11/07/2017 BBC News at Ten


11/07/2017

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The NHS contaminated blood scandal more than 30 years ago -

:00:00.:00:10.

the Government finally orders an inquiry.

:00:11.:00:12.

More than 2,000 people died and thousands of other victims

:00:13.:00:25.

were left infected with HIV and hepatitis C.

:00:26.:00:27.

The inquiry, that I've announced today, will give them those answers,

:00:28.:00:29.

so they will know why this happened, how it happened.

:00:30.:00:32.

This was an appalling tragedy and it should never have happened.

:00:33.:00:34.

Andy Evans was infected when he was five and contracted AIDS at 16.

:00:35.:00:38.

He's campaigned for an inquiry for years.

:00:39.:00:39.

At the very minimum, we were let down.

:00:40.:00:41.

At the worst, I think there are people to blame for a lot

:00:42.:00:44.

We'll be asking why victims have had to wait so long for answers.

:00:45.:00:52.

President Trump's son publishes emails showing he was keen to accept

:00:53.:00:56.

an apparent Russian offer to help his father's

:00:57.:00:58.

Orphans of war - victims of so-called Islamic State.

:00:59.:01:07.

We report on the desperate plight of the Iraqi children

:01:08.:01:09.

but don't receive any benefits should qualify for sick and holiday

:01:10.:01:19.

pay according to a Government commissioned report.

:01:20.:01:23.

British tennis mystery is made. It's been 39 years. -- history is made.

:01:24.:01:29.

And Johanna Konta becomes the first British woman to reach

:01:30.:01:31.

the Wimbledon semifinals since Virginia Wade in 1978.

:01:32.:01:33.

A moment of history that she celebrated on centre court.

:01:34.:01:36.

Standing in between Johanna Konta and the Wimbledon final,

:01:37.:01:39.

Venus Williams - a five-time champion, who becomes the oldest

:01:40.:01:42.

semifinalist at the tournament in 23 years.

:01:43.:02:02.

"An appalling tragedy that should never have happened."

:02:03.:02:06.

That's what the Prime Minister called the contaminated blood

:02:07.:02:10.

scandal of the 1970s and '80s, as the Government announced

:02:11.:02:13.

It's been called one of the biggest disasters in the history of the NHS.

:02:14.:02:23.

patients were infected with viruses, such as hepatitis C and HIV,

:02:24.:02:27.

after being given blood products by the NHS.

:02:28.:02:29.

Andy has had a life on medication because he was given

:02:30.:02:39.

At the age of five, he was infected with HIV and hepatitis C.

:02:40.:02:44.

Since then, all he's wanted is answers.

:02:45.:02:52.

I'm very worried that there was deliberate acts behind these

:02:53.:02:55.

infections, as I say, at the very minimum

:02:56.:02:56.

At the worst, I think, there are people to blame for a lot

:02:57.:03:02.

It's been called the worst disaster in the history of the NHS.

:03:03.:03:10.

Patients expected safe treatment - haemophiliacs needing

:03:11.:03:12.

blood clotting agents and others needing transfusions.

:03:13.:03:16.

But they were given products tainted with life-threatening viruses.

:03:17.:03:20.

Much of the inquiry's focus will be on Whitehall and what was happening

:03:21.:03:23.

Victims and their families have long argued that senior Government

:03:24.:03:30.

officials were aware of the dangers with contaminated blood products,

:03:31.:03:33.

but allowed patients to continue receiving them.

:03:34.:03:36.

After that, they say, there was a cover-up.

:03:37.:03:40.

A Scottish inquiry by a judge Lord Penrose was dismissed

:03:41.:03:42.

An earlier inquiry in England was privately funded

:03:43.:03:50.

Today a Labour MP, whose campaigned on the issue,

:03:51.:04:05.

told the Commons those affected by the scandal were owed

:04:06.:04:07.

They deserve to be told what went wrong, why it went wrong

:04:08.:04:11.

and who is responsible for what happened.

