Yr Anialwch: Lowri Morgan: Namib Yr Anialwch


Yr Anialwch: Lowri Morgan: Namib

Lowri Morgan sy'n teithio i'r Namib ac yn rhyfeddu at anifeiliaid yr anialwch hynafol yma. Lowri Morgan travels to the Namib Desert to see the animals and meet the local people.


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Transcript


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-The desert -

-arid, desolate, uncompromising.

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-A barren landscape

-that extends far and wide.

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-But it is in these unfamiliar places

-that nature flourishes...

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-..and inhabitants dwell.

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-With vigour and resilience,

-they have learnt to survive...

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-..and forged a unique way of life.

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-But today the modern world

-is turning the screw.

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-Trade and industry

-covet the desert's resources.

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-Natives have had to adapt

-quicker than ever before.

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-This is the story

-of resilient and tenacious people...

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-..preserving their habitat

-and fighting for the right...

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-..to live in the most

-challenging places on earth.

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-My adventure begins

-in Windhoek, the capital of Namibia.

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-How exciting!

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-There is no desert anywhere

-in the world older than the Namib.

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-For 80 million years...

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-..sand dunes have stood here

-on the Atlantic coast of Africa.

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-Wow!

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-Thanks to my pilot's kindness and

-his expert knowledge of the Namib...

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-..I'm able to view this ancient

-wilderness in a contemporary way.

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-I can understand why people

-are so passionate about flying.

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-My adrenaline is pumping,

-my heart is in my mouth...

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-..and it's a thrill being up here -

-I've never felt more alive.

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-Being above such spectacular scenery

-makes me feel quite spiritual.

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-I'm grinning

-like a Cheshire cat up here!

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-From one year to the next...

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-..there are parts of the Namib

-that never see rain.

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-The coastline is a ships' graveyard.

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-The rugged landscape

-is a challenging environment...

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-..in which to live...

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-..despite Namibia's vast plains.

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-Two million people

-live in this country...

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-..compared to the

-three-million population of Wales.

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-It's no wonder the unpopulated space

-is referred to as the Namib Desert.

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-But having seen

-the occasional zebra...

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-..you're reminded

-there is also life in the desert.

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-Survival is possible

-in these extreme conditions.

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-Zebras are not the only inhabitants.

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-The trained eye...

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-..can spot all kinds of wildlife

-in the Namib...

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-..from the smallest species

-to the desert's largest mammals.

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-You will also find

-people living here.

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-My thirst for adventure...

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-..has led me

-to all kinds of rough terrains...

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-..but I always seem

-to hurtle through them.

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-It will be a challenge for me

-to bide my time...

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-..and observe those who must

-live self-sufficiently here.

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-What of its future?

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-HIV and AIDS are rife here.

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-It's claimed that one

-in every four children in Namibia...

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-..will be

-left destitute by the disease.

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-Getting to grips with the Namib

-is going to be quite a challenge.

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-I'm relieved that my journey's

-arrangements are in expert hands.

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-Bertus Schoeman is the pilot.

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-He and his family

-also cater for tourists on land.

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-Bertus's father

-was the first to realize...

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-..the desert's appeal

-as a tourist attraction.

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-These are all lavas that came out

-when the continents broke apart.

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-He campaigned

-for the first national park...

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-..in order to preserve

-the Namib's wonders...

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-..one of which

-is the archaic sand dunes.

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-They rise to a height of 300m...

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-..and some measure

-more than 30km in length.

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-The dunes are a challenge, even for

-the most experienced driver.

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-It'd be fun to see Ralio's drivers

-trying to negotiate these slopes!

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-You made it. You actually made it.

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-Louw Schoeman, the father of Namib's

-conservation, died many years ago.

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-His son, Henk, is still here...

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-..to preserve his legacy...

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-..along with

-his older brother, Bertus.

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-We're indebted to the Schoeman

-family because without them...

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-..there wouldn't be

-a national park or conservation.

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-I'm so glad that the sons are

-continuing their father's vision...

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-..because without them, hundreds

-of people, ourselves included...

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-..couldn't come here

-to appreciate this remarkable place.

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-This is

-the culmination of their work.

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-An oasis in the desert...

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-..and home to some

-of Africa's most beautiful animals.

