09/08/2017 BBC News at Ten

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Tonight at Ten, a child sex network in Newcastle -


18 people are convicted of abusing young girls and women.


The men and one woman groomed, drugged and raped vulnerable


girls as young as 14 over a four year period.


No-one should underestimate the trauma that these young


girls have gone through, but undoubtedly they have


made our communities safer places by their actions.


But controversy, as it emerges that police paid a convicted child rapist


thousands to act as an informer and expose the network.


There are dangerous men behind bars and vulnerable people protected,


that would not have been the case if we had not used that.


The convictions are part of a wider investigation into grooming


which could involve hundreds more victims and perpetrators.


A fresh warning from President Trump to North Korea -


he says America's nuclear arsenal is now far stronger and more


Former Chief Constable Sir Norman Bettison appears in court with four


others on charges related to the Hillsborough disaster


Trying to find a cure for type one diabetes -


new hope after first trials of a pioneering new therapy that


On his own against the clock. Athletics at its best in that sense.


And bizarre scenes at the World Championships,


as Botswana's star sprinter - barred yesterday by illness -


And coming up in Sportsday on BBC News,


we will have all the details from the World


Athletics Championships, including Sir Mo Farah's race in the


17 men and a woman who groomed girls and young women for sex in Newcastle


have been convicted of crimes including rape, trafficking and


Newcastle Crown Court heard that vulnerable girls,


one as young as 14, were exploited by an "organised,


cynical organisation" and passed between abusers.


The convictions took place over a four year period.


Its also emerged that Northumbria Police paid ?10,000


to a convicted child rapist for information that helped


Guilty of causing girls and women serious harm.


Caught as part of Operation Sanctuary, one of the


biggest sexual exploitation investigations


Almost 100 perpetrators have now been convicted.


One 17-year-old was raped at a party session organised by local men.


The wardrobe was pushed against the door.


Her police interview was played by the court.


To protect her identity, we have asked actors


He had had six with us while I was asleep.


Still now, I'm a bit confused about it.


How did you feel when he told you he done that to you?


How many sessions would you say you have been to?


It is in houses like these where the sessions took place.


Victims were given drink and drugs and could not defend


But in 2013, two of them came forward.


One had been trafficked from a children's home.


It started a long and complex investigation.


Controversially, officers recruited a convicted child


It's not an easy decision, and I'm not going to sit


here and suggest for one moment it was.


It's a decision that we've had to wrestle


But I can categorically state sitting here


today, that there are dangerous men behind bars now and vulnerable


That would not have been the case had we not used


that informant, and it's in that context that you have to view


A charity that campaigns against child abuse says such an


offender should never have been put out in the field.


It beggars belief, frankly, the decision to cross this child


protection line really by employing a child rapist.


In all other aspects it seems to us at the NSPCC that a very good job


was done by Northumbria police, except this very, very concerning


situation, where they used and deployed and paid a child rapist.


Most of the perpetrators were from Pakistani,


This city councillor says leaders from all faiths could


re-educate some local men to stop similar exploitation in the future.


People should not be telling the Asian community how


to live their lives and what to do. It's quite important.


This is like saying to the white community that we should be talking


about what Jimmy Savile did. We should not do that.


However, there is a huge opportunity to talk about


these issues on a regular basis, of rights of women, and I think it's


important to use religion, particularly Islam, to educate some


What happened on these streets is now the subject of


But the council chief executive says it is


not the only authority with problems of this kind.


We do not believe that what we have uncovered in Newcastle is unique.


Indeed there has been evidence of similar offending in


We believe that any area that says it


does not have a problem is simply not looking for it.


For the victims they harmed, it has been a long and


But the evidence they gave has helped to jail four of


The rest are due to be sentenced next month.


Our home editor, Mark Easton, is here.


The controversy is over the police paying this convicted offender to


help them expose the network. How unusual is it? The police have long


been paying informants. It has always been controversial but they


have always done it because they believe if you can get the prize --


convictions, the ends justify the means. In the last five years, UK


police have paid ?22 million to criminal informants. It is not rare.


