John Humphrys presents another heat of the classic quiz. Tonight's subjects are Leonardo da Vinci, the Dreyfus Affair, JS Bach and The Inbetweeners.
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Our first contender tonight is Claire Slater.
She's a pharmacist from West Sussex, and her specialist subject -
Leonardo Da Vinci.
Jim Mason, a lecturer from Edinburgh,
on the French political scandal the Dreyfus Affair.
Craig Thomson is a primary teacher from Fife.
He's answering questions on Johann Sebastian Bach.
And Jon Stitcher is a professional poker player from the Wirral.
His subject - the sitcom The Inbetweeners.
Hello and welcome to Mastermind, with me, John Humphrys,
and four contenders.
And if they're looking a little weary
it's because they'll have been burning the midnight oil,
boning up on the subjects they have chosen to be tested on.
They can't, of course, revise for the general knowledge round
because they have no idea what that will cover.
They get four and a half minutes of questions altogether,
so let us get on with it and ask our first contender to join us, please.
And your name is...?
And your chosen subject...
Da Vinci in two minutes, starting now.
Leonardo was born near the Tuscan town of Vinci.
In his early teens he was sent to Florence to
work as an apprentice to which painter and sculptor?
What is the usual English title of Leonardo's altarpiece
painting that survives in two versions?
One version is in London's National Gallery.
The Virgin Of The Rocks.
What was the name of the Duke of Milan,
who commissioned Leonardo to paint The Last Supper
at Santa Maria delle Grazie?
Ludovico Sforza's reputed mistress, Cecilia Gallerani,
is generally thought to be the subject of which of Leonardo's paintings?
Lady With The Ermine.
What was the name of Leonardo's loyal pupil and friend
to whom he bequeathed his books, manuscripts, and other works?
Who was the Roman architect and writer
who laid out the ideal proportions of the human body,
which Leonardo's drawing is modelled on?
Leonardo designed a mechanical walking animal
for the Medicis to welcome King Francis I in 1515.
-Leonardo's painting of Francesco del Giocondo's wife
is thought to have first been referred to as Mona Lisa
by a 16th-century art historian. Who?
In which city did Leonardo meet Isabella d'Este at court?
It is thought that his incomplete drawing of her was done there.
What Italian term that can translate as "room of wooden boards"
is given to the room decorated by Leonardo
in the Sforza Castle in Milan?
Salla del Este.
No, Salla delle Asse.
Leonardo's notebook dated 1505-1506,
sometimes known as The Turin Codex,
is predominately about what subject?
-Yeah, flighted birds.
For which Augustinian monastery at Scopeto was Leonardo
commissioned to paint The Adoration Of The Magi in early 1481?
What English title is given to Leonardo's only known single
portrait of a secular man?
It's possibly that of Franchino Gaffurio.
Portrait Of A Musician.
What was the name of the villa in the Vatican Palace complex
where Leonardo had a suite of rooms from 1513-1516?
Gian Giacomo Caprotti, who became Leonardo's assistant
pupil and companion, joined his household aged 10.
By what nickname, meaning "little devil", was he known?
Yes, indeed. You had just one pass, Claire.
The name of that villa in the Vatican Palace complex was
Villa Belvedere, or Bel-ve-deh-ray,
however they would have pronounced it.
Just that one pass, Claire. You've scored 12 points.
And our next contender, please.
And your name is?
And your chosen subject?
In two minutes, starting now.
Dreyfus was a Jewish officer in the French Army who was
convicted of treason in 1894.
What French word that means list or memorandum
was used for the key piece of evidence in Dreyfus' trial?
Yes. What was the name of the military attache at the German
embassy in Paris in whose bin the bordereau was found?
Yep. Which French officer confronted Dreyfus
with the evidence against him in 1894?
He left a revolver within Dreyfus' reach so he could kill himself.
Du Paty de Clam.
Yeah. On which island of the Salvation Islands group
was Dreyfus exiled in 1895 after his conviction?
Yes. Which cleaning lady, who was in reality a French spy, found the
bordereau at the German embassy in Paris as part of her daily cleaning routine?
