10/03/2017 World News Today


10/03/2017

The news programme for audiences who want more depth to their daily coverage. With a focus on Europe, Middle East and Africa.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 10/03/2017. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

This is BBC World News Today, broadcasting in the UK and around

:00:10.:00:14.

the world. Here are the headlines. The fight for the western half of

:00:15.:00:20.

those all intensifies, as Iraqi forces close in on the work

:00:21.:00:27.

thousands are trapped in the fighting -- Mosul. Our

:00:28.:00:32.

correspondence beats the people who has managed to escape. TRANSLATION:

:00:33.:00:36.

We got our freedom, but it cost us a lot. I lost my house, my children

:00:37.:00:43.

were injured. Donald Trump speaks to the Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas

:00:44.:00:47.

by phone, and invites him to the White House. The deadly impact of

:00:48.:00:53.

Ebola on the rollers. A third of the world's population had been killed

:00:54.:00:57.

by the disease has not and the pitfalls of live TV. See the moment

:00:58.:01:03.

a guest is upstaged by his children while giving an interview to BBC

:01:04.:01:04.

World News. Hello and welcome to the programme.

:01:05.:01:25.

It's Iraq's second city, a's also the last major stronghold for the

:01:26.:01:27.

so-called Islamic state in the country. Now Iraqi forces say they

:01:28.:01:32.

are within weeks of driving the extremists out of Mosul. The battle

:01:33.:01:38.

to retake the city began five months ago. Government forces are now in

:01:39.:01:40.

control of the east of the city, seen here in green, but in the west

:01:41.:01:46.

of the city, IS are still very much in control, and there are

:01:47.:01:49.

significant concerns hundreds of thousands of civilians trapped, in

:01:50.:01:53.

particular for those in the old city, which is heavily populated.

:01:54.:01:59.

Arab correspondence and cameraman are close to the front line, and

:02:00.:02:04.

sent this -- our correspondence and cameraman are close to the front

:02:05.:02:08.

line and sent this report. Escaping the battle ground, they are fleeing

:02:09.:02:13.

on foot for Western Mosul, even those who struggle to walk.

:02:14.:02:18.

Countless numbers are likely to follow. And imagine if this was all

:02:19.:02:27.

you could bring with you. Many waited until the fight came right to

:02:28.:02:36.

their door, like Abdul Razak. At 76, forced to leave home for the first

:02:37.:02:44.

time in his life. He told us a mortar landed nearby just moments

:02:45.:02:52.

before. His ten-year-old grandson and namesake clutching his

:02:53.:02:56.

schoolbag, though his only lessons here were in war. TRANSLATION: I'd

:02:57.:03:02.

like to go back to school right this minute, he said. So-called Islamic

:03:03.:03:10.

State stopped him going years ago. Now, back in Iraqi hands, for what

:03:11.:03:15.

it's worth, several more neighbourhoods. Troops remain

:03:16.:03:22.

watchful. The militants are about a mile away. It was just four days ago

:03:23.:03:33.

they were driven from here. This is the engineering department of Mosul

:03:34.:03:38.

University. On the IS curriculum, how to make chemical weapons. This

:03:39.:03:44.

was a place of learning, a source of pride for the people of Mosul, and

:03:45.:03:48.

you can see what has become of it. It was also a key strategic location

:03:49.:03:53.

for the so-called Islamic State. It gave them high ground to dominate

:03:54.:03:59.

the area. It was heavily dominated by Uzbek fighters, and this is just

:04:00.:04:03.

one of the areas that will have to be rebuilt Wembley battle for Mosul

:04:04.:04:08.

is finally over. Some Uzbek militants are still lying where they

:04:09.:04:12.

fell. No decent burial for those who terrorised a city. Nearby, a suicide

:04:13.:04:20.

belts they didn't manage to use. At dusk, troops gather for the next

:04:21.:04:26.

push forward. Increasingly they strike under cover of partners.

:04:27.:04:36.

