23/01/2017 100 Days


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 23/01/2017. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!



join Kathie Kay and Christian Fraser now for our new BBC programme 100


It is Monday afternoon in Washington - the first working week


Already there are big changes underway.


So what will a Trump administration mean for the United States


With such global upheaval over the past year, we will be


There will be a new way of doing business in Washington.


This morning, the President signed an executive order


withdrawing the United States from the Trans Pacific


A White House press conference is now underway as the war of words


between the new administration and the media about the size


And when it comes to building the wall, can President Trump


We'll hear from both sides of the border.


Could President Trump's warming relations with Moscow


And when it comes to foreign relations, what does


President Trump's foreign policy mean for Europe and its


Our new programme dominated by the first few months


of Donald Trump's presidency, and what kind of changes


There are big things happening in Europe.


Upcoming elections, Brexit, the conflict in Syria.


Over this next 100 days, we will be looking at all of that and how


the America First policy will re-shape relations


In this past half hour, Sean Spicer, President's Trump's


spokesperson, has been speaking to the White House press corp.


Our Washington reporter Anthony Zurcher is with us.


I was listening to the beginning of the press conference. It sounded


like a remarkably normal press conference? It was. This came off


the hills of Saturday where Sean Spicer stood up and be raided the


press further coverage of the inauguration. Today, he said he


would not be as popular as his predecessor, but then he took


questions from the media. The first question he took was on the wall and


the promise to begin building the wall. This was a serious priority of


his throughout the campaign. He is starting to work with Congress on


the appropriations Avenue. He is doing everything he can to commence


with that as soon as possible. I couldn't help notice that your key


missing at the beginning of the press conference. This still feel


quite awkward. Taking on the press the way they did on Saturday is a


0-sum game. It might have worked in the campaign but it doesn't work in


the White House. It is definitely risky. Donald Trump was ranting


about the press in front of a CIA Memorial. To then have Sean Spicer


come out and be even more aggressive to the media, leaving without taking


questions, he became the story through much of the weekend. In most


traditional White House says, the press secretary does not become the


story. The president takes the lead. Thank you. We will keep our eye on


that press conference. Already President Trump has been


busy signing a series of executive orders,


certainly more to come through the week, all built on that


promise to put America on top. In the past couple of hours,


he signed three of those orders - withdrawing the US from


the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade deal, banning American funds


for international groups that perform abortions and finally


he has ordered a freeze It is just the start


of a big agenda. He had promised a slew of executive


actions to advance his agenda and reverse those of President Obama. He


has rolled back the health insurance law known as Obamacare. Today, he


withdrew America from the Trans-Pacific Trade Partnership. He


says it is key to securing American jobs and economic security. In tone


and substance, Donald Trump promises to be a very different president


from his most immediate predecessors. I think he will be


quite revolutionary. I expect him to place more emphasis on the growth of


the economy, higher wages and opportunities for people. I'm not


sure he is going to be trying to seek out compromise. He will try to


get the job done that he sent to the American people he would do. I


believe he will be looking after the people he says have been left


behind. He says his ethos of America first is the scaffolding on which he


will build his entire agenda. Illegal immigration, tax reform, the


destruction of Isis, they are all in his immediate sites. We have to


build a wall, folks. It means making good on his campaign pledge to build


a wall along the 1900 and mile border with Mexico. Here he could


meet his first big hurdle. Will Congress really pay for it? Mist


Trump will need popular support to get these big things done. On


Saturday, I went down to see the women's march in Washington, where


it was clear just how unpopular he is. These people are scared and


angry and determined. Can they stop Donald Trump's agenda? Probably not.


