Twm Morys a'r Cadeiriau Coll Pethe


Twm Morys a'r Cadeiriau Coll

Twm Morys sy'n crwydro Cymru i chwilio am gadeiriau a enillwyd mewn Eisteddfodau Cenedlaethol. Twm Morys travels around Wales to look for bardic chairs won at the National Eiste...


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Transcript


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-Subtitles

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-Subtitles

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-This only happens in Wales.

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-A carpenter makes a chair...

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-..as a prize for a poem.

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-We can trace its origins

-to the Middle Ages...

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-..and it's still happening today.

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-This is the 2003 Meifod

-National Eisteddfod chair.

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-It was made by Bob Morgan

-of Llanbrynmair...

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-..of Cyfie Farm's famous oak...

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-..for me.

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-If there is a winner

-in Llanelli this year...

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-..another bard will have

-a Chair to treasure forever.

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-I put my Chair in the middle of my

-home. Everyone can see and use it.

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-But that's not every Chair's story.

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-It's hard to imagine how anyone

-could lose a Chair as big as this.

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-But it happens.

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-Some National Eisteddfod Chairs

-are lost.

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-I'm going to look for them.

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-Some Chairs are gathering dust,

-others are in unexpected places.

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-If I find them...

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-..I'll bring them out

-so the nation can see them again.

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-I turned to Dewi Emrys's books.

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-He's won more Chairs

-than anybody else.

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-Dewi Emrys won four National

-Eisteddfod Chairs. Four, remember.

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-In Liverpool, 1929. Llanelli 1930.

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-Bangor 1943 and Bridgend 1948.

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-This is why the rule was passed...

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-..that no-one can win

-the Chair more than twice.

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-Dewi Emrys was quite chaotic.

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-He couldn't keep hold of

-a job or home for long.

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-He occasionally slept rough,

-under hedges or on streets.

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-He sold the only Crown he won

-to pay his debts.

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-In The Bardic Chair...

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-..there's no mention

-of his four Chairs.

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-After winning more Chairs

-than anyone else...

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-..Dewi Emrys

-lost more Chairs than anyone else.

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-I left my library

-for the National Library...

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-..home to some

-of our country's treasures.

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-In their midst, four famous Chairs.

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-These are four stars

-in the Chair world.

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-This is the earliest...

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-..Colwyn Bay Eisteddfod, 1910.

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-The winner was R Williams Parry

-for Yr Haf.

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-He became famous throughout Wales.

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-He is popular to this day.

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-It has a leather seat.

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-It has a leather seat.

-

-It's a handsome chair.

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-The mystic sign is made of ivory.

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-The goats are intricately carved.

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-His cousin, TH Parry-Williams,

-won the next Chair.

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-He won the 1912 Wrexham

-Eisteddfod Chair for Y Mynydd.

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-It wasn't just the Chair

-that TH Parry Williams took home.

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-He won the Crown, too.

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-He was the first to do the double.

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-Three years later,

-he did it again...

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-..in Bangor, in 1915.

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-He winning poem was Eryri.

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-The Chair on the end is different,

-to say the least!

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-There are lizards snoozing

-on the arms!

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-This is the Caernarfon Eisteddfod

-Chair.

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-It started life far from Caernarfon,

-in New Zealand.

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-It was donated by

-the New Zealand Welsh society.

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-They are Maori carvings.

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-The winner was Gwyndaf.

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-At 22, he was

-the youngest to achieve that.

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-Gwyndaf's poem, Magdalen,

-was a pioneering work.

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-He discarded traditional measures.

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-The poem is vers libre

-in cynghanedd.

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-He's the cause of the trouble!

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-Some people look at it that way.

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-Others would say

-he pushed boundaries.

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-You don't have a Chair

-belonging to Dewi Emrys.

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-Yes.

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-You do?

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-You do?

-

-Yes.

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-There's more to the first Chair...

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-..the one R Williams Parry won.

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-The 1943 wartime Eisteddfod...

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-..was held in a hall in Bangor.

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-The Eisteddfod committee

-had not organized a Chair.

