17/01/2017 BBC News at Ten


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Tonight at Ten, the Prime Minister spells out her strategic goals


for taking Britain out of the European Union.


In a long-awaited speech, Mrs May says Britain will leave


the single market, seek new trade agreements and control immigration.


While I am sure a positive agreement can be reached,


I am equally clear that no deal for Britain is better


Parliament will get a vote on the final Brexit deal.


Labour says Mrs May's approach involves enormous dangers.


If all her optimism of a deal with the European Union didn't work,


we would move into a low tax corporate taxation,


And an equally unenthusiastic response at the European Parliament


It creates an illusion, the illusion that you can go out


of the single market, that you can go out of the customs


union and that you can cherry-pick, that you can


In Scotland, where voters backed Remain, the First Minister said


a second independence referendum was still on the cards.


I am not prepared for Scotland to be taken down a path that I firmly


We will have detail and reaction and be asking business


The rising price of fuel and food is a factor in driving inflation


to the highest level in two-and-a-half years.


And, Sir Simon Rattle talks to us about his plans


The Prime Minister has set out her vision for Britain's place


in the world after it leaves the European Union.


The vision rested on 12 objectives and Theresa May declared that no


deal would be better than a bad deal.


The main announcement today was that the UK would be leaving


the European single market with the aim of negotiating a free


The Prime Minister said this would deliver control over


And she said the final Brexit deal would be subject to a vote by both


Tonight we'll have the detail and the reaction and we start


with our political editor Laura Kuenssberg.


Good morning. What's the plan?


On our way out, not just out of the European Union...


Theresa May gathered ministers and ambassadors too.


To confirm finally, we will leave behind


the way the country has made its living for decades.


As a priority, we will pursue a bold and ambitious free trade agreement


This agreement should allow for the freest possible trade


in goods and services between Britain and


It should give British companies the maximum freedom to trade


with and operate within European markets, and let European businesses


But I want to be clear - what I am proposing cannot mean


Privately, ministers had talked of preserving some parts


of the special club, the market of hundreds of millions


where our businesses can buy and sell without barriers.


Remainers had pushed her, but she believes it can't be done,


because the rules of the single market come with unlimited


The message from the public, before and during the referendum


campaign, was clear - Brexit must mean control


of the number of people who come to Britain from Europe,


Our customs arrangements, how we trade over borders,


will change too, but no final decision on how.


Her clear hope, though, is that the UK will not pay billions


There may be some specific programmes in which we might


If so, and this will be for us to decide, it is reasonable


we should make an appropriate contribution, but the principle


is clear: The days of Britain making vast contributions to the EU every


27 other countries will decide if her plans are an ambitious


Yet most dramatically, if after two years of talks negotiations stall,


she and her team are willing to walk away.


Britain wants to remain a good friend and neighbour to Europe,


yet I know there are some voices calling for a punitive deal that


punishes Britain and discourages other countries from taking


Britain would not, indeed, we could not,


While I am confident that this scenario need never arise,


while I am sure a positive agreement can be reached, I am equally clear


that no deal for Britain is better than a bad deal for Britain.


But remember, the Prime Minister never wanted to leave.


During the referendum campaign, you said plainly that you believed


if we left the EU and the single market, the country,


its families and citizens, would be worse off.


Now, either you have changed your mind, or,


as Prime Minister, you have made a decision that you believe


will leave the country and its citizens poorer -


All the economic indicators have been more positive


It is only earlier this week that the IMF confirmed


we were the fastest growing economy last year.


And what I am talking about today is the country coming together


and looking for that brighter future as a global Britain.


Did the Brexit backers in the Cabinet get the upper hand?


It was an excellent speech, it was optimistic, confident,


and it set out our responsibilities in a global context.


This wasn't an inward looking, purely European speech.


It is negotiable, this is something that I think will be good for the UK


Why should they allow us to have our cake and eat it?


As the Prime Minister said, it will be good for both sides.


Do you think what she set out is achievable?


Not exactly nodding along, either, the other parties across the UK.


The political consequences of Theresa May's choices are unclear.


