Episode 29 Mastermind


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Episode 29

John Humphrys with another semi-final of the quiz. The subjects are Manchester music, the Battle of Clontarf, ER, Augustus Pitt-Rivers, and the Giordano Bruno novels of SJ Parris.


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Transcript


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Our first contender in the black chair tonight is Jonathan Wright,

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an operational support manager from Northumberland.

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He's answering questions on Manchester music.

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Christine Quigley is a communications consultant from London.

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Her specialist subject, the 11th-century Battle of Clontarf.

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Next, Claire Slater.

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She is a pharmacist from West Sussex and her specialist subject,

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the American television series ER.

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Jonathan Frere, a retired army officer from Hampshire.

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His subject, the 19th-century archaeologist Augustus Pitt Rivers.

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And Brian Chesney, retired librarian from Worcestershire

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on the Giordano Bruno novels by SJ Parris.

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APPLAUSE

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Hello and welcome to Mastermind with me, John Humphrys.

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Our five semifinalists are under the usual pressure,

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the ticking clock and so on,

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but they also know that whoever wins tonight will go through to

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the grand final and the real possibility of becoming

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the nation's Mastermind, so the pressure is even greater.

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Slightly changed timings, only a minute and a half on their

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specialist subject and two minutes on their general knowledge.

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So, let us have our first contender, please.

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And your name is?

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Your occupation?

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And your chosen subject?

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Manchester music in 90 seconds, starting now.

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"Punctured bicycle On a hillside desolate"

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are the opening lines of the song that gave The Smiths

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their first UK top 40 hit single. Which song?

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This Charming Man.

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Happy Mondays' debut album, Squirrel and G-Man Twenty Four Hour

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Party People Plastic Face Carnt Smile (White Out),

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released in 1987 on Tony Wilson's Factory Records, was produced

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by which former member of Velvet Underground?

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-John Cale.

-What was the title of the Stone Roses' second single,

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which was originally released in '87 but failed to chart?

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Sally Cinnamon.

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Which group topped the UK album chart with their eponymous

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debut album and the follow-up, "I Like It When You Sleep,

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"For You Are So Beautiful Yet So Unaware Of It"?

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-Sad Cafe.

-1975.

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What was the name of the club in Little Peter Street

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where Oasis played their first gig in 1991?

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The Boardwalk.

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Who produced Joy Division's debut album,

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Unknown Pleasures, which was released in 1979?

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Martin Hannett.

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Howard Devoto formed the band Magazine

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after he left the Buzzcocks.

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What was the title of the group's first single, released in '78?

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-She Goes By.

-Shot By Both Sides.

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Which act, comprising Katie White and Jules De Martino,

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topped the UK chart in 2008 with their debut album,

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We Started Nothing?

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-The xx.

-The Ting Tings.

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What was the name of the EP released by Elbow in July 2015?

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Guy Garvey's solo album, Courting The Squall,

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was issued later that year.

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Pass.

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For which band did Noel Gallagher work as a roadie

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before he joined his brother Liam in Oasis?

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Inspiral Carpets.

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What was the name of the band formed by Shaun Ryder

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and Bez after Happy Mondays split up?

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Their '95 debut album was called

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"It's Great When You're Straight...Yeah".

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-Black Grape.

-Black Grape is correct. BEEP

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You had one pass there, Jonathan.

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The name of that EP released by Elbow in July 2015 was

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-Lost Worker Bee.

-Thank you.

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-You have scored seven points.

-Thank you.

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APPLAUSE

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And our next contender, please.

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And your name is?

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Your occupation?

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And your chosen subject?

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In 90 seconds, starting now.

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The Battle of Clontarf was fought near Dublin on Good Friday

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1014 between an alliance of Vikings and Leinster men

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and the forces of the High King of Ireland, who was killed on the day.

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-What was his name?

-Brian Boru.

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Brian Boru was King of Munster as well as High King of Ireland.

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Which Irish tribe or dynasty was he a member of?

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Dal gCais.

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The Annals of Loch Ce claim that Brian was visited

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the night before the battle by a banshee who foretold his death.

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What was her name?

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Pass.

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What title was held by Sigurd Hlodvirsson, who brought troops

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and led the battle against Brian Boru's army at Clontarf?

