25/01/2017 BBC News at Ten


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Tonight at Ten we have a special report on the marked


Last year, a knife or blade was used in a crime every 16 minutes


We report from the streets of Liverpool.


New information from police shows there were more than 2,000 victims


of knife crime last year aged 18 or younger.


Also tonight, planning is already underway for a wall


President Trump says construction could start within months.


Beginning today the United States of America gets back


News tonight that RBS - mostly owned by the taxpayer -


is to set aside another $4 billion to pay fines


Usain Bolt is to hand back one of his Olympic gold medals


because a team-mate tested positive for a banned substance.


And the woman in charge of British Vogue is to step down


after 25 years at the heart of the fashion industry.


And coming up in Sportsday on BBC News, will Liverpool make it


to their second Wembley final in two years?


They're playing Southampton in the second leg of


We start tonight with a special report on the marked


An investigation for BBC News at Ten has found that, last year,


a knife or blade was used in a crime every 16 minutes


The number of incidents involving machetes has risen by over 60%


The information was provided by police forces in England and Wales.


And records show there were at least 2,300 victims of knife crime last


year aged 18 or younger, a rise of 45% over three years


Our special correspondent Ed Thomas, cameraman Phil Edwards and producer


Noel Titheradge have produced this extended report.


A warning that it does contain some explicit images.


I'm not going to run and lose my respect.


They chased him into that alleyway, and I just seen them stab him.


Turned our lives upside down, and it's the ripple effect.


Five years' time, I could be in jail, I could be dead.


I could be the biggest drug dealer in Liverpool,


you never know, do you, till it happens?


But this story could be told in many cities.


It's one of knives, fear and wasted lives.


Starts from, you know, selling a bit of weed,


That looks a bit more than self-defence to me.


This man, in his 20s, says he sells drugs and won't leave


We're all disturbed, because we're all the same.


We all grow up to be the same, no-one breaks the cycle.


It's hard around here, the cycle never breaks.


For these teenagers, this is how the cycle begins.


It happens early, from when you go to school,


The next thing you know, you end up getting stabbed or something.


You have to have a blade, because people around


Do you know what would happen if the police caught you with that?


And do you know what would happen to you?


On Merseyside, knife crime has risen by a quarter since 2012.


Since then, across England and Wales, at least 7800 victims


I have had to stab a couple of kids, because they've been chatting sort


And what damage happened to those kids?


So they wake up and think, you know what it is,


I'm not going to say that no more, look what that caused me,


This is completely wrong, this is unacceptable.


I know my karma is probably to catch me one day.


I could never walk the streets, right here, right now,


without having flashbacks, memories of some sort.


At just 16 she was groomed by a Liverpool gang.


She faced knives, guns, beatings and sexual abuse.


One of my boyfriend at the time's friends pulled up on me, in the car.


He went to the park and proceeded to lock the doors of the car.


At that instant, I knew that I weren't going to see


He proceeded to tell me to take my knickers down,


or I was getting it, right here, right then.


What this gang do to you and your life?


I basically have to fight myself, every day's a battle


in my head to try to get through what I've gone through.


And the consequences of the violence echo across this


You've got kids who won't go in to the next street,


and I mean literally the next street, because they're scared


Here, they work with children from the age of five,


educating kids about street violence that they believe is mostly


Doesn't even make the news no more in Liverpool.


But we know about it, we get to find out all of the stuff on the streets.


We know what's happened, and it's a lot, lot more


What those stats do tell us is that, on average, every 16 minutes a knife


or blade is used in crime across the UK.


In Liverpool, trauma nurse Rob Jackson treats the victims.


We've had people having their hands hacked off for ?70 cannabis bills.


Seen people's faces hacked to bits, we've seen people


who had their guts, basically, split open.


His pictures are shown in schools, a warning


It doesn't have to be five or six stab puncture wounds,


it can be done to one single wound, that can be enough to kill somebody.


My son, Joseph, was stabbed to death at a youth centre he'd gone along


to to watch his friends do a band practice.


Joseph Lappin was 16 when he was stabbed once,


I was just starting to see glimpses of the man


All that stopped the day that this lad decided to go out with a knife.


Since Joseph's death, more than 1400 people have been


stabbed and killed with a knife across England and Wales.


How many more young lives are waiting to be devastated?


It's the way it is, we failed a long time ago.


Merseyside Police declined to be interviewed for this report,


but told us knife crime was a national issue


That special report from Liverpool by Ed Thomas on the marked


increase in knife crime over the past three years.


President Trump is signing more executive orders.


He says today is his big day on security and he's confirmed that


he's taking action on one of his most prominent campaign


promises, to build a wall along the US border with Mexico.


Tonight Mr Trump said he expected construction to start


within months and that planning was already underway.