But in a game that is American politics, ratings are like gambling


chips. The Republican politicians who sat stony faced at the


inauguration as mist Trump derided the establishment will give their


new president a lot of what he wants, in return for the power he


has given them. Of the fact he is not an ideological conservative


means the Republican Congress will undoubtedly also run into conflict


with their president. On infrastructure spending, the notion


we would spend $1 trillion that would be paid for I think will be


very difficult for some fiscal conservatives to swallow. For the


time being at least I think most Republicans, if not all, are


willing to give the president the benefit of the doubt. Once you get


out beyond 100 days, when the honeymoon period is over, I think


some of those divisions will become a little more clear. Mist Trump


intends to govern as he campaigns, in full flight mode. But he has set


huge goals for himself and he will need friends and allies to get


things done. Let's talk to Jan Brewer Republican


Governor of Arizona from 2009 until 2015 and prominent


Trump supporter. The Germans and Mexicans have


already said that if America is going to withdraw from Trans-Pacific


Trade Partnership, they will seek alliances themselves with some of


those countries. Is President Trump at risk of alienating just too many


allies in his protectionist stance? I don't think so. On the campaign


trail, she was clear he thought it was an unfair partnership, dealing


with United States and that he was going to resend it. He said he would


do it immediately. He didn't like the way it was drawn. It is a huge


document. Who knows what is truly in it. Rework a long time on it, but I


think we can come back and possibly regroup and continue working, but I


think he has promised the people of the United States he will resend it


and he has. He did it as promised. That's what the American people


wanted. He won overwhelmingly on the electoral real votes in the United


States. You know that words have consequences. President Trump's


inaugural address and his promise of America first and his refusal in


that address to reach out to traditional allies has clearly


rankled the Germans. Today, the Mexican president said, we will not


submit to United States. The bottom line is, we know that Mexico is our


neighbour. I know that Mexico is our neighbour. The coming. We do a lot


of commerce back and forth. With regards to the wall and to Nafta,


that needed to be renegotiated. We needed to determine things exactly.


That all came about in 1990. A lot of things have changed. Donald Trump


wants to bring it up to date, make it current, make it work for


everybody. I want to ask you about the other executive order Donald


Trump signed this morning, banning American federal funds from


financing international organisations that support abortion.


Are we in for four years of fights over women's reproductive rights


issues? Use the protests this weekend. It was a big theme. It was.


It was quite stunning to see so many people out there protesting are


demonstrating or whatever you want to call it, on the day after the


inauguration of the duly elected president. I wish they hadn't done


it, but these are conjugated issues and abortion has always been very


volatile in the United States because we have, I would say the


majority of people, believe they don't support abortion. You know, it


will be a conflict and it always has been. We are hopeful we will get it


resolved Donald Trump says he would work towards this direction and


again delivered on his promise to the people who elected him. Thank


you. We will speak to you later on in the programme. I just picked up


on one of the first thing she said to you in that interview, about this


sense of fairness. She said the trade deals are unfair. That is


something that played very highly with supporters during the campaign.


I think this is a core belief of President Trump's. The idea that


America has been taken for a ride, on trade deals, Nasdaq, China. Also


Nato. America's allies traditionally have not paid enough on their


defence bills. I think this underlines his worldview. America


has done too much since the Second World War to support allies and


friends and in return has had a bad deal. He will now change all of


that. And yet you look at his approval ratings and the are some of


the poorest approval ratings of modern times. He has to get himself


on the front foot. Used from the press conference, Sean Spicer was


laying out all these big business leaders coming to them. Presumably,


behind closed doors, they are really saying this is about job creation.


Yes, that speech he gave on Friday was a speech all about jobs. What


Governor Brewer did not mention is that trade is not the big issue


here. The big issue in American jobs is automation. By some estimates, it


is for 21. Computers have lost jobs -- four to one. The Syria crisis


will be one of the big foreign policy issues for the administration


coming up in these weeks. Right. They will be talking a lot about


Syria in the coming weeks. Talks ongoing today in Kazakhstan.


The Syria crisis will be one of the big foreign policy issues


for the administration these coming weeks.


Yes, although normally - when it comes to Syria -


the Americans would be equal partners in the discussions.