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The jarl of Orkney.

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The title of the major Irish saga sources for Brian Boru's life

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and the Norse wars translates as War Of The Irish With Foreigners.

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What is its Gaelic title?

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Cogadh Gaedhel Re Gallaibh.

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To which of Brian Boru's daughters was Sigtrygg Silkbeard,

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the Norse king of Dublin, married?

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They reportedly watched the fighting from their battlements.

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Slaine.

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The Annals of Ulster compare Brian Boru to a Roman emperor,

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saying Brian was his equivalent for the whole of north-west Europe.

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Which emperor?

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-Hadrian.

-Augustus.

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Men from three generations of Brian Boru's family died at Clontarf.

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How did his grandson, Toirdelbach,

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reportedly die as he pursued the fleeing enemy?

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He drowned at a weir.

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What is the name of the coastal plain

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on the Howth Peninsula on which the battle took place?

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Mag Elta.

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The elderly Brian Boru is thought to have spent most of the battle

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praying away from the fighting.

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Which of his sons was his battle leader?

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Murchad.

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What is the name of the palace that was Brian Boru's

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stronghold during his reign?

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He increased its fortifications prior to the Battle of Clontarf.

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-BEEP

-Kincora.

-Kincora is correct.

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And you know what? I really hoped you'd get the answer to this one

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that you passed on because I have now got to pronounce it,

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so you'll have to forgive me.

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The name of the banshee who visited Brian was Aibhinn,

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-does that sound about right?

-Aibhinn, yeah.

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Yeah, there we are. Well, that's who she was.

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And that was your one pass, and you have scored, Christine, nine points.

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APPLAUSE

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And our next contender, please.

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And your name is?

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Your occupation?

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And your chosen subject?

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ER in 90 seconds, starting now.

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In season one, a medical student leaves a guide wire in a patient,

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which almost leads to the patient's death,

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but later returns to the ER as a fully qualified doctor.

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What's the doctor's name?

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Dr Chen.

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The surgical nurse played by Dinah Lenney appears in over 70 episodes

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but is only ever referred to by her first name. What is it?

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-Wendy.

-Shirley.

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For which city does Dr Susan Lewis leave to live

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with her troubled sister in season three because Mark Greene

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leaves it too late to confess to his feelings for her?

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Phoenix.

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What is the nickname of the skilled but obnoxious surgeon Robert Romano?

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It's embroidered on his white coat.

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Rocket.

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What is the full name of the tropical disease

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caused by eating unripe ackee fruit and diagnosed by Dr Dave Malucci

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in season six thanks to his experience

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as a medical student in Grenada?

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Pass.

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A suspected outbreak of a disease puts

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the ER on lockdown at the end of season eight with Carter,

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Abby, Chen and Pratt all confined in quarantine. What disease?

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Smallpox.

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What is the specialism of the department chief, Dr Carl DeRaad,

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who in his first appearance discusses the case

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of an overmedicated young boy in the episode Rites Of Spring?

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Psychiatrist.

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In season three, nurse Rhonda Sterling mixes up a package

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of a patient's belongings, including an American football,

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with one containing what?

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-His arm.

-His foot.

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What song does George Clooney's character, Dr Doug Ross,

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single with the trapped child Ben Larkin to keep him awake during

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a heroic rescue from a storm drain in the episode Hell And High Water?

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Pass.

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What permanent disability is Reese,

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the son of surgeon Dr Peter Benton, found to have?

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Deaf.

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What extracurricular commitment... BEEP

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..does Michael Gallant give as his excuse for missing ER meetings?

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-He's an Army Reservist.

-Indeed he is.

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And your two passes, the song that George Clooney's character sang

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was Take Me Out To The Ball Game.

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And the full name of that tropical disease

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is Jamaican vomiting sickness.

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-Claire, you have seven points.

-Thank you.

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APPLAUSE

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And our next contender, please.

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And your name is?

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Your occupation?

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And your chosen subject?

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In 90 seconds, starting now.

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Pitt Rivers was a Victorian soldier, archaeologist and collector.

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The museum of archaeological and ethnographic objects

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named after him was founded in 1884

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when he gave his collection to the university in which city?

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Oxford.