Yep. Who took over as the head of the army's intelligence
section in July 1895?
He was eventually posted abroad
because of his unauthorised investigation into the Dreyfus Affair.
Yes. What name is given to the additional piece of paper
retrieved from the German attache's waste bin that convinced
Picquart that Dreyfus was NOT the traitor who was passing information to the Germans?
Le Petit Bleu.
Yes. Which anti-Semitic newspaper was founded in 1892 by Edouard Drumont
and was a strong opponent of Dreyfus?
La Libre Parole.
Yes. In which city did Dreyfus' second court martial take place in 1899?
In what newspaper did Emile Zola publish his letter to the President
of the French republic in support of Dreyfus, entitled "J'accuse"?
Yes. Dreyfus was finally declared innocent of all charges in July 1906.
What suburb of Paris was he posted to as the commander
of an artillery depot when he was first reinstated into the French Army?
Vincennes. Two fabricated telegrams were delivered to
Picquart in North Africa in 1897
that were intended to prove that he was in league with Dreyfus' supporters.
One was signed "blanche". Who was the signatory of the second?
Which intelligence officer was a serial forger of documents
that implicated Dreyfus and Picquart? When his crimes came to light,
he killed himself.
-Yes, that is correct.
No passes, Jim.
You have 11 points.
And our next contender, please.
And your name is?
And your chosen subject?
In two minutes, starting now.
In which German principality did Bach become Kapellmeister
under Prince Leopold, a great connoisseur and lover of music?
Yes. What solo wind instrument does Bach add to the strings
and continuo in the suite number two in B Minor?
What was the name of the coffee house in Leipzig where Bach
directed chamber concerts on Fridays in winter with his Collegium Musicum?
Yep. Which of the concertos dedicated to the Margrave of Brandenburg
contains a lengthy cadenza for harpsichord in its opening movement?
Number five. What was the name of the student in Arnstadt who'd picked a fight
with a young Bach who'd been rude about his bassoon playing?
In German musical notation,
what pitch does H stand for in the musical motif B A C H,
used most famously by the composer in the art of fugue?
Yes. Which of Bach's collections of compositions for organ is
framed by a large-scale prelude and a fugue in E flat,
sometimes known as the St Anne?
No, the Clavier-Ubung.
What was the literary pseudonym of Christian Friedrich Henrici,
who wrote texts for many of Bach's religious vocal works,
including the St Matthew Passion?
Bach travelled several times from Luneburg to Hamburg
to hear which celebrated organist?
Johann Adam Reincken.
Yes. At which church in Leipzig did the St John Passion
receive its first performance in 1724?
Yes. Which of Bach's sons wrote an extensive
obituary of his father, the world-famous organist,
in collaboration with Johann Freidrich Agricola?
Yes. What did Bach regard as the most perfect foundation of music
in his precepts and principles of 1738?
Well-ordered church music.
No. Thorough bass.
Which cantata's first chorus was adapted for use in the
Crucifixus of the Mass In B Minor?
The Hunt Cantata.
Cantata number 12.
What type of composition did Bach use for the 30th
and last of the Goldberg Variations, that incorporates
the melodies of two popular folk songs into the overall framework?
Well, I can tell you cos we're out of time - Quodlibet
or "quodlibay", however you pronounce it.
Nine points, Craig.
And our final contender, please.
And your name is?
And your chosen subject.
The Inbetweeners, here we go.
Who created and wrote the comedy series The Inbetweeners with Damon Beesley?
They were also both executive producers of the series.
Yes. What is the name of the psychotic head of sixth
form at Rudge Park Comprehensive School, played by Greg Davies?
In the final episode of series three,
Mr Gilbert tells Will that the only reason anyone teaches
these days is because the authorities have become much more relaxed about what?
Who wakes up covered in insects after he inadvertently spends
the night face-down in an ant nest after a drunken evening in Malia?
Yep. When Simon invites Carly to the Christmas prom, she asks him for a lift.
At what time does he offer to collect her so she can help him to set the party up?
Which board game do the boys play on Simon's send-off camping trip?
At the charity fashion show, Will asks where they'd all be
if Nelson Mandela hadn't stood up for his beliefs.
