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ELEGANT, DREAMY JAZZ PLAYS
In 1935, Ed Murrow began his career with CBS.
When World War II broke out, it was his voice
that brought the Battle of Britain home to us
through his This Is London radio series.
He started with us all, many of us here tonight,
when television was in its infancy,
with the news documentary show See It Now.
He threw stones at giants.
Segregation, exploitation of migrant workers,
apartheid, J Edgar Hoover,
not the least of which,
his historical fight with Senator McCarthy.
He is the host of our enormously popular show Person To Person.
he is here with his son Casey, wife Janet,
and all of you who he's worked with, inspired,
lectured and taught.
Ladies and gentlemen,
the Radio-Television News Directors
Association & Foundation welcomes
Mr Edward R Murrow.
This might just do nobody any good.
At the end of this discourse,
a few people may accuse this reporter
of fouling his own comfortable nest,
and your organisation may be accused
of having given hospitality
to heretical and even dangerous ideas.
But the elaborate structure of networks,
advertising agencies and sponsors
will not be shaken or altered.
It is my desire, if not my duty,
to try to talk to you journeymen with some candour
about what is happening to radio and television.
And if what I say is responsible,
I alone am responsible for the saying of it.
Our history will be what we make of it.
And if there are any historians about 50 or 100 years from now,
and there should be preserved the kinescopes
of one week of all three networks,
they will there find,
recorded in black and white and in colour,
evidence of decadence, escapism and insulation
from the realities of the world in which we live.
We are currently wealthy, fat, comfortable and complacent.
We have a built-in allergy
to unpleasant or disturbing information.
Our mass media reflect this.
But unless we get up off our fat surpluses
and recognise that television in the main
is being used to distract, delude, amuse and insulate us,
then television and those who finance it,
those who look at it and those who work at it,
may see a totally different picture too late.
MUSIC: "TV Is The Thing This Year" by Dianne Reeves
# If you wanna have fun come home with me
# You can stay all night and play with my TV
# TV is the thing this year
# TV is the thing this year
# Radio was great but it's out-of-date
# TV is the thing this year
# Last night I was watchin' ol' Tom Mix
# My TV broke I was in a fix
# I got on the phone I called my man
# Said, "Get here, Daddy as fast as you can
# TV is the thing this year
# TV is the thing this year
# Radio was great but it's out-of-date
# TV is the thing this year. #
Up until a year ago... - Millie.
..he was typing with one finger.
Millie, just the person I wanted to see. Come here.
# Yeah TV is the thing this year... #
This needs to go to the top of the Roy Campanella piece.
Gimme about a half an hour. Half an hour?
No, I need it quicker than that. Can I get a cup of coffee first?
Please. Come on. Oh, get me a cup of coffee.
Oh, m... I have some new notes
that go with the Tito footage for Fred.
- Fred's not in for about an hour. - I already put 'em on his desk.
Can you just make sure that... he doesn't look at the film
until he reads the notes? Thank you.
Hey, Joe, Shirley.
- Hey. - John.
What's goin' on in here?
JOE: What do you mean?
Two attractive people alone in the copy room.
Don't tell Paley, he'll fire me. Both of us, Shirley.
We'll see. Rules are made to be broken.
You can afford to say that. JOHN LAUGHS
QUIETLY: Let me see this.
It's simply a loyalty oath. To CBS?
And to America.
You promise to be a loyal American?
All of the reporters have signed this.
Who are you promising this to? CBS, Paley?
Fred signed it. Murrow signed it.
Murrow signed it. Murrow signed it? Yeah.
"Are you now or have you ever been...?"
I thought it was a joke, but there's a lot of pressure.
"...that appear on the Attorney General's list
of subversive groups"? I don't know.
Let's think. What is it really saying?
Is it a civil-liberties issue or censorship?
I'm simply stating to CBS that I'm not a communist.
Murrow signed this? Yeah. And Fred and Stanton.
Well, maybe you should talk to Murrow.
Maybe I should sign it.
If you...if you don't sign this, are you and I a target?
If I don't sign it, they'll fire me.
Finally, we can tell everyone the truth.
KEEFE (ON TV): If I could express it
in what's in my heart right now,
I'd do it in the terms of the poet who once said:
"Ah, tis but a dainty flower I bring to you
"yes, tis but a violet glistening with dew
"but still in its heart there lie beauties concealed
"so in our heart
"our love for you
You know, I used to...
..pride myself on the idea that I was a bit...
Especially over the past...
18 or 19 months, when we've been kicked around
and bullwhipped and damned.
I didn't think that...
..I could be touched very deeply...
FRIENDLY: OK, that's enough. That's enough, Leo.
How long is the piece? What's it at now, Millie?
It's about four minutes now, but we can cut it down.
PALMER: It can't stand alone,
but it might be a nice companion piece.
Let's go through this one more time. Palmer?
Yep. Got a call from the office of Senator Morse this morning.
Interested in setting up a debate,
possibly with Senator Kerr, over some of the comments
Benson made on last night's show.
Secretary of Agriculture. I think that's a good idea.
Can they do it by this week?
No, it would have to be two weeks at the earliest,
depending on Morse's schedule.
But, uh, still think it's a great idea.
Let's follow up on that.
The "Hoover speaks on Benjamin Franklin" piece?
Well, we re having better luck with Mr Benjamin Franklin
than we are with Mr Hoover.
It may progress better as a person-to-person.
"At home with Ben Franklin." His electricity awards...
ZOUSMER: We've got the footage. They need to contact him.
FRIENDLY: See if you can get in touch with him
and get the shot, he wants to do the story. Joe?
Remember, Delbert Clark, no longer with us.
FRIENDLY: New York Times?
Right, our friend at The Times. WILLIAMS: When?
This is yesterday morning. They're saying it's, uh...
How old was he? 53.
Illness. Uh, sudden illness.
Home of a friend. No, it's not an obit piece.
Natalie, send some flowers over there from CBS news.
Couple things: "Case before the supreme court
"involving the constitutionality
"of a section of the internal security act
"provides for the deportation of any alien
"if he becomes a communist after entering this country."
No takers? WOMAN LAUGHS, MOCK SNORING
"McCarthy interrupting his wedding trip
"to take charge of the investigation
"of communist infiltration."
FRIENDLY: Natalie, send some flowers.
Poor Mrs McCarthy. May I finish?
It's national security. A real ladies' man.
SCOTT: Well, they're in love. They're in love.
FRIENDLY: We have no show for Tuesday, fellas.
So get out there and make some news.
Rob a bank. Mug an old lady. Do something.
You guys look at the Secretary Stevens footage?
Watch it all the way to the end. It's worth it.
Thank you, John.
There's not much there.
I can tie it to the "Eisenhower in the back of the train" piece.
You ever spend any time in Detroit, Fred?
There s a story here in The Detroit News,
Kid named Milo Radulovich.
Air Force kicked him out
because his dad read some Serbian newspaper.
His dad a communist? I don't know.
Who brought the charges? Air Force.
Charges were in a sealed envelope.
Nobody saw them. Not even at the hearing?
He was declared guilty without a trial
and told, if he wanted to keep his job,
he had to denounce his father and his sister.
Thank you, Natalie.
Yeah, he told them to take a hike.
Let's send Joe and Charlie down there,
see if he s any good on camera.
Is he being brought before the Committee?
Then it's not McCarthy.
