Sut i sychu hadau tomato ar gyfer plannu y flwyddyn nesaf a thips ar gyfer tocio Aster a Rudbeckia. How to save tomato seeds to plant next year and tips on cutting back Aster an...
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-Welcome back to Pont y Twr.
-What was your summer like?
-The weather was very unsettled here.
-We had so much rain
-and strong winds in early August.
-Thankfully, it didn't do
-too much harm to the flowers.
-As you can see, these wallflowers
-are almost at the end of their life.
-The colour is still vivid.
-Over here, these sedums
-have almost burst open.
-What do we have for you this week?
-Iwan has suggestions for those
-of you with a glut of cucumbers.
-Meinir finds out which bees
-regularly visit her garden.
-And we visit
-a teeming allotment in Aberystwyth.
-How did you react
-to the challenging summer weather?
-I feel as if we've had
-two totally different summers.
-It was really dry until late July...
-..and I was constantly watering
-the vegetable patch.
-Take these leeks.
-I was worried about these,
-as the soil here is dry and sandy.
-If we don't get enough rain...
-..plants like these
-tend to flower and bolt.
-I only had to uproot one or two.
-Then we had all that rain in August.
-I was able to put the hose
-back in the shed.
-We went off
-on a family holiday...
-..and the garden
-looked after itself.
-As you can see from the foliage,
-the carrots have done well.
-The beetroots and courgettes
-have also been a success.
-I've also had some success inside.
-I've been harvesting tomatoes
-in the greenhouse all summer.
-This variety here is Garnet.
-This yellow one, Sunlemon,
-has also been a big success.
-If you've done well
-with any vegetable in the garden...
-..and are aiming, like us,
-to be totally self-sufficient...
-..it may be time
-to collect seeds.
-are among the easiest to gather.
-But I won't be collecting
-any from this Roma variety.
-It's been difficult to handle.
-It has to be pruned weekly,
-grows too much vegetation...
-..and the fruits
-aren't all that tasty.
-They're also a bit too soft,
-so they clearly don't like it here.
-But the Sunlemon and the Garnet...
-..have been exceptionally good,
-so I'll definitely save these seeds.
-The reason that tomato seeds
-are easy to collect...
-..is that we can be
-..that the seeds inside
-will be similar to the parent...
-..because the tomato flower
-pollinates itself as it opens.
-A bee could have flown
-into the greenhouse...
-from another flower...
-..but the probability
-is that it will be like the parent.
-It's simple enough.
-I'm going to cut the tomato in half.
-I'll use a teaspoon
-to collect the seeds.
-As you can see,
-there are lots of them.
-I'll spread them onto kitchen paper.
-I need to dry the seeds.
-They won't keep over winter
-if they're moist.
-..let them dry in the sun...
-..then wrap them in newspaper
-in a dry, dark place over winter.
-Others think that you need
-to remove this protective layer...
-..this jelly surrounding the seed.
-You can see that it has come off.
-That's the seed...
-..and that's the protective layer.
-I'm going to experiment
-with both techniques.
-I'll remove the protective layer
-from some, and keep it on the rest.
-We'll see next year
-which seeds perform best.
-Look at this Persicaria.
-The bees flock to it.
-I love to watch them working busily.
-But I've never considered...
-..what type of bees
-feast in our garden.
-If, like me,
-you're ignorant in such matters...
-..Meinir's item will be of interest.
-It's one of gardening's pleasures.
-Watching bees feast on flowers
-and plants that you have nurtured.
-But of all the insects
-in the garden...
-..my favourite is the bumblebee.
-Also known as humble-bees...
-..the name bumblebee is more common,
-and is the official name.
-They're interesting insects.
-Conservationist Bethan Wyn
-is taking me into their world.
-How many different types are there?
-How many different types are there?
-There are 24 in Britain.
-There are six that you're
-most likely to see in your garden.
-There's one of them here.
-The buff-tailed bumblebee,
-out looking for nectar.
-The buff-tailed bumblebee
-has two yellow stripes.
-One near the head,
-on the thorax...
-..and one on the body,
-or, more accurately, the abdomen.
-The tail isn't quite white.
-Why do they like lavender?
-Why do they like lavender?
-Because it has lots of nectar.
-They get at it with the proboscis,
-The shape of the flower
-matches the shape of the proboscis.
-How can you identify the bees?
-There are several different ways.
-If they stay still long enough
-for you to count the stripes...
-..that's a good way
-to differentiate between species.
-we have the common carder bee.
-Of the ones you're likely to see...
-..this one is notably different.
-The body is a lot less black.
-It's an orangey yellow colour.
-As well as the common carder bee...
-..we saw a garden bumblebee.
-It has three yellow stripes
-and a white tail.
