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Tonight at Ten we have a special report on the marked
Last year, a knife or blade was used in a crime every 16 minutes
We report from the streets of Liverpool.
New information from police shows there were more than 2,000 victims
of knife crime last year aged 18 or younger.
Also tonight, planning is already underway for a wall
President Trump says construction could start within months.
Beginning today the United States of America gets back
News tonight that RBS - mostly owned by the taxpayer -
is to set aside another $4 billion to pay fines
Usain Bolt is to hand back one of his Olympic gold medals
because a team-mate tested positive for a banned substance.
And the woman in charge of British Vogue is to step down
after 25 years at the heart of the fashion industry.
And coming up in Sportsday on BBC News, will Liverpool make it
to their second Wembley final in two years?
They're playing Southampton in the second leg of
We start tonight with a special report on the marked
An investigation for BBC News at Ten has found that, last year,
a knife or blade was used in a crime every 16 minutes
The number of incidents involving machetes has risen by over 60%
The information was provided by police forces in England and Wales.
And records show there were at least 2,300 victims of knife crime last
year aged 18 or younger, a rise of 45% over three years
Our special correspondent Ed Thomas, cameraman Phil Edwards and producer
Noel Titheradge have produced this extended report.
A warning that it does contain some explicit images.
I'm not going to run and lose my respect.
They chased him into that alleyway, and I just seen them stab him.
Turned our lives upside down, and it's the ripple effect.
Five years' time, I could be in jail, I could be dead.
I could be the biggest drug dealer in Liverpool,
you never know, do you, till it happens?
But this story could be told in many cities.
It's one of knives, fear and wasted lives.
Starts from, you know, selling a bit of weed,
That looks a bit more than self-defence to me.
This man, in his 20s, says he sells drugs and won't leave
We're all disturbed, because we're all the same.
We all grow up to be the same, no-one breaks the cycle.
It's hard around here, the cycle never breaks.
For these teenagers, this is how the cycle begins.
It happens early, from when you go to school,
The next thing you know, you end up getting stabbed or something.
You have to have a blade, because people around
Do you know what would happen if the police caught you with that?
And do you know what would happen to you?
On Merseyside, knife crime has risen by a quarter since 2012.
Since then, across England and Wales, at least 7800 victims
I have had to stab a couple of kids, because they've been chatting sort
And what damage happened to those kids?
So they wake up and think, you know what it is,
I'm not going to say that no more, look what that caused me,
This is completely wrong, this is unacceptable.
I know my karma is probably to catch me one day.
I could never walk the streets, right here, right now,
without having flashbacks, memories of some sort.
At just 16 she was groomed by a Liverpool gang.
She faced knives, guns, beatings and sexual abuse.
One of my boyfriend at the time's friends pulled up on me, in the car.
He went to the park and proceeded to lock the doors of the car.
At that instant, I knew that I weren't going to see
He proceeded to tell me to take my knickers down,
or I was getting it, right here, right then.
What this gang do to you and your life?
I basically have to fight myself, every day's a battle
in my head to try to get through what I've gone through.
And the consequences of the violence echo across this
You've got kids who won't go in to the next street,
and I mean literally the next street, because they're scared
Here, they work with children from the age of five,
educating kids about street violence that they believe is mostly
Doesn't even make the news no more in Liverpool.
But we know about it, we get to find out all of the stuff on the streets.
We know what's happened, and it's a lot, lot more
What those stats do tell us is that, on average, every 16 minutes a knife
or blade is used in crime across the UK.
In Liverpool, trauma nurse Rob Jackson treats the victims.
We've had people having their hands hacked off for ?70 cannabis bills.
Seen people's faces hacked to bits, we've seen people
who had their guts, basically, split open.
His pictures are shown in schools, a warning
It doesn't have to be five or six stab puncture wounds,
it can be done to one single wound, that can be enough to kill somebody.
My son, Joseph, was stabbed to death at a youth centre he'd gone along
to to watch his friends do a band practice.
Joseph Lappin was 16 when he was stabbed once,
I was just starting to see glimpses of the man
All that stopped the day that this lad decided to go out with a knife.
Since Joseph's death, more than 1400 people have been
stabbed and killed with a knife across England and Wales.
How many more young lives are waiting to be devastated?
It's the way it is, we failed a long time ago.
Merseyside Police declined to be interviewed for this report,
but told us knife crime was a national issue
That special report from Liverpool by Ed Thomas on the marked
increase in knife crime over the past three years.
President Trump is signing more executive orders.
He says today is his big day on security and he's confirmed that
he's taking action on one of his most prominent campaign
promises, to build a wall along the US border with Mexico.
Tonight Mr Trump said he expected construction to start
within months and that planning was already underway.
