26/01/2017 BBC News at Ten


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 26/01/2017. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!



Theresa May touches down in the United States -


Before their meeting - the president's first


with a foreign leader - Mrs May addresses


She signals a change in UK foreign policy -


with clear echoes of that of Mr Trump.


The days of Britain and America intervening in sovereign countries


in an attempt to remake the world in our own image are over.


Stepping down for the first time from Air Force One,


President Trump looks ahead to his meeting with Mrs May.


I am meeting with her tomorrow, I don't have my secretary there,


they want to talk trade, so I will have to handle it myself.


But Mr Trump's comments approving of torture may prove something


of a stumbling block among the diplomatic niceties.


No post-Brexit slowdown, as the UK economy grows


Prison suicides at record levels in England and Wales -


and a huge increase in attacks on staff.


It is like a soldier on a battlefield, you don't know


On top of that, you have got the fear, am I going


The Brexit bill is published, causing tension within Labour,


which tells its MPs - you must vote for it.


And one of the leading contemporary art prizes in the world -


won tonight by a British artist and film-maker.


And coming up in Sportsday on BBC News: Manchester United went behind


Theresa May has arrived in America at the start of a trip


which she hopes will pave the way for a post-Brexit trade deal


She'll be the first foreign leader to hold talks with Donald Trump,


when she meets the new president at the White House tomorrow.


This evening, she addressed a Republican conference


in Philadelphia, in a speech where she sought to find common


But the Prime Minister's bid to launch a new era


of co-operation with America risked being overshadowed -


by a row about President Trump's support for torture,


Our political editor Laura Kuenssberg is travelling


with Theresa May and has just sent this report.


Opposites attract. Theresa May's hope. But how close does she want to


get to him? The Prime Minister made a quieter arrival, making her way


down the windy steps in Philadelphia. Her convoy speeding


towards her debut in Trump land, here to make friends. No hate, no


fear. A reminder right outside the 5-star hotel where they were both to


speak, Donald Trump has many enemies as well. The Prime Minister's warm


up tax was the president himself. Is he ready for her? I'm meeting with


the Prime Minister tomorrow, as you know. Great Britain. I'm meeting


with her tomorrow. I don't have my secretary, they want to talk trade,


so I'll have to handle it myself. LAUGHTER


Which is OK. Then it was her turn, with, as you would expect, fulsome


reference to the French -- friendship across the Atlantic. It


has been America's destiny to bear the leadership of the free world and


to carry that heavy responsibility on its shoulders, but my country,


the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, has been proud


to share that burden and to walk alongside you at every stage.




But this is much more than a meet and greet. Theresa May came with a


serious message for Republicans and the World Cup. Under her leadership,


no more Western conflicts like Iraq, or Afghanistan, she suggested. This


cannot mean a return to the failed policies of the past. The days of


Britain and America intervening in sovereign countries in an attempt to


remake the world in our own image are over, but nor can we afford to


stand idly by, when the threat is real and when it is in our own


interests to intervene. We must be strong, smart and hard-headed, and


we must demonstrate the resolve necessary to stand up for our


interests. And a warning perhaps directed at the president over an


assertive Russia. When it comes to Russia, as so often it is wise to


turn to the example of President Reagan, who, during his negotiations


with his opposite number Mikhail Gorbachev, used to abide by the


adage, trust, but verify. With... APPLAUSE


With President Putin, my advice is to engage, but beware. Noticeable as


well, her praise for the Republicans, and President Trump's


controversial win. Because of what you have done together, because of


that great victory you have won, America can be stronger, greater and


more confident in the years ahead. Even before she touched down though,


Theresa May had a taste of how much political trouble closeness to


President Trump could cause. Number Ten believes the risk is worth it,


because there's a big opportunity as well, but this new friendship could


cause fireworks. Every time Donald Trump's speaks his mind. Suggesting


torture, banned under British and international law, works. I want to


do everything within the bounds of what you're allowed to do legally,


but do I feel it works? Absolutely I feel it works. Prime Minister was


adamant Britain won't change its laws and signalled we might stop


sharing intelligence with America if torture was brought back. Here among


the Republican top brass, the unlikely -- the idea is unlikely to


fly. The deep-seated policy in American culture is not to torture.


