Pennod 9 Garddio a Mwy


Pennod 9

Mae Iwan yn trawsblannu'r brassicas i'r gofod a adawyd gan y ffa llydain ac yn adeiladu amddiffynfa hollbwysig ar eu cyfer. Iwan transfers the brassicas and Sioned does some gar...


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Transcript


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-Welcome back to Pont y Twr.

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-Isn't it lovely

-to be in the garden in July?

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-The flowers are in their glory...

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-..and the aromas

-hit you from all directions.

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-Talking of aromas,

-later, I'll be showing you...

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-..how to get the best from the queen

-of scented flowers, the sweet pea.

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-Meinir builds a garden bench

-using these.

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-And Iwan cooks in the garden

-once again.

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-All this and more on Garddio A Mwy.

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-Last week, if you remember...

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-..I was busy doing those little jobs

-around the garden.

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-It was a long list.

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-I'm glad to say,

-I've almost ticked every box.

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-But one fairly substantial box

-remains unticked - the Brassicas.

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-As you can see, they're more

-than ready to be transplanted.

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-This bed is fairly small,

-but there are very many plants here.

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-We have calabrese,

-cauliflowers, purple broccoli...

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-..Brussels sprouts,

-both Rubine and normal...

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-..three different types of kale...

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-..some pak choi, early turnips

-and some Navona cauliflower.

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-They are the Brassica family,

-and these plants are important...

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-..because they sustain us

-through the dark winter months.

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-How do they do that?

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-They are biennial plants.

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-They grow during the first year...

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-..survive the winter,

-and flower in the second year.

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-They put a great deal of energy

-towards storing nutrients...

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-..in order to survive the winter.

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-Cabbages focus that energy

-on growing leaves...

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-..while turnips and swedes

-focus it on the roots.

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-It's that nutrient store

-which we eat.

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-Some of the Brassicas

-are ready to harvest now...

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-..like the turnips,

-which grow very quickly.

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-Others need to be transplanted

-to the bed where the beans grew.

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-I'll begin with the turnips.

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-They're a bit big. The optimum

-is the size of a golf ball.

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-As they grow so quickly,

-sow some every three or four weeks.

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-I'll transplant the calabrese first.

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-Usually, Brassicas should be moved

-when they're about six inches tall.

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-These are a bit more than that.

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-But I have a trick to help plants

-cope with the shock of uprooting.

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-Over here in this bowl...

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-..I have a mixture

-of soil, water and lime.

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-The idea is to wash the root

-in this liquid...

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-..and that gives them a boost.

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-There we are.

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-It's now ready to transplant.

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-Here's another planting secret.

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-Brassicas like firm soil.

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-They don't like soft soil.

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-I'll use the dibber.

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-Simply drop it into the hole...

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-..and it sits in its new home...

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-..at the same level

-as in the old bed.

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-Top up the soil around it...

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-..and make sure

-it's firmly in place.

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-The reason I transplant Brassicas

-is that they are long-term plants.

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-I don't have enough room...

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-..to turn over a whole section

-for Brassicas permanently.

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-I start them off in a small bed...

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-..then, as space becomes available,

-I transplant them.

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-Now, the Navona cauliflower.

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-The process is exactly the same.

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-Those two crops are both in place.

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-Last year, I had a problem

-with the cabbage white butterfly.

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-They lay their eggs on the leaves...

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-..and the larvae eat them when they

-hatch, and it's goodbye Brassicas.

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-That means one more job.

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-I'll make a frame

-with bamboo canes...

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-..and old water pipes

-which I've cut to size.

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-Now for the net.

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-You can buy one like this

-from your local garden centre.

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-Some people use the nets you get on

-skips, which are cheap and useful.

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-Make sure the holes

-are small enough...

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-..to prevent butterflies and moths

-getting at the plants.

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-There we are.

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-A stone at each corner

-will keep the net in place.

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-Hopefully, I won't get

-the same problem as last year.

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-If relaxing is just as important

-as working in the garden...

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-..Meinir's next item

-is sure to interest you.

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-Garden furniture are a dilemma.

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-Cheap ones can be very poor

-and last no time at all...

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-..and expensive ones

-can be extremely expensive.

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-But I have an idea

-that balances both options.

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-I'm making a bench from ten

-nine-inch concrete blocks...

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-..and pre-treated timber.

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-The blocks are about 3 each...

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-..and the timber about 12

-for eight feet or 2.5 metres.

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-After measuring and marking twice,

-and sawing the timber to length...

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-..install the first two blocks.

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-It's an important step,

-as this is the bench's foundation.

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-Use the straight edge of the timber

-to ensure they're at the same angle.

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-Both blocks are two metres apart.

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-It's then time

-to glue the blocks together.

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-This is very strong glue

-made especially for concrete...

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-..so you will need to use gloves.

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-Use plenty of glue.

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-You don't want the blocks

-coming loose.

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-People are going to sit on them,

-so it's important that it's safe.

