06/09/2017 BBC News at Ten

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Tonight at Ten, business leaders voice deep concern


at plans to restrict EU migration after Brexit.


The plans, still in draft form, would apply to low-skilled EU


workers, with firms told to give preference to British people.


Overall, immigration has been good for the UK,


but what people want to see is control of that immigration.


But the response to the leaked Home Office document in the business


world has been mainly negative, with warnings of economic damage.


Nationally, you know, coastal resorts struggle to recruit.


So recruiting from the European market is really important to us.


And tonight, further signs of business concern


about the government's Brexit approach.


One of the most powerful hurricanes ever recorded is destroying houses


and flooding islands in the Caribbean.


A report on the growing humanitarian crisis as Rohingya Muslims flee


the violence in their native Myanmar.


You can see what a dangerous voyage it has been for them.


The boat is listing dangerously on its side.


The world's highest-paid actress, Jennifer Lawrence, talks to us


about the gender gap in pay that must be tackled.


But I think Trevor Brooking's next, well, he is next to me...


And the unmistakeable voice of football for half a century,


John Motson, decides to call it a day.


And coming up in Sportsday on BBC News.


All the latest from Flushing Meadows where Karolina Pliskova's reign


Business leaders have expressed their deep concern


about plans to restrict the number of low-skilled workers who come


The plans are included in a leaked Home Office document,


which also urges employers to give preference to British


The hospitality industry said today it relied on EU workers


and warned the plans would be "catastrophic" if implemented.


But the Prime Minister told MPs the government was committed


Our political editor Laura Kuenssberg reports.


There in black and white, a plan for immigration


Leaked ideas to answer the demand the Prime Minister believes millions


Prime Minister, is your immigration policy going to hurt the economy?


A draft of a tighter system of control that


Overall immigration has been good for the UK,


but what people want to see is control of that immigration.


That is, I think, what people want to see as a result of coming


We are already able to exercise controls in relation to those


who come to this country from outside the countries


within the European Union and we continue to believe


as a government that it is important to have net migration


The document from August says freedom of movement,


where unlimited EU citizens can come here, will end when we leave.


New arrivals after 2019 would have to register to stay long-term.


There will be tighter rules for lower-skilled workers


to prioritise British employees, perhaps even with a cap on numbers.


And for EU citizens who do come to the UK, it will be harder


This Birmingham food factory is already losing one Italian chef


who is worried about Brexit, and boss Rosie is concerned


it will make it harder to attract new arrivals,


It will definitely hinder our job as an employer but actually,


So we do have chefs from all over the world.


It will impact our ability to recruit people.


Officially, Labour is rather silent on the leak, not


But prominent voices fear cutting off low skilled immigration


The idea that we stop EU citizens coming here,


the lower-skilled ones who are important for hospitality,


construction and social care, will somehow lead to us being more


That's why I'm hoping this leak isn't genuine government


policy and if it is, we are hoping the


Is it not time we took back control of our immigration policy?


But the government won't budge on its view the referendum


was an instruction from the public to control immigration.


Well, one minister admitted it won't be an easy job and says


since this draft was put together only last month, there have been six


more versions of the plan, with not just the Home Office,


but the Treasury, the Brexit department and Number Ten


And don't forget, whatever they decide here, they have


First signs from EU members don't bode well.


For us, it would go in the wrong direction and won't help at all,


neither the current negotiation nor the future negotiations.


Leaving the EU is not just about obscure negotiations


in the back rooms of Brussels but government departments right


now, engaged in rewriting the country's rules.


Laura Kuenssberg, BBC News, Westminster.


So what effect could the plans have on the UK economy,


and on sectors such as health, social care and hospitality,


if far fewer low-skilled workers are allowed to come


Our home editor Mark Easton has been investigating.


For many, Brexit was about restricting EU immigration.


Here in Clacton, for example, there's support for an immigration


policy that deters low-skilled European workers from coming


to the UK unless it can be shown they make British people richer.


Britain should come first because it's broken


They shouldn't just come here and get jobs straightaway.


Brexit means the same rules we currently use for non-EU migrants


can be applied to those from the EU, for instance, discouraging


The Home Office document proposes low-skilled EU workers be limited


to staying a maximum of two years, that they meet a specific salary


threshold, with a cap on overall numbers.