WERSHBA: What happens to your children...
that is, your five-year-old and your five-month-old...
..in terms of you? Yes, if I am being judged
on my relatives, if...
Are my children going to be asked to denounce me?
Are they going to be judged
on what their father was labelled?
Are they going to...
have to explain to their friends, et cetera,
why their father is a security risk?
If...if...if the thing is let stand as...
as the first recommendation was sent out by the board,
I see a chain reaction
that has no end to anybody for anybody.
Well, that's new.
I don't think you can call this a neutral piece.
The other side's been represented well
for the last couple years.
We tried to talk to the Air Force.
They haven't gone on the record. You just want to forego
the standards you've stuck to for 15 years?
Both sides, no commentary. We all editorialise...
I'm just identifying what you're both doing.
We're giving them the information up front,
and asking them to comment. Hold on, Fred.
I've searched my conscience.
I can't for the life of me find any justification for this.
And I simply cannot accept that there are, on every story,
two equal and logical sides to an argument.
Call it editorialising if you'd like.
It is editorialising, Ed. They'll have equal time.
Do you understand the position you're putting us in?
We are all in this together.
If the senate wants to investigate...
Do me this favour, Fred. Avoid any big speeches
about how we're all in a big boat together, OK?
Please don't insult me.
I have to go back to Mr Paley,
and Alcoa, who sponsors your show
and also happens to have some military contracts,
and I have to tell them
that they're going to be in a bit of a tough bind
because of a beef you had with Joe McCarthy.
We're not going at McCarthy.
Well, you're starting the goddamn fire.
NATALIE: Excuse me, gentlemen.
Mr Friendly, there's a Colonel Anderson to see you.
Colonel? Yeah, he's in your office.
How many? There's two of them.
Maybe they liked the transcript and want to compliment us on it.
Go after Joe Kennedy. We'll pay for it.
I've got a great story about Hoover.
Ah, well... You know how many Person To Persons
you're going to have to do to make up for this?
Judy and her daughter Liza next week.
No, no, no. You're interviewing Rin Tin Tin.
I'll talk to Mr Paley.
Alcoa won't pay for the ads.
And we probably won't either.
But nobody'll stop you. How much are the ads?
I'll split it with Fred.
He just won't have Christmas presents
for his kids this year.
He s a Jew.
Well, don't tell him that, he loves Christmas.
FRIENDLY: To be clear, you did speak with the lawyers?
Yes, we did. And we read the transcript.
We've not been allowed to see the footage.
We're still shooting it. Charlie Mack is on a plane
from Dexter right now with the rest of the interview.
We'll be going right down to the wire...
Your show airs tomorrow.
How can we possibly approve and check the story
that you are running in the limited amount of time
you have given us? With all due respect,
you have been invited to participate in this piece,
not to approve this piece.
We are going with the story
that says that the US Air Force
tried Milo Radulovich without one shred of evidence
and found him guilty of being a security risk without...
And you, who also have not seen the evidence,
are claiming he's not a security risk.
Wouldn't you guess
that the people who have seen the contents of that envelope...
Who? ..might have a better idea
of what makes someone a danger to his country?
Who are these people, sir?
Or should it be just you who decides?
Who are these people? Are they elected?
Are they appointed? Do they have an axe to grind?
Is it you, sir? Or you, Colonel Jenkins?
Do you know the contents of that sealed envelope?
Mr Friendly, we have been a friend and ally
of both Mr Murrow and CBS News for many years.
The story you are going to run tomorrow is without merit.
So before you take any steps that cannot be undone,
I strongly urge you to reconsider your stand.
These are very dangerous waters you are attempting to navigate.
As a matter of fact, we had no hearing at all.
We have had no day in court.
In all the 32 years
that I have been a practicing attorney in Detroit,
I have never witnessed
such a farce and travesty upon justice
as this thing has developed.
Now, this whole... Eddie, just take the first reel.
Tell John I left five-seconds extra leader.
Five-seconds extra. I got it, I got it.
Palmer, where's Joe? Have you seen Joe?
He's on his way to the control room.
We're gonna have to do the voice-over live.
Natalie, I need a booth with a live mic.
It's there, already set.
We didn't have time to sync it up.
HEWITT: That's not what I asked for.
It's front-loaded about five seconds.
It's missing the voice-over on the last piece.
Don, there's a commercial in the booth.
What do you want me to do?
Two minutes to air, fellas.
There's not supposed to be a commercial. Get him out.
You can't have a mic set up here.
You go up and do it in the booth.
Two and a half minutes on the Ed piece.
Ed, we've got three minutes on the bottom.
HEWITT: Fellas, keep it down. It's a little loud.
Two minutes to air, fellas.
Charlie, let me borrow your lighter.
WILLIAMS: I swapped those two pieces of parents on the end...
ZOUSMER: Well, as long as he talks fast.
WILLIAMS: He will talk fast.
We got the film.
Will it be ready?
Funny thing, Freddy.
Every time you light a cigarette for me, I know you're lying.
You know, it occurs to me
we might not get away with this one.
Ten seconds. You fellas ready? OK.
Ready on camera one.
four, three, two...
HEWITT: Pan, camera one.
A few weeks ago, there occurred a few obscure notices
in the newspapers about a Lieutenant Milo Radulovich,
a lieutenant in the Air Force reserves.
And also, something about Air Force regulation 35-62.
That is a regulation which states
that a man may be regarded as a security risk
if he has close and continuing association with communists
or people believed to have communist sympathies.
OVER SPEAKERS: Lieutenant Radulovich was asked to resign in August.
A board was called and heard his case.
At the end, it was recommended
that he be severed from the Air Force,
although it was also stated
that there was no question whatever
as to the lieutenant's loyalty.
We propose to examine, insofar as we can,
the case of Lieutenant Radulovich.
Our reporter, Joe Wershba, cameraman, Charlie Mack.
WERSHBA: This is the town of Dexter, Michigan. Population 1,500.
This statue is at the end...
WERSHBA CONTINUES IN THE BACKGROUND
What did the General tell you yesterday?
It was a colonel, and there were two of them.
That makes a general. They weren't too pleased.
You're gonna get audited this year.
Not me, you.
I told them I didn't want to do the story.
You always were yellow.
Better than red.
In ten seconds...
This is the sister, Margaret Radulovich Fishman.
She neither defends nor explains her political activities.
I feel that my activities,
well, be they what they may, or my political beliefs,
are my own private affair.
MILO: If, uh...?
Are my children going to be asked to, uh, denounce me?
Are they going to be judged
on what their father was labelled?
Are they going to, uh...
have to explain to their friends, et cetera,
why their father is a security risk?
I see, absolutely, uh,
that this is a chain reaction.
If the thing is let stand as...
the first recommendation was sent out by the board,
I see a chain reaction
that has no end to anybody, for anybody.
MURROW: Perhaps you will permit me
to read a few sentences just at the end
because I would like to say rather precisely what I mean.
We have told the Air Force that we will provide facilities
for any comment, criticism or corrections it may wish to make
in regard to the case of Milo Radulovich.
We are unable to judge the charges
against the Lieutenant's father or sister
because neither we, nor you, nor they, nor the lawyers,
nor the Lieutenant know precisely
what was contained in that manila envelope.
Was it hearsay, rumour, gossip, slander,
or hard ascertainable facts
that could be backed by credible witnesses?