This case has an additional moral dilemma. Is it justifiable to put a


convicted rapist in proximity to young women who are being groomed


for six Khan police argue yes. They say that was the only way they were


going to smash this gang. I think it is indicative of a new determination


among police and prosecutors to do whatever it takes to deal with the


scandal of gangs, of predominantly Asian men, sexually exploiting


predominantly young white women and girls. There have been dozens of


these cases now. Rochdale, Oxford, Derby, Cardiff, Oldham, barking,


Ipswich, Manchester, Telford... The list goes on. Having been criticised


for not doing enough, particularly in concerns about political


correctness, police forces have become much more proactive. Officers


are routinely briefed on what to look for, the types of abuse, the


different locations, the likely victims. Prosecutors are advised to


think hard about the victims. Often these are very vulnerable people who


may be in trouble with the police themselves, they may distrust


authority, they may have become so controlled by their abusers that


they don't recognise they are being abused. New guidance tells


prosecutors to focus less on the credibility of the victim and more


on the credibility of the allegation. And today's convictions


may be seen by some as a sign that that new approach is paying off.


Mark Easton, thank you. President Trump has issued another


warning to North Korea telling the country's leader that America's


nuclear arsenal is "more He was responding to a warning


from North Korea that it was considering firing missiles


at the US Pacific territory of Guam. The US Defense Secretary also issued


a warning to Pyongyang, saying North Korea should stop any actions


that would lead to the "end of its regime and the destruction


of its people". Our North America correspondent,


Nick Bryant, reports. A far-off American outpost in


the tropical waters of the Western Pacific now finds itself at


the centre of a dangerous stand-off. This is Guam, the site this summer


of US military exercises. American territory, that


North Korea says could now From North Korean state TV came


this chilling headline. That Guam could be targeted


by medium to long range rockets. And it came just hours


after President Trump threatened Pyongyang with some of the most


incendiary rhetoric used by a US The words improvised,


the tone agreed upon North Korea best not


make any more threats to They will be met with fire


and fury like the world More tough talk on


Twitter this morning. "My first order as President


was to renovate and It is now far stronger


and more powerful Hopefully we will never have


to use this power, but there will never be a time


when we are not the most powerful On a refuelling spot in Guam,


the US Secretary of State, Rex Tillerson, used more


soothing language. The island faced no


imminent threat, he said. And Americans shouldn't


lose any sleep. What the President is doing


is sending a strong message to North Korea in language that


Kim Jong-un would understand, because he doesn't seem


to understand diplomatic language. This small island is more than 2000


miles away from Pyongyang, but well within range


of its missiles. With two military bases


it is a strategic military hub for America in the Pacific


and home to 160,000 people. I guess the first thing


that comes to mind is, immediately first,


where is my family? To come up with a plan


if anything happens. I think the response


that President Trump as Past administrations have just


let it slide and kick the can down the road,


so now North Korea feels Donald Trump has vowed that he will


be the President to deal decisively With the rhetoric already


at such a perilous pitch, there is the danger that both sides


become captive to That they talk themselves


into a more serious Our correspondent,


Rupert Wingfield-Hayes, Given the threat, what is the mood?


There is clearly a deep concern here in Guam because the threat against


gram made by the North Koreans was very specific and very detailed, and


that has never happened before. There is also a sense that it is a


rhetorical threat, that if North Korea really ever did fire missiles


at this island, it would be suicidal for the North Korean regime. Why do


it? Firstly, as Nick said in his report, this is a very juicy target


for the North Koreans, strategically important to the United States.


There are two huge military bases, a big airbase behind me and a naval


base as well. This is also a psychological battle. So after


President Trump made those remarks about fire and fury, this is North


Korea firing back, saying, you threaten us, we can threaten you in


the same way. Our threats are realistic, you must take's seriously


and we will not be intimidated. Across this region, particularly in


South Korea and Japan, there is a feeling that the way President Trump


talks about North Korea in these on scripted remarks is not the way to


deal with Pyongyang. Rob Wood -- and Q.


Tensions have been rising in the region since North Korea


carried out two nuclear bomb tests last year and two intercontinental


So with America and North Korea locked in an extraordinary standoff.


what are the options for resolving the crisis?


Our diplomatic correspondent, James Robbins, reports.


