11/03/2017 World News Today


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11/03/2017

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


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broadcasting in the UK and around the world.

:00:00.:00:00.

The headlines: The Turkish President attacks the Dutch as Nazis,

:00:00.:00:10.

for blocking a campaign visit by the country's Foreign Minister.

:00:11.:00:12.

The UN warns of the largest humanitarian crisis

:00:13.:00:18.

20 million people face starvation in parts of Africa.

:00:19.:00:34.

as his BJP party wins a landslide in key state elections.

:00:35.:00:40.

And a record equalling 18th successive wins for England's rugby

:00:41.:00:42.

team as they thrash Scotland to retain their Six Nations title.

:00:43.:01:09.

An extraordinary diplomatic row between Turkey and the Netherlands

:01:10.:01:11.

It all began when a minister in President Erdogan's government

:01:12.:01:14.

was blocked from addressing a rally in Rotterdam.

:01:15.:01:16.

That prompted Mr Erdogan to describe the Dutch government,

:01:17.:01:19.

led by Mark Rutte, as "Nazi remnants".

:01:20.:01:20.

A second Turkish minister has now been stopped

:01:21.:01:22.

and in Ankara, the Dutch ambassador has been told he isn't welcome.

:01:23.:01:26.

and today Recep Tayyip Erdogan doled it out.

:01:27.:01:48.

After his Foreign Minister was blocked from landing

:01:49.:01:53.

in the Netherlands, President Erdogan hit back

:01:54.:01:55.

at the Dutch, his diplomacy typically undiplomatic.

:01:56.:02:00.

TRANSLATION: They don't know anything about politics

:02:01.:02:02.

They are Nazi remnants, they are fascists.

:02:03.:02:12.

to rally Turkish voters in the Netherlands

:02:13.:02:17.

before a referendum on boosting Mr Erdogan's powers.

:02:18.:02:21.

But with the Dutch election next week,

:02:22.:02:23.

the government there feared it could provoke tension

:02:24.:02:29.

and feed the anti-immigrant Geert Wilders.

:02:30.:02:31.

On the campaign trail, the Dutch Prime Minister

:02:32.:02:33.

said he wouldn't give in Turkish blackmail.

:02:34.:02:36.

he made clear that he threatened the Netherlands with sanctions,

:02:37.:02:44.

and of course we cannot negotiate under such threats.

:02:45.:02:46.

So then we decided, the Foreign Minister,

:02:47.:02:48.

the Flemish Prime Minister and myself in a conference call,

:02:49.:02:51.

that it was better for him not to come to the Netherlands.

:02:52.:02:54.

His country having been occupied by the Nazis,

:02:55.:02:57.

Mr Rutte reacted bluntly to the fascist comparison.

:02:58.:02:59.

I understand they're angry, but this is of course way out.

:03:00.:03:05.

Germany too was branded Nazis by Mr Erdogan

:03:06.:03:08.

unprecedented language among Nato allies.

:03:09.:03:15.

President Erdogan has an advantage with Europe,

:03:16.:03:17.

Turkey the most active route for migrants,

:03:18.:03:20.

and its role crucial to stemming the flow.

:03:21.:03:23.

He's used it as a bargaining chip, but the EU is getting

:03:24.:03:25.

increasingly frustrated with the Turkish strongman.

:03:26.:03:30.

This is a classic Erdogan political tactic -

:03:31.:03:32.

painting Turkey as the victim of Western oppression

:03:33.:03:34.

and himself as the protector of national pride.

:03:35.:03:37.

He thrives when he and his country are seen as the underdogs,

:03:38.:03:39.

and this growing stand-off with Europe will rally

:03:40.:03:41.

which he needs for a referendum victory.

:03:42.:03:46.

So vintage Erdogan, pleasing his supporters,

:03:47.:03:47.

horrifying his opponents, and reiterating the sense

:03:48.:03:49.

that polarised Turkey is drifting ever further from Europe.

:03:50.:03:51.

So why are Turkish officials taking these referendum rallies

:03:52.:04:08.

Over 6.5 million Turks live in Europe.