-The early bumblebee
-has a yellow stripe on the thorax...
-..a less obvious one on the abdomen,
-and a red tail.
-You can tell
-that this is a female worker.
-Only they carry pollen
-in small baskets on their legs.
-We also saw
-a white-tailed bumblebee.
-It's very similar
-to the buff-tailed bumblebee.
-The workers, at least.
-She has two
-identical yellow stripes...
-..but the tail is very white.
-What's the life of a bumblebee?
-If I follow the season,
-starting in spring...
-..that's when the queen emerges.
-She has been asleep all winter.
-She'll build a nest and lay eggs.
-After a few weeks, they'll hatch.
-That's where the colony starts.
-The worker bees will spend summer
-out searching for nectar.
-By the end of the summer,
-the colony will get smaller.
-The queen will die and the workers
-will start to feed larvae...
-..to create another queen, in a way.
-She will then sleep all winter
-and emerge to feed in spring.
-And start building a new nest.
-And start building a new nest.
-Why are bumblebees important?
-There are lots of reasons.
-Firstly, they're pollinators.
-we'd have a lot less food.
-They pollinate the crops
-that we eat.
-Little things like the fact
-that they're really nice to look at.
-You can sit in the garden
-and take the time to watch them.
-It just looks so happy.
-And the noise they make.
-The buzzing, yes.
-The word bumblebee stems
-from the Latin word for buzzing.
-Little things like that.
-How can you create a garden
-that benefits bumblebees?
-Exactly what you have done here.
-Different kinds of flowers.
-Just remember too that the queen
-emerges quite early in the spring.
-It's important that there's food
-available for her as well.
-I'll plant winter and
-early spring-flowering heather...
-..to help those queens.
-If you see a bumblebee
-and don't know its species...
-..feel free to send us a photo
-and we'll try to help identify it.
-Tips From The Nursery
-Plants that sell well
-this time of year are Heucheras.
-They come in all kinds of colours,
-from dark to light.
-will last through the autumn.
-They're ideal for pots and planters.
-This one is my favourite.
-It looks nice
-with other colours in one pot.
-It's ideal at this time of year.
-Earlier this year,
-if you remember...
-..Sioned let me have
-a corner of the polytunnel...
-..to grow a few vegetables.
-I can tell you,
-she's glad that she did.
-Not only do we have
-melons growing here...
-..the sweet potatoes
-are doing quite well.
-We also have lots of different
-peppers, some small, some big.
-I want to harvest the cucumbers.
-I have some different varieties.
-Take this snack box variety.
-These are fully grown.
-The children love harvesting these.
-They eat them
-straight from the polytunnel.
-But if you think
-you've seen a cucumber...
-..let me show you this one.
-That's what I call
-a proper cucumber.
-This is the Pepinex variety.
-As you can see, it grows much bigger
-than the snack box variety.
-are eaten as part of a salad.
-But if you have too many...
-..as is true in my case...
-..it's time to make
-a pickle out of them.
-That's just what I'll do later on.
-While I pick these...
-..let's visit Jim Jones
-on his allotment hear Aberystwyth.
-I've been here for about 17 years.
-I applied for a few jobs.
-I was either too old
-or too qualified.
-I don't know why!
-I put my name down
-to have something to do.
-It won't be long, I thought.
-But I waited three or four years
-before getting this patch.
-Back then, it was awfully wild.
-Weeds, nettles, brambles, dear me.
-I expected to see a tiger
-at any moment.
-So many weeds.
-It's hard work.
-If you don't like working,
-the weeds will grow.
-I'm picking some potatoes.
-I've cut all the tops
-because blight got them.
-They won't keep over winter,
-but they're very tasty at this time.
-As you can see, one potato...
-Oh, my back!
-That's the mark of potato blight.
-Here it is, the devil's nest!
-It looks untidy,
-but I know where everything is.
-It's all in there.
-The job is finding it.
-I never buy anything from a shop.
-People go, or they die,
-and leave their tools.
-Not being cheeky,
-but I took everything.
-They're here for any newcomers.
-If they want anything,
-just ask and you're welcome.
-Unless I want them!
-Me first, because I found them!
-And that's it.
-That's why it looks a bit untidy.
-My feet sweat too much
-in a pair of wellingtons.
-But they're OK in shoes.
-These have an industrial toecap...
-..in case I have
-an accident with a fork.
-I found an old pair of wellingtons
-that someone left in a shed.
-I cut the bottoms off...
-..put them on before the shoe
-and they fit perfectly.
-It does just fine.
-I come here for the friendship...
-..for healthy food,
-and for exercise.
-I enjoy it.
-It gets me out of the house.
-The wife has it while I'm here.
-To give her some peace.