I think we have to have a deal that ensures we have


access to the market, that we have British jobs


dependent on that market, that is what we will be pushing for.


Whether it is specifically this form of single market, I don't know.


She seems to want to have her cake and eat it.


To wave the white flag across the Cliffs of Dover,


as Theresa May has done, and give up on what's best


for Britian is an insult and damaging to Britain's future


And don't doubt, a UK outside the single market brings


the chance for Scottish voters to choose independence closer.


I will not allow Scotland's interests to be steam rollered


Do we want to be taken down a path that we didn't vote


for and is against all of our interests or do we want to take


And that is a choice that I think Scotland has the right to make.


Parliament was told today they will get a vote on the final


deal but it is plain the Prime Minister believes


the country has delivered a clear verdict and she has made her mind


Her dilemmas now are persuading a continent what she wants


is possible and those who voted to stay in the EU that


But this is really only the start of a long process.


Concern and criticism won't fade away.


The scale of what we decided, how it will change our country


and all our lives is still fully to emerge.


Laura Kuenssberg, BBC News, Westminster.


As we've heard, one of the Prime Minister's most


significant announcements was the plan to leave the European


single market of around 500 million consumers and the plan to leave


the EU customs union, the system which allows goods


to move between countries without attracting tariffs.


Our correspondent James Landale is here with his analysis


of what that could mean for trade in future.


The single market is the beating heart of the European Union,


the trading arrangement that binds the economic club together.


Every EU country is a full member of the club.


Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Switzerland are partial members.


And they all believe that if they get rid of barriers


to trade and allow goods, services, money and workers to move


freely across their borders, then their economies will grow.


To make this happen, they agree common trading rules,


so a widget made in Greece is the same as a widget


And they set up a European Court of Justice to make sure


Supporters say the single market helps British companies flourish,


like this engineering firm in Bristol by making it


easier for them to export their goods and employ people


I think there's an obvious risk for us outside of the single market,


I think any change in the customs regime is probably going


But opponents say the single market imposes unnecessary red


tape on British firms, like this nappy manufacturer


It gives too much power to EU judges and allows in


The owner of this firm says the opportunities


I think, primarily, we can't remain part of the single market


because we want to go out and do our trade deals


with countries outside the EU and that's very exciting


So to help make that happen, Theresa May wants Britain to have


instead the greatest possible access to the single market,


particularly for British cars, lorries and financial services


and to get that, by negotiating a new free trade deal with the EU.


And what about the so-called customs union that Mrs May referred to?


This is the arrangement under which European governments impose no


tariffs or import taxes on goods traded within the EU but they do


agree to charge the same tariffs on goods being imported into any


Now the Prime Minister said she didn't want Britain to be


She wants Britain instead to be able to set its own tariffs


and negotiate its own trade deals with the rest of the world.


She said she would accept some kind of customs arrangement with the EU


And if there is no deal, British firms could end up paying


So this is what the Prime Minister wants.


All she has to do now is get the rest of the EU to agree


I have just skated over the surface of what are some


You can read a lot more in detail on the BBC news website and the BBC


reality check's assessment of how any deal might work.


Business leaders are still divided on the implications of Brexit


but most of them today seemed to welcome some new clarity


from the Prime Minister on the Government's goals.


Theresa May promised that changes to immigration,


customs and regulation would be phased in, to avoid disruption.


Some of Britain's most prominent business leaders


are at World Economic Forum in Davos, in Switzerland.


Our business correspondent Simon Jack has been


There's nothing like a bit of mountain air to give you clarity.


Business leaders gathered here in Switzerland were watching


the Prime Minister today for exactly that.


I think what we learn from the Prime Minister's speech


today was clarity first of all, really codified what many of us


had been anticipating since the referendum result,


particularly around the single market.


I think what we've also seen today is the government's willingness


to put a bit of edge into the negotiating


dynamic, and I think that makes a lot of sense.


Trade negotiations are negotiations, and you have to lay out and you have


to be pretty tough to get what you want.


For some the uncertainty is still too great.


Lloyd's of London, the insurance market, has a ready decided to move


We've still got to pursue a subsidiary in the EU


for post-Brexit world, meaning that we can still serve our


customers and policyholders in those European Union countries.