:04:09.:04:16.

Around 3.5 million of them live in Germany,

:04:17.:04:20.

and around 500,000 live in the Netherlands.

:04:21.:04:24.

says that in the most recent election,

:04:25.:04:29.

over 2.8 million Turkish citizens

:04:30.:04:30.

were eligible to vote at a Turkish Embassy abroad.

:04:31.:04:33.

in winning President Erdogan the powers he seeks.

:04:34.:04:39.

is President Erdogan being deliberately inflammatory?

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A question I put to a Turkish academic based in Europe.

:04:46.:04:48.

Oh, for sure, he is a master of provocation, both at home

:04:49.:04:53.

and abroad, and this is pre-election mode in Turkey,

:04:54.:05:01.

and also abroad as well, in a lot of the countries

:05:02.:05:03.

where the Turkish officials are travelling to,

:05:04.:05:05.

so it is a heightened mood of political polemic, if you will.

:05:06.:05:13.

And Erdogan is quite expert in making sure that

:05:14.:05:18.

these type of tensions do fit his political discourse and agenda,

:05:19.:05:27.

You mentioned the election that present anyone

:05:28.:05:33.

is holding next month - tell us about that election

:05:34.:05:36.

There will be a referendum on the 16th of April

:05:37.:05:45.

on a far-reaching constitutional change which, if accepted

:05:46.:05:51.

by the electorate, would effectively replace Turkey's existing system

:05:52.:05:55.

of parliamentary democracy with a strong executive

:05:56.:05:57.

So a lot is at stake, it is a major turning point for Turkey.

:05:58.:06:07.

Turkey has been governed with a parliamentary democracy

:06:08.:06:09.

for many, many decades, and so this would be

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So there's a lot on the line, and the government of

:06:13.:06:22.

President Erdogan is campaigning heavily, of course aided

:06:23.:06:26.

by the benefit of emergency laws that are in place at the moment,

:06:27.:06:29.

and part of the opposition that is muted or being in prison.

:06:30.:06:31.

Therefore, it is a very tense moment to go to the election.

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And for more analysis on this diplomatic spat,

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and what's behind it, you can go to our website.

:06:55.:07:04.

At least 40 people are reported to have been killed

:07:05.:07:07.

in twin bomb attacks in the heart of the Syrian capital Damascus.

:07:08.:07:10.

The bombs targeted buses carrying Iraqi pilgrims

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to the city's ancient cemetery, which houses Shia Muslim mausoleums.

:07:13.:07:14.

Our correspondent Richard Conway is at the scene.

:07:15.:07:28.

This is the largest attack to hit Damascus in some time.

:07:29.:07:31.

A suicide bomber detonated his device in this commercial district

:07:32.:07:34.

in the centre of Damascus, killing at least 40 people,

:07:35.:07:36.

The target was Shia pilgrims visiting a nearby cemetery.

:07:37.:07:39.

President Assad wants to present his country

:07:40.:07:41.

is returning to normal, but as you can see

:07:42.:07:43.

from the destruction, that's a long way off from happening.

:07:44.:07:51.

It's the largest humanitarian crisis since the end

:07:52.:07:54.

Now the United Nations is pleading for help to avoid catastrophe.

:07:55.:07:58.

20 million people are facing starvation in four countries

:07:59.:08:00.

including Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen.

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Our world affairs correspondent Richard Galpin has more.

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For months now, it's been known that millions of people,

:08:13.:08:15.

including this young baby in Yemen, have been starving.

:08:16.:08:22.

She was just four months old when a BBC team met her in December.

:08:23.:08:29.

Across Yemen, hundreds of thousands more children

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And the threat of mass starvation is affecting three other countries.

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This is a refugee camp in South Sudan,

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which, like Yemen, has been torn apart by conflict.

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Families forced to flee their homes and left with little to eat.

:08:50.:08:52.

Already, a famine has been officially declared here,

:08:53.:08:56.

with almost half the population in urgent need of help.

:08:57.:09:03.

We stand at a critical point in our history.

:09:04.:09:06.