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-But what about

-the people of the Namib?

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-I'm heading north

-to the Purros region.

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-I'm visiting a remote farm, home to

-a small number of the Himba tribe.

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-It's time to introduce myself

-to the Namib's remote natives.

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-Without delay, I get stuck in

-to the work of these desert women.

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-The men are with the animals,

-searching for grazing pasture...

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-..so the women

-are left to run the household.

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-It's labour intensive

-and completely essential, of course.

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-But there's still time

-to share a few treats...

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-..as we take turns to pump.

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-Thank you.

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-Nice!

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-It's remarkable watching

-these women working in tandem.

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-They've worked out a system...

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-..and each of them

-knows exactly what to do.

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-It all seems very organized.

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-Now it's time for the real test.

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-Thanks! I'm going

-to get a soaking any minute now!

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-Over here?

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-The new recruit

-is starting to tire...

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-..but there's

-no chance of a rest just yet.

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-They need firewood,

-otherwise there'll be no breakfast.

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-And this? Yes?

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-The branches are so dry,

-they've become very sharp.

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-I've already cut myself.

-They're very kind to me, fair play.

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-Yes?

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-There we go.

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-I feel quite proud

-that I'm giving them a hand.

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-We make our way back home.

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-If it were a race, there'd be

-no gold medal for me today.

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-I was determined to walk

-that two miles with the women.

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-I'm so glad I did.

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-No words were spoken between us

-but we had fun and laughed.

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-I'm glad I've just done

-one small thing to help this family.

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-Dankie.

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-Good helper,

-good helper, good helper!

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-Did she say "good helper"? I hope

-I was a useful helper, anyhow!

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-It's wonderful to be accepted

-by these diligent women.

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-Now there is firewood...

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-..Zaharara lights the fire to make

-sweetcorn porridge for everyone.

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-With everyone else

-busy with other duties...

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-..I make sure

-that visitors from Wales...

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-..uphold

-their good helper reputation!

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-Yes?

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-It's hard work,

-especially in this oppressive heat.

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-OK?

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-At last it's time to relax...

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-..and experience more

-of the tribe's customs.

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-With a scarcity of water

-in the area...

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-..instead of a wet shower, these

-women are having a smoke shower.

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-They burn the twigs

-of a very special tree.

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-A beautiful aroma fills the cabin.

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-It has a very nice smell.

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-It's quite sweet.

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-Having relaxed in the shower,

-it's time for make-up.

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-This paste is called otjize.

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-It's made from ashes,

-ochre and butter fat.

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-The red colour symbolizes vitality,

-which is also true of our culture.

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-The otjize keeps the skin moist...

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-..and protects it from

-the damaging effects of the sun.

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-Now that we all look so pretty,

-we're off to the ball!

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-THEY YELL GRUFFLY

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-I've only been

-with these women a short while...

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-..but during that time,

-they've shown me so much kindness.

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-They've looked after me and

-made me feel like one of the family.

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-I'm very grateful to them for that.

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-I feel very touched, to be honest.

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-It's been a short time, and if I

-were completely honest with you...

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-..I'd like

-to stay with them a little longer.

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-But perhaps I haven't

-quite mastered the Himba style yet!

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-.

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-Subtitles

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-Subtitles

-

-Subtitles

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-The healthy children

-of the Namib Desert are full of fun.

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-But when disease

-strikes the inhabitants...

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-..medical provision is scarce.

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-As we prepare to leave

-the Himba women...

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-..we hear that a mobile hospital

-has arrived in the nearest town...

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-..for the very first time.

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-The smallest children

-are offered transport...

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-..in the clinic's vehicle.

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-I needed medical attention too.

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-I have a sore neck. Here.

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-Here.

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-Yes. Yes.

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-You walk like this...

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-..and I'm like this.

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-In the end, everybody

-decides to visit the doctor...

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-..despite the distance.

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-A day like today

-is vital for the community.

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-People have walked miles

-to the town.

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-It is the first time ever for the

-mobile medical unit to come here.

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-With diseases rife...

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-..and medical treatment scarce...

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-..it's important

-that these children and adults...

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-..receive vital medical attention.

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-The children of the desert...

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-..tend to be small for their age...