:04:12.:04:13.

The story of the injustice they have suffered also needs to be set out

:04:14.:04:16.

The Prime Minister later said their voices would be heard

:04:17.:04:21.

They have waited too long for these answers.

:04:22.:04:30.

What we want to do is talk with the families, talk to them

:04:31.:04:33.

about the shape that this inquiry should take, so we ensure

:04:34.:04:36.

that it is able to provide the answers and the justice

:04:37.:04:39.

The former Health Secretary, Andy Burnham, who's alleged

:04:40.:04:42.

it is a criminal matter with medical records falsified and said

:04:43.:04:45.

there were failures by successive governments.

:04:46.:04:46.

All political parties have let down those who've suffered as a result

:04:47.:04:49.

And all parties must now put differences aside,

:04:50.:04:54.

work together and give them truth and justice without further

:04:55.:04:56.

And for this campaigner, who has hepatitis C,

:04:57.:05:03.

there's only one thing which really matters.

:05:04.:05:06.

Whether that full truth emerges after this long campaign will depend

:05:07.:05:18.

on what sort of inquiry is convened and its powers.

:05:19.:05:22.

And our health editor, Hugh Pym, is with me now.

:05:23.:05:27.

Why have the victims had to wait so long for this inquiry? Well, Sophie,

:05:28.:05:34.

the Government line is that it's always had an open mind but in the

:05:35.:05:39.

last few weeks, new evidence has emerged. Some published in a

:05:40.:05:43.

newspaper and there's other material held by Andy Burnham, alleging

:05:44.:05:46.

criminality that he is ready top hand over to police. And there is a

:05:47.:05:51.

political issue only on Sunday the leaders of the main opposition

:05:52.:05:54.

parties at Westminster, including the DUP, wrote jient letter calling

:05:55.:05:57.

for a public inquiry into this scandal. That's highly significant,

:05:58.:06:01.

given parliamentary arithmetic these days. So with a debate due to start

:06:02.:06:10.

at twoemsd, called by -- to start at Westminster, called by a Labour MP,

:06:11.:06:14.

the Government moved. The Scottish Government has welcomed this and

:06:15.:06:18.

said it would be a UK-wide exercise. Whatever the reasons, whatever the

:06:19.:06:21.

facts, the victims and their families have welcomed what they see

:06:22.:06:26.

this, as a landmark move, but they've yet to be convinced it

:06:27.:06:28.

really will deliver the truth. President Trump's son has

:06:29.:06:30.

published a chain of e-mails, which show that he was keen

:06:31.:06:32.

to accept an apparent offer from the Russian

:06:33.:06:35.

government last year, to help his father's

:06:36.:06:36.

presidential campaign. Donald Trump Jr is promised

:06:37.:06:38.

official documents that would incriminate his father's

:06:39.:06:40.

rival, Hillary Clinton. It led to a meeting in New York

:06:41.:06:42.

between a Russian lawyer, Mr Trump Jr and two of his

:06:43.:06:47.

father's key advisors. Our chief correspondent, Gavin

:06:48.:06:50.

Hewitt, is outside the White House. For nearly six months there has been

:06:51.:07:04.

a shadow over the Trump administration, with the allegations

:07:05.:07:08.

that the Trump campaign last year in some way colluded with the Russians.

:07:09.:07:12.

But today a series of highly-damaging e-mails were

:07:13.:07:16.

published, suggesting that Russian officials were actively trying to

:07:17.:07:25.

help the Trump campaign. Congratulations dad, we love you.

:07:26.:07:31.

Donald Trump Jr was at the heart of his dad's election campaign. Today

:07:32.:07:37.

he embarked on a high risk strategy. He decided to disclose the e-mails

:07:38.:07:41.

today between himself and the publicist who arranged the meeting.

:07:42.:07:44.

The e-mails raised serious and disturbing questions. The four pages

:07:45.:07:52.

of e-mails reveal exchanges between Trump June rye, Rybarikova junior

:07:53.:07:56.

and a British pub list, Rob gol Steyn.

