Mae Iwan yn trawsblannu'r brassicas i'r gofod a adawyd gan y ffa llydain ac yn adeiladu amddiffynfa hollbwysig ar eu cyfer. Iwan transfers the brassicas and Sioned does some gar...
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-Welcome back to Pont y Twr.
-Isn't it lovely
-to be in the garden in July?
-The flowers are in their glory...
-..and the aromas
-hit you from all directions.
-Talking of aromas,
-later, I'll be showing you...
-..how to get the best from the queen
-of scented flowers, the sweet pea.
-Meinir builds a garden bench
-And Iwan cooks in the garden
-All this and more on Garddio A Mwy.
-Last week, if you remember...
-..I was busy doing those little jobs
-around the garden.
-It was a long list.
-I'm glad to say,
-I've almost ticked every box.
-But one fairly substantial box
-remains unticked - the Brassicas.
-As you can see, they're more
-than ready to be transplanted.
-This bed is fairly small,
-but there are very many plants here.
-We have calabrese,
-cauliflowers, purple broccoli...
-both Rubine and normal...
-..three different types of kale...
-..some pak choi, early turnips
-and some Navona cauliflower.
-They are the Brassica family,
-and these plants are important...
-..because they sustain us
-through the dark winter months.
-How do they do that?
-They are biennial plants.
-They grow during the first year...
-..survive the winter,
-and flower in the second year.
-They put a great deal of energy
-towards storing nutrients...
-..in order to survive the winter.
-Cabbages focus that energy
-on growing leaves...
-..while turnips and swedes
-focus it on the roots.
-It's that nutrient store
-which we eat.
-Some of the Brassicas
-are ready to harvest now...
-..like the turnips,
-which grow very quickly.
-Others need to be transplanted
-to the bed where the beans grew.
-I'll begin with the turnips.
-They're a bit big. The optimum
-is the size of a golf ball.
-As they grow so quickly,
-sow some every three or four weeks.
-I'll transplant the calabrese first.
-Usually, Brassicas should be moved
-when they're about six inches tall.
-These are a bit more than that.
-But I have a trick to help plants
-cope with the shock of uprooting.
-Over here in this bowl...
-..I have a mixture
-of soil, water and lime.
-The idea is to wash the root
-in this liquid...
-..and that gives them a boost.
-There we are.
-It's now ready to transplant.
-Here's another planting secret.
-Brassicas like firm soil.
-They don't like soft soil.
-I'll use the dibber.
-Simply drop it into the hole...
-..and it sits in its new home...
-..at the same level
-as in the old bed.
-Top up the soil around it...
-..and make sure
-it's firmly in place.
-The reason I transplant Brassicas
-is that they are long-term plants.
-I don't have enough room...
-..to turn over a whole section
-for Brassicas permanently.
-I start them off in a small bed...
-..then, as space becomes available,
-I transplant them.
-Now, the Navona cauliflower.
-The process is exactly the same.
-Those two crops are both in place.
-Last year, I had a problem
-with the cabbage white butterfly.
-They lay their eggs on the leaves...
-..and the larvae eat them when they
-hatch, and it's goodbye Brassicas.
-That means one more job.
-I'll make a frame
-with bamboo canes...
-..and old water pipes
-which I've cut to size.
-Now for the net.
-You can buy one like this
-from your local garden centre.
-Some people use the nets you get on
-skips, which are cheap and useful.
-Make sure the holes
-are small enough...
-..to prevent butterflies and moths
-getting at the plants.
-There we are.
-A stone at each corner
-will keep the net in place.
-Hopefully, I won't get
-the same problem as last year.
-If relaxing is just as important
-as working in the garden...
-..Meinir's next item
-is sure to interest you.
-Garden furniture are a dilemma.
-Cheap ones can be very poor
-and last no time at all...
-..and expensive ones
-can be extremely expensive.
-But I have an idea
-that balances both options.
-I'm making a bench from ten
-nine-inch concrete blocks...
-..and pre-treated timber.
-The blocks are about 3 each...
-..and the timber about 12
-for eight feet or 2.5 metres.
-After measuring and marking twice,
-and sawing the timber to length...
-..install the first two blocks.
-It's an important step,
-as this is the bench's foundation.
-Use the straight edge of the timber
-to ensure they're at the same angle.
-Both blocks are two metres apart.
-It's then time
-to glue the blocks together.
-This is very strong glue
-made especially for concrete...
-..so you will need to use gloves.
-Use plenty of glue.
-You don't want the blocks
-People are going to sit on them,
-so it's important that it's safe.
-I think it's straight.
-After finishing both sides...
-..I glue the blocks
-that'll form the back of the bench.
-These are placed on their ends,
-in the middle of the block beneath.
-That's the last block in place.
-Now for the timber.
-Depending on the timber you get...
-..you might need
-to plane and sand it...
-..and treat it with something
-to protect it from the elements.
-You could remove the timber lengths
-and store them over the winter.
-To make it more comfortable,
-I turn to Gilly, who's a seamstress.
-She specializes in giving new life
-to old clothes.
-I really like these.
-After choosing the clothes,
-we measure, mark and cut.
-Pin the material
-ready to be stitched.
-Have you got enough pins?!
-Have you got enough pins?!
-Have I used too many?
-Put the cushion in the cover...
-..and there we are.
-You can use any old clothes
-to make cushion covers...
-..hoodies, cardigans, skirts,
-as long as they're no longer needed.
-Well, Gilly, they look good.
-Do you want a drink?
-Do you want a drink?
-Lovely, thank you.
-We've deserved this.
-We've deserved this.
-Thanks for all your help.
-Thanks for all your help.
-One of the important aspects
-of being a flower arranger...
-..is securing a regular stock of
-flowers through the wedding season.
-Sweet peas are among
-the most popular flowers...
-..because of their vivid colours
-and their incredible scent.
-A posy of these
-on the table as they ate...
-..would gladden the heart
-of any wedding guest.
-As you can see,
-these are past their best...
-..while the ones outside
-are still blooming.
-To make sure I have enough
-for the summer...
-..these have to go, and I must
-plant more in the polytunnel.
-There are some flowers left...
-..but I need the stems
-to be much longer for my work.
-As it's later in the season...
-..and I've been cutting this
-since the end of March...
-..the new growth
-now only has short stems.
-But I'll cut them to put in a jug
-on the table in the house...
-..and I can enjoy them
-for a few more days.
-After clearing the old plants,
-I turn the soil and add compost.
-I re-use the bamboo canes...
-..and tie twine
-to help the new plants to climb.
-You could install the canes
-in a wigwam shape, of course.
-But I find
-that putting them in vertically...
-..makes it easier to pick flowers
-when they grow to a height...
-..than if the top
-was angled inwards.
-I planted these seedlings
-about three weeks ago...
-..and they're ready now
-to be planted in the soil.
-I'll plant another one on this side.
-One plant goes on either side
-of each bamboo cane.
-I'll just pinch...
-..down by a pair of leaves...
-..and again on this side...
-..to encourage lateral growth.
-There they are, planted.
-I'll need to water these
-because they're very thirsty.
-Hopefully, within six weeks,
-I'll have more flowers.
-Have you ever cooked artichoke?
-You often see it
-growing in people's gardens...
-..but rarely do they venture
-to cook it.
-I'll show you how.
-If you look
-at this plant over here...
-..the flower has begun to open.
-That means that the petals
-will be hard...
-..so these have gone
-a little bit too far.
-But these over here are perfect.
-The reason it's perfect,
-as you can see...
-..is that these scaly petals
-haven't quite begun to open yet...
-..so they'll be nice and soft.
-As I cut these,
-more flowers will replace them.
-It's a plant that will continue
-to flower through the season.
-It can also flower
-as early as February.
-These will do for now.
-I'm going to cook the artichokes
-with fresh herbs from the garden.
-The first step is to boil
-the artichokes for 30-40 minutes...
-..until the petals are soft
-and easy to remove from the core.
-While that's boiling,
-the rain is pouring down.
-Not the best weather for cooking,
-but there we go.
-I'll now make the sauce
-to go with the artichokes...
-..using a bunch of herbs
-from the garden.
-Of course, I must wash them first.
-I'm using garlic chives...
-..tarragon, parsley and spinach...
-..and chopping them finely
-before adding four hard-boiled eggs.
-Add salt and pepper, olive oil,
-red wine vinegar and anchovies.
-The artichokes should be ready now.
-Woo-hoo! Very nice.
-We're ready to plate up.
-I only need two plates.
-One for the sauce...
-..and another for the artichokes.
-I'm going to remove
-each petal carefully.
-As we get closer to the middle...
-..the choke, or the artichoke...
-..which we don't eat...
-..because, as the name suggests,
-you can choke on it.
-What we do
-is use the artichoke's petals...
-..as a spoon...
-..to pick up the sauce
-that I prepared.