We do not know.
We believe the son
shall not bear the iniquity of the father.
Even though that iniquity be proved,
and in this case it was not.
But we believe, too,
that this case illustrates the urgent need
for the armed forces to communicate more fully
than they have so far done,
the procedures and regulations to be followed
in attempting to protect the national security
and the rights of the individual at the same time.
Whatever happens in this whole area
of the relationship between the individual and the state,
we will do it ourselves.
It cannot be blamed on Malenkov or Mao Tse-tung,
or even our allies.
And it seems to us,
that is, Fred Friendly and myself,
that this is a subject
that should be argued about endlessly.
Good night, and good luck.
And we're out.
MUSIC: "I've Got My Eyes On You" by Dianne Reeves
# I've got
# My eyes on you
# So best beware
# Where you roam
# I've set
# My spies on you
# I'm checkin' on all you do
# From a to z
# So, darling
# Don't be wise
# Keep your eyes
# Me. #
May I tell you something about yourself,
as a member of the Person To Person audience?
Based on audience research studies,
you are well above average in education and intelligence.
Your interests are wide,
from world affairs and science to sports and show business.
And you have one characteristic
that's rather encouraging to me,
and that's the fact
that you are not easily persuaded by advertising.
Now, the makers of Kent
considered all these characteristics
when they chose Mr Murrow's programme
to tell you about Kent.
Of all leading filter cigarettes,
Kent filters best.
Now, if you'll try Kent with that in mind,
I think you'll agree with many, many other thinking people
who have changed to Kent.
They find that it makes good sense to smoke Kent
and good smoking too.
Did you get the change on that? OK.
Let's roll that... OK.
No, no. You there? OK. We got it.
ANNOUNCER(OVER SPEAKERS): Now back to Ed Murrow.
Not since the silent movies and the idols they produced
has Hollywood witnessed the sort of pilgrimage
that is now going on.
Each day, oblivious to time, weather,
and the state of the world, sightseers head in the direction
of California's San Fernando Valley.
For there, at the end of the tourist line, is Sherman Oaks,
and the home Liberace has built for himself and his mother.
This is the front,
and nobody knows how many people have seen that view.
This is the back of the house, and that's Liberace's bedroom.
Good evening, Lee.
(OVER PHONE) Good evening, Ed.
What are you doing?
Well, I'm just dictating
my weekly syndicated newspaper column and...
on my trusty tape recorder here.
I also am dictating a book.
It's an inspirational book...
What about you? Have you given much thought
to getting married and settling down?
LIBERACE: Actually, I've given a lot of thought to marriage,
but I don't believe in getting married
just for the sake of getting married.
I want to someday find the perfect mate
and settle down to, what I hope will be,
a marriage that will be blessed by faith
and will be a lasting union.
In fact, I was reading
about lovely young Princess Margaret,
and she's looking for her dream man too,
and I hope she finds him someday.
Uh-huh. Well, Lee, thanks very much
for letting us come and visit you.
It's been very pleasant.
And will you say good night to the rest of your family for us?
I certainly would. Thanks a lot.
Good night, Ed. Good night, Lee.
Next week, we'll take you to Beverly Hills, California,
to the house of Mickey Rooney and his new bride.
Until then, good night, and good luck.
MAN: Good show, Mr Murrow.
NATALIE: Excuse me, Mr Murrow.
When you have a moment, can you take a look at this
and sign it for me?
Thank you. Oh, Dr Stanton wanted to know
if you could have a drink with him.
When? Now. He's at the Pentagon Bar.
I can't. What the hell is he doing there?
I believe he's waiting for you.
Well, just call him, Natalie. That's fine.
Oppenheimer next week.
It's a good show, Ed.
Hey, Don. Ed.
You're getting good at this.
They're gonna think you like it.
Heh. Pays the bills.
How are you, Don?
Well, if she saw how good you look right now,
she'd be back.
You tell her that if you see her, will you?
I read the O'Brian piece.
Yeah, it's tough.
I'm a pinko. I slant the news.
I'm just waiting for him to say my wife left me too.
Nobody worth their salt reads him.
You read him.
Well, see, I rest my case.
Does Paley read him?
Bill Paley's not gonna do anything, Don.
Oh, I just came by to tell you
how great the lieutenant piece was.
Thanks. How's the fallout?
Mostly good, surprisingly.
Is this the start?
Are you taking sides?
It's just a little poke with a stick,
see what happens.
You let me know if I can help.
But you're a pinko, Don.
I'll see you, Ed.
SURINE: Hey, Joe, what's all this Radwich junk you're putting out?
Don, I can't talk to you right now. I gotta get this film back to New York.
What would you say if I told you Murrow was on the Soviet payroll in 1935?
Uh, Charlie, you want to...
Sure. I'll set up outside.
McCarthy going to the Eisenhower dinner?
I have no idea. I don t keep the Senator's calendar for him, Joe.
Don, ever seen... any spy films?
You don't just hand me a classified folder.
You're supposed to slip it in my briefcase when I'm not looking.
It's perfect. I didn't know who to give this information to, Paley or Murrow.
As you can imagine, Fred and I aren't very friendly.
No pun intended.
Well, no pun elocuted.
What do you got? In short?
Murrow's been a communist sympathiser since the 1930s.
Member of the International Workers,
sponsored educational trips to Moscow,
and on the Soviet payroll in 1935. It's all there.
You wanna know why that's not possible?
Why you'll lose this one, Donald?
Because everyone in this country knows
Ed Murrow is a loyal American.
He's a patriot.
Did you know the word "gullible" isn't in the dictionary, Joe?
Can I give this to him?
Oh, I'd love it. I have copies.
I think you guys go too far.
If it walks like a duck and talks like a duck.
MARY: Yes, Mr Paley.
Right away. Yes, sir.
No, he hasn't called.
Yes, sir, the second he calls.
If you're in a meeting, shall I...?
Yes, sir. Of course, sir.
Mr Paley will see you now.
Mr Paley, Mr Murrow is here.
Thank you, Miss Mary.
Hello, Ed. Bill.
Sit over here, will you?
How's Janet? Your son?
All well, thanks. How's Babe?
Oh, she's fine. She's fine.
Her fundraiser got rained on, so...
Oh. That's why I never plan on anything.
You'd never know.
I hope so. You tell me.
Well, now we know how they're gonna come at us.
That's just their first shot.
Somebody's going to go down.
Have you checked your facts?
Are you sure you're on safe ground?
Bill, it's time. Show our cards.
My cards. You lose, what happens?
Five guys find themselves out of work.
I'm responsible for a hell of a lot more
than five goddamn reporters.
Let it go.
McCarthy will self-destruct, Cohn, all of them.
Bill, you said corporate would not interfere with editorial,
and that the news was to be left our own...
We don't make the news, we report the news.
99% of the time, he's wrong about the people he's marked as communists.
And if he goes too far, the senate will investigate him,
and we will report on that. But he's wrong 100% of the time
when he oversteps people's civil liberties.
You're trying him in the press.
Does he get to face his accuser?
You've just decided on this,
and now you're presenting it as fact.
What I am doing, Bill... I write your cheque.
I put you in your country house,
and I put your son through school.
You should have told me about this
before it went so far down the road.
Every one of your boys needs to be clean.
Do you understand? No ties.