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-..especially when very young

-as a result of poor nutrition.

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-But the Namib...

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-..faces a far more sinister problem.

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-One person in every three in Namibia

-carries the HIV virus.

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-This epidemic

-tears lives apart in the desert.

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-Good morning, class.

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-All the children in this village

-are orphans.

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-Their parents have died from AIDS.

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-Their parents have died from AIDS.

-

-Arms.

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-Hello.

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-Hello.

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-It's hard to believe,

-but none of these poor children...

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-..has a mother or a father.

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-Good, thank you very much.

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-Can I teach you all

-a lesson in singing Welsh?

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-Yes? Is that OK?

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-Head is "pen". "Pen."

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-It's called "pen" in Welsh.

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-"Ysgwyddau."

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-"Coesau."

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-"Traed."

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-OK?

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-# Pen, ysgwyddau,

-coesau, traed, coesau, traed.

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-# Pen, ysgwyddau,

-coesau, traed, coesau, traed

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-# Pen, ysgwyddau, coesau, traed

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-"Pen, ysgwyddau,

-coesau traed, coesau traed #

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-Everybody come to the letter A.

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-Stand here.

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-A charity runs the school here and

-cares for the orphans day and night.

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-Each child

-has had to overcome adversity.

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-Sadly, Upo arrived here

-at two months' old...

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-..following

-his parents' death from HIV.

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-But look at him now.

-He's eight years old.

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-Upo's story is far from unique.

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-Bye-bye, class.

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-Bye-bye, teacher.

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-Bye-bye, teacher.

-

-Jaco Burger was inspired...

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-..to establish the charity

-more than a decade ago.

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-Jaco is of Afrikaans descent.

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-Through his voluntary work...

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-..he witnessed

-the effects of AIDS on the young.

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-The disease

-was rife in many villages...

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-..leaving few healthy adults

-to look after the children.

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-I decided I wanted to do my

-little bit for the Himba people...

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-..and the Himba community to start

-a place where children can be safe.

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-Jaco works alongside wife, Mukayo.

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-She is now

-the honourable Queen of the Orphans.

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-A decade ago...

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-..Jaco came to work in her village.

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-We became good friends

-around that time.

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-He then asked me to work with him...

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-..for two months, to begin with.

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-But two months turned into a year.

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-And then a year turned into

-another year, and then another...

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-..and another.

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-By now it's been 10 years.

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-After marrying, Mukayo realized

-that she couldn't conceive.

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-That's when the couple

-decided to help the orphans.

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-Jaco and Mukayo's village is

-now home to more than 40 children.

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-Several adults have joined them

-from other villages...

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-..that have been

-adversely affected by AIDS.

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-The care and education

-they receive...

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-..is among the best

-the Namib has to offer.

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-Jaco and Mukayo...

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-..have created

-a new tribe in the village.

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-As a couple from two

-different tribes who've united...

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-..it's important to them...

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-..to preserve the Himba's heritage

-as well respecting other cultures.

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-The children have a bright future.

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-Our culture will progress.

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-RHYTHMIC CLAPPING

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-I have to admit,

-I didn't know what to expect...

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-..when I arrived in the village.

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-But now I can say it's been

-a roller coaster of emotions.

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-Considering the Himba is a tribe...

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-..who strongly believe

-in the family unit...

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-..it broke my heart

-to see so many children...

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-..orphaned.

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-But on the other hand,

-it's a heroic story.

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-I'm pleased to see what they've

-done, not only with the children...

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-..but with the entire family here.

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-I think I'll leave here happy...

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-..after seeing

-how content the children are...

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-..knowing they're in safe hands.

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-My style of dancing is improving

-too, even if I say so myself!

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-The Namib's sand dunes

-seem completely barren...

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-..but every desert

-has its own unique ecosystem.

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-The Namib's begins at the shoreline.

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-But despite being

-this close to the Atlantic...

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-..it's pretty grim here.

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-I can understand why they call

-this coastline the Skeleton Coast.

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-It's a graveyard for shipwrecks,

-aircraft and animals...

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-..as well as sailors.

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-Imagine some 200 years ago...

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-..sailors arriving at the shoreline,

-having survived a shipwreck...