So, no ifs, no buts, no single market.


And with the continuing question mark over whether we are a partial


member of the customs union, many will say it takes


a continent to build a car and if there are hold-ups


at the border that could be bad news.


And the car industry gave MPs its version of clarity


on the consequences of not getting a good trade deal.


The cars that we import, and remember we import about 80%


of the vehicles we sell in the UK, that would add about ?2.7 billion,


Financial markets were watching closely, too.


Suddenly the pound rocketed against the dollar at the very


moment the Prime Minister offered MPs a chance to vote


Markets making one last bet that Brexit could still be derailed.


Even some of the business world staunchest Remainers weren't fooled


and are now resigned to knuckling down to the political reality.


Most businesses are trying to move forward positively,


and accepting the result of the referendum.


Trying to make sure the complexity of this is well understood


and we take the steps both in government and business to deal


with this and minimise the impacts of this very compact process.


The government shed some light on its priority, but business knows


we are still in the foothills of a massive undertaking.


The main Brexit negotiator for the European Parliament,


Guy Verhofstadt, has warned that it's an illusion


to think Britain will be allowed to keep the advantages of trade


with the European Union without accepting the obligations.


Our correspondent Damian Grammaticas has been


assessing the reaction among members of the European


He wasn't commenting, but Jean-Claude Juncker,


listening to Theresa May - keen to hear her vision for Brexit.


The response from the European Parliament's chief negotiator -


It creates also an illusion that you can go out of


the single market, that you can go out of the customs


union and that you can cherry-pick and have


And, yeah, I think that will not happen.


The EU today was busy with its own affairs,


electing a new President of the European Parliament.


Many here are sceptical the UK can get all it wants in a


We will all love to have a Europe a la carte!


It is a ridiculous idea, but this is serious, we have a lot of


countries here, a lot of people and we have


and this is not, you know, a Europe a la carte.


Outside, an Italian school group on an EU tour.


Quitting the single market and shunning its


freedom of movement will - some believe - be a painful


Something - they say - Theresa May did not address.


I expect many businesses from the UK to move to Europe.


I expect also some financial companies providing services from


So there will be some significant losses.


Theresa May hasn't mentioned a word about these


potential costs and potential losses.


As for the threat Mrs May may walk away, choosing no deal if


she isn't satisfied - that hasn't gone down well, even


No deal will also be bad for the United Kingdom.


So it it isn't as if they hold all the cards.


The United Kingdom will look after its own interests.


And here today one MEP summed up reactions to me,


saying he thought Theresa May was overselling to the British people


both what she could achieve in trade deals with other countries


and how much access she would get to the single market.


Damian Grammaticas, BBC News, Strasbourg.


The Prime Minister claimed today that she wanted to act


in the interests of all parts of the UK and said the devolved


administrations should be fully engaged in the process of Brexit.


But how was that viewed in Glasgow, Cardiff and Belfast?


Let's start with our Scotland editor Sarah Smith.


Well Nicola Sturgeon responded to Theresa May's speech today by saying


she thinks it has increased the chances that there may be a second


referendum on Scottish independence. He said the UK was heading for a


hard Brexit that could be cat catastrophic. Last year Nicola


Sturgeon presented the Prime Minister with a paper outlining how


she believes Scotland could stay in the single market. But they would


need the consent of the UK Government and Nicola Sturgeon said


she doesn't believe Theresa May is taking that seriously. So that is


why she says although a majority in Scotland according to the opinion


polls don't favour independence, nonetheless she thinks the prospect


of a second vote is now more likely. Northern Ireland is the part of UK


most exposed to fallout from Brexit, because it shares a board we are the


Irish republic. Theresa May was quick to point out there would be no


return to the borders of past and said the common travel area would be


preserved. But questions remain and one key question is this - the UK


wants to limit and control immigration from the EU. But how


would that be possible if Ireland has an open border? And if the UK


steps outside the customs union, won't that lead to a hard board


border with customs posts. Wales voted to leave, but some concerns


today, particularly in areas like manufacturing and farming, still


very strong in Wales and reliant on the EU. The First Minister has a


problem, he has called for full access to the single market, today's


announcement won't make that any easier. He knows that and that is


why he has said he thinks are going in the wrong direction and there is


the question of politic leverage, if he complains too much, people in


Westminster will say they're delivering what the people in Wales


voted for which is Brexit. Thank you.


