30/01/2017 100 Days


30/01/2017

As President Trump takes office, BBC News teams in Washington and London report on the events that are shaping our world.


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President Trump defends his temporary ban on citizens

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from seven countries entering the United States.

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There have been angry protests in the United States -

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and still some confusion over who it applies to.

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The President blames chaos at airports on a computer outage,

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and mocks Democrats involved in the protests.

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Shock Schumer yesterday with fake tears. I will ask who is his acting

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coach will stop -- Chuck Schumer. I'll speak to some of those

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affected by the policy - and hear from Trump voters

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who are fully behind it. As far as security to our country,

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threats to our country, if they feel this is necessary, I am with it all

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the way. No matter how high I get in my career, it will still be the

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Syrian Muslim, that will be it. Here in the UK - nearly one

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and a half million signatures. The petition calling for the UK

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government to abandon Donald Trump's proposed state visit to Britain

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is growing - but Theresa May I have issued that invitation, the

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invitation to President Trump to the United Kingdom and that protest

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stands. The protests are beginning in London tonight. The Foreign

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Secretary says UK passport holders and dual nationals will not be

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affected by the ban. I'm Katty Kay in Washington

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and Christian Fraser's in London. Week two of the Trump administration

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- and already there are legal challenges to one of the President's

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key election pledges - the introduction of a temporary ban

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on refugees and visa holders from seven majority Muslim

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countries, including Iraq and Syria. Today European governments have

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been seeking further clarity on who is banned,

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and who is not. But Mr Trump makes no apology

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for the way the ban was implemented, as Nick Bryant reports

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from New York. A policy intended to

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defend America is seen by protestors as an attack

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on American values. And the demonstrations

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against the travel ban brought This was Portland,

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Oregon and an angry clash between supporters and opponents

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of the president. Inside airports there has been great

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confusion over who should be allowed into America,

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partly because the ban was implemented so quickly

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without consultation with the relevant

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government agencies. And it wasn't just Muslim

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arrivals who struggled This was the leading Democrat

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on Capitol Hill, Chuck Schumer. It was mean spirited

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and un-American. This morning at the White

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House, President Trump I noticed Chuck Schumer

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with fake tears yesterday. It was the protestors thronging

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airports who Donald Trump claims are responsible for any chaos

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over the weekend. Then an airline computer glitch

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grounded more than 150 flights. He defended his travel

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ban on Twitter. He said there was nothing nice

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about searching for terrorists This was a big part of my

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campaign, study the world. The bad would rush

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into our country in a week. Over the water from

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the Statue of Liberty, is Staten Island, the only New York

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borough to vote for Donald Trump. Here there is strong

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support for the travel ban. Whatever needs to be

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done, has to be done. We live in a country of democracy

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and if the majority of people feel they are threatened and wants

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to have things in place, then we should be able

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to have things in place. Donald Trump boasted throughout

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the campaign he was a businessman But even members of his own

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party have been critical of the botched roll-out

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of a signature policy. In the past few hours

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the Foreign Secretary here in the UK has clarified again

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that the extreme vetting programme will not apply to British citizens

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with dual nationality. But - today American

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embassies around On the Facebook page

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of the Embassy in Berlin, officials said any "national or dual

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national" from the seven affected countries should not

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schedule a visa appointment. Well, we've been speaking

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to one woman directly affected by the ban -

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Batool Shannan. She is a Syrian scientist who lives

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in Essen in North Germany, who had already obtained a visa

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to visit the US. I asked her how she felt as a Muslim

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who was effectively locked out of the country. I had never thought of

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myself as different. The religion is personal. It is part of you. But you

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don't really show it around. I am not the kind of person who goes

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around saying, I am a Muslim. I am not really a practising Muslim. A

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lot of people cannot guess because of my parents but once they know I

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come from Syria, they make the connection. It is really demeaning.

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That is probably a strong word but the way I feel about it, no matter

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what I do on the matter how high I get in my career, it will still be

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the Syrian Muslim, that will be it. Everything else will be stripped

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away. You can never be equal to the people here, for example. Not here

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literally in Germany, but in general. You are not measured by

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your achievements, you are measured by the two things you cannot

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control, like your citizenship is given to you at birth, and your

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religion is usually chosen by parents. You can choose whatever you

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want to do with it but like I said, it is private. I am not prepared to

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share it with anybody, because I didn't hurt anybody with it, it is

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mine. Batool Shannan speaking to us earlier. When we looked at the

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concept of this programme, 100 days, some people said, is it 100 days of

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Donald Trump, or is it 100 days of how things are affected around the

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world. What really became clear is the two things were deeply

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connected. We have seen that very clearly over the course of the last

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few days. I think we have lost Katty. That is the problem being

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3000 miles apart. There she is. 3000 miles apart and a technical glitch!

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We were pains to point out that the 100 days did not just apply to

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Donald Trump's presidency, but also how it would affect security, the

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economy and defence around the world. We got a sense of how the

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world really is. You have to be aware of how far the White House is

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aware of what the fallout would be from the executive order on Friday,

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in terms of what allies around the world would think. But also if they

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care. How much is the White House national security team, in terms of

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secretary of defence, the secretary of State, the head of the CIA, are

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they on board with this? Because they are the ones who have to deal

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in terms of collecting intelligence, in terms of formulating policy with

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America's allies and this is not good for America. I have lived in

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America for 25 years and the only time I have seen at global reaction

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like this was in the run-up to the Iraq war because of what George Bush

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was doing. A lot of this has been about Steve Bannon, one of the

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senior advisers to Donald Trump will stop he was once in charge of

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Breibart. Some people are saying he is now supplanting the military top

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brass. Some are saying the military top brass are not excluded although

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that did seem the position of the executive order which is now signed.

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George Bush specifically said he did not want Karl rove, who was a

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political appointees come in on those intelligence meetings because

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he wanted it pure intelligence, not litter sized intelligence. We can

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now speak to retired Army General Wesley Clark. He served that Nato

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and was a former presidential candidate on the Democrat side. He

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is in Little Rock, Arkansas. I want to ask you about this travel ban on

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immigrants from seven countries. As a security matter, it is a mistake.

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It does not help your security. First, you cannot win the war at the

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border, second we might be doing what is called extreme vetting of

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people in the country anyway. Third, it does alienate us from governments

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who are trying to help off abroad, and defeat since the Al-Qaeda and

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Isis propaganda lines. You can only view this in terms of follow-through

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on a campaign pledge terms of American domestic politics. It is

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like the other executive orders which was signed in the first week

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of the Trump administration. It could be called the education of

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Donald Trump. It could be called something else. But you cannot

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govern the country with executive orders which are not coordinated and

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apparently this wasn't. I will not ask what else you would call this!

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You and I know that if you poll the American public, as polls have been

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done recently on stricter immigration procedures, he

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campaigned radically on tougher administration Leave immigration

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procedures. He is just following through on what he campaigned on.

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You could argue that but the consequences were not foreseen

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because the circumstances were not understood. If you polled the

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American public, 70% are in favour of tighter gun control but we will

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not get that and 70% are in favour of family planning but this runs

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counter to the mandate in office. This is the rough and tumble of

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politics. General Clark, as a former supreme Allied Commander, spell it

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out for us a little bit more specifically, how this might hurt

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American national security? Well, we have to work with our allies and the

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Allies have to work with us. We have had mixed messages from the Trump

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administration and figures within the Trump administration on Nato. I

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thought we got some clarity with Prime Minister May's visit last

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week. They both agreed that Nato was important but beyond that, when you

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get into specific issues, you have to do intelligence sharing, you have

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to talk about people, you have to talk about groups with Muslim

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countries, because they are the ones who know these groups and people

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best. If you cut off your relationships with those countries

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and think you can build a wall, literally or figurative Lee around

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America and Europe, you are making a mistake. You are not strengthening

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security, you are weakening it. How would you advise your European

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allies to deal with the Trump administration on this issue? Well,

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on this issue, I think you have got to go back through all the different

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methods of reaching out. We have intelligence to intelligence, state

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to Foreign Ministry, state to defence cooperation, we have

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alliance organisations, we have economic. You have to come back on

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every single issue, on every single connection point back to the

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administration, as well as having the ambassador talking to the state

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department. You have business people who have been dealing with Donald

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Trump. There are UK businessmen who know Donald Trump. Maybe they have a

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view on this? That is general Clark from Arkansas. His guide on dealing

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with the Trump administration! There has been some more news in

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Washington. On Twitter Donald Trump said he would reveal the nomination

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for the Supreme Court live. The president says he will

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announce his choice On Twitter, Mr Trump wrote he'll

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reveal his nomination live There's been a vacancy

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on the Supreme Court bench since last February,

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after the death of Mr Trump said he'd be nominating

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someone who was "pro-life". Police in Canada say they've

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arrested a suspect after a mosque Six people were killed and at least

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a dozen others were injured, when shots were fired

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inside the building Another man was arrested

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and police say, he's now Canada's Prime Minister Justin

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Trudeau says it was a terrorist The Australian government says

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the US has agreed to honour a deal to resettle refugees currently

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being held in off-shore detention Mr Obama had agreed

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to take on refugees on Manus Island and Nauru -

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and there were doubts about whether Mr Trump would follow

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through given his latest travel ban. Many of the refugees

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are from Iran, Iraq and Syria. A petition to cancel

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President Trump's state visit to the UK has just reached

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1.4 million signatures. Members of Parliament

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have criticised the ban, and will debate the state

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visit on Tuesday. As we mentioned a little earlier

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the British Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson has been addressing

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parliament in the past few hours - The general principle is that all

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British passport holders remain welcome to travel to the US. We have

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received assurances, we have received assurances from the US

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Embassy that this executive order will make no difference to any

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British passport holder, irrespective of their country of

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birth, or whether they hold another passport. That is the current

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Foreign Secretary, let's speak to the former Conservative Foreign

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Secretary, Malcolm Rifkind. What do you make of this petition?

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Well, I think it genuinely reflects the views of a large number of

:16:11.:16:15.

people in the United Kingdom, but you cannot conduct International

:16:16.:16:18.

Relations on the basis of the number of people who may or may not have

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signed a petition. But there is a general feeling that maybe the

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extension of a state visit was held out too early, was not something we

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could have held back? Cull you seem to misunderstand the point of state

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visits. They are not meant to be a personal to the individual invited,

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nor a reward for treatment they have carried out. We had a state visit

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from the President of China a few months ago and China is not exactly

:16:48.:16:50.

a democratic country that respects human rights but it was crucial in

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order to advance the United Kingdom was my interests and influence China

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in its behaviour. If that is true of China it is to be at least as true

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when you're dealing with someone who whatever we think of them, and I

:17:04.:17:08.

have no admirer of Mr Trump, but he is the democratically elected

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President of the United States. I understand no US President has been

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offered a state visit in his first year of office. Because previous

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Presidents were already established political figures. We are dealing

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with somebody who nobody expected to be President. This is a crucial

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period for trying to get some opportunity to be able to influence

:17:31.:17:34.

his decisions both now and over the weeks and months ahead. Clearly, a

:17:35.:17:39.

state visit of the kind that is proposed bills on what has already

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been achieved by Theresa May in her meeting in Washington. The United

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Kingdom has an opportunity to influence the President at this

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moment in time probably more than any other foreign head of

:17:53.:17:55.

government. That is something we will use in a positive way. The

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Prime Minister has made clear on this issue that is captivating

:18:00.:18:04.

attention today, the UK strongly disagrees with the measures in the

:18:05.:18:11.

executive order. Let's have a listen to the Prime Minister, who is in

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Dublin today as a guest of Enda Kenny. This is what she had to say

:18:15.:18:20.

on the travel ban. In relation to the policies that have been

:18:21.:18:23.

announced by the United States, the UK takes a different approach. I was

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Home Secretary for six years and at no stage did I introduce those sorts

:18:29.:18:32.

of arrangements. So obviously, President Trump is now moving to put

:18:33.:18:40.

into place what he had said he would do, but we have a different approach

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to these matters in the UK. Theresa May, speaking in Dublin. Sir

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Malcolm, I just wanted to ask, your advice to Theresa May is to deal

:18:50.:18:53.

with Donald Trump in a polite but firm way on issues she might

:18:54.:18:56.

disagree with him on. You could argue that is exactly what she did

:18:57.:19:01.

on Friday and did not really get very far. No sooner is she on the

:19:02.:19:06.

plane back to UK and Turkey, this row erupts over the immigration

:19:07.:19:11.

bill, making her look a little like Tony Blair did with George Bush. I

:19:12.:19:17.

was not present at these power conversations but we have no

:19:18.:19:20.

indication they discussed refugee questions. It was her ability to say

:19:21.:19:28.

without any contribution by him but he is 100% in favour of Nato, which

:19:29.:19:32.

is a big step in the right direction compared to what you're saying

:19:33.:19:36.

during the election campaign. As far as the current controversy is

:19:37.:19:40.

concerned, I think the UK Government has two responsibilities, the first

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which it has already done is to say clearly and unambiguously that it

:19:45.:19:48.

disapproves, disagrees with the executive order and thinks there's a

:19:49.:19:52.

very unwise decision. The second obligation is to use the diplomatic

:19:53.:19:57.

means available to it to seek to influence changes in that decision.

:19:58.:20:02.

Already, by getting the Foreign Secretary and the Home Secretary to

:20:03.:20:05.

get in touch with their counterparts in Washington, we have had it

:20:06.:20:09.

clarified that those with dual nationality will not be affected by

:20:10.:20:13.

the band. They does not resolve the overall controversy but it is a big

:20:14.:20:17.

step for tens of thousands of people who are affected by that. -- by the

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ban. By good chance, we have a Prime Minister who already has a very

:20:24.:20:28.

constructive personal relationship with the American President. I'd

:20:29.:20:34.

remember, was Margaret Thatcher's -- in Margaret Thatcher's government

:20:35.:20:39.

and involved with meetings she had with Mr Gorbachev, they totally

:20:40.:20:42.

disagreed with each other, however, by personal conversation in a

:20:43.:20:47.

constructive way, she was able to end up saying, this is a man with

:20:48.:20:51.

whom we can do business, and that led to the end of the Cold War,

:20:52.:20:55.

through President Reagan as well, without a shot being fired. On this

:20:56.:21:00.

petition, the wording is such that it is not really drawing issue with

:21:01.:21:03.

him coming to the UK, it is the capacity of the state visit. They

:21:04.:21:08.

worry he might embarrass the Queen. Maybe for our global viewers, you

:21:09.:21:11.

can explain why that might be the case. If I can say in the most

:21:12.:21:18.

respectful and loyal way, Her Majesty the Queen is not capable of

:21:19.:21:22.

being embarrassed. If you remember how difficult and painful it was

:21:23.:21:28.

when we did the deal with the IRA to bring peace in Northern Ireland, and

:21:29.:21:33.

the Queen at one stage had to shake hands with Gerry Adams and Martin

:21:34.:21:39.

McGuinness, and her own family, Lord Mountbatten, had been one of the

:21:40.:21:43.

people murdered by the IRA. The Queen is head of state and just as

:21:44.:21:46.

the rest of us often have to do things which we personally dislike,

:21:47.:21:50.

if we have public responsibilities, we have to decide what the interests

:21:51.:21:55.

of our country as a whole require of us, otherwise we should not be in

:21:56.:21:59.

that job. So the question of a state visit, state visits are more than

:22:00.:22:05.

just working visits, but they have a serious purpose, not just

:22:06.:22:08.

ceremonial, they are there in order to have the maximum impact on

:22:09.:22:13.

another head of government, with whom we can make important progress

:22:14.:22:17.

on things that we believe in and we wish to see advance. If we can do

:22:18.:22:21.

that better to a state visit than without one, there is not the

:22:22.:22:24.

slightest doubt in my mind that that is the right thing to do. The

:22:25.:22:28.

sooner, the better. Because Donald Trump, like his predecessors, need

:22:29.:22:33.

advice, is less aware of foreign policy in particular, than most any

:22:34.:22:37.

of his predecessors over the last 50 years. Sir Malcolm, thank you for

:22:38.:22:39.

being with us. Very interesting to hear his defence

:22:40.:22:49.

of the rationale behind the state visit and why that is a good idea,

:22:50.:22:54.

he seems to be saying, at the moment. And also his defence, I

:22:55.:22:58.

think, of Theresa May and the efforts she has made to try to

:22:59.:23:02.

influence the White House, when of course as you know, those protesters

:23:03.:23:07.

are thinking actually, she seems to have caved too much. But there have

:23:08.:23:10.

been protests across the Middle East as well reacting to Mr Trump's

:23:11.:23:14.

travel ban. The BBC has heard stories around the whole region. In

:23:15.:23:20.

Iraq, the Parliament has called for retaliation and a ban on Americans

:23:21.:23:27.

visiting. More than 12,000 of those refugees were from Syria. Alex

:23:28.:23:30.

Forsyth has spent the day with one of those affected.

:23:31.:23:35.

A desperate sound but all too familiar for the UN's refugee

:23:36.:23:40.

reception in Beirut. This is where hundreds of thousands of those who

:23:41.:23:44.

fled Syria come for aid or advice. This morning, along with the usual

:23:45.:23:49.

queues and quiet resignation, there was added frustration now Syrian

:23:50.:23:53.

refugees have been banned from the US. For two years, Yasser has wanted

:23:54.:23:59.

to find a new country in which he can settle. He said today, even if

:24:00.:24:02.

given the chance, he would never go to America. TRANSLATION: I do not

:24:03.:24:09.

want to go to a racist country that discriminate against Arabs and

:24:10.:24:12.

Muslims. For others, it is another hope fading. Like this man,

:24:13.:24:18.

desperate to leave Lebanon -- this woman, desperate to leave Lebanon

:24:19.:24:22.

and get help for her cancer ridden child. She told me, I just want to

:24:23.:24:26.

be treated like any other human being, look in a country which

:24:27.:24:29.

protect my rights and helps my children.

:24:30.:24:32.

Only a fraction of Syrian refugees would have been eligible for

:24:33.:24:35.

resettlement in the United States. Those deemed to be the most

:24:36.:24:40.

vulnerable. Yet, still here, news of President Trump's executive order

:24:41.:24:43.

has increased the sense of hopelessness. Many feel another door

:24:44.:24:49.

is now closed to them. Elsewhere, there is anger as cases emerge of

:24:50.:24:52.

legitimate residents being stopped from returning to America. Like Ali,

:24:53.:24:58.

from Iraq, who has lived near LA for three years but is stuck in Jordan

:24:59.:25:03.

after leaving the US will work. Yesterday he missed his six-year-old

:25:04.:25:08.

daughter's bracket. TRANSLATION: Today I went to buy a new ticket by

:25:09.:25:12.

companies advised me not to travel. -- daughter's birthday. As the

:25:13.:25:20.

confusions plead out across the Middle East, the scale of those

:25:21.:25:25.

affected is still unclear. World-renowned clarinet player

:25:26.:25:33.

Jeanne Anne is here for a concert. One of the many unsure if he will be

:25:34.:25:40.

able to return home. I have not been able to go back for a few years and

:25:41.:25:45.

now, this other home with my friends and family, now that has also been

:25:46.:25:54.

barred. Watt-mac the consequences of the American immigration changes are

:25:55.:25:57.

echoing around the region. In many places leaving behind questions and

:25:58.:26:04.

growing discord. Alex Forsyth, BBC News, Beirut.

:26:05.:26:06.

You're watching One Hundred Days from BBC News.

:26:07.:26:17.

We have seen a lot of cloud today, rather misty and murky day as well

:26:18.:26:25.

with temperatures in double figures, perhaps here in Swanage, but there

:26:26.:26:30.

was some sunshine across Scotland, chilly here, with of fog and we also

:26:31.:26:34.

had some sunshine across the far North of England. You can see the

:26:35.:26:39.

difference in temperature from earlier as well. Double figures

:26:40.:26:44.

towards the South West, nearer three Celsius in the Highlands. Tumbling

:26:45.:26:47.

for a while in Scotland and the north-east England. Then all this

:26:48.:26:51.

cloud comes in is lovely from the West, bringing rain and drizzle. The

:26:52.:26:56.

more substantial rain comes into Northern Ireland and western

:26:57.:26:58.

Scotland later. The wind picking up and a lot of low cloud, Sam Hill fog

:26:59.:27:03.

and pretty mild. But chilly for a while across eastern areas.

:27:04.:27:07.

Temperatures slow to rise during tomorrow. Some rain pushing its way

:27:08.:27:12.

East across Scotland are some gusty wind, particularly around the Moray

:27:13.:27:16.

Firth. The wettest weather probably first thing across Northern Ireland,

:27:17.:27:21.

especially more eastern parts. Spitz and spots of rain and drizzle coming

:27:22.:27:26.

in crossing them and Wales, a lot of low cloud and Sam Hill fog. -- some

:27:27.:27:35.

hill fog. Deborah Gers are still sitting at ten or 11 Celsius,

:27:36.:27:39.

contrasting with the chilly start for the Easter inside of the

:27:40.:27:43.

country. The wet weather clears away from Northern Ireland and we get

:27:44.:27:46.

some sunshine. That rain pushing East across Scotland. It will be

:27:47.:27:49.

rather heavy at times. Gusty winds as well. A chilly wind blowing

:27:50.:27:54.

across eastern parts of England and Scotland. Milder further West.

:27:55.:27:57.

Premier league football returns tomorrow. It returns with this

:27:58.:28:03.

cloudy and mild air, there could be some rain around as well. For the

:28:04.:28:08.

first day of February, Wednesday, we will have some cloud and rain. Most

:28:09.:28:12.

of it heading into the North Sea but lingering in the South East of

:28:13.:28:16.

England. More rain coming into Wales and the South West. In between a

:28:17.:28:20.

little brighter after a chilly start in Scotland, eight to 11 Celsius.

:28:21.:28:23.

The weather will be coming in from the Atlantic this week and later in

:28:24.:28:27.

the week, areas of low pressure pushing up from the South and West,

:28:28.:28:31.

which will threaten some wind and rain. That is the theme for the week

:28:32.:28:34.

ahead. The wind will get stronger this week. That will blow in some

:28:35.:28:40.

rain from time to time. On the whole, I think will be on the might

:28:41.:28:44.

-- mild sight, a far cry from what we have been used it over the last

:28:45.:28:46.

week or so. Welcome back to 100 Days -

:28:47.:30:10.

with Katty Kay in Washington As protests are held across America,

:30:11.:30:25.

Donald Trump is making no apologies for the way his travel ban was

:30:26.:30:30.

implemented across the weekend. And how much of a dusty how to push

:30:31.:30:35.

these changes through? We will have a look at President Trump's

:30:36.:30:47.

popularity. We do have some news coming in to us. It is from the

:30:48.:30:51.

office of the former President Barack Obama. This is his first date

:30:52.:30:54.

men since leaving the White House men since leaving the White House

:30:55.:30:57.

and his officers President Obama fundamentally disagrees with the

:30:58.:31:02.

notion of discriminating because of faith or religion. The statement

:31:03.:31:08.

says he has been heartened by the civic engagement of the country.

:31:09.:31:13.

has had a lot to say about President has had a lot to say about President

:31:14.:31:18.

Obama's presidency. Is it usual to get involved this soon? I am

:31:19.:31:24.

surprised he is getting involved this soon but I'm not surprised

:31:25.:31:29.

because of the protests we saw at the weekend. Barack Obama did say

:31:30.:31:35.

that he felt if there were issues of the fundamental nature of the values

:31:36.:31:39.

of America and what it meant to the American then he would weigh in on

:31:40.:31:45.

them. At the time the suggestion was about immigration and Hispanics but

:31:46.:31:52.

now the president feels he needs to get involved in this. He did say he

:31:53.:31:56.

would leave office and be quiet for a bit.

:31:57.:32:04.

The one foreign policy area that has defeated all US presidents,

:32:05.:32:06.

is finding a negotiated settlement to the Israeli Palestinian conflict.

:32:07.:32:09.

It's no secret that Barack Obama saw Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu

:32:10.:32:11.

as one of the main impediments to peace, particularly when it came

:32:12.:32:14.

to the building of Israeli settlements in the West Bank.

:32:15.:32:17.

In contrast, Donald Trump has vowed to be Israel's "best friend".

:32:18.:32:22.

He has invited Benjamin Netanyahu to the White House on February 15. We

:32:23.:32:28.

have just heard that. He condemned a UN Security Council

:32:29.:32:30.

resolution last year, that called for a halt to settlement

:32:31.:32:32.

building, and he has promised to move the US embassy

:32:33.:32:35.

in Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. Politics changes but Jewish

:32:36.:32:46.

tradition remains. The ancient ritual of transcribing the Torah for

:32:47.:32:53.

prayer boxes. From this factory in a settlement, this man has seen

:32:54.:32:58.

American Presidents come and go. Now he hopes Donald Trump will write a

:32:59.:33:04.

new chapter in US Israel relations. Obama came and Obama went, thank

:33:05.:33:08.

God. That is what we think about Obama. Let's hope that we won't have

:33:09.:33:18.

to think the same about Trump in four or eight years from now.

:33:19.:33:23.

Rhetoric is cheap. Talk is cheap. Actions speak. Ties weakened under

:33:24.:33:31.

President Obama who was against settlement building. The final blow

:33:32.:33:35.

was allowing a resolution against it to pass at the UN. Israel was

:33:36.:33:43.

furious. Because Israel is tough and smart and strong and Israel has been

:33:44.:33:49.

sold out by Obama. Donald Trump has taken a far more pro-Israel line,

:33:50.:33:54.

vowing to move the Embassy to Jerusalem. He said he would be

:33:55.:34:00.

Israel's best friend in America. This settlement is deep in the

:34:01.:34:03.

occupied West Bank which Palestinians want for a free state.

:34:04.:34:12.

David Friedman, the President's pic for US ambassador, the President's

:34:13.:34:18.

son and son-in-law have donated to it. He will not limit us like Obama

:34:19.:34:24.

did. Maybe the world will change their approach to follow Donald

:34:25.:34:29.

Trump. That the Palestinians say it is also their territory.

:34:30.:34:33.

TRANSLATION: The Arabs claim it is theirs, it is not all birds. Those

:34:34.:34:40.

who want to come and live in peace can but otherwise they can go. They

:34:41.:34:49.

America, sort of, is entrenched America, sort of, is entrenched

:34:50.:34:55.

here, but they fear support from Washington is burning away. The

:34:56.:35:00.

language we have heard, particularly the language of ideology, that

:35:01.:35:04.

Israel can do no wrong and the US will be the victim of Israel, and in

:35:05.:35:09.

many ways the partner of Israel in its illegal activities, this is

:35:10.:35:15.

serious cause for alarm, and if it moves its embassy, then there is no

:35:16.:35:20.

reason to talk about any solution because it is finished. It is done

:35:21.:35:27.

for. This is where a US embassy injuries in a stand, but the Trump

:35:28.:35:31.

administration has now lowered expectations saying discussions are

:35:32.:35:37.

at a very early stage. For years, the US has leased this empty plot

:35:38.:35:41.

from Israel for the annual rent of a dollar. Successful presidents and

:35:42.:35:46.

candidates have vowed to move here and then ditched it. Now Donald

:35:47.:35:50.

Trump appears to be rowing back somewhat on the same promise. When

:35:51.:35:54.

it comes to the new president, nobody knows what his Middle East

:35:55.:35:58.

policy will be, whether an embassy will be built here and whether his

:35:59.:36:01.

rhetoric will translate into reality. So an unknown quantity that

:36:02.:36:09.

Israel's most important ally is renewing the relationship, and

:36:10.:36:12.

others in the region fear what it means for the borders of this

:36:13.:36:21.

contested land. Katty, it is an area I know well and

:36:22.:36:27.

in that part of the world they pay attention to coded signals. The one

:36:28.:36:30.

thing that might be different about this president is he is a

:36:31.:36:34.

transaction or president, he arranges things as if they are

:36:35.:36:38.

business deal, and I wonder if that might be a breath of fresh air for

:36:39.:36:43.

the Middle East peace process. You are right, he is transactional. At

:36:44.:36:45.

the weekend he spent an hour the weekend he spent an hour

:36:46.:36:50.

speaking to the king of Saudi Arabia and the ruler of the United Arab

:36:51.:36:54.

Emirates. A sign that having this uproar over the immigration ban, he

:36:55.:36:59.

was still going to deal with senior Arab officials. When it comes to the

:37:00.:37:03.

Israeli-Palestinian question, Donald Trump has made it clear he would

:37:04.:37:07.

like to be the American president who solves this problem and he has

:37:08.:37:11.

put his son-in-law Jared Kushner in charge of doing that so it is

:37:12.:37:14.

something he will focus on but there are a lot of problems in the Middle

:37:15.:37:17.

East as there are four other presidents. We will watch it

:37:18.:37:25.

closely. We are going to turn back to the travel ban.

:37:26.:37:27.

So some very noisy and visible protests this weekend in America.

:37:28.:37:30.

But does that reflect popular sentiment around the country.

:37:31.:37:32.

What are the polls telling us about Donald Trump's

:37:33.:37:34.

His approval ratings for an incoming president were pretty low.

:37:35.:37:37.

45% of Americans in favour, and by Saturday it had dropped to 42%.

:37:38.:37:43.

The inaugural address was broadly well received with around half

:37:44.:37:47.

We don't have any new polling on what they make of the travel ban

:37:48.:37:52.

but data collected earlier this month showed nearly half

:37:53.:37:54.

Here's what some of the Trump supporters on Staten Island

:37:55.:38:01.

