Pennod 11 Garddio a Mwy


Pennod 11

Sut i sychu hadau tomato ar gyfer plannu y flwyddyn nesaf a thips ar gyfer tocio Aster a Rudbeckia. How to save tomato seeds to plant next year and tips on cutting back Aster an...


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-Welcome back to Pont y Twr.

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-What was your summer like?

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-The weather was very unsettled here.

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-We had so much rain

-and strong winds in early August.

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-Thankfully, it didn't do

-too much harm to the flowers.

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-As you can see, these wallflowers

-are almost at the end of their life.

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-The colour is still vivid.

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-Over here, these sedums

-have almost burst open.

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-What do we have for you this week?

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-Iwan has suggestions for those

-of you with a glut of cucumbers.

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-Meinir finds out which bees

-regularly visit her garden.

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-And we visit

-a teeming allotment in Aberystwyth.

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-How did you react

-to the challenging summer weather?

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-I feel as if we've had

-two totally different summers.

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-It was really dry until late July...

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-..and I was constantly watering

-the vegetable patch.

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-Take these leeks.

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-I was worried about these,

-as the soil here is dry and sandy.

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-If we don't get enough rain...

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-..plants like these

-tend to flower and bolt.

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-Thankfully,

-I only had to uproot one or two.

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-Then we had all that rain in August.

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-I was able to put the hose

-back in the shed.

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-We went off

-on a family holiday...

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-..and the garden

-looked after itself.

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-As you can see from the foliage,

-the carrots have done well.

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-The beetroots and courgettes

-have also been a success.

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-I've also had some success inside.

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-I've been harvesting tomatoes

-in the greenhouse all summer.

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-This variety here is Garnet.

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-This yellow one, Sunlemon,

-has also been a big success.

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-If you've done well

-with any vegetable in the garden...

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-..and are aiming, like us,

-to be totally self-sufficient...

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-..it may be time

-to collect seeds.

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-Tomato seeds

-are among the easiest to gather.

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-But I won't be collecting

-any from this Roma variety.

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-It's been difficult to handle.

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-It has to be pruned weekly,

-grows too much vegetation...

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-..and the fruits

-aren't all that tasty.

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-They're also a bit too soft,

-so they clearly don't like it here.

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-But the Sunlemon and the Garnet...

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-..have been exceptionally good,

-so I'll definitely save these seeds.

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-The reason that tomato seeds

-are easy to collect...

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-..is that we can be

-fairly certain...

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-..that the seeds inside

-will be similar to the parent...

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-..because the tomato flower

-pollinates itself as it opens.

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-A bee could have flown

-into the greenhouse...

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-..and cross-pollinated

-from another flower...

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-..but the probability

-is that it will be like the parent.

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-It's simple enough.

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-I'm going to cut the tomato in half.

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-I'll use a teaspoon

-to collect the seeds.

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-As you can see,

-there are lots of them.

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-I'll spread them onto kitchen paper.

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-I need to dry the seeds.

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-They won't keep over winter

-if they're moist.

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-Some people...

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-..let them dry in the sun...

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-..then wrap them in newspaper

-in a dry, dark place over winter.

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-Others think that you need

-to remove this protective layer...

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-..this jelly surrounding the seed.

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-You can see that it has come off.

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-That's the seed...

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-..and that's the protective layer.

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-I'm going to experiment

-with both techniques.

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-I'll remove the protective layer

-from some, and keep it on the rest.

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-We'll see next year

-which seeds perform best.

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-Look at this Persicaria.

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-The bees flock to it.

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-I love to watch them working busily.

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-But I've never considered...

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-..what type of bees

-feast in our garden.

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-If, like me,

-you're ignorant in such matters...

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-..Meinir's item will be of interest.

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-It's one of gardening's pleasures.

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-Watching bees feast on flowers

-and plants that you have nurtured.

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-But of all the insects

-in the garden...

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-..my favourite is the bumblebee.

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-Also known as humble-bees...

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-..the name bumblebee is more common,

-and is the official name.

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-They're interesting insects.

