Cyfres yn olrhain un o gyfnodau pwysicaf yn hanes cerddoriaeth Gymreig, a roddodd Gymru ar fap miwsig y byd. Series looking the Cool Cymru years and bands such as Manic Street P...
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-At the end of the 1990s,
-Cool Cymru was in full swing.
-We felt like we were flying the flag
-in a new way.
-It was a world stage for music.
-These bands are special
-and we'll celebrate them.
-Catatonia, Manic Street Preachers,
-Stereophonics, Super Furry Animals.
-It produced films and actors and
-was home to a new National Assembly.
-We shouted from the rooftops
-that we're Welsh!
-This is the story
-of a special time...
-..when Wales was cool
-at the end of the 20th century.
-At the start of the 1990s...
-Wales was considered cool...
-..Welsh popular music was something
-of a joke to the rest of the world.
-# The old home town looks the same #
-It was definitely
-a very dark period...
-..for popular culture in Wales.
-Wales was stereotyped for male voice
-choirs, Harry Secombe and Tom Jones.
-We're fond of Tom Jones
-and Shirley Bassey now.
-They were disowned
-by the rock 'n' roll fraternity.
-They were cabaret singers.
-There was no rock 'n' roll culture.
-I thought people talked about
-Tom Jones and Shirley Bassey...
-..as they were iconic.
-They spoke about these artists
-as no-one else had come to light.
-Welsh bands didn't get recognition.
-Welsh bands didn't get recognition.
-There weren't many big, cool bands.
-There was this huge vacuum.
-It was a very bleak time
-to say the least.
-But whilst Thatcher
-transformed Wales in the 1980s...
-..there was a revolution
-in Welsh music...
-..when Punk Rock influenced
-a new generation of bands.
-Bands such as Anhrefn, Tynal Tywyll,
-Y Cyrff and Datblygu...
-..saw themselves as an underground
-scene beyond mainstream Welsh music.
-They wanted to challenge
-Rhys Mwyn was very prominent.
-I've got a house full of posters,
-photographs and memorabilia.
-The music was exciting, modern
-and was sure to cause a stir.
-By the time this new wave
-inspired other Welsh musicians...
-..the scene was very exciting.
-Y Cyrff and U Thant
-were at Clwb Ifor Bach.
-This shows Y Cyrff
-as the headline act.
-There was a growth of new bands
-with U Thant as the support act.
-This one is interesting.
-It's a showcase on St David's Day
-This is very tongue-in-cheek...
-..as it says the St David's Day
-Token Welsh Cultural Evening.
-We had our own gang
-in the underground scene.
-Everything that had gone before us
-This was the new generation.
-This new generation
-was supported by fanzines.
-There were gigs, many organized
-by Cymdeithas yr Iaith...
-..and independent labels
-..because the label, Sain,
-refused to record their output.
-Sain was like the Welsh version
-of EMI in England.
-It was a huge dinosaur
-that couldn't move.
-We were all forced
-to create our own labels...
-..to get the music out there.
-The music of Anhrefn was
-a catalyst to get things out there.
-Two Aberystwyth students
-The label was important
-in nurturing bands in the 1990s.
-We had the honour
-of working with bands...
-..that I'd class as some of
-the best bands in any language...
-..such as Datblygu, Y Cyrff and Ffa
-Coffi Pawb who didn't have a label.
-We have a collection of records...
-..that documents and is a reflection
-of an exciting music scene.
-Thanks to one influential DJ
-on Radio 1...
-..Welsh music was heard beyond
-the boundaries of Offa's Dyke.
-Welsh pop music is more interesting
-than a decade ago.
-Why is this?
-I think there's more of it.
-If there isn't more of it,
-I'm hearing more!
-John Peel is an important part
-of the story.
-At that time, you had Radio Cymru...
-..who refused to play music such as
-Fflaps first single, Dilyn Dylan...
-..as they didn't feel
-it was good enough.
-John Peel played it on Radio 1
-and offered them a session.
-With the likes of John Peel
-playing those records...
-..it was only natural that those
-writing NME, Melody Maker, Select...
-..or one of those magazines...
-..realized that something
-interesting was happening in Wales.