Donald Trump signature's pledge is now one step closer to reality,


with a stroke of his pen, the new President ordered


the construction of a great wall on the Mexican border.


It would begin, he said, within months.


A nation without borders is not a nation.


Beginning today, the United States of America gets back


The criminals and the drug deals and gangs and gang


The day is over when they can stay in our country and wreck havoc.


Strengthening and extending the existing barrier on this frontier


Mr Trump has always insisted that Mexico will pay, but Mexico say


it won't and the President now admits American taxpayers


Ultimately, it will come out of what's happening with Mexico.


We're going to be starting those negotiations relatively soon


and we will be in a form reimbursed by Mexico.


So the American taxpayer will pay for the wall at first?


All it is is, we'll be reimbursed at a later date.


about the impact on trade and sceptical about


The problem is that the majority of Americans are not really familiar


consequently the idea of a wall seems to be appealing.


We call it the Tortilla Curtain, but the truth of the matter is that,


This fence at the Pacific Ocean is the very start of the land border


between Mexico and the United States and President Trump has


always said he wants to build a much taller,


a much better, much bigger wall, stretching


all the way from here, nearly 2,000 miles to Texas.


But even in liberal California there's backing


for President Trump's hardline on immigration, not least


from these supporters who call themselves the Trumpettes.


You know I always say my scripture is, "I sought for a


I was reading that the other day and it just stuck


out in my spirit because we need protection, and I pray for America


and I pray that God will shore up the border of our nation.


As well as the wall, President Trump is


promising to deport immigrants who commit


crimes, to cut funding to states like California which refuse


to arrest most illegal aliens and to hire 10,000 more


His actions are bold, sweeping and intensely divisive.


James Cook, BBC News, on the US-Mexico border.


Our North America editor, Jon Sopel, is at the White House.


The President promised a big day on security, but it has gone way beyond


that? Way beyond that. He has been talking about much wider issues.


Talking about some enhanced interrogation techniques that may be


appropriate to be used either CIA when questioning terrorists in


future. He was asked in that interview, do you think that water


boarding works? He said, I want to do Everything within the bounds of


what you are allowed to do legally, but do I feel it works? Absolutely I


feel it works. He talked about the need to fight fire with fire. He


said he would leave it to his Defence Secretary and CIA chief. The


CIA chief has been more sympathetic towards it. The Defence Secretary


said, you know what would be more effective? Give me a packet of


cigarettes and two bottles of beer and the person I am interrogating is


likely to respond better to that. There is also a document


circulating, which looks like a draft executive order, which talks


about all of those things that seemed to belong to a different


political era, enhanced interrogation, water boarding, all


of the things that were from the Bosch era... George Bush era war on


terror seemed to be considered again.


The Prime Minister has decided she is prepared to publish a more


detailed Government paper on the strategy for Brexit.


Theresa May said she recognised there was an appetite


for a White Paper after number of Conservative MPs


joined Labour in asking for a paper to be published.


The Supreme Court ruled yesterday that Mrs May could not


begin the Brexit process without parliament's approval.


Our deputy political editor John Pienaar reports.


A once dominant PM out on his ear when Britain chose Brexit.


David Cameron's doing charity work now, today visiting


REPORTER: Are you worried about defeat Prime Minister?


Now, his successor's got her hands full with


And today, Theresa May kept a half step ahead of her critics.


She'd outlined her Brexit game plan in a big speech,


And as the time came for questions...


She'd held off promising MPs a policy paper, but now...


I can confirm to the House that our plan will be set


out in a White Paper, published in this House.


Could we know when this White Paper is going to be available to us?


Will they withdraw the threats to destroy the social structure


of this country by turning us into the bargain basement


But the Prime Minister's kept the initiative and the Brexit paper


is unlikely to tell MPs more than they know now.


It was an easy concession for Theresa May to make,


but Tory MPs, worried about Brexit, welcomed it.


She's also keen to appear ahead of the game when she visits


Donald Trump in the White House later this week.


And she told MPs she won't duck policy differences.


I am not afraid to speak frankly to a President of the United States.


I'm able to do that because we have that special relationship.


MPs queued to offer issues where she could take


He must abide by and not withdraw from the Paris


President Trump has repeatedly said that he will bring back torture


When she sees him on Friday, will the Prime Minister make clear


that in no circumstances will she permit Britain


to be dragged into facilitating that torture?


Will the Prime Minister tell President Trump that she is not


prepared to lower our food and safety standards or to open


Her answer, she and her Government would stand their ground.


We will put UK interests and UK values first.


Another former Prime Minister's been in Brussels, Tony Blair knows


getting close to the White House at the wrong time can end badly.


MPs on all sides are anxious Theresa May remembers that lesson.