Hunting for the extremists who wanted nearly a third of Iraq. Some

:04:37.:04:41.

of the hardest fighting may be ahead in the narrow streets of the old

:04:42.:04:46.

city. They will need to move on foot. Beneath a sky lit only by

:04:47.:04:56.

embers of battle. On the pitch back streets, few signs of life, but

:04:57.:05:00.

hundreds of thousands remain in Western Mosul. Running low on food

:05:01.:05:08.

and water. This lady and her family are sheltering in an abandoned house

:05:09.:05:12.

because theirs was destroyed. Three of her loved ones are in hospital,

:05:13.:05:23.

victims of a mortar attack. We got our freedom, she says. But it cost

:05:24.:05:30.

us a lot. I lost my house, and my children were injured. Her beloved

:05:31.:05:38.

Mosul will never recover, she believes, not even in 30 years. What

:05:39.:05:45.

future for a broken city in a fractured nation, even after the

:05:46.:05:51.

extremists are pushed out? There are fears that when Iraq is finish

:05:52.:05:56.

writing IS, they may begin fighting each other. -- finish writing IS.

:05:57.:06:05.

Let's stay in the region because the Turkish military said troops and

:06:06.:06:08.

Turkish backed rebels have killed more than 70 Kurdish fighters in

:06:09.:06:12.

northern Syria just of the past week.

:06:13.:06:14.

Turkey has threatened to attack the town of Manbij that is held

:06:15.:06:17.

The group is supported by the US, which sees it

:06:18.:06:20.

as the most effective force - against IS when it comes

:06:21.:06:23.

to launching an attack on Raqqa, the I-S de facto capital in Syria.

:06:24.:06:26.

to launching an attack on Raqqa, the IS de facto capital in Syria.

:06:27.:06:30.

Well, it comes as the Russian president, Vladimir Putin praised -

:06:31.:06:33.

the co-operation developing between Russia and Turkey over

:06:34.:06:35.

It follows talks in Moscow with Turkish President Erdogan.

:06:36.:06:41.

But as Olga Ivshina now reports - the to countries priorities differ

:06:42.:06:44.

Moscow and Ankara, considering the future of Syria is very much

:06:45.:07:00.

different but it is also very much difference from the one that the

:07:01.:07:05.

United States have. It seems for Putin and Erdogan being two

:07:06.:07:09.

ambitious leaders, it is way easier to talk to each other rather than

:07:10.:07:13.

the Triangle communities, Turkey and Moscow. They also have their own

:07:14.:07:18.

plans which seem to contradict those of the United States. Usher has

:07:19.:07:21.

already taken the grounds it needs. They have the help to recover

:07:22.:07:30.

Aleppo, and Palmyra and Turkey tries to secure a buffer zone between

:07:31.:07:34.

Syria and its own borders. On that, they have much more grounds for

:07:35.:07:39.

Corporation and talks, rather than each of these sides have together

:07:40.:07:42.

with the United States, because the United States such a powerful.

:07:43.:07:46.

Tens of thousands of South Koreans have come out on the streets

:07:47.:07:49.

of Seoul to celebrate a court decision to remove president

:07:50.:07:51.

The court upheld a parliamentary vote to impeach Ms Park -

:07:52.:07:59.

over her role in a corruption scandal.

:08:00.:08:00.

At the heart of the drama lies the close friendship

:08:01.:08:03.

between President Park - who took office in 2013 -

:08:04.:08:05.

Ms Choi is accused of using her presidential connections to pressure

:08:06.:08:09.

companies to give millions of dollars in donations

:08:10.:08:11.

In December, parliament voted to impeach president Park,

:08:12.:08:22.

with the final decision moving to the constitutional court.

:08:23.:08:27.

In February, Samsung boss Jay Y Lee became embroiled in the scandal -

:08:28.:08:30.

he was arrested and accused of making donations to Ms Choi

:08:31.:08:33.

So on Friday came the final episode - the constitutional court ruled

:08:34.:08:42.

to uphold the impeachment, and President Park

:08:43.:08:44.

President Park committed a grave breach of the law.