:07:57.:08:08.

- - - to Donald Trump Jr. The e-mail continues:

:08:09.:08:20.

In reply Mr Donald Trump Jr says: The meeting was set up by a British

:08:21.:08:31.

publicist, Rob Goldstein. Much was promised but the Russian lawyer

:08:32.:08:34.

today denied any links with the Kremlin. She was asked, why those at

:08:35.:08:41.

the meeting thought she was going to deliver any information on Hillary

:08:42.:08:46.

Clinton. It is possible they were looking for such information, they

:08:47.:08:51.

wanted the so bad lid. But the reaction from politicians today

:08:52.:08:53.

shows that these drip, drip revelations are proving damaging to

:08:54.:08:55.

the Trump administration. It's serious and this is a serious

:08:56.:09:00.

situation and one that is a long way from over. It doesn't appear that

:09:01.:09:05.

when they had information that this person might be connected with the

:09:06.:09:08.

Russian Government or a Russian national, that they didn't

:09:09.:09:11.

immediately call the FBI This is very problematic. We cannot allow

:09:12.:09:15.

foreign governments to reach out to anybody's campaign and say - we'd

:09:16.:09:18.

like to help you. It is a non-starter. What does President

:09:19.:09:22.

Trump make of it all? Today he says that his son was a high-quality

:09:23.:09:26.

person and praised his transparency. But the President is also said to be

:09:27.:09:31.

frustrated that after today the questions are only likely to get

:09:32.:09:35.

more searching. Tomorrow the President goes back to Europe, to

:09:36.:09:40.

France, determined to avoid the impression that his is an

:09:41.:09:41.

administration under siege. The United Nations say as many

:09:42.:09:47.

as 3,000 civilians remain trapped in the Iraqi city of Mosul,

:09:48.:09:50.

despite government forces declaring Skirmishes continue between Iraqi

:09:51.:09:52.

troops and so-called Islamic State. Those trapped are mostly

:09:53.:09:58.

the young or the elderly, who've become separated

:09:59.:10:00.

from their families. From Mosul, our defence

:10:01.:10:02.

correspondent, Jonathan Beale, This is an orphan of

:10:03.:10:04.

the Battle of Mosul - a baby whose parents

:10:05.:10:11.

have been killed. He's one of the victims

:10:12.:10:21.

of the fight against the group He was left at this

:10:22.:10:23.

clinic, malnourished The medics here say there

:10:24.:10:26.

are many more like him. Yeah, I mean, kids,

:10:27.:10:29.

without parents, a lot of them. You know, they've either been killed

:10:30.:10:32.

by Isis or killed by air strikes There is a massive

:10:33.:10:35.

amount of devastation. That's the only way

:10:36.:10:39.

I can put it into terms. Iraq's Prime Minister may have

:10:40.:10:46.

declared victory but there's still pockets of resistance

:10:47.:10:48.

and streams of civilians trying They often collect the children

:10:49.:10:50.

of others along the way. Seeba says she was shot at by IS

:10:51.:11:04.

snipers as she tried to escape. The baby she's now

:11:05.:11:08.

holding is not hers. She said the mother and father

:11:09.:11:12.

were both buried under group. There are dozens of women

:11:13.:11:19.

and children here, waiting to be taken to safety and they're not just

:11:20.:11:24.

war weary, they are weak And if you listen, the only sound

:11:25.:11:27.

you can hear is babies crying. At West Mosul's main hospital,

:11:28.:11:36.

they're just about coping. They're still having

:11:37.:11:40.

to treat the wounded, as well as the weak -

:11:41.:11:42.

this man's barely alive And there are more

:11:43.:11:45.

orphans here, too. This is Galeb who's crying out,

:11:46.:11:51.

"Where's my father?" He only stops when they manage

:11:52.:11:54.

to distract him with a game. He is crying, asking

:11:55.:12:03.

for his father, mother. I can't be his father,

:12:04.:12:10.

