10/03/2017 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today, broadcasting in the UK and around


the world. Here are the headlines. The fight for the western half of


those all intensifies, as Iraqi forces close in on the work


thousands are trapped in the fighting -- Mosul. Our


correspondence beats the people who has managed to escape. TRANSLATION:


We got our freedom, but it cost us a lot. I lost my house, my children


were injured. Donald Trump speaks to the Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas


by phone, and invites him to the White House. The deadly impact of


Ebola on the rollers. A third of the world's population had been killed


by the disease has not and the pitfalls of live TV. See the moment


a guest is upstaged by his children while giving an interview to BBC


World News. Hello and welcome to the programme.


It's Iraq's second city, a's also the last major stronghold for the


so-called Islamic state in the country. Now Iraqi forces say they


are within weeks of driving the extremists out of Mosul. The battle


to retake the city began five months ago. Government forces are now in


control of the east of the city, seen here in green, but in the west


of the city, IS are still very much in control, and there are


significant concerns hundreds of thousands of civilians trapped, in


particular for those in the old city, which is heavily populated.


Arab correspondence and cameraman are close to the front line, and


sent this -- our correspondence and cameraman are close to the front


line and sent this report. Escaping the battle ground, they are fleeing


on foot for Western Mosul, even those who struggle to walk.


Countless numbers are likely to follow. And imagine if this was all


you could bring with you. Many waited until the fight came right to


their door, like Abdul Razak. At 76, forced to leave home for the first


time in his life. He told us a mortar landed nearby just moments


before. His ten-year-old grandson and namesake clutching his


schoolbag, though his only lessons here were in war. TRANSLATION: I'd


like to go back to school right this minute, he said. So-called Islamic


State stopped him going years ago. Now, back in Iraqi hands, for what


it's worth, several more neighbourhoods. Troops remain


watchful. The militants are about a mile away. It was just four days ago


they were driven from here. This is the engineering department of Mosul


University. On the IS curriculum, how to make chemical weapons. This


was a place of learning, a source of pride for the people of Mosul, and


you can see what has become of it. It was also a key strategic location


for the so-called Islamic State. It gave them high ground to dominate


the area. It was heavily dominated by Uzbek fighters, and this is just


one of the areas that will have to be rebuilt Wembley battle for Mosul


is finally over. Some Uzbek militants are still lying where they


fell. No decent burial for those who terrorised a city. Nearby, a suicide


belts they didn't manage to use. At dusk, troops gather for the next


push forward. Increasingly they strike under cover of partners.


Hunting for the extremists who wanted nearly a third of Iraq. Some


of the hardest fighting may be ahead in the narrow streets of the old


city. They will need to move on foot. Beneath a sky lit only by


embers of battle. On the pitch back streets, few signs of life, but


hundreds of thousands remain in Western Mosul. Running low on food


and water. This lady and her family are sheltering in an abandoned house


because theirs was destroyed. Three of her loved ones are in hospital,


victims of a mortar attack. We got our freedom, she says. But it cost


us a lot. I lost my house, and my children were injured. Her beloved


Mosul will never recover, she believes, not even in 30 years. What


future for a broken city in a fractured nation, even after the


extremists are pushed out? There are fears that when Iraq is finish


writing IS, they may begin fighting each other. -- finish writing IS.


Let's stay in the region because the Turkish military said troops and


Turkish backed rebels have killed more than 70 Kurdish fighters in


northern Syria just of the past week.


Turkey has threatened to attack the town of Manbij that is held


The group is supported by the US, which sees it


as the most effective force - against IS when it comes


to launching an attack on Raqqa, the I-S de facto capital in Syria.


to launching an attack on Raqqa, the IS de facto capital in Syria.


Well, it comes as the Russian president, Vladimir Putin praised -


the co-operation developing between Russia and Turkey over


It follows talks in Moscow with Turkish President Erdogan.