:08:45.:09:05.

It was against the constitution and the trust of

:09:06.:09:07.

Outside the court, pro-Park protesters clashed with police.

:09:08.:09:18.

Tonight, and the Park protesters have been holding a victory rally.

:09:19.:09:33.

They have pushed a president from office -- anti-Park. I felt shivers

:09:34.:09:41.

going down my spine and I'm sure I'm not the only one to feel this way.

:09:42.:09:44.

It is such an extraordinary thing in the history of the country, to see

:09:45.:09:48.

your president removed through a democratic constitutional mechanism.

:09:49.:09:55.

There will be a collection within the next two months that may end up

:09:56.:10:03.

with a left-wing government, which may be more accommodating to North

:10:04.:10:06.

Korea and more antagonistic towards the United States. For three months,

:10:07.:10:11.

protesters have chanted that President Park Moscow. The night she

:10:12.:10:15.

spent her last night in the presidential Palace. She may yet end

:10:16.:10:20.

up behind bars. Stephen Evans, BBC News, South Korea.

:10:21.:10:25.

President Donald Trump has spoken to the Palestinian leader,

:10:26.:10:28.

Mahmoud Abbas, by phone - in the first contact

:10:29.:10:30.

between the pair since Mr Trump took office in January.

:10:31.:10:36.

Let's go to the State Department were our correspondent is following

:10:37.:10:44.

events. We have heard from the Palestinians on this but has the

:10:45.:10:47.

White House said anything about this visit? Only to confirm that it is

:10:48.:10:52.

going to happen and I suppose we could have expected it would have

:10:53.:10:55.

happened at some point because Mr Trump has talked about wanting to be

:10:56.:10:59.

able to facilitate a Middle East peace deal and in order to do that

:11:00.:11:02.

it would have to take into consideration the Palestinian views

:11:03.:11:05.

at some point. Palestinians have been very concerned by his stance so

:11:06.:11:09.

far. He came into office promising to be the most pro-Israel US

:11:10.:11:14.

president ever and Mr Netanyahu the Prime Minister of Israel is one of

:11:15.:11:17.

the first foreign visitors to the White House. Since then Mr Trump has

:11:18.:11:23.

taken positions that seem to favour the right wing in Israel. He has

:11:24.:11:27.

been ambivalent about a two state solution. He has chosen as his

:11:28.:11:33.

ambassador somebody on the far right of the political spectrum, as well

:11:34.:11:36.

as one of his key advisers in the White House he has tasked and envoy

:11:37.:11:41.

for Middle East peace, his son-in-law, an Orthodox due. Dump --

:11:42.:11:58.

an Orthodox Orthodox due. He says if you want to make that deal, and that

:11:59.:12:03.

is what he said the telephone call, then he would have to meet Mr Abbas.

:12:04.:12:11.

It sounds like that will happen. -- Orthodox due. Why'd you think this

:12:12.:12:19.

visit has been announced now? I expect because Mr Trump called Mr

:12:20.:12:24.

Abbas now. We don't really know about the timing of what Mr Com has

:12:25.:12:27.

in mind for any initiative in the Middle East but he certainly wanted

:12:28.:12:31.

to get the view of the Israelis first, which he has done, fulsomely.

:12:32.:12:35.

He has also got the view of some Arab leaders who have spoken to the

:12:36.:12:41.

president of Egypt, he has spoken to the king of Jordan and the number of

:12:42.:12:45.

other Arab leaders who have given their input into what they see as

:12:46.:12:50.

the way forward on the possibilities of some kind of resolution of the

:12:51.:12:56.

dispute or the conflict between the Israelis and Palestinians. At least

:12:57.:12:58.

they would have told them what not to do. He has taken stock of these

:12:59.:13:02.

viewpoints but he has been very slow to get to the Palestinians. Having

:13:03.:13:07.

said that, when George W Bush came into office, he followed the Clinton

:13:08.:13:10.

administration, which was very in gauged in peace process. When Mr

:13:11.:13:17.