I can't be his mother. Even trying to identify the dead

:12:11.:12:15.

is proving difficult. Search and rescue teams

:12:16.:12:23.

are looking out for any forms of identity as they sift

:12:24.:12:26.

through the debris of war. Iraq will not just have

:12:27.:12:29.

to rebuild this city, but mend broken lives,

:12:30.:12:31.

too, Jonathan Beale, All work in the UK's economy should

:12:32.:12:33.

be fair and decent, according to a Government-commissioned review

:12:34.:12:44.

of employment practices. It looks particularly

:12:45.:12:47.

at the so-called gig economy - a growing sector of workers

:12:48.:12:52.

who currently work flexibly but do not receive employee benefits -

:12:53.:13:00.

though the review says they should. It also examines the use

:13:01.:13:02.

of zero-hour contracts and recommends that everyone should

:13:03.:13:04.

enjoy a baseline of protection. With more, here's our economics

:13:05.:13:07.

editor, Kamal Ahmed. Whatever work we do, we spend

:13:08.:13:09.

half our waking hours doing it. Steady or insecure,

:13:10.:13:16.

full-time or self-employed, high pay or low pay,

:13:17.:13:20.

the world of work is changing. Appearing alongside Theresa May,

:13:21.:13:23.

Matthew Taylor said Our national performance

:13:24.:13:25.

on the quantity of work is strong. But quantity alone is not enough

:13:26.:13:33.

for a thriving economy We believe now is the time

:13:34.:13:35.

to complement that commitment in creating jobs with the goal

:13:36.:13:41.

of creating better jobs. Flexible, work the hours

:13:42.:13:45.

he wants, few benefits. I just switch on and off

:13:46.:13:52.

whenever I wanted. And in the middle of my day,

:13:53.:13:55.

if I want to pop down to the seaside or watch a Spiderman movie,

:13:56.:13:59.

I can do that. For Felicity, it is a different

:14:00.:14:02.

story from the world I could never budget because some

:14:03.:14:06.

weeks I'd get too much work, Some weeks, I wouldn't get enough

:14:07.:14:12.

work so I just really That, actually, caused me

:14:13.:14:17.

quite a bit of stress. There are certainly many

:14:18.:14:20.

new ways of working, The gig economy, that's those

:14:21.:14:22.

food delivery drivers, those minicab drivers,

:14:23.:14:30.

there are around 1.3 million people And people with no guaranteed hours

:14:31.:14:32.

of work, on zero-hours contracts, there are about 905,000

:14:33.:14:42.

people on those. Then, there is what the report

:14:43.:14:47.

calls the hidden economy. That is the cash in hand payments

:14:48.:14:50.

to your window cleaner that avoid The report says that is worth

:14:51.:14:53.

?6.2 billion a year and should Mr Taylor said in his review,

:14:54.:14:58.

much of this new world of work is good work,

:14:59.:15:03.

but for those being Sick and holiday pay benefits,

:15:04.:15:05.

a right to an enhanced minimum wage because the work does

:15:06.:15:13.

not guarantee hours. Then there's talk of better

:15:14.:15:18.

enforcement of the present laws and higher taxes

:15:19.:15:20.

for those gig firms. Paying National Insurance

:15:21.:15:22.

for the first time, which many of them avoid

:15:23.:15:25.

at the moment. The big question -

:15:26.:15:28.

will any of this ever happen, given the Conservatives lack one

:15:29.:15:31.

important thing - a majority. You cannot give any guarantees that

:15:32.:15:35.

you will be able to pass a report like this and the recommendations it

:15:36.:15:41.

has had through Parliament? I would hope, as I said

:15:42.:15:45.

in my speech, people will see across the political world,

:15:46.:15:49.

will see the importance It is about the future

:15:50.:15:53.

of our economy. There seems little

:15:54.:16:00.

chance of consensus. Labour said the report

:16:01.:16:03.

was a huge missed opportunity, particularly when it came to not

:16:04.:16:06.

banning zero-hours contracts. We have to get rid of

:16:07.:16:09.

zero-hours contracts. Obviously, we have to get rid

:16:10.:16:12.

of the gig economy and the bogus self-employment which actually

:16:13.:16:15.

is a wonderful way for a minority of employers to avoid paying

:16:16.:16:20.