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Cissbury hillfort in Sussex was excavated twice by Pitt Rivers

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and was shown to contain a Neolithic mine for rock. What rock?

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Flint.

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What was the name of the Oxford anatomist who was a close friend

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of Pitt Rivers and accompanied him on a number

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of excavations, including a visit to Denmark in 1879?

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-Sir John Lubbock.

-George Rolleston.

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Which liberal politician and banker introduced

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the Ancient Monuments Protection Act 1882 that led to the appointment

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of Pitt Rivers as the first Inspector of Ancient Monuments?

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Sir John Lubbock.

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Which site on the edge of Cranborne Chase was

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the location of a Roman villa

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and was the last excavation carried out by Pitt Rivers in 1897?

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Iwerne.

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Into what regiment was Pitt Rivers commissioned in May 1845

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as a lieutenant?

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Grenadier Guards.

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Which organisation did Pitt Rivers become secretary of in 1868,

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a few years before it united with The Anthropological Society?

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The Ethnological Society.

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What is the name of the pleasure gardens

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on the Rushmore Estate founded by Pitt Rivers in 1880?

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Larmer Grounds.

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In 1851, Pitt Rivers joined a committee testing rifles

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for the British Army that selected a muzzle-loading rifle

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named after the French designer of the bullet. What was he called?

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Minie.

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The easterly section of which linear earthwork

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in North Wiltshire was excavated by Pitt Rivers from 1889?

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It was probably built as a defence against the Saxons.

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-Brookley Down.

-Wansdyke.

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BEEP Pitt Rivers served

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as an officer in the second division

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in the opening battle of the Crimean War.

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What's the battle called?

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-Alma.

-The Battle of Alma is correct.

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No passes, Jonathan, you have nine points.

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APPLAUSE

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And our final contender, please.

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And your name is?

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Your occupation?

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And your chosen subject?

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In 90 seconds, starting now.

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The first novel in the series, Heresy,

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opens in 1576 when the Dominican friar Giordano Bruno

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is forced to flee from his monastery after

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he's caught reading a forbidden book.

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In which Italian city is the monastery?

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-Naples.

-What's the name of the unscrupulous, earless book dealer

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who features in Heresy and again in Treachery?

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Roland Jenks.

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Bruno is arrested for the murder of William Fitch in Sacrilege.

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What was Fitch's occupation?

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Apothecary.

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Which of Jesus' disciples supposedly wrote the gospel

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that forms an intrinsic part of the plot in Treachery?

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Judas.

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What Latin phrase is disclosed to Bruno as the password

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he must use to gain access to an illegal Catholic Mass in Heresy?

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Ora pro nobis.

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Which mythological character is played in the Mass

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performed in front of King Henri III of France

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and his mother Catherine in Conspiracy?

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It's also the first victim's dying word to

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Bruno at the start of the story.

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Circe.

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What is the name of Sir Francis Drake's flagship where

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much of the action takes place in Treachery

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while the ship is at anchor in Plymouth harbour?

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Elizabeth Bonaventure.

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What city and its cathedral are the main setting

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for the third novel, Sacrilege?

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Canterbury.

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Who is sent to the tower in Prophecy for the murder of the Queen's maid

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of honour because she was wearing his monogrammed shirt when she died?

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He's released when a second body is found.

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Sir Edward Bellamy.

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What astrological sign is Bruno's personal symbol?

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He uses it to mark his urgent and cryptic correspondence from

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Paris to the Queen's spy master,

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Sir Francis Walsingham, in Conspiracy.

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It's a sign of Jupiter.

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What pseudonym does Bruno adopt

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when he travels to Canterbury to investigate a murder in Sacrilege?

0:12:180:12:22

-Filippo Savalino.

-BEEP

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That's it, time is up. All of them right, 11 points.

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APPLAUSE

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High-scoring round, there. Let's have a look at all of the scores.

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In joint fourth place, seven points apiece, Jonathan Wright and Claire.

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Joint second place, nine points apiece,

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Christine and Jonathan Frere.

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First place, 11 points, Brian.

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APPLAUSE

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So, it is the general knowledge round now

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and if there's a tie at the end of it then the number of passes is

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taken into account and the person with the fewer passes is the winner.

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So, let us get on with it and ask Jonathan Wright

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to join us again, please.