Already, at the beginning of the year,

:09:07.:09:08.

we are facing the largest humanitarian crisis

:09:09.:09:12.

since the creation of the United Nations.

:09:13.:09:18.

Now more than 20 million people across four countries

:09:19.:09:20.

Without collective and coordinated global efforts,

:09:21.:09:23.

Of the huge number of people the UN says are now in danger,

:09:24.:09:32.

nearly 3 million in Somalia, and more than 14 million in Yemen.

:09:33.:09:41.

The UN is predicting that, without serious help,

:09:42.:09:44.

1.4 million people could die before the end of the year

:09:45.:09:48.

They're calling for ?3.6 billion to tackle this crisis.

:09:49.:09:58.

Aid agencies on the ground say at the moment they do not have

:09:59.:10:01.

enough money to deal with the rising demand for help.

:10:02.:10:03.

Apart from conflict, the other because of the crisis is drought.

:10:04.:10:06.

In this hospital alone, almost 50 children have died in two months,

:10:07.:10:15.

People have travelled almost two miles to get medical help. Most of

:10:16.:10:28.

the cases, the death is caused by dehydration. We are doing

:10:29.:10:32.

rehydration and giving antibiotics as well. While some basic aid is

:10:33.:10:36.

reaching those in need, it's nowhere near enough, so it's possible famine

:10:37.:10:43.

could be declared in all four countries - unprecedented in modern

:10:44.:10:46.

times. Richard Galpin, BBC News. A look at some more

:10:47.:10:48.

top stories this hour. An intruder carrying a backpack has

:10:49.:10:51.

been arrested by US Secret Service agents as he entered the grounds

:10:52.:10:54.

of the White House. The suspect gained entrance

:10:55.:10:56.

on the south side, near a portico from which Presidents

:10:57.:10:58.

often address the public. The backpack carried by the intruder

:10:59.:11:04.

was screened and searched, Italian police and protesters

:11:05.:11:07.

have clashed in the It's where thousands were

:11:08.:11:15.

demonstrating against the leader of the anti-immigrant

:11:16.:11:18.

Northern League party. Italian media says violence broke

:11:19.:11:20.

out when a group of masked Huge rival rallies have

:11:21.:11:22.

been taking place in The protests were for and against

:11:23.:11:29.

the country's disgraced president. Park Geun-Hye is said

:11:30.:11:34.

to be in a state of shock as her opponents press

:11:35.:11:36.

for criminal charges. Despite Friday's court ruling

:11:37.:11:41.

confirming her impeachment she remains inside the

:11:42.:11:43.

presidential compound. A female judge here in the UK

:11:44.:11:51.

is causing controversy, after warning women who get drunk

:11:52.:11:54.

that they are putting themselves at risk of being

:11:55.:11:56.

targeted by rapists. Her comments have been

:11:57.:11:58.

described by campaigners as "outrageous" and "misguided".

:11:59.:12:05.

Frankie McCamley reports. Jailed for six years

:12:06.:12:09.

for what police described but, sentencing,

:12:10.:12:12.

judge Lindsey Kushner used her final words before retiring

:12:13.:12:19.

to issue a rape warning to women. She said girls are perfectly

:12:20.:12:26.

entitled to drink themselves into the ground but should be aware

:12:27.:12:28.

of potential defendants to rape gravitate towards girls

:12:29.:12:31.

who have been drinking. If push comes to shove,

:12:32.:12:38.

a girl who has been drunk is less likely to be believed than

:12:39.:12:41.

one who is sober at the time. While many might see her comments

:12:42.:12:44.

as useful advice, others believe

:12:45.:12:47.

this is a backwards step. I'm very anxious that whatever

:12:48.:12:50.

message she meant to send, it's very clear that what it

:12:51.:12:53.

has sent is the message there is not much point

:12:54.:12:55.

in reporting. Whatever amount of drink

:12:56.:12:58.

you've had, do report - you will be treated

:12:59.:13:03.

better than this suggests. this woman now helps

:13:04.:13:08.

others through the ordeal. It makes all of us really

:13:09.:13:13.

