Episode 2 Garrow's Law


Episode 2

Period drama. William Garrow, now a celebrated barrister, defends a man accused of being the infamous Monster, responsible for a series of stabbings of young ladies across London.


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Transcript


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I will be an Old Bailey barrister.

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-I have both to serve me?

-You are instructed.

-This goes very well.

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-Who is this?

-William Garrow.

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Court shall rise!

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Two hangings before lunch. I recommend the broth.

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And I recommend you read your brief, again.

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-Guilty.

-No! No!

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I will pay for Mr Garrow.

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This young woman may be executed in consequence of your evidence. Will you not venture to recall?

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My husband would consider my participation in this an infidelity.

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Not guilty.

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Hurry up with that!

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The prosecutor is a gentleman...

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-I've read the brief.

-..Of Cavendish Square!

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-Julius Champion Crespigny.

-Pronounced Crapeney.

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What I mean to say is, be careful.

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You are not invulnerable, William.

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-And how will I defend William Haywood?

-Indeed, how will you?

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He shall not speak and I shall not call witnesses.

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He shall be innocent until proven otherwise.

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Mr Crespigny shall have to prove guilt.

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And with my assistance, he shall not.

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William Haywood was indicted for stealing, on 21st August last,

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one pair of plated chariot harness, valued ten shillings,

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the property of William Champion Crespigny Esquire.

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-How do you plead?

-Not guilty, sir.

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Call William Crespigny!

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I think he said he'd meet us in an hour.

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Oh! Maria!

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Some assistance here!

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For God's sake, some assistance!

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Mr Haywood was my coachman a very few months.

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He quitted it the 12th of August.

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I paid him his wages and went to the country.

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After I had been in Berkshire three or four weeks,

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I wrote to town for the old harness and it did not come.

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-Why write for the old harness, Mr Crespigny?

-I required it.

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I see. And you have two coaches?

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-I have one.

-Ah, well... I am indeed sorry for that.

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Mr Garrow!

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Sir, but one coach and you required, all of a sudden, two harnesses?

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Am I at fault for requiring my property?

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Was the old harness laid by as unserviceable?

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I knew it was useful but might want repair.

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Then if not unserviceable, unusable, but still you wrote for it?

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-I am not at fault for that.

-Did it have a sentimental attachment?

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It pained you to be separate from it?

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-Is that your only fault? You loved it too well?

-My Lord.

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-You will not mock me, sir!

-Mr Garrow.

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Address yourself to the evidence and how to disprove it.

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When this coachman was engaged, did you make a bargain with him?

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-I did, of course.

-Good.

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And I will trouble you to state it.

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I believe, at first, he asked for 26 guineas.

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-I do not recollect.

-This will be very important.

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I'm afraid I must trouble you to tax your recollection.

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I believe, in the end, the standing wages agreed

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were to be 22 guineas, together with other articles.

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Yes.

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Yes! Yes.

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-Now we do make progress.

-I cannot say.

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Do you recollect whether he was to have the old wheels and the old harnesses to make up the sum?

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I never allowed old wheels and old harnesses to any coachman!

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Well, then, explain to me what those articles were that were to make up the 22 guineas to be 26 guineas?

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I believe...

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I believe I paid him 25 guinea.

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-I do not have such a minute recollection.

-A few moments ago, you recollected it perfectly.

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-Now you'll guess away a man's liberty.

-25 guineas.

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I understood you.

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The agreement was 22 guineas a year wages.

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But what other agreements did you make besides?

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I believe there were...boots and breeches and...a number of...

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-a number of etceteras that the coachmen generally have.

-Etceteras?

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Etceteras?

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An old harness in want of repair, perhaps?

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Under the pretence of my giving it to him, he took the plated harness out of my stable.

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Upon this man being discharged, did he, by your desire,

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deliver you an inventory of the things in the stable?

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-He did.

-Good. Do you have the inventory?

-Of course I have not.

-Ah.

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What if I was to tell you the old harness is not listed in it.

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-Impossible!

-And if I have here the inventory that proves it?

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My Lord, this is improper.

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Mr Garrow,

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are you attempting to introduce new evidence?

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My Lord, I'm merely introducing the face of Mr Crespigny to the jury at this moment.

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It is my fervent wish that they mark it.

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Mr Garrow, I will not have such tricks in my court.

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My Lord, I apologise for the creation of such a misleading impression.

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But I cannot best Mr Crespigny, who stands before me, in the way of that vice.

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Mr Crespigny,

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I believe that at the time you parted, you were in considerable displeasure with this man.

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I was.

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And how it shows still.

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How it shows.

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No more questions, my Lord.

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Who would you call now, Mr Silvester?

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The shaking servant still in the gentleman's employment?

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I call...

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Benjamin Weaver, servant to Mr Crespigny.

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LAUGHTER

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JUDGE BANGS GAVEL

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-Thank you, Mr Garrow. ..Mr Southouse.

-You're welcome.

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You attract some attention, Mr Garrow.

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-You will introduce yourself, sir?

-Thomas Rawlings, from the London Gazette.

-I see.

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He came for a murder but all he has today is a diary item that a defence counsel was witty!

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-Come.

-Witty, fierce and merciless.

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-You think so?

-I think the coffee house a better engagement than this.

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Mr Garrow, do you seek to change the nature of the trial?

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Are the lawyers and not the judges to turn events now?

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The defence of the individual against the power of the state.