As we've heard, the Prime Minister acknowledged that last year's


referendum campaign had been divisive, but insisted that people


We sent our correspondent Jeremy Cooke to see how those


on different sides of the argument had responded to today's speech.


Boston, an ancient English town a changing landscape. On the bus,


plenty of support for the Prime Minister's speech. The Brexit vote


here was 75%. More than one in ten people here are EU migrants. We want


that cutting definitely. What effect has it had on town? This town? It's


killed it. Is it worth paying to come out of the single market to


control immigration? I think so yes. You have got to control it. At the


Boston bodies hub it is 60s dance work out. The project is largely


EU-funded, but most here voted Brexit. Many worried about levels of


immigration. It has got too much now. We may lose trade from Europe.


What do you think about that trade off? The trade off I think will be


worth it, because Britain's big enough to take care of itself. I


think Britain could cope. Your confident? Yes it is Great Britain


and Europe needs us. Outside the agricultural heartland and many


crops being prepared today will need migrant workers to pick and to


process. Within the industry we need labour and without it we will


starve. What would you say to Theresa May in terms of what you


need as an industry? I hope she will allow labour to be filled in the


farming industry. These works are essential? Yes. They are absolutely


essential. An hour's drive and we are on the the banks of the Trent.


Here they voted 57% to remain in the EU. At this cafe, a different view


of the speech. I voted remain. And I was quite surprised by the outcome


of the vote, but Theresa May has outlined what the country voted for,


which is Brexit. And I think we need clear leadership to make sure that


is what happens. S s. Not everyone is as relaxed. We don't realise how


bad it is. Do you think we are clearer about what Brexit means? No.


No I don't. Her message was the same - Brexit means Brexit. But we still


don't really know... What it means! For the Prime Minister then, Brexit


remains the greatest of political challenges. In this still divided


nation. Our political editor


Laura Kuenssberg is at Westminster. More clarity on the goals, but


surely all of these are still just aspirations until the talks take


place? Yes, we didn't get chapter and verse on what our new


immigration system will look like outside the EU. Theresa May said she


still had an open mind over how we deal with customs and trade over the


borders. So there is a lot still to be decided and argued over over a


process that will take years, not months. But the bold, brush strokes


were there, explicitly for the first time. And it is a reminder to those


who see Theresa May as being caution and mistake that for being meek. But


the real rub is whether or not she is being hopelessly optimistic. Is


this all a delusion, or is she being clear ahead of a complicated dip low


mattedic dance -- diplomatic dance. But that will be a process of


negotiation with 27 other countries. We are outnumbered in the


negotiations and there is scepticism around the continent over whether


what she has promised is remotely achievable and it is a process of


negotiation, slow negotiation, that will come to that judgmentment and


David Cameron was forced to go after a European negotiation that went


wrong for him. Not long ago he quit just on that spot there. Although so


much has happened since then, it is only about six months ago, the


memory of that somehow hangs heavy in this street tonight. Thank you.


Let's turn some of the day's other news.


The annual rate of inflation - measured by the Consumer Prices


Index - rose more than expected in December to its highest level


driven in part by the fall in the value of sterling


after the Brexit vote, as well a rise in air fares


Our Economics Correspondent Andrew Verity has been


This haulier based near Heathrow Airport is facing sharply


Fuel had been falling in price, but on today's inflation


The company can absorb that cost but not forever.


If the cost of the fuel starts to bite, eventually we will


have to put a fuel surcharge in like everybody else in this


industry once we go past a certain level, because


we cannot afford to keep those costs in house.


The effect of the weaker pound is most obvious up the supply


chain, where raw materials, most of them imported,


So far producers haven't been passing most of that on, with


Only now is that starting to feed through to shop prices, up 1.6%.


