John Humphrys invites four contestants to answer questions in the black chair. Subjects include the life of Robert Bruce Lockhart and the siege of Malta.
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First in the spotlight tonight is Andy Tucker,
a former diplomat, from Winchester.
His subject - author and secret agent, Robert Bruce Lockhart.
Next, Simon Spiro, a PhD student from Oxford.
He'll be answering questions on human parasites.
Rebecca Wickens, a local government officer, from Brighton.
Her subject - English poet and novelist, AC SWinburne.
And John Snedden, a teacher from the Forest of Dean.
His subject - the 16th-Century seige of Malta.
Hello and welcome to a new series of Mastermind, with me John Humphrys.
96 contenders will take up the challenge this year,
all hoping to claim the title
of Mastermind Champion and, of course,
win this glass bowl. To do that,
they must get through the first round,
before coming back to do it all again in the semifinal and then, ultimately, the Grand Final.
At each stage, they will have to answer questions on a different specialist subject,
so, as ever, we can expect a pretty eclectic mix.
Two minutes of questions on the specialist subject
and two and a half minutes on general knowledge.
So, let's get on with it and ask our first contender to join us, please.
And your name is?
And your specialist subject?
Robert Bruce Lockhart. Two minutes, starting now.
In which town in Fife was Lockhart born in September 1887?
To which post in Moscow was he appointed in late 1911?
What was the name of the British Ambassador, based in St Petersburg,
whom Lockhart did not meet for three years?
Sir George Buchanan.
Evgenia Petrovna Shelyepina was Trotsky's secretary.
Which journalist and associate of Lockhart did she marry?
During the WW1, the secretary of the Moscow Art Theatre,
Michael Lykiardopoulos, ran which department, under under Lockhart's supervision?
Which woman did he first meet in 1918 in St Petersburg?
He was romantically linked with her for the rest of his time in Russia?
Lockhart saw the Tsar twice in the summer of 1912,
the second time in Moscow to celebrate the centenary of which battle?
Which British agent became known to Lockhart in May 1918,
after walking up to the Kremlin and asking to see Lenin?
At which restaurant did Lockhart meet Maxim Litvinoff,
the Bolshevik Ambassador in London,
to receive a letter of recommendation to Trotsky?
Lyons Corner House.
What nationality was Lockhart's first wife, whom he married in 1912?
At which former seminary, then Bolshevik headquarters,
did Lockhart meet Lenin in March 1918?
What position in Moscow was held before the Revolution by the former vice-president
of the Imperial Duma, Michael Chelnokoff,
whom Lockhart describes as his best friend in Russia?
The Mayor of Moscow.
Who was the chief of the film mission who tried to coax
the Russians into the War, by showing them films of the Western Front?
Which social-revolutionary shot Lenin on the 31 Aug 1918, leading to Lockhart's arrest?
Who was the Czech Foreign Minister with whom Lockhart negotiated,
leading to the establishment of the Anglo-Czechoslovak Bank?
What was the surname of the Lancashire brothers, connected with cotton,
who invited Lockhart to play football for their factory team in Moscow?
To which city was Lockhart travelling in 1915 when he saw a train full
of Austrian prisoners on their way to Siberia?
-Who questioned Lockhart when he was arrested...
..after the attempt on Lenin's life?
No passes. Andy Tucker, a perfect round - 18 points.
Well, our next contender, please.
And your name is?
And your specialist subject?
Human parasites, in two minutes, starting now. What is the common name
of the biggest parasites that can live in the human body and grow up to 60 feet long?
While in South America, Charles Darwin was bitten by a bug
he called benchuca. This led to the theory
that his later ill-health was caused by which disease?
"River blindness" is found in which Arabian peninsula country?
Which disease, caused by filarial worms in the lymph channels,
results in excessive growth of the skin and connective tissue?
Malaria is transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected female
Anopheles mosquito. Which parasite causes the disease?
Which serious infectious disease, occurring in North and South America,
is caused by Rickettsia rickettsi, transmitted from small mammals by tick bites?
-Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever.
Which parasitic flatworms are referred to as "flukes"?
Um, digenean, er, trematodes.
What common name is given to the carriers and transmitters
of infectious agents in the genus Glossina?
Which usually harmless protozoan, a close relative of plasmodium,
is carried by billions of humans? It can be
dangerous during pregnancy and in HIV positive hosts.
What is the scientific name of the tapeworm
that can infect people who eat undercooked pork?
