Episode 32 University Challenge


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Episode 32

The pressure is increasing as the quarter-finals continue. Which team will make it to the next stage of the quiz for students? Jeremy Paxman asks the questions.


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APPLAUSE

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Asking the questions, Jeremy Paxman.

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Hello. So far, we've seen St John's College, Cambridge,

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and Merton College, Oxford take the first two places

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in the semifinals of this competition.

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Both teams playing the Cambridge derby tonight

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lost their first quarterfinal matches, which means the winners

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will earn themselves one last chance to qualify,

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while the losers will clamber into their canoe

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to paddle across the Slough Of Despond

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and we shall see them no more. LAUGHTER

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Now, the team from Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge,

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notched up two solid wins earlier

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against Leicester University, with 200 points to 105,

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and Magdalen College, Oxford, with 200 points - again - to 155.

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The wheel came off, though, during their first quarterfinal match

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against Merton College, Oxford,

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which left them trailing 270 points to 125 points.

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With a timely opportunity to recover their earlier form,

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an accumulated score of 525 and an average age of 20,

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let's meet the Fitzwilliam team for the fourth time.

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Hi, I'm Theo Tindall, I'm from Backwell near Bristol,

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and I'm studying Russian and Arabic.

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Hi, I'm Theo Howe, I'm from Forest Hill in Oxfordshire

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and I'm reading Japanese studies.

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This is their captain.

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Hello, I'm Hugh Oxlade, I'm from South Woodford in north-east London

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and I'm reading history.

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Hello, I'm Jack Maloney, I'm from Harpenden in Hertfordshire

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and I'm reading medicine.

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APPLAUSE

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Now, Emmanuel College, Cambridge lost their first quarterfinal match

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by 110 points to the 125 of the University of Edinburgh.

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But their earlier wins were against Saint Hugh's College, Oxford,

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in Round One by 170 to 155,

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and Strathclyde University by 170 to 105 in Round Two.

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With an accumulated score of 450 and an average age of 19,

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let's meet the Emmanuel team again.

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Hi, I'm Ed Derby, I'm from Manchester

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and I study physics.

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Hello, I'm Kitty Chevallier,

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I'm from Hampshire and I'm studying Arabic and Hindi.

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This is their captain.

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Hi, I'm Alex Mistlin, I'm from Islington in north London

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and I'm studying politics and international relations.

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Hi, I'm James Fraser, I'm from Bristol and I'm reading medicine.

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APPLAUSE

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OK. Straight into the first starter question.

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Fingers on the buzzers, please. Give both answers promptly.

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On August 30th 1889, which two authors

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did the US publisher Joseph Marshall Stoddart invite

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to dinner at the Langham Hotel?

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The meeting resulted in the commission of two books

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for Lippincott's magazine -

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The Sign Of Four and The Picture Of Dorian Gray.

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Arthur Conan Doyle and Oscar Wilde.

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Correct.

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APPLAUSE

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Your bonuses are on specific works that have been cited

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in support of the award of the Nobel Prize in Literature.

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In each case, give the author and the decade of the award.

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For example, The Forsyte Saga would give John Galsworthy, the 1930s.

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Firstly, Buddenbrooks, described by the Nobel committee

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as "one of the classic works of contemporary literature."

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-Thomas Mann.

-Yeah.

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It's Thomas Mann, I think might have been '40s or '50s.

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-1940s?

-Or was it earlier than that?

-I think earlier.

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-So '40s?

-1940s?

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-Not really sure. Go '40s.

-1940s?

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Thomas Mann, 1940s?

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No, it's Thomas Mann in the 1920s.

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Secondly, The History Of Rome, described as "the monumental work

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"of the greatest living master of the art of historical writing."

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Don't know.

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-It's not, like, one of the classic historians?

-So, like, Gibbon?

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No, but this is the Nobel Prize, so Taylor or...?

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-Taylor, like 1950s?

-Sure.

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Taylor, 1950s?

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No, it was Theodor Mommsen in the 1900s.

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And, finally, cited for its mastery of the art of narrative,

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The Old Man And The Sea.

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-So it's Hemingway.

-Hemingway, 19... Think it was '50s.

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Hemingway, 1950s.

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Correct.

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APPLAUSE Ten points for this.

