Dausgaard's Rachmaninov BBC Proms


Dausgaard's Rachmaninov

This all-Rachmaninov programme features the famously demanding Third Piano Concerto, followed by the capricious and impassioned Second Symphony.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to Dausgaard's Rachmaninov. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

Tonight, we enter the rich, romantic world of Rachmaninov

:00:08.:00:10.

with two of his most loved works, his hauntingly beautiful second

:00:11.:00:13.

symphony and his virtuosic third piano concerto,

:00:14.:00:23.

This evening, the Royal Albert Hall plays host to the BBC

:00:24.:00:47.

Scottish Symphony Orchestra who will perform two masterworks,

:00:48.:00:56.

both written by Rachmaninov in the first decade of the 20th

:00:57.:00:58.

century, two pieces that today must be among his most popular works.

:00:59.:01:01.

Later, the orchestra's chief conductor, Thomas Dausgaard,

:01:02.:01:06.

will lead a performance of the second symphony,

:01:07.:01:09.

the work that represented a return to health for a composer left broken

:01:10.:01:12.

and devastated by the failure of his first symphony.

:01:13.:01:16.

We start, though, with the piano concerto that Rachmaninov wrote

:01:17.:01:20.

to perform himself on a tour of the United States.

:01:21.:01:23.

He was famous for his big, broad hands and his limitless energy

:01:24.:01:26.

He found the challenges of his third concerto easy.

:01:27.:01:32.

Pianists who have tackled the work since describe it as one of the most

:01:33.:01:35.

technically daunting in the repertoire, a sort

:01:36.:01:37.

of musical Mount Everest that has to be conquered.

:01:38.:01:41.

Tonight, the brilliant young Ukranian-born pianist

:01:42.:01:42.

Alexander Gavrylyuk takes on the challenge.

:01:43.:01:47.

So two great, popular pieces on the programme,

:01:48.:01:49.

but we are going to go a stage further.

:01:50.:01:51.

As well as an orchestra who have come here from Glasgow,

:01:52.:01:55.

we welcome an ensemble of singers from Riga, the Latvian Radio Choir,

:01:56.:01:58.

who are going to sing Russian Orthodox chants,

:01:59.:02:00.

some of which, harmonised and re-imagined, seeped

:02:01.:02:03.

into these symphonic works, making the journey from

:02:04.:02:05.

I've been talking to conductor Thomas Dausgaard about what we learn

:02:06.:02:13.

by listening to the music Rachmanonov himself

:02:14.:02:14.

I'll was founded an inspiration to think what could have influenced the

:02:15.:02:28.

composer's imagination. In this concert with Rachmaninov's music,

:02:29.:02:34.

there are some important routes, like Russian Orthodox chanting in

:02:35.:02:38.

the church, and the way that has influenced his work on so many

:02:39.:02:44.

levels, it is important to share with the audience. We have a

:02:45.:02:50.

wonderful chorus joining us for tonight's performance. At the top of

:02:51.:02:54.

each piece, they will sing and Orthodox chant. The one song before

:02:55.:03:00.

the third piano Concerto is exciting and striking. When the third

:03:01.:03:06.

concerto premiered, Rachmaninov was asked whether it had any relation to

:03:07.:03:11.

his theme, and he said, no, I completely compose that myself, but

:03:12.:03:15.

my subconscious might have worked with me. That is super interesting.

:03:16.:03:21.

That is what works with is all all the time. For the second symphony,

:03:22.:03:25.

there is not such an obvious choice of chant, but there is still

:03:26.:03:31.

something moving in the opening melodic line of the symphony. So

:03:32.:03:39.

many references, also, to other kinds of church music, bell-ringing.

:03:40.:03:44.

It will put us in a good frame of mind for it.

:03:45.:03:49.

Well, in just a second, pianist Alexander Gavrylyuk

:03:50.:03:51.

is going to take his place at the piano, ready to play

:03:52.:03:54.

Thomas Dausgaard will conduct the BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra.

:03:55.:03:57.

Before that the Latvian Radio Choir are going to sing Grob Tvoy, Spase,

:03:58.:04:00.

MUSIC: Piano Concerto No. 3 by Rachmaninov.

:04:01.:15:27.

MUSIC: Piano Concerto No 3 in D Minor by Rachmaninov.

:15:28.:30:34.

MUSIC: Piano Concerto No 3 in D Minor by Rachmaninov.

:30:35.:54:11.

Alexander Gavrylyuk playing Rachmaninov's Third Piano Concerto

:54:12.:54:41.

