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The latest on the path of Hurricane Irma -
as it brings death and destruction to the eastern Caribbean.
Images from the island of St Martin show buildings flattened,
widespread damage and people desperate for help.
The island of Barbuda is described as 'barely habitable'
after suffering the full force of the storm.
We had cars flying over our heads, 40ft containers
and all we had to do was pray and call for help.
As it moves north and west, urgent preparations are under way
We're in as well prepared a state as we can be,
but in the face of Irma, having seen what it's done elsewhere
we are far from complacent and people are naturally anxious.
We'll have live reports from Antigua and from Miami,
where many Britons are trying to get flights out of Florida tonight.
Westminster starts debating the government's plans
to convert thousands of European laws and regulations
A special report on the inhumane conditions in a detention camp
I just need to go home, you understand, because
And England bowl out the West Indies for 123
but then struggled on a remarkable first day
And coming up in Sportsday on BBC News, Premier League clubs vote
to close next summer's transfer window before the season starts,
with players still allowed to be sold up until the end of August.
Hurricane Irma, one of the strongest storms ever
recorded in the Atlantic, is sweeping across the eastern
At least 10 people are known to have died.
The British overseas territory of Anguilla has
been badly affected a Royal Navy helicopter carrier
The islands of Barbuda and St Martin were the first to feel
Then came Puerto Rico and next in line are Cuba and Florida.
With phone lines down roads, destroyed by flooding
and airports damaged, communication is difficult.
Our correspondent Laura Bicker sent this report from Puerto Rico.
Hurricane Irma, a storm the size of France, has carved a destructive
In Puerto Rico, three people were killed as winds
As daylight came and the clear-out began, most felt lucky to have
This family told me they felt blessed to be alive
and that the only damage was a downed power line and fallen
They have kept eight-month-old Aaron safe.
There is a collective sigh of relief in Puerto Rico.
Up to 30-foot waves threw up debris and downed trees.
But when it comes to that catastrophic eye of the hurricane,
that only skirted this island, unlike others in the Caribbean.
On the tiny island of Barbuda, barely a building
Hundreds of families now find themselves homeless.
And right now, I don't have nowhere to go to sleep.
We had containers, 40 foot containers, flying left and right,
and the story that you are getting from most of the residents
here is that the eye of the storm came just in time.
Persons were literally tying themselves to their roofs with ropes
Barbuda's Prime Minister said the island was now barely habitable.
I would say that about 95% of the properties would have
In neighbouring St Martin, the full force of the hurricane's
Winds of 185 mph hammered the island.
More than 70,000 people live in this area, which is made of Dutch
Shipping containers were tossed around like Lego bricks.
Moored boats were smashed in the harbour and there
are warnings that the death toll is likely to rise.
France has sent three emergency teams to help with the clear-up
and has already set up a reconstruction fund.
In the British territory of Anguilla, there was criticism
from residents to the UK response to the hurricanes.
It was labelled "pathetic" and "disgraceful".
A British task force is now on its way there,
including the Royal Marines and Army engineers, although it could take
Efforts are also underway to try to get supplies
The French government say their priority is making sure
And the British Virgin Islands, a sought-after holiday destination,
She has maintained her wind speeds and is barrelling
towards another British territory, the low-lying Turks
The US Sunshine State of Florida will be next in her sights.
They are nervous, after watching others endure her wrath.
Hurricane Irma is now the longest-lasting Category 5
hurricane ever recorded, surpassing the record set
by Typhoon Haiyan, which hit the Philippines in 2013.
So how and why has it gathered so much energy?
And are these types of storm becoming more frequent?
Our science editor David Shukman explains.
A menacing swirl of cloud stretching over the Caribbean.
This view from space of Hurricane Irma
A brave research team flies right inside the eye to gather vital
information about temperatures and pressures inside the towering wall
of cloud to help forecast where it's heading next -
and already there's a
new record for dangerous winds for the longest time.
On the ground the effect is shattering.
This part of the world knows all about hurricanes
and early warning has definitely saved lives but this one is stronger
So how do hurricanes become so destructive?