Behind the fiery rhetoric from the two leaders, has the threat


Recent tests suggest the country is much closer to being able


to launch a long-range missile carrying a nuclear warhead, as far


The North Korean regime and Kim Jong-un wants nuclear weapons


because it believes they are the ultimate


No one is going to risk attacking you once


But already North Korea has massive non-nuclear firepower.


Its artillery placed Seoul, South Korea's capital,


We're not looking at an immediate nuclear war


But we should also be aware of the opportunities


for miscalculation and escalation that could lead to nuclear use.


So what should be the international response to


Well, years of talks failed to persuade North Korea to give up


its nuclear ambitions, and now it's refusing dialogue.


Past carrots, including support for a weak


And the stick of limited sanctions, well, that


The new response is more severe economic pressure.


It is now backed by the United Nations, including the US,


Although China has yet to show how far it really will go.


It leaves the grimmest option of all, American military action.


President Trump's comments this week only increase North Korea's paranoia


about the threat from the United States, and it's not


going to change North Korea's current course of action.


We need to get on the road towards dialogue with the North, as


difficult as that is, to decrease tensions and find


How should world leaders try to balance all the risks?


Is it an acceptable risks to allow the


regime to get its nuclear weapons, and then rely on them being


rational, like other nuclear weapon states,


The answer to that depends on getting


But he is harder to read than say, the old Soviet Union.


With the Soviet Union, we had some reasonable visibility


into the system. We don't have that with North Korea.


And so, although we can hope and assume that Kim


Jong-un is rational enough and sensible enough to understand


that any misadventure would attract a lot of retaliation,


very few people from the outside have actually met him.


It is because the really tough questions


are so hard to answer with any certainty,


that the crisis with North Korea is very serious.


Five men have appeared in court charged in connection


with the Hillsborough tragedy and its aftermath.


96 Liverpool fans died as a result of a crush at the FA Cup


Three of the men who appeared in court today


From Warrington, Judith Moritz reports.


Many of the families who lost loved ones at Hillsborough have become


Today, they were together again at court to see those charged


in connection with the disaster and its aftermath.


Sir Norman Bettison has served as the Chief Constable


The families stood outside the Magistrates' Court building


Graham Mackrell was company secretary and safety officer


at Sheffield Wednesday Football Club in 1989.


96 Liverpool fans died as a result of a crush at the Hillsborough


ground when the terraces became overcrowded during


Now, nearly three decades later, prosecutions are under way.


Mr Mackrell is charged with breaching both health


and safety and safety at sport ground legislation.


Two senior police officers, Donald Denton and Alan Foster


and a solicitor, Peter Metcalf, are accused of perverting the course


of justice by amending witness statements in the wake


Sir Norman Bettison is charged with misconduct in a public office,


accused of telling lies about his involvement


in the aftermath of Hillsborough and the culpability of fans.