quite angry, and not just because they're arrogant,

:13:14.:13:17.

factually incorrect comments, but it's one thing to go around

:13:18.:13:22.

making these comments when you sit in a court room all day,

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and you are engaging in one aspect of society without engaging

:13:25.:13:29.

with the women Judge Kushner is not

:13:30.:13:31.

the first to comment Other judges have faced

:13:32.:13:42.

criticism in the past. Campaigners, though,

:13:43.:13:45.

hope this will not stop other rape survivors from

:13:46.:13:47.

coming forward in the future. Stay with us on BBC News,

:13:48.:13:49.

still to come: Some flipping good news

:13:50.:13:53.

from Florida, the sea turtle returning to the

:13:54.:13:54.

ocean after an unhappy accident. The numbers of dead and wounded

:13:55.:14:15.

defied belief, this is the worst terrorist atrocity on European soil

:14:16.:14:19.

in modern times. In less than 24 hours, the Soviet

:14:20.:14:25.

Union lost an elderly leader and replaced him with a dynamic figure

:14:26.:14:31.

20 years his junior. We heard these gunshots from the gym, they came out

:14:32.:14:36.

of a fire exit, we will all petrified. James Ellroy, aged 41,

:14:37.:14:44.

sentenced to 99 years. He travelled from Memphis to Nashville in an

:14:45.:14:53.

eight car convoy. What does it feel like to be married at last. It feels

:14:54.:14:58.

fine, thank you. Is it going to change your life much? I don't know,

:14:59.:15:00.

I've never been married before. This is BBC World News Today,

:15:01.:15:07.

I'm Alpa Patel. The Turkish President

:15:08.:15:10.

attacks the Dutch as Nazis for blocking a campaign visit

:15:11.:15:14.

by the country's Foreign Minister. And the UN warns it's

:15:15.:15:19.

the largest humanitarian crisis with urgent action needed to

:15:20.:15:22.

counter famine in parts of Africa. The Indian Prime Minister

:15:23.:15:32.

Narendra Modi and his BJP party are celebrating

:15:33.:15:34.

after a landslide victory The state is the country's

:15:35.:15:36.

most populated - and influential. especially after his blunder over

:15:37.:15:43.

withdrawing high-value banknotes. And whose control over

:15:44.:15:50.

India is now absolute. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has

:15:51.:16:03.

just delivered a stunning victory for his party in the country's

:16:04.:16:08.

political heartland, Uttar Pradesh, and at the BJP headquarters,

:16:09.:16:12.

it's time to celebrate. The party now controls more than

:16:13.:16:20.

half of India's state governments, leaving the opposition

:16:21.:16:24.

trailing in the dust. The people of Uttar Pradesh

:16:25.:16:28.

have put their faith TRANSLATION: His hard work

:16:29.:16:32.

speaks for itself. He's always working for our

:16:33.:16:38.

country's development. These might just be local elections,

:16:39.:16:40.

but there's a reason why the BJP and its supporters

:16:41.:16:48.

are so pleased with this victory. It means that Narendra Modi's

:16:49.:16:58.

grip over India It means that he has

:16:59.:17:00.

very few challengers looking ahead to the next

:17:01.:17:04.

general elections in 2019. And most of all, it means

:17:05.:17:07.

that he can take risky Late last year, Indians faced

:17:08.:17:09.

massive cash shortages after Mr Modi's shock decision

:17:10.:17:17.

to ban high-denomination banknotes. It effectively sucked out

:17:18.:17:22.

more than 80% of the total currency in circulation,

:17:23.:17:25.

creating hardship for many, But as these election results

:17:26.:17:28.

have shown, it has had little impact

:17:29.:17:34.

on the fortunes A giant green sea turtle has

:17:35.:17:36.

been returned to the sea off the Florida Keys,

:17:37.:17:53.

a month after becoming It's a triumph for workers

:17:54.:17:55.

at a turtle hospital who've worked hard to get the creature -

:17:56.:17:58.

who's at least 50 years old - Joy, as Jolly the female turtle

:17:59.:18:02.

is released back to the wild Jolly was named after the wildlife

:18:03.:18:13.

officers who helped rescue her from multiple crab trap

:18:14.:18:20.

lines last month. Weighing in at 150 kilos,

:18:21.:18:25.

she made a quick recovery from the partial amputation

:18:26.:18:28.

of her right rear flipper. The nesting season in

:18:29.:18:30.