Well the strongest like Irma form off
Warm waters cause the air to rise, industryingering thunder storms,
Warm waters cause the air to rise, triggering thunder storms,
As the weather system crosses the Atlantic,
If the wind is moving in the same direction at all levels, as
with Irma, they reached devastating speeds.
But then closer to the Caribbean, the hurricane gets
another boost as it passes over yet more warm water and ocean
temperatures are unusually high this year, making the winds even more
On top of all this, the low pressure inside the hurricane
creates a storm surge, a huge wave that strikes
climate change is raising the level of sea, the impact is all the
As the people of the Caribbean cope with the terrible
aftermath, many are asking if climate change was behind this?
Well, hurricanes have always happened but scientists do think
that our warming world may be making them more violent.
One of the things we know about climate change is that a warmer
That means when a hurricane does hit, more rain can come out of that
hurricane and cause a lot more flooding.
This comes as the people of Texas are still recovering from
There are plenty of quiet years but this one is
shaping up to be one of the
This sequence shows how right behind Irma
there is another distinctive swirl of clouds, Hurricane Jose.
The research patrols have been kept busier than ever before.
Let's go to our colleague, Aleem Maqbool.
What can you tell us about the preparations in Florida and the
impact it is having on people? Tens of thousands of people have been
issued evacuation orders in this part of Florida. You can imagine
what this airport, Miami Airport was like today, chaos as people
scrambled to get on flights before the hurricane hits. Amidst all of
this, we have come agenetically modified crops British tourist, some
of whom are supposed to be here until next week but in limbo as they
have been told by hotels to evacuate, and then come to the
airport but there are no seats on flights left to the UK before the
hurricane hits. We found one man who paid more than ?6,000 so desperate
he was to get a first-class seat as he was told that was the last one to
the UK. The others don't know what to do and are full of anxiety about
what the coming days will bring. But of course, there are tens of
thousands of people in this area and beyond, millions across the state,
who are now being told to prepare this weekend FORCEDCYAN yeah, OK for
that once in a lifetime storm. Thank you very much.
The House of Commons has started to debate the bill
which will reverse the decision taken 45 years ago to join
the European Economic Community, as it was called then.
The Brexit Secretary David Davis told MPs not to defy
But there are deep divisions in the Commons.
Some Conservatives who strongly support Brexit want a clean
break with Brussels, while others are reluctant
to back the legislation, because they say it will give far
Our political editor Laura Kuenssberg reports.
From Brussels to Westminster, laws have landed here
Today's government bill will use 66 pages to try to transfer it all.
With 28 clauses, the Withdrawal Bill cuts and pastes the European
rule book onto ours - but if the Government
riles just six rebels, they'd face defeat.
Ministers say it's nothing to worry about, just a paper exercise.
Their opponents fear on these harmless looking
pages there is a power grab on a huge scale.
European Union Withdrawal Bill, second reading.
Put simply, this bill is an essential step.
Whilst it does not take us out of the European Union -
that is a matter for the Article 50 process -
it does ensure that on the day we leave, businesses
know where they stand, workers' rights are upheld
This bill is vital to ensuring that as we leave, we do
But there is so much to sort out that affects all of our lives
the Government says there is not time for MPs to take over every
detail, so ministers will be able to make
That gives them the same powers as medieval monarchs, says Labour.
The combined effect of the provisions of this bill
would reduce MPs to spectators as power poured into the hands
It is an unprecedented power grab - rule by decree is not
It's an affront to Parliament and accountability.
There'll be arguments aplenty, in the Commons
Ministers privately concede they will have to give some ground,
but they also know that it is far from the only scrap they face,
If talks about the overall Brexit deal are going well,
the official negotiator in Brussels did a good job of hiding
Complaining about the British unwillingness
TRANSLATION: I have been very disappointed
Closer to home, a letter doing the rounds among Tory MPs has
Dozens of Brexit supporters demanding the Prime Minister sticks
to a crisp exit and not a longer, softer transition -
warning ministers they must not allow the country to be kept
And it was circulated, if not signed, by a junior
The letter states very explicitly that we are in favour of leaving
the Single Market and the Customs Union.
