10/03/2017 World News Today


10/03/2017

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Alpa Patel.

:00:07.:00:10.

The headlines: The offensive to reclaim

:00:11.:00:11.

the last Islamic State stronghold in Iraq intensifies.

:00:12.:00:13.

As security forces close in on Western Mosul,

:00:14.:00:17.

thousands of civilians remain trapped in the fighting.

:00:18.:00:21.

We talk to some of those who have managed to escape.

:00:22.:00:27.

Murder, rape and the destruction of villages - the BBC hears

:00:28.:00:31.

accounts of abuse suffered by Myanmar's Rohingya Muslim

:00:32.:00:34.

The deadly impact of ebola on gorillas -

:00:35.:00:50.

a third of the world's population killed by the disease

:00:51.:00:55.

And the pitfalls of working from home - see the moment a guest

:00:56.:00:58.

is interrupted by his children while giving

:00:59.:01:00.

It's also the so-called Islamic State's last major

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But Iraqi forces say they are within weeks of driving

:01:29.:01:33.

After five months of fighting there have been heavy casualties.

:01:34.:01:37.

But government forces now control the east of the city.

:01:38.:01:40.

Which is divided by the River Tigris.

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Now they're pushing into the west of the city,

:01:44.:01:47.

where hundreds of thousands of civilians remain trapped.

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And the militants are still deeply embedded.

:01:50.:01:51.

Our correspondent Orla Guerin and cameraman Nico Hameon

:01:52.:01:53.

are close to the front line and sent this report.

:01:54.:01:59.

They are fleeing on foot from western Mosul,

:02:00.:02:07.

Countless numbers are likely to follow,

:02:08.:02:15.

and imagine if this was all you could bring with you.

:02:16.:02:20.

Many waited 'til the fight came right to their door.

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At 76, forced to leave home for the first time in his life.

:02:26.:02:43.

He told us a mortar landed nearby, just moments before.

:02:44.:02:47.

His ten-year-old grandson and namesake, clutching his

:02:48.:02:50.

school bag, though his only lessons here were in war.

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"I'd like to go back to school right this minute", he said.

:02:59.:03:01.

So-called Islamic State stopped him going years ago.

:03:02.:03:08.

Now, back in Iraqi hands, for what it's worth,

:03:09.:03:10.

It was just four days ago they were driven from here.

:03:11.:03:26.

This is the Engineering Department of Mosul University.

:03:27.:03:31.

On the IS curriculum, how to make chemical weapons.

:03:32.:03:35.

It was a source of pride for the people of Mosul.

:03:36.:03:41.

It was also a key strategic location for the so-called Islamic State.

:03:42.:03:48.

It gave them high ground to dominate the area,

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it was heavily defended by Uzbek fighters and this is just one

:03:54.:03:56.

of the areas that's going to have to be rebuilt

:03:57.:03:59.

when the battle for Mosul is finally over.

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Some Uzbek militants are still lying where they fell,

:04:03.:04:05.

no decent burial for those who terrorised a city.

:04:06.:04:10.

Nearby, a suicide belt they didn't manage to use.

:04:11.:04:16.

At dusk, troops gather for the next push forward.

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Increasingly, they strike under cover of darkness.

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Hunting for the extremists who once controlled nearly a third of Iraq.

:04:26.:04:35.

Some of the hardest fighting may be ahead in

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In the narrow streets of the old city,

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Beneath a sky lit only by embers of battle.

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In the pitch black streets, few signs of life, but hundreds

:04:52.:04:53.

of thousands remain in western Mosul,

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This lady and her family are sheltering in an abandoned house

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Three of her loved ones are in hospital,

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I lost my house, my children were injured.

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Her beloved Mosul will never recover, she believes.

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What future for a broken city in a fractured nation,

:05:33.:05:42.

even after the extremists are pushed out?

:05:43.:05:46.

There are fears that when Iraqis finish fighting IS,

:05:47.:05:48.

Staying in the region, the Turkish military say troops

:05:49.:06:06.

and Turkish-backed rebels have killed more than 70 Kurdish

:06:07.:06:08.

fighters in northern Syria, just in the past week.

:06:09.:06:11.

Turkey has threatened to attack the town of Manbij that is held

:06:12.:06:14.

The group is supported by the US, which sees it

:06:15.:06:19.

as the most effective force to launch a long anticipated attack

:06:20.:06:23.

on Raqqa, the IS de facto capital in Syria.

