2016: The Queen's 90th Birthday


2016: The Queen's 90th Birthday

Live from Westminster Abbey in London, Her Majesty the Queen is joined by senior members of the royal family to lead a service of celebration for Commonwealth Day.


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Good afternoon from Westminster Abbey where a special service

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is held every year to celebrate the Commonwealth, the diverse group

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of 53 nations that spans almost every corner of the globe.

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And on this Commonwealth Day, we also celebrate the Queen's 90th

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The service will be the first major ceremonial event of Her Majesty's

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She'll be joined here at the Abbey by the Duke of Edinburgh,

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the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge and Prince Harry.

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The Commonwealth has grown significantly during her be reign

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and she has always championed it. She comes to the Abbey for this

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service every year. It is a very international gathering

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as you would expect. For a Commonwealth of 53 nations and it is

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also an unusual service for Westminster Abbey because there are

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representatives of other faiths who will be taking part and offering

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their reflections and their prayers during the course of the service. If

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you would like to follow it, you can go to www. Www.. BBC do.

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Co/Commonwealth day and download an order of service and follow it

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there. The congregation of 2,000 people in the Abbey this afternoon.

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1,000 of them young people because the Commonwealth has a very young

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population and among the rather young people are schoolchildren who

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are here for the service. The Commonwealth youth orchestra will be

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performing. They are already playing now and just standing behind them,

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the Commonwealth Youth Choir. Well in many ways the Commonwealth

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today is the result of decades of dedication by president Queen

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herself because from the beginning of her reign she has carefully

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nurtured relationships between countries to build this unique

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association. God Save The Queen. The young Queen Elizabeth II in 1953,

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the year she embarked on her first tour of Commonwealth countries and

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overseas territories. She visited among others, Fiji, Sri Lanka,

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Australia, and Gibraltar. She spoke of the emerging new model of the

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Commonwealth in her Christmas radio broadcast from New Zealand. The

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Commonwealth bears no resemblance to the Empires of the past. It is an

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entirely new conception built on the highest qualities of the spirit of

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man, friendship, loyalty, and the desire for three dom and peace.

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The Queen has held the position of Head of the Commonwealth for more

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than 60 years. Individual virtue of tolerance and understanding by

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virtue of tolerance and understanding, the xwelt has evolved

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into 36 nations, spanning the five Continents. She has been

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instrumental in bringing together leaders from all over the world in a

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spirit of family, and connection. Out of the old empire strange the

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Commonwealth family of nations we know today and that too has grown

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and changed over the years. Very much in the spirit of a family

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gathering. She has moved the Commonwealth forward into a modern

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age. It was very nice having everybody here last night. We

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enjoyed it very much. Today, the Commonwealth consists of 53 diverse

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countries and for more than six decades, the Queen's ability to

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connect with people has brought them together.

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So of the 53 nations that of part of the Commonwealth today, the Queen

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herself has been to almost all of them, 51 out of the 53, a sign of

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her commitment over the years. Well, as we wait for Her Majesty to arrive

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at the Abbey on this Commonwealth day, I'm joined by Dr Sue Onslow,

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senior lecturer at the Institute of Commonwealth Studies. What would you

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say the Commonwealth means to the Queen, Sue?

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The Commonwealth means an enormous amount to the Queen. It is part, it

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is a key part of her life's work. She is Queen of 16 individual

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Commonwealth countries as well as being formal head of that

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association you referred to. She has been able to travel around the

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Commonwealth to enjoy its exuberance, but I think her personal

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contribution has been enormous. She has been part of the invisible glue

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of this association. Well, we are looking now at some of the

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medallists from the last Commonwealth Games in Glasgow,

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Isabel Pooley of England, sam man that Kinghorn of Scotland and with

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them athletes from the Commonwealth Youth Games.

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You were talking about the Queen's role in the Commonwealth, Sue, as if

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it was quite personal to her, not just a role she has to do? It is

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very personal and she gets a great deal of pleasure from it. She worked

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consistently throughout her reign to give substance to this role, it is

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not just that she is a symbolic head. There is a symbol now of the

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flags of the Commonwealth nations being carried into the Abbey. This

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is where you get a true visual sense of the immense reach of this

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organisation, the flags are carried in, in the order that nations join

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the Commonwealth so at the front the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia,

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New Zealand, and then further back, many of the African countries that

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became independent in the 1960s in the middle there and then towards

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the back, the nations that have joined the Commonwealth more

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recently. Some very recently, Sue, which shows the appeal that this

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organisation still has. Indeed and there are others that are very much

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part of the list of wanting to join, south Sudan, Yemen, Palestine, so

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this is an attractive association to those that are still outside it.

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The flags are going to be carried through the Abbey and then they will

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be put in their place behind the congregation where they will remain

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until the service comes to an end. Well during the service, we will

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hear the former UN Secretary-General, Kofi Annan who is

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from Ghana, a Commonwealth country. He will be speaking during the

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service and he is with Ore Oduba now. Good afternoon, thank you very

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much. As we saw there, all the flags of the Commonwealth member states

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coming past us. I have been joined by a proud began anywayian, Kofi

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Annan, it is a pleasure to see you here. It is an honour for you to be

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here. Tell us how important it is to you, Commonwealth day and the

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Commonwealth itself? The Commonwealth is a unique

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organisation, bringing together so many countries and really sharing

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something with two billion people, different cultures, different

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religions and we embrace purlity and diversity and to celebrate those in

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the world of today is absolutely essential and it shouldn't just be

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important for the Commonwealth but other groupingings and other

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organisations and countries which are outside the Commonwealth. Well,

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it is a celebratory day and we were saying before how great it is to see

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how many happy children in here as well. Absolutely. Just how important

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is it that the Commonwealth is here to maintain relations between

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nations and such diverse nations as well? In today's world it is

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absolutely essential. Very few countries can tackle the challenges

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we have today on their own. You have to work across borders. You have to

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work with other countries. It is such an inter-dependant world and we

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have no choice and the Commonwealth that brings countries together, not

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just the countries, but the citizens of these countries, whether in

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sports, or in education, and other areas, it is extremely important and

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I think the young people here today are also an expression of the belief

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of the future generations in what has been achieved by the

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Commonwealth and this is why we need to trust them and encourage them and

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encourage them to lead and to build on what we have achieved. They are

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the leaders of tomorrow. So it is so exciting to see so many of them here

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today. Well, we are looking forward to hearing a reading from you and

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I'm sure the sentiments will come across. Kofi Annan, a pleasure to

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talk to you. Well, we will be seeing the members

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of the Royal Family arriving shortly for the beginning of the service.

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Kofi Annan is a man with tremendous experience of negotiation and he can

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imagine what a Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting is like. That is

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when these countries come together and Sue Onslow, you know what those

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are like because you have been to one? I was at Malta last

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Novemberment there are formal elements where heads get together to

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discuss in close session and they have their informal retreat where

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they can compare notes on what is troubling them. The Queen's role is

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formally in opening it, but she adds that, that welcome presence to a

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Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting. What is discussed? When in

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terms of the acute concerns of small states in climate change,

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radicalisation across societies, last heads of Government meeting

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achieved in fact extraordinary outcomes on those two issues. Is the

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Commonwealth in a better place than it was a few years ago? There was

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criticism for example when Sri Lanka hosted the heads of Government

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meeting because of its Human Rights record? That was a controversial

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meeting. I would say that the Commonwealth is certainly in a

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better place, although its potential for future improvement is certainly

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there, it has been criticised for not making enough progress on

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democracy and Human Rights so there is room for improvement.

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Well there is Ellie Goulding coming into the Abbey now. She is going to

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be performing and she told me earlier that she saw this as a very

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special occasion, a welcome interlude from a very intense period

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because she is in the midst of a World Tour at the moment and in fact

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she announced recently that she is going to be taking a break from

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music. So we'll hear her perform Sting's Fields Of Gold during the

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service. Half of the congregation here are

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young people and amongst them are recipients of the Queen's young

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leader award. Each year it celebrates 60 exceptional people

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from across the Commonwealth. All over the world young volunteers

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are transforming their communities. The Commonwealth actually impour we

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ares young people. It is a privilege to be one of the 60 people who will

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be receiving the award from the Queen. It was something I really

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didn't expect. On the island of Malta, 20-year-old

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Sara set-up up a social media campaign after her experiences while

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wearing a Muslim headscarf. You're walking in the street and people

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spit at you and people are like say go back to your own country. I feel

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so That is unacceptable. So basically me and my colleagues

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decided it is racism and discrimination about general and

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then we uploaded pictures with students holding boards spreading

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positive members to discuss what really is it meant being a human

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being? In Bangladesh Osama developed an online resource to help young

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people start their careers. We publish international

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scholarship, internship. We are passionate about this. We have

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received a huge response from abroad and we have 99,000 representatives.

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In Cambridge, 20-year-old Ella realised how teenagers miss out on

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important life skills when they become the main carer for their

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families. I became a young carer when my mum had her heart attack.

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One day everything is normal and everything is fine and everybody is

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happy and the next day your whole life changes. I set-up Take the Lead

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and it is all about public speaking and interview skills and building

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their confidence so that they feel they can do pretty much anything.

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Gained confidence. For their exceptional work, 60 young

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volunteers including Ella, Osama and Sarah will join a leadership course

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at Cambridge University. It is something huge. The fact that you

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get to share your thoughts with so many people and to know that they

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are interested in what you are trying to promote. I think that's

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fantastic. I'm lost for words. And Sara will be giving a Reflection

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in the service. Ellie Goulding will be performing. Next to her is Simon

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who is a bass from South Africa who will be performing for us. Next to

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him, the poet a Tuvalu Doctor Who told me earlier she feels she

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carries the concerns of the smaller nations, the Pacific nations here

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with her today into the Abbey. The Prime Minister, David Cameron,

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is here. He is in his seat now. The congregation are standing up because

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the faith processors are stepping into the Abbey now. A special moment

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in this service. Special also because this is unusual. In fact,

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it's the Lord Mayor who is walking in now.

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When we see the faith leaders, it will be symbolic, not just of the

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number of faiths represented in the Commonwealth, but also a reflection

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of the importance that the Queen places on faith. Sues on low, she

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will appreciate the strong representation of different faiths

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within this service -- Sue Onslow? Absolutely. The Queen who herself is

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a devout Christian and takes her role seriously, she's a great

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supporters of multifaith worship, of the different faiths. She feels it

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high lites the shared values across the Commonwealth.

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Kofi Annan who we heard from a moment ago is here with his wife.

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He'll be speaking later. Here are the faith leaders now processing

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into the Abbey. There are members of the Zooastrian

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community. Chief Rabbi's representative, the Sikh community.

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Buddhist community. Hindu community. The Muslim community. Both the

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Jewish reform synagogues and liberal Judaism represented as well, as the

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Chief Rabbi's representative. Also other denominations of Christianity.

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The methodist church, the church of Scotland, the Coptic Orthodox Church

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and Roman Catholic Church and also the Orthodox Church. His emnans

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Archbishop Gregorious is here. A strong statement of the breadth of

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faith across this very diverse group of nations -- His Emanence.

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John Major is with Ore now. I know Sir John you have been

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enjoying the music being played around the Abbey today. I have, very

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familiar and lovely music. But the Trust, of course, is a Trust set up

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to help the Queen's legacy. We asked the Queen what she would prefer as a

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legacy and she said two things, both for the Commonwealth, firstly to end

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forms of avoidable blindness across the Commonwealth and secondly to

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fine and bring forward and help future young leaders. It's an

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indication of her great affection for the Commonwealth. Yes. Your

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relationship with Her Majesty is a long-standing one. Take us inside

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her operation, tell us what it is that makes her work so hard to

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maintain the relations between 50 of odd member states? You have to look

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at the history of it. When the Queen became Monarch, the Commonwealth was

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three or four nations, certainly no more. It's now I think 53. It's a

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hugely successful worldwide operation. From very large,

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confident, relatively rich nations, to some of the smallest, least

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well-off nations in the world. It's a unique mixture. There's never been

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anything like it and I don't think there ever could be anything else

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like it. The Queen has a great affection for it. Why is it so

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important to her? Because for the whole time of her reign, the

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Commonwealth's been such an important part, as you say? It's

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partly the diversity. The sheer diversity of bringing together so

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many nations with so many interests and such a great difference in the

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way in which they live. That's something the Queen finds very

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attractive. And the fact that she and it have both grown up to be what

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it is today during her period as Monarch. I think that makes for a

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great affinity between the two, Queen the Commonwealth on one hand

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and Her Majesty the Queen on the other hand. Commonwealth Day always

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special but extra special this year as we celebrate her 90th year. What

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more can you say about Her Majesty, as she continues to drive forward

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and lead the Commonwealth? Well, it is quite remarkable isn't it? Most

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people, 65, 70, 75, they hang out their boots, hang up their careers

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and rest. The Queen at 90 and the Duke a couple of years older, are

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still working extraordinarily hard. They have ensured the rest of the

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Royal Family do as well. That is a very remarkable example of duty and

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I think also of devotion to the Commonwealth.

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Remarkable indeed. Many people echoing your sentiments. Pleasure to

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talk to you. Thank you. The Queen will be arriving in the

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next few minutes with the other members of the Royal Family.

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The Duke, and others. Sue, the Queen's marked Commonwealth day by

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issuing her message in line with the theme of the Commonwealth this year,

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an inclusive Commonwealth. She talks about the importance of accepting

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diversity and says it goes far deeper than accepting differences of

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face value, far deeper than simply being tolerant? Kofi Annan picked up

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on this point when he talked about celebrating diversity and the

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interdependent world. For the Queen, the Commonwealth is really identity

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politics in the best and most inclusive way. She's used her

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Commonwealth Day messages consistently over the years to

:22:28.:22:32.

emphasise important themes of democracy, human rights and so

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inclusivity is a significant point make today.

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Particularly important when you make it to a worldwide audience where so

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many of these nations are at different stages of the development

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of their democracy, different stages of their economic development as

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well. Indeed. The Queen herself has said in the past that it's difficult

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to take decisions to implement democracy, it can be very hard but

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she's been a consistent source of encouragement for that very

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progress. She's needed to, because there have

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been difficult episodes in the history of this organisation?

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Absolutely. There have been some extremely fractious points the

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Commonwealth's come close to breaking up. One thing has been

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sure, which is that the Queen's consistent on going on subtle and

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important support. The congregation are all in their

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places. You can see the emphasis of the young people of the Commonwealth

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when you look across the congregation. The Queen's young

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leaders are here, Adam Bradford and Ella McKenzie among those chosen for

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that rather special award. A long tradition of the Queen also,

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Sue, talking to the people of the Commonwealth, in fact that famous

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vow that she made in 1947, dedicating her life to the service

:23:59.:24:02.

of the People. She meant the people of the Commonwealth, not just the

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United Kingdom? Completely. That famous broadcast from Cape Town in

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1947 in fact set out many of the themes that the Queen has made it

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her life's work to fulfil. She has driven that forward consistently

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over the 60-year period. What would you say it's achieved as an

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organisation? The trouble with the Commonwealth, so much of its work is

:24:27.:24:30.

below the surface, like an iceberg. It has professional and civil

:24:31.:24:36.

society organisations. Its heads of Government meet every two years,

:24:37.:24:39.

that's the most visible part of the activities but it's by no means all.

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There's the congregation on this beautiful spring day outside the

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Abbey and beautiful flowers inside the Abbey as well.

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Chosen to reflect all the different colours of the Commonwealth flags. I

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was speaking earlier to the lady who was in charge of the National

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Association of Flower Arrangers. They have come from all over the

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United Kingdom, the colours represent the colours within the

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Commonwealth flag and also have been selected to emphasise unity.

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Very appropriate on a day like this. It's not just a congregation with a

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tremendous age range well beyond what you would normally see in the

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Abbey, but also tremendously international. There you see former

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Prime Minister Sir John Major and, behind him, the Shadow Foreign

:25:42.:25:49.

Secretary, Hilary Benn, sitting next to Hugo Squire, Minister of State at

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the Foreign Office. Just further along in the choir,

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Baroness Scotland, Patricia Scotland, who we will see a lot more

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of in the future because she is the next Secretary General of the

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Commonwealth. And this is the car that is bringing

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the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge to the Abbey this afternoon.

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The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge and Prince Harry arriving at the

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West Gate of the Abbey. They'll be greeted by members of the

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clergy led by the Dean of Westminster, the Very Reverend Dr

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John Hall who will be leading this afternoon's service.

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In recent years, we've seen all three of them visit several

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Commonwealth countries, the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge went to New

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Zealand and Australia, for example, with the young prince George and

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they'll be visiting India in April, a significant visit, their first

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visit to that country. There the Duke of Cambridge meeting members of

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the clergy first of all. And next in the line to meet the

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Royal Family, you can see the Secretary General of the

:27:50.:27:57.

Commonwealth standing in the black coat, Camilla Sharma. He's served

:27:58.:28:06.

already for two terms. He's a former Indian diplomat, a former High

:28:07.:28:09.

Commissioner, Indian High Commissioner to London. So this will

:28:10.:28:17.

be his final Commonwealth Day service as Secretary General.

:28:18.:28:22.

His wife is there next to him. And the Prime Minister of Malta, the

:28:23.:28:30.

honable Dr Joseph Muscat, he will be giving one of the readings in the

:28:31.:28:35.

service today and he's the current Commonwealth chair in office. Malta

:28:36.:28:40.

hosted the last Commonwealth heads of government meeting that took

:28:41.:28:44.

place in November last year. The Queen herself attended.

:28:45.:28:50.

His wife accompanying him here. We also have Lord Howell of

:28:51.:29:08.

Guildford, President of the Royal Commonwealth Society. They organised

:29:09.:29:13.

today's service. They've been instrumental in what has gone into

:29:14.:29:18.

the service. The Director of The Royal Commonwealth Society too.

:29:19.:29:24.

Greeting the members of the Royal Family as they enter just before the

:29:25.:29:27.

start of the service. The Duke of Cambridge made a speech

:29:28.:29:47.

at the Commonwealth Office not that long ago where he said the

:29:48.:29:49.

Commonwealth stands for the possibility of a community of

:29:50.:29:54.

nations, people of different races, ethnicities and religions, working

:29:55.:29:58.

together for humanity's common good. He said, that is why my grandmother

:29:59.:30:02.

is so committed to the Commonwealth, it stands for an ideal as much as it

:30:03.:30:06.

does for a reality. The Duchess of Cambridge and also

:30:07.:30:18.

Prince Harry there. And there's the car bringing the Queen to the Abbey.

:30:19.:30:27.

She is accompanied by the Duke of Edinburgh and the Duke of York is

:30:28.:30:35.

also going to be attending. A tremendous turn-out outside on this

:30:36.:30:41.

wonderfully sunny spring afternoon to greet her. We will hear the State

:30:42.:30:49.

trumpeters in a minute with the fanfare to announce the arrival of

:30:50.:30:52.

Her Majesty. The Queen is being led into the

:30:53.:31:41.

Abbey by the Dean of Westminster. She has come here on so many

:31:42.:31:46.

previous occasions including many Commonwealth Day services. This one

:31:47.:31:51.

happens to be taking place just ahead of her 90th birthday.

:31:52.:32:04.

As did the other members of the Royal Family before her, she is

:32:05.:32:09.

going to be greeted by members of the clergy who will be taking part

:32:10.:32:15.

in the procession and indeed, in the service itself.

:32:16.:32:29.

There she is greeting the Prime Minister of Malta. Malta is very

:32:30.:32:39.

special to her because it is where she lived as a young naval wife for

:32:40.:32:45.

two years while the Duke was stationed there as a serving Royal

:32:46.:32:53.

Naval officer. And she will now be taking her place ready for the

:32:54.:32:55.

procession to begin. # God Save the Queen God

:32:56.:33:16.

save our gracious Queen, # Long live our noble Queen,

:33:17.:33:53.

God save the Queen! # Send her victorious,

:33:54.:34:00.

Happy and glorious, # Long to reign over us,

:34:01.:34:12.

God save the Queen! # Praise him in the height,

:34:13.:34:41.

rejoice in his word, # ye angels of light,

:34:42.:34:52.

ye heavens, adore him # by whom ye were made,

:34:53.:35:02.

and worship before him, # Praise him upon earth,

:35:03.:35:07.

in tuneful accord, # ye sons of new birth,

:35:08.:35:28.

praise him who hath brought # you his grace from above,

:35:29.:35:33.

praise him who hath taught # All things that give sound,

:35:34.:35:40.

each jubilant chord # reecho around, loud

:35:41.:36:02.

organs, his glory # forth tell in deep tone,

:36:03.:36:11.

and sweet harp, the story # Thanksgiving and song

:36:12.:36:18.

to him be outpoured # For love in creation,

:36:19.:36:40.

for heaven restored, # for grace of salvation,

:36:41.:36:54.

O praise ye the Lord! On behalf of the dean and chapter I

:36:55.:38:42.

welcome you warmly to Westminster Abbey for our annual celebration of

:38:43.:38:48.

the Commonwealth. In a year in which we particularly give thanks for the

:38:49.:38:53.

90th birthday of Her Majesty, the Queen, Head of the Commonwealth.

:38:54.:38:58.

This year's theme is an inclusive Commonwealth. So as we give thanks

:38:59.:39:04.

for our diversity of faiths, and for the variety of resources and

:39:05.:39:10.

circumstances of our countries, and remembering, but especially at this

:39:11.:39:16.

time, the people of Fiji after their recent devastating tornado. Let us

:39:17.:39:22.

pray that we maybe united in one common bond of mutual support and

:39:23.:39:28.

friendship. First we pray in the words of Jesus for the coming of

:39:29.:39:31.

God's Kingdom of justice and peace. Our Father, who art in heaven,

:39:32.:39:39.

hallowed be thy name, come, thy will be done,

:39:40.:39:42.

on earth as it is in heaven. And forgive us our trespasses,

:39:43.:39:46.

as we forgive those And lead us not into temptation,

:39:47.:39:50.

but deliver us from evil. For thine is the kingdom,

:39:51.:39:57.

the power, and the glory, Now one of the Queen's young

:39:58.:40:00.

leaders, who is from Malta. It is a great honour for me today as

:40:01.:40:42.

the Queen's young leader to be delivering this reflection. I'm

:40:43.:40:47.

delighted to witness such a wide representation of different nations

:40:48.:40:52.

and religions. Today, we celebrate the establishment of a unique and

:40:53.:40:58.

global community. A community with a strong sense of unity and

:40:59.:41:03.

inclusivity. A community that cannot strive if there is racism,

:41:04.:41:09.

xenophobia, hom owe phobia and other divisions of fear and hate between

:41:10.:41:15.

us. An inclusive Commonwealth champions the values of respect and

:41:16.:41:21.

understanding, equity and fairness. One cannot embrace these values

:41:22.:41:29.

without understanding that beyond each of these words lies a long

:41:30.:41:35.

stugle and for this reason I would like to honour those people who have

:41:36.:41:40.

lost their lives in the pursuit of dignity and equality, to be achieved

:41:41.:41:47.

in this world. It is not enough that these values are established in the

:41:48.:41:51.

Commonwealth charter. Together we must ensure that we bring them to

:41:52.:41:56.

life by practising them every day of our lives. Every day, I strive to

:41:57.:42:05.

eliminate racism, xenophobia and discrimination in my community by

:42:06.:42:09.

promoting an inclusive education, discussing with young people the way

:42:10.:42:15.

forward, and encouraging dialogue to bridge differences and live in an

:42:16.:42:23.

inclusive society. We aim to reduce Islamophobia, overcome fears and

:42:24.:42:27.

eliminate prejudices and judgements, by educating and informing people

:42:28.:42:32.

about Islam. It has been a challenging year for the Muslim

:42:33.:42:37.

community because of the rise of violent extremism and terrorist

:42:38.:42:42.

attacks all over the world. Together, with millions of fellow

:42:43.:42:46.

Muslims, I condemn such barbaric acts.

:42:47.:42:54.

I live in Malta, a developed country where I have food, shelter and a

:42:55.:43:02.

good education. However, I have been the vim of racism, xenophobia

:43:03.:43:08.

because of my faith. We must not under estimate the power of the

:43:09.:43:14.

virtual world, especially social media where hatred can be expressed

:43:15.:43:19.

with impunity. In an effort to address the bad experiences of my

:43:20.:43:26.

community, my colleague, Naomi and I established a social media campaign

:43:27.:43:32.

hashtag redefining us. This campaign is intended to raise awareness about

:43:33.:43:40.

what defines a Maltese person and strives to empower people who have

:43:41.:43:48.

encountered extremism. Helping them of the best way to confront people

:43:49.:43:58.

who have xenophobic dialogue. In a Commonwealth that welcomes

:43:59.:44:00.

everybody, we should strive together to ensure that all human beings have

:44:01.:44:05.

their fundamental rights respected and that the values of the

:44:06.:44:09.

Cheltenham Charter are put into practise. This is not a call to

:44:10.:44:16.

action for young people who form 60% of the Commonwealth's population,

:44:17.:44:23.

but a call to our leaders also. My experience of advocating for social

:44:24.:44:27.

inclusion and peace has taught me that change is not a single lecture,

:44:28.:44:33.

but a long and time-consuming process. However, I have also come

:44:34.:44:42.

to realise that every single action no matter how small can bring about

:44:43.:44:50.

positive change. It is time for us to wake up to the realities around

:44:51.:44:57.

us, to understand the pain that others are going through and the

:44:58.:45:02.

difference is no longer an option. Support and empowerment and

:45:03.:45:06.

education are the way forward. We must empower the vulnerable people

:45:07.:45:12.

in our communities because humanity does not live up to its full

:45:13.:45:15.

potential when we are divided and not united. Thank you.

:45:16.:45:21.

APPLAUSE # all ye lands: serve the Lord

:45:22.:45:35.

with gladness, and come. # And not we ourselves,

:45:36.:45:58.

we are his people, # Into his gates with thanks-giving,

:45:59.:46:38.

and into his courts with praise: # Be thankful unto him,

:46:39.:47:02.

unto him and speak good of his name. # For the Lord is gracious,

:47:03.:47:24.

his mercy is everlasting. # And his truth endureth

:47:25.:47:43.

from generation to generation, # Glory be to the Father,

:47:44.:47:51.

and to the Son. Let's talk about unity

:47:52.:48:23.

in London's Westminster Abbey. Did you know there's

:48:24.:49:18.

a London in Kiribati? We're connected by currents

:49:19.:49:22.

of humanity alliances, allegiances, histories

:49:23.:49:27.

for the salt in the sea, like the salt in our blood

:49:28.:49:30.

like the dust of our bones, our return to mud means while 53

:49:31.:49:34.

flags fly for our countries they're stitched from the

:49:35.:49:44.

fabric of our unity. It's called the Va in Samoan

:49:45.:49:49.

philosophy what you do, affects me. What we do, affects

:49:50.:49:54.

the sea land, wildlife. Nature's model of unity pollinating

:49:55.:50:00.

from flower to seed bees thrive in hives keeping their queen

:50:01.:50:09.

unity keeps them alive, keeps them buzzing they're key

:50:10.:50:17.

to our fruit and vege supplies but parasitic attacks and pesticides

:50:18.:50:22.

threaten the bees then you and me There's a 'U' and an 'I' in unity

:50:23.:50:29.

costs the earth and yet it's free. My grandad's from Tuvalu and to be

:50:30.:50:40.

specific it's plop bang The smallest of our 53 commonwealth

:50:41.:50:45.

nations the largest in terms Ancestors were guided by sky and sea

:50:46.:50:56.

trails way before Columbus even What we leave behind,

:50:57.:51:09.

matters to those who go before we face the future with our backs,

:51:10.:51:16.

sailing shore to shore we're earning and saving for our common wealth

:51:17.:51:22.

a common strong body, For the salt in the sea,

:51:23.:51:26.

like the salt in our blood like the dust of our bones,

:51:27.:51:32.

our return to mud means saving the ocean, saving the bee means

:51:33.:51:35.

London's UK seeing London's Kiribati and sharing our thoughts over a cup

:51:36.:51:41.

of tea for there's a 'U' and an 'I' in unity costs the earth

:51:42.:51:47.

and yet it's free. APPLAUSE. And now Ellie Goulding who

:51:48.:52:12.

is going to sing Fields of Gold by Sting.

:52:13.:52:22.

# You'll remember me when the west wind moves.

:52:23.:52:29.

# You'll forget the sun in his jealous sky.

:52:30.:52:39.

# In his arms she fell as her hair came down.

:52:40.:53:03.

# We'll forget the sun in his jealous sky.

:53:04.:53:27.

# And there have been some that I've broken.

:53:28.:53:45.

# But I swear in the days still left.

:53:46.:53:48.

# And there have been some that I've broken.

:53:49.:54:27.

# But I swear in the days still left.

:54:28.:54:32.

# Many years have passed since those summer days.

:54:33.:54:57.

# See the children run as the sun goes down.

:54:58.:55:08.

# You'll remember me as the west wind moves.

:55:09.:55:20.

# You can tell the sun in his jealous sky.

:55:21.:55:32.

# When we walked in fields of gold #.

:55:33.:55:58.

APPLAUSE. And now, there's going to be a reading given by the Prime

:55:59.:56:09.

Minister of Malta, the honable Dr Joseph Muscat.

:56:10.:56:12.

Let love be genuine; hate what is evil, hold fast

:56:13.:56:16.

to what is good; love one another with mutual affection; outdo one

:56:17.:56:22.

Do not lag in zeal, be ardent in spirit,

:56:23.:56:34.

serve the Lord. Rejoice in hope, be patient

:56:35.:56:38.

Contribute to the needs of the saints; extend

:56:39.:56:46.

Bless those who persecute you; bless and do not curse them.

:56:47.:57:01.

Rejoice with those who rejoice, weep with those who weep.

:57:02.:57:09.

Live in harmony with one another; do not be haughty,

:57:10.:57:14.

but associate with the lowly; do not claim to be wiser than you are.

:57:15.:57:21.

Do not repay anyone evil for evil, but take thought for what is noble

:57:22.:57:29.

If it is possible, so far as it depends on you, live

:57:30.:57:41.

The Prime Minister of Malta. Now we are going to hear from the South

:57:42.:58:02.

African bas who will be singing a traditional song, often sung at

:58:03.:58:06.

weddings where it's set to bring about good fortune.

:58:07.:58:18.

# Igqirha lendlela kuthwa nguqongqothwane.

:58:19.:58:27.

# Igqirha lendlela kuthwa nguqongqothwane.

:58:28.:58:41.

# Ebeqabel' egqithapha uquongqothwane.

:58:42.:58:59.

# Ebeqabel' egqithapha ugongqothwane.

:59:00.:59:04.

# Igqirha lendlela kuthwa nguqongqothwane.

:59:05.:59:14.

# Igqirha lendlela kuthwa nguqongqothwane.

:59:15.:59:20.

# Ebeqabel' egqithapha ugongqothwane Ebeqabel' egqithapha ugongqothwane.

:59:21.:59:30.

# Igqirha lendlela nguqongqothwane Igqirha lendlela kuthwa

:59:31.:59:34.

# Igqirha lendlela kuthwa nguqongqothwane.

:59:35.:59:42.

# Igqirha lendlela kuthwa nguqongqothwane.

:59:43.:59:44.

# Igqirha lendlela nguqongqothwane. ugongqothwane.

:59:45.:59:54.

# Igqirha lendlela kuthwa nguqongqothwane.

:59:55.:59:56.

# Ebeqabel' egqithapha ugongqothwane.#

:59:57.:00:12.

bbc.co.uk APPLAUSE

:00:13.:00:22.

Now we are going to hear from Kofi Annan with his reflection on

:00:23.:00:29.

Commonwealth Day. That's a Ghanaian who feels very

:00:30.:00:32.

much a part of the Commonwealth family. It is both a privilege and a

:00:33.:00:39.

pleasure to speak here today. The Commonwealth has the unique place

:00:40.:00:43.

and role within the international community. It harnesses the creative

:00:44.:00:51.

energy, traditions and values of more than two billion people around

:00:52.:00:58.

the world. It strongly promotes democracy, good governance, Human Ri

:00:59.:01:05.

sustainable development. These represent the interdependent pillars

:01:06.:01:12.

of any fair, healthy and democratic society as there can be no peace

:01:13.:01:18.

without inclusive development and no development without peace. And no

:01:19.:01:24.

society can long remain prosperous without rule of law and respect for

:01:25.:01:32.

Human Rights. As well as building and strengthening invaluable links

:01:33.:01:37.

between member countries and their citizens, it also provides the

:01:38.:01:41.

Commonwealth, the Commonwealth also provides practical support from

:01:42.:01:47.

election monitoring, to promoting trade and security co-operation.

:01:48.:01:52.

Education, and school and university level is a further area where the

:01:53.:01:58.

rewards of closer ties and co-operation are ours to seize.

:01:59.:02:05.

Today, the Commonwealth stands as a confident, modern, multi-cultural

:02:06.:02:09.

and proudly inclusive organisation. Let me dwell on the word,

:02:10.:02:15.

"Inclusive" For a moment because it has a central place in the

:02:16.:02:21.

Commonwealth's founding document. This was the people at its heart, at

:02:22.:02:28.

the centre and declares that plurality and diversity are the

:02:29.:02:35.

greatest strengths. It also means that we must constantly strive to

:02:36.:02:41.

ensure that no child, woman or man is excluded or left behind. These

:02:42.:02:47.

are enduring principles which not only bind us together as citizens of

:02:48.:02:55.

the Commonwealth, but are absolutely critical for our collective

:02:56.:03:01.

ambitions for our world. It has never been more important for the

:03:02.:03:08.

Commonwealth to stress the bonds of human compassion and solidarity that

:03:09.:03:14.

unites us across the divides of race and religion, gender and geography.

:03:15.:03:22.

It is also why I'm so pleased to see the royal Commonwealth society has

:03:23.:03:27.

brought together so many young people to enjoy this celebration.

:03:28.:03:34.

They represent the more than one billion young people who will

:03:35.:03:39.

provide our greatest hope for the future. We must trust and nurture

:03:40.:03:45.

them in the timeless values of the Commonwealth. We should be confident

:03:46.:03:53.

that if we provide them with the opportunity, they will continue to

:03:54.:04:01.

build on what has been achieved. No individual has made a greater

:04:02.:04:07.

contribution to these achievements than Your Majesty. You have shown an

:04:08.:04:14.

waivering and steadfast devotion to this grand project. We are greatly

:04:15.:04:22.

honoured and deeply grateful for your extraordinary commitment to its

:04:23.:04:27.

people. I would like to express my best wishes to you and your family

:04:28.:04:34.

in the year in which you celebrate your 90th birthday. Let me conclude

:04:35.:04:44.

by thanking Secretary-General, Camilla Sharma for his invaluable

:04:45.:04:49.

service and leadership and welcome his successor Baroness Scotland.

:04:50.:04:55.

Finally, may I also extend my best wishes to all members of the

:04:56.:05:01.

Commonwealth. We can go forward in the confidence that history has

:05:02.:05:06.

shown how much more we can achieve together. Thank you.

:05:07.:05:18.

APPLAUSE And following that reflection from the former UN

:05:19.:05:23.

Secretary-General, the congregation will sing the hymn Let All The World

:05:24.:05:29.

In Every Corner Sing. # Let all the world in every corner

:05:30.:06:05.

sing, My God and King! # The heavens are not too high,

:06:06.:06:18.

His praise may thither fly, # The earth is not too low,

:06:19.:06:26.

His praises there may grow. # Let all the world in every corner

:06:27.:06:37.

sing, My God and King! # The Church with psalms must shout,

:06:38.:07:05.

No door can keep them out, # But above all, the heart Must

:07:06.:07:14.

bear the longest part. # Let all the world in every corner

:07:15.:07:25.

sing, My God and King!# And now we will hear from some of

:07:26.:07:54.

those representing different faith communities.

:07:55.:08:00.

The Lotus Sutra is as if a great cloud arises in the world

:08:01.:08:03.

This beneficent cloud contains moisture.

:08:04.:08:10.

It conceals the sun and cools the earth.

:08:11.:08:15.

Everywhere, equal, and immeasurable the rain pours down

:08:16.:08:20.

The dry earth is moistened everywhere and the herbs and trees

:08:21.:08:29.

Out of this cloud the same rain waters these grasses,

:08:30.:08:36.

He appears in the world as a great cloud which covers

:08:37.:08:48.

Once appearing in this world he illuminates and explains

:08:49.:08:56.

the essence of the teachings for the sake of sentient beings.

:08:57.:09:03.

The Great Seer, the Bhagavat, expounds this to the assembly

:09:04.:09:08.

of all the heavenly beings and humans.

:09:09.:09:35.

In the eighth-century BCE Hebrew prophet Isaiah declared,

:09:36.:09:38.

in days to come, Israel will be the third with Egypt and Assyria,

:09:39.:09:44.

a blessing in the midst of the earth, whom the God

:09:45.:09:52.

of the hosts of heaven has blessed, saying, "Blessed be Egypt,

:09:53.:09:55.

my people, and Assyria, the work of my hands,

:09:56.:09:57.

Today we are all the children of Egypt, and of Assyria,

:09:58.:10:06.

Eternal God, we pray for the coming of the day when all your children

:10:07.:10:16.

will live together in peace and friendship when oppression,

:10:17.:10:21.

discrimination, and prejudice, will be relics of the past,

:10:22.:10:26.

and all humanity will be filled with your spirit.

:10:27.:10:31.

May such a time come soon, and last forever.

:10:32.:10:59.

Let us walk together, let us sing together,

:11:00.:11:07.

in togetherness we can understand each

:11:08.:11:09.

other's minds, thus did the ancient seers

:11:10.:11:10.

share together to reach their divine ends.

:11:11.:11:12.

May our intentions come together, may our

:11:13.:11:14.

hearts become inseperable, may our minds

:11:15.:11:16.

become as one to truly know one another,

:11:17.:11:19.

O God, we thank you for these moments of prayer, and for all that

:11:20.:11:44.

you have given us since we were born, up to this moment.

:11:45.:11:49.

Make us appreciate what you have given us and inspire us

:11:50.:11:54.

to use your blessings in a way that would not displease you.You have

:11:55.:12:04.

You have given us wealth and comfort,

:12:05.:12:06.

with others, and to dispense comfort to all.

:12:07.:12:20.

Help us to make our wealth a common wealth, and our common wealth

:12:21.:12:23.

Bless us with peace, and do not punish us with war.

:12:24.:12:27.

Bless us with understanding, and do not punish us with ignorance.

:12:28.:12:32.

Forgive us for what we do in your name.

:12:33.:12:42.

Pardon what we do in the name of your most honourable messengers.

:12:43.:12:45.

Give us faith, fill our hearts with love and benevolence,

:12:46.:12:48.

As we gather together in the spirit of the unity and diversity of our

:12:49.:13:18.

Commonwealth, we give thanks to your Lord for the faithful stewardship of

:13:19.:13:23.

Her Majesty, the Queen and pray that you continue to grant her and all

:13:24.:13:29.

who lead with her your blessing, wisdom and support. We thank you

:13:30.:13:35.

Father for your image and likeness what is equally bestowed upon all

:13:36.:13:40.

humanity. Remembering all those affected by the current turmoil in

:13:41.:13:45.

the Middle East and the resulting crisis of displacement across the

:13:46.:13:52.

world. Those who are unable to live with this dignity, that the hearts

:13:53.:13:59.

of their oppressors are softened through the realisation and the

:14:00.:14:04.

value of sacredness of every life and the dignity of all humanity.

:14:05.:14:31.

# O, clap your hands, all ye people,

:14:32.:14:45.

# Shout unto God with the voice of triumph.

:14:46.:14:55.

# For the Lord most high is terrible,

:14:56.:15:03.

# His a great King over all the earth.

:15:04.:15:05.

# The Lord with the sound of a trumpet.

:15:06.:15:16.

# Sing praises to God, sing praises to God,

:15:17.:15:23.

# Sing praises, sing praises, sing praises,

:15:24.:15:27.

# Sing praises unto our King, Sing praises,

:15:28.:15:36.

# The Lord with the sound of a trumpet.

:15:37.:16:32.

# Sing praises to God, sing praises to God,

:16:33.:16:48.

# Sing praises, sing praises, sing praises,

:16:49.:17:02.

# Sing praises unto our King, Sing praises,

:17:03.:17:15.

Now we'll hear from the Secretary-General of the

:17:16.:17:42.

Commonwealth, his excellence Camilla Sharma. As Commonwealth

:17:43.:17:46.

Secretary-General, it's been my privilege in the past eight years to

:17:47.:17:53.

visit every one of her 53 member states.

:17:54.:17:59.

I have seen the attraction of the Commonwealth connection, the

:18:00.:18:02.

exceptional regard that it enjoys and the sense of kinship and

:18:03.:18:09.

affinity that informs it. There's a bond within the

:18:10.:18:16.

Commonwealth that sets it apart. Partnership based on shared

:18:17.:18:25.

Commonwealth values and principles, especially mutual respect, is

:18:26.:18:29.

treasured. The Commonwealth sets a high premium on being inclusive of

:18:30.:18:37.

our theme for the year and in being all-embracing and leaving no-one

:18:38.:18:40.

behind, whether nationally or globally.

:18:41.:18:48.

The Commonwealth is particularly affirming and encouraging of her

:18:49.:18:55.

young citizens as nation-builders. The Commonwealth provides avenues

:18:56.:19:00.

for working together that help the larger family of Commonwealth

:19:01.:19:06.

organisations. That is unique in its richness and in its contribution and

:19:07.:19:13.

in its diversity. We are now bound closer together in practical ways in

:19:14.:19:20.

our shared aspirations. In many different ways and at many different

:19:21.:19:25.

levels. Ideas and knowledge are shared in the Commonwealth family,

:19:26.:19:30.

across the globe, in the spirit of goodwill and partnership.

:19:31.:19:36.

Taking strength from its diversity, the Commonwealth succeeds in

:19:37.:19:41.

creating common ground on which to stand together in answering the

:19:42.:19:48.

challenges of our times. Mutual support with respect and

:19:49.:19:52.

understanding for the dignity and on David Trimble yuetion of all gives

:19:53.:19:58.

potency to the acclaimed convening power of the Commonwealth.

:19:59.:20:12.

Globalisation, the digital revolution and interdependence make

:20:13.:20:22.

us both rapingly compacting but also a colliding world. The strengths of

:20:23.:20:30.

the Commonwealth were never needed more to assert global outcomes and

:20:31.:20:35.

Strouss in the richness of her human identities. The creation of the

:20:36.:20:44.

modern Commonwealth was one of the greatest acts of statesmanship and

:20:45.:20:48.

collective faith in the 20th century.

:20:49.:20:53.

It's justified the faith by the whiches Dom and contribution it's

:20:54.:21:00.

brought to the world we share. Freedom and diversity makes it a

:21:01.:21:06.

template for the world and gives it its healing touch.

:21:07.:21:15.

The conviction of the Commonwealth is, and the human community, is

:21:16.:21:25.

indevisible. All societies, irrespective of size, have an equal

:21:26.:21:36.

right to A Place In The Sun. The eagle to soar needs all its

:21:37.:21:45.

feathers. We need to pledge ourselves afresh to uphold an serve

:21:46.:21:49.

the values of the fellowship of the Commonwealth.

:21:50.:21:56.

We affirm that every person possesses unique worth and dignity.

:21:57.:21:58.

We affirm our respect for nature, and that we will be stewards

:21:59.:22:02.

of the earth by caring for every part of it,

:22:03.:22:06.

We affirm our belief in justice for everyone,

:22:07.:22:11.

and peace between peoples and nations.

:22:12.:22:13.

Joining together in kinship and affinity as members of one

:22:14.:22:17.

worldwide Commonwealth family, we celebrate this great global good,

:22:18.:22:21.

the value it adds for all humanity, and the encouragement we each

:22:22.:22:28.

receive as members of "An Inclusive Commonwealth".

:22:29.:22:33.

We cherish the spirit of teamwork that inspires us,

:22:34.:22:37.

and the ties of friendship that enable us to work with one another

:22:38.:22:42.

towards creating just and peaceful societies,

:22:43.:22:46.

achieving sustainable and inclusive social progress,

:22:47.:22:51.

advancing democracy, and building economic resilience

:22:52.:22:55.

with prosperity in which all citizens can share.

:22:56.:22:57.

We affirm our belief in the Commonwealth as a force

:22:58.:23:01.

for good in the world, and pledge ourselves to its service,

:23:02.:23:09.

Following that collective act of affirmation to the Commonwealth, the

:23:10.:23:30.

final hymn, Love Divine, All Loves Excelling.

:23:31.:23:34.

# Love divine, all loves excelling, joy of heaven, to earth come down,

:23:35.:23:43.

# Fix in us thy humble dwelling, all thy faithful mercies crown!

:23:44.:24:03.

# Jesus thou art all compassion, pure, unbounded love thou art,

:24:04.:24:17.

# Visit us with thy salvation, enter every trembling heart.

:24:18.:24:34.

# Breathe, O breathe thy loving Spirit into every troubled breast!

:24:35.:24:44.

# Let us all in thee inherit, let us find that second rest.

:24:45.:24:49.

# Come, Almighty to deliver, let us all thy life receive,

:24:50.:24:54.

# Suddenly return and never, nevermore thy temples leave.

:24:55.:25:07.

# Thee we would be always blessing, serve thee as thy hosts above,

:25:08.:25:19.

# Pray and praise thee without ceasing,

:25:20.:25:28.

# Finish, then, thy new creation, pure and spotless let us be.

:25:29.:25:48.

# Let us see thy great salvation perfectly restored in thee,

:25:49.:26:01.

# From glory into glory, till in heaven we take our place,

:26:02.:26:17.

# Till we cast our crowns before thee, lost in wonder,

:26:18.:26:28.

Unto God's gracious mercy and protection

:26:29.:26:52.

The Lord bless you and keep you, the Lord make his face to shine

:26:53.:26:59.

upon you, and be gracious unto you.

:27:00.:27:02.

The Lord lift up the light of his countenance upon you,

:27:03.:27:05.

and give you peace, and the blessing of God

:27:06.:27:10.

almighty, the Father, the Son, and the Holy

:27:11.:27:14.

Spirit, be among you and remain with you

:27:15.:27:17.

MUSIC: Allegro Maestoso from Sonata in G Op 28 by Edward Elgar

:27:18.:28:43.

The Commonwealth flag comes into the centre of the Abbey for the final

:28:44.:28:48.

procession at the end of this service. It's carried by the vice

:28:49.:28:57.

chair of the Commonwealth Youth Council. And the Commonwealth mace

:28:58.:29:07.

is being carried by the Chair of the Commonwealth Youth Council from

:29:08.:29:10.

Malaysia who told me before the service that, not only did he

:29:11.:29:14.

consider it a great honour to be carrying the mace, which is only

:29:15.:29:19.

used on important Commonwealth occasions, but that, as the chair of

:29:20.:29:22.

the Commonwealth Youth Council and having this role close to the Queen

:29:23.:29:26.

in this procession, he thinks it's symbolic of the youth of the

:29:27.:29:31.

Commonwealth, the fact that so many of the citizens of these 53

:29:32.:29:34.

countries are so young. Dr Sue Onslow has been watching the

:29:35.:29:45.

service with me and, the Queen's been to many of these Commonwealth

:29:46.:29:50.

Day services. What did you make of this one?

:29:51.:29:55.

The Queen has led by example, she's called before for the Commonwealth

:29:56.:30:00.

to use deeds, as well as words. These were fine words. There is a

:30:01.:30:03.

positive energy now about the Commonwealth. It needs to put into

:30:04.:30:09.

practise what Kofi Annan called for in support for human rights and

:30:10.:30:13.

democracy. A sense of the Commonwealth is a force for good,

:30:14.:30:17.

those were the words we heard today. Absolutely. As an organisation that

:30:18.:30:24.

permits people -- promotes people working together, stresses their

:30:25.:30:27.

humanity and shared values. It's an added organisation in that it makes

:30:28.:30:31.

people feel better about each other and in today's Dwighteded world,

:30:32.:30:35.

that's only for the good -- divided world. It's a knew nook association

:30:36.:30:40.

of states. What do they get out of it, this is a network? Very much a

:30:41.:30:43.

network. The Commonwealth doesn't have a large development budget, its

:30:44.:30:47.

heads only meet every couple of years, but it's that very network,

:30:48.:30:52.

the interconnectedness that we can definitely exploit, particularly in

:30:53.:30:55.

this digital age. How much does it depend on what the Queen's done and

:30:56.:30:58.

what younger members of the Royal Family have done in making that

:30:59.:31:04.

effort to travel to these distant parts of the globe? As the Duke of

:31:05.:31:13.

Cambridge said, he said he sees the family as an ideal. Its informality

:31:14.:31:26.

is key, can you ever card. The future of the Commonwealth. What

:31:27.:31:29.

will the General Secretary bring to the role? A Unique contribution, a

:31:30.:31:34.

woman, a child of the Commonwealth, born in the Caribbean and educated

:31:35.:31:39.

and achieved her professional standing here in England. I think

:31:40.:31:43.

that, as I said, there is a positive energy about the Commonwealth going

:31:44.:31:46.

forward, but he needs the support of key heads and can't do it all by

:31:47.:31:50.

herself. The heads of Government. Well, the Queen is nearly at the

:31:51.:31:55.

door of the Abbey now and is meeting the performers who we met during the

:31:56.:32:01.

service -- saw during the service, Ellie Goulding she sang after the

:32:02.:32:06.

service and also sang at the wedding of the Duke and Duchess of

:32:07.:32:07.

Cambridge. Waiting to greet the Queen is the

:32:08.:32:22.

lady who delivered the powerful reflection of her experience of

:32:23.:32:25.

racism in a Commonwealth country and in the presence Sue, of her own

:32:26.:32:30.

Prime Minister. It was a strong and dignified message and I was watching

:32:31.:32:35.

Dr Muscat's face as she was delivering it. He was listening

:32:36.:32:40.

intently. It is a reminder of the battles that some of the

:32:41.:32:44.

marginalised communities within this Commonwealth feel and how relevant

:32:45.:32:48.

that theme of an inclusive Commonwealth is. Absolutely, she was

:32:49.:32:53.

highlighting the day-to-day lived experiences and this was an

:32:54.:32:56.

extraordinary celebration of inclusivity in the Commonwealth. I

:32:57.:33:00.

was also struck by the particularly strong contribution from the Muslim

:33:01.:33:04.

community here which was very pleasing to see. Well sh the Dean of

:33:05.:33:07.

Westminster is standing with the Queen. He is pointing her in the

:33:08.:33:12.

direction of the role of honour of civilian war dead from the Second

:33:13.:33:17.

World War. It is seven leather bound volumes in a case just by the Abbey

:33:18.:33:27.

door. More than 60,000 civilian fatalities between 1939 and 1945,

:33:28.:33:31.

their names are listed in the volumes and the Queen has paused to

:33:32.:33:37.

have a look as she prepares to leave the Abbey. Other members of the

:33:38.:33:42.

Royal Family are still in that line of people who are saying farewell to

:33:43.:33:48.

them as they leave at the end of this Commonwealth Day service. The

:33:49.:33:55.

flags that we saw process out of the Abbey are now outside and they've

:33:56.:34:00.

lined up behind the choir. We will see them in a moment, but there is

:34:01.:34:07.

the Queen receiving one of the many bouquets of flowers she will have

:34:08.:34:18.

had during her reign. And there are members of the choir waiting to

:34:19.:34:26.

greet her at the end this. James O'Donnell, the organist and master

:34:27.:34:30.

of the choristers who directed the choir today. He has been presented

:34:31.:34:36.

to the Queen. She is talking to stop to him for a moment about the

:34:37.:34:49.

service. The Abbey choristers who played such a special role. At the

:34:50.:34:54.

end of the line two of the senior choristers are waiting to give Her

:34:55.:34:57.

Majesty an early birthday present. They are giving her a framed picture

:34:58.:35:04.

of her horse. It was called Choir Boy and it won the Royal Hunt Cup at

:35:05.:35:14.

Ascot on 17th June 1953. Rather appropriately Your Winning Choir Boy

:35:15.:35:19.

it says in that race from 1953. These two boys are in their final

:35:20.:35:26.

year in the Abbey Choir School. They are 13 and this is their final year

:35:27.:35:33.

at the Abbey and the last they will be singing in before they leave. Dr

:35:34.:35:41.

Sue Onslow, this is rather special because it is just before the

:35:42.:35:50.

Queen's 90th birthday celebrations. There were so many symbols of the

:35:51.:35:53.

Commonwealth woven throughout the service, the flowers from all over

:35:54.:35:57.

the Commonwealth, picking up the colours in the Commonwealth flag.

:35:58.:36:00.

The choice of readings to emphasise the shared values of the different

:36:01.:36:06.

faiths within the Commonwealth. Dr Sue Onslow from the Institute of

:36:07.:36:12.

Commonwealth Studies, thank you very much. Thank you.

:36:13.:36:26.

BELLS PEEL So the Queen is just leaving the

:36:27.:36:34.

Abbey, this Commonwealth Day Service has come to an end. Other members of

:36:35.:36:38.

the Royal Family have been here with her. It is the first of the Queen's

:36:39.:36:45.

90th birthday events. The next will be on her birthday itself, 21st

:36:46.:36:49.

April when she will be celebrating in Windsor. And there will be a

:36:50.:36:53.

special programme to mark that occasion here on BBC One. For now,

:36:54.:36:56.

from Westminster Abbey, goodbye.

:36:57.:37:06.

Live from Westminster Abbey in London, Her Majesty the Queen is joined by senior members of the royal family to lead a service of celebration for Commonwealth Day. Presented by Mishal Husain, the service features a live music performance by Ellie Goulding and a contribution from Kofi Annan.


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