08/08/2017 BBC News at Ten

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Tonight at Ten: South Africa's President Zuma narrowly


survives his latest vote of no confidence.


Celebrations outside parliament as the result of the secret


President Zuma said it showed the strength of his party.


It is powerful, it is big, it is difficult to defeat


But it's the 8th vote of no confidence he has faced in less


than a decade amid continuing allegations of corruption.


After some of his own party voted against, we'll be asking what impact


Anger at the World Championships after one of the favourites to win


the 400m is told he can't compete following an outbreak of norovirus.


Really, I was at the top of my game to come here.


I was ready to make everything possible.


President Trump has this warning for North Korea


amid reports it's miniaturised a nuclear warhead that


North Korea best not make any threats to the United States.


They will be met with fire and fury, like


A tale of two Englands, the growing divide which means


people in the North are 20% more likely to die early


# Gonna be where the lights are shining on me...


And, the Rhinestone Cowboy, country singer Glen Campbell has


And coming up in Sportsday on BBC News -


we'll have the best of the action from the European Super Cup


between Manchester United and Real Madrid.


The South African President Jacob Zuma has narrowly survived a vote


The secret ballot in parliament was the eighth vote of no confidence


It was called amid repeated allegations of corruption


After the ballot, Jacob Zuma celebrated with his supporters


and told them that the vote had confirmed the popularity of the ANC


Our South Africa correspondent Milton Nkosi reports from Cape Town.


President Jacob Zuma lives to fight another day. He's managed to hang on


after an 8th motion of no confidence in his leadership. He is certainly


on his 9th life now. Here, in a packed National Assembly, opposition


MPs began by listing a litany of corruption scandals against the


President. And urging them to cast a vote for the good of the country. I


know what Nelson Mandela would have done in this house today. Vote with


your conscience and remove this corrupt and broken President from


office. APPLAUSE


I plead you, let us put the people of South Africa first. And vote to


remove Jacob Zuma today. I thank you. For the first time, it was a


secret ballot, specifically requested by the opposition with the


aim of protecting ANC MPs who wanted to vote against their own party's


wishes. The yes, 177. APPLAUSE AND CHEERING


The no, 198. A narrow victory for President Zuma, the party's leaders


were relieved. We have defeated this motion and to us that is the most


important aspect. Other issues of course within the African National


Congress, there are many issues we need to do. This was the most recent


attempt to oust the 75-year-old. He has been accused of spending public


funds in controversial security upgrades to his private residence.


This vote was perhaps the biggest sign of Zuma's fading support within


his own party. It's believed around 40 ANC MPs voted against him,


leaving opposition leaders encouraged. It was a close vote. I


believe that the unity of the opposition showed today that we can


collaborate and show the people of this country that we are willing to


work together, we are going to continue this fight. President Zuma


has been in power for close to a decade now. But the country remains


divided and the country is at another crossroads. He plans to step


down as leader of the ANC in December, but with political


tensions running high, it's unclear whether he can remain President of


the country until the 2019 elections.


So the 8th vote of no confidence in eight years, how significant was the


result for him tonight? This was very significant because President


Zuma was literally fighting people from within his party. Remember,


that the ANC has always been a solid bloc, taking on the opposition and


it enjoys a huge majority in parliament. The members of Assembly


have a total of 400, the ANC has about 249 and total of all the


opposition parties put together come up to 151. So it means that a good


chunk of the ANC MPs voted against their party's wishes. This simply


means that it's going to be a long road for President Jacob Zuma as he


limps towards December when he steps down as leader of the African


National Congress. His preferred successor is his former wife but


some in the party want his current deputy President to take over from


him. So it's not an easy victory for him, he will celebrate, but not for


too long. Thank you.


President Trump has warned North Korea that it will be met


with "fire and fury like the world has never seen" - if it threatens


It comes after reports that North Korea has successfully


miniaturised a nuclear warhead to fit it onto a missile.