But as Olga Ivshina now reports - the to countries priorities differ


Moscow and Ankara, considering the future of Syria is very much


different but it is also very much difference from the one that the


United States have. It seems for Putin and Erdogan being two


ambitious leaders, it is way easier to talk to each other rather than


the Triangle communities, Turkey and Moscow. They also have their own


plans which seem to contradict those of the United States. Usher has


already taken the grounds it needs. They have the help to recover


Aleppo, and Palmyra and Turkey tries to secure a buffer zone between


Syria and its own borders. On that, they have much more grounds for


Corporation and talks, rather than each of these sides have together


with the United States, because the United States such a powerful.


Tens of thousands of South Koreans have come out on the streets


of Seoul to celebrate a court decision to remove president


The court upheld a parliamentary vote to impeach Ms Park -


over her role in a corruption scandal.


At the heart of the drama lies the close friendship


between President Park - who took office in 2013 -


Ms Choi is accused of using her presidential connections to pressure


companies to give millions of dollars in donations


In December, parliament voted to impeach president Park,


with the final decision moving to the constitutional court.


In February, Samsung boss Jay Y Lee became embroiled in the scandal -


he was arrested and accused of making donations to Ms Choi


So on Friday came the final episode - the constitutional court ruled


to uphold the impeachment, and President Park


President Park committed a grave breach of the law.


It was against the constitution and the trust of


Outside the court, pro-Park protesters clashed with police.


Tonight, and the Park protesters have been holding a victory rally.


They have pushed a president from office -- anti-Park. I felt shivers


going down my spine and I'm sure I'm not the only one to feel this way.


It is such an extraordinary thing in the history of the country, to see


your president removed through a democratic constitutional mechanism.


There will be a collection within the next two months that may end up


with a left-wing government, which may be more accommodating to North


Korea and more antagonistic towards the United States. For three months,


protesters have chanted that President Park Moscow. The night she


spent her last night in the presidential Palace. She may yet end


up behind bars. Stephen Evans, BBC News, South Korea.


President Donald Trump has spoken to the Palestinian leader,


Mahmoud Abbas, by phone - in the first contact


between the pair since Mr Trump took office in January.


Let's go to the State Department were our correspondent is following


events. We have heard from the Palestinians on this but has the


White House said anything about this visit? Only to confirm that it is


going to happen and I suppose we could have expected it would have


happened at some point because Mr Trump has talked about wanting to be


able to facilitate a Middle East peace deal and in order to do that


it would have to take into consideration the Palestinian views


at some point. Palestinians have been very concerned by his stance so


far. He came into office promising to be the most pro-Israel US


president ever and Mr Netanyahu the Prime Minister of Israel is one of


the first foreign visitors to the White House. Since then Mr Trump has


taken positions that seem to favour the right wing in Israel. He has


been ambivalent about a two state solution. He has chosen as his


ambassador somebody on the far right of the political spectrum, as well


as one of his key advisers in the White House he has tasked and envoy


for Middle East peace, his son-in-law, an Orthodox due. Dump --


an Orthodox Orthodox due. He says if you want to make that deal, and that


is what he said the telephone call, then he would have to meet Mr Abbas.


It sounds like that will happen. -- Orthodox due. Why'd you think this


visit has been announced now? I expect because Mr Trump called Mr


Abbas now. We don't really know about the timing of what Mr Com has


in mind for any initiative in the Middle East but he certainly wanted


to get the view of the Israelis first, which he has done, fulsomely.


He has also got the view of some Arab leaders who have spoken to the


president of Egypt, he has spoken to the king of Jordan and the number of


other Arab leaders who have given their input into what they see as


the way forward on the possibilities of some kind of resolution of the


dispute or the conflict between the Israelis and Palestinians. At least


they would have told them what not to do. He has taken stock of these


viewpoints but he has been very slow to get to the Palestinians. Having


said that, when George W Bush came into office, he followed the Clinton


administration, which was very in gauged in peace process. When Mr


Bush came into office, that stopped while they figure that what they


would do so there is some precedent for this although George W Bush was


not as overtly strongly pro-Israel as Mr Trump has been. Thank you very


much. So with us here on BBC News, still to come. Casting the spotlight


on infinity with the poke about Japanese artist. Flo -- polka-dot.