Which Scottish physician, first noted that mosquitoes
were vectors of lymphatic filariasis?
What name is given to an aquatic crustacean, such as Cyclops or Diaptomus,
that serves as an intermediate host to parasites?
Er, inter... Er, I don't... Pass.
Which 19th-Century German doctor fed bladder worms to condemned pisoners
to establish that they were the larval stage of the tapeworm?
What is the common name of the creature traditionally extracted by winding it
round a stick after it bursts through the skin? It causes dracunculiasis.
Which nematode worm lives in the subcutaneous tissue
and causes allergic reactions known as "Calabar swellings"?
Onco... Eh, loa loa.
Which biting insects are the vectors of the parasite leishmania?
Phlebotomine sand flies.
-Yes, what's the common name...
..of the devastating indigenous disease known as African Trypanosomiasis,
which causes weight loss and lethargy?
You had one pass. That name of the aquatic crustacean was copepod.
You have, Simon Spiro, 15 points.
And our next contender, please.
And your name is?
And your chosen subject?
Algernon Swinburne, in two minutes, starting now.
Swinburne first achieved literary success with which verse drama,
published in 1865 and influenced by the death of his sister Edith?
Atalanta in Calydon.
While at Balliol College, Swinburne met members of which artistic group,
who were decorating the Union Society Debating Hall?
What is the first play of Swinburne's trilogy
on Mary, Queen of Scots, a figure who fascinated him?
After being rejected for military service, Swinburne climbed which cliff
on the Isle of Wight to prove to himself that he was not a coward?
In about 1867, he had a relationship with which actress,
introduced to him by Rossetti?
Swinburne had a particular affinity for which birds,
writing a poem about one at Beachy Head in 1886?
Which punishment at Eton had a profound effect
on him for the rest of his life?
His novel Lesbia Brandon was not published until 1952.
What is the full name of its autobiographical central character?
-Er, Reginald Seyton.
-No, it's Herbert Seyton.
Which work by the Marquis de Sade
did Swinburne find amusing? It went on to influence his writings.
What was the name of the woman Rossetti installed as a model
in the house he shared with Swinburne? She was not welcomed by him.
Which Regent of France is the title character
of his early Elizabethan-style drama, The Queen Mother.
What is the title of the poem that opens,
"There were four apples on the bough"?
Which cousin and childhood friend married a distinguished soldier
in 1865? Swinburne corresponded with her
using an open code when they were older.
-Yes, or Mary Leith.
Which island inspired The Garden of Cymodoce,
as well as a ballad that begins, "Abreast and ahead of the sea
"is a crag's front cloven asunder"?
Swinburne's review of Baudelaire's Les Fleurs du Mal
appeared in which magazine in 1862?
-The Saturday Review.
Which poem, inspired by a Rossetti drawing, has the opening line,
"Three damsels in the queen's chamber"?
Which Oxford society, founded by his friend John Nichol
and of which Swinburne was a member,
was supposedly for men who were in poor health?
-The Old Mortality Society.
You had three passes. A Christmas Carol was the poem inspired by the Rossetti drawing.
The title of the poem that opens 'There were four apples on the bough', is August.
And the regent of France was Catherine De Medici.
-You have, Rebecca, 12 points.
And our final contender, please?
-And your name is?
-I'm a teacher.
-And your chosen subject?
-The Siege of Malta, 1565.
The Siege of Malta, two minutes. Which Grand Master of the Order of the Knights of St John
commanded the island's greatly outnumbered forces
during the Siege of Malta in 1565?
-Which fortress, the old capital of the island,
was used as the main base for the Order's cavalry?
-In which bay in the south of Malta did the Turkish fleet
anchor when it first arrived at the island?
-What name was given to the eight national divisions into which
the Knights of St John were separated?
-Which feast day, celebrated on June 21st 1565, did the Order
still observe on Malta despite being under siege?
-Who was the Grand Master's Latin Secretary,
the only English Knight of the Order to fight at the siege?
-Sir Oliver Starkey.
-Which unit of the Turkish army
was described as Christian by birth,
Spartan by upbringing and Muslims by conversion?
-Who was considered a coward for delivering an
overly pessimistic report on the state of St Elmo,
but died at the heart of the fighting for St Michael?
-Jean De La Cerda.
-What word was written on the arrow
shot into the town of Birgu by a spy in the Turkish army warning of an attack?