Last month, the isolated communist state successfully tested two


missiles with intercontinental range for the first time.


This was Donald Trump's warning this evening.


North Korea best not make any more threats to the United States.


They will be met with fire and fury like the world has never seen.


He has been very threatening beyond a normal state,


and as I said they will be met with the fire and fury and, frankly,


power, the likes of which this world has never seen before.


Let's speak to Nick Bryant, who's in Washington.


Certainly strong words from the President, but what does it amount


to? American Presidents often reserve strongest words for North


Korea. George Bush describing them as part of the ax circumstances of


evil. This is a rear toical escalation, fire and fury it's


retorical, shock and awe and begs the question how does that tough


talk translate into policy? Especially at a time when the US


Secretary of State has been in the region and used much more


concilliatory language, talked about the possibility of negotiations with


North Korea... Apologies for that, we will have to leave that because


of the interfence on the line. We will go on with the next report.


There's a growing health divide between the North


and South of England, with people in the north 20% more


Researchers at the University of Manchester said the study


of death records revealed a "tale of two Englands,


there were 1.2 million more premature deaths in the North -


In 2015, among 35-44 year-olds there were 49% more deaths


And among the younger age group of 25-34 year-olds,


Our health editor Hugh Pym has been examining


They're calling it a tale of two Englands,


The authors of a new study say they've highlighted for the first


time a higher death rate in the North amongst a younger


section of the population, more people are dying earlier.


I discussed the issue with Professor Iain Buchan,


one of the report authors, a local GP, Dr Brian Hope


from Salford, and Dave Bagley from Bolton who runs a charity


So the differences between north and south are profoundly social


and economic and that is most probably why we've seen the North


left behind with the improving public health in the wake


of increasing prosperity in the South.


The others agree the economic background is crucial,


What does it feel like to be in those poor areas where you know


you're never going to participate, that's the thing that's changed,


people know they're not going to participate in that.


Whereas I grew up in a poor area, and I knew I had


But aspirations in themselves cost money in a way because actually


This research demonstrates that without that investment,


without that structural change that comes with investment that people


live with a lesser degree of hope for the future.


All of this, says the GP, means an acceptance of poor health


We expect to be overweight, we expect to smoke.


We expect to struggle from one job to the next.


So life is very, very stressful and I think some of those other


behaviours come as a consequence of that but what we have to do


is make the best of a situation often by prescribing medication


and often by picking up the pieces by sorting out their heart disease,


their diabetes and what have you, so none of this - I am alarmed


by this research but I am not surprised by it.


They paint a gloomy picture but are there grounds for optimism?


There is hope and I think people to some degree


when they realise actually, you know what, no one else is out


there to give me a lift now, I have to somehow find some


Sometimes that does generate in itself a regeneration and I think


where local authorities have got a vision for the future actually


some of that is aspirational as well as factual and that does


A Government spokeswoman said action was being taken to address the root


social causes of health inequalities and the north-west of England


on the long-running debate on the north/south divide.


A brief look at some of the day's other news stories.


A man from Bury has been convicted of attempting to take a pipe bomb


The device was found in Nadeem Muhammad's luggage.


He was initially allowed to continue his journey before


police realised a week a later that the device was viable.


Norfolk Police are running extra patrols in the village


of East Harling after an 83-year-old man was murdered while walking his


The father of two - who hasn't been named -


died from stab wounds to his head and neck.


Police have asked people living nearby to check their bins


as they continue to search for the murder weapon.


The Justice Secretary has approved the transfer to an open prison


Noye, who's 70, was given a life sentence in 2000,


for murdering Stephen Cameron in a road rage attack on the M25.


The move follows a recommendation by the Parole Board.


Police have appealed for information after a jogger appeared to push


a woman into the path of a bus on a bridge in London.


CCTV footage shows the man running across Putney Bridge in south-west


London and knocking over the 33-year-old woman.


The bus driver had to swerve to avoid her.


Back to the world athletics and the 400 metres has taken place


in the last half an hour without one of the favourites Isaac Makwala.