Donald Trump signature's pledge is now one step closer to reality,
with a stroke of his pen, the new President ordered
the construction of a great wall on the Mexican border.
It would begin, he said, within months.
A nation without borders is not a nation.
Beginning today, the United States of America gets back
The criminals and the drug deals and gangs and gang
The day is over when they can stay in our country and wreck havoc.
Strengthening and extending the existing barrier on this frontier
Mr Trump has always insisted that Mexico will pay, but Mexico say
it won't and the President now admits American taxpayers
Ultimately, it will come out of what's happening with Mexico.
We're going to be starting those negotiations relatively soon
and we will be in a form reimbursed by Mexico.
So the American taxpayer will pay for the wall at first?
All it is is, we'll be reimbursed at a later date.
about the impact on trade and sceptical about
The problem is that the majority of Americans are not really familiar
consequently the idea of a wall seems to be appealing.
We call it the Tortilla Curtain, but the truth of the matter is that,
This fence at the Pacific Ocean is the very start of the land border
between Mexico and the United States and President Trump has
always said he wants to build a much taller,
a much better, much bigger wall, stretching
all the way from here, nearly 2,000 miles to Texas.
But even in liberal California there's backing
for President Trump's hardline on immigration, not least
from these supporters who call themselves the Trumpettes.
You know I always say my scripture is, "I sought for a
I was reading that the other day and it just stuck
out in my spirit because we need protection, and I pray for America
and I pray that God will shore up the border of our nation.
As well as the wall, President Trump is
promising to deport immigrants who commit
crimes, to cut funding to states like California which refuse
to arrest most illegal aliens and to hire 10,000 more
His actions are bold, sweeping and intensely divisive.
James Cook, BBC News, on the US-Mexico border.
Our North America editor, Jon Sopel, is at the White House.
The President promised a big day on security, but it has gone way beyond
that? Way beyond that. He has been talking about much wider issues.
Talking about some enhanced interrogation techniques that may be
appropriate to be used either CIA when questioning terrorists in
future. He was asked in that interview, do you think that water
boarding works? He said, I want to do Everything within the bounds of
what you are allowed to do legally, but do I feel it works? Absolutely I
feel it works. He talked about the need to fight fire with fire. He
said he would leave it to his Defence Secretary and CIA chief. The
CIA chief has been more sympathetic towards it. The Defence Secretary
said, you know what would be more effective? Give me a packet of
cigarettes and two bottles of beer and the person I am interrogating is
likely to respond better to that. There is also a document
circulating, which looks like a draft executive order, which talks
about all of those things that seemed to belong to a different
political era, enhanced interrogation, water boarding, all
of the things that were from the Bosch era... George Bush era war on
terror seemed to be considered again.
The Prime Minister has decided she is prepared to publish a more
detailed Government paper on the strategy for Brexit.
Theresa May said she recognised there was an appetite
for a White Paper after number of Conservative MPs
joined Labour in asking for a paper to be published.
The Supreme Court ruled yesterday that Mrs May could not
begin the Brexit process without parliament's approval.
Our deputy political editor John Pienaar reports.
A once dominant PM out on his ear when Britain chose Brexit.
David Cameron's doing charity work now, today visiting
REPORTER: Are you worried about defeat Prime Minister?
Now, his successor's got her hands full with
And today, Theresa May kept a half step ahead of her critics.
She'd outlined her Brexit game plan in a big speech,
And as the time came for questions...
She'd held off promising MPs a policy paper, but now...
I can confirm to the House that our plan will be set
out in a White Paper, published in this House.
Could we know when this White Paper is going to be available to us?
Will they withdraw the threats to destroy the social structure
of this country by turning us into the bargain basement
But the Prime Minister's kept the initiative and the Brexit paper
is unlikely to tell MPs more than they know now.
It was an easy concession for Theresa May to make,
but Tory MPs, worried about Brexit, welcomed it.
She's also keen to appear ahead of the game when she visits
Donald Trump in the White House later this week.
And she told MPs she won't duck policy differences.
I am not afraid to speak frankly to a President of the United States.
I'm able to do that because we have that special relationship.
MPs queued to offer issues where she could take
He must abide by and not withdraw from the Paris
President Trump has repeatedly said that he will bring back torture
When she sees him on Friday, will the Prime Minister make clear
that in no circumstances will she permit Britain
to be dragged into facilitating that torture?
Will the Prime Minister tell President Trump that she is not
prepared to lower our food and safety standards or to open
Her answer, she and her Government would stand their ground.
We will put UK interests and UK values first.
Another former Prime Minister's been in Brussels, Tony Blair knows
getting close to the White House at the wrong time can end badly.
MPs on all sides are anxious Theresa May remembers that lesson.