National Insurance contributions. The world, frankly, does not lack

:16:21.:16:25.

for government reviews on everything The question now, will this one make

:16:26.:16:28.

a difference or just be left to gather dust on some

:16:29.:16:34.

Whitehall shelf? Johanna Konta made history tonight,

:16:35.:16:37.

after becoming the first British woman in almost 40 years to make it

:16:38.:16:44.

to the Wimbledon semi-finals. The world number seven beat

:16:45.:16:48.

the Romanian second seed, She'll now take on Venus Williams

:16:49.:16:50.

for a place in the final, On Centre Court, a British woman

:16:51.:16:56.

in a Wimbledon quarterfinal. Never mind the rest of her career,

:16:57.:17:01.

Johanna Konta's progress here had Where every mood, every

:17:02.:17:05.

move is scrutinised. Johanna Konta first played

:17:06.:17:13.

at Wimbledon as a junior, When her Hungarian-born parents

:17:14.:17:15.

moved to Britain, she followed. Really Konta is not a product

:17:16.:17:20.

of one nation or a tennis system but a product

:17:21.:17:25.

of her own intense motivation. Against her here, Simona Halep,

:17:26.:17:30.

a player ranked higher, capable of matching Konta,

:17:31.:17:33.

almost nothing between them. Just look at Hawk-Eye,

:17:34.:17:36.

a fraction off. At crucial moments, Konta

:17:37.:17:41.

was making more mistakes. Still, adversity is just

:17:42.:17:48.

an opportunity for resilience, The second set went

:17:49.:17:53.

to another tie-break. Deep breath, deep

:17:54.:17:59.

breath, now ex-hail. Into the third, could Konta

:18:00.:18:05.

break the Halep serve? Match point and the

:18:06.:18:11.

crowd on the brink. Listen for a scream

:18:12.:18:19.

and watch the reaction. Halep distracted, while retaining

:18:20.:18:26.

focus is everything - 40 years since you won,

:18:27.:18:29.

Virginia, 40 years. Konta says she's

:18:30.:18:32.

believed she could be a champion Regardless of whether it was

:18:33.:18:34.

going my way or not, I felt I really struck to my true

:18:35.:18:39.

self and tried to create as many I knew going into the match

:18:40.:18:43.

against Simona, that she was really not going to give me

:18:44.:18:50.

a match for free. Well perseverance was a thing today,

:18:51.:18:53.

off-court and on it and who sums it up better than Venus Williams,

:18:54.:18:57.

into another semifinal at 37 History will always hang over

:18:58.:19:02.

British players here, but the future, the present

:19:03.:19:07.

is nothing to be scared of. Smile and Centre Court

:19:08.:19:10.

smiles with you. An aristocrat, who wrote an online

:19:11.:19:12.

post, offering ?5,000 for the businesswoman

:19:13.:19:21.

and campaigner, Gina Miller, to be run over, has been found

:19:22.:19:24.

guilty of two charges Rhodri Colwyn Philipps,

:19:25.:19:27.

the 4th Viscount St Davids, wrote the message four days

:19:28.:19:32.

after Gina Miller won a Brexit legal Philipps, who called

:19:33.:19:36.

his comments "satire", There have been fresh calls

:19:37.:19:41.

for drastic improvements in the care given to people with learning

:19:42.:19:47.

disabilities in England. More than 2,500 of them

:19:48.:19:49.

remain in secure units, that's despite Government promises

:19:50.:19:53.

that they would close. In one year alone, 50% of all deaths

:19:54.:19:56.

of people with a learning disability were recorded as avoidable,

:19:57.:20:01.

compared to 23% for Our social affairs correspondent,

:20:02.:20:05.