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In physics, what seven-letter term is used of collisions

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in which the total kinetic energy is conserved?

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-Elastic.

-Elastic is correct.

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APPLAUSE

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These bonuses are on US presidents

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and England international footballers.

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LAUGHTER

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Firstly, what surname links the 28th US President,

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inaugurated in the early 20th century,

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with England's left back in the 1966 World Cup final?

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THEY CONFER QUIETLY

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Yeah, it could be, actually. Or it could be...

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Taft, possibly?

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Wilson's more plausible, isn't it?

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-Wilson?

-Wilson is correct.

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Woodrow Wilson and Ray Wilson.

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Secondly, the second given name of a post-war president,

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what is the surname of the England left back

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who played in two matches during the 2014 World Cup finals?

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So it's Shaw, isn't it?

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The second given name, so is that like a middle name or something?

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I don't... Shaw, possibly. Or... No.

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Baines?

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Baines is correct, yes. Lyndon Baines Johnson and Leighton Baines.

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And, finally, a more recent president

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has what second given name, which is also the surname

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of an England right back, who played three times

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at the European Championships in 2016?

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-Walker.

-Walker is correct.

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APPLAUSE Kyle and George Walker Bush.

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Ten points for this.

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Geoffrey Chaucer wrote his early poem The Book Of The Duchess

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in memory of the wife of which royal figure

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whose patronage Chaucer enjoyed?

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The father of King Henry IV, he's often known by an epithet

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denoting the Flemish city of his birth.

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John of Gaunt.

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Correct.

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APPLAUSE

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Your bonuses are on geneticists, Fitzwilliam.

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The work of which two US scientists in the Neurospora crassa mould

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led to the "one gene, one enzyme" hypothesis?

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They shared the 1958 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine.

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-Have you got anything on geneticists at all?

-Absolutely nothing.

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LAUGHTER

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Let's not waste time, then. We don't know.

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It's Beadle and Tatum.

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Secondly, which US geneticist publicly derided chromosome theory

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for the lack of experimental evidence, and subsequently

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discovered sex-linked inheritance in fruit flies?

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He won the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1933.

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You might know. He's big.

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-God, no, nothing.

-No, sorry again.

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That's Morgan. Thomas Hunt Morgan.

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And, finally, which US geneticist pointed out in 1902

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that chromosomes obey Mendel's rules?

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He thus provided the basis for the chromosome theory of heredity,

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independently of the German cytologist Theodor Boveri.

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THEY CONFER QUIETLY

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I don't know.

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No, we don't know that either.

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That's Walter Sutton. Right, we're going to take a picture round.

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For your picture starter,

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you'll see an outline map of Europe

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with a number of cities marked.

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Ten points if you can give me the final letter

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that all their names share.

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-Z.

-Z is correct, yes.

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Cadiz, Biarritz, Koblenz, Graz and Lodz.

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Right, your picture bonuses. Three more maps of Europe.

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Again, in each case, simply tell me the final letter

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common to the English names of all the cities marked.

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Firstly, for five.

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So that's Bordeaux.

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-X?

-Yeah, Halifax, Bordeaux.

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-X?

-X is correct.

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Halifax, Bordeaux, Montreux and Chamonix. Secondly...

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-Oh, V.

-V, V ,V.

-Kiev.

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-V.

-V is correct.

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Kiev, Lviv and Kharkiv. And finally...

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-Er...W?

-W?

-Yeah, cos Moscow...

-Yeah.

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-W?

-W.

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Glasgow, Warsaw, and so on.

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APPLAUSE Right, ten points for this.

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Which three successive letters of the alphabet follow the letters AL,

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the first in a word meaning

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the height of an aircraft above sea-level,

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the second naming a metal...

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T-U-V?

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T-U-V is correct, yes.

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APPLAUSE

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Right, you get a set of bonuses on figures of speech,

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with reference to the Monty Python Dead Parrot Sketch.

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LAUGHTER Firstly, for five points.

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Which expression in the Dead Parrot Sketch

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includes an alternative common name of the aster

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or composite family of plants?

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-Pine?

-Pining for the fjords.

-Oh, pining...?

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Pining for the fjords?

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-No, it's pushing up the daisies.

-Oh.

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LAUGHTER

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Secondly, the expression "join the choir invisible"

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appears in the title of an 1867 poem by which author?

