24/05/2012 The One Show


Graham Norton is in the studio before flying off to Azerbaijan for the Eurovision Song Contest. Dr Mark Porter discovers how distracting the brain can result in less pain.

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Hello and welcome to The One Show with Matt Baker and Alex Jones.


With just three days to go until the most watched and you'll non-


sporting event on a Saturday in May, in the world ever, the Saturday is


abuzz with excitement for this Saturday's Eurovision Song Contest.


That's enough! That's enough! The brief was excitement, that was over


the top! And the man keeping us entertained throughout will be Mr


Graham Norton. Thank you, thank you. Graham, you are bound for the


airport within a matter of hours. It is very exciting. Have you seen


Engelbert Humperdinck in the German flag. He is not a fall, he is going


for votes! His mother is half- German? Engelbert, let's face it...


People won't know where he is from. They really weren't! The Germans


have a good entry this year. Very good. Germany have done so much to


irritate the rest of Europe going into this, that they may have blown


it for the poor boy. We heard that Spain don't want to win it because


they can't afford to. Greece is quite a good song, what if they


win? A they'd better not turn up. Everyone wants to come second!


Eyes of a with a pain in my side every day at 7:00pm. I am only


joking, I can't carry it off! On a more serious note, there are around


10 million people in the UK living with constant pain every day.


Doctors are discovering that distracting the brain could be the


I am just about to disappear inside one of the most advanced brain


imaging systems in the world. It is helping scientists in Oxford unlock


the secrets of the most mysterious of all human sensations, plane. --


pain. These machines can see pain impulses arriving in the brain.


Pain is in the brain, that is its job. The brains job is to process


those signals that are coming in, often from the damaged bit of the


body and give you that experience. How are you doing? I am inside


abortion issue! I am about to be given shots of burning -- I am


inside a washing machine. I am about to be given shots of burning


plane. We are giving him a five second heat steamers which he is


writing a seven to read, so that is strong. A couple more seconds, he


will want to take the device of -- The images of processed, hot spots


light up to show the extent of the pain in my brain. The Burn causes


what is called acute pain, it can last a few seconds or few months,


alerting the brain to damage and given the body time to heal. Some


people suffer chronic pain, which can last a lifetime, either because


the injury can't heal, or more mysteriously, long after it has


gone away. Professor Irene Tracey wants to understand chronic pain,


and beat it. Jenny Parkes knows how debilitating chronic pain can be.


Hers began seven years ago after a minor injury. I didn't expect


anything like this to go on as long as it did. It is like I have a


burning hot rods stuck in the side of my neck, my neck gets very stiff


and I get headaches. Nobody could pinpoint or explain why I had back


pain. I saw quite a few doctors and a couple of them told me I was


putting it on, more or less. desperation, Jenny joined a four-


week course at St Thomas's Hospital in London. No new drugs, no fancy


treatment, instead, a programme to encourage the brain to take control.


Her goal is to get people doing more and to be more functional, to


participate. Exercise, socialising, discussion, even facing forgotten


chores like ironing, are all part of the course designed to put


chronic pain into the background. If you are desperate, depressed,


not working, if you're paying won't go away, if it has been years, this


is the approach that is the most likely to get you functioning again.


These people still suffer pain, but learned to put it into the back of


their minds. Jenny Parkes is now fully active and back at work.


Although the pain is there in the background, I am not focusing on it,


which I was before. Once you understand the mechanics of it, it


takes the fear out of it. It means I can get back to my normal life


and I am not thinking about my neck the whole time. It seems too simple


to be true. Somehow the brain is putting paint to one side. Back in


Oxford, Professor Irene Tracey is using a machine that can see inside


your head to explore how this could be. She showed me what her


experiments with brain scans are starting to reveal. The coloured


bit is activity? Exactly right. That is where the brain is actually


working. It is not just one little area that is responsible for


monitoring bone pain? For many years, people for there was one


bits mac that people thought there was one bit. It is a lot more


complicated. We take our minds of pain by stimulating different areas


of the brain. I can produce in the scanner, but have you do


complicated maths so you are distracting. Even though you're


doing -- getting the same Ed Byrne, you will tell me it does not hurt


as much -- getting the same ban. Our camp these results have people


living with long-term pain? information is very helpful because


it helps us translate it to patients, to say these are the bits


you can tap into. Because if you tap into that, you have an in-built


system to turn the paying off. It is just as powerful as turning the


temperature down -- to turn the paying off. This is a fantastic


that -- a fascinating subject. Is it as simple as that in the thought


to the back of your mind? I wish. That course that we look at looks


at lot of different ways of dealing with pain. These are people living


with paint and it can't often be medical explain, it can't be helped.