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The rights of defendants against the rights of those who seek to prosecute them.

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-Come away. You are not a pamphlet.

-But he solicits my views.

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Let your vanity be in the interests of your clients.

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Not in the interests of yourself.

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You are envious.

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You are careless.

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Are the judges to read in the London newspapers that you intend to take control of their courtroom?

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That can happen case by case.

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It does not require you to become famous.

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Mr Silvester. What do you think of Mr Garrow's speaking?

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I think it is like a racehorse -

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runs fast because it carries a feather.

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You are even lighter because you carry no convictions at all.

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Mr Garrow, can you expand more on the defence of the individual against the power of the state?

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Have a care, sir!

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Oh!

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Agh! Oh!

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Help me!

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To attack unsuspecting women with SUCH a weapon

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is a crime rendered still more atrocious

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by the savage delight he enjoys in the terror, pain

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and distress of the lovely victim.

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Elegant and attractive women, almost without exception.

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Gentlemen, I will open a subscription

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to raise a reward of £100.

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CHEERS AND APPLAUSE 50! £50...

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for the arrest of such a vile person

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and a further 50 upon conviction. CHEERS AND APPLAUSE

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Sir. Sir.

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A journalist from my own newspaper.

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I can't think I pay him well enough to subscribe to this reward.

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LAUGHTER

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Sir, I wondered, is there not the danger that...

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Danger, sir?

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..that this may lead to the apprehension of innocent men.

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Innocent men may be inconvenienced.

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Innocent WOMEN will be saved.

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Thank you, sir. Very good, sir. I will quote you directly.

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And at length.

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APPLAUSE

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I'll see you in the chambers.

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KNOCK AT DOOR

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-Lady Sarah.

-Mr Garrow.

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You wish to pay me?

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Your guinea fee for our defence of Elizabeth Jarvis.

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You should make payment to Mr Southouse. He will then make payment to myself.

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-I see.

-He didn't explain this?

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-Yes, I do recollect now.

-It's of no matter.

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-You did not...tremble as you made your way here?

-Why would that be so?

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The monster, the sanguinary terror.

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Ladies are now having copper petticoats fitted to protect them.

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Yes, I thought you did enter with a very decided gait.

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The only metal in my petticoats are in my stays, Mr Garrow.

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-Then you're not enthralled to this new fever?

-No, I have not that fever.

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Yet I have to find my husband. I was not to go out unless in company.

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Yet here you are and not in danger.

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I'll go to Milk St and Mr Southouse to make rightful payment there.

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Sarah.

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You're not so mistaken about your errand here.

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Judge Buller. You can assure me that when this monster is caught he can be hung?

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-So that you may assure the public?

-That wouldn't just be politic. It would be reasonable, would it not?

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It's a question of finding the right indictment that will see him hang.

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It's been difficult but I find we are indebted to the sixth act of George I.

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The cutting of cloth?

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Felony. Introduced in 1721 to redress the issue of English weavers

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slashing garments made of cloths from India.

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What has this to do with the monster?

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Our monster does not murder.

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And common assault, even with intent to maim or kill, is a misdemeanour.

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But this, this cutting of cloth, is a felony -

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punishable by hanging.

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If a bad law will becalm London, we must have it.

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I hear there are calls for a permanent police patrol in light of the monster?

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That would be very expensive for the Treasury.

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The Home Secretary will be most grateful to you.

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Miss Ann Porter is down there, sir.

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He came upon me like a madman

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and suddenly I found myself brought down into a most indelicate position.

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On your hands and knees?

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I had more regard for decorum than my wellbeing.

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I'm sorry to have to make you revisit your most foul ordeal

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but it's merely my way of cataloguing the man's crimes

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and so build up a body of evidence against him.

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And will news of my welfare appear in your newspapers?

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With all the other victims of this most aggrieved city,

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Miss Porter.

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I see.

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One further question, if I may.

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Certainly.

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The wound, it heals now?

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-Thankfully so.

-And...

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anatomically...

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the thigh or...higher up?

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Higher up, sir.

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Higher up.

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You bear it most courageously.

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I asked you not venture out unaccompanied.

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I had no wish to have Mrs Browning as my companion.

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You wish a monster keep you company?

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Then should I stay at home, employed at my needle and thread?

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Arthur, I'm not strung high as a violin,

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screaming at gusts of wind. I have never been.

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That is why I didn't engage you at the Old Bailey.

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I made you a guest of Judge Buller to serve both of us.

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But your welfare to me is not your progress...

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..it's your safety.

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Maria, this is too much to bear!

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-To be out in public again?

-No.

-What, then?

-That man, that man there!

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-You know him?

-Yes, I know him. I recognise him.

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That man is the monster! He is the monster that did attack me!

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Stop!

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It is nine o'clock in the morning.

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-Your son was arrested yesterday afternoon.

-Yes, sir.

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I am therefore obviously not the first attorney whose assistance you have sought?

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No. No, sir.

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This morning, your son is the most unpopular man in London.

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No other attorney has wish to represent the Monster.

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He is not the Monster.

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He has alibis for each occasion?

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He is not the Monster because he is my son.

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A mother knows what her son may be capable of and while Renwick may be many things, sir, he...

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What kind of things?

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I did read that 22 women were called to the magistrates in total.

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Half of them claiming Renwick bore a resemblance to their attacker but not able to swear to it.

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And the other half unable to do either, sir.

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So, pray, what would that tell you?

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That you neglect your mathematics, madam.