If Aaron's mother
so much as went to a group fundraiser in 1932,
he's out. Hewitt too.
Anyone in that room. You make no mistake,
I will cut them loose.
Corporate won't interfere with editorial.
But editorial will not... INTERCOM BUZZES
..jeopardise the hundreds of employees
of the Columbia Broadcasting System.
Do I make myself clear?
our next show is gonna be about Senator McCarthy.
And we re gonna go right at him.
I don't need to tell you how careful we have to be.
If we are to do this,
then Ed and I need you to be straight with us.
We need to know, for the good of the piece,
if any of you have any connection at all,
if you subscribed to a newsletter,
if you attended a party, anything.
Anything that could compromise this,
anything at all, because now would be the time to tell us.
Ed, I think I should excuse myself.
ZOUSMER: Palmer, you kidding?
PALMER: My ex was a...
well, I wouldn't say she was a communist,
but she certainly attended meetings.
It was before we were married.
I didn't even really know about it until after the divorce.
But it was different then. We were all on the same side.
I'm not telling you guys anything you don't know.
The thing of it is, somebody'll find out.
They'll hurt us with it.
I should have told you sooner, Ed. I'm sorry.
Oh, if none of us had ever read a dangerous book
or had a friend who was different,
never joined an organisation that advocated change,
we'd all be just the kind of people Joe McCarthy wants.
We're gonna go with the story,
cos the terror is right here in this room.
FRIENDLY: John, Jesse,
go through the HUAC hearings.
Eddie, Palmer, look into the interviews
and any speeches.
OK, fellas, here we go.
His own words,
that's what we need.
MCCARTHY: He wouldn't remove a general from the army
who cleared a communist major.
I said, "Then, General,
"you should be removed from any command.
"Any man who says,
"I will protect another general
"who protects communists,
"is not fit to wear that uniform, General."
WILLIAMS: All right, so hold on.
Ethically, we're fine.
But legally, if we air this,
are we leaking closed-hearing testimony?
SCOTT: Well, we're not misquoting him.
There are other reporters. I think legally we're safe.
If it's a legal issue, it's his.
SCOTT: I'll check with legal.
And wait till you hear the bleeding hearts
scream and cry about our methods
of trying to drag the truth
from those who know or should know,
who covered up
a Fifth Amendment communist major.
But they say, "Oh,
"it's all right to uncover them,
"but don't get rough doing it, McCarthy."
Did the Civil... Civil Liberties Union
provide you with an attorney at that time?
HARRIS: I had many offers of attorneys,
and one of those was from the American Civil Liberties Union, yes.
MCCARTHY: The questions is,
did they supply you with an attorney?
- They did supply an attorney.
- The answer is yes? - The answer is yes.
- You know the Civil Liberties Union
has been listed as a front for and doing the work
of the communist party?
- Mr Chairman, this was 1932.
- Yeah, I know that was 1932.
Do you know that they since have been listed
as a front for and doing the work of the communist party?
- I do not know that they have been listed.
- You don't know they have been listed?
- I have heard that mentioned...
All right, Leo. Turn it off.
ZOUSMER: I need those three cans.
FRIENDLY: Has anybody read this book yet? It would be nice
if this guy isn't actually a commie.
WILLIAMS: I wanna read the book.
WERSHBA: I hear you, boss.
I'll put it on a kinescope. Push through to the end.
FRIENDLY: Palmer, cut it at 2:30.
ZOUSMER: I prefer it one on each end, let it run through.
I think it'd be more powerful. Cut Kennedy, shorten the piece.
FRIENDLY: Joe, file it for me. I'll see the Mundt piece later.
MURROW: Are we gonna make it, Fred?
FRIENDLY: We lost the telecine, but we'll make it.
Did you finish your closing piece?
MURROW: It's Shakespeare.
FRIENDLY: Write your closing.
WERSHBA: My argument was,
if you just show the images of McCarthy,
it doesn't make any difference.
If you agree with him, you're gonna hate it.
If you don't, you'll love it.
Maybe they should wait till they get more footage.
I don't think we can take that chance.
See, we've gotta hit McCarthy before he comes after Ed.
The blue one.
Well, they haven't gone after the Alsops or Herb Block.
the Alsops and Herb Block didn't work
for the Institute of International Education in 1934.
Then I guess it's time.
I didn't think I was. Hm.
I don't know why. I was in the office on Friday.
And I answered the phone, and it was Howard calling from London.
And he asked what was going on with McCarthy.
And before I answered him
I turned and looked over my shoulder
to see who was listening.
And who was listening?
See you at the office.
Hey, your ring.
Name me another wife
who reminds her husband to take off
his wedding ring before he goes to the office.
NATALIE: Excuse me, Mr Friendly. Mr Murrow?
Uh, Mr Paley's on the line for you.
Maybe he wants to reimburse us for those ads.
Ah, you'd like that. I would like that.
This is Ed.
PALEY: There s a Knickerbocker game tonight.
I've got front row seats. Are you interested?
I'm a little busy bringing down the network tonight, Bill.
Is that tonight?
We're covered, Bill.
I'm with you today, Ed,
and I'm with you tomorrow.
Do you know the timing on this first piece?
SIMON: You have the wrong extension.
Can we hold all the calls, please, Simon?
All the calls till after the show, thank you.
MACK: You fellas awake down there?
What are we, 20?
FRIENDLY: 30 seconds.
INDISTINCT CHATTER OVER TV
FRIENDLY: Ten seconds.
FRIENDLY: Five, four,
ZOUSMER: And pan, camera one.
Because a report
on Senator McCarthy is, by definition, controversial,
we want to say exactly what we mean to say
and request your permission to read from a script
whatever remarks Murrow and Friendly may make.
If the Senator feels that we have done violence
to his words or pictures,
and desires, so to speak, to answer himself,
an opportunity will be afforded him on this programme.
Our working thesis tonight is this quotation:
"If this fight against communism has made a fight
"between America's two great political parties,
"the American people know that one of these parties will be destroyed.
"And the Republic cannot endure very long
"as a one-party system."
We applaud that statement,
and we think Senator McCarthy ought to.
He said it 17 months ago in Milwaukee.
MCCARTHY (OVER SPEAKERS): The American people realise that this cannot be made
a fight between America's two great political parties.
If this fight against communism is made a fight
against America's two great political parties,
the American people know
that one of those parties will be destroyed,
and the Republic can't endure very long
as a one-party system.
MURROW: On one thing,
the Senator has been consistent.
Often operating as a one-man committee,
he has travelled far, interviewed many,
Accused civilian and military leaders
of the past administration of a great conspiracy
to turn over the country to communism.
MCCARTHY: Well, may I say that I was extremely shocked
when I heard that Secretary Stevens
told two army officers that they...
had to take part in the cover-up
of those who promoted and coddled communists.
As I read his statement, I, uh...
thought of that quotation,
"On what meat doth this our Caesar feed?"
MCCARTHY: The question is, did the Civil Liberties Union
supply you with an attorney?
HARRIS: They did supply an attorney.
-The answer is yes?
- The answer is yes.
- Do you think this book did considerable harm,
by an expression of the views contained in it?
- The sale of that book was so abysmally small,
it was so unsuccessful,
that a question of its influence, uh...
Really, you can go back to the publisher.
You'll see it was one of the most unsuccessful books
he ever put out.
He's still sorry about it, just as I am.
- I think that's a compliment to American intelligence...