They think pain when they wake up so their mobility has gone. They


are in a visit to -- a vicious spiral down. The pain management


helps them live with the pain. Distraction is one of the


techniques, one of many. Lots of people will be sceptical but if you


are in chronic pain and have been for five, eight years, you would


try anything. Are these courses readily available? It is a very


specialist course available on the NHS through referral from your GP,


but you have to be pretty desperate and have had quite a problem to get


to a course like that. Areas around the country will have pain


management tennis, offering the same sort of approach. Not dealing


with more injections but dealing with how you cope with the pain. In


nearly every big NHS area, they are available for free, and you have to


be referred through your GP. And the patient has to have faith.


Being told that you will be taught to live with your pain rather than


cure it is difficult. Do you have any issues, Graham? The worst pain


I had was when I broke three ribs, that stays with you. I know what


they mean about pain, it does likely go away as you live your day


and it is at night, when all distraction has gone, that is when


the toothache is worse, your elbow A classic thing is the rugby player.


At the time you don't notice the pain. To have the skills to be able


to do the pain management. Pain management teaches you how to cope


and relax and not to make the pain all-consuming. Is this the future?


Irene Tracey, we touched about her work but -- touched on her work but


she is helping us understand it. We treat chronic pain as a disease in


its own right, rather than a symptom, and treat people how to


manage it better. Maybe we can come up with drugs that act on the brain


rather than the money itself. -- rather than your knee itself.


of people hate injections, Graham? I don't mind them. For those people


who hate them... Any half-decent doctor or nurse will tell you do


not draw the syringe in front of the patient, you distract them and


would you hopeful, is that it, that is the idea of a good amp the --


injection. You are doing a few more films for us? We are doing both tax


and headaches -- Botox and headaches, and we are meeting a man


who can't feel any pain at all. He may have the answer to some of the


problems but we have to wait and see. Now it is time for Mike Dilger


to play red or black on the Pennines, with some wild grouse.


Britain has many impressive bird species, but only a handful perform


an intricate courting dance. Performed in a very specific


location called a lake. This is the process where males congregate on a


regular patch, to display and fight, all with the ultimate aim of


attracting many mates as possible. One of these species has been in


real trouble. Black grouse numbers are low. In 2010, there were less


than 500 miles in England. Part of the problem is that they need a


variety of habitats, like heather moorland and dense grassland, which


have disappeared. Phil Oren from the Game and Wildlife Conservation


Trust has been working to restore those areas -- Philip Warren. But


it is only part of the problem. Males tend to gather at the lack


rather than travelling, so they don't spread, but the hens do.


the young hens that are born here move in the first year. They are


moving on average nine kilometres, but up to 30. We have lacks in the


corner of the range getting bigger and on the edge of the reins, hens


are moving to areas where there are no Mail's -- edge of the range.


solution comes at night. By catching surplus males and moving


them to newly-planted areas with the females, he can spread the


population. Black grouse are so rare and nervous, it has got to be


dark or they will fly away. The chips are stacked against us,


because the much more common red grouse lives here, too. There are


thousands of them and just a handful of blacks. It is like


playing grouse roulette in the dark. It is not easy. This is not quite


mission impossible, but not far off. It is almost an hour before we


catch a glimpse of something. We have just caught sight of a grouse,


he has got the eyes shine reflected in that head torch. Red or black,


let's see. We have got a grouse, and it is red. I have never seen a


red grouse close. How much more common are the red grouse here?


this time of year you would find 30 per square kilometre, the black


grouse, typically more one per square kilometre. In five years,


Phil and his team have caught and relocated just 39 males. And I can


see why. Was there something there? Another read, and another. That is


three hours' solid graph, and not a single black grouse to be found. It


is like a needle in a haystack, looking for them. To make up for it,


Phil has promised me a treat. On one condition, have to get up super


Five miles up the road is an established Lech and a special hide.


Phil had to get me into the hide whilst it was still dark, otherwise


we might have spent the black grouse, which hopefully will be


dancing on an out here, as soon as it gets light. -- the leg just out


here. As dawn arrives, so do the grass with their beautiful bubbling


call. All of a sudden, the light has improved and those white


bottoms are standing out like huge rosettes. This is a spectacle. And


with a female black grouse arrived, the real show begins. Phil, the


birds have suddenly got incredibly active. Yes, two hens have arrived


in the middle. The males are going absolutely bonkers, they are


running around the females, jumping up in front of them, trying to


Thanks to Phil and his night missions, black grouse have doubled


in England in the last two years. We did not catch up with a black


grouse last night, but Phil has delivered this morning, 25 times


over! He looks absolutely shattered, Mike. I know, he is always rooting


around in the dark. Bless him. We will treat him and give him a film


in the day, soon. Now, Graham Norton, you have just


met up with Madonna? Well, I met her. Not even soberally.