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There was one who did swear to it, a Miss Ann Porter.

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But the numbers are good enough for me.

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Let us hope it is good enough for counsel.

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-I have heard of a Mr Garrow.

-Oh, I am sure of that.

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"Monster At Bay?"

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-God is merciful.

-Hmm.

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Not to those other poor wretches wrongly accused and brought up before the magistrate.

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They have him now, for certain. Renwick Williams, 23,

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native of Wales, no doubt, and an artificial flower maker.

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Hardly an occupation for a monster but at least he be not an Englishman.

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-Will this be an end to your agitation?

-I agitate for London.

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Well, the press reports from the magistrates' court have thankfully been extensive.

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And it appears there is only one indictment,

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which is "Wilfully and maliciously cutting Ann Porter's cloak, gowns, stays, petticoat and shift."

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-Injuries to buttocks or thighs?

-Disregarded.

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This indictment of cutting clothes is surely not a felony?

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You should know your law better than I.

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I can plead a case, do not expect more.

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They wouldn't dare make the Monster's crimes a mere misdemeanour.

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In London's fever, that would cause outrage.

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-So in the cutting of clothes they have found a felony.

-How so?

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They've dug up an obscure and very perverse statute from 1721.

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I cut to the flesh, it's only pillory or prison

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but if I merely cut cloth, I will hang.

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Strange in fact...

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BOTH: But true in law!

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You will take the brief.

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Visit him in Newgate.

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It is worth, surely, that?

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In London's eye, you are a beast, a creature beyond the pale.

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-What I learned from Mr Southouse and what London must also know is that you are...

-Respectable?

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A man who makes his way in society happily and modestly.

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My son was in the theatre, a violinist and teacher of dance also.

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I myself dance like the movements of heavy cavalry

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but the opportunities it gave me,

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to guide the movements of the limbs of high-born maidens.

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He has played violin in theatre orchestras.

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Renwick, you will tell them of your musical gifts.

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I screeched a living with my bow until the orchestra pits of London

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swooned with the smell of the drink I'd taken.

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I beg your pardon.

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What I mean to say is that I possessed a spirit

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of such effervescent gaiety

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the trammels of art were just too much of a confinement.

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-Mother, is that some improvement?

-Are you the Monster?

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Good. A man as direct as myself.

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-Then oblige me with a direct answer.

-Mr Garrow, I cannot lie.

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I am a man who does indeed go after women.

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I lay siege to them - in restaurants,

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dancing parlours, assembly rooms.

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And if I am lucky, they will allow me to lay into expenses for them.

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And if I am very lucky, they will allow me to lay...

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Renwick, you must stop this now!

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He has settled in a permanent position now.

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He is a flower maker. He has put the habits of the past behind him.

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In defence of me, there is no-one more vociferous or loyal.

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Do you think you can summon up such a feat of conviction, Mr Garrow?

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If he is not the Monster, he certainly enjoys his monstrosity.

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But surely you can plead a case?

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I can already conjure up what the prosecution will say - he's a lecherous libertine.

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-So you will not take this case because you think you may lose it?

-I cannot well defend it.

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Your rising reputation no match for the grime attached to his name?

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Huh! How does a man bound for Hell propel you?

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Justice is not applause. Approval is not the law!

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I cannot do what is not in my heart.

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You were called to the bar. They did not announce your heart there!

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Your business done here, gentlemen?

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It seems the business of one gentleman here is certainly done.

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I have refused to defend the Monster.

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From conscience?

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If you would listen to Mr Southouse you wouldn't venture that I am troubled by morals here.

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-It is not a popular cause.

-You think me impressed with my popularity?

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It must be a true novelty to you.

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I find I do like approval.

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I have no parents alive who might do the approving.

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I am sorry for that

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but you may be sorry if you do not fulfil your duty.

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But Sarah, win the case and I will not be thanked for it.

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Lose it and I will be remembered as the Monster's apologist.

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If Mr Williams does not have representation and is hung,

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that will not be a trial but simply a lynching.

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Gentlemen...

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-Mr Silvester...

-If I take a fee from the Monster, I may never get another.

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-Has Mr Garrow already refused it?

-Mmm.

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Finally he understands how discretion is the better part of valour.

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Or is it that you will only defend those that will add to the sum of your goodness?

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There we have it! Garrow, not the reforming revolutionary

0:24:550:25:00

but an insufferable hypocrite!

0:25:000:25:03

LAUGHTER

0:25:030:25:05

-Mr Angerstein?

-Afternoon.

0:25:190:25:22

Forgive me.

0:25:240:25:26

John Julius Angerstein.

0:25:280:25:30

I see you take my publication.

0:25:320:25:35

-A man of judgement in all things, I hope.

-We have business, sir?

0:25:350:25:40

The Monster is your client.

0:25:400:25:42

I would venture there isn't a respectable attorney in London

0:25:420:25:46

who would wish to receive a guinea to defend his crimes.

0:25:460:25:49

Therefore I am not a respectable attorney, sir?

0:25:490:25:52

I am sure that is something I could persuade you to remedy.

0:25:520:25:56

This comes from what, sir? That you fear I have lost my moral sense,

0:25:580:26:03

or that representation may mean success?

0:26:030:26:07

Do you wish the man success?

0:26:070:26:09

I wish him the chance to plead his case.

0:26:090:26:14

And you have counsel engaged in this?

0:26:140:26:17

Of course.