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And you start this round with seven points, Jonathan.

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Two minutes of general knowledge, so plenty of time to catch up.

0:13:230:13:26

Here we go.

0:13:260:13:28

Which King had a sword called Excalibur?

0:13:280:13:31

Arthur.

0:13:310:13:32

Nisan, that usually coincides with parts of March and April,

0:13:320:13:35

is the first month of which religion's calendar?

0:13:350:13:38

-Buddhism.

-No, Judaism.

0:13:410:13:42

What alternative name for Velazquez's painting

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The Toilet Of Venus comes from the mansion in County Durham

0:13:450:13:47

where its one-time owner lived?

0:13:470:13:49

-West Auckland.

-The Rokeby Venus.

0:13:510:13:53

Which American government organisation's headquarters

0:13:530:13:55

are in Langley, Virginia?

0:13:550:13:57

CIA.

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Which Oscar-winning actress appeared in a number of episodes

0:13:580:14:01

of Star Trek - The Next Generation as Guinan,

0:14:010:14:03

the hostess of the ship's Ten Forward bar lounge?

0:14:030:14:06

Pass.

0:14:060:14:07

What is the name of the BBC's security correspondent

0:14:070:14:10

whose first novel, Crisis,

0:14:100:14:11

set against the Colombian drug wars, was published in 2016?

0:14:110:14:14

Frank...

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Pass.

0:14:200:14:21

What collective term that comes from the Latin for worm is applied to

0:14:210:14:24

small and generally troublesome or objectionable animals such as rats?

0:14:240:14:28

Vermin.

0:14:280:14:29

Which Scottish castle that lies between Dundee and Forfar

0:14:290:14:32

has belonged to the late Queen Mother's family since 1372?

0:14:320:14:35

-Dunnottar.

-Glamis.

0:14:370:14:38

In what type of Roman building were there rooms called

0:14:380:14:40

a caldarium, a tepidarium and a frigidarium?

0:14:400:14:43

Baths.

0:14:430:14:44

What name for the injection sometimes given to women to

0:14:440:14:47

ease pain during childbirth comes from the region of the spine

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where the anaesthetic is administered?

0:14:490:14:51

Epidural.

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The dish paella is particularly associated with

0:14:540:14:56

the province of eastern Spain where it's said to have originated.

0:14:560:14:59

Which province?

0:14:590:15:00

-Catalonia.

-Valencia.

0:15:000:15:02

The Rajya Sabha and the Lok Sabha are respectively the upper

0:15:020:15:05

and lower houses of a Commonwealth country's bicameral parliament.

0:15:050:15:08

Which country?

0:15:080:15:09

India.

0:15:090:15:10

What was the Olympic Stadium renamed

0:15:100:15:12

when it was remodelled as the home of West Ham United?

0:15:120:15:14

The London Stadium.

0:15:140:15:15

Who is reported to have said at the Battle of Copenhagen in 1801,

0:15:150:15:19

"I have only one eye, I have a right to be blind sometimes.

0:15:190:15:21

"I really did not see the signal"?

0:15:210:15:24

Pass.

0:15:260:15:27

Which Mediterranean island... BEEP

0:15:270:15:29

..had its official status changed in 1991

0:15:290:15:31

from that of French region to territorial collectivity?

0:15:310:15:36

-Corsica.

-Is correct.

0:15:360:15:38

Three passes, Jonathan.

0:15:380:15:39

It was Lord Nelson who had to turn the blind eye.

0:15:390:15:42

Frank Gardner is our security correspondent

0:15:420:15:44

and Whoopi Goldberg was the hostess of the ship's bar lounge.

0:15:440:15:48

-Jonathan, you now have a total of 15 points.

-Thank you.

0:15:480:15:51

APPLAUSE

0:15:510:15:53

And now Claire again, please.

0:15:590:16:02

And you also start out with seven points, Claire.

0:16:020:16:06

15 is the score to beat as it stands. So, here we go.

0:16:060:16:10

The male of which animal is generally called a colt

0:16:100:16:12

when it's under four years?

0:16:120:16:14

Horse.

0:16:140:16:15

What does Mercutio wish on both houses, Montague and Capulet,

0:16:150:16:18

in Shakespeare's Romeo And Juliet?