The five men sat in a row inside the glass walled dock


of the court, they all indicated that they deny the charges


The match commander, former Chief Superintendent David Duckenfield,


faces the most serious charges, 95 counts of gross


He didn't have to appear in court today as before proceedings


Prosecutors must apply to lift an existing court order. The MEP were


all released on bail. They will appear at Preston Crown Court next


month. A brief look at some


of the day's other news stories. The number of tip-offs made


by the public to the Government's anti-terrorism scheme, Prevent,


has doubled in the last four months, around the time of the Manchester


and London terror attacks. Police received some 200 referrals


between April and July, compared to about 100


in the four months before. Figures released by


the European Commission, after a court battle,


show that its 28 Commissioners spent almost half a million euros


on official travel in the first two European Commission President Jean


Claude Juncker spent more than ?22,000 on a private plane


to take nine people to Rome. The Commission said the spending


was within the EU's rules. The family of an 83-year-old dog


walker, stabbed to death in Norfolk, have described him as a "lovely,


gentle man, who was immensely kind." Peter Wrighton's body was found


on Saturday, three miles Police say they've received over 100


calls in connection with the attack Two months after the Grenfell Tower


fire in West London, officials say hundreds of people,


including large numbers children, are in need of mental health support


to deal with the trauma An estimated 80 people


were killed in the fire in June and the Metropolitan Police believe


that there were around Our special correspondent,


Lucy Manning, has been talking to one woman who lost five members


of her family in the blaze. # You've got the words


to change a nation # You've spent a lifetime


stuck in silence # Afraid you'll say


something wrong #. She could certainly sing,


12-year-old Firdaws Hashim, # You've got a heart


as loud as lightning Her voice would be silenced


by the Grenfell fire. Her aunt watches with tears the home


videos she has shared. Little Yaqub, full of life,


inside the Grenfell flat where he would die with his sister


Firdaws, his brother, mum and dad. Six-year-old Yaqub,


Firdaws and 13-year-old Yahya loved to dance,


their aunt wanted to Firdaws, you were the most


intelligent, wise... You were so talented,


but still so kind and humble. Yahya, my most kind, handsome,


pure hearted, sweet nephew. You would have been a pride


to Islam and humanity. Yaqub, he was a very


energetic, lively boy. Assema wants to bury the family


together but, eight weeks on, Waiting this long for them to be


identified and to bury them and have some type of closure,


that is tormenting everybody. Two months on and those


connected to Grenfell The BBC has learnt more than 500


people have been referred for mental health assessments,


nearly 100 of them children. usually you have a support network


that will help you get through these times,


but a lot of these people that you would normal rely


on are in the same trouble And with only 14 Grenfell families


rehoused, the council leader still can't offer all the relief


of long-term housing. How long will it be until all these


families are permanently rehoused? Well, it's quite difficult


to answer that question, We're doing it as absolutely


as quickly as we can. The judge leading the Grenfell


inquiry will write to the Prime Minister this week


to explain what it will cover. The family of these children


want the inquiry to look at not just how they died,


but why the fire burned for so long, A man suspected of attacking


soldiers on patrol in a suburb of Paris, has been arrested


after a dramatic car chase along Six soldiers were injured when a car


was driven at them at speed, in what is being treated


as an act of terrorism. The suspect got away,


but officers later fired on a BMW to bring it to a halt and took


the driver into custody. Officials in the US have confirmed


that the home of President Trump's former campaign manager was raided


by the FBI last month. Agents seized documents and other


materials from a property The raid was part of


the investigation into possible collusion between the Trump campaign


and Russia ahead of the 2016 The English football Premier League


season gets under way on friday. Spending by clubs is expected


to exceed ?1 billion for the first time ever this summer,


but the league's chief executive says he doesn't expect to see clubs


reach anything like the ?200 million paid by French side Paris St Germain


for the Brazilian player Neymar. It's back, with the help of some


famous footballing faces, the Premier League launched


the countdown to the start Amid the usual hype,


all the talk on the lengths clubs are going to in


the pursuit of glory. Champions Chelsea have invested


?125 million on players this summer, even their manager is surprised


by the amounts being spent. The money is incredible,


but it's very important to try to improve our squad


and our quality because win one more competition and we needed to prove


that the club knows very well, which is my opinion,


my ideas about this issue. These are just some of the big-money


signings Premier League clubs have splashed out on this summer,


with a total of more For the first time,


the Premier League season will kick off on a Friday night,


here at the Emirates, when Arsenal take on Leicester City,


but with the transfer window open until the end of the month,


the spending spree is set to continue in a way never seen


before, and some are concerned. We sit back and go -


wow, what's next? And that's the problem,


what is next? In terms of how football


finance is evolving, it's clear that the top seven clubs


are spending more money on bigger transfer fees and that's having


a serious effect in terms it's clear that the top seven clubs


are spending more money on bigger transfer fees and that's having