There's news tonight that Royal Bank of Scotland,


which is mostly owned by the taxpayer, is to set aside


another $4 billion to pay fines for mis-selling.


Our business editor, Simon Jack, is here with more details.


What can you tell us, Simon? It's another massive body blow for RBS.


They have been setting aside in the kitty to pay this monster fine for


its role in selling risky mortgages. That kitty is now at $10 billion if


you add in this 4 billion. This will put RBS in a bigger loss in 2016.


The ninth year in a row that RBS has lost money. I should say this was


not unexpected. Nor is it final. The final bill may be much higher than


$10 billion. RBS had hoped to settle all of this at the beginning of this


month, before the new administration comes in. It remains to be seen


whether the new administration is more or less lenient on foreign


banks which have caused misconduct. It's frustrating for the management


of RBS. Very frustrating for taxpayers. It will be even further


until we get our money back. As painful as this is, maybe we are


taking one step towards the end of this very long, very dark tunnel, it


seems to be it will be another couple of years, at least, many


several years before we get our money back. It remains to be seen. I


expect that as early as tomorrow morning around 7.00am. OK Simon.


Simon Jack there for us, our Business Editor, with the latest on


that business story. A brief look at some of the day's


other other news stories. More than 4,000 people have been


sleeping rough every night The latest figures show that


while London has the highest number of homeless people,


more than half of councils in England recorded a rise


in rough sleepers compared A man arrested over alleged threats


made against Gina Miller, the woman behind the Brexit legal


challenge, has been The 50-year-old man was detained


on Wednesday on suspicion of racially-aggravated malicious


communications. He has been bailed


until mid-February. Northumbria University has


apologised and been fined ?400,000 after two people nearly died taking


part in a science experiment. The students were accidentally


given enough caffeine for 300 cups of coffee,


100 times the intended dose. Laws to prevent discrimination


against women in relation to dress code in the workplace are not


being properly enforced, Their report was commissioned


after a receptionist was sent home Rescue teams in Italy


have found more bodies in the ruins of a ski resort


hotel that was hit by an In all, 24 people were killed with 5


people still missing. Our Rome correspondent


James Reynolds has been How many of us will ever know


what it's like to come back to life? On Saturday Vincenzo Forti


and Giorgia Galassi The couple had been trapped


underground for 59 hours. This afternoon we met them at home,


they told me what happened TRANSLATION: It felt like a bomb,


I felt glass exploding and it felt Somewhere underneath these


tonnes of snow and debris they were jammed together


in a tiny space. TRANSLATION: I looked at Vincenzo


and he saw I was panicking, the first thing he told me was,


"we have got to be calm. I touched him to see if we were OK,


if we were injured. I thought we would be


trapped for a week. After two days, rescuers


made contact with them. TRANSLATION: When we heard


a rescuer, it was as if an angel As if someone had come


to pick us up, literally, I feel as if I've been brought


to the world for a second time. And this time not


by my mum, but by God. A week on, rescuers continue


to search for those still James Reynolds, BBC


News, central Italy. British scientists have identified


14 new disorders affecting children after analysing the genes


of thousands of children with rare, Identifying the genes responsible


should lead to a greater understanding of the serious


disorders which affect the development of the brain


and body and might eventually Our medical correspondent,


Fergus Walsh, has the story. A big moment for these two families,


meeting for the first time. Ten-year-old Tamika


and nine-year-old Caitlin have the same newly identified


genetic condition, There are only 11


known cases in the UK. The girls are so alike,


they could be sisters. Living so close, we could have


easily bumped into each other. Do you think we would have gone home


with the wrong child? Looking at them, it would have been


easy, they are so similar. It's quite amazing to finally come


across somebody who also has a child so different to anybody else's child


and yet, here we are, To look at them, they are


so similar, aren't they? The developmental disorder


affects the girls' learning Why do you think you


took the wrong child? Tamika has good language skills,


Caitlin has only a few words. It gives me hope as well,


seeing Tamika talking so much. It definitely gives me hope that


Caitlyn's speech will form. This is where Caitlin


and Tamika's genetic condition was identified,


at the Wellcome Trust Sanger They mapped their genes and found


an identical fault in their DNA, but the mutation was not passed


on by their parents, Each of us inherits half our DNA


from our mother, through the egg Sometimes, when those


genes are passed on, spontaneous mutations occur that


cause rare developmental The older the parents,


the more likely that is to happen. Scientists here have identified 14


new developmental disorders and calculated that one in every 300


babies will be affected by a spontaneous genetic condition,


not carried in their parents' DNA. In the UK, that amounts to around


2,000 children every year. The research, in the journal Nature,


provides reassurance for many The discoveries end the long odyssey