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-..thinking,

-'Great, I'm still alive'...

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-..and then facing the desert

-and realizing...

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-..they had another

-major obstacle to overcome.

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-They would've been lucky...

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-..to have survived a week

-without food or water.

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-But miraculously, the mists

-that roll in from the sea...

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-..produce enough moisture

-to sustain life in the wilderness.

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-But it requires

-an expert eye to spot it.

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-Today the children are familiarizing

-themselves with the wildlife.

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-Thank you, Tommy. Hello.

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-Hello. I'm Lowri. How are you?

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-Hello.

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-More and more Namibians

-are living an urban lifestyle.

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-Here in Erongo, the population

-has doubled over the past 20 years.

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-For the children,

-city life provides many advantages.

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-They are up-to-date with fashion,

-technology and modern gadgets.

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-But the sand dunes are unfamiliar

-to them, which is a great pity...

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-..according to Tommy Collard,

-an expert on the Namib's wildlife.

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-I have a very large office.

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-This is my office.

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-We live

-in an electronic age nowadays.

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-They actually make a joke

-that children are born...

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-..with thick thumbs

-to play PlayStations.

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-If you do not expose them

-to this environment...

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-..and the importance of it,

-when they have the opportunity...

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-..to make decisions,

-this will not be important for them.

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-That's why the education of kids

-is at the top of my heart.

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-He never misses.

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-We're all

-enjoying ourselves today.

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-Tommy's energy and enthusiasm

-is remarkable.

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-His passion has rubbed off on us.

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-The children are listening intently

-to his every word.

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-It's hard to believe...

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-..that the children only live a few

-miles away from the sand dunes...

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-..yet they know so little about

-the tiny creatures that live here.

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-Look at that. In the pallet

-of the mouth they have an opening.

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-I used to think when I come here...

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-..to the dunes

-I'd just run into a snake anytime.

0:25:140:25:17

-But now I saw the bushman...

0:25:170:25:20

-..I can see

-whether it's a snake or not.

0:25:210:25:24

-On your knees before me.

0:25:240:25:26

-The aim of the session is to get the

-children to overcome their fears...

0:25:270:25:32

-..and enjoy seeing and touching

-the Namib's creatures.

0:25:320:25:36

-And that includes me too.

0:25:360:25:38

-Turn a little bit

-towards the left there.

0:25:420:25:45

-There's a first time for everything.

0:25:470:25:50

-It doesn't feel that bad,

-to be honest...

0:25:500:25:53

-..but I can feel

-the animal shaking about.

0:25:530:25:56

-I don't think I can keep this up.

0:25:560:26:00

-Could you take it off now, please?

0:26:000:26:02

-He doesn't want to.

-Wait, wait, wait. One moment.

0:26:050:26:08

-.

0:26:180:26:19

-Subtitles

0:26:220:26:22

-Subtitles

-

-Subtitles

0:26:220:26:24

-Camping in the Namib.

0:26:260:26:28

-No matter

-how experienced the traveller...

0:26:280:26:31

-..there is plenty here

-to make someone on edge.

0:26:320:26:35

-I'm a bag of nerves at the moment.

0:26:350:26:38

-I was sitting here having my supper

-after a hard day's work...

0:26:390:26:44

-..and the next thing we knew...

0:26:440:26:48

-..a wild elephant passed us...

0:26:480:26:51

-..only a matter

-of five metres away.

0:26:510:26:55

-He's now in the woods over there...

0:26:560:27:01

-..eating.

0:27:010:27:03

-I'm not going to

-shine the torch too much...

0:27:030:27:06

-..in case

-I draw attention to myself.

0:27:060:27:09

-But the car's doors are open...

0:27:090:27:11

-..just in case

-he decides to run at us.

0:27:110:27:15

-I'm so nervous, I can't speak.

0:27:170:27:19

-My heart's in my mouth.

0:27:190:27:22

-ELEPHANT GROANS

0:27:290:27:31

-Did you hear that?

0:27:380:27:40

-A sound like that

-is enough to keep us all awake.

0:27:400:27:45

-The elephants of the desert.

0:27:540:27:56

-There is nowhere in the world

-apart from the Namib...

0:27:590:28:03

-..and one other desert

-where they wander freely.