These talks are in the Kazakh capital of Astana, and it's Russia


Our Chief International Correspondent Lyse Doucet has been


looking at the shifting geopolitics of the Syrian war.


This new alliance is reshaping Syria's battlefield.


President Erdogan and President Putin still back opposing


Last week, they conducted their first joint bombing raid


against so-called Islamic State. And last year they work together


to end the decisive battle for Aleppo, and then brokered


a Syria-wide ceasefire between president Assad's


The first game changer, September 2015.


Russia entered the war, rescuing the Syrian army


from collapse on key front lines, transforming Russia into Syria's


most pivotal player in boosting its global stature.


Its military assets in Syria now include an expanded naval facility


on the Mediterranean, and a new airbase.


Last year, Turkey's President Erdogan tilted towards Russia


and away from the West, including the US.


Blaming it for the July coup and the rise of IS,


He still wants President Assad to go, someday, but his main enemy


in Syria now is Kurdish fighters, linked to Turkey's PKK,


Turkey sent its own forces across the border last year,


ostensibly to fight against so-called Islamic State.


But mainly to halt the advance of Kurdish fighters carving


Russia accepted Turkey's sway along its border,


and Turkey pushed rebel groups to pull out of a losing


And persuaded some to accept a ceasefire, at least for now.


He says his priority is to work with President Putin,


to fight IS and other extremists in Syria.


It's unclear if he will continue to support rebels


There are other players with other agendas.


Iran also backs President Assad and is providing an array


of militias, including Lebanese Hezbollah fighters.


Gulf states arm the opposition, but their real enemy is Iran.


Ending this destructive more isn't any easier.


And, in the end, it is Syrians who will have the final say.


Thank you both for joining us. Let's talk about Syria for a second. The


very fact these talks are in a former Soviet republic, rather than


Geneva, says a lot about the New World order? It doesn't say that


what's new. I'm not sure anything much has changed because of the


American election. What it does indicate is how complicated the


Syrian situation is going to be for Trump because on the one hand he


said he would like to be closer to Russia. In Syria, he faces a


coalition of Russia and Iran who are backing a totalitarian dictator. You


will have to make some decisions about which side he is on.


On the issue of Iran, that will be the sticky subject. President Putin


has a close ally in Iran? Yes, and there are close on a number of


issues. Trump changes his rhetoric from day to day, so it's hard to


know what he actually cares about, but in some parts of the campaign,


he indicated he wanted to renegotiate the American nuclear


arrangement with Iran, and that would have a knock-on effect on


Russia as well. Are a popping the champagne corks in Russia over the


inauguration of President Trump? Good evening. The inauguration


speech and address of Donald Trump was watched by many Russians, of


course. I must say that experts believe that the speech was rather


promising. And I would emphasise one thing I find very important. As far


as foreign policy was concerned, Donald Trump said that America would


seek friendship and goodwill with all countries of the world. And they


will do that in understanding that each nation, every nation, has a


right to put its national interests first. This, to me who has watched


the mainstream of several decades politicised, good state and rogue


states, this is promising because it means that Donald Trump at least in


his vision, in his thought and his mind, is departing from this very


Trotskyite like foundation of the idea of foreign policy which


produced the mixture of ideology and Theodore Roosevelt style


intervention. That is very promising. And that sticks to


chapter one of the United Nations Charter. That is the problem.


Treating everybody the same is exactly what is alarming America's


allies. The comparison he made between Angela Merkel and Vladimir


Putin. I think we need to step back and think about what it was that


constituted American power and American influence for so many


decades. The answer to that was America's system of alliances. These


were alliances not based merely on national interests or on


self-interest, but a common sense of security, common and shared values


and shared economic interests. This was the way in which America has


exercised power up until now. A few minutes ago, previous guests on your


programme asked what these alliances brought us, they made America the


predominant country and gave them the right to set rules. In many


cases, it meant that America and its allies were able to preserve the


peace. There has been peace in Europe for many decades. The


question now is really a bit different from how you have just


characterised it. The question is, if America withdraws and as a


Russian colleague has just said, America is not interested in these


ideals or democracy, then what happens to it alliances? The


question is, will the liberal and economic order be maintained? Will


the prosperity that we have known for the last few decades continue?