-By 1991, in the English language
-..a Blackwood band
-stole the limelight.
-Nobody was safe
-from coming under fire.
-and even other musicians.
-The Manic Street Preachers had
-contracts with independent labels...
-..but set their sights
-on something bigger, much bigger.
-We wouldn't want to be the biggest
-band if we didn't have good songs.
-When the Manics started, they wanted
-to be massive like Guns N' Roses.
-to escape from Blackwood.
-They didn't sell billions...
-..but had an incredibly strong
-vision for mapping out their career.
-the Manics were a joke.
-Many struggled to believe that Wales
-could produce interesting bands.
-Thinking of a band as extreme
-as Manic Street Preachers...
-..with the strong, brutal lyrics
-of Richey Edwards...
-..and Nicky Wire's image
-in his feather boa...
-..was quite shocking.
-I saw Manic Street Preachers
-in Cardiff on one of their tours.
-It was so different
-I found it quite revolutionary.
-I felt as if something exciting
-was happening in Wales.
-I thought they were a joke.
-They looked awful, their clothes
-were awful and they sounded awful.
-Many people in the press
-agreed with Iestyn's candid opinion.
-This changed overnight with one
-interview by Steve Lamacq in NME...
-..when Richey Edwards
-scratched "4 Real" into his arm...
-..to prove that the Manics
-were serious about their music.
-The photographer, Ed Sirrs showed me
-the images the following day.
-We weren't sure
-if we had them or not.
-Richey was very patient...
-..and took off the bandage
-to show the photographer.
-An interesting narrative
-was developing with the band.
-Within a fortnight, they had signed
-to the Columbia record label.
-They were the first Welsh band since
-the 1980s to get such a contract.
-At the same time in Cardigan...
-..the son of a chief bard
-and his friends...
-..set their sights beyond Wales.
-Jess decided to sing in English
-This decision not only upset
-but infuriated many people.
-The public and the press
-have picked up on this...
-..and blown it out of proportion.
-The band hasn't made a fuss
-about singing in English.
-Brychan Llyr took the brunt of it
-but many would follow suit.
-It was an atmosphere
-of change and excitement...
-..and at the end of 1991, 30 bands
-and soloists gathered together...
-..to perform in Pontrhydfendigaid...
-..for a Cymdeithas yr Iaith event
-called Rhyw Ddydd - Un Dydd.
-The seeds planted in the 1980s...
-..with young, alternative,
-..had now developed...
-..which meant these bands
-were at the fore of Welsh music.
-We played a lot of those kinds
-of gigs with Y Crumblowers...
-..on Anglesey and in Corwen...
-..but I'd never seen that many
-people in a Welsh gig before.
-# If you're hiding from reality,
-you have to understand #
-I think that the best recording band
-at that time was Ffa Coffi Pawb.
-is the best album of that era.
-But the best band for live, stage
-performances had to be Y Cyrff.
-They were incredible that night.
-# Joy #
-The gig itself was definitely
-one of those moments in history...
-..where a lot of things
-crossed over and met.
-You got the feeling that these
-things would never happen again.
-# Joy #
-For the Llanrwst band, Y Cyrff,
-this was their final gig in Wales.
-I think it had to be
-a great farewell gig for them.
-# Joy #
-Mark from Y Cyrff
-started another Welsh band...
-..and covered the same circuit.
-You didn't expect him to do that.
-It offered something different.
-This gave them the opportunity to
-have an audience outside of Wales.
-It also meant that people could make
-a living as a full-time musician.
-When one door closes,
-another one opens.
-For me, the period
-after Rhyw Ddydd - Un Dydd...
-..was one of the most exciting times
-in Welsh history.
-..one dark, dingy and obscure club
-from around the world.
-It's hard to believe now...
-..but music journalists,
-such as NME's Iestyn George...
-from the big labels...
-..made the pilgrimage from London
-to the fracas on Clarence Place.
-This is one of the most important
-places in terms of 1990s music.
-Many American bands
-came here to play...
-..such as Hole,
-Nirvana and Mudhoney.
-Yes, TJ's was the place to be!
-The scene in Newport was really
-lively but was punky and hard.
-It played more of a role in Britpop
-than in the Welsh music scene.