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Her novels include Daniel Deronda and Felix Holt, The Radical.

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-George Eliot.

-Correct.

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The expression "shuffle off this mortal coil"

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appears in Act Three of which of Shakespeare's tragedies?

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-Hamlet.

-Correct.

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Ten points for this. APPLAUSE

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The orthography of which Romance language

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includes a dot known as a punt volat, or flown point?

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Similar in form to a decimal point,

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it occurs between two letter Ls to indicate a specific pronunciation.

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The language is the sole official language of Andorra.

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-Catalan.

-Catalan is correct.

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APPLAUSE

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These bonuses are on Angevin queens of England.

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Firstly, in 1191, Berengaria of Navarre married which king?

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After their wedding in Cyprus,

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she accompanied him to Palestine during the Third Crusade.

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Richard Coeur de Lion.

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Correct.

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Married to King John when she was 12 years old,

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which Angevin queen effectively abandoned her children

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on her husband's death, to take up her inheritance in France?

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-Isabella of Angouleme.

-Correct.

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Which Queen of France and later England was the mother-in-law

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of both Berengaria of Navarre and Isabella of Angouleme?

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Oh, is this going to be Eleanor of Aquitaine?

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-Possibly?

-I have no idea.

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Eleanor of Aquitaine?

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Correct. Ten points for this. APPLAUSE

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In medicine, what term denotes an inadequate blood supply

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to a part of the body, for example the heart?

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An adjectival form of the term appears in the abbreviation TIA.

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Ischaemia.

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Ischaemia is correct, yes. APPLAUSE

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You get a set of bonuses on Icarus,

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the son of Daedalus in Greek mythology.

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Firstly, portraying the death of Icarus only as an incidental detail,

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the 16th-century painting Landscape With The Fall Of Icarus

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has generally been attributed to which Flemish artist?

0:11:100:11:13

Bruegel the Elder.

0:11:130:11:15

-Pieter Bruegel the Elder?

-Correct.

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In his 1947 book, Jazz, which French artist portrayed Icarus

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as a simple black form against a royal blue background?

0:11:220:11:25

-Matisse, isn't it?

-Royal blue and all that.

-Yeah.

0:11:250:11:29

-Matisse?

-Matisse is right.

0:11:290:11:31

"I'm not the first or last

0:11:310:11:33

"To stand on a hillock

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"Watching the man she married

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"Prove to the world

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"He's a total, utter, absolute Grade A pillock."

0:11:370:11:41

Which poet wrote those lines reflecting on the myth of Icarus?

0:11:410:11:44

-Carol Ann Duffy.

-Correct.

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In The World's Wife. APPLAUSE

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Right, ten points for this.

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Treatise On Instrumentation And Orchestration

0:11:490:11:52

was an influential work of 1844 by which French composer?

0:11:520:11:56

His works include the comic opera Beatrice And Benedict,

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Grande Messe Des Morts,

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and the symphony Harold In Italy.

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-Berlioz.

-Berlioz is correct.

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APPLAUSE

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You get a set of bonuses on astrophysics, Emmanuel.

0:12:110:12:14

Which German physicist solved

0:12:140:12:16

Einstein's equations of general relativity

0:12:160:12:18

for a spherically symmetric mass distribution?

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In doing so, he predicted the existence of black holes.

0:12:210:12:24

No idea.

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Schrodinger or something.

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It might be Schwarzschild.

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Nominate Derby.

0:12:320:12:33

Schwarzschild.

0:12:330:12:35

Yes, Karl Schwarzschild.

0:12:350:12:37

The Schwarzschild radius

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measures the size of the event horizon of a nonrotating black hole.

0:12:380:12:43

It's given what formula in terms of the gravitational constant, G,

0:12:430:12:46

the mass of the hole, M, and the speed of light, c?

0:12:460:12:50

No idea.

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Do you have any idea?

0:12:550:12:56

Anything I can say?

0:12:560:12:58

-(G ¸ (M x M)) x c.

-Just say a number!

0:12:590:13:03

-Nominate Derby.

-(G ¸ (M x M)) x c.

0:13:030:13:06

No, it's (2 x G x M) ¸ (c x c).

0:13:060:13:09

And, finally, therefore, how does the density of a black hole change

0:13:090:13:13

if its mass increases by a factor of ten?