0:26:170:26:19

You take my newspaper, Mr Southouse.

0:26:190:26:23

Beware, it may take you.

0:26:230:26:26

Sir, his mother engages me

0:26:260:26:30

and I am very fond of his mother.

0:26:300:26:33

I believe her.

0:26:330:26:35

It's the Monster's mother.

0:26:510:26:54

That's the Monster's mother!

0:26:540:26:56

PEOPLE SHOUT

0:26:560:26:57

Leave her alone!

0:27:000:27:02

I hope he starves and rots!

0:27:040:27:06

Madam, I am sorry that you endure this.

0:27:180:27:20

I would rather you defend my son than myself, sir.

0:27:200:27:25

I will happily lose a basket but not so happily my son's life.

0:27:250:27:29

Your colleagues at the flower factory, they will attest to your attendance on the day of the attack?

0:27:510:27:57

-There is an hour they will not be able to account for.

-An hour?

0:27:570:28:01

-It is thirsty work there.

-I see. The name of the inn you did frequent?

0:28:010:28:06

-Several.

-And witnesses there who will attest to your character?

0:28:060:28:11

-Have we dispensed with alibi?

-Yes, I think we have.

-My character?

0:28:110:28:15

To show that what you are accused of is inconsistent with who you are.

0:28:150:28:19

I am sure there are some who would say that I am a man normal in my appetites.

0:28:190:28:26

Mother, your attendance here is a credit to you

0:28:280:28:32

but it's not really necessary.

0:28:320:28:34

If there are ladies who will appear in court for you, then you must inform Mr Garrow.

0:28:340:28:39

-Mother...

-You must do so!

-They are prostitutes.

0:28:390:28:43

They are the ladies of my acquaintance.

0:28:450:28:47

And less apt to judgment on my station or my manners.

0:28:480:28:53

-Very welcoming.

-I bring these men here to save you, Renwick.

0:28:530:28:57

Please give them the incentive to do it

0:28:570:29:00

-and please, do not deprive me of the incentive to wish it!

-Mother...

0:29:000:29:05

it may be that you should not let me detain you.

0:29:050:29:09

How can you speak to me so?

0:29:090:29:11

Half my life you have watched me disappoint you

0:29:120:29:16

and worn a brave face through it.

0:29:160:29:20

Perhaps you should not trouble yourself so painfully any more.

0:29:200:29:24

But you did not do it! You are not the Monster!

0:29:240:29:28

Alas, I am a very good fit.

0:29:280:29:32

You have a mother, Mr Garrow?

0:29:450:29:47

No.

0:29:500:29:51

It is my good fortune

0:29:520:29:56

and her hell.

0:29:560:29:58

You are not sentenced yet.

0:29:590:30:02

Then let us go to it.

0:30:030:30:05

The ladies of your acquaintance, you mentioned that they were less apt to judgment on your station

0:30:090:30:14

or your manners. Less apt than who, Mr Williams?

0:30:140:30:17

Than that bitch.

0:30:170:30:19

What person do you refer to?

0:30:190:30:22

-Ann Porter. He knew her already, did you not?

-Oh, yes.

0:30:230:30:28

Why would she not let me seduce her?

0:30:320:30:35

No alibi, character witnesses from a bawdy-house and a motive to harm Ann Porter.

0:30:390:30:46

Good God, we will never earn our guineas here.

0:30:460:30:48

In none of these newspaper accounts does Ann Porter suggest

0:30:480:30:50

that Renwick Williams was previously known to her.

0:30:500:30:53

-You look to the newspapers for the preparation of your defence?

-We have no other intelligence.

0:30:530:30:57

Angus Dean's journals only further the case for the prosecution.

0:30:570:31:01

You will find nothing to encourage you here.

0:31:010:31:04

And your hands will be black with newsprint.

0:31:040:31:07

Good day.

0:31:070:31:09

I find I like Renwick Williams a little more.

0:31:090:31:12

-It's not surprising.

-How so?

0:31:120:31:15

He's wayward.

0:31:160:31:18

Outspoken.

0:31:180:31:21

Rude, belligerent, and an enemy unto himself.

0:31:210:31:25

Do you suggest...?

0:31:250:31:26

The likeness is remarkable.

0:31:260:31:30

Mr Angerstein.

0:31:400:31:43

A runner has just informed me that the monster struck again.

0:31:430:31:46

Another woman attacked and he was called to her assistance

0:31:460:31:49

and it appears it was in the very way the monster goes about his work.

0:31:490:31:53

Did this new victim make complaint?

0:31:530:31:56

-At the magistrates' court.

-Nowhere else reported?

0:31:560:31:58

I've enlisted the runner as a source of information for a guinea or two.

0:31:580:32:01

You will not report this.

0:32:030:32:05

On the eve of the trial, such a revelation.

0:32:050:32:08

Would create unnecessary alarm.

0:32:080:32:10

And divert attention from the crimes of a man already identified.

0:32:100:32:16

Would you wish Renwick Williams to go free because a woman yesterday made complaint which we print?

0:32:160:32:24

There is the danger that another newspaper may find themselves privy

0:32:240:32:28

to this information and not feel quite so...delicate about it.

0:32:280:32:32

And there is a danger that you will be in want of employment if you press the matter.

0:32:320:32:36

KNOCK AT DOOR

0:32:510:32:53

The trial of this monster begins tomorrow.

0:32:560:32:58

And?