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-Conservationist Bethan Wyn

-is taking me into their world.

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-How many different types are there?

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-How many different types are there?

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-There are 24 in Britain.

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-There are six that you're

-most likely to see in your garden.

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-There's one of them here.

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-The buff-tailed bumblebee,

-out looking for nectar.

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-The buff-tailed bumblebee

-has two yellow stripes.

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-One near the head,

-on the thorax...

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-..and one on the body,

-or, more accurately, the abdomen.

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-The tail isn't quite white.

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-Why do they like lavender?

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-Why do they like lavender?

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-Because it has lots of nectar.

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-They get at it with the proboscis,

-their tongue.

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-The shape of the flower

-matches the shape of the proboscis.

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-How can you identify the bees?

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-There are several different ways.

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-If they stay still long enough

-for you to count the stripes...

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-..that's a good way

-to differentiate between species.

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-Over here,

-we have the common carder bee.

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-Of the ones you're likely to see...

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-..this one is notably different.

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-The body is a lot less black.

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-It's an orangey yellow colour.

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-As well as the common carder bee...

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-..we saw a garden bumblebee.

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-It has three yellow stripes

-and a white tail.

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-The early bumblebee

-has a yellow stripe on the thorax...

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-..a less obvious one on the abdomen,

-and a red tail.

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-You can tell

-that this is a female worker.

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-Only they carry pollen

-in small baskets on their legs.

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-We also saw

-a white-tailed bumblebee.

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-It's very similar

-to the buff-tailed bumblebee.

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-The workers, at least.

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-She has two

-identical yellow stripes...

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-..but the tail is very white.

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-What's the life of a bumblebee?

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-If I follow the season,

-starting in spring...

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-..that's when the queen emerges.

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-She has been asleep all winter.

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-She'll build a nest and lay eggs.

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-After a few weeks, they'll hatch.

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-That's where the colony starts.

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-The worker bees will spend summer

-out searching for nectar.

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-By the end of the summer,

-the colony will get smaller.

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-The queen will die and the workers

-will start to feed larvae...

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-..to create another queen, in a way.

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-She will then sleep all winter

-and emerge to feed in spring.

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-And start building a new nest.

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-And start building a new nest.

-

-Yes, exactly.

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-Why are bumblebees important?

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-There are lots of reasons.

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-Firstly, they're pollinators.

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-Without pollinators,

-we'd have a lot less food.

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-They pollinate the crops

-that we eat.

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-Little things like the fact

-that they're really nice to look at.

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-You can sit in the garden

-and take the time to watch them.

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-It just looks so happy.

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-And the noise they make.

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-The buzzing, yes.

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-The word bumblebee stems

-from the Latin word for buzzing.

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-Little things like that.

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-How can you create a garden

-that benefits bumblebees?

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-Exactly what you have done here.

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-Different kinds of flowers.

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-Just remember too that the queen

-emerges quite early in the spring.

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-It's important that there's food

-available for her as well.

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-I'll plant winter and

-early spring-flowering heather...

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-..to help those queens.

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-If you see a bumblebee

-and don't know its species...

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-..feel free to send us a photo

-and we'll try to help identify it.

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-Tips From The Nursery

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-Plants that sell well

-this time of year are Heucheras.

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-They come in all kinds of colours,

-from dark to light.

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-The colours

-will last through the autumn.

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-They're ideal for pots and planters.

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-This one is my favourite.

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-Green Spice.

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-It looks nice

-with other colours in one pot.

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-It's ideal at this time of year.

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-.

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-Earlier this year,

-if you remember...

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-..Sioned let me have

-a corner of the polytunnel...

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-..to grow a few vegetables.

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-I can tell you,

-she's glad that she did.

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-Not only do we have

-melons growing here...

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-..the sweet potatoes

-are doing quite well.

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-We also have lots of different

-peppers, some small, some big.

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-But today,

-I want to harvest the cucumbers.

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-I have some different varieties.

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-Take this snack box variety.

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-These are fully grown.

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-The children love harvesting these.

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-They eat them

-straight from the polytunnel.