:06:24.:06:28.

It comes as the Russian president, Vladimir Putin has praised

:06:29.:06:33.

what he called the "unexpected level of contacts" that are developing

:06:34.:06:35.

between Russian and Turkish military agencies and special services.

:06:36.:06:38.

Following talks in Moscow with his Turkish counterpart,

:06:39.:06:41.

Recep Tayyip Erdogan, he said the two countries

:06:42.:06:43.

were working energetically to solve the Syrian crisis.

:06:44.:07:01.

Moscow and Ankara concerning the future for Syria is the much

:07:02.:07:08.

different but it is different from the one that the United States have

:07:09.:07:17.

and it seems that for President Putin and President Erdogan it is

:07:18.:07:19.

easy to talk to each other than talk in that triangle involving the

:07:20.:07:25.

United States, Tokyo and Moscow. So Russia has already taken the grounds

:07:26.:07:28.

that it needs and they have the help to recapture Aleppo, they help to

:07:29.:07:31.

recapture Palmeiro, and Turkey tries to secure a buffer zone between

:07:32.:07:37.

Syria and its own borders. And they have much more grounds for

:07:38.:07:41.

cooperation and talks rather than each of them has with the United

:07:42.:07:45.

States because the United States is such a powerful player. The German

:07:46.:07:52.

car-maker Volkswagen has pleaded guilty in an American court to three

:07:53.:07:57.

criminal charges linked to the diesel emissions scandal. The plea

:07:58.:08:00.

as part of a deal with the US Justice Department, under which the

:08:01.:08:06.

company will pay fines of more than $4.3 billion. Volkswagen has

:08:07.:08:12.

admitted that, between 2009-2015, vehicles were fitted with illegal

:08:13.:08:15.

software allowing them to pass emissions tests whilst still

:08:16.:08:17.

producing high levels of pollution. It's something Myanmar's government

:08:18.:08:22.

doesn't want the rest of the world to know about -

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how it treats its About a million Rohingya live

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in Myanmar - but they're denied citizenship and the most basic

:08:27.:08:30.

of human rights. In the last six months,

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75,000 refugees have fled The BBC has heard numerous

:08:34.:08:35.

testimonies of rape and murder being committed

:08:36.:08:39.

by the Burmese security forces. Here's our Myanmar

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correspondent Jonah Fisher. We have been receiving shocking

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video from a part of Myanmar at this close to the outside world. The

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Burmese government is trying to keep what its soldiers of the to an

:09:06.:09:09.

unwanted Muslim minority a secret. So we have come across the border to

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Bangladesh. 75,000 Rohingya Muslims are fled here in the last few

:09:16.:09:20.

months. This is Muhammad. He says he left his village in November when it

:09:21.:09:24.

was attacked by Burmese soldiers. His elderly father was too frail to

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flee. Four days, Muhammad heard nothing. Then when the Army

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withdrew, he returned to a gruesome scene.

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TRANSLATION:... This extremely distressing footage

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was from Mohamed's village. He tells me he believes his dad was shot, and

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the body burn. -- burned. Mohammed's story is

:09:57.:10:18.

supported by a video that we have verified of helicopters overhead,

:10:19.:10:23.

burning homes and large numbers of burnt bodies. Rate has been alleged

:10:24.:10:29.

on a massive scale. This woman became famous in Myanmar when she

:10:30.:10:35.

bravely spoke out about the abuse of Rohingya were meant to a team of

:10:36.:10:39.

government investigators. Months later we found in Bangladesh. She

:10:40.:10:42.

told us what the soldiers had done to her.

:10:43.:11:08.

She says she had to flee Myanmar after soldiers printed out her

:11:09.:11:15.

picture and came looking for her. The sheer scale of what the Rohingya

:11:16.:11:20.

refugees are alleging, with hundreds still doubt been killed and many

:11:21.:11:24.

more abuse, has shocked this United Nations envoy. I would say crimes

:11:25.:11:30.

against humanity. Definite crimes against humanity. How much

:11:31.:11:39.

responsibility should the leader of Myanmar therefore this? At the end

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of the day it is the government, the civilian government, that has the

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answer and respond to these massive cases of horrific torture and very

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inhumane crimes that they have committed against their own people.

:11:56.:12:03.

Myanmar's form of democracy icon refused all our interview requests.

:12:04.:12:11.

The United Nations has accused this country of crimes against humanity.

