06/12/2013 BBC News at Ten


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Sgljtsds South Africa and the world mourn the passing of Nelson Mandela.


The man described as the greatest leader of our time.


In South Africa, the sadness is mixed with celebration and thanks


for the man who brought them democracy. Thank you for the gift of


Madiba. Thank you for what he has enable


enabled us to know we can become. Here in Britain, people pay tribute


to a man whose impact was felt all over the world.


He lived this extraordinary life. A belief in this simple principal of


fighting discrimination. This extraordinary struggle of all those


years in prison. Then the immense triumph of against adversity.


There'll be a state funeral a week on Sunday. We are live in


Johannesburg with the latest. Also tonight - a lucky escape after the


worst tidal surge in 60 years as the east of England is left to count the


cost. A Royal Marine who killed a Taliban insurgent is lived a life


sentence for murder. And the moment England learnt who they will play in


next year's World Cup finals. And coming up in Sportsday on BBC


News: England face a difficult day as they try and save the second


Ashes Test. That is after Australia pile on the pressure on day two.


Good evening. Tributes have been pouring in from around the world for


the former South African leader, Nelson Mandela, who died yesterday.


The current President confirmed he'll be given a full state funeral


a week on Sunday. Tonight, we are in South Africa, where people have been


mourning, but also celebrating the life of the man they call the father


of the nation. We'll have reaction from Britain and elsewhere to the


passing of the man who made the journey from prisoner to President.


And we will look at Nelson Mandela's legacy in uniting South Africa after


years of apartheid. First tonight, our correspondent, Gabriel


Gatehouse, is in Johannesburg. What is the atmosphere there?


Well, I am standing just outside the house where a little over 24 hours


ago Nelson Mandela passed away and you can probably hear the dancing


and the singing in the background. These are old antiapartheid struggle


songs. Don't mistake this for happiness though. Flags are flagging


at half-mast across South Africa. This is a nation in mourning.


They come from all walks of life and from all communities to pay respects


outside the home of Nelson Mandela. The sense of bereavement is


palpable. For some, almost private, personal.


But this is also a coming together, a nation united in mourning, but


also in celebration of the life of the man they call Madiba.


People are celebrating the life of Nelson Mandela. I think that what he


would want us to do to celebrate his life. The world saw him at large. We


lived through him. We kept on holding on to that change that he


did. I hope with his spirit going, it lives and grows in us. As South


Africa prepares for a state funeral of unpress departmented proportions


-- unprecedented proportions thoughts turn to what sort of nation


Nelson Mandela leaves behind. We will always love Madiba for teaching


us that it is possible to overcome hatred and anger in order to build a


new nation and a new society. Nelson Mandela went to prison an


angry young man - a fighter, committed to defeating his enemies


by violence, if necessary. 27 years later, he emerged preaching


reconciliation, but he never gave up the struggle.


I have no doubt that each and every one of you, all these years, can say


with authority and confidence that I have travel travelled this long road


to freedom. I trust I did not falter.


I made miss-steps along the way, but I have discover discovered the


secret that after crossing a great hill one only finds that there are


many more hills to cross. In church today, Mr Mandela's


long-time collaborator in peace, Archbishop Desmond Tutu gave thanks


for a global icon. God, thank you for the gift of Madiba. Thank you


for what he has enabled us to know we can become.


For decades the struggle against apartheid looked like it might be


crushed by a brutal regime. A system that applied violence and racist


ideology in equal measure to oppress South Africa's black majority and


keep a white elite in power. Having won the battle against apartheid,


Nelson Mandela shared his victory with his former oppressors.


I think his greatest legacy, to South Africa and to the world, is


the emphasis which he has always put on the need for reconciliation.


It would be a hard heart indeed that wasn't moved by this spectacle,


these flowers, candles, these messages - many written by children


in in born in a post apartheid South Africa. Messages which boil down to


one thing, tata Madiba, thank you for freeing our country.