0:28:040:28:07

-Everyone who visits here

-is eager to see them up close...

0:28:130:28:17

-..but from a safe distance

-because there's no doubt...

0:28:170:28:21

-..that despite their beauty,

-these creatures are large and wild.

0:28:210:28:26

-Camping in this country

-is a different experience...

0:28:270:28:32

-..from camping at home in Wales.

0:28:320:28:34

-Instead of worrying about

-proximity to the toilets...

0:28:340:28:38

-..here you have to worry about

-the presence of elephants!

0:28:380:28:42

-But it is possible to co-exist

-as long as you follow the rules.

0:28:420:28:47

-For instance,

-once you reach the main road...

0:28:470:28:50

-..instead of checking for cars,

-you look both ways...

0:28:500:28:54

-..to make sure there are

-no elephants on the road.

0:28:540:28:58

-Look who passed us...

0:29:020:29:04

-..just a few metres away from our

-beds, in search of food and water.

0:29:040:29:10

-Elephants.

0:29:100:29:12

-Look at this.

0:29:120:29:14

-Their feet are enormous.

0:29:140:29:16

-Incredible, isn't it?

0:29:170:29:19

-This breed of elephant

-has adapted perfectly to the desert.

0:29:260:29:30

-Their most valuable asset

-is their ability to find water.

0:29:400:29:44

-Mothers can lead their offspring...

0:29:480:29:51

-..hundreds of miles

-across the desert to a well...

0:29:510:29:55

-..even if they've

-only drunk from there once before.

0:29:550:29:59

-They can hear the sound of rain...

0:30:010:30:03

-..far across the Namib's plains...

0:30:040:30:06

-..and follow the sound

-in order to quench their thirst.

0:30:070:30:10

-Desert people

-knew that following the elephant...

0:30:110:30:16

-..would also lead them

-to fresh drinking water.

0:30:160:30:21

-The Namib's tribes

-such as the Herero...

0:30:210:30:25

-..put that knowledge

-to good use while farming...

0:30:250:30:28

-..so that it benefited their cattle.

0:30:280:30:32

-But the 19th century

-brought new competition...

0:30:320:30:36

-..for the desert's resources...

0:30:360:30:39

-..sparking the bleakest period

-in the Namib's history.

0:30:390:30:43

-German farmers

-came to settle here...

0:30:450:30:49

-..and acquired the Herero's land.

0:30:490:30:52

-Violence

-soon escalated into genocide.

0:30:530:30:58

-Thousands of the Herero's men...

0:31:010:31:03

-..women and children were killed.

0:31:040:31:07

-Thousands more were imprisoned...

0:31:090:31:11

-..in abominable conditions

-or turned into slaves.

0:31:120:31:16

-80,000 of the tribe

-lived in the Namib...

0:31:200:31:23

-..before the atrocities began.

0:31:230:31:25

-Fewer than 15,000 survived.

0:31:260:31:28

-In the desert, close to

-the town of Okambe-Odombo...

0:31:370:31:41

-..where the genocide took place...

0:31:410:31:43

-..some of the Herero remain.

0:31:440:31:46

-They are still here,

-keeping goats and cattle.

0:31:460:31:50

-Festus Tjiveze

-is a farmer and a proud Herero.

0:31:540:31:58

-Despite the tribe's

-bloody and cruel past...

0:31:580:32:02

-..he and his family,

-along with many other tribesmen...

0:32:030:32:06

-..have adopted elements

-from the German way of life.

0:32:070:32:10

-Festus's wife, Ella, dresses in the

-style of the European oppressors...

0:32:130:32:18

-..despite its impracticality

-for farm work.

0:32:180:32:23

-This is the kind of dress my mother

-wore, and her mother before her.

0:32:270:32:32

-Mother told me

-I should always wear it.

0:32:320:32:35

-She said it was part of our culture.

0:32:350:32:37

-The Germans kept women like Ella's

-great-grandmother as servants.

0:32:420:32:46

-But they were loath to accept...

0:32:470:32:49

-..the Herero's uninhibited custom

-for baring their bodies.

0:32:490:32:54

-The masters insisted

-they cover their bare breasts.

0:32:550:32:59

-At least Ella's hat is a symbol

-of the tribe's tradition.

0:33:020:33:06

-It signifies the cattle's horns.

0:33:070:33:11

-The attire has since become part

-of the Herero's identity...

0:33:110:33:16

-..and the tribeswomen are very proud

-of their dressmaking skills.

0:33:160:33:21

-Her skill as a seamstress

-is the mark of a good wife.

0:33:220:33:25

-I made all these clothes myself.

0:33:250:33:28

-My mother taught me.

0:33:280:33:31

-I used to sit next to her

-and watch her as she sewed.

0:33:320:33:35

-This is the outfit I wear to town.

0:33:400:33:42

-I wear this during the ceremonies to

-remember the Herero's lost heroes.

0:33:440:33:49

-One, two...

0:33:520:33:54

-Counting the many outfits

-is a tradition here.

0:33:570:34:00

-It's worthy of pride.

0:34:020:34:04

-I think the dress says it all.

-Happiness.

0:34:070:34:10

-Thank you.

0:34:120:34:14

-The Tjiavezes

-rely on their livestock.

0:34:170:34:20

-Each day they must ensure

-there is enough water for them.

0:34:200:34:25

-But Festus isn't the only one...

0:34:280:34:31

-..who knows this well's whereabouts.

0:34:310:34:34

-The desert's elephants

-need water too.

0:34:370:34:40

-It's a problem

-because once the elephants come...

0:34:440:34:48

-..if there's no water,

-they cause damage...

0:34:480:34:52

-..and throw sand everywhere.

0:34:520:34:54

-That's what happened

-to this water trough.

0:34:560:34:59

-The battle for water...

0:35:000:35:02

-..is a result of climate change.

0:35:020:35:05

-Elephants and people

-are pitted against each other...

0:35:050:35:09

-..in frighteningly destructive ways.

0:35:090:35:12

-Festus has just told me

-about the night he was away...

0:35:140:35:18

-..tending to his goats...

0:35:180:35:20

-..when Ella heard the elephant

-coming up the road.

0:35:200:35:25

-It ate from that tree over there...

0:35:250:35:28

-..infiltrated the goats' pen

-and singled one out.

0:35:290:35:33

-Unfortunately he threw the goat up

-in the air and trod on the poor dab.

0:35:330:35:39

-I can imagine how frightened Ella

-must have been of the elephant...

0:35:390:35:43

-..because I've heard

-the sound with my own ears.

0:35:440:35:47

-I imagine it even frightens those...

0:35:470:35:50

-..who are used to seeing

-these huge creatures.

0:35:500:35:54

-But elephants are suffering too,

-and not only from a lack of water.

0:35:550:35:59

-Although it's illegal...

0:36:000:36:02

-..it's fashionable...

0:36:020:36:04

-..to come to the Namib

-to hunt elephant.

0:36:050:36:08

-It's no wonder these wild creatures

-react with ferocity.

0:36:100:36:15

-It'd be a travesty for the Namib

-if the Herero lost the desire...

0:36:180:36:23

-..to live alongside

-the elephants in the desert.

0:36:230:36:27

-Thank goodness

-there's a scheme in place...

0:36:270:36:30

-..to give local people the chance to

-study the elephant in its habitat.

0:36:300:36:36

-Ella and I...

0:36:400:36:42

-..join a safari that brings humans

-face to face with wild elephants.

0:36:420:36:47

-The elephants

-are at that hill there.

0:36:480:36:51

-I have to admit,

-I'm uneasy about this.

0:36:590:37:02

-I'm nervous, especially

-being in this open vehicle.

0:37:020:37:06

-But at the end of the day...

0:37:060:37:08

-..I really hope

-I get to see a few elephants.

0:37:080:37:13

-At last, here they are.

0:37:160:37:19

-For many of the group...

0:37:270:37:29

-..this is the closest

-they've come to an elephant.

0:37:290:37:32

-I've always considered myself

-very lucky.

0:37:480:37:52

-I've been on exciting adventures

-and travelled the world...

0:37:520:37:56

-..but honestly,

-from the bottom of my heart...

0:37:560:37:59

-..this is one of

-the best things I've ever seen.

0:38:000:38:03

-I feel very privileged.

0:38:040:38:06

-And despite

-Ella's unfortunate episode...

0:38:060:38:10

-..with an elephant at home...

0:38:100:38:13

-..she's changed her mind.

0:38:130:38:15

-I was afraid of them, at first.

0:38:160:38:18

-But having come close to them...

0:38:190:38:21

-..I'm starting to get used to them.

0:38:210:38:24

-They're very handsome.

0:38:270:38:29

-But, of course, not all of them

-react in the same way...

0:38:300:38:36

-..which highlights the need

-for this unique scheme.

0:38:360:38:40

-When the elephant threw dust...

0:38:430:38:45

-..like he was trying to determine

-the direction of the wind...

0:38:450:38:49

-..my heart was racing.

0:38:500:38:52

-I was scared. My body

-was warm and cold at the same time.

0:38:570:39:01

-I'm still shaking.

0:39:060:39:08

-Face to face with the elephants

-of the Namib Desert.

0:39:160:39:21

-This is one of

-the best experiences of my life.

0:39:250:39:29

-.

0:39:360:39:36

-Subtitles

0:39:390:39:39

-Subtitles

-

-Subtitles

0:39:390:39:41

-The mountains of the Namib

-hide a wealth of treasures.

0:39:440:39:48

-10% of the world's uranium supply

-lies beneath them.

0:39:530:39:56

-In the north, surrounding

-Namibia's highest peaks...

0:39:580:40:02

-..they mine for precious gems.

0:40:030:40:05

-But it is not the concern

-of major companies...

0:40:070:40:10

-..but family-run businesses.

0:40:110:40:13

-Before I leave the Namib...

0:40:140:40:16

-..I visit

-the Brandberg Mountain region...

0:40:170:40:20

-..to witness how a family

-is able to survive in the desert.

0:40:200:40:24

-Hello, how are you?

0:40:240:40:27

-Good morning.

0:40:270:40:28

-Good morning.

-

-I'm Ras. Pleased to meet you.

0:40:280:40:30

-Lowri. Hello.

0:40:310:40:33

-This is Martha.

0:40:330:40:35

-Ras and Martha

-have raised their family...

0:40:350:40:38

-..in this remote wilderness.

0:40:380:40:41

-Although breakfast time at the

-Greef home seems pretty civilised...

0:40:420:40:47

-Can I sit here?

0:40:470:40:49

-..they acknowledge this way of life

-isn't to everybody's liking.

0:40:500:40:55

-The desert doesn't suit everybody.

0:40:590:41:01

-When you look

-at the wilderness around you...

0:41:020:41:05

-..and then place yourself

-in that wilderness...

0:41:050:41:09

-..you realize

-how small you actually are.

0:41:090:41:12

-The desert

-has a profound effect on a person.

0:41:120:41:15

-It makes you resilient...

0:41:160:41:18

-..and forces you to adapt.

0:41:180:41:20

-The desert

-doesn't change for anyone.

0:41:200:41:23

-It hasn't rained here for two years.

0:41:300:41:33

-A shortage of water

-is the family's biggest concern.

0:41:330:41:37

-They have to travel

-around 50 miles once a week...

0:41:370:41:41

-..to fetch water in order to live.

0:41:410:41:44

-After the dishes are washed,

-it's time for homework.

0:41:440:41:47

-Instead of sending

-their children away to school...

0:41:490:41:53

-..Martha and Ras have decided

-to tutor their children at home...

0:41:530:41:59

-..in order

-to keep the family unit together.

0:41:590:42:03

-While Mam

-turns her attention to teaching...

0:42:030:42:07

-..Dad is eager to begin his work.

0:42:080:42:10

-Ultimately, it is the quarry

-which sustains the family.

0:42:240:42:27

-If you need to move a mountain,

-all you need is simple equipment...

0:42:280:42:32

-..elbow grease

-and plenty of dedication.

0:42:320:42:35

-For the most stubborn rocks...

0:42:380:42:40

-..a pinch of gunpowder

-comes in handy.

0:42:410:42:43

-Within the rock, they hope to find

-diamond or crystal.

0:42:520:42:56

-The more, the better.

0:42:560:42:58

-It's very pretty.

0:43:000:43:02

-Very pretty, Ras.