0:32:580:33:00

I thought to accompany you.

0:33:000:33:02

There will be some uproar there.

0:33:020:33:05

Do you wish to stop up my ears from the oaths?

0:33:050:33:08

Stand fast as the mob invade the bench in their frenzy and overcome me?

0:33:080:33:13

Judge Buller will be the man for that.

0:33:130:33:15

He will throw his arms about you.

0:33:150:33:18

That is a thought not to be born.

0:33:180:33:21

-What would be your purpose?

-I merely wish to observe the trial that is the talk of London.

0:33:210:33:27

Such frivolity from one so steeped in higher matters.

0:33:270:33:31

Together we could observe, and then...

0:33:320:33:36

we could...

0:33:360:33:38

engage about it.

0:33:380:33:41

You wish to engage me?

0:33:410:33:44

It is my only wish.

0:33:470:33:49

-Mr Garrow.

-Mr Williams.

-You're in want of more information.

0:34:520:34:56

I merely thought you may wish some company.

0:34:560:35:00

You did bring some, then?

0:35:000:35:03

-What's that?

-As you do not appear to be in possession of a small waist or dainty feet yourself.

0:35:030:35:10

HE LAUGHS

0:35:100:35:11

Am I to be hung tomorrow?

0:35:210:35:24

Well, I must be honest with you, the whole of London has its hands on the rope.

0:35:250:35:29

But if the law does its duty and I'm allowed to do mine, I think we may overcome the prosecution.

0:35:290:35:35

And then you will save me from damnation?

0:35:350:35:37

From death perhaps, but in life I think you are hopeless.

0:35:370:35:40

Your hands are black as the devil.

0:35:440:35:47

Yes. Newsprint.

0:35:470:35:49

THEY ALL MURMUR

0:36:040:36:07

Oh, my God, who does rampage now through our streets wielding his terrible weapon?

0:36:090:36:15

Oh, it's Garrow's infallibility let loose upon us all.

0:36:150:36:18

Renwick Williams was indicted for...

0:36:250:36:28

SHOUTING

0:36:280:36:30

..unlawfully, wilfully, maliciously and erroneously make an assault on Ann Porter.

0:36:370:36:43

You no longer find favour with the public gallery, Mr Garrow.

0:36:430:36:47

-Take care.

-Has humanity taken flight from this damn place?

0:36:470:36:53

To whit - one silk gown valued 20 shillings.

0:36:530:36:57

A pair of stays valued five shillings...

0:36:570:37:01

You who slaver like dogs at the sight of a bone.

0:37:010:37:03

LOUD SHOUTING

0:37:030:37:05

Silk petticoat, value five shillings.

0:37:050:37:08

Newgate is a haven of a civilisation in comparison to this dog's kennel.

0:37:080:37:12

..Against this form of the statute and against the king's peace.

0:37:120:37:16

-Mother!

-SHOUTING

0:37:160:37:19

Animal! Animal!

0:37:220:37:24

I did warn you. It's never a most congenial place.

0:37:290:37:34

And Renwick too infamous to expect fairness.

0:37:340:37:38

I must return.

0:37:380:37:40

From your poster, Mr Angerstein.

0:37:450:37:47

The monster is generally described as 6 feet high, thin made, thin visaged,

0:37:490:37:53

full eyes, large nose and is marked with the smallpox upon his cheekbones.

0:37:530:38:00

Now look, if you will, at the appearance of Mr Williams.

0:38:000:38:04

5 feet 6, round-faced and no sign of smallpox.

0:38:040:38:09

Men such as these are capable of fiendish cleverness.

0:38:120:38:17

What, to gain six inches in height?

0:38:170:38:20

You have invested a great part of your energy and reputation in this case.

0:38:200:38:25

Well, I thought I was fortunate enough to be able to exert some influence on the outcome.

0:38:250:38:32

You mean that your efforts would help to furnish arrest and conviction?

0:38:320:38:37

I would think it be the hope of anyone in London to see such a conclusion.

0:38:370:38:42

And is it not the case that what you would settle for

0:38:420:38:45

as the conclusion is the arrest and conviction of any man who might fit this sorry position?

0:38:450:38:50

And in Renwick Williams, you think you had found him and the matter over and done.

0:38:500:38:54

In all this, I wished merely to save young women from the danger.

0:38:560:39:01

I have here a collection of interviews

0:39:050:39:07

you conducted with the victims of the monster and were published in your own newspaper.

0:39:070:39:13

The interviews were conducted under the general title, "An authentic account..."

0:39:130:39:17

"..of the barbarities lately practised by the monster."

0:39:170:39:22

-And you do recognise them as your own?

-I do.

-Good.

0:39:220:39:26

Why did you note the dress and appearance of the victims that you interviewed?

0:39:260:39:30

Well, I thought a description of each of the fair victims

0:39:300:39:36

to be interesting.

0:39:360:39:38

"May 12th, the victim is young, below the middle size with blue eyes that do allure.

0:39:390:39:46

"Pale, soft skin, fine teeth, delicate and pretty." Do you recognise her?

0:39:470:39:52

Mary Forster.

0:39:520:39:55

And another. "June 6th.

0:39:550:39:58

"Young, about or rather below the middle size, shiny black hair,

0:39:580:40:02

"black eyes, full lips, a dainty waist, an agreeable countenance and, again, very, very pretty."

0:40:020:40:07

That's Rebecca Godfrey.