-Which infamous corsair and Governor of Tripoli, who was known
as 'The Drawn Sword of Islam', was mortally wounded during the Siege?
-What did the Grand Master order to be fired
from the cannons of St Angelo after the fall of St Elmo fort?
The heads of Turkish prisoners.
Who was the Viceroy of Sicily who eventually sent a large relief
force to Malta at the beginning of September?
-Don Garcio De Toledo.
-Which Chief Eunuch of the Sultan's seraglio
owned a merchant ship carrying luxury goods which was captured
by the Order in 1564, thus provoking the attack on Malta?
-Which defence force, specially constructed in Venice,
was used to bar the channel between St Angelo
and Senglea to the Turkish ships?
The great chain.
With a name derived from the harsh snorting sound it made when alight,
which flame-throwing weapon was used against the Turks attacking St Elmo fort
after they captured the ravelin?
-Which admiral was co-commander of the Turkish expedition
with Lala Mustapha Pasha, who controlled the army?
-Who led the cavalry attack on the Turkish camp which forced them
to abandon their assaults August 7th?
-BEEP Anastagi and De Lugny.
You, again, have a perfect round. 17 points.
What a round. Let's take a look at all of the scores.
In 4th place, with 12 points, Rebecca Wickens.
Third place, with 15 points, Simon Spiro.
Second place with a normally unbeatable 17 points, John Snedden.
But he was beaten, 18 points, Andy Tucker.
So, round two, General Knowledge. If there's a tie at end of this round,
then the number of passes is taken into account. The contender with the fewer passes is the winner.
And if they're tied on passes as well, then there's a tie-break.
The six highest scoring runners up will also be able to claim a place in the semi-final.
So let's get on with it, and ask Rebecca Wickens to join us again, please.
12 points is what you start with, your knowledge of AC Swinburne.
Let's see your general knowledge, starting now, two-and-a-half minutes.
Which organ of the body is affected by hepatitis?
-Which spicy soup originated in India
and takes it name from the Tamil for pepper water?
-What name is given to the position on the earth's surface
directly above the point of origin of an earthquake?
Which explorer led the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition
which left England on the ship Endurance in August 1914?
The Indistinguishable is the fourth symphony of which Danish composer,
who lived from 1865 to 1931?
In gardening, what term for breaking up the soil is
derived from a Greek word for a stylus or pencil?
-Which strident critic of Tony Blair resigned as International
Development Secretary in 2003 and from the Labour Party itself in 2006?
From which poem by Rupert Brooke did Iris Murdoch take
the title of her novel An Unofficial Rose?
-The Old Vicarage Grantchester.
In June 1978, who broke the solo round-the-world sailing
record by two days? She also became the first woman to sail
single-handed around the world via Cape Horn.
-Which historic place of worship was badly
damaged by fire in July 1984 after it was struck by lightning?
-The town of Witney in Oxfordshire was a centre for
the manufacture of which woollen articles?
-What name did the Scots give to Sir Henry Percy,
the eldest son of the first Earl of Northumberland,
because of the speed with which he attacked them?
-Which Spanish painter decorated the walls of his home,
the Quinta del Sordo or Home of the Deaf Man,
with a series of murals known as the Black Paintings?
-Which seabirds, that nest in large colonies round the coast,
are famed for their spectacular
headlong dives into the sea in search of fish?
-Whose television roles include the dentist Ben Parkinson
in Butterflies, and Judi Dench's ageing lover in As Time Goes By?
-In which part of the body are the cuboid and cuneiform bones?
The plot of which early Shakespeare comedy is based on
the enmity between the towns of Syracuse and Ephesus?
The...Comedy Of Errors.
In certain card games, what name is given to a card that can have
any value, suit or colour its holder wishes to designate?
Which Peruvian-born fashion photographer's pictures of Kate Moss
were published in a limited edition book each signed by him?
-Which operetta by Franz Lehar features
characters from the fictional country of Pontevedro?
The Merry Widow. BEEP
What is the smallest of the four main inhabited Balearic islands?
You had two passes. Naomi James was the first woman to sail
single-handed around the world. And when you break up the surface of the soil, it's called Scarifying.
-You have 23 points.
Now, Simon Spiro again, please.
You start out with 15 with your knowledge of those charming
human parasites. Two-and-a-half minutes on General Knowledge now.
The harmonica, sometimes know as the Blues or French harp has what common name?
-On which date of the year
do women traditionally propose to men?