Neil's response is that there wouldn't be...?
When the boys plan their trip around Australia, Jay rejects the major
landmarks suggested by Will in favour of a visit to which water park?
Yes. How much money does Will leave as a deposit
for the motorboat that he hires to try to impress
Lauren during the school geography field trip to Swanage?
Yes. Will decides that he needs to make himself appear
fun in front of the Warwick University boys.
What does he start eating as a dare to attract attention?
A bonsai tree.
Yes. Which teacher supervises the school Christmas prom with Mr Gilbert?
Neil tries to kiss her after downing a pint of beer.
Yep. In the squalid hotel in Malia, Jay and Neil
are confused over the purpose of the bidet.
What does Neil initially think it is until Jay claims it's a child's toilet?
Yes. What is the name on the fake Australian driving licence that Jay uses to try and buy
alcohol when the boys mistakenly go to the Black Bull
for the traditional first day of school drinks?
Yeah. In the episode Bunk Off,
when Will goes to the off-licence wearing Simon's dad's suit,
he buys gin, Drambuie and extra strong mints under
the pretence that he is hosting a party to celebrate what?
A house-warming party.
Yeah. Who plays Will's very attractive mother, Polly McKenzie?
She makes a big impression on the other boys at the school
when she picks Will up on his first day in an open-top sports car.
15 questions, John - 15 correct answers.
So a high-scoring first round.
Let's have a look at all of those scores.
In fourth place, nine points, Craig.
Third place, 11 points, Jim.
Second place, 12 points, Claire.
First place, 15 points, John.
So it is the general knowledge round now,
and if there's a tie at the end of it, then the number of passes
is taken into account
and the person with the fewer passes is the winner.
And if they're tied on passes as well there will be a tie-break.
So, let us ask Craig to join us again, please.
And, er, you start out with nine points, Craig.
It's two and a half minutes, of course, for general knowledge,
so loads of time to catch up and overtake. Here we go.
The holiday resorts of Limassol, Larnaca
and Paphos are on the Greek half of which Mediterranean island?
Yes. Which Irish boyband had a record 11 number one singles in the 2000s,
beginning with I Have A Dream/Seasons In The Sun in January
2000 and ending with The Rose in 2006?
Westlife. Which member of the royal family won her first equestrian gold medals
at the European Eventing Championships at Blenheim in September 2005?
What written work opens on the 1st January 1660 and closes on
the 31st of May '69, when its author thought he was losing his sight?
In Mozart's opera The Magic Flute, Pamina is the daughter of which character?
Er, the birdcatcher.
The Queen of the Night. America and the Soviet Union signed the ABM treaty in 1972.
What do the initials ABM stand for?
Yes. Which insects belong to the order Coleoptera?
Beetles. The discovery of secondary fermentation to produce
sparkling champagne is traditionally accredited to which monk?
In the county of Los Angeles, what are Hermosa, Redondo, Venice and Malibu?
Beaches. Which future leader of the Labour Party wrote the poem
Ode To Everton FC, that was published in the Liverpool Daily Post
in 1935, when he was working in the city as a shipping clerk?
Michael Foot. The Pope delivers his Easter message to
the crowds gathered in which square in Rome?
Yes. A west Cumbrian town at the confluence of the river that
gives it its name and the River Derwent was severely
flooded in November 2009. Which town?
In 1805, the Royal Navy Admiral Sir Francis Beaufort devised
the scale named after him for measuring the strength of what natural phenomenon?
Which American newspaper's masthead logo is "All the news that's fit to print"?
New York Times.
Yes. Larry Sanders, the Oxford-based brother of the American senator
Bernie Sanders, stood in the Witney by-election in October 2016.
Which party did he represent?
Yes. Milonguero and canyengue are styles
or forms of which ballroom dance of Argentine origin?
Yeah. In the television series London's Burning,
what was the nickname of the fireman, Burt Quigley? He had chronic hypochondria.
Ah, nearly, nearly!
Very close, very close. Three passes.
Cockermouth was the west Cumbrian town that got flooded.
It was Samuel Pepys' diary, open on the 1st January 1660.