0:16:180:16:20

A plague.

0:16:200:16:21

The white-faced clown dressed in a baggy white costume,

0:16:210:16:23

a stock character in French pantomime, has a name that comes

0:16:230:16:26

from the diminutive of the French for Peter. What name?

0:16:260:16:28

Pierrot.

0:16:280:16:29

Who first came to prominence in 1982

0:16:290:16:31

when she flew around the country in a helicopter

0:16:310:16:33

looking for clues in the television game show Treasure Hunt?

0:16:330:16:36

Anneka Rice.

0:16:360:16:37

Which religion celebrates Maghi and Vaisakhi?

0:16:370:16:40

They also share the celebration of Diwali with Hindus and Jains.

0:16:400:16:44

Sikhism.

0:16:440:16:45

What is the alternative common name

0:16:450:16:47

for the cylindrical-bodied worms known as nematodes

0:16:470:16:49

that occur as parasites in animals and plants,

0:16:490:16:52

or as free-living forms in soil and water?

0:16:520:16:55

-Flatworms.

-Roundworms.

0:16:550:16:56

Adolf Hitler met his future wife in 1929 when she was working

0:16:560:16:59

as an assistant at the offices of his official photographer.

0:16:590:17:02

What was her name?

0:17:020:17:03

Eva Braun.

0:17:030:17:04

In which sport did Kelly Smith become Britain's first

0:17:040:17:06

full-time woman professional when she joined the American side

0:17:060:17:09

New Jersey in 1999? She retired in January 2017.

0:17:090:17:13

-Basketball.

-Football.

0:17:130:17:14

In mathematics, what name is given to a number

0:17:140:17:16

multiplied by itself to give another number?

0:17:160:17:18

-A prime number.

-Square root.

0:17:180:17:20

Which county is known as the Garden of England

0:17:200:17:22

because of its abundant orchards and fruit-growing areas?

0:17:220:17:24

Kent.

0:17:240:17:25

What name is given to the highest female singing voice?

0:17:250:17:29

Soprano.

0:17:290:17:30

In 2016, the performance artist Deborah De Robertis

0:17:300:17:33

was arrested at the Musee d'Orsay for reclining naked

0:17:330:17:36

in front of a famous nude painting by Manet.

0:17:360:17:38

Which painting?

0:17:380:17:39

Pass.

0:17:390:17:40

According to Dr Johnson, what salad vegetable did English physicians

0:17:400:17:43

believe should be well sliced and dressed with pepper

0:17:430:17:46

and vinegar and then thrown out as good for nothing?

0:17:460:17:48

-Carrot.

-Cucumber.

0:17:480:17:50

What word for causing pain or discomfort is used

0:17:500:17:52

in the antiques industry for the deliberate superficial

0:17:520:17:55

damage of furniture to make it appear older than it really is?

0:17:550:17:58

Distressing.

0:17:580:17:59

Which small principality lies between Switzerland and Austria?

0:17:590:18:02

-Vaduz.

-Lichtenstein.

0:18:020:18:04

What is the name of the former tennis champion

0:18:040:18:06

and gay rights activist who has written a series of novels

0:18:060:18:08

with Liz Nickles whose central character, Jordan Myles...

0:18:080:18:11

BEEP ..is a former tennis champion

0:18:110:18:13

turned amateur detective?

0:18:130:18:14

-Billie Jean King.

-It was Martina Navratilova, yeah.

0:18:140:18:17

One pass - the performance artist was naked in front of the painting

0:18:170:18:22

by Manet called Olympia.

0:18:220:18:24

You have now, Claire, a total of 16 points.

0:18:240:18:28

APPLAUSE

0:18:280:18:30

And now Christine again, please.

0:18:360:18:38

And you start out with nine points.

0:18:390:18:43

16 is the score to beat.

0:18:430:18:45

Let's see how you do, here we go.

0:18:450:18:47

What name is given to the centre of the target

0:18:470:18:49

in archery or the centre of a dartboard?

0:18:490:18:51

-The target.

-The bull's-eye.

0:18:530:18:54

Which city is the administrative centre of

0:18:540:18:56

the Nord department in France?

0:18:560:18:58

It's a stopping point for Eurostar trains to Brussels.