0:13:130:13:16

I'm going to need a precise answer.

0:13:160:13:18

It...multiplies by 100.

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-Does it increase or decrease the mass?

-Increase.

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So it increases by a factor of 100.

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It increases by a factor of 100.

0:13:260:13:28

No, it falls by a factor of 100. GROANING

0:13:280:13:30

Right, ten points for this. Listen carefully.

0:13:300:13:32

I need two answers here.

0:13:320:13:34

In the mnemonic "Karl Marx gave the proletariat eleven zeppelins, yo,"

0:13:340:13:39

if the words "Karl Marx" stand for kilo and mega,

0:13:390:13:42

for what do the words "elevens zeppelins" stand?

0:13:420:13:46

Zepta and eota?

0:13:480:13:50

No. Anyone want to buzz from Emmanuel?

0:13:500:13:53

Exa and zepta?

0:13:560:13:57

I can't accept that. It's exa and zetta.

0:13:570:14:00

Right, ten points for this.

0:14:000:14:01

Which novel by Charles Dickens begins with the death

0:14:010:14:04

of a wealthy shipping merchant's wife

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after giving birth to their second...?

0:14:060:14:08

-Is it Dombey And Son?

-It is Dombey And Son, yes.

0:14:080:14:10

APPLAUSE

0:14:100:14:12

These bonuses are on literary bad feeling, Fitzwilliam.

0:14:130:14:17

The US novelist and essayist Gore Vidal had a long-standing feud

0:14:170:14:21

with which fellow author?

0:14:210:14:23

In 1971, he head-butted Vidal backstage

0:14:230:14:27

during a recording of the Dick Cavett Show.

0:14:270:14:29

Think it's Truman Capote.

0:14:290:14:31

Truman Capote?

0:14:310:14:32

No, it was Norman Mailer, prompting Norman Mailer to say...

0:14:320:14:35

Prompting Vidal to say, "Once again, words failed Norman Mailer."

0:14:350:14:38

LAUGHTER

0:14:380:14:39

Vidal also had a long-standing feud with which author,

0:14:390:14:42

born in 1924 in New Orleans, whom Vidal called

0:14:420:14:46

"a full-fledged housewife from Kansas with all the prejudices"?

0:14:460:14:50

Presumably this is Truman Capote, is it? Is that too late for him?

0:14:500:14:54

-'24? Was that Harper?

-But who did you think it was, though?

0:14:540:14:57

I was just saying Harper, but Truman Capote, why not?

0:14:570:14:59

Let's try Truman Capote again.

0:14:590:15:01

That was Truman Capote, yes.

0:15:010:15:03

Capote, in turn, condemned the jazz-influenced work

0:15:030:15:06

of which US author and poet,

0:15:060:15:08

saying of it, "That's not writing, that's typing?"

0:15:080:15:11

-Kerouac.

-Jack Kerouac?

0:15:110:15:13

Correct.

0:15:130:15:14

Right, we're going to take a music round now.

0:15:140:15:17

For your music starter, you'll hear a piece of popular music.

0:15:170:15:20

Ten points if you can give me the name of the band, please.

0:15:200:15:23

'80s MUSIC PLAYS

0:15:230:15:26

U2?

0:15:360:15:37

U2 is correct.

0:15:370:15:38

APPLAUSE

0:15:380:15:40

They were named by the music critic Kelefa Sanneh

0:15:400:15:43

as a band "often liked by adherents to 'rockism',

0:15:430:15:48

"which is defined as the belief that white macho guitar music

0:15:480:15:52

"is superior to all other forms of popular music."

0:15:520:15:55

Your music bonuses are three guitar solos of a similar ilk.

0:15:550:15:59

Firstly, name this band, described in Rolling Stone magazine

0:15:590:16:02

as "hammering out one herculean riff after another."

0:16:020:16:05

ROCK MUSIC PLAYS

0:16:050:16:07

MUSIC DROWNS SPEECH

0:16:100:16:12

Is it...AC/DC or...?

0:16:210:16:24

AC/DC?

0:16:240:16:25

Correct. Secondly, identify this artist.

0:16:250:16:28

The music critic Dave Marsh claimed his music

0:16:280:16:31

should "shake men's souls

0:16:310:16:32

"and make them question the direction of their lives."