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-I think it's straight.

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-After finishing both sides...

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-..I glue the blocks

-that'll form the back of the bench.

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-These are placed on their ends,

-in the middle of the block beneath.

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-That's the last block in place.

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-Now for the timber.

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-Depending on the timber you get...

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-..you might need

-to plane and sand it...

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-..and treat it with something

-to protect it from the elements.

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-You could remove the timber lengths

-and store them over the winter.

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-To make it more comfortable,

-I turn to Gilly, who's a seamstress.

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-She specializes in giving new life

-to old clothes.

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-I really like these.

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-After choosing the clothes,

-we measure, mark and cut.

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-Pin the material

-ready to be stitched.

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-Have you got enough pins?!

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-Have you got enough pins?!

-

-Have I used too many?

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-Put the cushion in the cover...

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-..and there we are.

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-Pretty.

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-Pretty.

-

-Happy?

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-Very happy.

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-You can use any old clothes

-to make cushion covers...

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-..hoodies, cardigans, skirts,

-as long as they're no longer needed.

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-Well, Gilly, they look good.

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-Do you want a drink?

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-Do you want a drink?

-

-Lovely, thank you.

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-We've deserved this.

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-We've deserved this.

-

-Yes.

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-Thanks for all your help.

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-Thanks for all your help.

-

-You're welcome.

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-Iechyd da.

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-Iechyd da.

-

-Iechyd da.

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-One of the important aspects

-of being a flower arranger...

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-..is securing a regular stock of

-flowers through the wedding season.

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-Sweet peas are among

-the most popular flowers...

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-..because of their vivid colours

-and their incredible scent.

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-A posy of these

-on the table as they ate...

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-..would gladden the heart

-of any wedding guest.

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-As you can see,

-these are past their best...

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-..while the ones outside

-are still blooming.

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-To make sure I have enough

-for the summer...

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-..these have to go, and I must

-plant more in the polytunnel.

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-There are some flowers left...

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-..but I need the stems

-to be much longer for my work.

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-As it's later in the season...

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-..and I've been cutting this

-since the end of March...

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-..the new growth

-now only has short stems.

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-But I'll cut them to put in a jug

-on the table in the house...

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-..and I can enjoy them

-for a few more days.

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-After clearing the old plants,

-I turn the soil and add compost.

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-I re-use the bamboo canes...

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-..and tie twine

-to help the new plants to climb.

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-You could install the canes

-in a wigwam shape, of course.

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-But I find

-that putting them in vertically...

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-..makes it easier to pick flowers

-when they grow to a height...

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-..than if the top

-was angled inwards.

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-I planted these seedlings

-about three weeks ago...

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-..and they're ready now

-to be planted in the soil.

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-I'll plant another one on this side.

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-One plant goes on either side

-of each bamboo cane.

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-I'll just pinch...

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-..down by a pair of leaves...

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-..and again on this side...

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-..to encourage lateral growth.

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-There they are, planted.

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-I'll need to water these

-because they're very thirsty.

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-Hopefully, within six weeks,

-I'll have more flowers.

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-.

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-Subtitles

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-Subtitles

-

-Subtitles

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-Have you ever cooked artichoke?

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-You often see it

-growing in people's gardens...

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-..but rarely do they venture

-to cook it.

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-I'll show you how.

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-If you look

-at this plant over here...

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-..the flower has begun to open.

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-That means that the petals

-will be hard...

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-..so these have gone

-a little bit too far.

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-But these over here are perfect.

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-The reason it's perfect,

-as you can see...

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-..is that these scaly petals

-haven't quite begun to open yet...

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-..so they'll be nice and soft.

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-As I cut these,

-more flowers will replace them.

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-It's a plant that will continue

-to flower through the season.

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-It can also flower

-as early as February.

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-These will do for now.

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-I'm going to cook the artichokes

-with fresh herbs from the garden.

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-The first step is to boil

-the artichokes for 30-40 minutes...

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-..until the petals are soft

-and easy to remove from the core.

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-While that's boiling,

-the rain is pouring down.

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-Not the best weather for cooking,

-but there we go.

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-I'll now make the sauce

-to go with the artichokes...

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-..using a bunch of herbs

-from the garden.

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-Of course, I must wash them first.

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-I'm using garlic chives...

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-..tarragon, parsley and spinach...

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-..and chopping them finely

-before adding four hard-boiled eggs.

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-Add salt and pepper, olive oil,

-red wine vinegar and anchovies.

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-The artichokes should be ready now.

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-Woo-hoo! Very nice.

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-We're ready to plate up.

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-I only need two plates.

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-One for the sauce...

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-..and another for the artichokes.

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-I'm going to remove

-each petal carefully.

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-As we get closer to the middle...

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-..the choke, or the artichoke...

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-..which we don't eat...

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-..because, as the name suggests,

-you can choke on it.

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-What we do

-is use the artichoke's petals...

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-..as a spoon...

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-..to pick up the sauce

-that I prepared.