Bush came into office, that stopped while they figure that what they

:13:18.:13:21.

would do so there is some precedent for this although George W Bush was

:13:22.:13:27.

not as overtly strongly pro-Israel as Mr Trump has been. Thank you very

:13:28.:13:33.

much. So with us here on BBC News, still to come. Casting the spotlight

:13:34.:13:38.

on infinity with the poke about Japanese artist. Flo -- polka-dot.

:13:39.:13:54.

Joshua Dobbie crashed the car in Penge during a police chase. The Old

:13:55.:13:59.

Bailey heard he had been pursued by police in Kent five days earlier.

:14:00.:14:05.

The judge said it had been a mercy he had not killed somebody that

:14:06.:14:09.

they. The Education Secretary Justin Greening has been heckled by some

:14:10.:14:13.

headteachers after she defended government plans for more government

:14:14.:14:15.

grammar schools in England. She insisted that grammar schools

:14:16.:14:27.

help disadvantaged children but the union 's general said there was no

:14:28.:14:31.

evidence that they rise standards of improved social mobility. The

:14:32.:14:34.

telecoms regulator Ofcom has announced that BT will be legally

:14:35.:14:39.

separated from its Openreach surface, which runs the UK's

:14:40.:14:41.

broadband infrastructure. This is BBC World News Today. Here

:14:42.:14:55.

are the latest headlines. As Iraqi security forces close in on the city

:14:56.:14:59.

of Mosul, civilians are trying to escape the old city, still under the

:15:00.:15:05.

control of IS. In a telephone conversation, President Trump has

:15:06.:15:08.

invited the Palestinian leader, Mahmoud Abbas, to the White House.

:15:09.:15:16.

Let's go to West Africa where the outbreak of Ebola centred on the

:15:17.:15:21.

devastating impact on humans. But the disease has also had a huge

:15:22.:15:26.

impact on the gorilla population. A third of the world's rulers have

:15:27.:15:30.

been killed by Ebola in the last 30 years alone. It is because when a

:15:31.:15:35.

group is infected, around 95% of them die. With all four species of

:15:36.:15:40.

gorilla clean endangered, researchers from Cambridge

:15:41.:15:43.

University here in the UK wants to immunise them in the wild. Rebecca

:15:44.:15:47.

Morelle has this report. In the African forests, an animal at

:15:48.:15:56.

risk of vanishing forever. Google is already face many threats, from

:15:57.:16:04.

poaching -- gorillas. The deadly disease of Ebola is thought to have

:16:05.:16:07.

wiped out many thousands of these great apes. Now a vaccine could be

:16:08.:16:16.

the answer. We have put it on the site, now all going to the tongue.

:16:17.:16:20.

This scientist has carried out a small trial on captive chimps, the

:16:21.:16:24.

last before biometric research on these animals was banned in the US

:16:25.:16:27.

study found a vaccine protected against the virus and now he wants

:16:28.:16:32.

to use it on gorillas in the wild. Ebola and other diseases are a huge

:16:33.:16:39.

threat. We vaccinate our children, our pets, domestic livestock, and

:16:40.:16:43.

wildlife in the developed world. Why are we not vaccinating our closest

:16:44.:16:50.

relatives in Africa? The deadly toll of Ebola instruments is only too to

:16:51.:16:59.

well-known. There is an effective human vaccine. Ebola in humans and

:17:00.:17:05.

gorillas is closely linked. The virus can cross between species.

:17:06.:17:13.

Some argue that gorillas should be immunised too. And Ebola vaccine

:17:14.:17:21.

does offer some much-needed hope. But there could be significant

:17:22.:17:27.

risks. Finding a method to get a dose of the vaccine into every

:17:28.:17:31.

gorilla would be difficult. There is also a risk it could harm the

:17:32.:17:37.

animals, instead of helping them. We are concerned about any unintended

:17:38.:17:40.

impact on the health of the target apes, such as introduction of other

:17:41.:17:47.

disease that might spread among the intended population that we're

:17:48.:17:52.

trying to protect. The future of these animals is hanging in the

:17:53.:17:57.

balance. The forests are currently free of Ebola but it is inevitable

:17:58.:18:00.

that will strike again. Conservationists need to decide

:18:01.:18:04.

whether the risk of vaccinating or not vaccinating is one they are

:18:05.:18:09.

willing to take. Rebecca Morelle, BBC News. Stunning creatures. Let's

:18:10.:18:10.

get some spot the youth the former Formula 1 and

:18:11.:18:18.

motorcycling world champion, John Surtees, has died at the age of 83.