Did she affect you? It was a semi- religious experience. You know, you


have met a lot of famous people, I have, it is different to that, it


is on another level. Imagine meeting Oprah.


I did meet her after Blue Peter, we ended up talking about wrestling.


Bizarre. We actually wrestled with Madonna.


But you are not a massive Madonna fan, are you? I don't mind. She is


alright. He prefers Neil Diamond.


The funny thing is you end up talking about odd things, she ended


up confronting you about why you asked -- named your dog after her.


I didn't name the dog after you! I know, the dog is called Madge...


But... What does that mean? Well, it was a rescue dog... Wait! It was


a rescue dog, when I went to the rescue place, they had already


called her Madonna, so I thought I can't have a dog called Madonna, so


I called her Madge. What is the other dog's name?


Bailey. Not Gaga?! Did you feel more tense


as you are a Madonna fan? Were you worried that the programme would


not go well? I so wanted it to go well, but once it starts, you are


at work. You know, Madonna is at work too, but you are at work and


you just get on with it, but it was a huge relief when it was done and


dusted and I was able to give myself a big tick on the bucket


list. Was the dog really called Madonna? Oh, it was. Imagine being


in the park, "Madonna! Madonna." We are such good friends.


Now, the Eurovision Song Contest, have you done lots of revision for


this? Loads! It is a long journey, so I will be reading owl the -- all


the way. You are in the commentary box?


is a funny booth at the top. You are miles away. You can look out


the window, but if you really want to see everything there is a


monitor. A television. Set the scene, is it warm, do you


have to squint to see the stage is tiny. There is two of us, that


is all it fits. You look out, the stage is a mile away.


You get a good sense of the atmosphere, the spectacle of it all.


I don't know if you have seen the semi-finals, the Stadium is


enormous, and it is specifically built.


Well, we have done you a little test to help you out with swotting,


it is called Your Revision. First of all, have you seen the


pronouncation for the Greek entry? It is a tough one. Alex has been


practising it. How would you say that? Etheral.


That's good. Well, I was close.


Yours is better. I like to make a few mistakes to


make myself appear hiem! There is a lass with toot use, -- tat use.


Yes, she has "believe" and then "love" do you know who that is?


she through to the finals? She has. I would say she is rough as guts.


Oh, oh, Netherlands! I think she is going through? I think she is going


through tonight. He is clued up. Well, don't miss Graham Norton's


show tomorrow night and the Eurovision Song Contest on Saturday


at 8.00pm. Now it is one of the hardest jobs in the world, you


don't need qualifications or get paid, you have guessed it, we are


talking about parenting. In a new scheme, parents are to be given the


opportunity to attend parenting classes, but is being a good mum or


dad being something that you can really learn? Cherry Healey went to


find out. In twine, my beautiful daughter, --


in 2009, my beautiful daughter was pose. Now I am presented with a


difficult question: How to become the best possible parent for my


daughter? It is one of the best jobs in the world. It can be hard


sometimes, no-one can prepare you for the things you are going to


face. The tricky thing is that kids don't come with a manual. Will you


come and tidy your toys up? No, I don't want to.


Well, help may be at hand. The Government is piloting a scheme in


selected areas in the country, through which any parent with a


child under the age of five is entitled to a voucher worth �100 in


parenting classes. Today I'm off to find out the secret by attending


one of them. According to the Government, 85% want more help with


practical help with their children, according to the Government.


What would you say you need more of? I want help with my kids.


I have three boys. I am a panicky mum. I am worried. Something --


sometimes I hold back with my boys. Sometimes I think I'm not a good


mum. I think so many mums feel they are


not being good enough. It is not an exact science science it is very


scary? It is. It is. I hope after the course I can let go of the fear


and be a good mum for my kids. So, I have my voucher. I don't want


to be late. This course is run over five weeks and covers the big ones,


communication, love, and today's hot topic... The theme today is


rules. At the moment, the scheme is being


trailled in Camden in London with more due in middleshire and


Derbyshire, but if it proves a success, there are plans to roll it


out across the country. We are asking ourselves to spend


more time with our children, listening to them. So, how did you


get on? I ended up chatting with my son a lot. It was really beautiful


to sit with him and talk with him. That's lovely. One of the things


our children needs is attention. Remember last week... This course


is run by a mother of free, Bebe, she's been parenting coach for a


year. Do you think that we really need


the classes? Don't people parent by insink? The group -- parent by


instinct? The group is so supportive of each other. There is


a relief to talk to each other and know they that are not the only


parent in the world trying to get their child to sleep at night.


halfway through the session and now I'm beginning to enjoy it. After


the introductions and everyone relaxed, it has been a lot of fun.