Around 30 athletes and support staff have been connected. Here is our


sports editor. He's one of the world's leading


sprinters and the highest profile victim yet of the vomiting bug that


has hit athletics World Despite insisting he was fit


to race into night's 400 metres final, Botswana's Isaac


Makwala was refused access from the London stadium and


forced to withdraw. This morning, having already been


ruled out of the 200 metres against his will,


he told the BBC he was devastated. I worked hard for this and it is sad


for me because I was top I was ready to make


everything possible. Tonight, the athlete


at the centre of the storm made an impassioned plea


to participate, tweeting, "It's like the whole world is


making noise for me. I just want to hear that gun go


and I setting off the blocks. Governing body the IAAF insist


Makwala has an infectious disease and that regulations mean he


has to be quarantined for 48 hours but the Botswana team


say their athlete has not We respect the decision if it is


based on public health issues. However, it is the manner in


which this decision was arrived at This man has been approached


in dribs and drabs. Makwala is one of 30 athletes


and support staff reporting illness after a suspected outbreak of


the highly contagious vomiting bug, norovirus at this central


London team hotel. Irishman Thomas Barr's World


Championship is over, the hurdler also in quarantine with


German and Canadian athletes badly The team doctors have been


incredibly proactive. People are coming up


to us and giving us hand sanitiser and everyone


is being separated, quarantined In a statement today,


the hotel said that following a joint investigation with public


health authorities, it had been discovered that the source


of the illness was not here and that strict hygiene protocols had now


been put World Championship organisers,


meanwhile, say they are In any event, when you have


20,000 people minimum that we have accredited,


coming from every corner possibility someone might come


in with a bug and we think that is There have been all


of stuff around, is it food poisoning and all the medical


experts, public health have This evening, the


majority of athletes continue their preparations


unaffected but for others, the Dan Roan, BBC News,


the London stadium. Tomorrow marks the tenth


of the biggest financial crash since the Great Depression.


it all began when a French bank flagged problems in the United


States mortgage market. It lead to the collapse of one


of America's biggest banks, Lehman Brothers, and here in the UK


to the nationalisation of Northern As our business editor


Simon Jack explains, for many, the tenth anniversary of the crash


marks a lost decade. The collapse of US investment bank


Lehman Brothers saw workers take home their careers in boxes. The


first UK bank run in 140th saw queues outside Northern Rock and a


bailout for RBS, which had grown to be the biggest bank in the world.


The number of homes going into foreclosure is stunning. It all


started when a French bank admitted it did not know whether its


investment in US property were worth anything. What started as a


financial trader's Caddick caused an epidemic we are still recovering


from today. The crisis ripped an enormous hole in the nation's


finances as a sharp downturn in the economy led to sharp downturn in


government tax receipts, by 2010 at the government was having to borrow


everyone that -- borrow ?1 in every four expect and although the extra


it is borrowing each year started to fall, the total debt pile continues


to rise and now stands at nearly 90% of total national income, a whopping


?1.7 trillion. Because the economy has been doing so badly and because


we started off at such a high level of borrowing, the government has


been having to reduce spending and increase taxes to close the gap. All


of the pain we have had in the last several years has just about got


public spending back to where it was before the recession. Those tremors


in seemingly distant financial institutions soon turned into a


full-blown economic earthquake and the shock waves spread out to affect


the lives of just about every citizen. It did not take long for


that national financial stress to show up locally as the government


tried desperately to cut spending. Hundreds of libraries had to close.


This one was handed to the local community and it needs to be self


financing within the year. Things like parks, museums, child care,


care for the elderly, all felt the squeeze. In fact, local authority


spending has fallen 25% in real terms since the crisis. The pressure


has not just been on services but on pocket as well. Pay in the public


and private sector has stalled. I work in the NHS so I haven't had


anything resembling a decent pay rise in about nine or ten years. I


work in a hairdressers and I've noticed people spread out their


appointments more than they used to, they used to be every six weeks and


now they are every eight or nine. You can't save anything now because


the interest rates are so low, you don't get any money back. I suppose


pastorally I can't grumble because my earnings have gone up since then.