Alison Holt, has the story. The front room of the family home

:20:06.:20:13.

in Essex, 34-year-old Ian Shaw lies quietly comforted

:20:14.:20:16.

by having his parents at his side. He has learning disabilities,

:20:17.:20:20.

autism and epilepsy. He also has terminal cancer,

:20:21.:20:29.

which his parents say should have I was told there was no

:20:30.:20:32.

treatment because it had They couldn't treat it

:20:33.:20:39.

because it would be too much. The family asked us to tell Ian's

:20:40.:20:45.

story because they believe it shows how the system still fails people

:20:46.:20:53.

with learning disabilities. As he grew up, Ian's

:20:54.:20:57.

behaviour became challenging. When in pain, he'd throw things

:20:58.:21:01.

and bang his head scarring himself. In 2007, he was sent to the first

:21:02.:21:05.

of three secure units. Because things became out

:21:06.:21:09.

of control, the secure So once he was there, it felt

:21:10.:21:16.

like you couldn't get him back out? This weighty family file tells

:21:17.:21:22.

the story of Ian's life It shows his mum raising numerous

:21:23.:21:30.

concerns about levels of medication, There are records of Ian

:21:31.:21:39.

being restrained as well as family letters fighting to get him moved

:21:40.:21:44.

to a supported home It took nine years, but Ian left

:21:45.:21:48.

the last secure hospital in 2016. Within months, testicular

:21:49.:21:57.

cancer was found. The family believes in the secure

:21:58.:22:00.

unit early signs were first missed Bernadette Adams provided

:22:01.:22:04.

the family support in meetings Jan has been saying for many months

:22:05.:22:11.

that Ian was in pain or Ian had infections and she was,

:22:12.:22:21.

you know, on many occasions, In a statement, the Department

:22:22.:22:25.

for Health says: It and NHS England

:22:26.:22:34.

also insist they are making progress in improving care and

:22:35.:22:42.

closing secure units. But not fast enough

:22:43.:22:45.

for Sir Steve Bubb, author of two He's written to the Prime Minister

:22:46.:22:49.

calling for an Independent Commissioner to speak up

:22:50.:22:54.

for people like Ian. It's scandalous and very sad the use

:22:55.:22:56.

of physical restraint, overmedication, secclusion

:22:57.:23:07.

and a serious neglect of health It's all too typical and it has

:23:08.:23:08.

led me to believe that institutional care is,

:23:09.:23:12.

at root, abusive and we must The Government says it has no

:23:13.:23:15.

plans for an Independent Ian's family want his legacy to be

:23:16.:23:20.

that in future others The head of the bank JP Morgan,

:23:21.:23:27.

one of the City's biggest employers, has told the BBC that Brexit

:23:28.:23:36.

could easily mean thousands of his In an exclusive interview,

:23:37.:23:40.

Jamie Dimon said there was no question that Europe had more cards

:23:41.:23:45.

at the negotiating table. His words come as the new French

:23:46.:23:48.

government makes a pitch for bankers to relocate to Paris,

:23:49.:23:52.

after the UK leaves the EU, as our gusiness editor,

:23:53.:23:55.

Simon Jack, reports. The Prime Minister of

:23:56.:23:58.