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-R Williams Parry's Chair

-was borrowed for the ceremony.

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-Dewi Emrys

-was the Chaired Bard that year.

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-He was chaired in that Chair.

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-He didn't receive a Chair

-as a prize.

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-The Eisteddfod provided a prize...

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-..a medal designed by Goscombe John.

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-This is a photo of the prize. The

-medal features the poet Taliesin.

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-With his harp. There's

-a cromlech in the background.

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-Can I borrow this?

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-Of course.

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-And thanks to the boys

-in the Library...

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-..like Dewi Emrys,

-I basked for a while in the sun...

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-..in the Chair

-R Williams Parry won...

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-..for his poem to the summer.

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-My next stop was The Eagle Inn

-in Llanfihangel-ar-Arth.

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-Apparently, there's

-an Eisteddfod Chair here.

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-Perhaps it's not a National Chair,

-but it belonged to Dewi Emrys.

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-I'm pleased to meet you.

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-I'm pleased to meet you.

-

-I've come to see the Chair.

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-Dewi Emrys's Chair is next door.

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-You'll have to go round.

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-I'll meet you there.

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-A-ha! Here it is.

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-Corwen Eisteddfod, 1923.

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-That's a fierce looking dragon!

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-The Chair was won in Corwen.

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-The competition subject was Night.

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-Dewi Emrys's poem won,

-but he didn't win the Chair.

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-No, he used my grandfather's name...

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-..Dan Jones, who was the landlord.

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-He couldn't write a line of poetry!

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-I believe a telegram arrived.

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-He didn't know

-his name had been used.

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-He didn't know?

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-He didn't know?

-

-Dewi Emrys hadn't mentioned a word.

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-As it happens,

-Dewi Emrys was staying here...

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-..in 1923 and 1924.

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-Here's a photograph of him

-outside the pub...

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-..holding a trout.

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-That was in 1923.

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-Why did Dewi use your grandfather's

-name rather than his own?

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-There were rumours

-that he was selling the Chairs.

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-They wouldn't give him a Chair

-and that's why he used Dan Jones.

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-I think it was his way

-of saying thanks.

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-My grandparents gave him a home.

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-He was chaired here.

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-Yes!

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-And here it is, to this day.

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-Somebody sits on it every day.

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-Here,

-it's used like any other chair.

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-People have been known

-to sleep on it!

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-The Llanfihangel-ar-Arth

-Eisteddfod makes use of it.

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-My grandchildren's school

-have it on St David's Day.

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-Carnival queens

-are chaired on it.

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-It is used.

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-Neither Dewi Emrys nor Dan Jones

-own this Chair now...

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-..but Llanfihangel-ar-Arth.

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-Generations of drinkers...

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-..and carnival queens

-have sat on it.

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-And here I am, resting my backside.

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-Dewi Emrys won the pub Chair.

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-But it isn't

-a National Eisteddfod Chair.

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-In Liverpool, in 1929,

-Dewi won his first National Chair.

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-I discovered there are two National

-Chairs in Liverpool City Hall.

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-Could one be Dewi Emrys's Chair?

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-If anyone knows,

-then that's Rev D Ben Rees.

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-These are not Dewi Emrys's Chairs.

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-No - but there's a link.

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-They say this

-is the most magnificent Chair...

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-..ever carved for any poet.

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-It's Pedrog's Chair.

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-It's perfect.

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-He won three Chairs.

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-Almost as many as Dewi.

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-Almost. They were very competitive.

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-They enjoyed the glory

-and the prize money.

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-Pedrog was an important man

-in Liverpool.

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-In the 1929 Eisteddfod...

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-..when Dewi Emrys won the Chair,

-Pedrog was the Archdruid.

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-He was the Archdruid

-the following year in Llanelli.

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-This dates back even further

-than Dewi Emrys or Pedrog.

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-It dates back to 1884,

-and the first Liverpool Eisteddfod.

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-Dyfed won it.

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-He was the Archdruid for many years.

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-He was a great friend of Liverpool's

-and came here almost every year.

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-It's a handsome Chair.