Over ten years, you would expect to be getting better off but in fact


wages have gone nowhere. For every ?100 workers were making in 2007,


they are now making less than ?98 so workers are ?2.20, or a posh coffee


down, on an entire decade. Let me give you an idea of how often that


happens. Real income growth has not been this week in this country since


the middle of the 19th century. Events that started in the City of


London a decade ago still being felt nationally, locally and personally.


The last ten years have been unique and not in a good way. Simon Jack,


BBC News. Votes are being counted


in Kenya's general election, which is being seen as too


close to call. The contest has pitted


President Uhuru Kenyatta against his long-standing


rival Raila Odinga. There have been long


queues at polling stations across the country


and voting hours were The election has been peaceful,


but there are fears the result Alastair Leithead


reports from Nairobi. His report contains


flash photography. It's one of Africa's biggest


elections, in one of its most Millions turned out to elect


a new president, with more riding on how it is won rather


than who actually wins it. Opposition leader Raila Odinga has


used the glare of publicity to question the whole process,


claiming he has been robbed of the presidency before


and he won't let it happen again. Incumbent president Uhuru Kenyatta


is chasing a second and final term. He is the son of the country's first


president and has the resources My competitors, as I have always


said, in the event that they lose, let us accept the will


of the people. I am willing myself to accept


the will of the people so to them, Let us come together.


Let us pull this country together. Ten years ago, Kenya tore


itself apart as elections At least 1200 people died.


The wounds are still open. Mr Uhuru Kenyatta is


criminally responsible... It led Kenyatta and his deputy


to The Hague on International Criminal Court charges of inciting


violence which were Nobody wants a repeat of that


violence but that is up In order for this election to be


successful and peaceful, people have to have trust


in the system, to consider it to have been free and fair,


particularly in the opposition strongholds that are


the biggest slums in Nairobi. And if it is really close,


how people will react will depend on how gracious the loser


is in defeat. Fingerprints matching voters


to the electoral roll. It slowed the process down


and led to long lines Before the poll, the election


commission's head of technology appeared on TV, reassuring people


that his system could not be rigged. But when his tortured and strangled


body was found a week ago, When the polling stations closed,


it was with relief that We appreciate it is


a peaceful election. The system this time has been much


better than last time. The voting is very


fast, as you can see. But the big test will come


if the result is close The opposition has threatened


to call its supporters out on the streets, and that


could lead to violence. Alastair Leithead,


BBC News, Nairobi. Back to the world athletics


and the 400 metres has taken place in the last half an hour without one


of the favourites, Isaac Makwala. It was won by the World and Olympic


champion South Africa's Wayde van Beside the empty lane of his


stricken Challenger, the champion. Wayde van Niekerk is a 400 metres


phenomenon and in the absence of Isaac Makwala com his closest rival,


surely this would be a stroll? After all, he smashed the world record at


last year's Olympics and the man tipped to replace Usain Bolt as the


sport's figurehead produced a suitably commanding display. He is


starting to look for the line, Wayde van Niekerk, the world champion


again. No record this time but he is chasing a double here, in the 200


metres as well and on this evidence, he will take some stopping. For the


thousands of fans here, there has not been much British success to


cheer at these championships and denied their hopes rest on a 21 year


rolled in his first major finals. Kyle Langford's parents run a chip


shop in Watford. Fast food, fast feet, as he ran the race of his


life. Watch him come charging through. Could he snatch a medal?