That is now the question. I don't think it's in anyone's interests for


international trade to break down or for international institutions to


fall apart. I don't think it will be good for anyone. Donald Trump has


made the point that warming relations is a good thing. We have


had reports today that Russian jets have been flying in tandem with


American jets. That has been denied by the American side. I can't think


of a time... That is not true. I haven't heard anything like that.


Russian jets became an information, but only that. Let's take it in


another direction, if that was possible in the fight against


so-called Islamic state, that would be a good thing, wouldn't it? I'm


sorry, I think you've fallen for a piece of Russian disinformation.


It's not true, so why are we talking about it? It has come from the


Russian side. Is it a possibility? Is it something the two countries


could work together on? Russia is not really fighting Islamic State,


it is fighting with Assad against whoever he is fighting. You have to


be careful. We are supporting the Syrian Army. It can be qualified as


the only serious force that can be put against Isis. That is why we are


together. But we would certainly welcome the American I believe it is


not quite impossible with Donald Trump's vision because America


happens to isolate herself from stereo. To overcome this, you have


to participate and then you might influence even Iran. Sorry, but


America has been in Syria for many months. We have do bring it to an


end there. Thank you both very much. I have just strayed into the world


of facts and alternative facts... It does look like that. It is the


question of what America's rule is going to be. We have had 70 years


since Pearl Harbor of America leading the world. Talking about


ideals, talking not necessarily just about America's self-interest. And


Donald Trump on Friday ended that system. In that process, there are


going to be some winners, perhaps Moscow, and some losers, perhaps


Europe. It will be fascinating to watch how this shapes out.


Yes, Theresa May will be in Washington. She will have spoken to


other European leaders and it will be talking about Nato and European


security as well, you would imagine. She has already said she will stand


up to Donald Trump when she feels she needs to.


There is more on that story on our website and smart-phone app -


there's also more from our business team about "Trump-onomics" -


and what we know so far about the president's economic plans.


You're watching 100 Days from BBC News.


Coming up in a few minutes - that wall on the US Mexican border -


And a stormy start for press relations between Donald Trump's


We'll speak to the Washington Bureau Chief of USA Today.


It really has been another day of huge contrast across the UK. Some of


us have enjoyed some lovely sunshine. It felt really nice out


there. For others, the fog lingered all day. Temperatures barely above


freezing. Overnight tonight, fog is the main concern because it is


already thickening up in some places. Go online for the latest


updates. Some fog over East Anglia and Lincolnshire. Apple tends to


clear. Find that, more fog developing. This could be the scene


first thing tomorrow morning. Very patchy, this fog. Temperatures below


freezing, quite widely. There will be some brighter areas. Over


northern England, the fog not so extensive year. Across the border


into Scotland and Northern Ireland, a different setup. Milder, breezy


and patchy rain. The rain never really amounting to much. It will


come and go. The best of the sunshine further south and east.


Mildest definitely out West. In the east, despite any sunshine, it will


be chilly. It should shift. The breeze begins to pick up. Some for


England and Wales. More rain working with intent over the far north-west.


Further south and east, despite any brightness, it will be a chilly day.