-Which Italian nationalist's name has been used
for a woman's loose blouse and a type of biscuit?
-In classical mythology,
who is the Greek counterpart of the Roman goddess Diana?
What nickname was given to the parliament
convened by Oliver Cromwell in July 1653? It was derived from the
surname of one of its members whose first name was Praise-god.
-The adjective crepuscular refers particularly
to which part of the day?
Evening or twilight.
Who joined Chelsea Football Club in January 2011 for a reported
British record fee of fifty million pounds?
-Torres. The ruins of which Cistercian abbey, founded in 1131,
lie on the banks of the River Wye between Monmouth and Chepstow?
Which playwright, who was born in Dublin in 1751,
wrote the comedies The Rivals and School for Scandal?
What word for a law or rule, especially of the Church,
comes from the Greek for a straight rod?
-Which comedienne, who first came to attention
as the clumsy cleaner in the sitcom
Not Going Out, won three trophies at the 2010 British Comedy awards?
Which Asian Republic consists of over 17,500 islands
and extends approximately 3,200 miles from east to west?
Whose last words, when he was assassinated in 1948,
are said to have been He Ram, meaning Oh, God?
They are inscribed on his memorial in Delhi.
-The singer Liam Gallagher's band Beady Eye consists of four
members of which former band?
-Cochise and Geronimo were leaders
of which Native American tribe
that inhabited the south-western states?
-In the novels by Douglas Adams,
what type of organization does Dirk Gently run?
Holistic Detective Agency.
Gustavus Adolphus, who was killed at the battle of Lutzen
in 1632 during the Thirty Years War, was king of which country?
Sweden. A Bath chap is made with the meat
from the cheek and jaw of which animal?
-Which poem by Allen Ginsberg
opens with the line,
"I saw the best minds of my generation destroyed by madness"?
The furniture designer Robert Thompson
used what small rodent as his signature?
Which Oscar-winning 2010 film
charts the rise of the Facebook website?
-The Social Network.
-In Biblical literature, what name for books...
-..written later than the Hebrew scriptures,
such as Judith and The Wisdom Of Solomon,
comes from the Greek for "hidden"?
Four passes. The Ginsberg poem was Howl.
The Native American tribe from the southwestern states - the Apache.
The word for "law" or "rule" especially in the Church is "canon".
And the nickname for that parliament convened by Cromwell was Barebone's.
You have, Simon Spiro, 27 points.
And now John Snedden again, please.
And you got all your questions right,
so you got 17 points with your knowledge of the Siege Of Malta.
We'll test you on your general knowledge now.
27 is the score to beat so far. Let's see how you do.
The town of Hay-On-Wye
is particularly renowned for what kind of shops?
The name of which Florentine statesman, best known for The Prince,
has become a byword for cunning and duplicity?
Which British coin went into circulation on the 21st of April 1983?
Er, the pound coin.
Whom did the then Lord Privy Seal, Lord Halifax,
initially mistake for a footman when they first met in 1937?
Adolf Hitler! Which state of northeast India
is one of the world's largest tea-producing areas?
Which American illustrator, who died in 1978,
is best remembered for his covers for
The Saturday Evening Post and his Four Freedoms,
widely distributed during the Second World War?
Which future king became heir to the throne
when his father Frederick Louis,
Prince Of Wales, died in 1751?
In Treasure Island, what is the name of Long John Silver's parrot,
who frequently squawks, "Pieces of eight"?
-Which regiment had its headquarters
at Stirling Lines near Hereford for many years
until it moved to RAF Credenhill in 1999?
-Which film is credited with
introducing rock and roll to a wider audience
with Bill Haley & His Comets playing
Rock Around The Clock over the credits?
In the 2011 Carling Cup Final,
who beat Arsenal 2-1 to win
their first major trophy since 1963?
Which South American capital was originally named
City of the Kings by Francisco Pizarro,
because it was founded on the Feast Of The Epiphany in 1535?
The forerunner of which cult radio comedy series,
broadcast in 1951, was called Those Crazy People?
What name for the report of proceedings of the Houses Of Parliament
comes from the printer who took over their production
from William Cobbett in 1809?
-Which English city
holds an annual Goose Fair dating back to 1284?
Which song was written in the late 19th century by Eugene Pottier
and was the Soviet National Anthem from 1917 to 1944?
The Red Flag.
The Internationale. Who succeeded Hugh Gaitskell
as leader of the Labour Party in 1963?