:12:12.:12:16.

Do you have any response to that? We spoke to one of her closest aides.

:12:17.:12:25.

That she take on board what people are saying when they say that it

:12:26.:12:28.

does not seem like she cares about the human rights of the Rohingya,

:12:29.:12:35.

for example? Please change the subject. We do not talk about the

:12:36.:12:39.

Rohingya. Hundreds of them have been killed. That is why we are raising

:12:40.:12:44.

the issue. Not hundreds. It is almost one year since all San Suu

:12:45.:12:49.

Kyi took office. So far the price of power has been silence and the

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principles and values once synonymous with her name. Let's take

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a look at some other news. EU leaders have stressed

:12:59.:13:03.

the importance of unity at a meeting ahead of Britain's expected

:13:04.:13:06.

departure from the bloc. The president of the European

:13:07.:13:08.

Council, Donald Tusk, should be to strengthen mutual trust

:13:09.:13:10.

for the remaining 27 members as they discuss proposals

:13:11.:13:14.

for a multi-speed Europe. Members of the Standing Rock Sioux

:13:15.:13:19.

Nation and their supporters have marched through the streets

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of Washington to protest against the controversial

:13:23.:13:25.

Dakota Access Pipeline. Native American tribes say leaks

:13:26.:13:27.

from the oil pipeline will pollute water supplies and endanger sites

:13:28.:13:31.

they consider sacred. The Formula 1 world has paid tribute

:13:32.:13:38.

to the former champion racing driver and motorcyclist John Surtees,

:13:39.:13:42.

who has died at the age of 83. John Surtees is the only man to win

:13:43.:13:46.

World Championships Tens of thousands of South Koreans

:13:47.:13:49.

have come out on the streets of Seoul to celebrate a court

:13:50.:14:01.

decision to remove President Park

:14:02.:14:08.

Geun-hye from office. The court upheld a parliamentary

:14:09.:14:09.

vote to impeach Ms Park over her role in a corruption

:14:10.:14:12.

scandal involving one

:14:13.:14:13.

of her close friends. The friend is accused of using her

:14:14.:14:31.

presidential connections to pressure companies to give millions of

:14:32.:14:35.

dollars in donations to foundations she controls. She is now on trial.

:14:36.:14:39.

In December Parliament voted to impeach President Park with the

:14:40.:14:43.

final decision moving to the Constitutional Court. In February,

:14:44.:14:49.

the boss of Samsun became involved in the scandal. He was arrested and

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accused of making donations in return for political favours. His

:14:54.:14:58.

trial started on Thursday. Today comes the final episode, as the

:14:59.:15:03.

Constitutional Court rules to uphold the impeachment and President Park

:15:04.:15:05.

is ousted from power. The chief justice says that Park

:15:06.:15:26.

broke the law, and the trust of the people. Outside the court, pro Park

:15:27.:15:34.

protesters clashed with police. Officers struggled to stop

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demonstrators on the other side toppling a bus. Two protesters died.

:15:38.:15:49.

The night, anti Park protesters have been holding a victory rally. I felt

:15:50.:15:56.

shivers going down my spine and I'm sure I'm not the only one in South

:15:57.:16:00.

Korea today to feel this way. It is an extraordinary thing in the

:16:01.:16:05.

history of a country to see the president removed the democratic

:16:06.:16:08.

constitutional mechanism. There will be an election within two months.

:16:09.:16:23.

For three months, protesters have chanted that President Park must go.

:16:24.:16:32.

Tonight, she spent her last night in the Presidential Palace. She may yet

:16:33.:16:34.

end up behind bars. News about the recent outbreaks

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of Ebola in West Africa has centred

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on its devastating impact on humans. But gorilla populations

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are known to have suffered A third of the world's gorillas have

:16:47.:16:48.

been killed by ebola When a group is infected,

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around 95% of them die. With all four species of gorilla now

:16:53.:17:04.

critically endangered, researchers from Cambridge

:17:05.:17:07.

University want to immunize Our science correspondent

:17:08.:17:09.