0:40:070:40:09

What a noble opportunity presented to be able to sympathise with those beautiful women, yes?

0:40:110:40:15

To sympathise, certainly, but also to obtain information.

0:40:150:40:20

And provide a good excuse to visit them repeatedly.

0:40:200:40:24

-You will not imply...

-If only further to display your sympathy and want of information.

0:40:240:40:30

It seems, sir, that you wish to save handsome young ladies from danger,

0:40:300:40:35

if only to put them in the way of another -

0:40:350:40:38

yourself.

0:40:380:40:40

-LAUGHTER

-No further questions, my Lord.

0:40:400:40:44

Thank you, sir.

0:40:450:40:47

Call Surgeon Tompkins.

0:40:500:40:54

The case goes better, madam. Decidedly so. Come.

0:41:090:41:12

The wound, Surgeon Tompkins - can you tell me of its appearance?

0:41:170:41:21

Er, four or five inches long.

0:41:210:41:23

Its middle part had penetrated the skin to a depth of an inch or so.

0:41:230:41:28

A wound, in your view, only rendered by a sharp instrument?

0:41:280:41:32

Most certainly.

0:41:320:41:34

And but for the bow of the stays, the wound might have penetrated the abdomen.

0:41:340:41:37

If not for the bow of the stays, this may have been a murder.

0:41:370:41:42

And the brave Miss Porter, that did suffer such trauma,

0:41:440:41:48

-is she fortunate still to be living?

-Oh, yes.

0:41:480:41:51

Your witness, Mr Garrow.

0:41:530:41:55

Murder, you say, intent to kill?

0:42:080:42:10

Or at least maim.

0:42:100:42:12

Excellent.

0:42:140:42:17

No further questions, my Lord.

0:42:170:42:19

It seems that Mr Garrow knows more of his law than we at first supposed.

0:42:280:42:32

Call Ann Porter.

0:42:340:42:36

Do you swear that you shall present the truth,

0:42:540:42:57

the whole truth and nothing but the truth, so help you God?

0:42:570:43:01

I do.

0:43:010:43:02

Miss Porter,

0:43:110:43:13

you can identify the man who maimed and abused you so cruelly?

0:43:130:43:18

I can.

0:43:180:43:20

And if it is not too much to bear,

0:43:210:43:24

I wonder if you would venture to do so.

0:43:240:43:27

SHOUTING AND MURMURING

0:43:320:43:34

Miss Porter, may I commend you for the grace and valour with which you have appeared here today?

0:43:350:43:41

I am aware of the great attention which has fallen on me,

0:43:410:43:44

but I merely wish to do my duty as a prosecutor, sir,

0:43:440:43:48

even with the eyes of London upon me.

0:43:480:43:51

Especially with the eyes of London upon me.

0:43:510:43:54

No more questions.

0:43:540:43:56

I was not aware that you had asked any.

0:43:560:43:59

Miss Porter?

0:44:000:44:03

You will forgive me, Miss Porter, if any of my questions might confuse or dismay you.

0:44:030:44:07

I can assure you that no man in this court may sympathise more with your sufferings than I.

0:44:070:44:11

But firstly, I must insist, my Lord the judge, that her veil be removed.

0:44:110:44:16

I cannot bear to have the wretch stare upon me or look upon him!

0:44:160:44:20

My Lord, I ask the veil be removed so the jury may see

0:44:200:44:23

how my questions demand a truth that cannot simply come from speech but from the colours of a female cheek.

0:44:230:44:27

Miss Porter,

0:44:270:44:30

you will remove the veil.

0:44:300:44:32

Can you describe what your assailant was wearing on the day you were attacked?

0:44:420:44:46

-A tight-fit coat.

-Oh, it's a tight-fit coat today, is it?

0:44:460:44:50

Can you explain why you told the magistrate that it was a greatcoat, a surtout?

0:44:510:44:56

-I was confused.

-May it have something to do with the fact that a runner,

0:44:580:45:02

having searched Mr Williams' lodgings, found no greatcoat, as you had sworn it,

0:45:020:45:06

but a tightcoat, and now conveniently you concur with that?

0:45:060:45:10

He came upon me suddenly! I was...

0:45:100:45:11

-SHOUTING

-I was mesmerised by the knife before me.

-Oh, the wretch!

0:45:110:45:15

What words did your assailant speak to you on the night you were attacked?

0:45:190:45:24

-Insults.

-Such as?

0:45:240:45:27

I cannot bear to recall such obscene and gross...

0:45:270:45:29

-Bear it, madam.

-I will not!

-Blast your eyes, you damned bitch!

0:45:290:45:32

-Shame, sir!

-Mr Garrow!

0:45:320:45:36

Beg your pardon, my Lord.

0:45:360:45:38

I am merely quoting what comes from the magistrate's committal.

0:45:380:45:43

"Blast your eyes, you damned bitch.

0:45:430:45:45

"I will take a particular pleasure in murdering you and drowning you in your own blood."

0:45:450:45:51

-You do recall recalling that?

-I have tried to put it out of my mind.

0:45:510:45:56

How would you describe your state of mind in the minutes after your attack?

0:45:560:46:00

It must have been the most terrifying experience.

0:46:000:46:02

I was insensible with fear.

0:46:020:46:04

But not so insensible that you could provide a thorough description of your attacker

0:46:040:46:07

and identify Mr Williams here.

0:46:070:46:09

However agitated I might be, I should have always known him.