Thomas Dausgaard conducting the BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra.

:54:42.:54:53.

And this Sunday evening prom began with a traditional chant from the

:54:54.:55:05.

Russian Orthodox Church, sung by the Latvian Radio Choir, music that

:55:06.:55:10.

inspired Rachmaninov when he was writing this Piano Concerto. It it

:55:11.:55:25.

is a work that he wrote to play himself, and when he toured North

:55:26.:55:41.

America in 1909 it was well greeted. When he played it at Carnegie Hall,

:55:42.:55:49.

the conductor was Gustav Mahler. It was a moment that Rachmaninov

:55:50.:55:59.

treasured. Rachmaninov's music has always been important to Alexander

:56:00.:56:04.

Gavrylyuk. He moved to Australia at the age of 13 and said he found it

:56:05.:56:09.

to be a very different planets and missed his native Ukraine. He turned

:56:10.:56:14.

to music to find reflections of his feelings and he said Rachmaninov was

:56:15.:56:16.

always near and in his heart. The music reflects human emotional

:56:17.:56:48.

life, says Alexander Gavrylyuk, more than anything I know. This power can

:56:49.:56:53.

lead to special moments of revelation. We are going to have an

:56:54.:57:03.

That glorious moment of silent reflection after that encore from

:57:04.:01:38.

Alexander Gavrylyuk. Rachmaninov's Vocalise, originally a song for

:01:39.:01:42.

piano containing no words, but some using a single vowel of the singer's

:01:43.:01:55.

choosing. -- but sung using. Alexander Gavrylyuk, star of the BBC

:01:56.:01:57.

Proms this Sunday. You are watching BBC

:01:58.:02:29.

Four at the Proms. Coming up in a moment,

:02:30.:02:32.

Rachmaninov's second symphony, preceded by more

:02:33.:02:35.

of the Russian Orthodox Chant His grandmother was very religious

:02:36.:02:37.

and it was she who took the young Rachmaninov to the churches

:02:38.:02:49.

of St Petersburg. "Being only a youngster I took less

:02:50.:02:50.

interest in God and worship than in the singing,

:02:51.:02:53.

which was of unrivalled beauty", "I usually took pains to find a room

:02:54.:02:55.

underneath the gallery and never Thanks to my good memory, I also

:02:56.:02:59.

remembered most of what I heard. This I turned into capital,

:03:00.:03:04.

literally, by sitting down at the piano when I came home

:03:05.:03:06.

and playing it. For this performance my grandmother

:03:07.:03:13.

never failed to reward me with 25 kopeks, a large sum to an urchin

:03:14.:03:15.

of 10 or 11." It was music he was never to forget,

:03:16.:03:19.

music that seeped into many of his The Latvian Radio Choir

:03:20.:03:23.

performed downstairs Now they have come up

:03:24.:03:27.

here to the gallery, and before they sing,

:03:28.:03:35.

two members of the Karlis and Inga. Let me start with

:03:36.:03:49.

you, Inga. It is fascinating to hear how Thomas Dausgaard was inspired by

:03:50.:03:57.

the chanting. Yes, all of his music is full of Orthodox chants, and also

:03:58.:04:03.

Orthodox bells. We heard that in the piano concert, in the symphony, it

:04:04.:04:10.

is repeated. We memorise church music and the bells. Your country,

:04:11.:04:18.

Latvia, is a land of Song. So many great Latvian choral composers. How

:04:19.:04:23.

often do you sing this Russian material? We do it quite a lot.

:04:24.:04:30.

Historically, we are tied to Russian culture. We understand the Russian

:04:31.:04:40.

language itself, which helps us as performers to perform Russian choral

:04:41.:04:44.

music, because it takes the stress away to understand what you're

:04:45.:04:48.

singing about and pronunciation. We do it quite a lot. This music was

:04:49.:04:52.

written to be sung in the great churches and cathedrals of St

:04:53.:04:57.

Petersburg and other Russian cities. What is it like doing it in this

:04:58.:05:04.

concert Hall? We can see what it was late in the evening, when the whole

:05:05.:05:09.

is Phil. In the daytime, with rehearsal, it was a good feeling. I

:05:10.:05:13.

guess it is the first time in Europe that we do it outside the church. We

:05:14.:05:17.

have done it in Japan in concert halls, but not in Europe. Thank you

:05:18.:05:24.

for joining us. We will send you over to the next balcony in the

:05:25.:05:28.

Royal Albert Hall, to join your colleagues in the Latvian Radio

:05:29.:05:36.