0:18:580:19:02

Lille.

0:19:020:19:03

Yeah. What name is given to a period in which a person is appointed

0:19:030:19:05

to take the place of the monarch who is either a minor,

0:19:050:19:08

incapacitated or absent?

0:19:080:19:09

Regency.

0:19:090:19:10

The emblems of which saint,

0:19:100:19:12

who was made Bishop of Winchester in about 852,

0:19:120:19:14

are raindrops and apples?

0:19:140:19:15

-Aethelred.

-No, Saint Swithun.

0:19:170:19:19

Whose experiences as a governess are reflected in her first novel,

0:19:190:19:22

Agnes Grey, first published in 1847?

0:19:220:19:25

Pass.

0:19:260:19:28

In 1874, what became the last

0:19:280:19:30

non-royal English dukedom to be created?

0:19:300:19:33

-Gloucester.

-Westminster.

0:19:330:19:34

Which comedy trio were chased around a maze by a giant-sized

0:19:340:19:37

version of the dog Dougal from The Magic Roundabout

0:19:370:19:39

in an episode of their television series?

0:19:390:19:41

Pass.

0:19:420:19:44

Which Swiss tennis player, after winning Wimbledon in 2003,

0:19:440:19:47

was presented with a cow called Juliette on his return home?

0:19:470:19:50

-Nadal.

-Federer.

0:19:510:19:52

Which European capital city is associated with the waltz,

0:19:520:19:55

which first developed there in the 18th century?

0:19:550:19:57

Vienna.

0:19:570:19:58

The first public commission of a sculptor,

0:19:580:20:00

the son of a Yorkshire miner, was for a relief carving at

0:20:000:20:03

London Underground's new headquarters in 1928.

0:20:030:20:06

Which sculptor?

0:20:060:20:07

Henry Moore.

0:20:090:20:11

Doyenne du Comice, first grown in France in 1849,

0:20:110:20:13

is often considered to be the sweetest

0:20:130:20:16

and juiciest variety of what fruit?

0:20:160:20:18

Pear.

0:20:180:20:19

What bird, that lives all year in Britain,

0:20:190:20:20

gets its name from its unusually-shaped beak that it uses

0:20:200:20:23

to extract seeds from conifer cones?

0:20:230:20:25

Pass.

0:20:260:20:28

Which Hebrew word meaning "gathering" is given to

0:20:280:20:30

a collective farm or settlement in Israel?

0:20:300:20:32

Kibbutz.

0:20:320:20:33

The works of which British-born fantasy writer include

0:20:330:20:35

the Sandman series of graphic novels?

0:20:350:20:38

Neil Gaiman.

0:20:380:20:39

Queen Victoria's eldest daughter, Princess Victoria,

0:20:390:20:41

was the mother of which European ruler?

0:20:410:20:44

Pass.

0:20:440:20:45

Anne Reid and Derek Jacobi appear as Celia and Alan,

0:20:450:20:48

two childhood sweethearts reunited through Facebook...

0:20:480:20:51

BEEP ..in which television drama series

0:20:510:20:53

first shown in 2012?

0:20:530:20:54

Last Tango In Halifax.

0:20:540:20:55

Is correct. You had four passes.

0:20:550:20:58

Princess Victoria was the mother of Kaiser Wilhelm II.

0:20:580:21:02

Crossbill is that bird that lives all year round in Britain.

0:21:020:21:06

The Goodies had that Magic Roundabout chase.

0:21:060:21:10

And Anne Bronte was the governess whose experiences were

0:21:100:21:12

reflected in the novel Agnes Grey.

0:21:120:21:14

You have, Christine, 17 points.

0:21:140:21:17

APPLAUSE

0:21:170:21:20

And now Jonathan Frere again, please.

0:21:260:21:30

And you also start out, Jonathan, with nine points.

0:21:300:21:33

17 is the score to beat.

0:21:330:21:36

So, let's see if you can do it. Here we go.

0:21:360:21:40

Who created the fantasyland of Middle-earth,

0:21:400:21:42

where many of his novels are set?

0:21:420:21:43

JRR Tolkien.

0:21:430:21:44

What Japanese word that means "empty orchestra"

0:21:440:21:47

is used for an entertainment where amateur performers sing

0:21:470:21:50

well-known songs over a pre-recorded backing tape?

