

On the one hand there is I think a sense of relief here.

:12:10.:12:14.

But even ministers admit there are huge challenges ahead.

:12:15.:12:21.

First of all there are still hundreds of thousands

:12:22.:12:23.

outstanding asylum applications and then there's the business of trying

:12:24.:12:29.

to integrate the people granted leave to stay and those who

:12:30.:12:32.

This is an election year for Germany.

:12:33.:12:35.

Angela Merkel's government has to persuade

:12:36.:12:36.

a pretty nervous German electorate that not only can integration happen

:12:37.:12:40.

successfully but it can also identify any potential terrorists

:12:41.:12:42.

who have managed to come in with that migrant influx.

:12:43.:12:50.

I think also any sense of triumph might be

:12:51.:12:54.

tempered by the fact that actually this reduction in numbers has very

:12:55.:12:57.

little to do with any kind of domestic policy.

:12:58.:13:00.

Angela Merkel's government has toughened its asylum

:13:01.:13:04.

policy gradually but the reason these numbers are down is twofold,

:13:05.:13:11.

first it is to do with the fact those countries in the so-called

:13:12.:13:14.

Balkans route closed their doors to migrants,

:13:15.:13:19.

in effect sealing off the

:13:20.:13:26.

major route through Europe into Germany and ministers I think

:13:27.:13:30.

also are painfully aware that this reduction,

:13:31.:13:33.

very much reliant on that deal struck tween the EU and Turkey.

:13:34.:13:37.

They do not really know if it is going to hold together.

:13:38.:13:41.

At the moment it is doing so but it is precarious.

:13:42.:13:43.

The winter freeze in Europe is hitting migrants particularly hard.

:13:44.:13:46.

In some areas temperatures dropped to as low as

:13:47.:13:48.

The BBC's Howard Johnson has travelled to two refugee camps just

:13:49.:13:54.

outside the Greek capital Athens, to see how people there are coping.

:13:55.:13:57.

I have just arrived at the refugee camp here.

:13:58.:14:31.

There is an impromptu demonstration here against the conditions

:14:32.:14:41.

We would have a look inside ourselves but we

:14:42.:14:45.

Apparently there's a blanket ban on media filming

:14:46.:14:48.

It's not like people didn't know winter was coming.

:14:49.:15:17.

It comes every year, just like clockwork.

:15:18.:15:19.

In this particular camp, the only winterisation that's been

:15:20.:15:29.

done as far as infrastructure has been done by us.

:15:30.:15:33.

We built the first floor so we could move the families

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in from the tent and basically none of the large organisations

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could manage to do anything with the infrastructure.

:15:40.:15:52.

I am good because I have five blankets.

:15:53.:15:54.

The girls and boys fighting with the snow.

:15:55.:16:26.

Now a look at some of the day's other news.

:16:27.:16:30.

Italy's Prime Minister, Paolo Gentiloni, is recovering from

:16:31.:16:32.

He fell ill on his return from a meeting with

:16:33.:16:36.

His office said he was awake and in touch by phone.

:16:37.:16:40.

Mr Gentiloni was due to meet the British Prime Minister,

:16:41.:16:43.

Volkswagen has pleaded guilty to criminal charges and will pay over

:16:44.:16:57.

$4 billion to settle the test rigging scandal. They admitted in

:16:58.:17:02.

2015 to installing software in hundreds of thousands of cars to

:17:03.:17:06.

cheat emissions tests. Lawsuits are still ongoing in Europe.

:17:07.:17:08.

Norway's attorney-general has told a hearing that the imprisoned mass

:17:09.:17:10.

murderer, Anders Breivik, has to be kept in isolation to stop

:17:11.:17:14.

him spreading far-right ideology and inspiring further attacks.

:17:15.:17:19.

The state is appealing against a lower court ruling that

:17:20.:17:22.

keeping Mr Breivik isolated breached his rights.

:17:23.:17:28.

French Police investigating the robbery of the reality TV

:17:29.:17:30.

star Kim Kardashian, have released three people including

:17:31.:17:32.

More than $10 million of jewellery was stolen in the raid

:17:33.:17:40.