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-But if you think

-you've seen a cucumber...

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-..let me show you this one.

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-That's what I call

-a proper cucumber.

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-This is the Pepinex variety.

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-As you can see, it grows much bigger

-than the snack box variety.

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-Traditionally, cucumbers

-are eaten as part of a salad.

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-But if you have too many...

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-..as is true in my case...

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-..it's time to make

-a pickle out of them.

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-That's just what I'll do later on.

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-While I pick these...

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-..let's visit Jim Jones

-on his allotment hear Aberystwyth.

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-I've been here for about 17 years.

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-After retiring,

-I applied for a few jobs.

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-I was either too old

-or too qualified.

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-I don't know why!

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-I put my name down

-to have something to do.

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-It won't be long, I thought.

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-But I waited three or four years

-before getting this patch.

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-Back then, it was awfully wild.

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-Weeds, nettles, brambles, dear me.

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-I expected to see a tiger

-at any moment.

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-So many weeds.

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-It's hard work.

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-If you don't like working,

-the weeds will grow.

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-I'm picking some potatoes.

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-I've cut all the tops

-because blight got them.

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-They won't keep over winter,

-but they're very tasty at this time.

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-As you can see, one potato...

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-Oh, my back!

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-That's the mark of potato blight.

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-Here it is, the devil's nest!

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-It looks untidy,

-but I know where everything is.

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-It's all in there.

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-The job is finding it.

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-I never buy anything from a shop.

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-People go, or they die,

-and leave their tools.

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-Not being cheeky,

-but I took everything.

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-They're here for any newcomers.

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-If they want anything,

-just ask and you're welcome.

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-Unless I want them!

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-Me first, because I found them!

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-And that's it.

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-That's why it looks a bit untidy.

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-My feet sweat too much

-in a pair of wellingtons.

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-But they're OK in shoes.

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-These have an industrial toecap...

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-..in case I have

-an accident with a fork.

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-I found an old pair of wellingtons

-that someone left in a shed.

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-I cut the bottoms off...

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-..put them on before the shoe

-and they fit perfectly.

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-It does just fine.

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-I come here for the friendship...

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-..for healthy food,

-and for exercise.

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-I enjoy it.

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-It gets me out of the house.

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-The wife has it while I'm here.

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-To give her some peace.

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-I get some peace too,

-no tellings-off.

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-But if I'm late back, I get a row.

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-One of the problems

-vegetable growers face...

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-..and I'm sure it's the same

-for Jim, is a glut of vegetables.

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-Too much produce

-as the growing season goes on.

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-No-one likes waste...

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-..especially after all the effort

-to grow them in the first place.

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-A good way to solve the problem...

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-..is to make a pickle, and that's

-what I'll do with this cucumber.

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-This American recipe is known

-as bread and butter pickles...

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-..because it can be found

-on everyone's dinner table.

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-First, slice four Pepinex cucumbers

-or six regular-sized ones...

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-..and four red onions.

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-Mix in a bowl with three quarters of

-a cup of pickling salt or sea salt.

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-There we are,

-the vegetables are ready.

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-The next step is to place some ice

-on top of the cucumber.

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-That then goes into a fridge

-for at least four hours.

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-We do that

-to retain the cucumber's crunch.

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-Into the fridge it goes.

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-While that chills,

-I'll prepare the syrup.

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-First, 750ml of cider vinegar...

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-..two cups of sugar...

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-..two and a half tablespoons

-of yellow mustard seeds...

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-..and one and half tablespoons

-of turmeric.

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-The remaining ingredients

-are optional.

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-Two tablespoons each

-of garlic powder and celery seeds...

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-..and if you like a hot pickle,

-as much chilli as you can handle.

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-Bring the mixture to a boil.

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-Right.

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-I've prepared another batch

-that has been refrigerated.

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-The ice has melted,

-and I've drained all the liquid.

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-I'm now ready to add the syrup.

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-This looks lovely!

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-This can now go back onto the heat

-to simmer for a while.

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-It should have warmed through

-in five minutes.