0:21:500:21:53

Karaoke.

0:21:530:21:54

Whom did the coach Warren Gatland name as captain of the British

0:21:540:21:57

and Irish Lions for their summer tour of New Zealand in April 2017?

0:21:570:22:01

-Neil Gaitlin.

-Sam Warburton.

0:22:010:22:03

Which Swiss city was known as the Protestant Rome in

0:22:030:22:05

the 16th century, when it was the centre of the Calvinist Reformation?

0:22:050:22:09

Geneva.

0:22:090:22:10

What word for a small, fluffy ball of wool or other

0:22:100:22:12

material is applied to some varieties of dahlia

0:22:120:22:15

and chrysanthemum where the petals are tightly clustered together?

0:22:150:22:18

-Puffball.

-Pom-pom.

0:22:180:22:20

Gunga Din is described in Kipling's poem as a regimental beastie.

0:22:200:22:24

What was the traditional occupation of the beastie?

0:22:240:22:26

A water carrier.

0:22:260:22:27

Who won the 1995 Whitbread Book of the Year with her

0:22:270:22:30

debut novel, Behind The Scenes At The Museum?

0:22:300:22:33

-Anita Brookner.

-Kate Atkinson.

0:22:340:22:36

What device was first used to regulate clocks

0:22:360:22:38

by the 17th-century Dutch physicist Christiaan Huygens?

0:22:380:22:41

A pendulum.

0:22:410:22:43

What is the name of the official London residence of Prince Charles

0:22:430:22:46

and the Duchess of Cornwall?

0:22:460:22:47

-Kensington Palace.

-Clarence House.

0:22:470:22:49

Which Swiss-born architect wrote in his 1923 book

0:22:490:22:52

Towards A New Architecture,

0:22:520:22:54

"A curved street is a donkey track, a straight street a road for men?"

0:22:540:22:58

Le Corbusier.

0:22:580:22:59

What starch, originally obtained from the rootstock

0:22:590:23:02

of a tropical plant, is often used as a thickening agent or in glazes?

0:23:020:23:06

In the past, it was used to make easily digestible biscuits

0:23:060:23:09

for the sick and infirm.

0:23:090:23:10

-Tapioca.

-Arrowroot.

0:23:100:23:11

Which city on the Tigris River is the capital of Iraq?

0:23:110:23:15

Baghdad.

0:23:150:23:16

In 2006, who stepped down as only the third presenter of

0:23:160:23:19

Desert Island Discs since it started in 1942?

0:23:190:23:22

She was replaced by Kirsty Young.

0:23:220:23:24

Sue Lawley.

0:23:240:23:25

What occupation is usually associated with

0:23:250:23:28

the Greek warrior Stentor, who had the voice of 50 other men?

0:23:280:23:31

-He proclaimed... He was a messenger.

-Yes, or herald.

0:23:330:23:36

Which Berkshire village is the home of the Atomic Weapons Establishment?

0:23:360:23:40

Its name became synonymous with the CND marches of the '50s and '60s.

0:23:400:23:44

-Aldermaston.

-Is correct. BEEP

0:23:440:23:46

No passes, Jonathan.

0:23:460:23:47

You have taken the lead, 19 points.

0:23:470:23:50

APPLAUSE

0:23:500:23:52

And finally, Brian again, please.

0:23:590:24:01

And you start out with 11 points, Brian,

0:24:030:24:06

but the score to beat now, as you've just heard, is 19.

0:24:060:24:09

So, here we go.

0:24:090:24:11

What was the surname of the American outlaw brothers Jesse and Frank?

0:24:110:24:14

James.

0:24:140:24:15

In golf, who won his first major in over 70 starts when he won

0:24:150:24:18

the 2017 US Masters after he beat Justin Rose on the first extra hole?

0:24:180:24:23

-Stenson.

-Garcia.

0:24:240:24:25

What bodily feature do amphibians of the order Anura,

0:24:250:24:29

comprising frogs and toads, lack?

0:24:290:24:31

The Greek origin of the order's name explains what's missing.

0:24:310:24:33

-Nerves.

-Tails.