a serious effect in terms of the financial dynamics


of the Premier League. The top seven clubs as a group,


their economic performance is deteriorating at a faster rate


than the remaining 13. Gary and Alan, like the rest of us,


looking forward to a new season, 25 years ago, in the first Match of


the Day of the Premier League era. Since then, ever more lucrative live


broadcast rights deals have transformed clubs spending power,


but will it continue? When the Premier League started


in 1992, where it was with our tour neighbour and where it is now,


?40 million then, ?3 billion now. If you compound that growth,


you can't see the next 25 years What I can see though is still some


reasonably sustainable growth which will allow the teams


to continue to grow I don't think, as I say,


the thing is out of control. With newly-promoted clubs alongside


some familiar faces, the Premier League's all set


for its latest chapter. The challenge - to maintain


the drama and the interest that's made its first quarter


of a century so lucrative. The UK has one of the highest rates


of type 1 diabetes in the world with 400,000 people currently living


with the condition. At the moment it's incurable,


but now trials of a pioneering therapy are being carried out


to try to slow the advance And initial results show


the treatment, a form of immunotherapy, is safe and can be


used in wider trials. It's hoped it could one


day lead to a cure. Here's our health


correspondent, Dominic Hughes. Two years ago, Alex Rowlandson's


life took an unexpected turn. She was diagnosed with type 1


diabetes, one of hundreds of thousands of people who develop


the condition in the UK. But then she was offered


the chance to take part The results of which now


show real promise. More optimistic knowing


that the study is going well and that they can use that


to find further treatments. Even if it doesn't help me myself


and it might help other people in the future,


it's just good to know that Last year, Alex was one


of 27 volunteers who, over a six-month period,


underwent a course of The aim, to stop her diabetes


by tapping into the immune system's Type 1 diabetes is caused


when the immune system mistakenly attacks specialist beta cells


in the pancreas which produce insulin, the hormone


which regulates blood sugar levels. The injections contain


protein fragments designed to retrain the immune system,


so that rather than attacking The early results from this latest


trial demonstrated the therapy was safe and showed signs


of slowing the disease. I think it's exciting that we have


been able to change the immune system in patients using this


approach, but it's very early days and we need to know how that


translates into benefit for patients This is the first time this


particular technique of trying to train the immune system to slow


the advance of type 1 diabetes has It's a very small step


in what will be a very long process. But the fact that it's


safe and seems to have helped the immune system,


well that is a big step forward. There's currently no cure


for a condition that, if not carefully managed,


can have life-changing consequences. For reasons that aren't entirely


clear, the number of people who, like Alex, are having their lives


turned upside down after developing Immunotherapy has begun to transform


the treatment of other England's women began the defence


of their Rugby World Cup title in style today,


as this year's tournament England beat Spain 56-5


in Dublin, with four tries But there was no dream start


for Wales, they lost to the All Blacks by more


than 30 points. Hosts Ireland beat Australia


in a tight match, winning by 19-17. There were bizarre scenes


at the World Athletics Championships in London this evening as Botswana's


star sprinter, banned from the stadium yesterday


after a norovirus outbreak, was allowed back for a solo


200 metre time trial. Isaac Makwala, forced to withdraw


from last night's 400 metres final because he was still formally


in quarantine, was tonight allowed Our sports correspondent,


Andy Swiss, reports. For Isaac Makwala,


a remarkable day in his He began it quarantined in his hotel


and barred from competing, He said the athletics authorities


had sabotaged his hopes. Something fishy they


don't want to tell us. The Iaaf insisted such


claims were absurd. Come the afternoon,


a dramatic twist. Isaac Makwala heading to the stadium


having been told his quarantine had finished and he could race his 200


metres heat, some 48 And so, in appalling


conditions for sprinting, Makwala against the clock, he needed


20.53 to make it to the semis, and with the crowd willing him on,


it was never in doubt. That is a message to the Iaaf,


to say I am fit and healthy. Even his rival could


only watch and applaud. What a run that was,


under the most testing circumstances, after everything


he has been through. Isaac Makwala is through


to the semi-finals. Which meant barely two


hours later, he was back. The new fan favourite -


but if Makwala was tired, From the inside lane,


he summoned his strength, What a performance


from Isaac Makwala! Afterwards, he thanked


the authorities for his chance, but said it was the crowd


that inspired him. I wish to thank the Iaaf


to give me another chance, They led me to believe,


I just want to thank this crowd. And so a man who couldn't even visit


the stadium this morning What began as a personal


nightmare, just might What a story would be if he could


win that 200 meters final tomorrow. Among his rivals will be South


Africa's athlete and Mitchell Blake who qualified. It was a good night


for M mow Farah. He is safely through to the final of the 500


meters. He finished second in his heat. That final takes place on


Saturday for Sir Mo Farah it will round off his final. Track


championships with another title, Sophie. Andy, thank you.


And on Newsnight, no-one can forget our MPs' expenses scandal,


well there are some details of EU Commission expenses out today.