France today rolled out his own red white and blue carpet

:23:59.:24:04.

to the UK's finance industry. Here in Paris's financial

:24:05.:24:07.

district, there is There is a sense the UK's financial

:24:08.:24:17.

services industry has been wounded by Brexit and Paris has been

:24:18.:24:25.

the most aggressive capital of those trying to nibble away at London's

:24:26.:24:31.

dominant position in global finance. France is bending over backwards

:24:32.:24:35.

to attract an industry its former President once

:24:36.:24:39.

described as an enemy. Loose employment laws

:24:40.:24:42.

and new international schools It is a list aimed

:24:43.:24:46.

squarely at international bankers like Jamie Diamond,

:24:47.:24:55.

chief executive of JP Morgan, who employed 16,000

:24:56.:24:57.

people in the UK. He has warned thousands

:24:58.:25:00.

of those may go before Brexit and today that

:25:01.:25:02.

could just be the beginning. We're at the negotiating table and

:25:03.:25:09.

sometimes the other person has more cards. There's no question Europe

:25:10.:25:12.

has more cards to play here. You once said 4,000 jobs, you say that

:25:13.:25:17.

may well yet be true? Yes, easily, yeah. Even more? I'm hoping it's

:25:18.:25:22.

just a few hundred. Again, we hope it's none. But yes, the negotiation

:25:23.:25:28.

will determine how many. Back in London, giving evidence to the House

:25:29.:25:33.

of Lords, David Davis said the banks need for quick answers was being

:25:34.:25:40.

used for leverage by EU negotiators. Enough American banks are saying oh,

:25:41.:25:43.

we'll go to Paris. Good luck to them. Even Frankfurt, even better

:25:44.:25:48.

luck to them. They encourage the other side therefore to hold back.

:25:49.:25:52.

There's no holding back the man of the moment, though. New president

:25:53.:25:57.

Emmanuel Macron has a gnaw preach that is -- has a gnaw preach that is

:25:58.:26:02.

resonating with businesses big -- has a new approach that is

:26:03.:26:06.

resonating with businesses. We know things like Brexit or Donald Trump

:26:07.:26:09.

are factors into why they're looking to coming and work here. Obviously

:26:10.:26:12.

there's a huge Macron effect as well, with the new president. I

:26:13.:26:17.

think for once, we're starting to have a probusiness image. The French

:26:18.:26:21.

government is hoping that will make banks consider Paris less a tourist

:26:22.:26:25.

attraction and more like a permanent home. Simon Jack, BBC News, Paris.

:26:26.:26:29.

Tonight marks a month since the Grenfell Tower fire

:26:30.:26:32.

in which at least 80 people lost their lives.

:26:33.:26:35.

Police believe 255 people managed to escape the building that night.

:26:36.:26:38.

One of them was Antonio Roncolato, who lived in a flat

:26:39.:26:41.

He's been recounting the events of that night

:26:42.:26:47.

with our correspondent, Jeremy Cooke.

:26:48.:26:53.

The memories, though, are sharp, clear, fresh in the mind.

:26:54.:27:00.

For those who survived, the events of a month ago

:27:01.:27:07.

Antonio shared a flat in Grenfell Tower with his son,

:27:08.:27:14.

Christopher, who came home late that night to find the building on fire.

:27:15.:27:19.

When my son called me around 1.30am, he told, "Pappy, wake up,

:27:20.:27:24.

get dressed and get out of there because the tower is burning."

:27:25.:27:28.

The flames came down Christopher's room, on the outside.

:27:29.:27:31.

Smoke was very thick, very horrible smell,

:27:32.:27:37.

I said, there's no way I can go out there, no way.

:27:38.:27:42.

For the fire brigade, Grenfell Tower was an unprecedented challenge.

:27:43.:27:55.

Antonio knew he was in mortal danger, but he could do nothing

:27:56.:27:59.

They banged on the door very strongly.

:28:00.:28:03.

They said, follow me and we'll tell you to do.

:28:04.:28:06.

They told me to grab on his jacket in the back.

:28:07.:28:09.

We went through so synchronised with these two firemen,

:28:10.:28:11.

A lot of water coming down from above.

:28:12.:28:16.

A lot of debris, a lot of mud, water on the floor, really noisy.

:28:17.:28:22.

Hundreds did escape the tower that night.

:28:23.:28:25.

Some even filmed as they made it out, made it to safety.

:28:26.:28:30.

For Antonio, a breath of sweet, fresh air.

:28:31.:28:35.