Which spice consists of the unopened dried flower buds
of a tropical evergreen tree of the myrtle family?
-No, the clove.
Which virtuoso commissioned Berlioz
to write the work Harold In Italy,
but never performed it because the solo viola part
did not display his technique well enough?
-In Islam, what name is given to
the prophet Muhammad's journey from Mecca to Medina in July 622?
The 12,00 kilometre Paris-Brest-Paris competition...
-..first held in 1891,
is the oldest event in which sport?
Cycling is correct.
You had four passes. It was Paganini
who commissioned Berlioz to write that work.
The Blackboard Jungle introduced rock and roll to a wider audience.
Captain Flint said, "Pieces of eight."
And George III was the future King.
You have, John Snedden,
And finally Andy Tucker again, please.
And you start out with 18 points, a very big score,
but 30 is a pretty big score to beat. Let's see
how you do with general knowledge, 2.5 minutes starting now.
Which Parisian singer is remembered for songs
such as Non, Je Ne Regrette Rien and La Vie En Rose?
-Edward John Smith,
who was born in Hanley, Stoke-on-Trent, in 1850
was the captain of which ill-fated ship?
Othematoma, a deformation of the ear cartilage
typically suffered by rugby players,
is commonly known by what name?
-Which musical direction,
denoting a moderately slow tempo,
literally means "going" in Italian?
Andante. Which town, about 30 miles north of Aberdeen,
is one of Europe's largest whitefish ports?
What was the name of the plane in which Charles Lindbergh
made his historic transatlantic flight in May 1927?
Spirit of Saint Louis.
Which West London football club's home grounds
have included the Gun Club, Kilburn Cricket Club and White City?
-Queens Park Rangers.
-Which former Conservative Prime Minister
went on to serve under Asquith
as First Lord Of The Admiralty from 1915 to 1916,
and under Lloyd George as Foreign Secretary from 1916 to 1919?
What is the name of the BBC's Security Correspondent
who was seriously injured in an attack
by gunmen in Saudi Arabia in 2004?
Which common breakfast citrus fruit
is a relative of the bigger and coarser pomelo or shaddock?
-In the late 1920s, which Swiss-born architect
helped design the range of easy chairs and settees
numbered from LC1 onwards?
Whose debut novel The Collector, a psychological thriller,
was first published in 1963?
Which river forms a vast delta as it reaches its mouth
on the Adriatic coast of Italy between Venice and Ravenna?
The tenor Leo Slezak supposedly originated the witticism,
"What time's the next swan?" after missing his exit
in which opera by Wagner?
Whom did Napoleon Bonaparte once dismiss
as "a mere sepoy general"?
Bernard Leach established a pottery
at which Cornish resort in 1920?
-When an aspiring actor approached John Gielgud
for help preparing for an audition,
Gielgud assumed he was
a member of a brewing family. Who was he?
-During the Spanish Civil War,
the Nationalist General Emilio Mola Vidal
is credited with coining what term
for a clandestine force of subversive agents?
The fifth column.
Britain became a Province of Rome in 43 AD
under the rule of which Roman Emperor?
-Connie Booth was the first wife
of which actor and writer?
-What dark-coloured Asian bird...
-..renowned as a talker,
belongs to the same family as the starling?
-The mynah bird.
You had two passes. It was Le Corbusier
who helped design that range of chairs and settees
and Edward John Smith was the captain of the Titanic as you have now, of course, got.
Not that it matters, because you have a score, Andy Tucker,
of 36 points.
Well, what a score! Let's have a look at all of the scores.
In fourth place with 23 points -
good score in itself - Rebecca Wickens.
In third place with 27 points, Simon Spiro - another good one.
In second place with 30 points - a very high one - John Snedden.
In first place with a remarkable 36 points, Andy Tucker.
Which means, of course, that Andy Tucker is tonight's winner
and goes through to the semifinals.
Congratulations to him. Commiserations to John Snedden, but with that score of 30,
it is highly likely that we will see him again in the semifinal.
Now, if you would like to play an online version of Mastermind
or be a contender on the next series, do go to our website -
and do join us next time for more Mastermind.
Thank you for watching. Goodbye.
Subtitles by Red Bee Media Ltd
E-mail [email protected]
The hunt for the nation's Mastermind gets under way once more as John Humphrys questions four contenders on their specialist subject and general knowledge. Topics in this first heat are the life of Robert Bruce Lockhart, human parasites, the siege of Malta and the life and work of AC Swinburne.