0:46:090:46:13

His features are more impressed on my recollection than that of my most intimate friends.

0:46:130:46:18

And because you were previously acquainted with him.

0:46:180:46:21

Not acquainted but accosted, sir.

0:46:220:46:24

You will tell the court what passed between you.

0:46:240:46:28

He had attempted to seduce you.

0:46:280:46:30

It is too dreadful to recall.

0:46:300:46:32

Then you did at least rebuff his advances.

0:46:330:46:36

-I did disdain him most definitely.

-How so?

0:46:360:46:38

I called him a shop man, a wretch

0:46:390:46:41

-and a scoundrel.

-And he did further insult you?

0:46:410:46:43

-He did.

-How so?

0:46:430:46:45

-No.

-No?

0:46:470:46:49

Will you answer the question, Miss Porter?

0:46:490:46:53

Precisely what the insult was.

0:46:530:46:55

"Blast your eyes, you damned bitch.

0:47:020:47:04

"I will take a particular pleasure in murdering you

0:47:040:47:08

"and drowning you in your own blood."

0:47:080:47:10

It is very familiar.

0:47:100:47:12

I put it to you, Miss Porter,

0:47:140:47:17

that on that occasion, Mr Williams did insult you

0:47:180:47:20

-most scandalously and indecently but there was never another one.

-Am I to be insulted again?!

0:47:200:47:25

I put it to you that for those insults, you determined never to forgive him and to gain revenge.

0:47:250:47:30

You seek revenge by portraying Mr Williams as the monster and the man who cut you.

0:47:300:47:34

Madam, your agitation seems to occur at the most convenient time.

0:47:340:47:37

Withdraw, sir. ..My Lord, I ask you to bring my learned friend to order.

0:47:370:47:42

-Very well.

-Mr Garrow, do not insult the witness.

-Very well.

0:47:420:47:45

Miss Porter, I accept that you were indeed attacked and cruelly used...

0:47:540:47:59

..but not by this prisoner.

0:48:010:48:03

Behold him, Miss Porter.

0:48:030:48:06

A man it is easy to accuse, in that he is an unsympathetic figure,

0:48:070:48:12

his position in society generally despised,

0:48:120:48:16

his social habits far from respectable.

0:48:170:48:20

But does he deserve this accusation and the death it may bring him?

0:48:210:48:26

-Does he deserve the way you have set your eyes upon him?

-He should not have set them upon me!

0:48:260:48:31

That is your answer?

0:48:350:48:37

Now we do most certainly have your answer.

0:48:430:48:47

You do hide your own iniquity.

0:48:470:48:50

No more questions, my Lord.

0:48:510:48:53

The court will adjourn.

0:48:550:48:57

The court shall rise.

0:48:580:49:00

My chambers.

0:49:000:49:01

Scheming, swooning, irrational.

0:49:010:49:04

She acts like a defective man.

0:49:040:49:06

-And Garrow a heartless one.

-Well, she deserves no-one's pity or admiration.

0:49:060:49:11

Who's the real hater of women, the monster or his counsel?

0:49:110:49:15

Judge Buller awaits me.

0:49:170:49:19

This prosecution fails.

0:49:280:49:30

-Mr Garrow has...

-The court is yours, it's not Garrow's.

0:49:300:49:34

My duty is to give advice as to the law, as to proof.

0:49:340:49:40

Williams's conviction may answer your difficulties in Parliament, but this jury may not even convict.

0:49:400:49:46

Well then, it is your duty to direct the jury to see it favourably.

0:49:460:49:50

Mr Garrow?

0:50:010:50:03

Lady Sarah.

0:50:030:50:05

-You're alone.

-Sir Arthur did need the ear of Judge Buller.

0:50:050:50:09

-In this case.

-I fear he does not attend him for entertainment.

0:50:090:50:14

Ah, I think the jury may yet acquit.

0:50:180:50:20

If the judge does turn their attention to the law and away from the hue and cry.

0:50:200:50:25

The judge will not.

0:50:250:50:28

I think we may be in want of one very particular law, Mr Southouse.

0:50:280:50:32

Indeed.

0:50:320:50:34

Gentlemen.

0:50:350:50:38

The attack on Miss Porter is not in dispute.

0:50:380:50:41

Her identification of her attacker, absolute.

0:50:410:50:45

And the motive of the prisoner, apparent.

0:50:450:50:50

As for his alibi, that's barely credible and certainly not convincing.

0:50:500:50:55

This is a man who had previously waylaid Miss Porter with lewd intent

0:50:550:50:59

and when these intentions were frustrated, threatened her most violently.

0:50:590:51:04

You have before you an opportunity to remove this foul potential

0:51:040:51:09

from the streets of London and restore peace of mind to its gentlewomen.

0:51:090:51:14

I trust you will do your duty by them.

0:51:140:51:17

You will consider your verdict.

0:51:170:51:20

You have reached a verdict?

0:51:480:51:50

We have.

0:51:500:51:52

How do you find the prisoner? Guilty or not guilty?

0:51:520:51:56

-Guilty.

-Damn the lot of you!

0:51:560:51:58

This is a lynching, not a trial.

0:51:580:52:01

Renwick Williams, you've been found guilty of the indictment.

0:52:050:52:09

-The sentence I pronounce upon you...

-My Lord!

-..is that you be...

0:52:090:52:12

My Lord, I submit my client has been wrongly indicted and that any sentence be respited.

0:52:120:52:16

-You're a little late in the day, Mr Garrow.