The stronger wind is coming off a still freezing continent. In actual


fact, Thursday could be an especially chilly day. Temperatures


in some spots will not get much above freezing. A very cold Thursday


to come. President Donald Trump has


signed an executive order withdrawing the United States


from the Trans Pacific After after a row on "alternative


facts" and the size of the crowd at the inauguration,


we'll speak to a veteran member During the election,


Donald Trump said that on his first day as President work would begin


"on an impenetrable, physical, So what's going to happen


to that bold pledge? In a moment we'll be speaking


with a former Arizona Governor and prominent Trump supporter,


we'll also hear from a Mexican Senator, but first,


a little more detail on the wall Donald Trump's plan to build


a wall is a cornerstone During the campaign,


he said he wanted it to be "an impenetrable,


physical wall" on We need the wall, and


the border patrol... He pledged construction


would begin on day one. We haven't seen the builders in yet,


but some of those close to him say they have an idea of what it


will look like. Donald Trump said the wall


would be 1,000 miles long, 35 to 40 feet high, and would look


as good as a wall is going to look. There's already a barrier,


which runs along nearly a third of the border,


and that was built after We don't know if President Trump


will add to what's already there or knock it down


and start again. Donald Trump said the wall


would cost around $8 billion. Some engineers believe the price tag


would be much higher. And, having promised


Mexico would pay for it, Donald Trump recently announced


that the US would initially fund it and recoup the costs


from Mexico later. Whether its a tax or whether it's


a payment, but it will happen. Building a wall was Donald Trump's


first campaign promise, and with this pledge,


we'll actually be able to see Well within the last hour,


Mexico's president said his country is now obliged to take steps


to defend its interests, given America's new position


on things like the Trans-Pacific Let's talk to Jan Brewer -


she was the Governor of Arizona from 2009 until 2015 -


and from Mexico City, You have been a supporter of this


war but as we have seen in European countries when you build a wall in


one place, migrants seem to find a pesky way of coming into another


entrance, wouldn't that just happen here? We absolutely need to address


the issue of illegal immigration as it is coming into our country and


Arizona has been the gateway for all of the illegal immigration for


immigrants coming in for work but also for the drug cartels and we are


fed up. We had to deal with the president that turned a blind eye to


all of that and wouldn't listen and would protect us and we inherited


all the drug trafficking, the extortion, the kidnappings, the


decimation of our deserts, we gateway so we applaud Donald Trump,


President Trumper in his campaign speeches that he said he would


secure the border and build the wall. Whether he can build the wall


completely, all the way, 1000 miles I don't know but we can secure that


border and that is what we need to do. We need the wall and they need


to come in legally and we need to to come in legally and we need to


know who is leading our country. -- leaving. The other half is that


Mexico would pay for the war. The Mexicans have made it clear they


have no such intentions and there are moves in the Mexican parliament


talking about this and they say they will not pay for the wall so America


won't end up paying billions of dollars for this? I still think we


have a way to go to determine just exactly how this will


how it will be paid for. President how it will be paid for. President


Trump said Mexico would pay for it so as we move to this process in the


next few days or next few weeks, we may come up with a solution but we


certainly aren't going to pay it on our behalf and I'm looking forward


to hearing the solution and maybe something can be negotiated between


the Mexican government and the the Mexican government and the


United States government but we want our border secured. That's it. We


are further, we are tired and we're not going to tolerate it. That was


one of the biggest reasons why Donald Trump won an election


present of the United States. I have present of the United States. I have


been on the battlefield from the very beginning. Doing what the


federal government was charged to do I had to do that, it didn't do their


job, they did not do their job. And it got out of hand. You will know


that a significant number of the immigrants in the United States came


in with a valid visa through the airport and they simply never left,


overstaying their visa. I agree that there is also a multitude of them


who have coming across the border and I will agree that they come and


they want to come to work some of them, but along with all of the


people that are coming in illegally comes the drug cartel and all of the


drugs and the extortion and the drop houses and it's costing Arizona a


fortune. I have to pay for their education, health care and


incarceration. Governor Brewer, one thing we have noticed is that when


the Mexican economy is doing well, the Mexican economy is doing well,


few people cross the border through Arizona, up until 2014 we saw a


decline in the number of Mexicans coming across, when the Mexican


economy is doing badly, the number of people trying to get their rises.


Isn't there here and knock on potentially of President Trump's


policy of closing American factories in Mexico, driving down the Mexican


migrants to come across the border migrants to come across the border


not discourage them. President Trump has listened to the people of the


United States and it is about them. He has been very clear and very


strong, it is about the United States of America and we want to


work with everybody. It has to be working together with third deals.