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-The Liver bird is looking after us.

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-We won't drown or get lost

-while this is above the City Hall...

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-..as well as on the Chairs.

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-It's a very early Chair.

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-It's one of the first

-National Eisteddfod Chairs.

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-There's a lion here.

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-Are they lions?

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-They look more like cats!

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-Let's sit in the peace

-of the City Hall.

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-And so I sat on Pedrog's perfect

-Chair in Liverpool city centre.

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-114 years have passed

-since Pedrog first sat on it.

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-The Welsh language

-could be heard here back then.

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-Is there peace?

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-Well no, clearly not,

-if you sit on a huge throne...

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-..being interrogated

-by inquisitive Scousers!

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-In a house in Old Colwyn...

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-..I've heard I can find the medal

-that the late Dafydd Owen won...

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-..at Bangor Eisteddfod, 1943.

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-As we heard

-in the National Library...

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-..medals and not Chairs and Crowns

-were awarded that year.

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-It's exactly the same.

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-Dewi Emrys had a similar medal

-instead of a Chair in 1943.

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-If you put three wooden spoons

-underneath it...

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-..it would make a good stool.

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-It's not a Chair.

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-I continued my journey.

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-I'm determined to sit on

-at least one...

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-..of Dewi Emrys's lost Chairs.

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-.

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-Subtitles

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-Subtitles

-

-Subtitles

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-I'm looking for lost

-National Eisteddfod Chairs...

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-..specifically those belonging

-to Dewi Emrys, who won four.

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-I haven't found one.

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-I'm giving up on the first,

-the Liverpool 1929 Chair...

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-..to concentrate on the last one,

-the Bridgend 1948 Chair.

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-St Fagans Folk Museum

-has a collection of Chairs.

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-I can't imagine

-a better person to help me...

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-..than the co-author

-of The Bardic Chair.

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-This is the one I'm looking for...

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-..the 1948 Bridgend

-Eisteddfod Chair.

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-We don't have the Chair

-in this collection.

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-But there are similar Chairs

-in front of you.

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-Almost the same,

-except for the decorations.

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-They're the 1953 and 1951 Chairs.

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-At the time, the same design

-was used six or seven times.

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-Ellis Berwyn Evans's design

-was used time after time.

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-Why?

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-I'm not sure. Perhaps it was more

-convenient to have one design.

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-The Chairs were often funded

-by Welsh exiles.

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-The 1951 Llanrwst

-Eisteddfod Chair...

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-..was won by Brinley Richards.

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-The Chair was donated

-by Welsh exiles in Patagonia.

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-There are carvings

-of indigenous South American people.

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-The dragon is more of a feature

-on this one.

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-This was for the 1953 Rhyl

-Eisteddfod. Llwyd Williams won.

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-There are fish on the arm rests.

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-In 1953...

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-..Dilys Cadwaladr won the Crown.

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-She was the first woman

-to win the Crown.

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-She was crowned in this Chair.

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-She was Dewi Emrys's lover

-and bore him a child.

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-The Chairs are all different.

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-Some are elaborate,

-some are plain.

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-These Chairs

-are like identical twins.

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-Rather boring.

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-Rather boring.

-

-There is that.

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-I'm glad that practice ended.

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-The Chairs can vary now.

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-I agree.

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-Even though

-they're relevant and interesting...

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-..you don't have

-one of Dewi Emrys's Chairs.

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-Unfortunately not.

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-Then I received a message,

-from Dewi Emrys's daughter, Nina...

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-..who is now in her eighties.

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-Nina believes that the Chair her

-father won in Llanelli in 1930...

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-..is in a South Wales hospital.

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-This is the place Nina mentioned.

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-Cefn Coed Psychiatric Hospital

-is in Swansea.

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-Dewi Emrys's father

-was a patient here.

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-He suffered from depression.

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-As a token of gratitude

-for the care his father received...

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-..Dewi Emrys gave the Llanelli

-Chair to one of the porters.

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-Rumour has it that the Chair

-is in this red church.

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-And here it is.

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-And here it is.

-

-Dewi Emrys's Chair.