..I'll say that.
The Reed Harris hearing demonstrates
one of the Senator's techniques.
Twice he said,
"The American Civil Liberties Union was listed
"as a subversive front."
The Attorney General's list does not and never has
listed the ACLU as subversive, nor does the FBI
or any other federal government agency.
And the American Civil Liberties Union holds in its files
letters of commendation from President Truman,
President Eisenhower, and General Macarthur.
Earlier, the Senator asked,
"Upon what meat does this our Caesar feed?"
Had he looked three lines earlier in Shakespeare's Caesar,
he would have found this line,
which is not all together inappropriate.
"The fault, dear Brutus,
"is not in our stars, but in ourselves."
No one familiar with the history of this country can deny
that congressional committees are useful.
It is necessary to investigate before legislating,
but the line between investigating and persecuting
is a very fine one.
And the Junior Senator from Wisconsin
has stepped over it repeatedly.
We must not confuse dissent with disloyalty.
We must remember always that accusation is not proof,
and that conviction depends upon evidence
and due process of law.
We will not walk in fear, one of another.
We will not be driven by fear into an age of unreason.
If we dig deep in our history and our doctrine,
and remember that we are not descended from fearful men,
not from men who feared to write, to associate, to speak,
and to defend the causes that were, for the moment, unpopular.
This is no time for men who oppose Senator McCarthy's methods
to keep silent, or for those who approve.
We can deny our heritage and our history,
but we cannot escape responsibility for the results.
We proclaim ourselves, indeed as we are,
the defenders of freedom
wherever it continues to exist in the world.
But we cannot defend freedom abroad by deserting it at home.
The actions of the Junior Senator from Wisconsin
have caused alarm and dismay amongst our allies abroad
and given considerable comfort to our enemies.
And whose fault is that?
Not really his.
He didn't create this situation of fear,
he merely exploited it, and rather successfully.
Cassius was right.
"The fault, dear Brutus, is not in our stars,
"but in ourselves."
Good night, and good luck.
FRIENDLY: And we're out.
Well, maybe nobody watched.
WILLIAMS: We got nothing.
I don't know. Nothing.
SIMON: Should I turn the phones back on, Mr Williams?
Yes, I think now would be a good time for that.
Turn the phones on! PHONES RING
Turn the phones right on.
It's the Junior Senator calling collect.
Don't kid yourself. It's Reed Harris
thanking us for putting him on the best-seller list.
I don t know whether all of you have seen what I just saw,
but I want to associate myself and this programme
with what Ed Murrow has just said,
and say I have never been prouder of CBS.
HOLLENBECK: ...McCarthy said today that he would demand equal free...
PHONES STILL RING
HOLLENBECK: ...charged that the senator made demagoguery and deceit
the national policy of the Republican Party.
You got Hollenbeck?
Congratulations. Great show. Good work.
Feel like a scotch?
I think everybody could use a scotch.
MUSIC PLAYS: "You're Driving Me Crazy" by Dianne Reeves
# You You're drivin' me crazy
# What did I do?
# What did I do?
# My tears for you
# Make everything hazy
# Cloudin' the sky of blue
# How true
# Were the friends who were near me to cheer me?
# Believe me, they knew But you
# Were the one who would hurt me, desert me
# When I needed you
# Oh, you You're drivin' me crazy
# What did I do to you...? #
It's 3:30. Early editions are out.
MURROW: I'm not worried.
No, of course not.
Shirley, honey, would you go across the street
and get the early editions? All of them?
Just get O'Brian.
Hey, watch my drink.
# ..What did I do to you? #
SHIRLEY: OK, here we go.
Right on time.
SCOTT: Good. Who wrote it?
"Edward R Murrow's television programme
"on Senator Joseph R McCarthy
"was an exciting and provocative examination
"of the man and his methods.
"It was crusading journalism
"of high responsibility and courage.
"For TV so often plagued by timidity and hesitation,
"the programme was a milestone
"that reflected enlightened citizenship..."
"The programme..." Hold on.
"The programme was no less an indictment of those who wish
"the problems posed by the Senator's tactics
"and theatrics would just go away and leave them alone."
"That was Mr Murrow's and television's triumph
"and a very great one."
FRIENDLY: He hated it.
MURROW: Yeah, what's his beef, huh?
Send the New York Times a bottle of scotch.
I did. How do you think we got that review?
ZOUSMER: How's The Post?
WERSHBA: Pretty good.
What about O'Brian?
SHIRLEY: Uh, the same.
Go on, go on. Read O'Brian.
Uh, I don't have it. Got it.
Oh, here. Here we go.
"We can't say we were surprised
"at Edward R Murrow's Hate McCarthy telecast last evening,
"when his explosively one-sided propaganda,
"edited with deviously clever selectivity from McCarthy's
"march against communism, was finished last evening.
"By equally machiavellian coincidence
"the following telecast featured Murrow's PM protege, Hollenbeck.
"In an obviously gloating mood,
"Hollenbeck hoped viewers had witnessed
"his patron's triumph from and for the Left."
HOLLENBECK: Shirley, it's OK. Finish it.
No, that's it. Shirley, please.
"The Columbia Broadcasting System has been in a lengthy
"clean house of Lefties mood.
"The worst offenders on lesser levels
"have been quietly pushed out of the company.
"Don Hollenbeck, a graduate of the demised
"pinko publication PM, attacked conservative papers
"with sly and slanted propaganda.
"He then proceeded through an equally..."
"..tilted review of the day's events with McCarthy
"dominating his words, actions, attitudes."
So on, so on.
Yeah. He didn't get the scotch, that's all.
SCOTT: Grammatically correct?
I'll have that cigarette, Ed.
PALMER: Thanks, Shirley. SHIRLEY: Ah.
ZOUSMER: Thank you. Joe, Shirley.
For the leg work.
FRIENDLY: It doesn't add up.
SHE CHUCKLES To Jack Gould.
FRIENDLY: To Jack, to Jack, to Jack Gould.
SHIRLEY: I love Jack Gould!
AARON: A scholar and a gentleman.
SCOTT: May he rest in peace.
I got a hangover you wouldn't believe.
All the ad guys on the third floor watched the show.
Got a good review in The New York Times.
Switchboard lit up all night. Jack Gould.
Putting out a press release that said calls came in 15-1
in favour of the show. Really?
We got calls from everywhere.
East coast or the west coast?
Yeah. Kansas City, Cincinnati.
Good morning, Mr Paley.
How's your wife?
She's fine. Getting ready to move.
Really? Where to?
Riverdale. We found a nice house there.
Yeah. It's nice there.
McCarthy wants William Buckley to do his rebuttal.
I said no.
Radulovich has been reinstated.
Guys, guys, Radulovich has been reinstated.
AARON: Jesse, Jesse!
Where did you hear this?
Got some good news. Got some very good news.
Special announcement from the Secretary of the Air Force.
Fellas. Fellas, listen up!
"I have decided that it is consistent
"with the interests of the national security
"to retain Lieutenant Radulovich in the United States Air Force.
"He is not, in my opinion, a security risk.
CHEERS AND LAUGHTER
There you go.
Harold E Talbott, Secretary from the Air Force.
FRIENDLY: Congratulations. Great job.
Make a copy of that for me. I will do, Fred.
Good job, Don.
All right! SCOTT: this means something.