For non-EU, it means a job paying less than ?30,000 a year.


So many care workers, for example, teachers,


builders and nurses are barred unless their occupation


This afternoon, nurses were demonstrating outside


Parliament, demanding better pay but also warning the NHS in England


One of the difficulties is, because of the low pay of nurses,


they don't fall into the category of the skilled workforce


we want to bring in so we've always been dependent on nursing


being on a shortage list, which we would obviously


encourage that demand, that it stays on the shortage list.


Inside the Houses of Parliament, MPs were today discussing how lower


immigration might hit key services like social care.


But those in favour of tougher controls say even though the UK


is close to full employment, the country should do more to fill


What we want to do is encourage employers to train local people,


actually, to make more of an effort to look ahead and prepare


for the time when there won't be all these people coming


in with ready-made skills, prepared to work for lower wages.


Today's policy proposals also envisage tighter controls on family


members an EU worker can bring with them, a minimum income


But official government advisers have said post Brexit,


low immigration would cost Britain ?113 million a week by 2021.


Employers including the creative industries, construction,


agriculture and the hospitality industry have been warning of dire


Recruiting from the European market is really important to us and it


adds another skill base to our workforce and that skill


base is often something we just can't get locally.


Today's policy proposal document may well enjoy public support but it


also highlights the swings and roundabouts of the journey


So on the day that business leaders voiced their disquiet about aspects


of the government's Brexit planning, let's talk to our business


This is all coming at a time when ministers are trying to get business


on board. Yes, get them back on board after a slightly frosty


relationship during the election and these proposals did not go down well


and they come precisely at a time when the government is trying to


demonstrate business supports their approach to Brexit, but in fact,


they've been circulating a letter to some of the UK's biggest companies,


they want them to sign a letter, saying the leaders of some of the


UK's most dynamic businesses, even though some of them supported Gabi


Maine and some supported Leave, but 15 months later, we share an


understanding Brexit is happening and believe this is a good time for


the government and employers to work together and we look forward to the


government negotiating an interim period, basically asking business do


endorse the government's general approach. I've spoken to several


business leaders today and white -- while they understand and want to


work closely with government, they feel uncomfortable about endorsing


an approach to Brexit that many of them think lacks clarity. One said


they would not sign this letter in a million years. As you say, that is a


setback for government that was trying to rehabilitate its


relationship with business. I can tell you the CBI, the employers


group, is trying to circulate a letter of its own and will probably


have more success with getting signatories so business won't be


told about what it is about the government policy they support, they


want to tell the government for themselves. Thank you for joining


us. Simon Jack, our business editor. Hurricane Irma, the second


most powerful storm ever recorded in the Atlantic,


has now made landfall as it sweeps across a number


of Caribbean islands. This evening, President Macron has


warned about casualties in the French Caribbean territories,


saying the impact had The Category 5 storm is now heading


towards the British Virgin Islands Our correspondent Laura


Bicker is there tonight. We are about one hour away here in


Puerto Rico from experiencing, almost experiencing the eye of


Hurricane Irma. She is expected to brush the northern half of the


island with 185 mph winds. I have to tell you, we have picked a sheltered


place to broadcast from but outside here, the wind is already gusting up


to 120 mph. There is debris flying through the air. There are no


flights in and out of the island and people are sheltering and have been


told to stay indoors. Hurricane Irma has already travelled across the


eastern Caribbean, causing major devastation and two people have lost


their lives which has made people here fearful of what could be to


come. This is what it sounds like to be


at the heart of one of the strongest The winds, like a jet engine, roared


through the eastern Caribbean. The Category 5 hurricane ripped


roofs off homes and devastated parts of the French territories


of St Barts and St Martin. TRANSLATION: I want,


firstly, to say a few words to express our profound compassion


and solidarity to our fellow citizens who today were affected


by Hurricane Irma on St Martin These pilots flew into the eye


of the storm, a unique view of the sheer scale of this hurricane


and, at its core, are those catastrophic 185 mile an hour winds,


and that is what they fear The aim is to try to save


as much as possible. Neighbours are handing out wood


boarding and supplies. This shop owner describes


them as "angels." You know, we've been


through this before, so... You know, it's a lot


of emotions going on, you know. The governor has been inspecting one


of the shelters set up for the thousands who are expected


to evacuate low-lying areas. We are hopeful that it'll skid off


somewhere north-east of Puerto Rico, but we're prepared


for the worst as well. We can't leave anything to chance,


and our priority right now is to make sure that the people


of Puerto Rico are safe. These families hope


they will be safe here. The full force of Hurricane Irma


is still several hours away and already you can see


and feel its effect. The preparations have been made over


the last few days and the governor says that could be the difference


between lives lost and lives saved. In Florida they're taking no


chances, evacuations The storm could hit


the Sunshine State this weekend. President Trump has declared


a state of emergency, freeing up relief funding


for Florida and Puerto Rico. We have a lot to discuss,


including the fact that there's a new and, seems to be,


record-breaking hurricane heading right toward Florida


and Puerto Rico, and other places. We'll know in a very


short period of time, but it looks like it could be


something that will be not good. Hurricane Irma has proved to be


a terrifying, unstoppable force. All those in her path can do


is hunker down and hope. So for the latest on the path


of Hurricane Irma and where it's heading, we're joined by Nick Miller


of the BBC Weather Centre. Huw, this hurricane season


is turning the astonishing First, Hurricane Harvey's record


and devastating rain and now This is breathtaking -


a view taken from space today of the eye of Hurricane Irma passing


directly over Barbuda. That means the island went


from catastrophic winds to almost dead calm in the eye,


then back to catastrophic Amazing to think about but remember,


there are people who lived this. From Barbuda, Irma is now


battering the Virgin Islands, then quickly on to Puerto Rico,


the Dominican Republic tomorrow After that, the current forecast


takes it close to Cuba on Friday and then Florida at the weekend,


but exactly where in Florida But importantly, by the weekend,


Irma is still forecast to be a major That is why the necessary


preparations are already underway in Florida.