There's news tonight that Royal Bank of Scotland,
which is mostly owned by the taxpayer, is to set aside
another $4 billion to pay fines for mis-selling.
Our business editor, Simon Jack, is here with more details.
What can you tell us, Simon? It's another massive body blow for RBS.
They have been setting aside in the kitty to pay this monster fine for
its role in selling risky mortgages. That kitty is now at $10 billion if
you add in this 4 billion. This will put RBS in a bigger loss in 2016.
The ninth year in a row that RBS has lost money. I should say this was
not unexpected. Nor is it final. The final bill may be much higher than
$10 billion. RBS had hoped to settle all of this at the beginning of this
month, before the new administration comes in. It remains to be seen
whether the new administration is more or less lenient on foreign
banks which have caused misconduct. It's frustrating for the management
of RBS. Very frustrating for taxpayers. It will be even further
until we get our money back. As painful as this is, maybe we are
taking one step towards the end of this very long, very dark tunnel, it
seems to be it will be another couple of years, at least, many
several years before we get our money back. It remains to be seen. I
expect that as early as tomorrow morning around 7.00am. OK Simon.
Simon Jack there for us, our Business Editor, with the latest on
that business story. A brief look at some of the day's
other other news stories. More than 4,000 people have been
sleeping rough every night The latest figures show that
while London has the highest number of homeless people,
more than half of councils in England recorded a rise
in rough sleepers compared A man arrested over alleged threats
made against Gina Miller, the woman behind the Brexit legal
challenge, has been The 50-year-old man was detained
on Wednesday on suspicion of racially-aggravated malicious
communications. He has been bailed
until mid-February. Northumbria University has
apologised and been fined ?400,000 after two people nearly died taking
part in a science experiment. The students were accidentally
given enough caffeine for 300 cups of coffee,
100 times the intended dose. Laws to prevent discrimination
against women in relation to dress code in the workplace are not
being properly enforced, Their report was commissioned
after a receptionist was sent home Rescue teams in Italy
have found more bodies in the ruins of a ski resort
hotel that was hit by an In all, 24 people were killed with 5
people still missing. Our Rome correspondent
James Reynolds has been How many of us will ever know
what it's like to come back to life? On Saturday Vincenzo Forti
and Giorgia Galassi The couple had been trapped
underground for 59 hours. This afternoon we met them at home,
they told me what happened TRANSLATION: It felt like a bomb,
I felt glass exploding and it felt Somewhere underneath these
tonnes of snow and debris they were jammed together
in a tiny space. TRANSLATION: I looked at Vincenzo
and he saw I was panicking, the first thing he told me was,
"we have got to be calm. I touched him to see if we were OK,
if we were injured. I thought we would be
trapped for a week. After two days, rescuers
made contact with them. TRANSLATION: When we heard
a rescuer, it was as if an angel As if someone had come
to pick us up, literally, I feel as if I've been brought
to the world for a second time. And this time not
by my mum, but by God. A week on, rescuers continue
to search for those still James Reynolds, BBC
News, central Italy. British scientists have identified
14 new disorders affecting children after analysing the genes
of thousands of children with rare, Identifying the genes responsible
should lead to a greater understanding of the serious
disorders which affect the development of the brain
and body and might eventually Our medical correspondent,
Fergus Walsh, has the story. A big moment for these two families,
meeting for the first time. Ten-year-old Tamika
and nine-year-old Caitlin have the same newly identified
genetic condition, There are only 11
known cases in the UK. The girls are so alike,
they could be sisters. Living so close, we could have
easily bumped into each other. Do you think we would have gone home
with the wrong child? Looking at them, it would have been
easy, they are so similar. It's quite amazing to finally come
across somebody who also has a child so different to anybody else's child
and yet, here we are, To look at them, they are
so similar, aren't they? The developmental disorder
affects the girls' learning Why do you think you
took the wrong child? Tamika has good language skills,
Caitlin has only a few words. It gives me hope as well,
seeing Tamika talking so much. It definitely gives me hope that
Caitlyn's speech will form. This is where Caitlin
and Tamika's genetic condition was identified,
at the Wellcome Trust Sanger They mapped their genes and found
an identical fault in their DNA, but the mutation was not passed
on by their parents, Each of us inherits half our DNA
from our mother, through the egg Sometimes, when those
genes are passed on, spontaneous mutations occur that
cause rare developmental The older the parents,
the more likely that is to happen. Scientists here have identified 14
new developmental disorders and calculated that one in every 300
babies will be affected by a spontaneous genetic condition,
not carried in their parents' DNA. In the UK, that amounts to around
2,000 children every year. The research, in the journal Nature,
provides reassurance for many The discoveries end the long odyssey
that these parents have had trying to find the underlying cause
of their child's condition. It provides them with the risk
for future pregnancies. Which, for these conditions,
is actually very low. And it provides opportunities
for research into the causes and possible therapies that
might be applied. Katya was told last year
that she had not passed on Tamika's genetic condition and that
gave her confidence to have another Both families say being part of this
research has been hugely rewarding. It's like belonging to a club
or a new-found family. It has felt like we've been,
for the whole nine years, that we've just been on our own,
that there's been no But now, knowing that there
are other families. Usain Bolt, the record-breaking
Jamaican sprinter, will have to hand back one of his nine Olympic Gold
medals after one of his team-mates in the 4x100 metres Relay
at the Beijing Games, Nesta Carter, tested positive
for a banned substance The gold medal was one of those
which made up Bolt's famous triple-triple,
as Katie Gornall tells us. In a sport measured
in fractions of a second, this was an astonishing
feat of longevity. COMMENTATOR: The triple-triple!