-I went to Clwb Ifor Bach
-to see the Welsh bands...
-..but often went to Newport
-to see the touring bands...
-..new bands on the British scene
-and bands from Newport.
-The most prominent Newport band
-to play at TJ's was 60 Ft Dolls.
-They were total hellraisers!
-I formed the group with Mike Cole
-and we didn't have any expectations.
-That no expectations attitude
-combined with creativity...
-..was very healthy for us.
-We didn't care at all
-about what anybody thought.
-TJ's was a place to do anything you
-want and was crucial to everything.
-As TJ's provided an international
-stage for the Welsh scene...
-..Fideo 9, one of the main platforms
-for Welsh music came to an end.
-Half of the bands who had
-released records in this era...
-..would not have existed or made
-any money if it wasn't for Fideo 9.
-They gave the opportunity to visit
-a studio that was beyond our reach.
-# I'm out of my head
-# I don't feel right #
-In the early days of Fideo 9...
-..you had a mixture of pop videos...
-..and interviews with an author,
-young poet or a sculptor.
-As the music scene grew, with bands
-popping up all over the place...
-..there was less room
-for the other arts.
-He realized the guinea pigs
-had bitten through their cage.
-You didn't know that you were part
-of this revolution.
-I'm not sure
-if it was a revolution...
-..but it gave the scene
-# Rubbish on the walls
-and it's dirty
-# Making no sense
-# Let our senses run free
-and feel something... #
-We gave bands a lot of attention.
-Many wondered if the scene existed
-or if Fideo 9 created the scene.
-Fideo 9 was a stage
-and people gravitate to a stage.
-# With a smile from ear to ear #
-One very familiar face found her way
-to that soon-to-disappear stage.
-# It was easy
-# Completely natural #
-Catatonia had arrived.
-Mark Roberts, formerly of Y Cyrff
-formed the band...
-..with his new girlfriend,
-# But thinking held him back #
-We had the opportunity to make
-a few video thanks to Fideo 9.
-It meant we could work
-in a proper studio...
-..and take the songs further.
-# And oh, I'm sorry #
-In terms of Catatonia,
-I'd seen Gyda Gwen.
-When I saw that, I could immediately
-see where we were going next.
-# That you didn't see it #
-I remember seeing Cerys and Mark.
-they looked great together.
-They looked like a glamorous
-and really cool couple.
-When I heard
-that they were writing together...
-..I knew it would be excellent.
-# Answer back #
-taking Wales by storm...
-..and mesmerized the nation
-with unusual songs...
-..on Nia Melville's Radio Cymru
-programme was Gorky's Zygotic Mynci.
-They were a school band
-Everything by Gorky's was so fresh.
-The lyrics, the melodies.
-And the fact
-they wrote so many songs.
-They were more than a boy band
-as they played instruments too.
-Their music was very quirky.
-# She takes off her clothes
-for 1,000 #
-I remember the first time
-that I heard Gorky's.
-There was this high-pitched voice...
-..singing these amazing
-and raw pop songs.
-This was a group that didn't follow
-mainstream Welsh music.
-They didn't use technology
-to create dance music...
-..but a group who followed
-the pioneering bands of the 1970s.
-This group came from nowhere...
-..and you didn't know where
-they were going to take you next.
-# Feeling strawberries and a fox #
-Gorky's were set to step
-into the big, wide world...
-..like many other Welsh people.
-At the start of 1994, Wales and
-her language arrived in Hollywood...
-..as the film, Hedd Wyn,
-was nominated for an Oscar.
-It says you've won in Pwllheli and
-you need to go to accept your Chair.
-The acting is terrific
-and it looks so good.
-Seeing the Welsh compete with people
-from across the world...
-..and being acknowledged
-The film didn't win the Oscar for
-the Best Foreign Language Film...
-..but it planted Wales on the map.
-The 1990s was an era where people
-wanted to recreate Wales.
-A Wales that looked to the future
-and not the past.
-A modern Wales where there was
-employment for everyone.
-We saw the culture of Wales.
-People created a modern,
-young and vibrant Wales.
-Cardiff was the one place in Wales
-that embodied this new energy.