-My Lord, if you will allow me.

0:52:160:52:19

Mr Silvester.

0:52:190:52:22

-My Lord.

-Very well, I will hear you.

0:52:220:52:25

In 1721, certain weavers who were objecting to the importation of Indian fashions

0:52:250:52:29

purchased in preference to theirs poured aqua fortis onto the clothes of people wearing those fashions.

0:52:290:52:34

To stop these outrages, it was made a felony punishable by hanging to assault any persons

0:52:340:52:39

in the public streets with intent to tear, spoil, burn, deface or cut the garments of such persons.

0:52:390:52:43

My Lord, the clothes of my client were cut.

0:52:430:52:47

But, my Lord, you did accept the evidence of Ann Porter,

0:52:470:52:50

who quotes my client as wishing to murder her.

0:52:500:52:53

You did hear and accept the testimony of the wounds to her flesh.

0:52:530:52:56

-This surely would prove by my client an intent to maim or kill, which is a misdemeanour.

-A misdemeanour?!

0:52:560:53:02

Strange in fact, but true in law, therefore, therefore...

0:53:020:53:07

Mr Williams should face a retrial for the minor offence

0:53:070:53:09

for the misdemeanour of wilfully and maliciously cutting Ann Porter with intent to maim and kill her.

0:53:090:53:14

It was, of course, impossible for him to strike Miss Porter's person

0:53:200:53:25

without...cutting the clothes.

0:53:250:53:28

Unless he did in fact...

0:53:280:53:30

cut the clothes in order to get to the flesh underneath.

0:53:300:53:36

It's an ancient statute.

0:53:380:53:40

Indictment is indeed debatable.

0:53:420:53:46

I shall reserve the case for the 12 judges of England.

0:53:500:53:53

Sentence is respited until then.

0:53:530:53:55

-What does this mean?

-You'll at least not hang.

0:54:030:54:06

Why did you come here?

0:54:210:54:22

-I was sent here.

-By whom?

0:54:220:54:24

You wish only to engage me.

0:54:300:54:32

In what, sir? Certainly not the truth.

0:54:320:54:35

The Home Secretary sent me.

0:54:350:54:38

In all this, I wanted nothing more than the safety of this city.

0:54:380:54:42

-It was a weak law to try a man's life with.

-All law is weak if men can bend it to their will.

0:54:420:54:48

I did not succeed there. Mr Garrow was very persuasive.

0:54:480:54:52

Mr Garrow saved an innocent man's life.

0:54:520:54:57

Lady Sarah.

0:55:060:55:07

Neither the Old Bailey or I can detain you further?

0:55:090:55:12

I'm already detained by you, sir.

0:55:120:55:14

It's injustice that quickens your heart?

0:55:140:55:17

Dear Will.

0:55:190:55:21

You are mistaken in that.

0:55:210:55:23

Mr Rawlings.

0:55:430:55:45

"A foul attack - monster still infects the streets."

0:55:480:55:50

Tomorrow's edition.

0:55:500:55:53

But this is the Times, not the Gazette.

0:55:530:55:55

Angerstein would not allow it. The Times are very happy to employ me with it.

0:55:550:55:59

Three more attacks, identical, all committed during Williams' incarceration.

0:55:590:56:03

-You come with this now?

-This would have served justice during the trial, not after it.

0:56:030:56:07

My position is only now just secured.

0:56:070:56:09

So you are safely in your new employment while Williams still rots in Newgate!

0:56:090:56:13

I'm afraid there is more. The runners have a man for the crimes.

0:56:130:56:17

I would happily lay my hands on you, Rawlings.

0:56:170:56:19

-But I will instead shake the hand of my client.

-Come, William.

0:56:210:56:25

..which should prove to be a most welcome occasion.

0:56:330:56:36

And I shall be even happier to tell his mother.

0:56:360:56:40

Indeed, Mr Southouse.

0:56:400:56:42

Gentlemen, it appears the rough court of Newgate

0:56:420:56:47

has given its own verdict here.

0:56:470:56:50

Madam. My profound sorrow.

0:57:250:57:29

And your son now proven an innocent man.

0:57:310:57:35

An innocent man should be a free one.

0:57:350:57:38

And living.

0:57:390:57:42

I would offer her consolation in prayer.

0:57:490:57:52

But God will not change the law.

0:57:520:57:54

-You think him not guilty?

-I defended her as best I could.

0:58:060:58:10

Mr Forrester, still filling your pockets with blood money?

0:58:110:58:14

-Many in the house hope you will lose.

-You overestimate Mr Garrow's influence.

0:58:140:58:19

-How much would a criminal pay?

-I wouldn't know.

0:58:190:58:22

You are ill-prepared.

0:58:220:58:24

Be reckless with your own life, not your client's.

0:58:240:58:27

Beast! Vulture!

0:58:270:58:30

Subtitles by Red Bee Media Ltd

0:58:380:58:41

E-mail [email protected]

0:58:410:58:44

William Garrow is now a celebrated Old Bailey barrister and, encouraged by Southouse, he defends the case of the infamous Monster, a man who carries out a series of stabbings on young ladies across London. As a result, Garrow's popularity diminishes with the public and the press. However, Renwick Williams, the accused, is described by Garrow as a 'lecherous libertine' and his defence is not easy. Garrow's friendship with Lady Sarah grows closer, a fact which does not go unnoticed by her husband, Sir Arthur.


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