Joshua Dobbie crashed the car in Penge during a police chase. The Old


Bailey heard he had been pursued by police in Kent five days earlier.


The judge said it had been a mercy he had not killed somebody that


they. The Education Secretary Justin Greening has been heckled by some


headteachers after she defended government plans for more government


grammar schools in England. She insisted that grammar schools


help disadvantaged children but the union 's general said there was no


evidence that they rise standards of improved social mobility. The


telecoms regulator Ofcom has announced that BT will be legally


separated from its Openreach surface, which runs the UK's


broadband infrastructure. This is BBC World News Today. Here


are the latest headlines. As Iraqi security forces close in on the city


of Mosul, civilians are trying to escape the old city, still under the


control of IS. In a telephone conversation, President Trump has


invited the Palestinian leader, Mahmoud Abbas, to the White House.


Let's go to West Africa where the outbreak of Ebola centred on the


devastating impact on humans. But the disease has also had a huge


impact on the gorilla population. A third of the world's rulers have


been killed by Ebola in the last 30 years alone. It is because when a


group is infected, around 95% of them die. With all four species of


gorilla clean endangered, researchers from Cambridge


University here in the UK wants to immunise them in the wild. Rebecca


Morelle has this report. In the African forests, an animal at


risk of vanishing forever. Google is already face many threats, from


poaching -- gorillas. The deadly disease of Ebola is thought to have


wiped out many thousands of these great apes. Now a vaccine could be


the answer. We have put it on the site, now all going to the tongue.


This scientist has carried out a small trial on captive chimps, the


last before biometric research on these animals was banned in the US


study found a vaccine protected against the virus and now he wants


to use it on gorillas in the wild. Ebola and other diseases are a huge


threat. We vaccinate our children, our pets, domestic livestock, and


wildlife in the developed world. Why are we not vaccinating our closest


relatives in Africa? The deadly toll of Ebola instruments is only too to


well-known. There is an effective human vaccine. Ebola in humans and


gorillas is closely linked. The virus can cross between species.


Some argue that gorillas should be immunised too. And Ebola vaccine


does offer some much-needed hope. But there could be significant


risks. Finding a method to get a dose of the vaccine into every


gorilla would be difficult. There is also a risk it could harm the


animals, instead of helping them. We are concerned about any unintended


impact on the health of the target apes, such as introduction of other


disease that might spread among the intended population that we're


trying to protect. The future of these animals is hanging in the


balance. The forests are currently free of Ebola but it is inevitable


that will strike again. Conservationists need to decide


whether the risk of vaccinating or not vaccinating is one they are


willing to take. Rebecca Morelle, BBC News. Stunning creatures. Let's


get some spot the youth the former Formula 1 and


motorcycling world champion, John Surtees, has died at the age of 83.


He is still the only man to become world champion on two wheels and


four. Andy Swiss looks back on his life. Hot favourite after wins in 58


and 59, three, John Surtees, rocketing away. He was a natural


racer, and determined. Just as fast on two wheels as he later became an


four. In his Ferrari, John Surtees, number seven, going like a bomb and


eventually leaving the ten cars in the race. Encouraged by his father,


a motorcycle dealer and former Sidecar champion, Young John won his


first race at the age of 17. With British motorbikes dominating


racing, his future looked secure with Norton, but they refused to


back him for the 1950s 60s and, so he went to Italy to join in the


August. Between 1956 and 60, so too is dominated the 500 cc class. The


master has done it again. Winning seven World Championships. John


Surtees is the hero with a double in the first classic region of the


year. On his way to win his sixth TT and his third successive senior TT.