We want to take back control of our laws.
We want a strictly time-limited transition
period, that we want to be able to strike free trade agreements
All of that is consistent with government policies.
Remainer Tory MPs don't buy that, fearing Conservative
In the Tory Party, in Parliament and in the power
There's not much chance of keeping the peace.
Laura Kuenssberg, BBC News, Westminster.
In Brussels, the EU's chief negotiator Michel Barnier said
he was worried by slow progress and by some of the UK's proposals.
He told a news conference in Brussels it was Britain that had
chosen to leave and so it was up to Britain to come up
Our Europe correspondent Damian Grammaticas is
Tell us more about that and indeed the other things being said there
today? You are right, what Michel Barnier told us today was that he
does not believe there's been enough progress in the talks. He wanted to
send that stern message, obviously. Now on money, he identified that as
the biggest issue. He believes that the UK has both moral and legal
obligations to the EU. Moral obligations, he said as there were
decisions taken as 28 countries, which could not be left to 27 to
pick up the bill for. Things like funding for science and research
project, for development for universities. And legally as the
budgets were approved, signed by David Cameron, approved by the UK
Parliament, that those obligations must be met. So he accused the UK of
backtracking, having agreed earlier in the process it had obligation it
is would meet, now going through picking everything through line by
line. On Ireland, the issue of the border, he was worried as the UK
proposals were not good enough, that they had to come back with something
better there. And concerns too that arose earlier, Michel Barnier,
Jean-Claude Juncker worried about David Davis, whether he was fully
committed to the talk, if he would be here for all of them. Today they
did not repeat that but laid out about the substance, that they don't
believe enough is being done. Thank you very much.
BBC News has witnessed around 1,000 migrants, mostly African,
being held in detention in Libya in inhumane conditions.
The medical charity Doctors Without Borders said today that
migrants and refugees who want to cross the Mediterranean
to Italy are being detained in nightmarish conditions.
But the EU is still encouraging Libya to prevent migrants
leaving its shores and wants the Libyan coastguard
The BBC's Orla Guerin has gained rare access to the main
Trapped in Libya, a country in chaos, that
Most travelled from sub Saharan Africa.
Some were stopped at sea, others on dry land.
Now they are in Triq al Sika, the largest
We were given unfettered access to those suffering here.
I just need to go back home. You understand?
Because here, it is like, you know, in hell.
It is like in hell for me. That's how I feel.
Well, this is the reality for those being held in detention in Libya.
The men here have asked us to show these conditions.
They are very anxious for all of this to be seen.
The only hope of release for these men is to be deported back
to their home countries, but that can take time to arrange.
Some of those here have been languishing in this
It's really hot and they close the door, so it really gets that
People faint sometimes. It's pretty hot in here.
My guide, Hennessy, is 18 and from South Sudan
but for three years, he was a London schoolboy
Hennessy paid traffickers to get back to London but was kidnapped
He escaped by leaping from a moving truck.
The time we jumped off, there was a Chad man, an old Chad man.
He was shot, so blood went all over my T-shirt
I was so scared. I just ran away.
Grim as things are here, Hennessy says conditions were far
worse in another detention centre where there were daily
If people make noise, or if people rush for food, you get beaten.
If people want to use the bathroom, or if people want to drink water,
they just make you lie down on your stomach, the whole jail,
Everyone gets beaten? Everyone gets beaten.
And that's only one risk on the migrant trail through Libya.
The men are pawns, to be bought and sold by militias.
Emmanuel was beaten by a gang linked to the traffickers.
But what pained him most is what he heard them do
They went into the second room and they raped the girls.
And we couldn't do anything because we didn't have anything
Staff here call them broken men, starved of hope and nourishment.
For breakfast, just bread and butter.
Officials tell us they have no funds to pay food suppliers
And among those going hungry, women and children, held
He was at the mercy of the Mediterranean
"Police arrested us", said his mother, Wasila.