Though the race laws are gone, South Africa is still a land of vast


economic inequalities. In death, as in life, Nelson Mandela's unique


ability to bring people together and to lift their spirits remains


undimmed. In Britain, tributes to Nelson


Mandela came from across the political spectrum. The President


was the first to sign a book of condolence for Nelson Mandela in


South Africa House. He praised his generosity, humour and sense of


forgiveness. Our political editor examines the impact Nelson Mandela


made on British politics during the apartheid years and since. This


report contains some flash photography. In death, as in life,


he's a towering figure, who looks over Parliament alongside Winston


Churchill and Abraham Lincoln. To millions, he's more father-figure


than politician. A man with the power to move as well as to inspire.


This morning, the Prime Minister signed the official book of


condolence, ending a biblical quote - blessed are the peace makers. The


memory I have is his lack of malice towards those who had done this to


him. The Labour leader praised not just Mandela but those in Britain


who had fought apartheid. I remember all those people who were part of


his movement. He once said about Britain that it was the second


headquarters of the ANC in exile. On today of all days, people of all


parties and of none, unite in praising Nelson Mandela. During his


long struggle against apartheid, that was not always the case.


In the 1970s, rugby and cricket teams who agreed to play South


African touring sides were targeted. There were demands that British


companies and companies stopped invested in the regime. A leading


campaigner went on to become Britain's Minister for Africa. Many


countries in the west, including Britain and the United States almost


saw Nelson Mandela and the ANC as agents of Communist. That is the way


it was sense. Nelson Mandela had been in prison for 20 years when


Margaret Thatcher choose not to boycott South Africa, but welcome


her Prime Minister to Chequers. You don't want to always have the


stick to South Africa. I think she's a bit fed up of that. When she does


things we want her to do, I think we have to encourage her. She was


accused of giving respectability to a murderous regime. Her allies


insist she was acting to prevent more bloodshed. What we did was to


ensure, so far it was in our power, that apartheid ended peacefully.


That was what happened. Now, some people may say that was


despite our policy. I would like to think it was because of our policy.


Some will never forgive Mrs Thatcher for opposing sanctions and calling


Mr Mandela's ANC terrorists. Others point to letters that in private she


had for years argued for his release from prison.


Nelson Mandela was a regular visitor to London. Gordon Brown sought his


help when leading negotiations to make poverty history. He kindly came


over and he helped me negotiate a settlement on debt relief, with some


of the Finance Ministers of the world. Quietly, behind the scenes,


unreported, Nelson Mandela helping us bring about another great change


in the world. At the unveiling of his statue in Parliament Square,


Mandela recalled what he and an ally had said 45 years earlier. We have


hope that one day a statue of a black person would be erected here.


Freedom fighter, political prisoner, global statesman. Perhaps Mandela's


greatest achievement was to bring together those who once disagreed


violently. Thousands of people gathered outside


Nelson Mandela's former home in Soweto to celebrate his life. The


jops burg township was at -- Johannesburg township was at the


heart of the fight against apartheid.


Paying tribute to the father of the nation through song and dance.


Nelson Mandela was the reconcile ler. This is the very house that Mr


Mandela returned the to when he was released from prison, back in


February of 1990. We met one of Mr Mandela's


neighbours. We all know that... He told us how he took the


newly-released prisoner to meet those who lived the same street. I


went with Mandela to reintroduce him back to the


went with Mandela to reintroduce him back to neighbour s. To make them


aware he still loves them. When I wept to school here in Soweto in the


late 1970s and 1980s Mr Mandela over the road there, where you see that


crowd was still in prison. All this was dead road. This is why Soweto


embodied the spirit of the fight against apartheid. Mr Mandela


inspired this place to keep that fight going against racial


oppression. White South Africans feared after


Nelson Mandela's death they would face an uncertain future.


The men who succeeded Mandela as President told me that there is


nothing to fear. There are some people in the country who feel like


that, that when Mandela goes, then all hell will break lose.


It's wrong. People should not entertain this


fear that something disastrous will happen. Tonight, as the people


continue to celebrate Nelson Mandela's life through songs,


there's no doubt that his legacy in this place will live on for a long


time to come. Our world affairs editor is here


with me. You have met Mr Mandela. You interviewed him. What are your


personal recollections? I was just watching the report there and


thinking of the first time I met Mandela, in 1991. I met him quite a


lot of times over the years. I went to that house. I was an


hour-and-a-half late for the appointment. I thought, I am going


to find out whether he is a decent, nice human being or not. And I was


full of apologies, of course. He took me in. Put his arms around me


and all the time I was apologising, he was thanking me for my kindness.