He became the first man to win the senior Isle of Man TT three years


running. Is this your life 's ambition now achieved? Not really, I


suppose. I don't set out with definite ambitions, I just try and


do my best whatever I do. He switched to cars full-time in 1961,


driving a Cooper. But once again he had to go to Italy to find success


of this time with Ferrari. The man taking first is John Surtees. Second


place in Mexico clinched the 1964 World Championships. A year later,


the almost died when his Lola closed -- crashed in Canada. Flown back to


London he eventually made a four recovery. I am not attaching too


much importance to this, although I think it is important that in time I


do sort of manage to fit in the four movements. His last Grand Prix


victory was at Monza in 1967. Single-minded and deeply committed,


his talent won him a unique place in motor racing history. I think by the


time I was retiring, and I still probably hadn't reached my absolute


peak, but I have achieved my main ambition is, because the most


important thing I had to do in life is not satisfy other people but


satisfy myself. John Surtees, who died on Friday at the age of 83.


There is one match in the six Nations on Friday. Wales are playing


Ireland in Cardiff. The current score is 15-6 to the Welsh, wind


George North getting both tries so far, the only two tries of the game,


they are around 15 minutes into the match for stop Tiger Woods says he


won't be playing in next week's Arnold Palmer Invitational. He has


done not recovered from the back spasms that forced him to withdraw


from the Dubai Desert classic at the start of February. He is now a doubt


for the Masters next month, and that is all the sport for now.


Think you very much. Have you ever wondered what Infinity might look


like? One Japanese artist has tried to catch it at this expedition an


exhibition in Washington, DC. Her Infinity rooms coving to be very


popular. Jane O'Brien has been to have a look. It's easy to get lost


in one of these Infinity rooms. Even though they are physically quite


tiny. Mirrors, lights warped perception of what is real and what


is illusion. We are living in a time when almost everything that we see


and experience is through digital technology, social media, e-mailing.


That is so much a part of our lives and our perception that she reminds


us that there is this other aspect of experiencing space that sometimes


is more tactile. To understand how she reached Infinity, you need to


step into her white room. As a child, she had a vision of polka


dots. It led to an acute neurosis, which she confronted by focusing on


dots in her art. Visitors are encouraged to stick them everywhere


in this room, eventually obliterating the white and leading


to oblivion, which brings us back to infinity. At first, being in this


room makes me feel incredibly happy. I'm surrounded by glow-in-the-dark


pumpkins, for goodness sake. But after a couple of seconds it


actually becomes quite disturbing, because this is probably the closest


any of us will come to seeing what Infinity must look like. And once


you grasp that, you realise how utterly insignificant you really


are. Most people inside these rooms image of the rich for their


cellphones. This is, after all, the ultimate selfie. But not so fast,


says the museum director. If you are in this in Trinity Mirror room and


you don't stop and put down your phone, you are not truly


experiencing it, because it is this moment where you are alone in the


cosmos in one of these pieces, and it is a very compelling kind of


poignant experience. Get past the show stopping Infinity rooms, and


there's plenty more to tickle the senses. Philip Chua sculptures,


dots, appendages, BOTS and more dots. -- voluptuous. She is arguably


Japan's most important contemporary artist. This show reveals why her


appeal is global. Stunning, isn't it? Now a reminder that BBC World


News is brought to you live every day. That means that unexpected


things can happen. Earlier today, our presenter James May Mendez was


interviewing Professor Robert Kelly at his home in South Korea about the


dramatic events there. He had some very important points today, but was


overshadowed by his two young children. Take a look at this. These


scandals happen all the time, the question is how do democracies


respond to those scandals? What will it mean for the wider region? I


think one of your children has just walked in. I would be surprised if


they do. Pardon me. My apologies! What is this going to mean for the


region? My apologies. North... Sorry. South Korea's policy choices


on North Korea have been severely limited in the last X months... Talk


about being completely upstaged, that is it from me and the team,


goodbye for now. Hello, thank you for joining me. I


will be giving you a flavour of the UK weather prospects in just a


couple of minutes or so but first I want to take you around the world to


show you a couple of the weather stories that have caught my eye for


stop we return and I make


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