So Theresa May is right and President Trump is wrong? I didn't


say that. Just one of many awkward subjects the PM and president could


discuss tomorrow, a test, even in politics true friends tell the truth


to one another, not merely platitudes, or what they want to


hear. Laura in Philadelphia, Theresa May clearly trying to set the tone


of the relationship she would like the UK to have with Donald Trump.


That's right, in the city where American revolutionaries at the time


through off their attachment to the UK and declared independence,


Theresa May came here with much more than brought warm words about the


importance of our traditions and shared history. She came signalling


for example a clean break with failed, as she suggested, foreign


policy of the past, interventions that America and Britain had been


involved in clearly signalling what had happened in Iraq and perhaps


Afghanistan, where American presidents had taken British prime


ministers into conflicts that had worked out badly, very interesting


that she used this big, major appearance here to signal such as


shift. But more broadly, how does the self-described hard-working


vicar's door to reconcile herself to work with the reality TV star


billionaire president? The answer from this speech was, with great


care and calibration. There were subtle criticisms, warnings for


example one Russia, but for example on Nato, where President Trump has


expressed doubts, she said she shared some of those doubts but


insisted Britain and America must continue to work hard, to make sure


that Nato still really matters. As ever with Theresa May, no single


word was wasted. Everything was in there, carefully put there, with


meaning behind it. But tomorrow, she is off to the White House and the


talks will turn to trade. The audience here, Republican in


Philadelphia, is needed -- is the audience to be friends with


President Trump than it is back home in Downing Street is well aware this


relationship is extremely important, but they also know how controversial


it could be. It's not so much that she's trying to walk a fine line,


it's more like she's having to tiptoe across a tight rope across


the whole of the Grand Canyon. Laura in Philadelphia, thank you. Our


diplomatic correspondent James Robbins is with me. You were


listening to Mrs May's speech in Philadelphia. One thing that stood


out was what she appears to be signalling, a change in UK foreign


policy. This is a hugely significant speech. Arguably the biggest by a


British Prime Minister in the United States since Tony Blair's in Chicago


in 1999, when he first, openly advocated armed intervention is


against dictators, and of course that was repudiated by Theresa May


this evening. As if to underscore the failure of current British


policy, the Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson earlier on today told a


committee of the House of Lords that, now the policy in Britain had


changed, and that President Assad should be permitted to run for


election, as part of a democratic resolution of the Syrian civil war.


That's a complete reversal of British foreign policy. Boris


Johnson himself called it, a complete flip-flop, but he said, the


UK had been unable at any stage to fulfil its mantra that the Syrian


president should go. Now, by Boris Johnson saying it, it meant Theresa


May didn't have to, but those are pretty painful words to have to


utter. There is more in the Prime Minister's speech that we've been


listening to. She is challenging Donald Trump, particularly over Nato


and the UN, and the -- I think she's signalling it will be a bumpy


special relationship. Meanwhile, President Trump had


other things in his mind Relations between the US and Mexico


have soured still further. Following a tweet from Mr Trump


suggesting their meeting next week should be scrapped,


the Mexican president The row centres on President Trump's


plans to build a wall along the Mexican border,


and his repeated insistence that Our North America correspondent


Nick Bryant reports. Donald Trump's new executive toy.


Its first ride today on Air Force One, that potent symbol of US


presidential power. But it was the cancelled travel plans of the


Mexican president that were wrapped the centre of a diplomatic storm.


His plane will stay grounded after a summit between the two leaders


scheduled for Washington next week was abruptly called off. This


Mexican stand-off is over the great totem of the Trump presidency, the


wall he is determined not just to build along the border, but also to


get Mexico to pay for. But in an angry speech last night, the


country's president, Enrique Pena Nieto, said he wouldn't foot the


bill. So shortly before leaving the Oval Office this morning, Donald


Trump decided to conduct his diplomacy by Tweet. If Mexico is


unwilling to pay for the badly needed wall, then it would be better


to cancel the upcoming meeting. By the time he spoke in Philadelphia,


the Mexicans had announced the summit was off, and that earned a


public scolding from President Trump. The president of Mexico and


myself have agreed to cancel our planned meeting scheduled for next


week, unless Mexico is going to treat the United States fairly, with


respect, such a meeting would be fruitless and I want to go a


different route. Almost a week into his term in office it's already


becoming clear that Donald Trump is changing the presidency more than


the presidency is changing him. On prime-time TV last night, the former


property tycoon gave a tour of the country's most prized piece of real


estate and it was vintage Donald Trump. I don't want to change too


much. I can be the most presidential ever, other than possibly the great


Abraham Lincoln, all right? But I can be the most presidential person.