Florida Keys starts in April. she can get out there in time

:18:31.:18:36.

to date and hopefully lay some eggs. Breeding is all the more crucial

:18:37.:18:42.

in view of the green sea turtles' listing as a threatened species

:18:43.:18:45.

in the Atlantic Ocean. It's really important

:18:46.:18:50.

to get a turtle this mature back out into the wild -

:18:51.:18:52.

they are sexually mature, and sea turtles aren't reproductive

:18:53.:18:55.

until they are 20 or 25 years old. Jolly is probably 50 plus years old,

:18:56.:19:00.

so that's when we want to make sure she gets out so she keeps

:19:01.:19:04.

making baby turtles. so well worth shelling out

:19:05.:19:07.

for her treatment and care. Jolly looking in good health there!

:19:08.:19:30.

Now the sport with Jessica, big day in rugby. Yes, huge day over in

:19:31.:19:34.

England, and that is where we are going to start.

:19:35.:19:35.

England have retained their Six Nations title

:19:36.:19:36.

with an emphatic 61-21 win over Scotland at Twickenham.

:19:37.:19:39.

The victory secures them the Calcutta Cup

:19:40.:19:40.

and equals New Zealands record of 18 straight test wins.

:19:41.:19:44.

It finished 61-21, Joe Wilson reports from Twickenham.

:19:45.:19:50.

At the start of this game, we were expecting a tight match, even the

:19:51.:19:56.

prospect of Scotland winning here for the first time since the 1980s.

:19:57.:20:01.

They have risen to third in the rankings, but at half-time in this

:20:02.:20:04.

match we knew the game was up. Scotland suffered from their own

:20:05.:20:08.

lack of discipline, one man in the sin bin in the second minute of the

:20:09.:20:11.

game, and they struggled with injuries. But above all that, there

:20:12.:20:16.

was Jonathan Joseph for England, exploiting any gaps with his

:20:17.:20:20.

skilful, powerful running, and when he is in full flow, it is a site to

:20:21.:20:25.

match any Twickenham has seen in over a century. From that point on,

:20:26.:20:28.

Scotland is never game up, they came back with tries in the second half,

:20:29.:20:32.

but the margin of victory made it a record in the fixture that goes back

:20:33.:20:37.

to the 1870s. Now, England have the Six Nations, but they are not done.

:20:38.:20:43.

Another win in Ireland in a final game of the Six Nations sets a

:20:44.:20:47.

record for consecutive test wins, but coach Eddie Jones, never to lose

:20:48.:20:50.

with England, says his sights towards the World Cup in 2019. We

:20:51.:20:55.

are only just beginning, is what he said at the conclusion of this game.

:20:56.:21:01.

The boys, today, fantastic, did it in style, clinical, ruthless

:21:02.:21:05.

performance. We asked the team to make a decision, and as a team we

:21:06.:21:10.

took a step forward today, but all eyes are next week now, I suppose.

:21:11.:21:14.

Six Nations away form with a bonus-point 40-18

:21:15.:21:17.

France will host Wales in Paris next Saturday, and they must concentrate

:21:18.:21:28.

on finishing in the top three for the first time since 2011.

:21:29.:21:32.

has come to an end at the quarterfinal stage.

:21:33.:21:36.

They were the first non-league side to reach the last eight

:21:37.:21:38.

But their brave efforts weren't enough

:21:39.:21:42.

against Premier League Arsenal at the Emirates.

:21:43.:21:53.

They held off their illustrious opponents until almost half-time.

:21:54.:21:58.

and the Gunners scored four more after the break,

:21:59.:22:02.

to secure their place in the semifinals.

:22:03.:22:04.