0:16:320:16:36

NEW ROCK SONG PLAYS

0:16:360:16:38

TEAM MEMBER LAUGHS

0:16:410:16:43

MUSIC DROWNS SPEECH

0:16:430:16:45

Solo artist?

0:16:470:16:48

MUSIC DROWNS SPEECH

0:16:510:16:53

Geoff Burch?

0:16:550:16:56

No, that's Bruce Springsteen. And, finally, who's this?

0:16:560:16:59

A Telegraph article claimed that they "weren't the greatest band

0:16:590:17:02

"of all time, they were even better than that"!

0:17:020:17:05

NEW ROCK SONG PLAYS

0:17:070:17:09

MUSIC DROWNS SPEECH

0:17:110:17:13

MUSIC DROWNS SPEECH

0:17:160:17:19

Oasis?

0:17:260:17:28

Good heavens, no! That's Led Zeppelin. LAUGHTER

0:17:280:17:30

The immortal Stairway To Heaven. So, ten points for this.

0:17:300:17:33

Listen carefully, answer promptly.

0:17:330:17:35

If the eight major planets of the solar system

0:17:350:17:37

and the first eight elements of the periodic table are both arranged

0:17:370:17:41

in ascending order of mass,

0:17:410:17:43

which planet is matched with lithium?

0:17:430:17:45

Earth.

0:17:470:17:49

No. Anyone want to buzz from Emmanuel?

0:17:490:17:52

Venus.

0:17:520:17:53

Venus is correct, yes.

0:17:530:17:54

APPLAUSE

0:17:540:17:56

So, you retake the lead thereon.

0:17:570:17:59

Anthropologists, your bonuses.

0:17:590:18:02

Born in Scotland in 1854, which anthropologist was

0:18:020:18:05

a prominent scholar of mythology and comparative religion?

0:18:050:18:08

-His most notable work is The Golden Bough.

-Fraser!

0:18:080:18:12

Nominate Fraser!

0:18:120:18:14

Sir James Frazer?

0:18:140:18:16

That's correct, yes.

0:18:160:18:17

LAUGHTER AND APPLAUSE

0:18:170:18:19

Secondly, born in Philadelphia in 1901,

0:18:200:18:23

which cultural anthropologist is noted for her work

0:18:230:18:26

on adolescents in Southeast Asia and the South Pacific?

0:18:260:18:30

Her publications include the much-debated

0:18:300:18:32

Coming Of Age In Samoa.

0:18:320:18:33

-Um...Margaret Mead?

-Yeah, I'm not sure...

0:18:330:18:35

-There's another one that I can't remember.

-Shall we just say it?

0:18:350:18:38

Margaret Mead?

0:18:380:18:39

Correct. Born in 1908, which French anthropologist

0:18:390:18:42

is noted for his development of the theory of structuralism?

0:18:420:18:46

-Is this Foucault?

-Probably. Or...

-Could be Derrida.

0:18:460:18:49

-Shall we say Foucault?

-Yeah.

-Foucault?

0:18:490:18:51

That's Claude Levi-Strauss. Ten points for this.

0:18:510:18:54

Which decade saw the publication

0:18:540:18:56

of Blaise Pascal's Provincial Letters,

0:18:560:18:58

James Harrington's Commonwealth of Oceana

0:18:580:19:01

and Thomas Hobbes' Leviathan?

0:19:010:19:04

16...40s.

0:19:040:19:07

No, you lose five points. The last year of the decade saw

0:19:070:19:10

the resignation of Richard Cromwell as Lord Protector of England.

0:19:100:19:15

1650s?

0:19:150:19:16

Correct.

0:19:160:19:17

APPLAUSE

0:19:170:19:20

You get a set of bonuses, Fitzwilliam, on the periodic table.

0:19:200:19:23

The naming of element 106 caused controversy

0:19:230:19:26

because the team that discovered it suggested the name should

0:19:260:19:29

reflect that of which chemist, who was still alive at the time?

0:19:290:19:34

-Well, it is Seaborgium. Um...

-OK, Seaborg, shall we say?

0:19:340:19:38

Wait, did he say it's not... They want the actual...

0:19:380:19:40

I think they succeeded, didn't they?

0:19:400:19:42

So, let's say...Seaborg.