0:24:330:24:35

In which present-day country did the Aztec civilisation

0:24:350:24:37

flourish before the arrival of the Spanish conquistadores?

0:24:370:24:40

Mexico.

0:24:400:24:41

The source of the River Churn at Seven Springs near Cheltenham

0:24:410:24:43

is also believed by some to be the true source of which major river?

0:24:430:24:46

The Thames.

0:24:460:24:47

Which battle of the First World War fought in France between November

0:24:470:24:50

and December 1917 has been described as the first great tank battle?

0:24:500:24:54

Cambrai.

0:24:540:24:55

Dawes Point and Milsons Point are at either end of a famous

0:24:550:24:58

Australian bridge completed in 1932

0:24:580:25:00

that spans the natural harbour of Port Jackson. What bridge?

0:25:000:25:03

Sydney Harbour Bridge.

0:25:030:25:04

The name of which famous art museum in Madrid means meadow

0:25:040:25:07

or grassy field in Spanish?

0:25:070:25:09

Prado.

0:25:090:25:10

Whose unhappy days as a schoolmaster provided him with the

0:25:100:25:13

material for his successful first novel Decline And Fall in 1928?

0:25:130:25:16

Evelyn Waugh.

0:25:160:25:18

What is the name of Eddie Grundy's long-suffering wife

0:25:180:25:20

in the radio soap opera The Archers?

0:25:200:25:21

Clarrie.

0:25:210:25:23

What name is given to the stage of development of an unborn animal

0:25:230:25:25

immediately before it is called a foetus?

0:25:250:25:28

Pass.

0:25:290:25:31

Which philosopher who shaped western philosophy,

0:25:310:25:33

although he left no writings of his own,

0:25:330:25:35

is lampooned by Aristophanes in his play The Clouds?

0:25:350:25:38

Socrates.

0:25:380:25:39

The British mountaineer Edward Whymper was the leader

0:25:390:25:41

of the party that made the first ascent of an alpine peak in 1865.

0:25:410:25:44

Which peak?

0:25:440:25:46

Matterhorn.

0:25:460:25:47

What punctuation mark is used in writing to separate different

0:25:470:25:49

parts of a sentence or to indicate a pause?

0:25:490:25:52

It is called a point-virgule in French.

0:25:520:25:54

Semicolon.

0:25:540:25:55

What name is given to the Chinese green tea in which each leaf

0:25:550:25:58

has been rolled into a small pellet that resembles an explosive?

0:25:580:26:02

-Lapsang souchong.

-Gunpowder tea.

0:26:020:26:04

De heretico comburendo was a statute passed by Parliament

0:26:040:26:07

under King Henry IV of England in 1401

0:26:070:26:09

that advocated an extreme method of punishing heretics.

0:26:090:26:12

BEEP What was it?

0:26:120:26:14

-Burning.

-Burning at the stake, indeed it was.

0:26:140:26:16

Can't get more extreme than that. One pass - you'll be cross.

0:26:160:26:21

-The stage of the foetus before it's a foetus is the embryo.

-Yes.

0:26:210:26:24

There we go. Didn't matter because, Brian, you have 23 points.

0:26:240:26:29

APPLAUSE

0:26:290:26:31

Well, a very clear winner there. Let's have a look at all the scores.

0:26:410:26:44

In fifth place, 15 points, Jonathan Wright.

0:26:440:26:48

Fourth place, 16 points, Claire.

0:26:480:26:50

Third place, 17 points, Christine.

0:26:500:26:53

Second place, 19 points, Jonathan Frere.

0:26:530:26:56

First place, 23 points, Brian.

0:26:560:26:58

APPLAUSE

0:26:580:27:00

Which means, of course, that Brian goes through to the grand final.

0:27:110:27:15

Congratulations to him.

0:27:150:27:16

And if you would like to be a contender in the next series,

0:27:160:27:19

do go to our website...

0:27:190:27:20

..and you can follow us on Twitter...

0:27:220:27:24

And do join us again next time for more Mastermind.

0:27:260:27:28

Thanks for watching. Goodbye.

0:27:280:27:30

John Humphrys presents another semi-final of the classic quiz. The subjects are Manchester music, the Battle of Clontarf, ER, Augustus Pitt-Rivers, and the Giordano Bruno novels of SJ Parris.