This absolutely means something, you know it does.
ZOUSMER: Absolutely. This is the start of...
The CBS lawyers wanna talk to you.
FRIENDLY: I don't want you to get paranoid.
They're talking to everybody.
PALMER: Any ideas?
Just tell them what you know.
COHN (ON TV): Now, is that testimony true?
MOSS: No, sir, it is not.
Not at any time have I been a member
of a communist party,
and I have never seen a communist card.
You've never seen a communist card?
Have you ever attended any meetings?
No, sir, I ve never attended any communist meetings.
Have you ever subscribed to The Daily Worker?
No, sir, I didn t subscribe for The Daily Worker,
and I wouldn't pay for it.
McCARTHY: Uh, now, Mrs Markward,
who was working for the FBI,
who joined the Communist Party under orders from the FBI,
has testified that while she never met you
personally at a communist meeting,
that your name was on the list
of communists who were paying dues.
Uh, can you shed any light upon that?
No, sir. I don t even know
what the dues are or where they were paid.
McCARTHY: So I understand you have never paid any money
to the Communist Party, is that correct?
You've never paid any dues...
Right, thank you, Leo. Thank you very much.
Good work, Joe, Charlie.
Now, what is the show?
Is it defending Annie Lee Moss as not being a communist?
Or is it her constitutional rights?
I think we're much better sticking up for constitutional issues.
Agreed? The woman is not a spy.
FRIENDLY: McCarthy said that they have a spy in the Pentagon,
that spy has gotten into the code room,
and that that spy is Annie Lee Moss.
I've got New York Times reports,
"McCarthy asserts he has a new red link to army."
Quote, "Senator mccarthy charged today that the army
"now employs a woman in its code room
"who was, and still may be,
an active communist," unquote.
Front page of The New York Times. Three days ago.
WERSHBA: No sooner is he done chastising the other committee members
for wanting to push it to the afternoon,
then seven questions in, he ducks out.
FRIENDLY: He leaves.
It's all over the headlines all over the country.
MURROW: Eddie, get me copies
from any newspaper that printed anything
about that assertion. Absolutely.|
FRIENDLY: Get The Cincinnati Enquirer, all of them.
Have a stack for the show.
Couple other pieces I think we should include.
The fact that there's three Annie Lee Mosses in the phone book.
There are two Robert Halls.
One's coloured, one's white.
WILLIAMS: Charlie said we have some footage of the empty chair.
That says it all. That picture of McCarthy not...
McCarthy leaving the hearing after seven questions,
and then we'll cut to the shot of the chair.
All right, so to that end...
Excuse me, fellas. Mr Murrow.
McCarthy wants April 6th.
Thank you, Natalie.
Fine. If Charlie shoots it, we get to see it first.
We should ask. We should offer.
What the hell could McCarthy possibly do?
Is he gonna debate himself? We just used his words.
Can't he use Buckley?
We used the original transcripts.
Johnny, Johnny, we know what it's going to be.
He's going to come after me. There's nothing more he can do.
He's gonna bet that a senator trumps a newsman.
FRIENDLY: He'll lose.
Well, not if we're playing bridge.
KNOCK ON DOOR
Oh, I m sorry, guys.
Didn't mean to interrupt. FRIENDLY: Hey, don.
Uh, Ed, you have a minute?
Yes, Don, I ll be right there.
FRIENDLY: All right, boys.
WERSHBA: All right, playtime's over.
We have four days to do a 28-minute show.
MURROW: Sorry. Oh, that s all right, Ed.
Hi, Mary. Hello, Mr Hollenbeck.
Give us a moment, please, dear?
HOLLENBECK: Thank you, dear. Thank you.
I have to ask you something, Ed.
It's about O'Brian.
He doesn't matter. He's killing me.
Doesn't matter in the newsroom.
It's not just him. We ought to let that guy have it.
We have to expose O'Brian.
I will not take on McCarthy and Hearst.
I can't defeat them both.
Just don't read the papers.
Or don't read O'Brian, anyway.
I guess not.
I'm sorry, Don.
Although Miss Moss offered to testify...
Senator Mundt, South Dakota.
...Senator McCarthy suggested that she was too sick...
Mr Cohn wanted to know about Mrs Moss's connection...
McCARTHY: Do you solemnly swear to tell the truth,
the whole truth, and nothing but the truth,
so help you God?
COHN: May we get your full name for the record, please?
Annie Lee Moss.
McCARTHY: Mrs Moss, let me say for the record,
for your information,
for the information of your counsel,
that you are not here because...
you are considered important in the communist apparatus.
We have the testimony that you are a...
have been a communist.
We are rather curious, however, to know that
how you suddenly, uh, were shifted from,
uh, a worker in a cafeteria to the code room.
In other words,
I am today much more interested
in the handling of your case by your superiors
than in your own personal activities.
However, counsel will question you
about your own activities also.
MAN: Uh, Mr Chairman...
We will not hear from counsel.
You have been told what the rule is.
If you have anything to say, say it through your client.
COHN: Did you begin work at the general accounting office in,
And, uh, prior to that time,
had you been a cafeteria worker?
Yes, I had.
Uh, while in the Pentagon, since 1950,
have you had any connections with coded messages?
Have you ever handled coded messages?
No more than to transmit 'em.
No more than to transmit the message.
Than to transmit them? Mm-hmm.
Did you transmit codes?
Receive or to transmit messages was all I had to do.
And then the courtroom,
I've never been into a courtroom in my life.
McCARTHY: Do you know the, uh... type of classification...?
Do you know if they were secret, top-secret, confidential?
Other words, you wouldn't know
the degree of classification?
No, sir. I see.
HE CLEARS THROAT
I'm afraid I'm going to have to excuse myself,
I've got, uh,
a rather important appointment tonight,
which I've got to work on right now,
and I wonder if, Senator Mundt,
you would take over as chairman.
Chairman, uh... MUNDT: Cohn?
..I have no further questions of this witness at this time.
I can say this, we have the testimony
of Mrs Markward, the undercover agent for the FBI,
stating that Annie Lee Moss was a member,
a due-paying member of the Communist Party,
uh, the Northeast Club of the Communist Party.
We have corroboration of that testimony
by another witness,
who was called before the committee
and gave a sworn statement to the effect
that she also knew Mrs Moss
as a member of the Northeast Club of the Communist Party.
She's already lost her job.
She's been suspended because of this action.
I'm not defending her.
If she's a communist, I want her exposed.
But to make these statements
as we've got corroborating evidence
that she is a communist,
under these circumstances, I think she's entitled
to have it produced here in her presence
and let the public know about it
and let her know about it.
McCLELLAN: I don't like to try people by hearsay evidence.
I'd like to get the witnesses here and try them...
...by testimony under oath.
MUNDT: The chair will rule that the comment of Mr Cohn
be stricken from the record.
Well, I didn't ask that. Mr Chairman.
MUNDT: ...Whether we should try to produce a witness in public
because the FBI may have her undercover,
and we don t want to...
You can't strike these statements made by counsel here
as to evidence that we're having and withholding.
You cannot strike that from the press,
nor from the public mind once it's planted there.
That's the... that is the, uh...
evil of it.
I don't think it's fair to a witness,
to a citizen of this country, to bring 'em up here
and cross-examine 'em, then when they get through, say,
"The FBI has got something on you that condemns you."
MUNDT: The chair agrees...