0:19:420:19:44

Correct. Also named after a scientist alive at the time,

0:19:440:19:48

what are the names of elements numbers 99 and 100

0:19:480:19:50

discovered at the location of the first thermonuclear explosion

0:19:500:19:55

in November, 1952?

0:19:550:19:57

-That's Einstein and Fermi.

-Do we need to name the elements, though?

0:19:580:20:02

Oh, the elements, Einsteinium, Fermium.

0:20:020:20:04

Einsteinium and Fermium?

0:20:040:20:05

Correct. Give either the name of element 118

0:20:050:20:09

or the surname of the living Russian nuclear physicist

0:20:090:20:13

of Armenian descent after whom it was named in 2016.

0:20:130:20:17

Yeah, so, the element is Oganesson.

0:20:170:20:20

Oganesson?

0:20:200:20:21

Correct.

0:20:210:20:22

APPLAUSE

0:20:220:20:25

Ten points for this. The Anvil Chorus

0:20:250:20:27

and the Soldiers' Chorus feature in which...?

0:20:270:20:31

-Um, Verdi operas, but...

-HE SIGHS

0:20:310:20:34

I'm afraid you lose five points.

0:20:340:20:35

..feature in which opera first performed in Rome in 1853?

0:20:350:20:40

Il trovatore.

0:20:400:20:41

Correct.

0:20:410:20:42

APPLAUSE

0:20:420:20:44

You get a set of bonuses on extinct Indo-European languages,

0:20:450:20:49

Emmanuel College.

0:20:490:20:50

Lydian, Palaic and Hittite are extinct languages

0:20:500:20:54

given a collective name after which peninsula?

0:20:540:20:57

It comprises a large part of present-day Turkey.

0:20:570:21:00

WHISPERING

0:21:000:21:02

Um....

0:21:020:21:03

Anatolia? I don't even know of a peninsula...

0:21:030:21:06

Shall we say... Anatoly? Anatolic languages?

0:21:060:21:10

I'll accept that, yes.

0:21:100:21:11

Anatolia is the name I was looking for for the peninsula.

0:21:110:21:15

Tocharian A and B are attested by Buddhist texts

0:21:150:21:18

from the first millennium of the common era.

0:21:180:21:21

They were spoken in the Tarim Basin in which present-day country?

0:21:210:21:26

Tarim Basin...

0:21:260:21:27

Buddhist, so it's going to be...

0:21:270:21:29

-India?

-Could be.

0:21:290:21:32

India?

0:21:320:21:33

No, they were in China.

0:21:330:21:35

Sabine, Oscan and Volscian are extinct languages

0:21:350:21:39

of which present-day European country?

0:21:390:21:42

-Italy?

-Do you reckon?

-Mm, I don't know, I'm just going with Sabine.

0:21:420:21:45

-As in, Rape Of The Sabine Women?

-Well, that's all I'm going with!

0:21:450:21:48

Italy?

0:21:480:21:49

It is Italy, yes. We're going to take the second picture round now.

0:21:490:21:52

For your picture starter, you're going to see a still from a film.

0:21:520:21:55

For ten points, I want you to identify the name of the film

0:21:550:21:58

and the actor on the right who also directed it.

0:21:580:22:01

Unforgiven and Clint Eastwood.

0:22:040:22:06

Correct.

0:22:060:22:07

APPLAUSE

0:22:070:22:08

So, he directed and starred in Unforgiven.

0:22:100:22:13

Your bonuses are stills from three more films whose directors

0:22:130:22:16

also acted in them.

0:22:160:22:17

Each film is preserved in the National Film Registry

0:22:170:22:20

of the US Library Of Congress.

0:22:200:22:22

Firstly, I want the full four-word title of this film

0:22:220:22:25

and its director, seen here on the left.

0:22:250:22:28

This Is Spinal Tap and Rob Reiner.

0:22:300:22:32

This Is Spinal Tap, Rob Reiner?

0:22:320:22:35

Correct. Secondly, again, the title of the film

0:22:350:22:38

and the name of the actor and director.

0:22:380:22:41

Uh, is that Easy Rider?

0:22:430:22:46

-Dennis Hopper?

-Did he direct that?

0:22:460:22:48

-Possibly.

-OK.