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-Meanwhile,

-I'll sterilize the jars...

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-..by pouring boiling water

-into them...

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-..and placing the lids

-in boiling water.

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-I'm now ready

-to fill the jars with pickle.

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-I must say, it smells incredible.

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-The red onions

-have retained their colour.

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-Before I put the lid on...

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-..I have to wipe the rim.

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-If it's not clean...

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-..it might not seal properly.

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-That'll do.

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-Pickling jar lids

-come in two parts.

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-The lower lid

-seals the pickle in the jar...

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-..by removing air from the gap

-between the lid and the pickle.

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-So that every lid does its job,

-you need to boil the jars.

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-Be sure to have about half an inch

-of water over the jars.

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-After 15-20 minutes,

-remove them to a cooler temperature.

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-A tool like this will come in handy.

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-There we are.

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-The cooling process

-will seal the lid...

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-..then I can label them.

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-What better Christmas present...

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-..than a taste of summer

-from Pont y Twr's garden?

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-It's now September, of course.

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-Some of the plants have reached

-the end of their season.

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-Despite the unsettled weather

-over the summer...

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-..the flowers have been lovely.

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-But these hollyhocks

-have let me down this year.

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-As you can see, they look terrible,

-having suffered from rust.

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-This plant does have a tendency

-to suffer from rust...

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-..if you don't stay on top of it.

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-In Victorian times,

-when these were grown everywhere...

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-..they sprayed everything.

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-But we're trying

-to be much more organic.

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-The upshot is, I'll probably sulk

-and I won't plant them next year.

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-The damp weather

-that we've endured...

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-..hasn't helped

-the standard rose either.

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-Black spot has attacked it,

-and I haven't got rid of it.

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-Next year, I'll uproot the shrub

-and plant something in its place.

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-But I'm sure these are problems

-faced by many during the summer.

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-On the other hand,

-many flowers have thrived...

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-..as you can see in this new border.

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-The Penstemon are all from cuttings

-I've taken in the past two years.

0:21:280:21:33

-I have three different types,

-and they look wonderful.

0:21:340:21:38

-I planted these Echinacea

-when they were in bloom last year.

0:21:410:21:45

-Often, they don't survive frost...

0:21:460:21:49

-..so I'm delighted

-that they have flowered again.

0:21:490:21:52

-Something else that's special to me

-is this honeysuckle.

0:21:550:22:00

-Three years ago, I took cuttings

-from a plant my grandmother had.

0:22:010:22:06

-I planted them along the fence

-but never got many flowers.

0:22:060:22:12

-But look at them this year!

0:22:120:22:15

-The aroma is wonderful.

0:22:150:22:18

-I also love the different shapes...

0:22:190:22:23

-..and the colours in every flower.

0:22:230:22:26

-There are also more to come.

0:22:270:22:29

-Hopefully, I'll have flowers

-for another two or three weeks.

0:22:290:22:33

-A little something

-to brighten our days!

0:22:350:22:38

-Well, that's it for now.

0:22:410:22:42

-I hope you can join us

-again next week...

0:22:430:22:45

-..when we find out how Meinir got on

-at the Cerrigydrudion show.

0:22:450:22:49

-You've been making pickle!

0:22:490:22:51

-You've been making pickle!

-

-Hands off. They're Christmas gifts.

0:22:510:22:54

-They look very nice.

0:22:540:22:56

-Also next week,

-I visit a Cardiff family...

0:22:560:23:00

-..to help transform their garden

-into a fun place for children.

0:23:000:23:05

-And for the first time, I'll try

-to plant potatoes for Christmas.

0:23:050:23:10

-Lots to look forward to there.

0:23:100:23:13

-Until next time,

-enjoy the gardening.

0:23:130:23:16

-S4C Subtitles by Testun Cyf.

0:23:360:23:38

-.

0:23:380:23:38

Sut i sychu hadau tomato ar gyfer plannu y flwyddyn nesaf a thips ar gyfer tocio Aster a Rudbeckia. How to save tomato seeds to plant next year and tips on cutting back Aster and Rudbeckia.