The bigger move from the sterling effect


is still to come, because contracts have to be renewed, that is where we


think inflation moves up much further from the 1.6% we have seen


Today, the weak pound started to hit smart phone


users where it really hurts - in the apps.


Apple announced it was raising the cost of apps costing 79


From Apple's point of view, what money it makes here in pounds


has to be translated back into dollars and


right now that means it is getting fewer dollars than it did, so it has


Food prices are still lower than they


were a year ago and competition between retailers is preventing


them from raising the prices of most goods.


But the upward pressure on costs is likely do build.


Expect higher inflation in the months to come.


A brief look at some of the day's other other news stories.


President Obama has commuted the sentence of Chelsea Manning,


who was found guilty of leaking US army documents and is serving


The White House says Chelsea Manning - who served as a soldier in Iraq


and was formerly known as Bradley Manning -


The Supreme Court has cleared the way for a Libyan man


to take legal action against the Government,


Abdel-Hakim Belhaj says MI6 provided information that enabled the US


to abduct him and his wife in Asia and their rendition to Tripoli.


Mr Belhaj intends to sue the former Foreign Secretary, Jack Straw,


who was responsible for MI6 at the time.


Concerns about security at a Tunisian resort where 30


Britons were killed by an Islamist gunman were raised months before


The inquest has heard that a report in January 2015 for the UK


Government suggested there was a low standard of protection at some hotel


President Putin has dismissed allegations that Russia had gathered


compromising material on US president-elect Donald Trump


The Russian President said the leaked information,


which appeared last week in the US media, was obviously fake.


One of Donald Trump's closest advisers has told the BBC


that the United States would win any trade war with China.


Anthony Scaramucci has warned that retaliation over tariffs will hurt


China's President spoke today about the benefits


of globalisation, saying protectionism was 'like


The speech was delivered at the World Economic Forum in Davos.


our economics editor Kamal Ahmed is there.


With those remarks, do you think the prospect comes closer of some kind


of trade war between China and the United States? Well, the president


of China made it clear he didn't want a trade war and didn't believe


anyone would win if there was a trade war between China and America.


It is minus 17 degrees here in Davos tonight and it looks like the


US/Chinese relationship is about as chilly as that. We had a remarkable


through the looking glass moment today, the leader of the largest


communist party in the world coming to the home of capitalism, the World


Economic Forum, extolling the virtues of free trade as Donald


Trump said he wants to rip up free trade. The China president is


playing a clever game, as America turns inward he think hs deextend


the influence of China -- he can extend the influence of China. He


said he didn't want a trade war, but his tough words today felt like he


might be preparing for one. Thank you.


Sir Simon Rattle - the new music director


of the London Symphony Orchestra - says he'll start his first


season in September with a 10-day celebration,


including an all-British line-up of composers


Sir Simon - who is currently the artistic director


of the Berlin Philharmonic - has been speaking to our Arts


The London Symphony Orchestra in rehearsal of of a new work by the


British composer, Mark Anthony Turnage,


with Simon Rattle - soon to be


their new boss - taking them through their paces.


For the next year he will continue in his role at the Berlin


Philharmonic, while also being music director of the LSO and the front


man of the fund-raising campaign for a new concert hall for London.


How important is it to you that concert


It was one of the things I first asked the orchestra


We all know this is an if, not necessarily a when.


It will mean if it happens an enormous amount of


He's described the orchestra's current home at the Barbican


Centre at merely serviceable and said that that 20%


of the the LSO's potential repertoire can't


For all the strengths of the Barbican, that also


Limitations of size among other things.


But also of sight lines of theatrical possibilities.


Simon Rattle made his name with the City


of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, now under the direction


of Mirga Grazinyte-Tyla, who is operating under


One of your great loves has been cut quite hard.


No, I mean it's, this is a terrible thing.


At the time where the orchestra is on such a high, they


have appointed Mirga, who is a simply wonderful conductor,


another very charismatic personality.


At what point do these sort of cuts start to


have a real effect on the the orchestra to perform.


He says he will do his best to help - adding another job


to a lengthening to do list for his return to Britain in September.


Here on BBC One it's time for the news where you are.


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