:18:19.:18:24.

He is still the only man to become world champion on two wheels and

:18:25.:18:28.

four. Andy Swiss looks back on his life. Hot favourite after wins in 58

:18:29.:18:37.

and 59, three, John Surtees, rocketing away. He was a natural

:18:38.:18:42.

racer, and determined. Just as fast on two wheels as he later became an

:18:43.:18:49.

four. In his Ferrari, John Surtees, number seven, going like a bomb and

:18:50.:18:53.

eventually leaving the ten cars in the race. Encouraged by his father,

:18:54.:18:58.

a motorcycle dealer and former Sidecar champion, Young John won his

:18:59.:19:03.

first race at the age of 17. With British motorbikes dominating

:19:04.:19:06.

racing, his future looked secure with Norton, but they refused to

:19:07.:19:11.

back him for the 1950s 60s and, so he went to Italy to join in the

:19:12.:19:18.

August. Between 1956 and 60, so too is dominated the 500 cc class. The

:19:19.:19:28.

master has done it again. Winning seven World Championships. John

:19:29.:19:31.

Surtees is the hero with a double in the first classic region of the

:19:32.:19:36.

year. On his way to win his sixth TT and his third successive senior TT.

:19:37.:19:41.

He became the first man to win the senior Isle of Man TT three years

:19:42.:19:44.

running. Is this your life 's ambition now achieved? Not really, I

:19:45.:19:51.

suppose. I don't set out with definite ambitions, I just try and

:19:52.:19:56.

do my best whatever I do. He switched to cars full-time in 1961,

:19:57.:20:01.

driving a Cooper. But once again he had to go to Italy to find success

:20:02.:20:07.

of this time with Ferrari. The man taking first is John Surtees. Second

:20:08.:20:11.

place in Mexico clinched the 1964 World Championships. A year later,

:20:12.:20:18.

the almost died when his Lola closed -- crashed in Canada. Flown back to

:20:19.:20:23.

London he eventually made a four recovery. I am not attaching too

:20:24.:20:28.

much importance to this, although I think it is important that in time I

:20:29.:20:34.

do sort of manage to fit in the four movements. His last Grand Prix

:20:35.:20:39.

victory was at Monza in 1967. Single-minded and deeply committed,

:20:40.:20:45.

his talent won him a unique place in motor racing history. I think by the

:20:46.:20:50.

time I was retiring, and I still probably hadn't reached my absolute

:20:51.:20:54.

peak, but I have achieved my main ambition is, because the most

:20:55.:20:58.

important thing I had to do in life is not satisfy other people but

:20:59.:21:05.

satisfy myself. John Surtees, who died on Friday at the age of 83.

:21:06.:21:11.

There is one match in the six Nations on Friday. Wales are playing

:21:12.:21:20.

Ireland in Cardiff. The current score is 15-6 to the Welsh, wind

:21:21.:21:25.

George North getting both tries so far, the only two tries of the game,

:21:26.:21:28.

they are around 15 minutes into the match for stop Tiger Woods says he

:21:29.:21:33.

won't be playing in next week's Arnold Palmer Invitational. He has

:21:34.:21:35.

done not recovered from the back spasms that forced him to withdraw

:21:36.:21:39.

from the Dubai Desert classic at the start of February. He is now a doubt

:21:40.:21:43.

for the Masters next month, and that is all the sport for now.

:21:44.:21:45.