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-I've been searching so long.

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-I've been searching so long.

-

-Have a look.

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-Thanks.

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-Thanks.

-

-You're welcome.

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-This is it.

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-Llanelli National Eisteddfod.

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-Jesus Repress Injustice.

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-I can't see the year.

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-Oh, yes.

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-It's in Art Deco style.

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-1930.

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-The dragon is in the same style...

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-..and there are two harps.

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-It's a handsome

-and rather unusual Chair.

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-I'm going to sit on it.

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-And here I am at last...

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-..sitting on one

-of Dewi Emrys's Chairs.

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-If there is a winner

-at this year's Eisteddfod...

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-..another Chief Bard will

-take a chair home from Llanelli.

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-But no-one can take the 1930 Chair.

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-It's a chair in a hospital now.

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-But it will always be

-Dewi Emrys's Chair.

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-PHONE

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-A little later,

-the broadcaster Dei Tomos phoned.

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-He'd heard about my project.

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-He remembered seeing

-one of Dewi Emrys's Chairs...

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-..in Chirk Castle

-in the Ceiriog Valley.

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-It was

-a National Eisteddfod Chair.

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-Chirk Castle isn't an unusual

-place to find an Eisteddfod Chair...

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-..especially

-from the time in question.

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-Between 1911 and 1946....

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-..it was the home

-of Tom Scott-Ellis...

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-..or the 8th Baron Howard de Walden.

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-He was born in London

-of Welsh descent.

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-He became a benefactor

-of the Arts in Wales.

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-This is The Bow Room,

-because of its shape.

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-They're the possession

-of Tom Ellis's family.

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-And here's the Chair!

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-Well, now then.

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-It's a sturdy chair.

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-The Royal National

-Eisteddfod of Wales.

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-We're on the right track.

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-The Liver Bird.

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-Can I lift the cushion?

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-Can I lift the cushion?

-

-Yes.

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-The poet's might is his muse.

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-Liverpool, 1929.

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-This is Dewi Emrys's first

-National Eisteddfod Chair.

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-The first of four.

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-What is it doing in Chirk Castle?

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-Tom Ellis lived in the castle.

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-We have reason to believe that

-he visited Liverpool Eisteddfod.

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-He heard Dewi Emrys

-wanted to sell the Chair.

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-Tom Ellis bought the chair.

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-I see - not long after

-Dewi Emrys won it.

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-I'm not sure. We believe

-he went to the Eisteddfod.

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-Was he a member of the Gorsedd?

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-Was he a member of the Gorsedd?

-

-Yes, and so was his wife.

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-That solves the great mystery.

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-Thanks to Tom Ellis for safeguarding

-Dewi Emrys's first Chair...

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-..so that I can sit on it

-in a field.

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-Where better than a castle...

0:22:210:22:23

-..for the first throne of

-Dewi Emrys, King of the Chief Bards?

0:22:240:22:28

-I didn't find all four.

0:22:330:22:35

-The Bridgend Chair might reappear

-one day. We have to keep looking.

0:22:350:22:40

-I sat on all sorts

-of different chairs.

0:22:430:22:47

-Big, small, beautiful and ugly...

0:22:470:22:50

-..each one reflecting a nation's

-respect towards her poets.

0:22:510:22:55

-Real National Chairs.

0:22:560:22:58

-But in my opinion, none

-can compare with the Meifod Chair.

0:23:010:23:06

-As Ifan Francis Bryn Du said...

0:23:070:23:10

-.."A sheep cannot win a Chair

0:23:120:23:14

-"Nor a cat, nor a dog,

-nor a squirrel either

0:23:140:23:18

-"Nor a scruffy old hare

0:23:180:23:21

-"Except in gentle Montgomery"

0:23:220:23:26

-S4C Subtitles by Gwead

0:23:480:23:50

-.

0:23:500:23:51

Twm Morys sy'n crwydro Cymru i chwilio am gadeiriau a enillwyd mewn Eisteddfodau Cenedlaethol. Twm Morys travels around Wales to look for bardic chairs won at the National Eisteddfod.