"Since then, we have been in five prisons".
Outside, the latest arrivals, weary, barefoot, turned around
Instead of a new life in Europe, returned to the nightmare of Libya.
The green paint daubed on by their traffickers,
Is the conclusion of your report that the EU is so determined to stop
the flow of people that it is in effect turning a blind eye to the
conditions you were reporting on there? The European Union says its
main priority in relation to the migrant is to protect them in Libya.
Aid agencies say the EU is so blinded by the single goal of
keeping people out of Europe that it is turning a blind eye to the abuses
and actually perpetuating them. There's no doubt European and
British policy is that Libya must do more to stop the exodus from its
shores. It is now the main departure point for people going to Europe.
Just last week, the Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson was in
Tripoli, meeting senior officials and emphasising the need for the
coastguard to control the departures and the Royal Navy is actually part
of the effort to retrain the Libyan coast guard. But the reality of all
of that, if you stop people at sea, rescue them at sea, even if you are
saving their lives, you are returning them to the kind of
conditions that we saw, conditions that have been described by the
United Nations, for example, as inhumane. They have complained about
the arbitrary detention, the fact people have no access to a legal
process, and that they face a long list of abuses. And Libya, let's not
forget, is a fragile and unstable country with no central authority,
three competing governments and a collapsing economy and there are
powerful militias that are heavily involved in the smuggling industry
will stop Libyan officials said to us, they are struggling to provide
for their own people and they can't cope with the 5000-6000 migrants
they currently have in detection and one of them also said they are tired
of being your's policeman. -- they currently have in detention. Thank
you for joining us. A brief look at some
of the day's other news stories. Britain's biggest carmaker,
Jaguar Landrover, has announced all its new cars will be available
in electric or hybrid The company's first fully electric
vehicle will go on sale next year. The government says it wants to ban
the sale of new petrol One in five people who are gay,
lesbian or bisexual have experienced hate crime in the past year,
according to new figures. But the vast majority don't
report it to the police. The charity Stonewall says three out
of five gay men don't feel comfortable holding their partner's
hand in the street. Universities in England could be
fined if they fail to justify paying their Vice-Chancellors more
than the Prime Minister, The average basic salary
for a Vice-Chancellor, in effect the university's chief
executive, is ?246,000, A new regulator for students
will also force universities to publish details of all senior
staff earning over ?100,000 a year. Our education editor
Branwen Jeffreys reports. Student loans pay for
most of this, so today, High pay for your bosses
has to be justified. Higher education has
to be accountable. It's really important
that there is confidence that resources allocated to it
by the taxpayer are being used efficiently and for the purposes
for which they are primarily intended and that is the provision
of great teaching, and a generation Students are applying to university,
or will be very shortly. When are you going to
confirm the higher tuition We have already
confirmed the policy. There is no new policy
to be announced. With inflation, fees would rise
next year to ?9,500. Universities have spent money
on facilities but average Vice-Chancellor pay is ?250,000
and a few earn as much as ?400,000. Vice-Chancellors' salaries
are a tiny fraction of the budget of a university, but with living
costs going up and tuition fees continuing to rise,
it just makes universities look out of touch with the
concerns of students. It clearly looks extraordinary
and it's really difficult It would be a major mistake for us
not to understand the public mood. There's a lot of noise about this
and we clearly need to be able I don't want to read about VC pay
in the newspapers any So the minister told them
a new office for students Obviously, we welcome more
scrutiny on Vice-Chancellor pay and in many ways,
these proposals don't go far enough but you've got to look at the timing
of these announcements. The government has been under a lot
of pressure since the election over student funding and student debt
and these proposals will do absolutely nothing to change
the reality for students On campus, students
are asking more questions. A sculpture celebrates
this university's past. The question now, what will secure
its financial future? This week, we've been
reporting from Bangladesh, where more than 160,000