It has to be handled appropriately. I think that the president believes


as well as many other people in the United States that we have been


taken advantage of over and over again. And it's destroying our


economy. It is absolutely devastated certain areas of our country and we


are tired of it. We're not going to tolerate it any more and that is why


he won overwhelmingly the electoral votes. People want somebody that


will stand up for us for a change. I agree we have to work with our


allies, we have to have the commerce and trade going back and forth, but


I'm anxiously awaiting just to see exactly what they can come up with.


What is the real solution? Thank you so much for joining 100 Days.


We are going to finish Christian - with some discussion on the other


And that is the barrier between the White House


They build up pretty quickly, fair to say the relationship has not


gotten off to the best of starts, the row over the weekend has been


the relationship goes from here the relationship goes from here


because while we have been on air, Sean Spicer of the communications


director has answered the question about his integrity and telling the


truth, let's have a listen to see if he a more cordial. There are times


when we believe something to be true or we get something from an agency


or we act in haste because the information available was in


complete but our desire to communicate with the American people


to make sure you have the complete story at the time so we do it, but


again, when you look, we will do our best every time we can. I will come


and if we make mistakes I will do and if we make mistakes I will do


the best to correct them. As I mentioned the other day, it is a


two-way street, there are many mistakes of the media make all the


time, they misreport something, they don't report something, they get a


factual, that is not to turn around and say you are intentionally lying.


I think we'll try to do our best job and do it with a degree of integrity


in our respective industries. Shaun Spicer there. Joining us now is


Susan Page, a former president of the White House correspondence and


is now Paul Simpson chief for USA Today. Put this in some kind of


historic perspective for us. You have covered campaigns, have you


ever seen anything like this in ever seen anything like this in


terms of the relationship with the press? This is my sixth presidents I


have seen them come and go and all of them at some point or another


have tough relationships with the press. Especially when they get in


trouble, you think about the impeachment of President Clinton for


instance. Or during the war accusations of the misuse of


intelligence information, the bad intelligence that got us into the


war in Iraq said there were times when the White House has had bad


relations which covers them everyday. What is unusual is that


from the start. After a campaign from the start. After a campaign


which has been contentious. What is unusual is the way the president has


questioned the motives of the press. Basically accusing them of wilfully


misrepresenting things, Miss reporting things to make him look


bad, that is unusual. What you think the press needs to do now that


President Trump is an office about the issue of alternative facts,


falsehoods, distortions, lies, whatever you want to name them


because it does seem that this is a campaign that has frequently put out


information that is provably not true. And what's also is that trust


in the mainstream media has declined in this country is faith in other


institutions here has declined. We have to get up every day and do the


best job we can to be as accurate and factual as possible and one of


the main things we do when it comes to holding the government


accountable is pointing out when things are factually inaccurate.


That is going to be a big part. Isn't there a danger that the press


puts itself in a right from the start of being the opposition? Not


the opposition and our obligation to correct inaccuracies goes to both


sides, it goes to Democrats on the hill and people marching in the


women's march on Washington and see people at the inauguration so it is


abroad obligation. But it is especially critical I think in


covering a president especially a president were all kinds of policies


are being set. Thank you. This is going to be an interesting


relationship between the press and the White House because there is a


risk we get into the position where we spend our whole time talking


about things like crowd sizes and the onus will be on the press there


to talk about policy as well and what is happening what is not just


being said. They'll have to pick their way through the facts and


alternative fax. A reminder that you can


follow us on social media Join us at the same time tomorrow,


when we'll be looking at what the new China America


relationship might look like under President Trump.


And a busy day tomorrow for the British Prime Minister -


the Supreme Court will be handing down its ruling on whether Theresa


May needs parliament's assent Just before we go, if you want


to join in the discussion tonight, I will be on the BBC's Facebook Live


page straight after the programme.


Download Subtitles