Langford is still coming. Oh! And agonising fourth by Emmy as the


Redwood 04 seconds, so close but what a run. -- by a mere 0.04


seconds. Gutted, to be honest, hard being so close to the medals but I


have proved on the world stage, fourth in the world and I'm only 21,


so hopefully down the years to come, you will see me taking over from Mo


Farah. Elsewhere, and encouraging run from Dina Asher-Smith in the


women's 200 metres, fifth at last year's Olympics but first in her


heat, even the mascot seemed impressed. British captain Ailey


Doyle is through to the hurdles final, albeit only just, finishing


third in her semifinal. As for so many of her team, these


championships are proving hard work. Andy Swiss, BBC News, the London


Stadium. And Dan Roan is in the stadium.


Another rather difficult stay in London. That's right, no shortage of


controversy, this dispute between Isaac Makwala and the Botswana team


and the IAAF, the sport's governing body, is looking increasingly bitter


and increasingly unseemly and embarrassing as well. There will be


questions over whether it could have been handled somewhat differently.


It's not the organisers' fault there's been an outbreak of illness,


it is one of the hazards of staging big, global sports events but only


in the last few minutes have the IAAF released a statement confirming


this confusing situation, saying they are sorry about Isaac Makwala's


bait but they have no choice but to prevent him from running because


they have to look after the best interest of the other athletes and


contain the illness but it has denied the championships is one of


the most eagerly anticipated duels between the newly crowned 400 metres


champion, Wayde van Niekerk, and Isaac Makwala. When you consider the


other controversy we have already seen, Justin Gatlin raining on Usain


Bolt's parade, other high profile injury withdrawals like Greg


Rutherford and David Rudisha, as I say, the championships have not been


without talking points. On the other hand, halfway through, there is a


fantastic atmosphere in the stadium and record ticket sales. It has done


very well in terms of TV figures and the security and logistics have all


gone to plan. One of the other disappointments perhaps is British


fortunes. Just one medal after five days of action and people will


perhaps start to wonder where the next medal is coming from even


though Mo Farah is going at the weekend again. On top of that, the


organisers have to think about how to contain this outbreak of illness.


Dan Roan, there. Thank you. The American country music


star Glen Campbell has He was best known for hits


including Rhinestone Cowboy His family said he died


after a "long and courageous battle" David Sillito looks


back at his life. Wichita Lineman, it's wide open


spaces, yearning, loneliness, But what truly made it a masterpiece


was the voice of Glen Campbell. He had been born in Billstown,


Arkansas, a large poor His escape was his uncle Boo


who taught him to play guitar. I don't remember not having a guitar


or a musical instrument in my hand. And then dad bought a guitar


for $5.95, it was one where the cowboy was up


here and the rope went around the hole in the guitar and the lasso


on the calf this end and the string But I found out real quick


that it was lighter than pulling # You just said baby, how I love


you... He could play anything and ended up singing on TV shows and on


hundreds of singles with the session musicians, the Wrecking Crew, Phil


Specter, the righteous Brothers, it was Glenn Campbell on guitar. And


eventually... A breakthrough hit of his own.


# Rivers flowing Gentle on my mind. But it was the partnership with


songwriter Jimmy Webb that gave him a career defining songs, By The Time


We Get To Phoenix, Galveston, Wichita Lineman. Clean cut,


Conservative, he was suddenly country music's bigger star, with


his own TV show. # Someone I've needed so long...


# But I'm going to be where the lights are shining on me...


Rhinestone Cowboy was a glorious return to form after a dip in


fortunes that had taken place in the 70s. But his personal life was far


from glorious. # The heartbreak boy,... I think I


probably just quit letting God run my life and I actually just got into


the drugs and the blues pretty heavy.


# I am a lineman for the county, and I... What? Drive the main road. That


slight stumble over the words was the beginning of Alzheimer's.


# And the Wichita Lineman... He long put his wild days behind him but


memories were fading. What stayed with him when so much else had gone


was the music. The songs of Glenn Campbell.


The singer Glen Campbell, who's died at the age of 81.


Here is Evan. Tonight we are delving into the


North-South divide on death rates with the world expert on health


inequality. Is it something government can do anything about?


Join me now on BBC Two. on BBC One, it's time


for the news where you are.