Police are considering whether it was an inside job.

:17:41.:17:48.

The UN envoy for Cyprus says talks in Geneva to reunify the divided

:17:49.:17:51.

The country's Greek and Turkish leaders have come together

:17:52.:17:54.

after several failed attempts at reunification.

:17:55.:17:56.

In an exclusive interview, our correspondent Selin Girit has

:17:57.:18:02.

been speaking to the Turkish-Cypriot leader, Mustafa Akinci.

:18:03.:18:04.

After numerous attempts at peace falling one by one over two decades,

:18:05.:18:12.

that is what many people call Cyprus.

:18:13.:18:15.

But could there be an end to the conflict inside?

:18:16.:18:18.

Turkey's Cypriot leader Mustafa Akinci told me the time has

:18:19.:18:22.

We need to set up a united federal country now,

:18:23.:18:27.

It is high time that we are able to create a better future

:18:28.:18:39.

for our younger generations to develop culture, federal culture,

:18:40.:18:41.

Cyprus has been divided along ethnic lines since 1974,

:18:42.:18:54.

when Turkey occupied the northern third in retaliation

:18:55.:18:56.

The Turkey-Cypriot state, founded in the north,

:18:57.:19:03.

is recognised only by Ankara, whereas the Greek-Cypriot state

:19:04.:19:05.

Peace talks are currently under way in Geneva

:19:06.:19:11.

Security, the presence of the Turkish military

:19:12.:19:15.

on the island, a rotating presidency between two communities,

:19:16.:19:18.

just some of the biggest concerns, but Mustafa Akinci doesn't

:19:19.:19:20.

If we try to speak about peace and so on and so forth,

:19:21.:19:27.

of course this might create suspicion in the minds of other

:19:28.:19:32.

people, saying that, oh, the Turkish side has other plans,

:19:33.:19:35.

We will do our best with all our determination.

:19:36.:19:45.

If you go again to the referendum and you get another vote

:19:46.:19:55.

from the Greek Cypriots, of course you cannot do this.

:19:56.:19:59.

Mustafa Akinci believes that this could be the last opportunity

:20:00.:20:02.

The younger generation, I believe that they will not focus

:20:03.:20:09.

on a federal setup in the future, because they are growing far apart,

:20:10.:20:13.

they are becoming aliens in their own country.

:20:14.:20:24.

They are like tourists visiting each other's side and they don't share

:20:25.:20:27.

It is the last trial of our generation.

:20:28.:20:34.

Most probably the last chance for a federation.

:20:35.:20:46.

The Turkish Cypriot leader. Letter to the US. -- we will return to the

:20:47.:20:53.

US. Before Donald Trump gave that press

:20:54.:20:55.

conference in New York, his choice for Secretary of State

:20:56.:20:58.

and America's top diplomat Rex Tillerson faced questions

:20:59.:21:00.

from a Senate confirmation hearing. Many US politicians have expressed

:21:01.:21:02.

concern that the former CEO of oil giant Exxon Mobil could be too

:21:03.:21:05.

friendly with President Putin. Mr Tillerson was awarded

:21:06.:21:07.

the Russian Order of Friendship for his business dealings

:21:08.:21:10.

and opposed US sanctions on Russia. Mr Tillerson told Senators

:21:11.:21:12.

today that Russia posed an international danger-

:21:13.:21:14.

but it was in fact US foreign Our Nato allies are right to be

:21:15.:21:16.

alarmed at a resurgent Russia. But it was in the absence

:21:17.:21:21.

of American leadership that this door was left open and unintended

:21:22.:21:24.

signals were sent. We backtracked on commitments

:21:25.:21:26.

and made allies. We sent weak or mixed

:21:27.:21:32.

signals with red lines that We did not recognise that Russia

:21:33.:21:35.

does not think like we do. Words alone do not sweep away

:21:36.:21:44.

an uneven and at times contentious history between our two nations,

:21:45.:21:49.

but we need an open and frank dialogue with Russia

:21:50.:21:52.

regarding its ambitions so we know Barbara Plett-Usher joins us

:21:53.:21:54.

live from Capitol Hill. A very influential figure if he is

:21:55.:22:08.

confirmed as Secretary of State but how tough a time did he get? He got

:22:09.:22:13.

a lot of questions about Russia policy for obvious reasons. The

:22:14.:22:17.

position of Mr Trump and the scandals floating about with regards

:22:18.:22:22.

to Russian interference in American politics, but I think that he was

:22:23.:22:26.

probably broadly reassuring to a of senators. He advocated a tough line.