He's done it. Usain Bolt's nine Fold medals,
at three different Olympics, Now, through no fault of his own,
that history has been tarnished. The reason lies with this man,
Nesta Carter, Bolt's team-mate in the relay at the 2008 Beijing
Olympics. His start propelled Jamaica both
to gold and to a world record. But last year, Carter's sample
from these Games was retested and today he was found
guilty of doping. Under the IOC rules,
the whole team is now disqualified. It's an outcome that Bolt has
feared for some time. I asked him about it back in August,
in his hometown of Kingston. At any point, if I lose one
of my medals, it'd be devastating and stressful,
do you know what I mean? To know that, after all that hard
work, this would happen. But I think the sport is in a really
bad place now and the only place It must be hard as well
because the triple-triple is such It's very, very, very
special, but we'll see. Sadly, whilst Bolt stood clean,
his rivals have fallen around him. Justin Gatlin has been banned twice
for failing drugs tests. Tyson Gay has tested positive
for an anabolic steroid and his fellow Jamaican,
Asafa Powell, has Today, Nesta Carter was found
to have taken the banned You can't re-run the race,
you can't get those medals back. And I think, in Usain Bolt's case,
after what we saw in Rio, we all now know that
that was his last Olympic Games. So it's gone from those
nine medals, that were But it's still unbelievable
what he achieved in his career. Bolt will now have to hand back one
of his precious medals, still he'll Football, and Southampton have
progressed to the final of the English Football League Cup
after beating Liverpool at Anfield. (A late goal by Shane Long
secured the second leg of the tie, giving Southampton
a 2-0 aggregate win. Hull City play Manchester United
tomorrow to decide who they'll One of American television's
best-loved stars, Mary Tyler Moore, He's probably sitting out
there right now thinking that I'm... In the 1960s, The Mary Tyler Moore
Show was among the biggest She also had some success in films,
with an Oscar nomination She'd been seriously ill for two
years and her representative said she died in the company
of family and friends. One of the leading figures
of the fashion industry, Alexandra Shulman, is stepping down
as the editor-in-chief She's been in charge for more
than a quarter of a century, making her the magazine's
longest-serving editor. Ms Shulman said it was a hard
to decision to leave the magazine, but she explained that she "very
much wanted to experience Our arts correspondent,
Rebecca Jones, reports. She persuaded The Duchess
of Cambridge to appear on the front cover of Vogue,
following in the footsteps of the Princess of Wales,
the singer and designer Victoria Beckham and
the model, Kate Moss. Alexandra Shulman has been in charge
of choosing some of the most I mean, her leg does
not look great in this. This is kind of like way
too much Union Jack, the other one would be
better to try. We need cutting-edge beauty
and a cutting-edge... And her former deputy
at Vogue, Susie Forbes, knows about Alexandra Shulman's
straight-forward approach She's never been afraid to take
risks and ruffle feathers and get people in the industry to improve
on any wider shortcomings that she sees as something
she should take the world Such as body image,
diversity and, basically, just championing British fashion,
and that's what they does And Vogue's publishers said she'd
been the towering figure of the British fashion press
throughout her time in charge, promoting designers
like John Galliano and Alexander She's played a key role in nurturing
and wearing British talent, Nonetheless, she stood out
on the front row as the down Unlike other ultra-slim,
ultra-stylish editors, she made her mark by looking normal
and while she admitted to anxiety, she kept it well hidden,
as a recent documentary revealed. You don't seem like someone
who would carry much I've never seemed like somebody
who carries stress with me. Alexandra Shulman has been
a cheerleader for the British fashion industry for 25 years,
now she says she wants to experience Tonight, on Newsnight,
we find out what the Mexicans think about Donald Trump's proposed border
wall and we speak to the playwright David Hare about his new film
on Holocaust denial. That's Newsnight,
starting over on BBC Two.