And Zara Phillips is the horse riding member of the royal family.
Well, I suppose they all are,
but she won gold medals and things like that for it.
Craig, you have a total of 16 points.
And now Jim again, please.
And, er...you kick off this round, Jim, with 11 points.
Let's see how you do with your general knowledge. Here we go.
Who was Cher's first husband?
She sang with him on the song I Got You Babe.
Yeah. Which Roman goddess is identified with the Greek
goddess of love and beauty, Aphrodite?
In which Dickens novel is the hero looked after
until he is nine at an institution run by a Mrs Mann?
Oliver Twist. Who played the title role in the 1986
television series The Singing Detective?
What word that comes from the Latin for "hidden" or "concealed"
describes the study of supernatural or magical powers?
Which Rodgers and Hammerstein musical is based on the play
Liliom by the Hungarian-born writer Ferenc Molnar?
Gordon MacRae and Shirley Jones starred in the film version.
The artist Canaletto is best known for his views of Venice,
but worked mainly in which English city from 1746 to 1755?
-Yes. What general term is used for birds such as curlews, sandpipers
and dunlins that are characterised by long legs and sharp, pointed bills
and search for food in shallow water on shorelines or on river banks?
By what name is the aria Ombra Mai Fu from Handel's opera Serse commonly known?
-Which heroine of the American West beat the marksman
Frank E Butler in a shooting contest?
She married him the following year.
-Yes. From what name that comes from the Latin for "bend" is given to
any of the air cavities in a bone
such as those on either side of the upper part of the nose?
-The Texan firefighter Paul "Red" Adair
was famous for tackling blazes in what installations?
-Yes. Stanley Myers's Cavatina is part of the theme from what
film about Vietnam veterans?
It was a hit in 1979 for the guitarist John Williams.
-Yes. Of which islands was Sir Rex Hunt the governor from 1980 to 1985,
one of the most violent periods of their history?
-Yep. Which country's principal river, the Magdalena, flows
north from the Andes for over 900 miles before entering the Caribbean?
Which politician did Clement Freud nickname Attila the Hen in 1979?
What spirit is traditionally mixed with lime juice to create a gimlet?
The area around which man-made lake in Northumberland is
noted for having the darkest night skies in England
because there's very little light pollution?
-Yes. Which album featuring archival recordings of Elvis Presley
accompanied by new Royal Philharmonic Orchestra arrangements
gave Elvis a record-breaking 13th UK number one
as a solo artist in October 2016?
-Well, it might have been, mightn't it? But good guess.
The Wonder Of You is the correct answer, and you had three passes.
Those air cavities in bones such as those on the side of your nose,
they're called sinuses.
And Handel's Largo is the opera from which Ombra Mai Fu came.
And occul-tism or occultism is the word that
comes from the Latin for "hidden", the study of supernatural powers.
Jim, you have 21 points.
And now Claire again, please.
And you start out with 12 points, Claire.
21 is the score to beat.
Here we go with your general knowledge.
In the classic television sitcom Dad's Army, who is the commander of
the Walmington-on-Sea Home Guard platoon?
Schnauzers and schipperkes are breeds of which animal?
-Yup. Emily Blunt plays the title character Rachel
in the 2016 film adaptation of which novel by Paula Hawkins?
-Girl On The Train.
-Yes. What is the better-known title of the humorous magazine that
finally ceased publication in 2002?
It had the alternative name The London Charivari.
-Yes. What material is produced by buffing the flesh side
of a tanned animal hide?
-Suede. Charles the Great was crowned Emperor of the Romans
by Pope Leo III on Christmas Day 800.
By what name is he generally known?
-Yes. Which village in Norfolk is famous for a shrine to
the Virgin Mary, originally constructed by Lady Richeldis in 1061?
Pilgrimages still take place there.
-Yes, Little Walsingham.
What colour is the three-wheeled van used by Trotters Independent Trading Company
in the television series Only Fools And Horses?
Which American state is bordered by New Mexico, Oklahoma,
Arkansas, Louisiana, the Gulf of Mexico and Mexico itself?