:22:27.:22:31.

He said Americans should get tough with Russia when it behaved badly

:22:32.:22:35.

but also said it was not necessary to try to cooperate the Russians on

:22:36.:22:39.

a range of issues. -- it was necessary. They need to have a

:22:40.:22:44.

conversation about whether Russia only sees them as an adversary or if

:22:45.:22:47.

they can have some other kind of relationship. I think that is

:22:48.:22:50.

something a lot of senators wanted to hear. Not all of them. Some of

:22:51.:22:55.

them pressed him on Vladimir Putin's record, particularly the Syrian

:22:56.:22:59.

bombing of Aleppo and he declined to say who was a war criminal which

:23:00.:23:04.

upset some other senators. On some of the issues where Mr Trump has

:23:05.:23:07.

been a little bit away from traditional policy or has been

:23:08.:23:10.

overly critical or people do not know quite where he is, Mr Tillerson

:23:11.:23:17.

took up a middle line, so for the transpacific trade deal, a big part

:23:18.:23:19.

of the foreign policy approach of this administration, and important

:23:20.:23:25.

tool of Republican senators, he said he did not really oppose it, which

:23:26.:23:30.

Donald Trump does, he think we can get a better deal, he took a middle

:23:31.:23:33.

line on these issues were chatting again would reassure a large number

:23:34.:23:38.

of the senators. We heard one senator giving him a particularly

:23:39.:23:40.

tough line of questions over Vladimir Putin, Marco Rubio, a

:23:41.:23:50.

former presidential hopeful. If he does not back him, how much jeopardy

:23:51.:23:54.

does that put the administration in? The Republicans have a majority.

:23:55.:24:00.

They would probably have to be three Republican senators voting against

:24:01.:24:03.

him. No Republican senators about Wright said they would do that.

:24:04.:24:09.

There is a certain amount of leeway. I doubt very much that many would

:24:10.:24:14.

have a no vote and I doubt any word. Maybe Marco Rubio word. Especially

:24:15.:24:20.

because you are looking at Mr Tillerson as a contrast to Mr Trump.

:24:21.:24:23.

Mr Trump has dismayed a lot of Republicans with his freewheeling

:24:24.:24:28.

and sometimes inflammatory approach to foreign policy where he suggests

:24:29.:24:32.

he might question the traditional basis of it, which Republicans

:24:33.:24:37.

accept. Mr Tillerson would be seen even by those who oppose him, could

:24:38.:24:41.

be seen as a lesser of two evils. The issue about Russia is very

:24:42.:24:45.

important to a small group of senators in particular. We cannot

:24:46.:24:50.

say entirely sure which way they would go. Barbara, thanks very much.

:24:51.:24:53.

Barbara Platt Usher on Capitol Hill. A quick mention of President Barack

:24:54.:25:03.

Obama... He has set a personal record on social media after a

:25:04.:25:07.

farewell speech last night in Chicago. He took to Twitter to say

:25:08.:25:20.

thank you to everything the... This has become his most popular to date

:25:21.:25:23.

with more than 1 million likes and more than half a million re-tweets.

:25:24.:25:32.

Donald Trump has accused the US intelligence agencies of leaking

:25:33.:25:37.

information and putting out false claims that Russia as compromising

:25:38.:25:46.

information about him. -- has. He was critical of US intelligence

:25:47.:25:49.

agencies and certain members of the media.

:25:50.:25:52.

Don't forget you can get in touch with me and some

:25:53.:25:55.

of the team on Twitter - I'm @ KarinBBC.

:25:56.:25:57.

And you can see what we are working on via Facebook too

:25:58.:26:00.

Lots there to look at about our programmes coming up

:26:01.:26:04.