It is not sworn testimony,
it's convicting people by rumour and hearsay and innuendo.
You will notice
that neither Senator McClellan or Senator Symington,
nor this reporter,
know or claim that Mrs Moss was or is a communist.
Their claim was simply that she had the right
to meet her accusers face to face.
MURROW: 'One month ago tonight,
'we presented a report on Senator Joseph R McCarthy.
'We labeled it as controversial.
'Most of that report
'consisted of words and pictures of the senator.
'At that time we said,
'if the senator believes
'we have done violence to his words or pictures,
'if he desires to speak, to answer himself,
'an opportunity would be afforded him on this programme.
'The senator sought the opportunity, asked for a delay of three weeks'
because he said he was very busy,
and he wished adequate time to prepare his reply. We agreed.
We placed no restrictions on the manner or method
of the presentation of his reply,
and we suggested that we would not take time
to comment on this particular programme.
Here now is Senator Joseph R McCarthy,
Junior Senator from Wisconsin.
McCARTHY (OVER SPEAKERS): Uh, good evening.
Mr Edward R Murrow, educational director
of the Columbia Broadcasting System,
devoted his programme to an attack on the work
of the United States Senate investigating committee,
and on me personally as its chairman.
Now, over the past four years,
he has made repeated attacks upon me
and those fighting communists.
Now, of course, neither Joe McCarthy,
nor Edward R Murrow,
is of any great importance as individuals.
We are only important in our relation
to the great struggle
to preserve our American liberties.
ordinarily, I would not take time out
from the important work at hand to answer Murrow.
However, in this case, I feel justified in doing so
because Murrow is the symbol, the leader,
and the cleverest of the jackal pack,
which is always found
at the throat of anyone who dares to expose
individual communists and traitors.
And I am compelled by the facts
to say to you that Mr Edward R Murrow,
as far back as 20 years ago,
was engaged in propaganda for communist causes.
For example, the Institute of International Education,
of which he was the acting director,
was chosen to act as a representative
by a Soviet agency to do a job
which would normally be done by the Russian secret police.
Now, Mr Murrow, by his own admission, was a member of the IWW.
That's the Industrial Workers of the World,
a terrorist organisation cited as subversive
by an Attorney General of the United States.
Now, Mr Murrow said on this programme...
and I quote,
he said, "The actions of the Junior Senator from Wisconsin
"have given considerable comfort to the enemy."
That is the language of our statute of treason,
rather strong language.
If I am giving comfort to our enemies,
I ought not to be in the Senate.
If on the other hand,
Mr Murrow is giving comfort to our enemies,
he ought not to be brought into the homes
of millions of Americans
by the Columbia Broadcasting System.
And I want to assure you that I will not be deterred
by the attacks of the Murrows, the Lattimores, the Fosters,
The Daily Worker, or the Communist Party itself.
And I make no claim to leadership.
In complete humility,
I do ask you and every American who loves this country
to join with me.
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Last week, Senator McCarthy appeared on this programme
to correct any errors
he might have thought we made in our report of March 9th.
Since he made no reference
to any statements of fact that we made,
we must conclude that he found no errors of fact.
He proved again that anyone who exposes him,
anyone who does not share his hysterical disregard
for decency and human dignity
and the rights guaranteed by the constitution,
must be either a communist or a fellow traveller.
I fully expected this treatment.
The senator added this reporter's name
to a long list of individuals and institutions
he has accused of serving the communist cause.
His proposition is very simple:
anyone who criticises or opposes Senator McCarthy's methods
must be a communist.
And if that be true,
there are an awful lot of communists in this country.
For the record, let's consider briefly
some of the senator's charges.
He claimed, but offered no proof,
that I had been a member of the Industrial Workers of the World.
That is false.
I was never a member of the IWW, never applied for membership.
The senator charged that Professor Harold Laski,
a British scholar and politician, dedicated a book to me.
He is dead.
He was a socialist. I am not.
He was one of those civilised individuals who did not insist
upon agreement with his political principles
as a pre-condition for conversation or friendship.
I do not agree with his political ideas.
Laski, as he makes clear in the introduction,
dedicated the book to me
not because of political agreement,
but because he held
my wartime broadcasts from London in high regard,
and the dedication so reads.
I believed 20 years ago and I believe today
that mature Americans can engage in conversation and controversy,
the clash of ideas,
with communists anywhere in the world
without becoming contaminated or converted.
I believe that our faith,
our conviction, our determination,
are stronger than theirs,
and that we can compete, and successfully,
not only in the area of bombs, but in the area of ideas.
I have worked for CBS for more than 19 years.
The company has subscribed fully
to my integrity and responsibility
as a broadcaster and as a loyal American.
I require no lectures
from the Junior Senator from Wisconsin
as to the dangers or terrors of communism.
Having searched my conscience and my files,
I cannot contend that I have always been right or wise,
but I have attempted to pursue the truth with some diligence
and to report it.
Even though, as in this case,
I had been warned in advance that I would be subjected
to the attentions of Senator McCarthy.
We shall hope to deal with matters
of more vital interest to the country next week.
Good night, and good luck.
ZOUSMER: "In the last analysis, the senator was perched
"on the television high dive
"and all prepared to make a resounding splash.
"He jumped beautifully, but he neglected
"to check first where he was going going to land.
"It must have been something of a shock
"to discover that Mr Murrow
"had drained the water out of the pool."
Is that The Times - Gould?
Yeah, Jack Gould at The Times.
Wow, he's a hell of a writer.
Hire him. If we could afford him!
Stan's got a public opinion...
The Senate's investigating McCarthy.
The Army's charging that McCarthy and Cohn
exercised undue pressure to get
preferential treatment for Schine. Who's the source? >
You have a second source?
There's not a second source but this is coming out on the wire in 2 hours.
Who's heading the investigation?
Well, it's not gonna be McCarthy!
Call The Washington Post. Get a second source.
Hey, it's Palmer Williams for Jack Thompson.
The senate's investigating McCarthy.
There is an added bit of comedy to this story.
The committee cannot convene for several days because McCarthy
has a slight case of laryngitis... REPORTERS: Aw!
..and he must recover in the desert air of Arizona.
But stevens is going after him,
and it looks like Joe Welch. Yeah?
They're gonna allow each side to call witnesses
and be privy to other testimony.
SCOTT: Hey, Fred, can we start the meeting when I get back?
We're gonna go talk to Thompson.
(QUIETLY) No. Thanks, Jack. Bye.
Well, Freddy, we're a hit.
Right up there with howdy-doody, huh?
AARON: Can I have an outside line, please?
< Uh, Murray Hill... 3-1-2-7-6.
# Somewhere there's music
# How faint the tune... #
"The fact of newscaster Don Hollenbeck s suicide yesterday
"does not remove from the record
"the peculiar history of the leftist slanting of the news
"indulged consistently by the Columbia Broadcasting System.
"Hollenbeck was what most astute students
"of CBS's strange and questionable new methods
"considered typical of its newscasters.
"By Jack O'Brian."
# ..When love is far away too
# Till it comes true
# That you love me
# As I love you
# Somewhere there's music
# It's where you are
# Somewhere there's heaven
# How near
# How far
# The darkest night
# Would shine if you
# Would come to me soon
# Until you will
# How still my heart
# How high
# The moon. #
SINGER: Oh, yeah. I like it like that.