Rohingya Muslims have been fleeing the violence in the mainly
Buddhist country of Myanmar. The authorities there have
blamed the Rohingya people for provoking the crisis
by attacking police stations. Our correspondent
Justin Rowlatt has been to a refugee camp in Teknaf,
near the border with Myanmar. They arrive barefoot,
their shoes lost in the mud This is an exodus on a
truly massive scale. Rohingya Muslims have been pouring
into Bangladesh from Myanmar. They say the military
and local Buddhists are destroying their villages,
after Rohingya militants attacked The current estimate is that
164,000 have crossed over, but the truth is no one knows
for certain how many have come. So we've just joined this kind
of river of humanity, because we've been told a refugee
camp has sort of erupted in the fields here, and thousands
and thousands of people have A UN official was told
there were 15,000 people here. She told the BBC she couldn't say
how many refugees have Everyone needs food,
everyone needs water. And everyone has
a horrific story to tell. TRANSLATION: My three
sons were taken. Villages burning, allegedly torched
by soldiers from the Myanmar army. TRANSLATION: Lots, lots,
lots of people died. First they set it on fire, and then
they shot us from helicopters Mr Shafiq saw some appalling
scenes on his long trek. Bodies floating in the river,
Rohingya refugees drowned the barbed wire fence that marks
the border with Bangladesh. The BBC cannot verify
any of this footage, but the stories the refugees tell
are remarkably similar. They have been driven
from their homes into this, into what is a rapidly
escalating humanitarian disaster. Prince George had his first
day at school today. The four-year-old is attending
Thomas's School in Battersea, South London, where fees
are ?17,000 a year. He was dropped off by
Prince William, but the Duchess of Cambridge missed the occasion
as she's suffering from severe morning sickness
due to her pregnancy. The prince will be known
to classmates as George Cambridge. Cricket, and the wickets have
tumbled at Lord's today in the third Test between England and the West
Indies. With the series level at 1-1,
England bowled the West Indies out for 123 before struggling
to 46-4 in reply. James Anderson began
the match trying to reach 500 wickets in Test matches,
needing just three more, This man prepared for the match
with no plans for retirement. This man arrived at Lord's knowing
it was his final Test. Henry Blofeld of Test Match Special,
dressed to stop the traffic Will you hope for something of
a West Indies revival to continue? It would be lovely if
they won the series. It would do their cricket
so much good, wouldn't it? There's widespread goodwill
towards sportsmen representing the Caribbean, especially at this
time, but runs in a Test match are hard earned, especially
with James Anderson bowling. Test wickets number 498
and 499 came before lunch. The thing is, there were other
England bowlers excelling. Ben Stokes was making the ball
swerve and swing like never before. As wickets fell to others, Anderson
was desperately trying to get one. Anderson helped Stokes -
nice catch - but before he could bowl again,
West Indies were all out for 123. The biggest compliment was that it
reminded Lord's of Anderson. Very good but now it was England's
turn to bat and in conditions which were floodlit and autumnal,
you had to watch England lost four wickets in reply,
including Cook and Captain Joe Root. They will resume 77 runs behind
but guess who's now batting? Before we go, let's try for a quick
update on the damage caused by Hurricane Irma. Laura Bicker has
managed to travel to Antigua, one of the islands affected. Tell us what
the situation is there? In Antigua, they have managed to keep the
infrastructure intact but the real worry is the island that lies just
off the coast, Barbuda. When it came to Hurricane Irma, for many hours,
people could not get in contact with the island and when finally they
did, they heard of tales of massive destruction, 95% of the buildings on
the island have been destroyed. People are now suffering without
food, shelter and clean water. Today, the Red Cross has managed to
get some supplies in. They have been aired dropping it with helicopters
and getting some boats in but they badly need more at the moment. They
are trying to get people off the island but in your aftermath of the
hurricanes, the weather has been too bad. -- in the aftermath of the
hurricane. But the problem is still out in the Atlantic basin. While
they are still recovering, and other hurricane is forming, pose a is on
his way -- Jose is on his way and they are trying to get people into
shelter before that happens. Thank you for joining us. Laura Bicker,
there, who has managed to travel to Antigua with the latest on the
hurricane. More on the BBC News Channel