He's still obsessed with the crowd size that his inauguration. But in a


new interview with Fox News, he turned his attention to the group


calling itself Islamic State, saying its fighters were thick and


demented. The people we are going against, they don't wear uniforms,


they are sneaky, dirty rats. And they blow people up in a shopping


centre. And they blow people up in a church. These are bad people. The


presidency is travelling at a hurtling pace. The late-breaking


news tonight, that is now calling for a 20% tax on Mexican imports to


pay for the wall. Donald Trump is clearly revelling in his seat of


power, whether it's in the Oval Office, or at 30,000 feet.


Beautiful, great plane. Nick Bryant, BBC News, Washington. Let's talk to


our North American auditor Jon Sopel, at the White House. It's


difficult to keep up with events. There's the tax with Mexico,


executive orders, he's picking fights with Mexico. There are the


announcements that they have anticipated and planned for, and


there's what they call in the White House, stray voltage, where things


haven't gone quite exactly to plan, and there's been a lot of that


today. You've had the top team at the State Department, civil servants


resigning en masse, you've had all manner of other things as well, the


row over torture with the Republican leadership distancing themselves


from him, you've had the concern over him signing an executive order


looking into electoral fraud, even though the evidence is very scant on


that, and indeed, so much so that apparently one of the reasons Donald


Trump believes that, he was told it was so by the German golfer Bernhard


Langer. These are some of the things that are moving Donald Trump in a


certain direction. On top of that we've had the Mexican president


announcing that he's not going to come to Washington after all. There


seem to be limits on Twitter diplomacy. Let's talk about the


meeting with Theresa May tomorrow. What reception is she likely to get


there? I think she's going to get a very warm reception. I thought what


was notable about her speech was how loudly she proclaimed her closeness


and was very subtle about the differences, as Laura was saying,


that she has with this administration. But this is all


about trade, and getting a deal, if and when Britain leads the single


market, which seems to becoming more and more certain. The thing you have


to ask is, who needs that trade deal more? Donald Trump, or Theresa May?


Theresa May is clearly the answer to that question, which means she's


going to have to tread very carefully with Donald Trump, who may


be offering her all sorts of nice things, but there may be trapped in


there as well. Jon Sopel at the White House, thank you.


Here in the UK, Strong consumer spending helped the economy grow


faster than expected at the end of last year.


Figures show it grew by 0.6% in the October to December period.


It means the British economy expanded by two per cent last year,


confounding predictions from some economists that there would be


an immediate slowdown after the Brexit vote.


The Chancellor Philip Hammond said the figures show


the economy is robust, but warned there could be a period


of uncertainty ahead, as our economics editor


It was Napoleon who famously and sarcastically called us


a nation of shopkeepers, and the Government will be pleased


today the UK economy is still one based on consumers


Britain's services sector, 80% of the economy, was the reason


For shoppers in Reading, it was good business as usual.


A lot of people thought that the referendum and the vote


to leave the EU would mean consumers might be nervous, "What does


the future hold?," and would stop spending.


No, I haven't seen any difference personally.


I think consumer spending will maintain itself and, long-term,


I think we are in a terribly unstable situation, I really do.


We have got nothing that is filling us with confidence.


They drove a myriad of warnings before the referendum.


There would be a hit to the value of people's homes,


Material slowdown in growth, notable increase in inflation.


Higher prices, less growth means less jobs, so higher unemployment.


We are indeed a nation of shoppers and, frankly,


those gloomy predictions before the referendum haven't come to pass.


Consumer confidence is still strong, business confidence is still strong,


but with inflation rising and Britain actually still to start


the process of leaving the EU, which of course we haven't done yet,


The Chancellor meeting apprentices at Microsoft, near Reading,


a company that is investing in the UK.