Choir in a few minutes time. The Latvian Radio Choir will be

:05:37.:05:40.

performing Rachmaninov's Vespers later on in a late-night Prom. That

:05:41.:05:43.

is on BBC Radio 3. To whet your appetite,

:05:44.:05:50.

here's a short clip of the USSR Ministry Of Culture Chamber Choir's

:05:51.:05:53.

performance of the Vespers The rich sound of the USSR

:05:54.:07:15.

Ministry Of Culture Chamber Choir, performing at the Proms

:07:16.:07:18.

back in 1991. Back to tonight's Prom now

:07:19.:07:21.

and Rachmaninov's second symphony, a work that was not arrived

:07:22.:07:26.

at in a hurry. The premiere of his first symphony

:07:27.:07:29.

became one of classical music's One critic, a fellow composer,

:07:30.:07:31.

described it as the "seven plagues of Egypt all rolled

:07:32.:07:36.

into a single piece". The performance was under-rehearsed,

:07:37.:07:41.

the conductor was probably drunk. Rachmaninov, embarrassed

:07:42.:07:44.

and humiliated, had a nervous It was only after treatment

:07:45.:07:46.

with hypnosis that he Nonetheless, it was nearly

:07:47.:07:50.

a decade before he felt able The second is a vast work,

:07:51.:07:56.

up to an hour long in performance, and containing the very

:07:57.:08:01.

best of Rachmaninov. It's filled with glorious melodies,

:08:02.:08:03.

painted out in rich, It opens with long,

:08:04.:08:06.

brooding slow introduction, reminiscent of that Russian Orthodox

:08:07.:08:11.

chant he so loved. And so, here comes Thomas Dausgaard

:08:12.:08:22.

to conduct the BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra in Rachmaninov's

:08:23.:08:26.

second symphony, but first of all, from the gallery,

:08:27.:08:28.

the Latvian Radio Choir sing Svete MUSIC: Symphony No 2

:08:29.:08:31.

in E Minor by Rachmaninov. MUSIC: Symphony No 2

:08:32.:33:01.

in E Minor by Rachmaninov. APPLAUSE

:33:02.:09:58.

CHEERING Rachmaninov's Symphony No.

:09:59.:10:23.

2 in E Minor. The BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra,

:10:24.:10:28.

conducted by Thomas Dausgaard. Before the symphony,

:10:29.:10:38.

we heard the Latvian Radio Choir singing Svete Tikhy,

:10:39.:10:40.

Serene Light. That was conducted by Sigvards

:10:41.:10:50.

Klava. The principal clarinettist of the

:10:51.:11:05.

BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra rises to a great cheer. Technically

:11:06.:11:13.

speaking, the second symphony is a 20th-century work, but it has all

:11:14.:11:17.

the intensity and emotion of 19th-century Romanticism. A word

:11:18.:11:22.

that he began the orchestration of in the summer of 1907, immediately

:11:23.:11:26.

after the birth of his second daughter.

:11:27.:11:40.

After the premiere, he conducted the Symphony once again in Moscow,

:11:41.:11:46.

several times in Europe and the USA, but after he left Russia in December

:11:47.:11:53.

1917, he never again performed it. Sadly, he left no recording of it

:11:54.:11:54.

either. Just about to start on Radio 3,

:11:55.:12:05.

the Latvian Radio Choir sing Rachmaninov's Vespers,

:12:06.:12:23.

and they will be back on Monday lunchtime

:12:24.:12:25.

when they perform Shostakovich. That's in our chamber Prom,

:12:26.:12:31.

live from Cadogan Hall, 1 o'clock on Monday lunchtime,

:12:32.:12:37.

on BBC Radio Three. BBC Four is back at the Proms next

:12:38.:12:40.

Friday with two programmes. The Aurora Orchestra's performance

:12:41.:12:43.

of Beethoven's Symphony No 3, Eroica, and from the late-night

:12:44.:12:47.

Prom, the first full live performance of Ravi Shankar

:12:48.:12:50.

and Philip Glass's album Passages. For now, from me, Petroc Trelawny,

:12:51.:12:53.

and all of us at the Royal

:12:54.:12:57.

This all-Rachmaninov programme features two of the composer's greatest and most-loved works performed by the BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra under conductor Thomas Dausgaard. Alexander Gavrylyuk is the soloist for the famously demanding Third Piano Concerto, which is followed by the capricious and impassioned Second Symphony. The Latvian Radio Choir joins the line-up, setting both pieces alongside the Russian Orthodox chants that the composer would have known.


Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS