26/01/2017 100 Days


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26/01/2017

As President Trump takes office, Katty Kay in Washington and Christian Fraser in London report on the events that are shaping the world.


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The Mexican president cancels a trip to Washington

:00:08.:00:11.

after an ultimatum from Donald Trump.

:00:12.:00:16.

The US President sent a blunt message saying, pay for the wall

:00:17.:00:18.

So, after a diplomatic spat that's played out on Twitter, the meeting

:00:19.:00:26.

Unless Mexico is going to treat the United States fairly, with respect,

:00:27.:00:37.

such a meeting would be fruitless, and I want to go a different route.

:00:38.:00:43.

Later, President Trump is due to meet his first foreign leader,

:00:44.:00:46.

Many millions of Americans rely on Obamacare for health coverage -

:00:47.:00:55.

what happens to them when it's scrapped?

:00:56.:00:58.

I have to have health care in order to survive. If I don't have that

:00:59.:01:06.

health care, if he gets rid of it, I'm dead in the water.

:01:07.:01:10.

The President has signed 12 Executive Orders so far -

:01:11.:01:13.

So how do voters who put Donald Trump in the White House feel

:01:14.:01:17.

And the Presidential candidate who is shaking up French politics -

:01:18.:01:26.

It's a dispute with the neighbours that's spilling out of control -

:01:27.:01:49.

one side wants a dividing wall, the other doesn't.

:01:50.:01:52.

One side wants the other to pay for it, and the other

:01:53.:01:55.

The result - Mexico's President is now cancelling a visit

:01:56.:01:58.

to Washington, after an ultimatum from Donald Trump.

:01:59.:02:01.

The fight between the US and Mexico over that wall

:02:02.:02:06.

took an extraordinary twist on Twitter today.

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Lets see what Donald Trump wrote. If Mexico is unwilling to pay for the

:02:09.:02:16.

badly needed wall, it would be better to cancel the upcoming

:02:17.:02:20.

meeting. And then this riposte from the Mexican president. This morning

:02:21.:02:25.

we informed the White House that I will not be attending the working

:02:26.:02:28.

meeting planned for Tuesday with POTUS.

:02:29.:02:32.

Well just a short time ago, speaking at a Republicans'

:02:33.:02:34.

retreat in Philadelphia, the so-called city of brotherly

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love, President Trump wasn't sending much of it south.

:02:37.:02:39.

The president of Mexico and myself have agreed to cancel our planned

:02:40.:02:45.

meeting scheduled for next week. Unless Mexico is going to treat the

:02:46.:02:50.

United States fairly, with respect, such a meeting would be fruitless,

:02:51.:02:57.

and I want to go a different route. We have no choice.

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For more, let's speak to one of Mr Trump's supporters,

:03:06.:03:08.

the former Republican Congressman, Bob Walker.

:03:09.:03:10.

Thank you for joining us. There are fights that some politicians need to

:03:11.:03:18.

have, and then there are unnecessary ones. Is this one unnecessary? I

:03:19.:03:24.

think it is the Donald Trump. He enunciated during the campaign that

:03:25.:03:27.

he was going to build the wall, and he said Mexico was going to pay for

:03:28.:03:32.

it. The question was, how are they going to pay for it, and that is a

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matter for negotiation. He said that the negotiation stance is that this

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is not going to go away, Mexico will have to respond in some meaningful

:03:44.:03:48.

way to the fact that the wall will get built. And you are a veteran of

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the transmission period when a new administration is taking place. We

:03:54.:03:58.

have had a disagreement over torture, what to replace Obamacare

:03:59.:04:03.

with, differences over what sort of border tax should be imposed. How

:04:04.:04:06.

would you characterise the way it is going? I think so far they have done

:04:07.:04:12.

remarkably well. Let's look at what he is doing in these first few days.

:04:13.:04:18.

He is taking all of the things that he talked about on the campaign

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trail, and he is moving quickly to either put legislation in place that

:04:24.:04:31.

will play out over the next few months, or he is actually issuing

:04:32.:04:34.

executive orders that are taking effect immediately, so I think he is

:04:35.:04:40.

doing a pretty good job, and it fascinates me that in many cases

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some of the media that are portraying these first few days have

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been paying attention to things that are fairly minor compared with the

:04:53.:04:55.

major things that he is really doing. And I'm not sure whether or

:04:56.:05:02.

not his strategy isn't to divert attention away from some of the

:05:03.:05:04.

really big things that he is a cub wishing. Congressman, if I could

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take you back to that Twitter message from Donald Trump today,

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some of the reaction on social media is that this is no diplomacy by

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Twitter. Is it important that the president does this in a more

:05:19.:05:23.

traditional way? I don't think it is, we are in the 21st-century and

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the fact is that we are in an electronic age in which messages are

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communicated in business through Twitter. This is not anything that

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is unusual. I do think that it is going to have to change in that some

:05:39.:05:45.

of the complexities of international diplomacy are going to have to enter

:05:46.:05:49.

into some of the discussions, and you can't do that in 140 characters

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or less, so as we proceed forward, I think that Twitter will become a way

:06:00.:06:03.

of communicating to the American people what his interests are, but

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it will not be the substance of the diplomacy. But you will know,

:06:09.:06:13.

congressman, that messages can be misconstrued on Twitter, and won't

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there be some people in Congress thinking it could be President Pena

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Nieto of Mexico today, it could be Angela Merkel tomorrow. There will

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be people that will have those kinds of concerns, but again, I think that

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everybody has do understand that what he's doing is setting the

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parameters in which he thinks the negotiations will take place, and

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Twitter messages sometimes do that. We saw it on the campaign trail, his

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opponents were frustrated by the fact that his tweets dominated the

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news media for an entire day, and their messages couldn't get out. My

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guess is that he intends to continue that pattern as long as it works for

:06:56.:07:00.

him. OK, congressman Bob Walker, grateful to you, thank you very much

:07:01.:07:02.

indeed for being with us. The British Prime Minister will be

:07:03.:07:08.

the first foreign leader to meet Donald Trump since he became

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President. She will be at the

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White House tomorrow. Tonight she is in Philadelphia,

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where she will be telling Republicans that the US

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and an outward-looking UK In Philadelphia at the Republicans'

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retreat, Donald Trump today suggested that he would lead

:07:20.:07:22.

on negotiations over trade I'm meeting with the Prime Minister

:07:23.:07:32.

tomorrow, as you know, of Great Britain. So I'm meeting with her

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tomorrow, I don't have my, as secretary and they want to

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trade. So I'll have to handle it trade. So I'll have to handle it

:07:39.:07:41.

myself. LAUGHTER

:07:42.:07:51.

Which is OK. Well, the BBC's Laura Trevelyan is in Washington for us.

:07:52.:07:55.

Going back over Prime Minister is and presidents we have known

:07:56.:07:58.

throughout the ages, can you think of two more different in terms of

:07:59.:08:01.

character, personality and all the rest of it than Theresa May and

:08:02.:08:07.

President Trump? It is a little bit difficult to imagine, but then I

:08:08.:08:10.

think perhaps Margaret Thatcher and one of Reagan were not an obvious

:08:11.:08:15.

fit, and Theresa May address this on the plane on the way over in a jokey

:08:16.:08:19.

way, saying that sometimes opposites attract. But yes, she is

:08:20.:08:26.

businesslike, low-key, not given to bombast. Donald Trump is the

:08:27.:08:31.

complete opposite. It would be hard to imagine Theresa May starring in

:08:32.:08:36.

reality and that is how Donald Trump came to national prominence, and he

:08:37.:08:40.

used it to run for the presidency. So they are direct opposites, and it

:08:41.:08:44.

will be fascinated to find out what happens. Wouldn't it be nice to be a

:08:45.:08:48.

fly on the wall when they how Berdix Jeju gifts, and by the way, the

:08:49.:08:54.

Prime Minister is going to give the president of Scottish Cup, a symbol

:08:55.:08:57.

of friendships. Lets go from style to substance. What will be the main

:08:58.:09:03.

issues that they want to get to grips with? The big issue is that

:09:04.:09:08.

Britain is about to start the process of leaving the European

:09:09.:09:11.

Union, and the Prime Minister would like a trade deal with the US. This

:09:12.:09:15.

also suits Donald Trump, because he wants to show that the big

:09:16.:09:18.

multilateral trade deals that he doesn't like like Nafta and the

:09:19.:09:24.

Pacific rim one can be replaced by strong bilateral agreements with

:09:25.:09:28.

allies. The problem of course with that is that Britain has to leave

:09:29.:09:32.

the European Union before it can start officially negotiating a trade

:09:33.:09:39.

deal with the US, so Theresa May has to walk a bit of a fine line, not

:09:40.:09:45.

really annoying those in the EU by seeing too eager to rush into

:09:46.:09:47.

negotiation with the US straightaway. And also it is an

:09:48.:09:51.

opportunity for her to underline Britain's's support for Nato. Trump

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Tower said Nato is obsolete, he has questioned the value of it, so it is

:09:59.:10:01.

an opportunity for her to show that she can have a relationship with the

:10:02.:10:05.

US wants Britain leaves the EU, but also to stick up for Britain's

:10:06.:10:09.

principles. Thank you very much, Laura.

:10:10.:10:11.

Britain and the United States love to talk about their so-called

:10:12.:10:16.

We've had a dip into the archives to look at some of the most

:10:17.:10:21.

And historic picture of two great leaders determined to extinguish the

:10:22.:10:28.

menace of Hitler. He reminded them that his mother was American. If my

:10:29.:10:32.

father had been American, and my mother British, instead of the other

:10:33.:10:38.

way around, I might have got here on my own!

:10:39.:10:49.

In Britain, you will find a ready response, an ally, valiant, staunch

:10:50.:10:59.

and true. That's exactly right. Thank you. The

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thing I want to leave people with the impression of is that ours will

:11:15.:11:17.

be a strong and good personal relationship. And an alliance that

:11:18.:11:21.

will stand the test of time. As Laura says the main topic

:11:22.:11:30.

tomorrow will be the trade deal It can't be signed of course until

:11:31.:11:32.

the UK officially leaves the EU. One man who will likely be consulted

:11:33.:11:37.

on the Brexit process, Professor Ted Malloch,

:11:38.:11:43.

is tipped as the next US He is a professor at the Henley

:11:44.:11:45.

Business School here in the UK. Thank you for coming to see us. When

:11:46.:11:58.

is the confirmation call? When will you get the job? After the Secretary

:11:59.:12:05.

of State is confirmed, then the ambassadors will be named, so we

:12:06.:12:09.

last few days that we are no longer last few days that we are no longer

:12:10.:12:14.

at the back of the queue with the rhetoric of President Obama, we are

:12:15.:12:18.

somewhere near the front. I think you are at the very front, and that

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is proved by the visit that will take place tomorrow. That you have

:12:23.:12:26.

said you think it radio could be done once we are free of the

:12:27.:12:29.

European Union within 90 days? I talk to people on the Trump team,

:12:30.:12:33.

and I have talked to be Berlin but ten as well, and if you get the

:12:34.:12:36.

right people in the right place with the right instructions -- I have

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talked to people in number ten as well. It is very like an acquisition

:12:44.:12:48.

deal, not suggest anyone is acquiring anyone, but if you get

:12:49.:12:51.

those Forces Together, you can do this quickly, it doesn't have to

:12:52.:12:57.

take seven years. You will not be the ambassador to the UK but the EU,

:12:58.:13:01.

and yesterday you were saying it is possible that the single currency

:13:02.:13:05.

might only have 18 months to live. What are they going to think of you

:13:06.:13:11.

in Europe? I think that Europe will make its own decision. It's not

:13:12.:13:14.

something that America will do or undo. In fact, it doesn't have that

:13:15.:13:18.

much influence over the future of the euro. But I do think that there

:13:19.:13:24.

are problems as we have seen already on the periphery of the European

:13:25.:13:29.

continent around that currency. The Senate Majority Leader Mitch

:13:30.:13:31.

McConnell has been talking today about the special relationship.

:13:32.:13:34.

Let's have a look at what he was saying. One of the things that will

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be explored here is a new relationship with the United

:13:42.:13:45.

Kingdom. One of our earliest and oldest allies, their changes in the

:13:46.:13:51.

approach to trade opens up the opportunity to discuss with the

:13:52.:13:55.

Prime Minister the possibility of a bilateral trade agreement with the

:13:56.:14:00.

British people. That was Mitch McConnell. I am interested in this.

:14:01.:14:09.

Is it in America's interests that there is a strong, cohesive European

:14:10.:14:12.

Union, or would you rather that the EU was a series of nation states

:14:13.:14:18.

that you dealt with bilaterally? I think that Donald Trump prefers

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dealing with countries bilaterally. Certainly America it's off would not

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join a supranational organisation, and now the people of written have

:14:29.:14:33.

made that same determination, it wouldn't surprise me if other people

:14:34.:14:36.

in Europe make a similar determination. Jon and I...

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Excuse me, let me be clear on what that means. Would you be in favour

:14:45.:14:50.

of the break-up of the EU? I don't think we should favour or disfavour

:14:51.:14:55.

the break-up of any union, it is a European decision. But Britain has

:14:56.:15:01.

left, and so, too, might others. So we should be prepared to deal with

:15:02.:15:05.

those countries bilaterally. I have enjoyed the differences in Europe

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whether I have travelled there, whether cuisine, language, culture,

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there is very little common language in Europe. Jon and I look at Donald

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Trump's tweets quite a lot call as I'm sure so many people do around

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the world. What I have noticed is he to eat very late at night, perhaps

:15:24.:15:27.

at midnight, I don't know if it is him, it could be one of staff, and

:15:28.:15:32.

then very early in the morning. Is he that kind of guy, is he always up

:15:33.:15:38.

and full of ideas? Donald Trump is, to use his own language, a

:15:39.:15:42.

high-energy human being, what you might not know is he only sleeps

:15:43.:15:46.

four hours a night. So he is a bit like Margaret Thatcher! He is, he

:15:47.:15:53.

has a lot of go, and I'm told that his responsiveness in the tweet

:15:54.:15:57.

world is largely to music out that he reads or hears in the early

:15:58.:16:02.

morning and late at night, so you can probably if you are trying to do

:16:03.:16:07.

an algorithm on those tweets, look at them in those two different time

:16:08.:16:11.

zones. I think you may be busy, he will be calling you in the middle of

:16:12.:16:15.

the night! Just before I let you go, will you base your office in

:16:16.:16:22.

Brussels or here in London? The US ambassador is to the European Union,

:16:23.:16:27.

and that is in Brussels. Best of luck with the job when it finally

:16:28.:16:31.

comes, thank you for coming in to be with us.

:16:32.:16:39.

Back now to the row that has led to the Mexican visit to America being

:16:40.:16:52.

cancelled. Senator Amanda Petter is with us. Did President Pena Nieto

:16:53.:16:58.

make the right decision today? I think he did. A lot of people here

:16:59.:17:01.

in Mexico felt there were no conditions for a good meeting, for a

:17:02.:17:04.

meeting of talking and dialogue. I think the position of President

:17:05.:17:14.

Trump hasn't been the right one. He has said that America will make

:17:15.:17:25.

America pay for the war, and we don't agree with that. I wonder if

:17:26.:17:29.

this is a row which suits both Presidents. President Pena Nieto

:17:30.:17:33.

will look strong at home for standing up to the northern

:17:34.:17:37.

neighbour, and Donald Trump can say, I'm not giving ground, and still

:17:38.:17:39.

saying Mexico has to pay for the war. And you both win. I don't think

:17:40.:17:47.

that will be the final situation. I think that's the condition we have

:17:48.:17:53.

right now, and of course we here in Mexico need to be very united

:17:54.:17:57.

regarding the position that we need to have on this new paradigms, that

:17:58.:18:04.

Donald Trump means for us regarding trade, regarding security, regarding

:18:05.:18:13.

migration, but we share a border of 300,000... 3000 kilometres, so our

:18:14.:18:20.

interaction will continue. So I think it is good to have a pace of

:18:21.:18:23.

time right now, and have things clear. I think Trump has had such a

:18:24.:18:30.

bad speech against Mexico that we need to give a call and...

:18:31.:18:43.

I think we have just lost the Senator, which is a shame, because

:18:44.:18:47.

he was in full flow. We will try to get him back, but for

:18:48.:18:50.

the moment, we will come away from that.

:18:51.:18:54.

At the Republican meeting in Philadelphia where Theresa May

:18:55.:18:56.

will speak later, one of the key policy areas they will discuss

:18:57.:18:59.

is how and when to repeal the Affordable Care Act or Obamacare

:19:00.:19:02.

- which has increased the number of Americans covered

:19:03.:19:04.

by health insurance, though at some cost.

:19:05.:19:06.

While Obamacare is set to be scrapped by Congress -

:19:07.:19:09.

possibly as soon as March or April - no one is clear what will replace

:19:10.:19:13.

it, and this is causing concern for many of the people who rely

:19:14.:19:16.

In New York City, the home of Donald Trump, it is estimated that 1.6

:19:17.:19:29.

million people could lose their health coverage of the affordable

:19:30.:19:33.

care act is repealed. That is one in five of the city's population. Don

:19:34.:19:42.

Leslie suffers from asthma, sleep apnoea and an injured knee. She

:19:43.:19:46.

doesn't know what she would do if she lost her Obamacare coverage.

:19:47.:19:47.

would be a disaster for me. I have would be a disaster for me. I have

:19:48.:19:50.

to have health care in order to survive. If I don't have that health

:19:51.:19:56.

care, if he gets rid of it, I'm dead in the water. No doubt, no doubt.

:19:57.:20:03.

It's not just adults that could lose their coverage, but as many as 4

:20:04.:20:06.

million children, and doctors are also worried about the pact of

:20:07.:20:10.

existing treatments being interrupted. We are talking about

:20:11.:20:15.

millions of people... This doctor says the human consequences of

:20:16.:20:20.

repeal would be dire. We are talking about people dying? We are talking

:20:21.:20:23.

about people dying, people suffering. A patient with high blood

:20:24.:20:28.

pressure who goes without their mitts on for a few months is at

:20:29.:20:31.

higher risk of stroke or heart attack. And a patient with cancer

:20:32.:20:36.

who had started treatment, interruption in care would mean that

:20:37.:20:42.

they are no longer to get the chemotherapy or the radiation

:20:43.:20:44.

therapy or the surgery that they might need. So from that

:20:45.:20:48.

perspective, I am very worried about the real consequences of what is

:20:49.:20:55.

playing out on the national level. Hurling a wrecking ball at Obamacare

:20:56.:21:00.

is in many ways the easy bit. The problem for the Trump administration

:21:01.:21:04.

and Republicans on Capitol Hill is what you replace it with. This is an

:21:05.:21:10.

executive order minimising the economic burden of the affordable

:21:11.:21:14.

care act... Within hours of taking office with a

:21:15.:21:17.

flourish of his pen, Donald Trump started rolling back his

:21:18.:21:22.

predecessor's signature achievement. Without a clear administration plan

:21:23.:21:24.

yet on the table of what to replace it with.

:21:25.:21:29.

But on Capitol Hill, Republicans claim they can draft an alternative

:21:30.:21:32.

that gives more access to more affordable coverage. I don't even

:21:33.:21:37.

like to use the word replace. I like to think of it as repealing the bar

:21:38.:21:41.

that is out there now and fixing what's left over and putting new

:21:42.:21:45.

ideas in place, put some market-driven ideas in place and put

:21:46.:21:48.

things in place that put patients first. For decades, health care has

:21:49.:21:54.

been a polarising fault line issue between progressives and

:21:55.:21:57.

conservatives. Many in the Republican base of been campaigning

:21:58.:22:02.

for years for the end of Obamacare, but abolition carries political

:22:03.:22:04.

risks, especially with poorer working class Americans who helped

:22:05.:22:05.

Donald Trump which Washington. President Trump has been talking

:22:06.:22:18.

about this in the last hour, but really there is nothing wrong with

:22:19.:22:22.

looking at a policy if people's bills are starting to rise. But

:22:23.:22:25.

there are trapdoors here for the president? And from millions of

:22:26.:22:31.

Americans, there is here that they have gone on to Obamacare, their

:22:32.:22:35.

premiums have gone up, their cover has gone down, and the first big you

:22:36.:22:38.

have to pay, the deductible, has gone through the roof. Those people

:22:39.:22:44.

are unhappy and want to see reform, but if you are one of the 20 million

:22:45.:22:48.

people who suddenly got health insurance who didn't before, and you

:22:49.:22:51.

suddenly lose it, what happens to those people? What happens when

:22:52.:22:55.

story starter wouldn't appear in the newspaper that somebody hadn't been

:22:56.:22:58.

able to get their treatment that they were previously able to because

:22:59.:23:02.

they no longer have insurance? That is the danger for the Republicans,

:23:03.:23:05.

and I think they are acutely aware of it. The other issue is, we will

:23:06.:23:11.

make it better for the people, but some of the people on Obamacare are

:23:12.:23:15.

the people who voted for him. Yes, and that is one of the paradoxes. A

:23:16.:23:19.

lot of people in Kentucky and other places who voted for Donald Trump

:23:20.:23:23.

stand to lose a huge amount if they lose their Obamacare, and that is

:23:24.:23:26.

one of the risks that this administration is deeply conscious

:23:27.:23:31.

of. So, Obamacare in the headlines. Let's look at some of the other key

:23:32.:23:33.

stories. The British Government here has

:23:34.:23:41.

paved the way to start the Brexit process.

:23:42.:23:44.

The bill to allow the government to trigger Article 50 -

:23:45.:23:47.

that's the formal process for leaving the EU -

:23:48.:23:49.

was introduced after the Supreme Court ruled that

:23:50.:23:51.

approval was needed by Members of Parliament.

:23:52.:23:54.

The former US Secretary of State Madeleine Albright says

:23:55.:24:00.

she'll register as a Muslim if Donald Trump creates a database

:24:01.:24:03.

She's tweeted "I stand ready to register as Muslim in solidarity".

:24:04.:24:08.

Her comments come in response to rumours about an executive

:24:09.:24:15.

order on extreme vetting, a refugee ban, and a ban on arrivals

:24:16.:24:17.

from seven countries in the Middle East and Africa.

:24:18.:24:23.

Well, even before the American and Mexican presidents went

:24:24.:24:25.

toe to toe on Twitter - a former leader really set the tone

:24:26.:24:31.

And in no uncertain terms, the former Mexican leader

:24:32.:24:36.

Vincent Fox posted this: "Sean Spicer, I've said this

:24:37.:24:39.

to @realDonaldTrump and now I'll tell you: Mexico is not going to pay

:24:40.:24:44.

Is I don't know what that word is, it has been bleeped out. Fabulous

:24:45.:24:56.

wall? Folding walk! You are watching 100 Days from BBC News.

:24:57.:25:02.

Coming up on BBC World News and the BBC News Channel in the UK:

:25:03.:25:05.

the man who threatens to shake up French politics - meet

:25:06.:25:08.

And almost a week in to his presidency,

:25:09.:25:13.

we get the assessment of one Trump fan.

:25:14.:25:17.

Is it only that short? That's all still to come here on 100 Days.

:25:18.:26:07.

Good evening. It's been bitterly cold for many parts of the country,

:26:08.:26:14.

and especially under the cloud. This is West Berkshire earlier today. In

:26:15.:26:21.

East Anglia, the temperature struggled to rise above minus two.

:26:22.:26:27.

We had some lovely sunshine across the north-west of Wales, look at

:26:28.:26:34.

that beautiful, sunny skies. As the sun has gone down, the temperatures

:26:35.:26:40.

are starting to melt away, the wind falling like inland, so a recipe for

:26:41.:26:44.

widespread frost and mist and fog to return, more so than last night.

:26:45.:26:48.

These are towns and city temperatures, but in the countryside

:26:49.:26:51.

lower again, really quite bitter out and about. So, frost on the cars and

:26:52.:26:56.

potentially because we will see a little drizzle around and some

:26:57.:27:00.

snowflakes, just a few, there could well be nice on Friday mine's rush.

:27:01.:27:07.

Some fog, too, particularly on the upper slopes of Wales, across the

:27:08.:27:11.

Peak District and into parts of Yorkshire. Also parts of

:27:12.:27:16.

Pembrokeshire. We have some patchy rain gathering towards the west, and

:27:17.:27:20.

that is the sign of a change taking place during the day, but another

:27:21.:27:26.

cold start. The setup on Friday is that we have this weather front

:27:27.:27:29.

coming in, but the wind coming more from the south-east, so it will be

:27:30.:27:34.

less bitter for most of us, but increasing cloud. It will still feel

:27:35.:27:39.

cold and grey, for most of us it will still be dry, until later when

:27:40.:27:44.

the showers Titus takes shape across parts of western Scotland. With it,

:27:45.:27:51.

the air is mild, up to 10 Celsius by the end of the day. That band of

:27:52.:27:56.

showers crosses its wake eastwards. Brighter weather replaces it, more

:27:57.:28:00.

showers coming in on a south-westerly breeze, not

:28:01.:28:04.

particularly warm, wintry mess over the hills, and this is the question

:28:05.:28:08.

mark about Sunday, how far north this weather system will come. We

:28:09.:28:13.

will see some rain in the south, but it looks on balance as if England

:28:14.:28:17.

and Wales will have some rain and relatively mild air tied in with it.

:28:18.:28:21.

The best of the brighter weather will be further north, and it will

:28:22.:28:25.

be less cold and more breezy, but do stay tuned if you have plans this

:28:26.:28:26.

weekend. Welcome back to 100 Days -

:28:27.:30:07.

I'm Jon Sopel in Washington. And I'm Christian Fraser in London -

:30:08.:30:12.

a reminder of our top story... The Mexican President won't be

:30:13.:30:15.

coming to Washington after Donald Trump's ultimatum -

:30:16.:30:18.

"If you won't pay for the wall, And coming up, what do Donald Trump

:30:19.:30:21.

voters think of the President's Well, on Sunday evening,

:30:22.:30:24.

the ruling Socialists of France will choose their candidate to run

:30:25.:30:43.

in place of the deeply The second and final

:30:44.:30:45.

round of the Socialist primaries - the former Prime Minister Manuel

:30:46.:30:49.

Valls will be fighting it out with a candidate

:30:50.:30:51.

from the left wing of the party, But the man who is rising fastest

:30:52.:30:54.

in the polls is a centrist. He has been painting

:30:55.:30:58.

himself as an alternative Lucy Williamson has

:30:59.:31:02.

been finding out. For some, he is there a Emmanuel,

:31:03.:31:21.

there are new political messiah. For others, he is a glossy young banker

:31:22.:31:23.

with ambition these size of France. Either way, Emmanuel Macron is

:31:24.:31:27.

getting rock star attention and audiences to match. His movement is

:31:28.:31:36.

all about a fresh approach to politics, inviting the media into

:31:37.:31:39.

his new campaign headquarters, for example. A bit of silicon valley in

:31:40.:31:46.

Paris, where the average age is well under 30. There are bunk for resting

:31:47.:31:51.

and hand drawn cartoons drawn on the wall. In a few short months, 150,000

:31:52.:31:57.

members have signed up to his liberal pro-Europe agenda, twice as

:31:58.:32:02.

many as the governing Socialist party has. Emmanuel Macron was once

:32:03.:32:10.

a small-town boy who met his future wife at school here. The Midwest is

:32:11.:32:19.

that she his teacher. TRANSLATION: At school he was

:32:20.:32:23.

different, he was practically the equal of the teachers, he had an

:32:24.:32:27.

Olympic level intelligence, faster, everyone knew he would be

:32:28.:32:31.

exceptional. Emmanuel Macron is presenting

:32:32.:32:36.

himself as an outsider, an alternative to the political

:32:37.:32:39.

establishment. But he also graduated from some of France's most

:32:40.:32:45.

prestigious schools and ended up as Economy Minister the President

:32:46.:32:49.

Hollande. Only to quit two years later to launch his own presidential

:32:50.:32:55.

bid. And while some of his former Socialist colleagues are flocking to

:32:56.:32:57.

support him, others have labelled him an arch manipulator. More spin

:32:58.:33:06.

than substance. TRANSLATION: Here we are today, three months from the

:33:07.:33:09.

election and he did not know his position on several important

:33:10.:33:12.

issues. Europe, education, secularism.

:33:13.:33:17.

On these issues it is really up in the air.

:33:18.:33:21.

Still, he is not doing badly for a man fighting his first ever election

:33:22.:33:24.

campaign. He is a young politician and he is

:33:25.:33:29.

not part of the political establishment, like others. He is

:33:30.:33:33.

the only one who speaks about Europe. He is only 40. We expect him

:33:34.:33:42.

to understand our programme, what we want France to become tomorrow.

:33:43.:33:48.

French elections, they say, are always one in the centre, not just

:33:49.:33:54.

by a man from the centre. But with the political landscape you're

:33:55.:33:57.

shifting in the face of growing disappointment, although that could

:33:58.:33:59.

change. Lucy Williamson, BBC News, Paris.

:34:00.:34:06.

If there is one thing that myself and Jon Sopel can speak about, it is

:34:07.:34:10.

Paris. To back former French correspondence. If Benoit Hamon wins

:34:11.:34:15.

the Socialist primary at the weekend, really, the socialist can

:34:16.:34:19.

give up on the centre ground in France, realistically, that must be

:34:20.:34:23.

good news for Emmanuel Macron. The one thing I think is that for all

:34:24.:34:28.

the headlines that he is generating, traditional centres do not do well

:34:29.:34:32.

in France and the other thing, is he related a reformer and is a

:34:33.:34:35.

anti-establishment? I remember reporting on him when I was in

:34:36.:34:41.

Paris, he was part of Francois hall on's government. Yes, I do not know

:34:42.:34:44.

what the collective noun is for so many former Paris correspondent is,

:34:45.:34:50.

perhaps a flood of them! You are correct, the centre was candidate

:34:51.:34:54.

when I covered the 2002 election, it was Marine Le Pen father who got to

:34:55.:35:00.

the second there was a centrist candidate then, he did not do very

:35:01.:35:03.

well. But I think all the old uncertainties, when you look at the

:35:04.:35:07.

politics are unfolding in this country and in the UK with Brexit,

:35:08.:35:11.

who would bet against the centrist candidate who seems to be offering

:35:12.:35:14.

something different. I think all you can say is that there is a huge

:35:15.:35:20.

amount of uncertainty. Yes, of course, all eyes on Marine Le Pen.

:35:21.:35:26.

Yes, absolutely, she is the person that is making love the running and

:35:27.:35:29.

you cannot help thinking that after the victory of Donald Trump, after

:35:30.:35:33.

the Brexit vote, the natural thing would be, well, maybe it does Marine

:35:34.:35:39.

Le Pen. But things are so conjugated in French politics and so

:35:40.:35:42.

unpredictable that to try to make that prediction at the moment is

:35:43.:35:46.

very premature indeed. Crucially important, of course, because it

:35:47.:35:49.

could affect the Brexit negotiations. Let us go back to the

:35:50.:35:53.

visit of Theresa May, she is in Philadelphia tonight and will speak

:35:54.:35:58.

about the future trade deal. Yes, the BBC's Michelle Fleury is on the

:35:59.:36:02.

floor of the New York Stock Exchange. How do business leaders

:36:03.:36:05.

Villa about a bilateral deal with the UK? I think they are very

:36:06.:36:11.

excited about the prospect. Here is the thing. The forces that led to

:36:12.:36:16.

the Brexit vote is similar to the forces that led to the surprise

:36:17.:36:20.

election victory of Donald Trump. Although that means that both sides

:36:21.:36:24.

see an opportunity, certainly on the trade front to deepen the special

:36:25.:36:28.

relationship, the kind and make it more of the commercial relationship.

:36:29.:36:31.

I have a couple of figures are likely sure you, I will show you

:36:32.:36:34.

more in the coming weeks, but let's start with this one. This is the

:36:35.:36:42.

size of trade between the two countries. The US and the UK do on

:36:43.:36:46.

average about $235 billion in trade between each other, that within

:36:47.:36:53.

2015. About 3% of US annual trade is with the UK, making the UK the

:36:54.:36:57.

seventh largest trading partner for the United States. As for the UK,

:36:58.:37:03.

well, America is its second largest trading partner after the European

:37:04.:37:07.

Union. But it is the biggest single country in terms of trading partners

:37:08.:37:11.

if you start breaking down the EU. So the question is, what kind of

:37:12.:37:15.

deal, what might the contours of the deal looked like and, Jon Sopel,

:37:16.:37:20.

some people are saying it might mean more free movement between the two

:37:21.:37:23.

countries for people who might want to work in the US or in the UK.

:37:24.:37:34.

Others talk about perhaps the lowering of Tardis puther, but they

:37:35.:37:37.

are already pretty at all. So would this involves more deregulation. So

:37:38.:37:39.

for the pharmaceutical companies and America they might want more

:37:40.:37:41.

protection, that could be a negative for the NHS in Britain, the Mr Avery

:37:42.:37:45.

has always been a disagreement regarding food safety rules between

:37:46.:37:48.

the two countries, could that be the sort of area? These are thorny

:37:49.:37:52.

questions which will probably not, in this meeting but I think both

:37:53.:37:59.

sides will claim a trade surplus, in other words, both think they sell

:38:00.:38:02.

all -- more goods and services to the other country. That might expect

:38:03.:38:04.

why Theresa May and Donald Trump believe this is a win win situation

:38:05.:38:10.

for both side. Thank you for that, Michelle Fleury

:38:11.:38:14.

on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange.

:38:15.:38:16.

It's been nearly a week since his inauguration as President,

:38:17.:38:18.

and Donald Trump has set quite a pace.

:38:19.:38:20.

Twelve executive orders signed, and a raft of new policies set

:38:21.:38:23.

in train, not to mention a few spats with the media and

:38:24.:38:26.