Think you very much. Have you ever wondered what Infinity might look

:21:46.:21:54.

like? One Japanese artist has tried to catch it at this expedition an

:21:55.:22:01.

exhibition in Washington, DC. Her Infinity rooms coving to be very

:22:02.:22:05.

popular. Jane O'Brien has been to have a look. It's easy to get lost

:22:06.:22:12.

in one of these Infinity rooms. Even though they are physically quite

:22:13.:22:19.

tiny. Mirrors, lights warped perception of what is real and what

:22:20.:22:25.

is illusion. We are living in a time when almost everything that we see

:22:26.:22:29.

and experience is through digital technology, social media, e-mailing.

:22:30.:22:35.

That is so much a part of our lives and our perception that she reminds

:22:36.:22:40.

us that there is this other aspect of experiencing space that sometimes

:22:41.:22:50.

is more tactile. To understand how she reached Infinity, you need to

:22:51.:22:55.

step into her white room. As a child, she had a vision of polka

:22:56.:23:02.

dots. It led to an acute neurosis, which she confronted by focusing on

:23:03.:23:06.

dots in her art. Visitors are encouraged to stick them everywhere

:23:07.:23:09.

in this room, eventually obliterating the white and leading

:23:10.:23:13.

to oblivion, which brings us back to infinity. At first, being in this

:23:14.:23:19.

room makes me feel incredibly happy. I'm surrounded by glow-in-the-dark

:23:20.:23:22.

pumpkins, for goodness sake. But after a couple of seconds it

:23:23.:23:25.

actually becomes quite disturbing, because this is probably the closest

:23:26.:23:30.

any of us will come to seeing what Infinity must look like. And once

:23:31.:23:36.

you grasp that, you realise how utterly insignificant you really

:23:37.:23:43.

are. Most people inside these rooms image of the rich for their

:23:44.:23:46.

cellphones. This is, after all, the ultimate selfie. But not so fast,

:23:47.:23:55.

says the museum director. If you are in this in Trinity Mirror room and

:23:56.:23:59.

you don't stop and put down your phone, you are not truly

:24:00.:24:02.

experiencing it, because it is this moment where you are alone in the

:24:03.:24:07.

cosmos in one of these pieces, and it is a very compelling kind of

:24:08.:24:15.

poignant experience. Get past the show stopping Infinity rooms, and

:24:16.:24:18.

there's plenty more to tickle the senses. Philip Chua sculptures,

:24:19.:24:23.

dots, appendages, BOTS and more dots. -- voluptuous. She is arguably

:24:24.:24:33.

Japan's most important contemporary artist. This show reveals why her

:24:34.:24:41.

appeal is global. Stunning, isn't it? Now a reminder that BBC World

:24:42.:24:45.

News is brought to you live every day. That means that unexpected

:24:46.:24:50.

things can happen. Earlier today, our presenter James May Mendez was

:24:51.:24:53.

interviewing Professor Robert Kelly at his home in South Korea about the

:24:54.:25:00.

dramatic events there. He had some very important points today, but was

:25:01.:25:03.

overshadowed by his two young children. Take a look at this. These

:25:04.:25:08.

scandals happen all the time, the question is how do democracies

:25:09.:25:12.

respond to those scandals? What will it mean for the wider region? I

:25:13.:25:18.

think one of your children has just walked in. I would be surprised if

:25:19.:25:34.

they do. Pardon me. My apologies! What is this going to mean for the

:25:35.:25:38.

region? My apologies. North... Sorry. South Korea's policy choices

:25:39.:25:47.

on North Korea have been severely limited in the last X months... Talk

:25:48.:25:51.

about being completely upstaged, that is it from me and the team,

:25:52.:25:52.

goodbye for now. Hello, thank you for joining me. I

:25:53.:26:13.

will be giving you a flavour of the UK weather prospects in just a

:26:14.:26:15.

couple of minutes or so but first I want to take you around the world to

:26:16.:26:18.

show you a couple of the weather stories that have caught my eye for

:26:19.:26:23.

stop we return and I make

:26:24.:26:24.

Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS