04/12/2013 BBC News at Ten


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Tonight at Ten: More spending cuts on the way in the Chancellor's


Autumn Statement, to be unveiled tomorrow. The message from Number 11


is that budgets will be cut by an extra ?1 billion for the next three


years. But ministers are keen to underline their long-term plans for


major investment in big building projects. What you will see in the


Autumn Statement are the next steps in the long-term plan, which will


turn the country around and get it out of our difficulties with debt


and deficit. We'll have more detail on the eve of the statement and


we'll be assessing the strength of the economic recovery. Also


tonight... A special report from the Central African Republic on the


immense human cost of the civil war. TRANSLATION:


They killed my father and took his body. I do not know what will happen


to me now. Record fines for some of the world's biggest banks, including


RBS, after they rigged interest rates. Nigella Lawson tells a court


she's not a drug addict but admits using cocaine on two occasions in


the past. And England say they are all set for the second Ashes Test


against Australia, which starts tonight.


Coming up on BBC News, nine games in the Premier league tonight and there


have been plenty of goals. We will bring you all the results.


Good evening. The Chancellor is to announce more spending cuts for


Whitehall departments, when he delivers his Autumn Statement


tomorrow morning. The hardest hit will include the Home Office and the


Department for Work and Pensions. Budgets will be reduced by an extra


?1 billion for each of the next three years. But he'll allocate ?150


million for school kitchens to increase the provision of free


meals. And he'll confirm plans for major building projects with ?25


billion being invested by the big insurance companies. There will be


an update on the forecast for economic growth. Robert Peston will


be looking at strength of the recovery. But, first, our deputy


political editor looks ahead to the Chancellor's statement. It is a


closed book for now. When George Osborne opens up his Autumn


Statement tomorrow, you knows it will not be all smiles. When he


leaves them 11 for the House of Commons, it would be another number


that will matter - the extra 1 million -- ?1 billion a year he will


cut. He needs the money to pay for more tax breaks and free school


meals. Some departments will be protected but there were now be more


cuts for welfare, business and the Justice Department is, on top of an


exposed in ?10 million squeeze. Today, the man who will make those


cuts had what he hoped will be better news. The Chief Secretary to


the Treasury went deep underground to see tunnels being dragged to


spread electricity across London and promised support for similar


infrastructure projects. We are making real progress in delivering


an infrastructure fit for purpose. It will demonstrate a long-term


vision. It is a plan which will help to secure long-term investment and


lead sustainable, strong and long-term growth. There will be no


new public money but the government will raise cash by selling off its


stake in Eurostar and six insurance firms have promised to spend money


as well. Labour has said there is not enough progress. Isn't it about


time the government actually invested in the fundamentals to


strengthen our economy for the long-term? When will all these


reheated releases finally translate into diggers on the ground? The


government said that subsidised prices for onshore wind farms and


solar energy will be cut substantially over the next five


years. In return, there will be extra support for offshore wind, but


not until 2018. The deal that please Tory MPs and the Lib Dems.


We have the energy security we need and we are getting better value for


money. The Prime Minister said the long-term plan of making cuts was


paying off and hinted the government was ready to go further. If the


economy continues to grow and the sun continues to shine, we should be


fixing the roof. That means, not just getting rid of our deficit


but, in good years, trying to put money aside. The Chancellor is


putting the final touches to his speech. His message, the economy is


recovering but there will be more pain before the job is done. The


Chancellor will deliver his Autumn Statement against a backdrop of


improving economic forecasts. But critics say it is a recovery based


on the wrong foundations - a possible property bubble and


consumer spending. Robert Peston has been taking soundings at a busy


shopping centre in Kent. Lovely! If it is Christmas in a


shopping mall, the huge Bluewater in Kent, I am bored. The day before the


Chancellor 's check on public finances to judge whether shoppers


are in the mood about the economic recovery. Are you spending or


saving? I am spending at the moment but would like to say. I am saving


more than I am spending. I am smart saving. Definitely spending. I would


probably say saving at the moment. Spending a bit more. Spending a bit


more today. In this enormous shopping centre, people are feeling


more confident and spending more. With the economy as a whole, rising


household consumption has been driving the recovery. If that is


going to last, it has two have other sources of growth. Businesses need


to be more successful and they have to invest more. A derelict warehouse


near Preston. If Norman feels the recovery is built to last, he will


expand his plumbing supplies business into it. He is trying to


decide whether the outlook has improved enough for it to be worth


taking bigger risks. No one in government really knows what it is


like to run a business and sit there before payday knowing you have two


feet 40, 45 malls. It is really important we are given the


confidence to not just move one two steps and play it safe, but really


start running because I think we can. What growth we have is faster.


Japan only have .5% in America .7%. Right now, the UK is top of the big


rich country recovery league table, with growth of .8%. We do hope the


recovery will begin to work through to people 's pockets and wage


packets over the next year or two. I do think people will be feeling


somewhat more prosperous. There is an awful lot of ground to make up.


Wages have fallen significantly and people will be poorer than they were


in 2008. What the Chancellor will try to do tomorrow is help to


sustain the recovery long enough so we start to feel richer before the


general election. James Landale is in Downing Street. Tell us a little


more about what you think the Chancellor is hoping to achieve in


the statement tomorrow. The Chancellor is an unusual position.


Forecasters suggest he is likely to have positive economic news, not


just about the economy but the state of the recovery. Today, there has


been an attempt to get some of the bad news out early. That is why we


have learned he will make more spending cuts in Whitehall. It is


emerging tonight he is likely to bring forward plans to raise the


state pension retirement age, so that many people in our 40s and


below are likely to have two wait till they are 68 to get the state


pension. For all the positive news about the economy he is expecting,


he will make the point there is still work to be done. There is more


austerity to come. He wants to tell voters there is still economic risks


so do not risk voting for the other side. Labour is keeping up its


pressure, to keep the debate firmly locked on the cost of living. They


have a new advert out talking about the cost of living bombshell


reminiscent of old Tory posters. The task of George Osborne tomorrow is


to try to change the subject of political debate back to the


economy. The United Nations is to vote


tomorrow on plans to send thousands of troops to the Central African


Republic, where a tide of violence has left much of the country in


chaos. In March, a Muslim rebel group overthrew the country's


president and took power. Since then, many civilians have been under


attack and Christian fighters have retaliated. 400,000 people are


thought to have fled their homes. It is not known how many have died. Our


Africa correspondent and cameraman Fred Scott have travelled to a town


where 40,000 people have fled. Their report contains graphic accounts of


violence and images you might find distressing.


The silence is wanting and unbroken. It lasts for hundreds of


miles. Abandoned villages, burned villages. And the eerie sense of a


nation in hiding. Finally, we spot three nervous, ghostlike figures. On


the right, this man says, we thought you were the rebels. He says his


family is of six kids. The rest are hiding in the bushes, too scared to


come back to the road. We are hiding in the bushes, too scared to come


back to the road. We're going to see them now. As word spreads, others


cautiously approach us. Months of conflict in the Central African


Republic have forced 400,000 people to run for their lives. They are


stranded, increasingly desperate and far from help. Disease killed this


girl 's younger brother last week. We live like animals here, says the


local teacher. No clean water, no food. Back on the road and far to


the south, we ran into the rebels. They are mostly Muslims, some


foreign. They seized power in the country weeks ago but their


rebellion, by no means the first here, has collapsed into a murderous


free for all. Now it seems no one is in charge and violence is surging.


Suddenly, we stumble across the latest bloodshed. They bring out


their dead. Fighters attacked a fewer hours ago. A gallon Christian


farmer is one of five killed here, religion now fuelling the violence.


-- a young Christian farmer. The Muslims are terrorising us, he said.


And now the Christians are hitting back. Nearby, we meet members of a


self defence militia. The weapons are home-made. The desire for


vengeance is growing. These groups have already carried out brutal


reprisals against Muslims. In the middle of the mayhem, this boy has


found sanctuary in a church compound in a town called Bossangoa. He was


left as an orphan. 40,000 people have now joined him here. He fights


back the tears. They killed my father, he says, and took his body.


I do not know what will happen to me now.


It is feared that is trapping thousands of people in this one


spot, and that will not change until people are sure it is safe to go


home. The French and African forces are poised to arrive here in the


next week or so, and things could improve quickly. But can they


protect everyone, and for how long? This is a chronically unstable


nation. With trust absent, the only currency that counts is fear, and


things have never been this bad. The European Commission has imposed


record fines on some of the world 's biggest banks for rigging interest


rates. Six financial institutions including Royal Bank Of Scotland


have confined nearly 1.5 billion pounds for fixing international


rates in the run-up to the financial crisis. Barclays and UBS have not


been fined, as they had admitted that the cartel existed. Let's get


more from our chief economics correspondent. It is worth


underlining that this is just the latest episode in this scandal?


Yes, the latest twist in a story that goes back to last year, when


Barclays was fined by US and UK regulators of allegations of


interest rate fixing. There was a public outcry and other banks were


fined including RBS. Now the European Commission has looked at


suggestions that banks colluded with each other and broke on British law


over interest rate rigging . Several banks have been fined including RBS,


it to the tune of ?325 million. But the bank says it had set that money


aside already. Barclays and UBS are not being looked at because they


went to the commission from the outset. But HSBC is still being


investigated, although it says it will vigorously counter the


allegations. Nigella Lawson, the author and


celebrity cook, has admitted in court that she has taken McCain and


smoked cannabis, but she insisted that she was not a regular user or


an addict. She was giving evidence in the trial of the two former


assistants, who deny charges of fraud. She accused her former


husband, Charles Saatchi, of subjecting her to act is of intimate


terrorism. This report contains flash photography.


Nigella Lawson today look confident as she walked into court. In a


dramatic day of evidence, she said it was her that was facing trial by


the media, following revelations about her marriage to Charles


Saatchi and allegations that she was an habitual drug user. Ms Lawson was


in fact appearing as they witness in the trial of two of her former


personal assistant is, Elisabetta and Francesca Grillo. They are


accused of dishonestly spending over half ?1 million on a company credit


card. In court, Ms Lawson chose to stand as she gave hours of evidence.


The first time she took cocaine was with her late husband, the writer


John Diamond, after he was diagnosed with terminal cancer. The next time


was in 2010, when she was married to Charles Saatchi, who gave evidence


last week. Ms Lawson alleged that following their divorce Cumbria Mr


Saatchi had threatened her eyes saying, if you don't clear my name,


I will destroy you by spreading false allegations of drug use.


Nigella Lawson and her ex-husband, the multimillionaire art collector


Charles Saatchi, were often photographed in public together.


Then in the summer, these paparazzi photos were published in which Mr


Saatchi has his hand around Ms Lawson's neck. Later, he is seen


pinching her nose. The couple separated soon after. She told the


jury, I felt subjected to intimate terror risen by Mr Saatchi. Nigella


Lawson is one of Britain's most elevated TV cooks, and her shows are


a pillar of broad. In the glare of the world's media, Nigella today


faced tough questions about her personal life. She will return


tomorrow to complete her evidence. The the Grillos denied the charges


against them. Police in Leeds are questioning a


37-year-old man in connection with the shooting of a policewoman early


this morning. The officer is being treated in hospital for serious


injuries to her face, neck and right hand. She was injured in the


Headingley area of the city as she responded to a routine call with a


colleague. The jury in the trial of two men


accused of murdering the soldier Lee Rigby in south London has been


played recorded police interviews with one of the suspect. Michael


Adebolajo describes himself as a "soldier of Allah" and said it gave


him little joy to approach anybody and slay them.


This was Michael Adebolajo, being interviewed at a police station in


south London. He covered himself with a blanket throughout, and said


he wanted to be known by his Muslim name. He described his co-defendant


as his brother. He said he knew him as Ishmael, not Michael Adebowale.


Together from the dock, they watched Michael Adebolajo in police


interviews, saying Britain was at war with Muslims. He told detect


gives, the leaders of Britain are wicked.


He and Michael Adebowale butchered Lee Rigby with a meat cleaver and a


knife as he made his way back to his barracks. The soldier's family were


in court as Michael Adebolajo spoke in his interviews about the killing.


Among evidence shown today was user Lee Rigby's military rucksack, which


he was carrying when the men targeted him. And there were


pictures of their car that they drove at him. After being shot and


arrested, the men were initially under police guard in hospital,


before being transferred to this high security police station.


Tomorrow, the jury is due to learn more about what Michael Adebolajo


told detectives here, as the prosecution case moves into its


final phase. The defendants are pleading not guilty to murder. They


also deny conspiring to kill and attempting to kill a police officer.


As the British economy enjoys some welcome growth, the picture across


the English Channel is different. There are fears that France could be


heading back into recession after the latest figures showed that the


service sector is shrinking at an even faster rate than experts


predicted. It follows poor manufacturing data published earlier


this week. Thousands of people have in protesting against the tax


reforms put forward by President Hollande.


They may well stand for the president, but Francois Hollande is


the plea unpopular, with an night, me seen as the weak link in Europe


and a leader facing a growing revolt against high taxes. Almost daily,


there are protests. Here in Brittany, truckers and farmers have


in demonstrating against a new environmental tax, an eco-tax on


heavy goods vehicles. We want either that they stop the eco-tax or change


it. You cannot always ask the same ones to pay more taxes. It is not


possible. The protesters have taken to wearing red hats, a symbol of an


earlier tax protest. There was further evidence today of a drop in


new orders, with the fear that France could be falling back into


recession. TRANSLATION: The mood is -- the mood in France is very down.


The anti-tax protests in Brittany are part of a wider discontent.


President Hollande is getting the worst ratings of any president in


the history of the French republic. This week, highways have been


blocked. Polls suggest that 94% of the French want reforms, and much of


their frustration is directed at the president. People think Francois


Hollande has not enough courage in terms of reforms. He does not do


enough, according to people, so they want someone stronger. The president


points to a minor improvement with unemployment, and his ministers


insist that some taxes are being cut. We have decided to make tax


cuts on companies. We have said to people, you have to pay more taxes.


Today, President Hollande was meeting African leaders. On foreign


policy, he has been decisive, but at home, he has been cautious, backing


down in the face of opposition. In a few hours time, the second


Ashes test gets underway in Adelaide, one with Australia 1-0 up


in the series. The England captain Alastair Cook has urged both teams


to improve their conduct on the field and criticised some players


for going over the top in the first test, as he put it. Let's join our


correspondent in Adelaide. This is always known as Australia's


most picturesque cricket venue. We have had a bit of drizzle here this


morning and it is breezy. The teams are going to play in this stadium


while it is still under reconstruction. We are not sure how


the England team will be built up. Above all, we are wondering if both


teams will obey instructions to cool down.


The Adelaide Oval is being rebuilt. There is an air of friction, angry


noise, but that is not just the builders. The first test finished


with a verbal threats between England and Australia. Cricket's


world governing body has warned the sides about their behaviour for this


match. Do you think anything has changed in the dynamic between the


teams? No matter the still just as aggressive? It will not change. In


this part of the country, there is one family and one name that stands


out as a symbol of Australian cricket attitude - chap L. Three


Chappell brothers have represented their country. Greg is stylish,


stubborn and inspirationally Australian. These days, his job is


to spot new talent. He has seen all the confrontation before. There has


always been that passion. If there wasn't, the game would not be worth


watching. Every now and then, things bubble over and go yonder where you


would like them to go. Alastair Cook knows his team cannot take a


backward step. He also told me that the captains must protect the image


of cricket. People want to see real cricket, that is what they enjoy.


There have to be boundaries. Last week, we let our emotions get ahead


of us and it became a bit sponsored... As the captains. The


new Adelaide Oval will not be complete in time for this test.


England no that for this theory is, if they lose again here, they will


also be almost finished. That is all from us. The BBC News


Channel has details of the winter storm which will hit Scotland and


northern England tonight, bringing possible travel problems and


flooding. Now we


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