that these parents have had trying to find the underlying cause


of their child's condition. It provides them with the risk


for future pregnancies. Which, for these conditions,


is actually very low. And it provides opportunities


for research into the causes and possible therapies that


might be applied. Katya was told last year


that she had not passed on Tamika's genetic condition and that


gave her confidence to have another Both families say being part of this


research has been hugely rewarding. It's like belonging to a club


or a new-found family. It has felt like we've been,


for the whole nine years, that we've just been on our own,


that there's been no But now, knowing that there


are other families. Usain Bolt, the record-breaking


Jamaican sprinter, will have to hand back one of his nine Olympic Gold


medals after one of his team-mates in the 4x100 metres Relay


at the Beijing Games, Nesta Carter, tested positive


for a banned substance The gold medal was one of those


which made up Bolt's famous triple-triple,


as Katie Gornall tells us. In a sport measured


in fractions of a second, this was an astonishing


feat of longevity. COMMENTATOR: The triple-triple!


He's done it. Usain Bolt's nine Fold medals,


at three different Olympics, Now, through no fault of his own,


that history has been tarnished. The reason lies with this man,


Nesta Carter, Bolt's team-mate in the relay at the 2008 Beijing


Olympics. His start propelled Jamaica both


to gold and to a world record. But last year, Carter's sample


from these Games was retested and today he was found


guilty of doping. Under the IOC rules,


the whole team is now disqualified. It's an outcome that Bolt has


feared for some time. I asked him about it back in August,


in his hometown of Kingston. At any point, if I lose one


of my medals, it'd be devastating and stressful,


do you know what I mean? To know that, after all that hard


work, this would happen. But I think the sport is in a really


bad place now and the only place It must be hard as well


because the triple-triple is such It's very, very, very


special, but we'll see. Sadly, whilst Bolt stood clean,


his rivals have fallen around him. Justin Gatlin has been banned twice


for failing drugs tests. Tyson Gay has tested positive


for an anabolic steroid and his fellow Jamaican,


Asafa Powell, has Today, Nesta Carter was found


to have taken the banned You can't re-run the race,


you can't get those medals back. And I think, in Usain Bolt's case,


after what we saw in Rio, we all now know that


that was his last Olympic Games. So it's gone from those


nine medals, that were But it's still unbelievable


what he achieved in his career. Bolt will now have to hand back one


of his precious medals, still he'll Football, and Southampton have


progressed to the final of the English Football League Cup


after beating Liverpool at Anfield. (A late goal by Shane Long


secured the second leg of the tie, giving Southampton


a 2-0 aggregate win. Hull City play Manchester United


tomorrow to decide who they'll One of American television's


best-loved stars, Mary Tyler Moore, He's probably sitting out


there right now thinking that I'm... In the 1960s, The Mary Tyler Moore


Show was among the biggest She also had some success in films,


with an Oscar nomination She'd been seriously ill for two


years and her representative said she died in the company


of family and friends. One of the leading figures


of the fashion industry, Alexandra Shulman, is stepping down


as the editor-in-chief She's been in charge for more


than a quarter of a century, making her the magazine's


longest-serving editor. Ms Shulman said it was a hard


to decision to leave the magazine, but she explained that she "very


much wanted to experience Our arts correspondent,


Rebecca Jones, reports. She persuaded The Duchess


of Cambridge to appear on the front cover of Vogue,


following in the footsteps of the Princess of Wales,


the singer and designer Victoria Beckham and


the model, Kate Moss. Alexandra Shulman has been in charge


of choosing some of the most I mean, her leg does


not look great in this. This is kind of like way


too much Union Jack, the other one would be


better to try. We need cutting-edge beauty


and a cutting-edge... And her former deputy


at Vogue, Susie Forbes, knows about Alexandra Shulman's


straight-forward approach She's never been afraid to take


risks and ruffle feathers and get people in the industry to improve


on any wider shortcomings that she sees as something


she should take the world Such as body image,


diversity and, basically, just championing British fashion,


and that's what they does And Vogue's publishers said she'd


been the towering figure of the British fashion press


throughout her time in charge, promoting designers


like John Galliano and Alexander She's played a key role in nurturing


and wearing British talent, Nonetheless, she stood out


on the front row as the down Unlike other ultra-slim,


ultra-stylish editors, she made her mark by looking normal


and while she admitted to anxiety, she kept it well hidden,


as a recent documentary revealed. You don't seem like someone


who would carry much I've never seemed like somebody


who carries stress with me. Alexandra Shulman has been


a cheerleader for the British fashion industry for 25 years,


now she says she wants to experience Tonight, on Newsnight,


we find out what the Mexicans think about Donald Trump's proposed border


wall and we speak to the playwright David Hare about his new film


on Holocaust denial. That's Newsnight,


starting over on BBC Two.


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