Rebecca Morelle has more. In the African forests, an animal

:17:10.:17:14.

at risk of vanishing forever. Gorillas already face many threats,

:17:15.:17:20.

from poaching to habitat loss, but perhaps the most

:17:21.:17:28.

worrying is ebola. The deadly disease is thought

:17:29.:17:29.

to have wiped out many thousands So we put it on the sides

:17:30.:17:32.

of the nose This scientist has carried out

:17:33.:17:41.

a small trial on captive chimps, the last before bio-medical

:17:42.:17:47.

research on these animals He found a vaccine protected them

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against the virus and now he wants

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to use it on gorillas in the wild. Ebola and other diseases

:17:55.:17:57.

are a huge threat. If these were our children,

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we vaccinate our children, right? We vaccinate wildlife

:18:00.:18:01.

in the developed world. Why aren't we vaccinating our

:18:02.:18:07.

closest relatives in Africa? The deadly toll of ebola in humans

:18:08.:18:12.

is all too well-known. The 2013 outbreak in West Africa

:18:13.:18:17.

killed more than 11,000 people. Now, though, there's

:18:18.:18:22.

an effective human vaccine. Ebola in humans and gorillas

:18:23.:18:26.

is closely linked. The virus can

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cross between species. Some argue that gorillas should

:18:30.:18:31.

now be immunised, too. Gorillas are one of our closest

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relatives and saving is now a number one priority

:18:41.:18:42.

for conservationists and an ebola vaccine does offer

:18:43.:18:45.

some much needed hope, but there could be

:18:46.:18:48.

significant risks. Finding a method to get a dose

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of the vaccine into every

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gorilla would be difficult. There's also a risk that it

:18:54.:18:54.

could harm the animals, We, as great ape conservationists,

:18:55.:18:56.

are concerned about any unintended impacts on the health of the target

:18:57.:19:03.

apes, such as introduction of a disease that might spread

:19:04.:19:08.

amongst the intended population The future of these animals

:19:09.:19:11.

is hanging in the balance. The forests are currently free

:19:12.:19:19.

of ebola, but it's inevitable

:19:20.:19:21.

it will strike again. Conservationists need to decide

:19:22.:19:24.

whether the risk of vaccinating or not vaccinating is one they're

:19:25.:19:27.

willing to take. Absolutely stunning animals, aren't

:19:28.:19:32.

they? Have you ever wondered

:19:33.:19:42.

what infinity might look like? The 87-year-old Japanese artist

:19:43.:19:44.

Yayoi Kusama has pretty much captured the experience

:19:45.:19:47.

at an exhibition at the Hirshhorn

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Museum in Washington. The 87-year-old Japanese artist

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Yayoi Kusama has pretty much at the Hirshhorn

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Museum in Washington. It's become one of the art events

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of the year, with long lines to glimpse inside her

:19:57.:20:00.

so-called infinity rooms. Jane O'Brien went to see

:20:01.:20:01.

what all the fuss is about. It is easy to get lost in one of

:20:02.:20:08.

Yayoi Kusama's row in committee rooms even though they are

:20:09.:20:13.

physically quite tiny. Mirrors and lights warped perceptions of what is

:20:14.:20:18.

real and what is illusion. We are living in a time when almost

:20:19.:20:23.

everything we see and experience is through digital technology, through

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digital media, through e-mail and so on. That is so much a part of our

:20:27.:20:32.

lives and perception that she reminds us that there is this other

:20:33.:20:38.

aspect of experiencing space that sometimes is more tactile. To

:20:39.:20:45.

understand how Yayoi Kusama reached infinity, you need to step into her

:20:46.:20:53.

white room. As a child, Kusama had a vision of polka dots which led to an

:20:54.:20:58.

acute neurosis which she confronted by focusing on dots in her art.

:20:59.:21:02.

Visitors are encouraged to stick them everywhere in this room,

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eventually obliterating the white and leading to oblivion. Which

:21:08.:21:11.

brings us back to infinity. At first being in this room makes me feel

:21:12.:21:16.

incredibly happy, surrounded by glow-in-the-dark pumpkins, for

:21:17.:21:19.

goodness sake. But after a couple of seconds it becomes quite disturbing,

:21:20.:21:22.

because this is probably the closest any of us will come to seeing what

:21:23.:21:27.

infinity must look like, and once you grasp that, you realise how

:21:28.:21:31.

utterly insignificant you really are. Most people inside these rooms

:21:32.:21:40.

immediately reached for their are. Most people inside these rooms

:21:41.:21:41.

cellphones. This is, after all, the ultimate selfie. But, not so fast,

:21:42.:21:49.

says the museum director. If you are in this infinity mode room and you

:21:50.:21:54.

don't stop and put down your phone, you're not truly experiencing it

:21:55.:21:58.

because it is this moment when you are alone in the cosmos, in one of

:21:59.:22:04.

these pieces, and it is a very compelling, kind of poignant

:22:05.:22:10.

feeling. Get past the show stopping infinity rooms and there is plenty

:22:11.:22:12.

more to tickle the senses. Voluptuous sculptures, dots,

:22:13.:22:24.

appendages, dots and poor box. Yoyoi Kusama is arguably the most

:22:25.:22:27.

important contemporary artist in Japan. This exhibition reveals why

:22:28.:22:35.

her appeal is global. An absolute feast for the eyes, that one.

