07/09/2017 BBC News at Ten

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The latest on the path of Hurricane Irma -


as it brings death and destruction to the eastern Caribbean.


Images from the island of St Martin show buildings flattened,


widespread damage and people desperate for help.


The island of Barbuda is described as 'barely habitable'


after suffering the full force of the storm.


We had cars flying over our heads, 40ft containers


and all we had to do was pray and call for help.


As it moves north and west, urgent preparations are under way


We're in as well prepared a state as we can be,


but in the face of Irma, having seen what it's done elsewhere


we are far from complacent and people are naturally anxious.


We'll have live reports from Antigua and from Miami,


where many Britons are trying to get flights out of Florida tonight.


Westminster starts debating the government's plans


to convert thousands of European laws and regulations


A special report on the inhumane conditions in a detention camp


I just need to go home, you understand, because


And England bowl out the West Indies for 123


but then struggled on a remarkable first day


And coming up in Sportsday on BBC News, Premier League clubs vote


to close next summer's transfer window before the season starts,


with players still allowed to be sold up until the end of August.


Hurricane Irma, one of the strongest storms ever


recorded in the Atlantic, is sweeping across the eastern


At least 10 people are known to have died.


The British overseas territory of Anguilla has


been badly affected a Royal Navy helicopter carrier


The islands of Barbuda and St Martin were the first to feel


Then came Puerto Rico and next in line are Cuba and Florida.


With phone lines down roads, destroyed by flooding


and airports damaged, communication is difficult.


Our correspondent Laura Bicker sent this report from Puerto Rico.


Hurricane Irma, a storm the size of France, has carved a destructive


In Puerto Rico, three people were killed as winds


As daylight came and the clear-out began, most felt lucky to have


This family told me they felt blessed to be alive


and that the only damage was a downed power line and fallen


They have kept eight-month-old Aaron safe.


There is a collective sigh of relief in Puerto Rico.


Up to 30-foot waves threw up debris and downed trees.


But when it comes to that catastrophic eye of the hurricane,


that only skirted this island, unlike others in the Caribbean.


On the tiny island of Barbuda, barely a building


Hundreds of families now find themselves homeless.


And right now, I don't have nowhere to go to sleep.


We had containers, 40 foot containers, flying left and right,


and the story that you are getting from most of the residents


here is that the eye of the storm came just in time.


Persons were literally tying themselves to their roofs with ropes


Barbuda's Prime Minister said the island was now barely habitable.


I would say that about 95% of the properties would have


In neighbouring St Martin, the full force of the hurricane's


Winds of 185 mph hammered the island.


More than 70,000 people live in this area, which is made of Dutch


Shipping containers were tossed around like Lego bricks.


Moored boats were smashed in the harbour and there


are warnings that the death toll is likely to rise.


France has sent three emergency teams to help with the clear-up


and has already set up a reconstruction fund.


In the British territory of Anguilla, there was criticism


from residents to the UK response to the hurricanes.


It was labelled "pathetic" and "disgraceful".


A British task force is now on its way there,


including the Royal Marines and Army engineers, although it could take


Efforts are also underway to try to get supplies


The French government say their priority is making sure


And the British Virgin Islands, a sought-after holiday destination,


She has maintained her wind speeds and is barrelling


towards another British territory, the low-lying Turks


The US Sunshine State of Florida will be next in her sights.


They are nervous, after watching others endure her wrath.


Hurricane Irma is now the longest-lasting Category 5


hurricane ever recorded, surpassing the record set


by Typhoon Haiyan, which hit the Philippines in 2013.


So how and why has it gathered so much energy?


And are these types of storm becoming more frequent?


Our science editor David Shukman explains.


A menacing swirl of cloud stretching over the Caribbean.


This view from space of Hurricane Irma


A brave research team flies right inside the eye to gather vital


information about temperatures and pressures inside the towering wall


of cloud to help forecast where it's heading next -


and already there's a


new record for dangerous winds for the longest time.


On the ground the effect is shattering.


This part of the world knows all about hurricanes


and early warning has definitely saved lives but this one is stronger


So how do hurricanes become so destructive?


Well the strongest like Irma form off


Warm waters cause the air to rise, industryingering thunder storms,


Warm waters cause the air to rise, triggering thunder storms,


As the weather system crosses the Atlantic,


If the wind is moving in the same direction at all levels, as


with Irma, they reached devastating speeds.


But then closer to the Caribbean, the hurricane gets


another boost as it passes over yet more warm water and ocean


temperatures are unusually high this year, making the winds even more


On top of all this, the low pressure inside the hurricane


creates a storm surge, a huge wave that strikes


climate change is raising the level of sea, the impact is all the


As the people of the Caribbean cope with the terrible


aftermath, many are asking if climate change was behind this?