MURROW: 'One of the best programmes I ever heard
'was called CBS Views The Press.'
A great many people liked it. Some didn't.
But no-one ever called it anything but honest.
It was the work of an honest reporter,
He also worked occasionally on See It Now.
He did the 11 P.M. news over some of these stations.
He had been sick lately, and he died this morning.
The police said it was suicide.
Not much of an obit,
but at least we got our facts straight,
and it was brief.
And that's all Don Hollenbeck would have asked.
Good night, and good luck.
WERSHBA: I gotta be in Philadelphia this morning.
What time is your train?
Charlie going with you?
Here's a thought...
what if we're wrong?
We're not wrong.
I'm not gonna look back...
and say we protected the wrong side?
Protected them from what?
In the name of what? What would we be preserving?
Argument could be made, for the greater good.
Not once you give it all away.
It's no good then.
Hm. It's just a thought.
WELCH: Senator, may we not drop this?
We know he belonged to the Lawyers Guild.
Mr Cohn nods his head at me.
I did you, I think, no personal injury, Mr Cohn.
I meant to do you no personal injury.
And if I did, I beg your pardon.
Let us not assassinate this lad further, Senator.
McCARTHY: Well, let's...
You've done enough.
Have you no sense of decency, sir?
At long last, have you left no sense of decency?
I know this hurts you, Mr Welch.
WELCH: Senator, I think it hurts you too, sir.
McCARTHY: I'd like to finish this.
WELCH: Have you some private reservation when you take the oath
that you will tell the whole truth
that lets you be the judge of what you will testify to?
The answer is there's no reservation about telling the whole truth.
Thank you, sir.
Then tell us who delivered the documents to you.
WOMAN (ON TV): 'I don't want to mean
'that this new fashion is not... is not chic.
'I think is just no good for me.'
Uh, not for you.
Uh, Milko, anything you care to say on that subject?
MAN: I think no comment.
MILLIE: It's gotta be here.
SHIRLEY: If you can't find it, I can't write about it. Check again.
Charlie said he dropped it off.
Shirley, can I see you a minute?
I gotta call you back.
Joe, you too.
Close the door.
Have a seat.
How are you?
Fine, thank you. Swell. Yeah.
Uh, you both are aware that there's a policy here at CBS
that no two employees can be married.
I want to ask you both a question, but I don't want you to answer it.
I want you to just consider it.
I know you two are married.
That's not my question.
Um, in the next few weeks I have to lay off a couple of people.
We're making some significant cuts across the board.
I wanted you to know that
because you could save someone else being fired.
I'm asking you to, uh, consider
making this decision a little easier.
I don't need an answer now.
Just... think about it.
Well, Joe... Well?
I'm sure gonna miss you around here.
Yeah, I'll pack my things.
I think it's for the best.
Well, we'll find out.
MURROW: Natalie, did he say what it was about?
NATALIE: No, Mr Murrow, just that he wanted to talk to you in his office.
The problem isn't simply that you've lost your sponsor.
With ALCOA, See It Now still loses money...
FRIENDLY: Mr Paley, the fee is 50,000.
Last week's episode we did for less than 50,000...
Fred, you're speaking beyond your competence.
We'll find another sponsor.
We can certainly find someone who wants to...
64,000 Question brings in over 80,000 in sponsors,
and it costs one third of what you do.
Ed, I ve got Tuesday night programming that's number one.
People want to enjoy themselves. They don't want a civics lesson.
MURROW: What do YOU want, Bill?
I don't wanna get a constant stomach ache
every time you take on a controversial subject.
I'm afraid that's the price you have to be willing to pay.
Let's walk very carefully through these next few moments.
The content of what we're doing is more important
than what some guy in Cincinnati...
What you re doing, Ed. Not me. Not Frank Stanton, you.
CBS News, See It Now, all belong to you, Bill.
You wouldn't know it.
What is it you want? Credit?
I never censored a single programme.
I hold on to affiliates who wanted entertainment from us.
I fight to keep the licence
with the very same politicians that you were bringing down,
and I never, never said no to you.
I would argue that we have done very well by one another.
I would argue that this network...
is defined by what the news department has accomplished.
And I would also argue that never saying no
is not the same as not censoring.
Really? You should teach journalism.
You and Mr Friendly.
Let me ask you this...
why didn't you correct McCarthy
when he said that Alger Hiss was convicted of treason?
He was only convicted of perjury.
You corrected everything else.
Did you not want the appearance of defending a known communist?
I would argue that everyone censors, including you.
What do you want to do, Bill?
I'm taking your programme from a half an hour to an hour.
And it won't be a weekly programme and it won't be Tuesday nights.
When would it be?
How many episodes?
Why don't you just fire me, Bill?
I don't think it's what either of us wants.
You owe me five shows.
MURROW: You won't like the subject matter.
Fred, I ll need you for a moment.
FRIENDLY: Thank you, Mary.
MARY: Good night, Mr Friendly.
He wants me to lay a few people off.
I'm sure he does.
Let's do our first show about the downfall of television.
Senate's going to vote to censor McCarthy tomorrow.
And then what happens?
He sits in the back row.
Right. They keep him in the senate.
They don't kick him out.
No, he stays.
Well, we might as well go down swinging.
Did you know the most trusted man in America is Milton Berle?
See? You should have worn a dress.
-...They're more sophisticated...
How does a scotch sound?
-..We love America...
-Scotch sounds good.
-..Why are we proud...?
-Did you know Joe and Shirley were married?
-..We are proud, first of all
because from the beginning of this nation,
a man can walk upright.
No matter who he is or who she is,
he can walk upright and meet his friend or his enemy.
And he does not fear
that because that enemy may be a position in great power,
that he can be suddenly thrown in jail
to rot there without charges
and with no recourse to justice.
We have the habeas corpus act, and we respect it...
I began by saying
that our history will be what we make it.
If we go on as we are, then history will take its revenge,
and retribution will not limp in catching up with us.
Just once in a while,
let us exalt the importance of ideas and information.
Let us dream to the extent of saying
that on a given Sunday night,
a time normally occupied by Ed Sullivan
is given over to a clinical survey
on the state of American education.
And a week or two later, a time normally used by Steve Allen
is devoted to a thorough-going study
of American policy in the Middle East.
Would the corporate image of their respective sponsors be damaged?
Would the shareholders rise up in their wrath and complain?
Would anything happen other than a few million people
would have received a little illumination on subjects
that may well determine the future of this country
and therefore the future of the corporations?
To those who say, "People wouldn't look. They wouldn't be interested.
"They re too complacent, indifferent and insulated,"
I can only reply: there is, in one reporter s opinion,
considerable evidence against that contention.
But even if they are right, what have they got to lose?
Because if they are right,
and this instrument is good for nothing
but to entertain, amuse and insulate,
then the tube is flickering now,
and we will soon see that the whole struggle is lost.
This instrument can teach.
It can illuminate, and, yes, it can even inspire.
But it can do so only to the extent
that humans are determined to use it towards those ends.
Otherwise, it is merely wires and lights in a box.
Good night, and good luck.
# It's quarter to three
# There's no one in the place
# Except you and me
# So set 'em up, Joe
# I've got a little story
# You oughta know
# We're drinkin', my friend
# Till the end
# Of a brief episode
# Make it one for my baby
# And one more for the road
# That long, long
# Road. #