Can you imagine - in coming to see him.


He just had that ability - I never found it in any other leader that I


have ever met - to treat you at the level that you could perhaps


possibly find it in your heart to be - not the flawed, ordinary, normal


failed person that you were, but the person you could be. He seemed to


treat you like that. I have a very good friend who has got a profoundly


disabled son and this friend goes to see Mandela, or used to go and see


Mandela a great deal. When Mandela found out about the son, he insisted


that my friend should bring him. He looked after him. He talked to him,


which was not easy. He fed him. I have interviewed and met a lot of


leaders, I cannot think of anybody who could do that kind of thing.


Thank you very much. Well, we will have more on the


passing of Nelson Mandela and developments in South Africa later


in the programme. But first tonight's other news now


and hundreds of properties have been flooded across the east coast of


England after a powerful storm triggered the worst tidal surge for


60 years. In Boston in Lincolnshire, people have begun to clear up the


damage caused when flood defences were breached last night. In


Norfolk, a number of properties fell into


Scarborough, on the north-east coast, and as the tidal surge came,


the driver of this vehicle only had seconds to save himself. He


clambered to safety as his van was carried out to sea. -- carried out


to sea. In North Wales, Rhyl was underwater. The lifeboat crews on


the roads were offering lifts to those in need.


In Hemsby in Norfolk, Holmes crashed into the sea. Others hung


precariously to the cliff side. Last night's tidal surge was the biggest


for 60 years. Steve lost everything when his home collapsed. We stood by


the patio doors here and we could see the kitchen fold, the


floorboards of the kitchen fold up. As the tide rose last night, he


fought to save his home, helped by friends and neighbours who formed a


human chain to rescue the family's belongings. We will leave it in


storage until we get sorted. What they salvaged is being stored in a


local pub until they find a new home. In Boston in Lincolnshire,


water cascaded into the town. For many, the day was spent clearing


the mess. I spent all year saving up to replace my furniture in my


lounge, it is all ruined. At this lifeboat station, the crew recorded


the moment they were overpowered by the sea. The rescuers almost needed


rescuing from the rising tide. In Great Yarmouth, defences held.


Officials checked on the sea wall at high tide to make sure. The


Environment Agency says flood defences and advanced warning saved


up to 800,000 homes along the East Coast. In Hemsby last night, they


watched as Holmes drifted out to sea. The community is once again


bracing itself against the tide. In Hemsby they have been campaigning


for a sea wall to be built and there is anger tonight, people say they


have been left down and left unprotected. -- have been let down.


In Scotland, snow and ice could be the next challenge.


A Royal Marine filmed killing a Taliban insurgent in cold blood has


been given a life sentence with a recommendation he serves a minimum


of ten years in prison. Sergeant Alexander Blackman was convicted


last month of murdering the Afghan in Helmand Province two years ago.


You may find some of our defence correspondent Jonathan Beale's


report distressing. Sergeant Al Blackman, a Marine with


a proud career and promising future. At least until what has been called


a moment of madness. His murder of a wounded Afghan fighter. Today in


court the same military panel that has already convicted him passed


sentence, life with a minimum of ten years in jail. The judge said, you


treated that Afghan man with contempt and murdered him in cold


blood. The crime was filmed on a helmet camera worn by one of the


Marines. These are the stills from the video played in court that, for


the first time, shows Sergeant Blackman's face. He can be heard


discussing what to do with the wounded Afghan prisoner lying out of


you. Then, I should warn you, he fires the fatal shot.


Shuffle off this mortal coil, you BLEEP .


Prince Charles has visited the scene where nine


that he betrayed his uniform and tarnished the British military's


reputation. He was marched out of court for the last time after being


informed that he was being dismissed with disgrace from Her Majesty's


servers. He is very sorry for any damage caused to the Royal Marines,


and he would like to thank the public for support shown to him and


his wife. Wii REPORTER: Will he be appealing?


Yes. These images filmed around the same time by another group of


Marines nearby gives the sense of what they faced, an area of Helmand


described in court as hell on earth, a reason why this case has proved


highly controversial. A friend says it was a relentless fight against a


ruthless enemy. I have spent the last two hours with Sergeant


Blackman and his wife as they awaited sentence. At heart, he is


still a Royal Marines commando, and their main ethos is to go in the


face of adversity. He was described by his commanding officer as not a


bad man with a normal citizen tainted only by the impact of war.


There's been a warning that that balancing the UK's finances could


become more difficult, as a result of measures announced by the


Chancellor George Osborne in yesterday's autumn statement. The


Institute for Fiscal Studies has suggested there will have to be


deeper public spending cuts and said it's unclear where the money for


some of the plans will come from. Let's get more on this with our


chief economics correspondent Hugh Pym.


The high road to recovery, that is what George Osborne says is his plan


for the UK. As he visited the JCB factory in Staffordshire today, he


was keen to stress the economy was growing in the right places. In the


Autumn Statement I set out a plan for a responsible recovery. The job


is not done, I want to make sure many more jobs are being created in


places like JCB, manufacturing businesses around Britain. But on


his plans to balance the books and achieve a surplus in five years,


there were questions from a leading think tank which are cute austerity


was needed. He says he wants a surplus in 2018/19, that is a big


additional cuts in public servers spending more, possibly, social


security spending. Assuming no tax rises, the IFA says that after


public servers cut of 2.3% a year between 2011 and 2016 that will have


to be 3.7% cuts for the next three years, or ?12 billion a year of


welfare cuts by 2019. After bruising exchanges in the Commons, the Shadow


Chancellor was back in the fray. Unless we can have stronger growth


working for more people, with living standards rising, we will not be


able to get the deficit down and invest in public services. Some


economists argue that growth has been too dependent on consumer


spending, fuelled by borrowing and people running down savings, with a


genuine recovery requiring more business investment and exports.


That as Christmas approaches, Mr Osborne will feel that some growth


is better than none. -- but as Christmas approaches.


Take a look at this - the reaction of the FA chairman Greg Dyke to


England's draw in the next year's World Cup in Brazil. England will


play Uruguay, Italy and Costa Rica. It's not just the draw that's


tough, England will have to play their opening game in Manaus, the


jungle city where humidity levels exceed 80%. Our sports editor David


Bond reports from the draw in Brazil.


Welcome to the World Cup, Brazilian style. Organisers have spent


millions of pounds converting this tropical beach resort in to the


venue for today's final draw. Much of the talk in recent days has been


of the country's problems and handling such a big global event,


but as the great and good of the game arrived, a sense at last of


excited anticipation. England manager Roy Hodgson was not only


worried about who England played but where, with the risk of having to


travel vast distances across the country. So the hope was that when


1966 World Cup winner Sir Geoff Hurst drew out the crucial ball, he


might give England a lucky break. England! Oh! FHM and Greg Dyke did


not hide what he thought. -- FA chairman Greg Dyke. First they will


play Italy in the heat and humidity of the Amazon city of Manaus. They


will end with that uses match against Costa Rica, but in between


is the crucial game against Luis Suarez's Uruguay in Sao Paulo. You


don't win on paper, you don't look at games and think which ones you


will win, lose or draw, you go out on each occasion, a level against


11, the field I mentioned is the same and if you are well required


you have a chance of winning -- 11 against 11. England will return to


Brazil next summer knowing they start the World Cup as outsiders.


While the draw today was far from easy, it could have been much, much


tougher. If he was worried, Roy Hodgson was not showing it tonight.


He now has six months to find a formula which will help his England


team defied expectations. More now on our top story and the


reaction to the death of Nelson Mandela. In a rare moment of


unanimity, world leaders have paid tribute to the former South African


president. From the African nations, to China, Iran, Russia,


Europe and across Asia, he's been described as a visionary and the


greatest leader of our time. Tributes have also been paid in the


United States. Let's go live to Washington and join our North


America editor Mark Mardell. The death of no other leader has


quite evoked these sorts of reactions from around the world,


left and right, north and south, east and West. The message that has


come through was that Mandela was a healer, but he was not always seen


that way, particularly here. His own struggle inspired President Obama to


take his first steps in politics, because there are deep echoes with


his struggle in this country, which has fought its own battle against


the imposition of one race's political power on another. The flag


at the White House flies at half-mast in honour of a man who


means much to America. Inside, on the desk of the USA's


first black president, sits this photo, a memento of their first


meeting. When Obama visited the prison on Robben Island in South


Africa he told his daughters of the link between Mandela, Gandhi and


Martin Luther King, an example, he says, to the world today. We will


not likely see the likes of Nelson Mandela again. So it falls to us as


best we can to follow the example he set. To make decisions guided not by


hate but by love. To never discount the difference that one person can


make. To strive for a future that is worthy of his sacrifice.


Nelson Mandela was fated in Washington shortly after his release


from prison, but his struggle against apartheid divided the


country and he was not taken off the terrorist list until 2008. He was


welcomed as South Africa's president, warm hugs from the First


Lady who became Secretary of State, who told the BBC that people should


mourn and celebrate. We have so much still to learn from him, his


example, his understanding of how people need to be brought together.


The whole idea of truth and reconciliation, which helped to pave


the way for a new South Africa. Mandela was once labelled a


Communist by some, but Wall Street fell silent in homage this morning.


As the news broke in New York, it was perhaps in Harlem that the


tributes were most heartfelt. Mandela was fascinated by the


American struggle against white supremacy and is a hero here. We


should not mourn him, we should be happy we had somebody to walk the


face of this earth and fight for our rights. He was a man, an ordinary


man, who decided to fight for what was right. Outside the South African


embassy, flowers at the foot of the defiant statue of a man who once


evoked fierce divisions but in death is an icon of unity and forgiveness.


The anti-apartheid movement in Britain increased the pressure to


release Nelson Mandela from his long years in prison. He thanked the


British people in a visit in 1996. Razia Iqbal has been looking at his


relationship with Britain and the legacy he left behind.


From prison to president, he occupied a special place in the


heart of a nation thousands of miles from his own. From streets to


squares and statues, signposts switch underscored a connection to


the study against apartheid outside of South Africa. It is hard to


believe the place he was held in higher esteem than the London


Borough of Lambeth. It was here in Brixton, home to one of the largest


black communities, that he received a rapturous reception. For a man


whose life was transformed by the struggle, he in turn transformed the


lives of those he encountered. Allah he changed my life, he brought


Brixton together, he united us, he was a symbol of peace. Probably the


greatest man to have lived in your lifetime. A moment during morning


assembly to pray and reflect. Aged ten and 11, these children have been


told about Nelson Mandela by their headteacher. He is, like, a great he


wrote. Nobody will forget in easily, he will go on for generations. I


think he is a great inspiration, a true hero. I think everybody will be


remembering him today throughout the whole world. And I think they will


in hundreds of years to come, in fact. That is how great he really


was. His legacy is enshrined in UK scholarships for disadvantaged


students from South Africa. For this lawyer from the Eastern Cape,


history is never far from the surface. He ran with my friends to


be in the stadium -- I ran with my friends to be in the stadium where


he was giving an address. Those henries never fade. -- those


memories. The historical and cultural connections are deep. This


anthem for a generation was the centrepiece of a concert to mark


Mandela's 70th birthday. He was still in prison. His absence then,


as well as now, powerfully present. Let's talk to our Johannesburg


correspondent Nomsa Maseko, who joins me here in the studio. South


Africa is in mourning, as we have seen, but also beginning to look


ahead to what South Africa will be without Mandela? That's correct. I


am thousands of miles from home at a moment, when news broke yesterday I


felt I should have been home, but at the same time I feel this sense of


connection with what I am feeling here and people home are feeling,


and there is a determination not to let the rainbow nation that Mandela


dreamt of two died along with him. There is a determination,


particularly from the younger generation carrying the torch of


Nelson Mandela, they just society and a free and peaceful country. --


of a just society. That's all from us. In a moment on


BBC One it's time for the news where you are. We'll leave you now with


some of the extraordinary images of the life and legacy of Nelson


Mandela, the father of modern South Africa, who has died at the age of


95. There is no easy road to freedom.


None of us acting alone can achieve success. We must therefore act


together as a united people. Let there be justice for all. Let there


be peace for all. Let there be work, prior, water for all. Let each know


that, for each, the body, the mind and the soul, have been freed to


fulfil themselves. Never, never and never again shall it be that this


beautiful land will gain experience the oppression of one by another,


the sun shall never set on so glorious a human achievement.


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