:22:36.:22:43.

Present Donald Trump has spoken to the Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas

:22:44.:22:46.

by phone. It's the first conversation between them since Mr

:22:47.:22:51.

Trump took office in January. A spokesman for the Palestinian leader

:22:52.:22:54.

said the US president has invited him to visit the White House to

:22:55.:22:58.

discuss peace talks. His spokesman went on to say that President Trump

:22:59.:23:01.

invited the Palestinian leader to visit soon.

:23:02.:23:05.

A sea turtle in Thailand is recovering well after

:23:06.:23:07.

an operation to remove 915 coins from its stomach.

:23:08.:23:14.

The 25-year-old turtle, nicknamed Bank, for obvious reasons,

:23:15.:23:22.

in various currencies than 5kg of coins

:23:23.:23:25.

that tourists had tossed into the pond where she lived.

:23:26.:23:30.

Occasionally most of us are guilty of being hungry for cash and a sea

:23:31.:23:36.

turtle and Thailand is no different. She was brought from a pond in a

:23:37.:23:41.

small fishing village to bets in Bangkok to investigate a cracked

:23:42.:23:45.

shell. Attention soon turn to her extraordinary weight. An x-ray

:23:46.:23:49.

revealed the cause. This saw the mass that you can see in the stomach

:23:50.:23:58.

is in fact 915 coins. Now nicknamed Bank for obvious reasons, the turtle

:23:59.:24:02.

is lucky to be alive. The removal of the money took hours of emergency

:24:03.:24:06.

surgery, which Bank has certainly paid for, physically. The healing

:24:07.:24:11.

seems to be OK. There is no secondary infection, because we are

:24:12.:24:19.

using sterile sea water but the nickel concentration is very high

:24:20.:24:22.

and her, so that, we have to work on. The coins which were withdrawn

:24:23.:24:28.

from Bank are a variety of international currencies. Many

:24:29.:24:32.

tourists had tossed them into the pond to invite luck over the years.

:24:33.:24:37.

Luck which has certainly rubbed off on this fortunate creature. Now a

:24:38.:24:45.

reminder that BBC world News is brought to you live every day.

:24:46.:24:46.

Which means - on air - the unexpected can happen.

:24:47.:24:49.

Earlier today, our presenter James Menendez was interviewing

:24:50.:24:53.

Professor Robert Kelly, at his home in South Korea,

:24:54.:24:55.

He had some very important points to make - but I think it's fair

:24:56.:25:04.

to say you'll do well to remember them after this.

:25:05.:25:06.

He was overshadowed by his children. Scandals happen all the time. The

:25:07.:25:13.

question is how democracies respond to them. I think one of your

:25:14.:25:17.

children has just walked in. Shifting sands in the region. Maybe

:25:18.:25:22.

relations with North Korea change? I would be surprised if they do.

:25:23.:25:36.

Pardon me. My apologies! What does it mean for the region? My

:25:37.:25:47.

apologies. Sorry. South Korea's policies towards North Korea have

:25:48.:25:49.

been severely limited in the last six months... It is no wonder that

:25:50.:25:56.

that clip as one while. That is the nature of live TV. And Professor

:25:57.:26:00.

Robert Kelley made it through professionally. Goodbye for

:26:01.:26:00.

Robert Kelley made it through professionally. Goodbye for now.

:26:01.:26:07.

The weekend is looking pretty mixed across the UK. The best day of the

:26:08.:26:14.

weekend by far will be Saturday. Quite mild, particularly in the

:26:15.:26:18.

south. Sunday will bring some rainfall, not a lot but there will

:26:19.:26:21.

be some across the country. Right now it is overcast out there. There

:26:22.:26:25.

is a weather front approaching and it is going to bring some rain to

:26:26.:26:29.

north-western parts of the course of Friday

:26:30.:26:30.

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