If it does hit Florida, it will the first time


in the same season that two at least Category 4 hurricanes have made


Another reason this hurricane season is cementing its place in the record


There is now another hurricane in the Atlantic, Jose Canas this


weekend it may also come close to Barbuda is a major hurricane. --


Jose, and this weekend. In Myanmar, the government has


rejected accusations that the armed forces are conducting a campaign


of indiscriminate violence, Aung San Suu Kyi, the country's


leader, said the situation in Rakhine State was being distorted


by what she called a "huge It's the first time she's


spoken since the crisis erupted two weeks ago,


leaving hundreds dead and thousands 146,000 people have arrived


in Bangladesh in the past 12 days, some travelling over land,


others arriving on boats The UN says that figure


could rise to 300,000. Our correspondent Sanjoy Majumder


sent this report from the port city of Cox's Bazar,


near the Bangladesh-Myanmar border, These are Myanmar's boat people


dazed, confused after an exhausting Stepping on shore with their


possessions, whatever This boat carrying Rohingya refugees


has just arrived on the south You can see what a dangerous voyage


it has been for them, the boat is lifting


dangerously on its side. But it's the only way


they could have made their way here. They've been frightened,


running for their lives. On the beach they collapse


in a heap, many of them severely dehydrated and sea sick


after an eight-hour voyage. Some can scarcely believe they're


alive, others let their loved A brother and sister united


after days, separated after their village was attacked,


Unsure if they would But some, like Dilbar,


continue to relive the horror TRANSLATION: It has taken us


20 days to come here. Our village was attacked


by the army and Buddhist mobs. They burned our house


and my aunt was killed. Her grandson was shot, his injured


arm now encased in homemade splint. TRANSLATION: We hid in the mountains


for 12 days from where we could hear the sound of bombing,


of rockets being fired. People were being slaughtered


by the army and Buddhist mobs. It's hard to independently verify


what's happening inside Myannmar, But this unverified video, shot


by one of the escaping Rohingyas, appears to show thousands of others


waiting to leave, fleeing what they And many of those who do make it


across to Bangladesh bare This teenager shows us


what he says are gunshot wounds. "When my village was attacked


I tried to run", he says. "The soldiers fired


indiscriminately. They are sometimes described


as the world's most persecuted minority, driven from their homes,


the Rohingyas now have to find a way Sanjoy Majumder, BBC


News, Bangladesh. In her comments today,


Myanmar's leader, Aung San Suu Kyi, made no mention of the tens


of thousands of Rohingya Muslims Today the United Nations Secretary


General, Antonio Guterres, said he feared a "humanitarian


catastrophe." So why has Aung Sang


Suu Kyi remained silent Our special correspondent,


Fergal Keane, who's interviewed her several


times over the years, has this report, which does contain


flashing photography. Against the tyranny of dictatorship,


she was the perfect symbol - a compelling voice, articulating


the language of Great prizes followed,


a Nobel Laureateship for Peace. But house arrest, the destruction


of her family life were the price for what seemed an unbending


commitment to human rights. And yet she defends a brutal


military crackdown that has uprooted Today she was welcoming India's


supportive Prime Minister and denouncing terror attacks


on police and border posts So we believe that together we can


work to make sure that terrorism is not allowed to take root


on our soil or on the soil Decades of discrimination


and anti-Rohingya violence helped create the animosity out


of which militant violence grew. In a place where most


of their Buddhist neighbours live in extreme poverty,


the Rohingya exist at the bottom Stigmatised as foreigners,


though many have lived Five years ago, I made my first


journey to report on the violence against the Rohingya,


100,000 were displaced back then. Denied citizenship, many


were corralled into camps, The world looked to Aung San


Suu Kyi to intervene, Over several encounters,


I pressed this devout Buddhist about the violence


against the Rohingya Muslims. Can you promise that


if your party wins this election, the human rights, the civil