We lived in a dangerous world on Donald Trump's number one job is to

:38:02.:38:14.

protect the American people. I have mixed feelings because members of my

:38:15.:38:17.

family came as immigrants and they came here in a much different time

:38:18.:38:22.

in history, and now with all the Lone wolves that operate and attack

:38:23.:38:28.

the US, we really need to have some form of betting in place. --

:38:29.:38:36.

vetting. I think circumstances in the Middle East over the last few

:38:37.:38:41.

years require a degree of caution that we have not been exercising

:38:42.:38:46.

before so I do think it is important. I'd trust him. His number

:38:47.:38:51.

one job is to protect the American people and he said he would do it so

:38:52.:38:55.

that is why he was voted in. Do I agree with everything he is doing

:38:56.:39:00.

right now? No, identical. But I feel he has a reason for doing what he is

:39:01.:39:08.

doing so we have to wait and see. My parents are immigrants as well.

:39:09.:39:11.

Although they came here legally with their own Visa and stuff like that.

:39:12.:39:15.

Hopefully, in the future they can also have a future in the way my

:39:16.:39:22.

people want to come to my country people want to come to my country

:39:23.:39:25.

and they want to live here and stay here, if the betting is part of the

:39:26.:39:28.

process, that should be acceptable to them as if I went to their

:39:29.:39:34.

country and there was a vetting process in place that I would have

:39:35.:39:39.

to abide by. But some of the people at the airport had already had their

:39:40.:39:45.

visa checks. We are very threatened in this country and there are a lot

:39:46.:39:49.

of things which our government know about in terms of threats to our

:39:50.:39:54.

country, and if they feel that this is necessary, then I am with it all

:39:55.:39:57.

the way. There we go. It is important to

:39:58.:40:03.

remember there are a lot of people in America who stand. Where behind

:40:04.:40:05.

the president. A lot of the criticism there has

:40:06.:40:07.

been, has focused not on the controls the President

:40:08.:40:10.

was trying to introduce, more on the way they

:40:11.:40:12.

have been implemented. Let's speak to Professor

:40:13.:40:14.

Jonathan Turley - he's a legal scholar

:40:15.:40:16.

from George Washington Professor, let's unpack this, is the

:40:17.:40:26.

law on President Trump's side with this immigration ban? I think he

:40:27.:40:32.

definitely has the advantage. Part of the problem we are seeing is

:40:33.:40:35.

there is plenty to disagree about this executive order. I happen to

:40:36.:40:42.

think it is a terrible mistake, but what the court looks like is not a

:40:43.:40:46.

policy or how it is rolled out, but whether a president has the

:40:47.:40:52.

authority to suspend entries at the border. For the president, his

:40:53.:40:57.

powers at the border, courts have generally deferred to presidents. It

:40:58.:40:59.

is ironic to hear President Obama is ironic to hear President Obama

:41:00.:41:03.

object because last year he told the Supreme Court that he doesn't

:41:04.:41:10.

believe the federal courts should be second-guessing his policies on Ed

:41:11.:41:21.

immigration. He said he fundamentally disagrees with the

:41:22.:41:24.

notion of discriminating against individuals based on their faith or

:41:25.:41:30.

religion. Could that get President Trump into legal trouble? I think it

:41:31.:41:36.

is going to be difficult for a judge to come in and say I will reject the

:41:37.:41:40.

National security claims of the president here or to say it is

:41:41.:41:47.

unconstitutional to bar entry from particular countries. Jimmy Carter,

:41:48.:41:51.

Barack Obama himself, have isolated countries in the past that they

:41:52.:41:55.

believe our national security risks. One thing that will not happen in my

:41:56.:41:59.

view is a federal judge will not view this as a Muslim ban, because

:42:00.:42:05.

technically it is not. We can talk about motivations but federal courts

:42:06.:42:09.

do not get into motivations. They look at this rather dispassionately.

:42:10.:42:14.

They will see a ban that affects some but not most Muslim countries.

:42:15.:42:23.

Thank you, unpacking the legality of this. All of this, the politics, the

:42:24.:42:30.

legality, the international reaction, that is why we are doing

:42:31.:42:37.

this programme. There is a lot happening in Washington which

:42:38.:42:41.

affects our viewers around the world. Tomorrow we will be

:42:42.:42:46.

discussing the Supreme Court. The first Supreme Court nominee will be

:42:47.:42:57.

Days. Laura Trevelyan will be on Days. Laura Trevelyan will be on

:42:58.:43:01.

Facebook live after this. And we'll be back tomorrow,

:43:02.:43:03.

at the same time on BBC World News, and the BBC News Channel in the UK,

:43:04.:43:06.

looking at President Trump's pick

:43:07.:43:11.