0:22:480:22:49

Easy Rider and Dennis Hopper?

0:22:490:22:52

Correct. And, finally, title and actor-director again.

0:22:520:22:56

Modern Times and Charlie Chaplin.

0:22:560:22:58

Modern Times and Charlie Chaplin?

0:22:580:23:00

Correct. Ten points for this.

0:23:000:23:02

APPLAUSE

0:23:020:23:04

In English grammar, opinion, size, age, shape, colour,

0:23:040:23:07

origin and material

0:23:070:23:09

is the most usual order of what...?

0:23:090:23:12

Adjectives?

0:23:120:23:13

Adjectives is correct, yes.

0:23:130:23:15

APPLAUSE

0:23:150:23:17

Right, you get a set of bonuses

0:23:170:23:19

on the Messner version of the Seven Summits.

0:23:190:23:22

That is, the highest mountains on each continent.

0:23:220:23:24

In each case, name the peak from its geographical coordinates.

0:23:240:23:28

Firstly, 63.07 degrees north,

0:23:280:23:32

151 degrees west.

0:23:320:23:35

So, it's... Asia? In Asia?

0:23:350:23:37

Is that not Everest, then?

0:23:370:23:39

Everest?

0:23:390:23:40

No, that's Denali, McKinley in North America.

0:23:400:23:44

Secondly, 43.35 degrees north,

0:23:440:23:47

42.45 degrees east.

0:23:470:23:50

Would that be Europe or Asia?

0:23:500:23:52

God knows!

0:23:520:23:54

-Shall we try...

-Everest, I mean...

0:23:540:23:55

-Is this...

-Hmm?

-Is this Europe?

0:23:550:23:59

-So, Mont Blanc?

-No, no, no.

-What am I saying?

-Just...Everest?

0:23:590:24:02

Everest?

0:24:020:24:03

No, it's Elbrus, Europe.

0:24:030:24:05

And finally, 78.53 degrees south,

0:24:050:24:09

85.62 degrees west.

0:24:090:24:11

Is that Aconcagua?

0:24:110:24:13

..South America, so Aconcagua?

0:24:130:24:15

Aconcagua?

0:24:150:24:17

No, that's the Vinson Massif in Antarctica.

0:24:170:24:19

There are 3.5 minutes to go and there's ten points for this.

0:24:190:24:22

The history of King Richard III was written in the 1510s

0:24:220:24:25

by which statesman?

0:24:250:24:27

From 1518, he served on Henry VIII's Privy Council,

0:24:270:24:30

and later became Lord Chancellor.

0:24:300:24:33

Thomas Cromwell?

0:24:350:24:37

No, anyone like to buzz from Emmanuel?

0:24:370:24:39

Francis Bacon?

0:24:410:24:42

No, it was Sir Thomas More.

0:24:420:24:44

Ten points for this starter question.

0:24:440:24:46

Talas, Jalal, Abad, Osh and Batken

0:24:460:24:49

are among the oblast, or administrative regions,

0:24:490:24:51

of which central Asian country?

0:24:510:24:54

Kyrgyzstan?

0:24:540:24:55

Kyrgyzstan is correct.

0:24:550:24:56

APPLAUSE

0:24:560:24:59

You get three bonuses on helium.

0:24:590:25:00

"The helium capital of the world" is an epithet

0:25:000:25:03

of which city in the Texas Panhandle?

0:25:030:25:05

Its name is the Spanish word for the colour yellow.

0:25:050:25:08

-SEVERAL:

-Amarillo.

-Amarillo?

0:25:080:25:10

Amarillo is correct.

0:25:100:25:11

The United States produces a large proportion of the world's helium,

0:25:110:25:15

recovering it from what other specific product?

0:25:150:25:18

And I need a two-word answer.

0:25:180:25:20

HE GROANS

0:25:200:25:21

It's a by-product of

0:25:210:25:23

radioactive decay.

0:25:230:25:25

Some sort of ore.

0:25:250:25:27

Iron ore?

0:25:270:25:28

Iron ore?

0:25:280:25:29

-No, it's natural gas. ALL:

-Ah!

0:25:290:25:31

The helium in natural gas comes from radioactive decay.

0:25:310:25:35

What term denotes particles

0:25:350:25:37

that are the nucleus of a Helium-4 atom?