I have four things to do when I go home. Why are you doing this class?


To help improve my way of dealing with the children it is not


necessarily for badly behaved Children In Need or bad parenting,


but it is to meet me in the middle with the children. All of the other


things that people are doing, you think you may try that one.


I have a cracking one from you, if they are being naughty to set on


the step and think about what they have done. I'm going to use that.


Most of this is common sense, but actually, why I amen joying it


gives you time to think. Life is so busy. It is really nice to take a


moment to think about how you parent.


That really doesn't happen often. Because classes like these are


voluntary, the critics of the scheme argue that they will not


attract the parents that need them the most and others could be put


off as they fear being labelled a bad parent.


Thank you very much for coming to Parent Gym. I look forward to


seeing you next week. So, the class is over, but, what


have I learned? Will it make me a better parent? I was cynical about


parenting classes, I thought I could get that information on the


internet, but I have had a lovely time. It is great to hear parents


talk honestly about what they are struggling with. It makes you feel


less alone. I think that I would go to parenting classes again,


actually, there is no such thing as a perfect parent.


Would you go? Now that I have two, but at the beginning.


Well, Graham we are sure you have been to dozens of film premieres,


but tonight, now, are the stars all there, Lizzie? There are hundreds


of stars, the villagers of Kingston Bagpuize, they have invested


everything in this film, Tortoise In Love. They have funded this film,


they have acted in it, they have let people stay in their house for


weeks on end while it was filmed, now they are walking up the red


carpet to their premiere. It is so exciting for the villagers. It is a


captivating rom-com it is boy meets girl. Hilarious consequences,


hopefully it will go global. Imagine how excited they are. This


morning I spent time with them as they made their preparations.


Ahead of the premiere, there is only one place to be in the village


of qing Kingston, this that -- in the village of Kingston Bagpuize,


that is the hairdresser's! Lovely, all appointments then blocked out


for the film premiere. How would you describe the mood in the


village today? I think it is electric. It is all that everyone


is talking about. What was your part in the film?


didn't have a name, I was just the old lady in the tea shop and


because I am doddery any way, it was typecast... Do you need help?


Myself and Angela and my team here we came in at 6.00pm and did the


hair for the film. A critical question, have you got


your dress sorted? Yes, I got my dress yesterday. I'm hoping that my


husband will be talking to me when he finds out how much money I have


spent on it. Sue, what was your involvement in


the masterpiece? I headed up the WI catering team. I had 46 fantastic


volunteers and we did nothing but bake.


Not only were 400 locals involved in front and behind the camera, but


the budget was raised by the local residents as well. This means that


the community will share in financial success at the box office.


Did I say that autoloud?! Now, it took two years from making the film


for it to be drinted until tonight's premiere, did you think -


-dies trib ueted d --dies Buted, did you think it would happen?


us, it was a long time coming, but we are finally glad that we have


achieved it. Now, I have to get my frock on.


Usualally, the stars arrive in a limbo, but no, our villagers


arrived in a tractor. Of course. David and his wife, Catrin are the


local farmers. David, what was it like being in the film? You play


yourself, basically? I do. It was great fun, but I decided I'm not


cut out for acting. I don't think that Hollywood will come calling, I


think that I will stick to milking cows.


Now, lots of stars have walked the red carpet, but this is Joan. If


Harvey Weinstein calls are you available? Of course I am! I'm not


like him, I am ready for any offers. Do you know what, many stars are


born tonight, Joan is one of them. Have a great night.


That is classic British! Arriving in a tractor. That is all we have


time for tonight. Thank you very much, Graham Norton. Don't miss the


Matt Baker and Alex Jones present the stories that matter from across the country. Graham Norton is in the studio before flying off to Azerbaijan for the Eurovision Song Contest.

Dr Mark Porter discovers how distracting the brain can result in less pain.

In a new scheme set up by the government to help combat the breakdown in family discipline, parents will be given the opportunity to attend parenting classes. Cherry Healey went to find out if you can really learn to be a good parent.

And in London's Leicester Square there is the premiere of a new British film funded by the people of Kingston Bagpuize in Oxfordshire, with villagers acting as the cast and crew.

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