What do people who voted for President Trump make

:38:27.:38:32.

of his first few days in office, are they finally

:38:33.:38:34.

Let's speak to Denise Galvez from the group Latinas For Trump.

:38:35.:38:38.

Great to have you with us. And to look back at a pretty hurried few

:38:39.:38:45.

days. How do you think he has got on? To be honest, I am actually very

:38:46.:38:52.

happy with the executive orders, a lot of the ones that he has put in

:38:53.:38:55.

place merely establish offices to look at things and further establish

:38:56.:39:00.

investigations into things before putting anything into motion. I have

:39:01.:39:04.

no problem with that, it is what I would have expected of him, knowing

:39:05.:39:08.

his background and his experience and that he listens to many

:39:09.:39:11.

different opinions before making a decision. Going through with the

:39:12.:39:14.

wall, we knew that would happen but that does not mean it will be built

:39:15.:39:19.

tomorrow. I know that he has been in meetings with agencies and

:39:20.:39:23.

departments responsible for providing accurate information about

:39:24.:39:26.

how many miles we need, how long it'll take to build, where the

:39:27.:39:33.

issues are. He is this information before anything takes place. He will

:39:34.:39:36.

need to find the funding and that is something we want to happen

:39:37.:39:39.

immediately in the first few days. I was reading an article in which you

:39:40.:39:42.

were quoted and someone from the Latino community said that he is

:39:43.:39:46.

very Latino with the idea that he does things on the spot, like them,

:39:47.:39:50.

they do not think about it, just get on with it. Well, we are people of

:39:51.:39:55.

action, I'd ignore the words and rhetoric and just look at he does

:39:56.:40:00.

and what effect it has on us as a country. I think as of now, he has

:40:01.:40:05.

done a really good job of putting things into action. I am concerned

:40:06.:40:09.

with his delivery sometimes. I do not think he is perfect by any

:40:10.:40:15.

means, I think he lacks polish and hopefully, he will learn that along

:40:16.:40:18.

the way before he does any damage! But I do agree with him taking

:40:19.:40:22.

action on a lot of things and putting things in place, to start

:40:23.:40:26.

changing the way that the world has been going and America has been kind

:40:27.:40:31.

of abandoned. I believe in America first, I would agree with that. And

:40:32.:40:36.

so looking at the criminal illegals, establishing an office to look into

:40:37.:40:40.

that, how many do they have? How does this affect us? There is so

:40:41.:40:43.

much misinformation from both sides out there. He had decided to

:40:44.:40:47.

establish an office to look into that and that gives me the

:40:48.:40:51.

conclusions and findings that should be unbiased, they should be based on

:40:52.:40:55.

fact. There is so much of that fact being thrown around and alternative

:40:56.:40:59.

facts and those lovely words are being thrown around in the media.

:41:00.:41:03.

The truth is that it is based on perception and context, and really,

:41:04.:41:06.

he does not have a lot of that, he does not have the experience and he

:41:07.:41:11.

is now putting in place the offices and mechanisms that are needed to

:41:12.:41:16.

make those decisions and to make important decisions. That, I am

:41:17.:41:19.

happy about. Briefly, Denise, if you might, do you think he is picking

:41:20.:41:23.

some unnecessary fights along the way? Yes, I always think that he has

:41:24.:41:29.

to focus more on listening to what happens, let me put this in place,

:41:30.:41:32.

then you can go ahead and criticise me. He loves to pick fights with

:41:33.:41:36.

people who criticise him. He definitely needs to do that and I

:41:37.:41:40.

come from the background of being a publicist, I think he needs like a

:41:41.:41:47.

24-hour hold before reacting to any of the criticism he has. I agree

:41:48.:41:50.

with waiting perhaps 24 hours before reacting via Twitter to some of the

:41:51.:41:53.

things because I think it really distracts from the positive things

:41:54.:41:57.

that he's putting in place. Thank you very much indeed.

:41:58.:42:03.

A little bit of breaking news, the Vice President Mike Pence has said

:42:04.:42:08.

that it will be a strict constructionist who will be

:42:09.:42:10.

appointed to the Supreme Court when Donald Trump makes his announcement

:42:11.:42:14.

next Thursday. Two translations of that, the first one is that it will

:42:15.:42:18.

be someone who strictly follows the constitution. The second translation

:42:19.:42:22.

of that is broadly speaking, you can interpret that to mean that it will

:42:23.:42:27.

be a conservative and someone who is very pro-life and anti-abortion,

:42:28.:42:33.

which, of course, set a whole argument about social policy for the

:42:34.:42:37.

future of the United States, ones that Supreme Court appointee is

:42:38.:42:40.

confirmed. That is it from 100 Days. We are

:42:41.:42:50.

back next week on Monday. We are back at the same time, same place.

:42:51.:42:54.

Thank you Jon Sopel for your company. Great pleasure for being

:42:55.:43:02.

here, sorry for speaking overdue! -- overdue. -- over you.

:43:03.:43:15.