-Developments in Cardiff Bay
-and the centre transformed the city.
-Young people flocked to the city.
-One Bala girl who moved there
-at this time...
-..is the artist and blacksmith,
-Angharad Pearce Jones.
-Creative types landed in Cardiff
-at the same time.
-There were television companies,
-..Catatonia, Manic Street Preachers
-They were all in this one area.
-It was a strong
-and creative melting pot.
-# Playing guitar
-in a bar in my spare time #
-This exciting time saw four
-furry musicians form a band.
-They learnt their craft
-in the Welsh music scene.
-Gruff Rhys and Dafydd Ieuan
-from Ffa Coffi Pawb...
-..Huw Bunford and Guto Pryce from U
-Thant and Cian Ciaran from Aros Mae.
-I was always going to do something
-We'd hang out with Guto
-and Bunf was friends with Guto...
-..and we'd all hang out together.
-When Super Furry Animals formed...
-..they said they wanted to sign
-an international contract.
-We want to use English and any other
-language to travel the world...
-..and as a result,
-we'll produce Welsh songs too.
-They recorded two EPs with Ankst,
-Mwg Drwg and...
-obwllllantysiliogogogoch (in space).
-It's the longest title in pop...
-..and the Furries
-hit the English headlines.
-That's why we called the EP
-LlanfairPG-blah-blah (in space).
-We knew that they were going
-to take the piss...
-..so we handed them the longest,
-stupidest word in Welsh on a plate!
-I remember getting a box full of the
-copies of the Super Furry single.
-I played it and within seconds,
-everyone was asking for a copy.
-That had never happened before
-with a Welsh band.
-At the end of 1995,
-after four public performances...
-..the music world was eager to sign
-Super Furry Animals.
-They chose Creation Records,
-the label owned by Alan McGee.
-Alan McGee was at our second gig
-We did a few demos
-for them in Fulham.
-He came over and said,
-"OK, I want to sign you!"
-We were arrogant enough to think we
-were good enough for that to happen.
-It never crossed our minds
-that we wouldn't get signed.
-# Tinkerbell should have waited... #
-The future also looked bright
-Their manager at that time,
-..pushed the band to tour Britain
-and further afield...
-..and record their debut album,
-After recording For Tinkerbell,
-we knew it was going to take off.
-# Before the show #
-Mark Radcliffe started playing
-the song regularly on Radio 1...
-..and within days...
-..we had phone calls
-from about 102 record companies...
-..who wanted to hear Catatonia.
-In February 1995, Catatonia
-signed with Blanco y Negro...
-..a subsidiary of Warner Bros.
-After releasing three successful
-albums with Ankst...
-..Patio, Tatay and Bwyd Time...
-..Gorky's Zygotic Mynci
-were in demand in one country.
-The money in the music industry
-..and advances they offered
-got the Gorky's out of school.
-Three members of Gorky's
-had a wage for a year or two.
-It enabled them to do
-what they wanted.
-They also got to go to Japan.
-There were hundreds,
-if not thousands of fans...
-..waiting for the band
-when they landed.
-The concerts were wild
-and they were so successful.
-People even chased them
-down the street.
-It was like a fantasy.
-It was bizarre.
-Gorky's records were released
-in Wales, Japan and nowhere else!
-One of the early images
-of Cool Cymru...
-..was seeing the footage
-of Gorky's playing in Tokyo...
-..with these Japanese girls
-singing along with them in Welsh.
-It was looking good
-for Welsh bands.
-Manic Street Preachers were praised
-for their album, The Holy Bible.
-Despite this praise,
-the album reflected the anguish...
-..of Richey Edwards.
-After spells in rehab...
-..on 1 February 1995, the day before
-the band was set to go to America...
-..Richey disappeared after leaving
-his car near the Severn Bridge.
-It was a massive blow to the band
-and the future was left uncertain.
-Next time, the bands conquer
-the British charts...
-..and Welsh politics
-S4C Subtitles by Tinopolis
Cyfres yn olrhain un o gyfnodau pwysicaf yn hanes cerddoriaeth Gymreig, a roddodd Gymru ar fap miwsig y byd. Series looking the Cool Cymru years and bands such as Manic Street Preachers.