0:43:030:43:05

-Demand for gems is on the rise...

0:43:050:43:08

-..but do we truly appreciate

-the effort required to produce them?

0:43:080:43:12

-These men have been working

-since the early hours...

0:43:170:43:21

-..in this intense heat,

-searching for their fortune.

0:43:210:43:25

-These are

-the fruits of their hard labour.

0:43:250:43:28

-I must admit, I have the utmost

-respect for every one of them.

0:43:280:43:32

-They work incredibly hard...

0:43:330:43:36

-..without the aid

-of modern machines.

0:43:370:43:40

-Each of them

-dreams of making his fortune...

0:43:410:43:44

-..but this isn't the end product.

0:43:440:43:47

-The hard work has only just begun.

0:43:470:43:50

-They must mould and polish the gems.

0:43:520:43:56

-Martha and daughter Ella

-ensure that the family...

0:43:560:43:59

-..profits fully

-from the men's hard work.

0:44:000:44:03

-Shaping the stone

-increases its value.

0:44:050:44:08

-If we make it a labour of love

-and put in a lot of effort...

0:44:120:44:16

-..we'll get

-a better price for our labour.

0:44:160:44:19

-It's very meticulous work

-but the results are rewarding.

0:44:220:44:26

-They can sometimes make

-a substantial profit.

0:44:270:44:30

-The size of this crystal...

0:44:330:44:35

-..and the fact it's set within

-another crystal makes it valuable.

0:44:360:44:40

-It's of a very high quality

-and no imperfections.

0:44:420:44:45

-It's nice to see Brandberg produce.

0:44:500:44:52

-As our final sunrise

-in the desert approaches...

0:44:520:44:56

-..the place lives up to its name.

0:44:560:44:58

-Brandberg - Fire Mountain.

0:44:590:45:02

-Before they relax, there is one

-necessary task they must complete.

0:45:080:45:13

-They must ensure

-there are no unwelcome guests.

0:45:140:45:17

-I can't remember

-how many times I've been bitten.

0:45:180:45:21

-It must be more than 100.

0:45:210:45:23

-The worst thing is being bitten...

0:45:250:45:28

-..by the large black Parabuthus.

0:45:280:45:31

-You're ill for three days.

0:45:310:45:33

-You're ill for three days.

-

-Yes, skerpioen!

0:45:330:45:35

-The word is the same in Afrikaans.

0:45:360:45:39

-If you think I'm looking nervous,

-I've good reason.

0:45:410:45:44

-For me, the creature itself

-is as vile as the sound of its name!

0:45:450:45:49

-But eventually it's safe

-to light the fire...

0:45:500:45:54

-..prepare the meat

-and enjoy the barbecue.

0:45:540:45:58

-They say

-they live a simple life here...

0:46:020:46:04

-..but having seen their devotion

-to the land and to one another...

0:46:040:46:09

-..I believe

-they lead a privileged life.

0:46:090:46:12

-Dankie, Martha.

0:46:120:46:15

-SHE SPEAKS AFRIKAANS

0:46:150:46:17

-Martha has just said, "Welcome to

-the hotel of 1,000 stars."

0:46:180:46:22

-Anybody who's ever crossed the Namib

-will never forget the experience.

0:46:240:46:29

-The striking landscape, the beauty

-of its wildlife, and the people...

0:46:330:46:38

-..are among some of the warmest,

-most welcoming people...

0:46:380:46:42

-..I've ever met.

0:46:430:46:45

-I've learnt that no matter how

-strong and experienced you may be...

0:46:470:46:52

-..you'll never ever

-win the battle over nature.

0:46:520:46:56

-But with respect, you can

-survive its extreme conditions.

0:47:000:47:04

-I've experienced pure silence here.

0:47:110:47:13

-The journey

-has certainly enriched my life.

0:47:130:47:17

-For me, the Namib Desert is

-somewhere where the soul can rest.

0:47:170:47:23

-S4C Subtitles by Adnod Cyf.

0:47:590:48:01

-.

0:48:010:48:02

Lowri Morgan sy'n teithio i'r Namib ac yn rhyfeddu at anifeiliaid yr anialwch hynafol yma. Lowri Morgan travels to the Namib Desert to see the animals and meet the local people.