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-You don't eat the petal.

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-You pull it through your teeth.

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-Mmm, very nice.

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-I may have used

-too many anchovies.

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-It's a bit salty.

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-But I can taste the tarragon.

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-The egg is also a good addition.

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-While I'm removing

-the rest of these petals...

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-..we'll visit an allotment owner...

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-..who's a strong believer

-in using produce from the garden.

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-My name is Keith Morris and this

-is our allotment in Aberystwyth.

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-We've been here

-for nine years now...

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-..after spending almost a decade

-on the waiting list.

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-I can escape to this allotment...

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-..from my day job

-as a photographer...

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-..and just tend the vegetables,

-the crops and the fruit.

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-When we inherited this allotment

-nine years ago...

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-..it was just a big open space

-with nothing in it.

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-We started slowly...

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-..by planting a few potatoes...

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-..then gradually built up

-from a corner up towards the street.

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-We laid beds.

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-Two years ago, we laid the paths

-to save time mowing the grass.

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-Nothing has failed completely yet.

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-But potato blight

-does hit us sometimes.

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-The potatoes are affected

-from time to time.

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-I've been pleasantly surprised by

-how well the artichokes are doing.

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-We planted a small one

-some years ago...

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-..and now, it's like a jungle!

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-I like things you can plant

-and then forget about them...

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-..and they come back

-year after year after year.

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-Ideal!

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-Today, I'm planting this vine

-in a sunny south-facing corner.

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-The trees behind me will shelter it

-from the cold north wind in winter.

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-The aim is for it to grow

-to the left and right.

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-I'll put an arch here,

-and it'll grow over that...

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-..towards the shed and beyond.

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-If it works, brilliant.

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-If it doesn't, I'll try

-something else next year.

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-Part of the allotment's appeal...

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-..is that you take a risk

-on what you grow from time to time.

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-Tips From The Nursery

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-My favourite plant at the moment

-is Astilbe.

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-Lots of colour at this time of year.

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-This one is pink, but they also come

-in white, purple and red.

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-It's easy to care for.

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-It's a herbaceous perennial.

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-It dies down in winter and grows

-back and flowers during the summer.

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-If you have a gap that needs filling

-with colour, you need an Astilbe.

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-For colour in a pot,

-go for perennial Violas.

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-Lots of different colours and sizes.

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-They flower for months and months.

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-One pot will last the whole summer.

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-They also come back year after year.

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-They don't need much water,

-and they're easy to care for.

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-Continually trim them back

-as the flowers die.

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-They'll keep flowering and you'll

-have colour all summer long.

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-Fair play, Iwan has been busy

-doing all those little jobs.

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-This week, I've decided

-to try to catch up with him.

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-My first job

-is to cut this geranium.

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-There are still some flowers left...

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-..but the entire plant is so untidy.

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-It would benefit the plant

-if we pruned it back to the base.

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-The new growth at the base

-looks much tidier than the rest.

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-Later in the season, we might

-get more pretty pink flowers.

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-This might strike you

-as a bit extreme...

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-..but, believe me,

-it'll benefit the plant.

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-It'll also make your border

-look much tidier.

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-And there we are,

-it looks better already.

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-This Brunnera also needs attention.

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-It's looking untidy.

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-I'm not going to touch

-these wonderful leaves.

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-These will provide interest

-over the summer.

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-But the flowers have run to seed

-and are looking rather untidy.

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-I'm cutting these right at the base.

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-I like to use flowers

-that have run to seed.

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-They have a nice texture...

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-..when mixed in with other flowers

-in an arrangement.

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-Another job I've wanted to do

-is to manage the Clematis.

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-The stems are long

-and I have to do something.

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-I'm going to run some twine

-from here across to here...

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-..then tie the stem onto it...

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-..to attract it to grow across.

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-I use normal twine.

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-As the Clematis grows

-and the stems strengthen...

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-..I'll remove the twine.

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-Very carefully, I'll pull the stem

-towards the twine...

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-..and wrap it around

-a couple of times...

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-..and bring it together.

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-What I'm doing

-is forming a knot with the leaves.

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-The stems are so flexible...

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-..that you can tie the leaves

-into a knot if you're careful.

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-That'll also keep the stem in place.

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-That's the Clematis tidied up.

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-I'm so glad to have done

-some of those little jobs...

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-..that have been mounting up

-for weeks.

0:22:380:22:41

-That's it for another week.

0:22:420:22:43

-I hope you'll join us

-at Pont y Twr again next week.

0:22:440:22:47

-But until then, enjoy the gardening.

0:22:470:22:50

-S4C Subtitles by Testun Cyf.

0:23:110:23:13

-.

0:23:130:23:14

Mae Iwan yn trawsblannu'r brassicas i'r gofod a adawyd gan y ffa llydain ac yn adeiladu amddiffynfa hollbwysig ar eu cyfer. Iwan transfers the brassicas and Sioned does some garden jobs.