-You don't eat the petal.
-You pull it through your teeth.
-Mmm, very nice.
-I may have used
-too many anchovies.
-It's a bit salty.
-But I can taste the tarragon.
-The egg is also a good addition.
-While I'm removing
-the rest of these petals...
-..we'll visit an allotment owner...
-..who's a strong believer
-in using produce from the garden.
-My name is Keith Morris and this
-is our allotment in Aberystwyth.
-We've been here
-for nine years now...
-..after spending almost a decade
-on the waiting list.
-I can escape to this allotment...
-..from my day job
-as a photographer...
-..and just tend the vegetables,
-the crops and the fruit.
-When we inherited this allotment
-nine years ago...
-..it was just a big open space
-with nothing in it.
-We started slowly...
-..by planting a few potatoes...
-..then gradually built up
-from a corner up towards the street.
-We laid beds.
-Two years ago, we laid the paths
-to save time mowing the grass.
-Nothing has failed completely yet.
-But potato blight
-does hit us sometimes.
-The potatoes are affected
-from time to time.
-I've been pleasantly surprised by
-how well the artichokes are doing.
-We planted a small one
-some years ago...
-..and now, it's like a jungle!
-I like things you can plant
-and then forget about them...
-..and they come back
-year after year after year.
-Today, I'm planting this vine
-in a sunny south-facing corner.
-The trees behind me will shelter it
-from the cold north wind in winter.
-The aim is for it to grow
-to the left and right.
-I'll put an arch here,
-and it'll grow over that...
-..towards the shed and beyond.
-If it works, brilliant.
-If it doesn't, I'll try
-something else next year.
-Part of the allotment's appeal...
-..is that you take a risk
-on what you grow from time to time.
-Tips From The Nursery
-My favourite plant at the moment
-Lots of colour at this time of year.
-This one is pink, but they also come
-in white, purple and red.
-It's easy to care for.
-It's a herbaceous perennial.
-It dies down in winter and grows
-back and flowers during the summer.
-If you have a gap that needs filling
-with colour, you need an Astilbe.
-For colour in a pot,
-go for perennial Violas.
-Lots of different colours and sizes.
-They flower for months and months.
-One pot will last the whole summer.
-They also come back year after year.
-They don't need much water,
-and they're easy to care for.
-Continually trim them back
-as the flowers die.
-They'll keep flowering and you'll
-have colour all summer long.
-Fair play, Iwan has been busy
-doing all those little jobs.
-This week, I've decided
-to try to catch up with him.
-My first job
-is to cut this geranium.
-There are still some flowers left...
-..but the entire plant is so untidy.
-It would benefit the plant
-if we pruned it back to the base.
-The new growth at the base
-looks much tidier than the rest.
-Later in the season, we might
-get more pretty pink flowers.
-This might strike you
-as a bit extreme...
-..but, believe me,
-it'll benefit the plant.
-It'll also make your border
-look much tidier.
-And there we are,
-it looks better already.
-This Brunnera also needs attention.
-It's looking untidy.
-I'm not going to touch
-these wonderful leaves.
-These will provide interest
-over the summer.
-But the flowers have run to seed
-and are looking rather untidy.
-I'm cutting these right at the base.
-I like to use flowers
-that have run to seed.
-They have a nice texture...
-..when mixed in with other flowers
-in an arrangement.
-Another job I've wanted to do
-is to manage the Clematis.
-The stems are long
-and I have to do something.
-I'm going to run some twine
-from here across to here...
-..then tie the stem onto it...
-..to attract it to grow across.
-I use normal twine.
-As the Clematis grows
-and the stems strengthen...
-..I'll remove the twine.
-Very carefully, I'll pull the stem
-towards the twine...
-..and wrap it around
-a couple of times...
-..and bring it together.
-What I'm doing
-is forming a knot with the leaves.
-The stems are so flexible...
-..that you can tie the leaves
-into a knot if you're careful.
-That'll also keep the stem in place.
-That's the Clematis tidied up.
-I'm so glad to have done
-some of those little jobs...
-..that have been mounting up
-That's it for another week.
-I hope you'll join us
-at Pont y Twr again next week.
-But until then, enjoy the gardening.
-S4C Subtitles by Testun Cyf.
Mae Iwan yn trawsblannu'r brassicas i'r gofod a adawyd gan y ffa llydain ac yn adeiladu amddiffynfa hollbwysig ar eu cyfer. Iwan transfers the brassicas and Sioned does some garden jobs.