-I get some peace too,
-But if I'm late back, I get a row.
-One of the problems
-vegetable growers face...
-..and I'm sure it's the same
-for Jim, is a glut of vegetables.
-Too much produce
-as the growing season goes on.
-No-one likes waste...
-..especially after all the effort
-to grow them in the first place.
-A good way to solve the problem...
-..is to make a pickle, and that's
-what I'll do with this cucumber.
-This American recipe is known
-as bread and butter pickles...
-..because it can be found
-on everyone's dinner table.
-First, slice four Pepinex cucumbers
-or six regular-sized ones...
-..and four red onions.
-Mix in a bowl with three quarters of
-a cup of pickling salt or sea salt.
-There we are,
-the vegetables are ready.
-The next step is to place some ice
-on top of the cucumber.
-That then goes into a fridge
-for at least four hours.
-We do that
-to retain the cucumber's crunch.
-Into the fridge it goes.
-While that chills,
-I'll prepare the syrup.
-First, 750ml of cider vinegar...
-..two cups of sugar...
-..two and a half tablespoons
-of yellow mustard seeds...
-..and one and half tablespoons
-The remaining ingredients
-Two tablespoons each
-of garlic powder and celery seeds...
-..and if you like a hot pickle,
-as much chilli as you can handle.
-Bring the mixture to a boil.
-I've prepared another batch
-that has been refrigerated.
-The ice has melted,
-and I've drained all the liquid.
-I'm now ready to add the syrup.
-This looks lovely!
-This can now go back onto the heat
-to simmer for a while.
-It should have warmed through
-in five minutes.
-I'll sterilize the jars...
-..by pouring boiling water
-..and placing the lids
-in boiling water.
-I'm now ready
-to fill the jars with pickle.
-I must say, it smells incredible.
-The red onions
-have retained their colour.
-Before I put the lid on...
-..I have to wipe the rim.
-If it's not clean...
-..it might not seal properly.
-Pickling jar lids
-come in two parts.
-The lower lid
-seals the pickle in the jar...
-..by removing air from the gap
-between the lid and the pickle.
-So that every lid does its job,
-you need to boil the jars.
-Be sure to have about half an inch
-of water over the jars.
-After 15-20 minutes,
-remove them to a cooler temperature.
-A tool like this will come in handy.
-There we are.
-The cooling process
-will seal the lid...
-..then I can label them.
-What better Christmas present...
-..than a taste of summer
-from Pont y Twr's garden?
-It's now September, of course.
-Some of the plants have reached
-the end of their season.
-Despite the unsettled weather
-over the summer...
-..the flowers have been lovely.
-But these hollyhocks
-have let me down this year.
-As you can see, they look terrible,
-having suffered from rust.
-This plant does have a tendency
-to suffer from rust...
-..if you don't stay on top of it.
-In Victorian times,
-when these were grown everywhere...
-..they sprayed everything.
-But we're trying
-to be much more organic.
-The upshot is, I'll probably sulk
-and I won't plant them next year.
-The damp weather
-that we've endured...
-the standard rose either.
-Black spot has attacked it,
-and I haven't got rid of it.
-Next year, I'll uproot the shrub
-and plant something in its place.
-But I'm sure these are problems
-faced by many during the summer.
-On the other hand,
-many flowers have thrived...
-..as you can see in this new border.
-The Penstemon are all from cuttings
-I've taken in the past two years.
-I have three different types,
-and they look wonderful.
-I planted these Echinacea
-when they were in bloom last year.
-Often, they don't survive frost...
-..so I'm delighted
-that they have flowered again.
-Something else that's special to me
-is this honeysuckle.
-Three years ago, I took cuttings
-from a plant my grandmother had.
-I planted them along the fence
-but never got many flowers.
-But look at them this year!
-The aroma is wonderful.
-I also love the different shapes...
-..and the colours in every flower.
-There are also more to come.
-Hopefully, I'll have flowers
-for another two or three weeks.
-A little something
-to brighten our days!
-Well, that's it for now.
-I hope you can join us
-again next week...
-..when we find out how Meinir got on
-at the Cerrigydrudion show.
-You've been making pickle!
-You've been making pickle!
-Hands off. They're Christmas gifts.
-They look very nice.
-Also next week,
-I visit a Cardiff family...
-..to help transform their garden
-into a fun place for children.
-And for the first time, I'll try
-to plant potatoes for Christmas.
-Lots to look forward to there.
-Until next time,
-enjoy the gardening.
-S4C Subtitles by Testun Cyf.
Sut i sychu hadau tomato ar gyfer plannu y flwyddyn nesaf a thips ar gyfer tocio Aster a Rudbeckia. How to save tomato seeds to plant next year and tips on cutting back Aster and Rudbeckia.