-Yes. Which Paralympian, who's won several gold medals
and was made a dame in the 2013 New Year's Honours List,
was a competitive swimmer before she turned to cycling?
Which composer, famous for his piano music, was born in Poland in 1810?
His father was French, his mother was Polish.
-Yes. In the hip joint, the rounded surface of a bone
moves inside a depression of another bone.
What is that type of joint called?
-Ball and socket.
Which British Prime Minister is the only Welshman to have held the office,
although he was actually born in Manchester?
-Yes. On which river do the cities of Worcester and Gloucester stand?
In his '95 bestseller The Road Ahead, which computer programmer
and business entrepreneur wrote that,
"Success is a lousy teacher. It seduces smart people into thinking they can't lose."
-Who was the lead singer with the rock band Led Zeppelin?
-Which French painter, who died in Paris in 1891, is often
credited with introducing the technique of pointillism
in the painting Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte?
What aromatic herb with narrow green leaves
and a distinctive aniseed flavour is widely used in the classic French cooking,
notably in Bearnaise sauce?
Which language was intended to replace English in official communications
according to the 1973 Constitution of Pakistan?
-You passed. Well, I can tell you, it's Urdu.
And you had two other passes.
The lead singer with Led Zeppelin was Robert Plant.
That business entrepreneur, computer entrepreneur,
-quite well-known, really, is Bill Gates.
-Always worth a guess!
But, Claire, you have 25 points.
And finally Jon again, please.
Jon, you start out with your 15 points. 25 is the score to beat.
Here we go.
What is the name of the Oscar-winning New Zealand film-maker
who directed the Lord Of The Rings trilogy?
-Yes. A version of which book produced by Johannes Gutenberg in 1455
is thought to be the oldest complete book printed in movable type in Western Europe?
-Yep. Who duetted with Luther Vandross on the '94 cover version
of Endless Love, a number three in the UK Singles Chart?
Crystals of which form of the mineral silica are widely used
for frequency control in radios, televisions and watches?
-Yes. The French territorial collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon
lies in the North Atlantic off the coast of which country?
-Canada. Who succeeded Lois Maxwell as Miss Moneypenny?
She appeared in The Living Daylights and Licence To Kill
before being replaced herself.
The Black Spot, The Old Sea Dog At The Admiral Benbow
and Silver's Embassy are the titles of chapters in which 1883 novel?
Yes. Which television presenter specialises in making documentaries
that delve into unusual lifestyles and eccentric personalities?
He's the son of a noted novelist and travel writer.
Which Football League club are known as the Spireites
after the crooked spire on one of the town's churches?
-Yes. What Chinese phrase meaning "work together"
has passed into everyday use to describe a generally overenthusiastic
or zealous attitude?
Which letter of the alphabet, usually followed by three numbers,
is used in Britain and other places for permitted food additives and preservatives?
-Yes. In 1907, who became the first Briton to win
the Nobel Prize in Literature?
-Yes. Which title character of a children's television series
and accompanying books was created by John Cunliffe?
He lived in Kendal and based his stories on the surrounding countryside.
In which national park are the hills Whernside, Ingleborough
and Pen-y-ghent, known collectively as the Three Peaks?
What is the name of the Swiss dish that consists of cheese heated and
scraped, as it melts, onto potatoes, gherkins and pickled onions?
Which former European Commissioner and Governor of Hong Kong
once remarked, "Having committed political suicide,
"the Conservative Party is now living to regret it"?
-Yes. The holder of which religious office is screaming in the series
of paintings by Francis Bacon, based on a portrait by Velazquez?
Downy and powdery are the two main types of a fungal disease
that affects plants as well as cloth and leather. Which disease?
-No passes, Jon. You have scored 24.
Well, a really close contest at the end.
Let's have a look at the scores.
Fourth place, 16 points, Craig.
Third place, 21 points, Jim.
Second place, 24 points, Jon.
First place, 25 points, Claire.
Which means that Claire is tonight's winner
and she goes through to the semifinals.
Congratulations to her.
And if you would like to be a contender in the next series,
do go to our website...
And you can follow us on Twitter...
And do join us again next time for more Mastermind.
Thanks for watching. Goodbye.