rights of all people who live in this country,


whatever their religion, that those human rights


will be respected? So if we are able to form


a government, certainly we'll abide by our commitment to human rights


and democratic values. What hope can you give to those


people in this country who have been discriminated against,


targeted on the basis It's not going to be easy,


that they must understand, because prejudice is not removed


easily and hatred is not going to be removed easily,


but we can work at it together. Do you ever worry that


you will be remembered as the champion of human rights,


the Noble Laureate who failed to stand up to ethnic


cleansing in her own country? No, because I don't think there's


ethnic cleansing going on. Aung San Suu Kyi doesn't control


the powerful military elite, but her words provide the army


with political cover. Her diplomats are working


with Russia and China to prevent It's a stance that prompts


an unsettling question - is her longstanding commitment


to human rights partial, never to embrace the beleaguered


Rohingya Muslims? The importance of science


and innovation to the UK economy has been repeatedly highlighted


by ministers as they consider Britain's future outside


the European Union. So how could Brexit affect


the scientific community here? It receives EU funding and it does


collaborate with European scientists on many important


projects. Today, the Government


outlined its vision for science and Brexit and our science editorm


David Shukman, has been European funding underpins


much of British science. It supports the search for a new,


clean source of energy, with this experimental fusion


reactor near Oxford. It helps the exploration


of graphene, an astonishing material with huge industrial potential,


and it contributes to research into flooding and how


best to predict it. And because of links like this,


a new Government paper recognises that a deep relationship should


continue after Brexit and research It's very encouraging in both


its tone and its aspirations, but it's clear that there's


going to be a lot of work that needs to be done to hammer out the details


of an eventual agreement. Over the years, British


scientists have done well Between 2007 and 2013,


they received ?8 billion in grants, and that's ?3 billion more


than the UK paid to At Imperial College in London,


mosquitoes are used to investigate a vaccine for malaria,


part of a multinational Dozens of teams here and literally


thousands across the UK The Government hopes


that this can continue, What scientists are desperate


to find out is exactly what kind of future relationship there'll be


with the European Union. Will it be like Norway


and Switzerland, which are outside the EU, but in its science


programme? For that, they have to pay


and accept freedom of movement. Or will there be some other unique


arrangement for Britain? Whatever it is, it's going to take


some serious negotiation. A key issue is freedom


of movement for scientists. Of this team of 12 at


the Francis Crick Institute, 10 are from EU countries,


and they feel uncertain. It is a concern and it is one that


plays on all of our minds, and that is possibly leading


to at least some people beginning to contemplate offers


elsewhere which they may not From researching the jet stream


and how it affects our weatherm to investigating the deep ocean,


British science is integrated Unpicking that, or adjusting


it, won't be easy. A brief look at some


of the day's other news stories. Five men charged in connection


with the investigation into the Hillsborough disaster have


appeared at Preston Crown Court. They included the former Chief


Constable, Sir Norman Bettison. Although no pleas were entered


today, all the defendants have previously indicated


that they will plead not guilty. The BBC has announced that


it's conducting three wide-ranging reviews into pay


following the controversy over Two will look into equal pay


across the Corporation, the other will be a review of pay


and diversity for presenters. The actress Jennifer Lawrence has


been speaking about the gender The 27-year-old Oscar winner has


been critical of the industry in the past after finding out that


she'd been paid less The premiere of her new film -


a psychological thriller called Mother - has brought her to London


and she's been sharing her views Jennifer Lawrence is the film's