I met him later and asked him about the Bank of England


forecast which said growth could slow next year.


Is this economic pain cancelled or is it delayed?


What the figures today show is that the UK economy continues


to be resilient and continues to confound the sceptics.


Of course, we recognise that as we go into this period


of negotiation with the EU, and as we absorb the impact


of the depreciation of sterling last year, there will be more uncertainty


ahead during the course of this year.


British-built cars off to the continent today,


a mark of optimism, as production reached a 17-year high


There is still, though, the Brexit shadow.


We are getting comments from a number of our members saying


they are sitting on their hands, waiting to see what the future


will hold, and looking for greater certainty about future


relationships, especially with Europe.


Britain's growth last year was the highest of any


Are we still waiting for the full Brexit effect?


The Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn says his MPs will face a three-line


whip compelling them to vote to trigger Article 50, allowing


That's prompted one shadow minister to quit the front bench in protest.


A two-line bill on the issue entered the Commons today,


Our Deputy Political Editor John Pienaar


John, first of all, what's in the bill, and will it


Yes, Theresa May hoped to get Brexit started without getting an OK from


Parliament, the Supreme Court said we need this. You could write it on


the back of an envelope and have room to spare, it gives her


authority to get the negotiations to leave going, and take it from there.


It will pass comfortably, by the look of things, because most MPs


have decided they cannot defy the referendum, and Jeremy Corbyn has


told his MPs they can try to influence the outcome, but they


cannot stop Brexit. How cookie is it for Jeremy Corbyn? It is difficult


for Labour. The Tories were always the party with a running schism over


Europe, and now it is Labour's term, because their MPs come from areas


that voted to leave. He has persuaded some of these unhappy


ministers to go along with this, but one of them has resigned. Others


will vote against it. He will have to decide whether to sack them. It


leaves Labour split on tactics and policy, and ministers confident of


getting at least to the starting line of this marathon over an


obstacle course towards Brexit. There's been a record rise


in suicides, assaults and self-harm inside prisons in England and Wales,


and the latest figures are a stark reminder of the crisis


in the penal system. There were 354 deaths


in prison custody last year. Nearly 6,500 staff were assaulted


in the year to last September. And incidents of self-harm are up


by nearly a quarter. Our Home Affairs


Correspondent June Kelly has been speaking to one prison officer


about life inside the prison walls. Life in our jails is getting worse,


for staff and prisoners. The rise in assaults, suicides


and self-harming is relentless. The sense of crisis in the system


was underlined by a riot in Birmingham prison,


where inmates posed Just one of a string of jail


disturbances in recent months. Amid the volatile atmosphere,


today's figures show that in the past year a record number


of prisoners have It's very hard when you've got


members of your family who... Sarah is a long-serving


prison officer, whose She describes having to deal


with a teenage suicide. A self-inflicted death


is an horrific experience. You feel, is there something


more I could have done? I came on duty, and I went


to perform a roll check. I lifted the flap, and this young


man was suspended in his cell. We lay him on the bed, and I saw


a note to his sister on the side, and I saw it was his birthday,


and I thought, what a waste. Just describe the thoughts in your


head as you're going into work. When you open a door,


you don't know what you're I've had everything from urine,


faeces, televisions thrown at me. Prisons are awash with drugs


and psychoactive substances All adding to the underlying


problems of staff shortages Vulnerable prisoners are suffering


in the increasingly-threatening I'm very clear that the levels


of violence in our prisons are too high, and the levels of self harm


are too high. Since I became Justice Secretary,


I've focused on dealing That's why we're investing


an extra ?100 million. 2,500 extra prison officers across


the estate, so that we are able to have a caseload of one prison


officer for every six prisoners. But Sarah says the challenge


is not recruiting staff, It's like a soldier


on a battlefield. You don't know what you're


going to be faced with. And on top of that,


you've got the fear. "Am I going to make


it home tonight?" I've never been in fear


of my life until now, and we just don't get paid enough


to have that fear every day. And there's a lot more detail


about the pressures on the prison You can find it


at bbc.co.uk/prisons. Tam Dalyell, the former Labour


MP for West Lothian, He'll be remembered for his


persistent questioning of Margaret Thatcher over


the sinking of the General Belgrano during the Falklands War and his