I was out, I say, oh, my God, I said thank you,

:28:36.:28:37.

I say thank you, right and left, up and down.

:28:38.:28:41.

Then they escorted me out of the building.

:28:42.:28:43.

I had to walk a few steps to the ambulance.

:28:44.:28:45.

Then I could see a glimpse of the tower burning.

:28:46.:28:49.

Antonio escaped the chaos, still he mourns neighbours

:28:50.:28:52.

Two in particular, brother and sister, that

:28:53.:29:00.

And still, so many questions about how all of this could have

:29:01.:29:14.

happened in our capital city one month ago.

:29:15.:29:21.

The ancient network of trade routes known as the Silk Road brought goods

:29:22.:29:29.

Now China's president is resurrecting the route

:29:30.:29:35.

with a 7,500 mile railway - costing more than ?1 trillion.

:29:36.:29:39.

But is it a win for all or a bid for strategic influence?

:29:40.:29:43.

In a series of special reports this week, our China editor,

:29:44.:29:45.

Carrie Gracie, is travelling the length of China's

:29:46.:29:48.

Tonight, she continues her journey starting in Western China.

:29:49.:30:00.

This is the face of the new Silk Road.

:30:01.:30:06.

Behind the stage make-up, Buhalima is a Muslim

:30:07.:30:10.

Her people left behind by China's growth.

:30:11.:30:15.

Here in Xinjiang, the state fears radical Islam.

:30:16.:30:20.

And ethnic unrest has kept many away.

:30:21.:30:25.

TRANSLATION: Tourists I met told me they heard Xinjiang was unsafe,

:30:26.:30:29.

that they couldn't be sure to get out unharmed if they came here.

:30:30.:30:34.

Some people did some bad things and it's affected all of us.

:30:35.:30:40.

China is trying to re-write the script.

:30:41.:30:44.

At this theatre, a grand narrative of ethnic unity

:30:45.:30:47.

The wealth gap between West China and the coast, a challenge

:30:48.:30:55.

This economy is addicted to building but the coast now has as much road

:30:56.:31:07.

So China's seeking new frontiers at home and abroad.

:31:08.:31:15.

To solve economic and security problems with one blow.

:31:16.:31:22.

The Silk Road was once unimaginably remote to most Chinese.

:31:23.:31:26.

In less than a decade, China's built twice as much rail

:31:27.:31:33.

as the rest of the world combined and pushed it out to the far west,

:31:34.:31:38.

towards the fabled Silk Road oasis of Dunhuang,

:31:39.:31:43.

a magnet for the biggest tourist force in the world.

:31:44.:31:51.

One government hopes will kick start growth and stabilise the region.

:31:52.:31:54.

Heading west to troubled Xinjiang, do they fear

:31:55.:31:58.

There are people looking after our safety everywhere we go.

:31:59.:32:09.

TRANSLATION: A small group of people are causing

:32:10.:32:12.

At Xinjiang's Grand Theatre, they're spending $250 million

:32:13.:32:21.

on a Silk Road centre-piece but the more China invests,

:32:22.:32:26.

The ancient Silk Road story has moments of danger.

:32:27.:32:36.

And China's grand new narrative is fraught with peril.

:32:37.:32:44.

Deliver on the spin of opportunities for all, or forever scan the crowd

:32:45.:32:51.

And Carrie continues her journey tomorrow in Kazakhstan,

:32:52.:33:04.

where China is challenging Russia's influence.

:33:05.:33:11.

Newsnight is coming up on BBC Two. Tonight, we'll be delving deep

:33:12.:33:14.

into the Trump e-mails, the disclosure today that one

:33:15.:33:17.

Watergate prosecutor described as a smoking cannon.

:33:18.:33:21.

And we've an exclusive investigation into one work place,

:33:22.:33:24.

where staff have been paid the equivalent of one third

:33:25.:33:32.

Here on BBC One, it's time for the news where you are.

:33:33.:33:36.