eponymous mother, she's houseproud and devoted to her husband -


a much older literary man, But their domestic bliss turns


into a living nightmare in a metaphor-rich, effects-laden


horror movie which the critics have been slamming and


lauding in equal measure. There will be no "meh"


with anybody who sees the movie. It's not enjoyable


while you're watching it. You know, if I was writing a review


while I was watching it, Don't go!


Argh!" If you sit with it a little bit


and give yourself 30 minutes, 45 minutes when you get home


and you sit with it, He's a stranger, we're just


going to let him sleep in our house? What would happen if we treated our


planet with care, with humanity? What would happen if we stopped


raping and pillaging our only home and we actually cared


about where our children Until we start politically making


changes, there's not much we can do. Pulling out of the Paris climate


deal was not a good step. The actress has spoken


out about gender pay inequality in Hollywood,


citing information gleaned from the 2014 Sony Pictures email


hack which revealed she was paid considerably less than her male


co-stars for appearing Can me and the man talk


about business here? Do you think it's still


deeply unfair, the game I think there's still


a lot of unfairness. The gap is very slowly closing,


but there's still work to be done. Did you make sure, for instance,


that you got paid the same amount, or even more than Javier Bardem


in this movie? I didn't, I didn't look


at what Javier was getting, I just knew what I deserved


and I fought for that. And if you found out


he was being paid more? The actress Jennifer Lawrence


speaking to our arts Now, after a career spanning five


decades in which he's covered 29 FA Cup finals, ten World Cups and


thousands of matches, the BBC football commentator, John Motson


has decided it's time to set down that microphone at the age of 72.


He'll retire at the end of this season he says he doesn't want to


wait until he's going down hill. He's been speaking to our sports


editor, Dan Roan. For half a century, he's been a true


footballing fixture. Oh, yes!


Oh, yes! His commentary's as much a part


of the game as the many moments he's But finally, John Motson has decided


to hang up his mic and he told me why this season will be his last


at the BBC. Lots of water's gone under


the bridge in all the years I've The challenge I still love,


but it has got more difficult. I just think it might


be the moment to say - thank you very much and leave it


to somebody else. Motson's big breakthrough came


in 1972 at Hereford versus Newcastle when he conveyed the emotion of one


of the FA Cup's greatest shocks. When I see Ronnie Radford,


I always say, "You know, you changed my life,


Ronnie." When I see it again,


as I have hundreds of times, I still think to myself -


please go in, don't hit the post because if that hadn't nestled


in the Newcastle net, The Crazy Gang have


beaten The Culture Club. As well as countless iconic


commentaries of course, there's also been plenty of humour


along the way. COMMENTATOR: But I think


the Trevor Brooking is next - And then there's the most famous


sheepskin coat in sport. I didn't set out to make that


a trademark, honestly, Motson's biggest regret -


never commenting on English success COMMENTATOR: And England are out


of the World Cup on penalty kicks. What was the biggest problem that


prevented England from ever I think it was the fact


there wasn't a mid-winter break. We subject our players to a 10-month


slog and when it gets to the World Cup Finals


or the European Championship Finals, Motson's preparing for this


weekend's match with the same attention to detail he's applied


throughout his career and it's that, along with an undimmed


passion for the game, that's helped him become one


of the host renowned commentators It was like being paid


for your hobby, that's what people always say to me,


but there is a little bit You know, the preparation


and the homework and watching players and going to see games,


so that you could do the one It was a challenge,


but it was a challenge The great John Motson calling it


a day as a football commentator, speaking to our sports editor,


Dan Roan. Newsnight's about to begin over


on BBC Two in a few moments, Tonight, will the latest crisis over


the Muslim Rohingya destroy the reputation of Nobel Prize


winner, Aung San Suu Kyi? We speak to one man


shielding his family