0:25:370:25:39

Alpha particle.

0:25:390:25:41

Alpha particle?

0:25:410:25:42

Correct. Ten points for this. APPLAUSE

0:25:420:25:44

I need a precise answer here.

0:25:440:25:46

In the opening scene of Shakespeare's Twelfth Night,

0:25:460:25:49

what seven words precede, "Play on, give me excess of it..."

0:25:490:25:52

"If music be the food of love"?

0:25:550:25:56

"If music be the food of love" is correct, yes.

0:25:560:25:58

APPLAUSE

0:25:580:26:01

These bonuses are on excursions.

0:26:010:26:03

Who wrote the 1863 anthology Excursions, a series of essays

0:26:030:26:07

that includes A Walk To Wachusett

0:26:070:26:09

and Natural History Of Massachusetts?

0:26:090:26:11

Mark Twain?

0:26:130:26:14

No, it's Henry David Thoreau.

0:26:140:26:16

The Steam Excursions is a short story by Charles Dickens

0:26:160:26:19

that forms one of the so-called Tales

0:26:190:26:21

in which collection known by a three-word name?

0:26:210:26:25

Pass.

0:26:250:26:26

They're Sketches By Boz.

0:26:260:26:27

Which 1974 novel by Beryl Bainbridge describes a series of

0:26:270:26:31

darkly comic events that occur during the annual excursion

0:26:310:26:34

of a glass manufacturing company?

0:26:340:26:37

Pass.

0:26:370:26:38

That's The Bottle Factory Outing. Ten points for this.

0:26:380:26:41

Curicta is the Latin name for which island off the coast of Croatia,

0:26:410:26:45

noted for the discovery of the stone slab known as the Baska Tablet?

0:26:450:26:49

It has a three-letter name that contains no vowels.

0:26:490:26:53

Tyr?

0:26:570:26:59

No, anyone want to buzz from Emmanuel?

0:26:590:27:02

-Lys?

-No, its Krk. Ten points for this.

0:27:030:27:05

Lan Xang, or kingdom of the million elephants,

0:27:050:27:08

was an early polity in which present-day country?

0:27:080:27:11

It flourished from the 14th century until the 18th,

0:27:110:27:14

and later became part of French Indochina.

0:27:140:27:18

Thailand.

0:27:180:27:20

No, anyone like to buzz from Fitzwilliam?

0:27:200:27:23

Vietnam?

0:27:230:27:24

No, it's Laos. Ten points for this.

0:27:240:27:26

Rearranging the letters of the chemical formula for

0:27:260:27:29

table salt gives what word, meaning a large...?

0:27:290:27:32

Clan.

0:27:330:27:34

Clan is correct.

0:27:340:27:35

APPLAUSE

0:27:350:27:36

Your bonuses now are on perpendicular Gothic architecture.

0:27:360:27:39

In each case, name the county in which the following churches

0:27:390:27:42

are located. Firstly, Tattersall, Thirlby and Louth.

0:27:420:27:46

Uh, Lancashire?

0:27:460:27:47

GONG BOOMS

0:27:470:27:48

APPLAUSE

0:27:480:27:49

At the gong, Emmanuel College, Cambridge have 150.

0:27:490:27:52

Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge have 175.

0:27:520:27:55

APPLAUSE

0:27:550:27:57

Well, that was a great game, and it was very, very close.

0:27:570:28:01

And you very nearly took it, Emmanuel.

0:28:010:28:03

Who knows what would have happened if we'd gone on another few minutes.

0:28:030:28:06

Who can say? But thank you very much for joining us.

0:28:060:28:08

We're going to have to say goodbye to you.

0:28:080:28:10

Fitzwilliam, congratulations, you get another chance to

0:28:100:28:12

stay in the competition, so many congratulations to you.

0:28:120:28:15

I hope you can join us next time for another quarterfinal.

0:28:150:28:18

But until then, it's goodbye from Emmanuel College, Cambridge.

0:28:180:28:21

-ALL:

-Goodbye.

-And it's goodbye from Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge.

0:28:210:28:24

-ALL:

-Goodbye.

-And it's goodbye from me - goodbye.

0:28:240:28:27

The pressure is increasing as the quarter-finals continue. Which team will make it to the next stage of the quiz for students? Jeremy Paxman asks the questions.