campaigning against other conflicts. His family said he had


devoted his life to public service. Tomorrow is Holocaust Memorial Day,


marking the anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz


at the end of the Second World War. Commemorations are being held


there to remember the six million Jews and others that were murdered


by the Nazis. Our special correspondent


Allan Little has been to Auschwitz and met one woman


who survived her time 72 years ago this week,


Soviet troops entered Auschwitz. This was not the only extermination


camp in Nazi-occupied Europe. But it was where the evidence


was best preserved of the crime that On this railway platform,


Nazi officers separated those chosen to live and work from those sent


immediately to die. These pictures showed


Jews transported here Susan Pollock, 13,


was chosen to live. There were no hugs


or kisses or embrace. The dehumanisation


started immediately. It was just as if I had


lost all my feelings. These railway lines extended


to almost every corner of Europe, and to the active collaboration


of Norwegian civil servants, French police, Polish train drivers,


Ukrainian paramilitaries. When it was over, a great public


silence descended on Europe. After the war, the nations


of Europe were so preoccupied by their own victimhood


that they did not pay much attention to the uniqueness


of what had happened here. The Jews who survived found


that the world beyond these perimeter fences did not


want to hear their stories. It was only really in the 1960s,


nearly 20 years after the liberation of Auschwitz, that popular


consciousness began to confront what Europe collectively


had done to its Jews. International law


changed immediately. At the postwar Nuremberg trials,


two new crimes entered the judicial lexicon for the first time,


crimes against humanity Before 1945, if a state wished


to kill half its population, there was no rule of international


law that said you could not do that. The change that occurred,


as we know sadly, has not prevented horrors from taking place,


but it does mean that when horrors occur, there is now at least


an objective standard which says to governments that as a matter


of international law you cannot It took half a century


for those powers to be used. But dozens have been convicted


and jailed by international courts for genocide and crimes


against humanity in Bosnia, The internet is full of claims


that the destruction But the testimony of


survivors is a warning We are not talking about barbarians,


primitive society. The Germans were advanced,


educated, progressive, Maybe the civilisation


is just a veneer. I think we all need to be very


careful about any hate propaganda, because it has got the potential


to erupt, and then it is It's considered to be one


of the leading international prizes Held every two years,


Artes Mundi was founded in 2002. And within the past hour the winner


of the ?40,000 prize has been The celebrated British artist


and filmmaker John Akomfrah Here is the winner of


the 2017 Artes Mundi. It is a film, but not


of the Oscar-winning variety. It's more a series of vignettes,


reflecting on the harrowing nature It's by the Ghanaian-born,


London-based artist John Akomfrah, whose own family were forced to flee


persecution, and like millions today, experienced what it can feel


like to move to another country. Imagine this, if you're


a child of migrants, you sort of live with this,


and if you've lived for as long as I have,


you've heard this for awhile. I remember this


conversation in the '60s. Conversations about whether or not


there were too many of you here, It's such a tragic topic and then,


when you pull it into art, you give I don't always do things


which are beautiful. But, I mean, I don't shun it just


because the subject's tough. In fact, that's the reason


why you bring to bear certain formal questions,


to think about ways in which you can make something which feels


to people outside of it like, "I wouldn't touch that,


I wouldn't watch that," as a sort of prelude,


as a kind of an invitation. Other artists taking part


in the prize include the French-Algerian Neil Beloufa


and American Amy Franceschini. Among the judges was a curator


deemed by one publication to be the most-powerful person


in the art world. Where, I asked, does she think this


prize fits into a landscape already I think Artes Mundi is very


important for the UK, because the awards you have


in the UK are national. It's for British artists,


or British-based artists, so what the UK didn't really have


in a very eminent way So I think it fills


a gap, an important gap. The judges said they awarded


the prize to John Akomfrah for the way in which his work


explores migration, To speak of these things


at this moment, they said, Newsnight is getting


underway over on BBC Two. Tonight, Theresa May is in the US,


getting ready to forge a new relationship with the leader


of the free world, so does she put trade first and leave


the ticking off until later? And we revisit Trainspotting on the


eve of the long-awaited sequel. Here on BBC One it's time


for the news where you are.


Download Subtitles