Earlier, Manchester City cruised passed Middlesbrough

:22:05.:22:05.

David Silva scored after three minutes,

:22:06.:22:08.

and Sergio Aguero sealed the victory in the second half.

:22:09.:22:12.

Hull City boosted their chances of Premier League survival

:22:13.:22:14.

Substitute Oumar Niasse scored twice

:22:15.:22:19.

to help Hull take an important three points.

:22:20.:22:22.

Swansea got a goal back but remain in 16th place.

:22:23.:22:27.

Everton continued their push for a top-six place

:22:28.:22:29.

Bournemouth finally have their first league win of 2017,

:22:30.:22:34.

thanks to a hat trick from Joshua King.

:22:35.:22:39.

The first Masters 1000 tournament of the year is under way

:22:40.:22:42.

these are the most prestigious events on the tour.

:22:43.:22:47.

is up against Canadian Vasek Pospisil in the second round.

:22:48.:22:57.

He will avoid some of the top players until the latter stages of

:22:58.:23:00.

the competition. I would say, you know, I have an

:23:01.:23:08.

opportunity to do well, you know, the bottom half of the draw is

:23:09.:23:14.

unbelievably strong, you know, the bottom quarter is probably one of

:23:15.:23:21.

the toughest that you will ever see! You know, and I am playing well, I

:23:22.:23:25.

feel fresh, I had to take a decent break after Melbourne and, yeah,

:23:26.:23:32.

hopefully I can play some good stuff. It is a place I have

:23:33.:23:36.

struggled in the past, my results have been inconsistent, hopefully I

:23:37.:23:37.

can do a bit better this year. That is all

:23:38.:23:38.

the sport for you, back to you, Al. The novels of Jane Austen

:23:39.:23:48.

are read all over the world. The author died young

:23:49.:23:50.

in her 40s, but until now, little has been known

:23:51.:23:53.

about what ended her life. Tests carried out on Austen's

:23:54.:23:55.

eyeglasses show the medicine she'd been taking could have contained

:23:56.:23:57.

arsenic, which may have Ben Moore has this

:23:58.:24:00.

exclusive report. For one of history's greatest

:24:01.:24:05.

writers, just reading her own novels would have been very difficult

:24:06.:24:07.

without these. Jane Austen's specs have been

:24:08.:24:12.

at the British Library for 20 years, but only now can

:24:13.:24:17.

they bring focus to her life. there were prescriptions

:24:18.:24:20.

similar to what we have today. So what we did was have

:24:21.:24:26.

somebody bring in a portable lensmeter so we could very,

:24:27.:24:29.

very carefully have it examined. The first pair are low perception,

:24:30.:24:33.

but her eyesight deteriorated. The final pair revealed

:24:34.:24:41.

that she would have had great This could help reveal the mystery

:24:42.:24:43.

of why she died so young. The possibility of her being

:24:44.:24:47.

poisoned accidentally We know now that arsenic poisoning

:24:48.:24:49.

can cause cataracts. Arsenic was often put into

:24:50.:24:56.

medication for other types of illness, so potentially

:24:57.:24:58.

for rheumatism, Using modern optometry,

:24:59.:25:01.

we are able to see just what Jane Austen's eyesight

:25:02.:25:08.

would have been like. I can only see my hand

:25:09.:25:12.

when it's about there. So that's what she needed,

:25:13.:25:20.

to correct her vision. The British Library wants

:25:21.:25:22.

optometrists to get in touch and through the eyes of one

:25:23.:25:25.

of our best-loved authors. During feeding time

:25:26.:25:37.

at this Chinese zoo, one little panda just

:25:38.:25:42.

can't find its snack. After a few prods with a stick,

:25:43.:25:48.

and some heavy coaxing, the panda finally discovers it

:25:49.:25:51.

and has a good old munch. Good evening. We had quite a bit of

:25:52.:26:11.

sunshine in the north-west and the South and east today, where the

:26:12.:26:15.

sunshine, it was lovely and warm. This sunshine El Arabi temperature

:26:16.:26:18.

to spring up to 18

:26:19.:26:19.