Well, hurricanes have always happened but scientists do think


that our warming world may be making them more violent.


One of the things we know about climate change is that a warmer


That means when a hurricane does hit, more rain can come out of that


hurricane and cause a lot more flooding.


This comes as the people of Texas are still recovering from


There are plenty of quiet years but this one is


shaping up to be one of the


This sequence shows how right behind Irma


there is another distinctive swirl of clouds, Hurricane Jose.


The research patrols have been kept busier than ever before.


Let's go to our colleague, Aleem Maqbool.


What can you tell us about the preparations in Florida and the


impact it is having on people? Tens of thousands of people have been


issued evacuation orders in this part of Florida. You can imagine


what this airport, Miami Airport was like today, chaos as people


scrambled to get on flights before the hurricane hits. Amidst all of


this, we have come agenetically modified crops British tourist, some


of whom are supposed to be here until next week but in limbo as they


have been told by hotels to evacuate, and then come to the


airport but there are no seats on flights left to the UK before the


hurricane hits. We found one man who paid more than ?6,000 so desperate


he was to get a first-class seat as he was told that was the last one to


the UK. The others don't know what to do and are full of anxiety about


what the coming days will bring. But of course, there are tens of


thousands of people in this area and beyond, millions across the state,


who are now being told to prepare this weekend FORCEDCYAN yeah, OK for


that once in a lifetime storm. Thank you very much.


The House of Commons has started to debate the bill


which will reverse the decision taken 45 years ago to join


the European Economic Community, as it was called then.


The Brexit Secretary David Davis told MPs not to defy


But there are deep divisions in the Commons.


Some Conservatives who strongly support Brexit want a clean


break with Brussels, while others are reluctant


to back the legislation, because they say it will give far


Our political editor Laura Kuenssberg reports.


From Brussels to Westminster, laws have landed here


Today's government bill will use 66 pages to try to transfer it all.


With 28 clauses, the Withdrawal Bill cuts and pastes the European


rule book onto ours - but if the Government


riles just six rebels, they'd face defeat.


Ministers say it's nothing to worry about, just a paper exercise.


Their opponents fear on these harmless looking


pages there is a power grab on a huge scale.


European Union Withdrawal Bill, second reading.


Put simply, this bill is an essential step.


Whilst it does not take us out of the European Union -


that is a matter for the Article 50 process -


it does ensure that on the day we leave, businesses


know where they stand, workers' rights are upheld


This bill is vital to ensuring that as we leave, we do


But there is so much to sort out that affects all of our lives


the Government says there is not time for MPs to take over every


detail, so ministers will be able to make


That gives them the same powers as medieval monarchs, says Labour.


The combined effect of the provisions of this bill


would reduce MPs to spectators as power poured into the hands


It is an unprecedented power grab - rule by decree is not


It's an affront to Parliament and accountability.


There'll be arguments aplenty, in the Commons


Ministers privately concede they will have to give some ground,


but they also know that it is far from the only scrap they face,


If talks about the overall Brexit deal are going well,


the official negotiator in Brussels did a good job of hiding


Complaining about the British unwillingness


TRANSLATION: I have been very disappointed


Closer to home, a letter doing the rounds among Tory MPs has


Dozens of Brexit supporters demanding the Prime Minister sticks


to a crisp exit and not a longer, softer transition -


warning ministers they must not allow the country to be kept


And it was circulated, if not signed, by a junior


The letter states very explicitly that we are in favour of leaving


the Single Market and the Customs Union.


We want to take back control of our laws.


We want a strictly time-limited transition


period, that we want to be able to strike free trade agreements


All of that is consistent with government policies.


Remainer Tory MPs don't buy that, fearing Conservative


In the Tory Party, in Parliament and in the power


There's not much chance of keeping the peace.


Laura Kuenssberg, BBC News, Westminster.


In Brussels, the EU's chief negotiator Michel Barnier said


he was worried by slow progress and by some of the UK's proposals.


He told a news conference in Brussels it was Britain that had


chosen to leave and so it was up to Britain to come up


Our Europe correspondent Damian Grammaticas is


Tell us more about that and indeed the other things being said there


today? You are right, what Michel Barnier told us today was that he


does not believe there's been enough progress in the talks. He wanted to


send that stern message, obviously. Now on money, he identified that as


the biggest issue. He believes that the UK has both moral and legal


obligations to the EU. Moral obligations, he said as there were


decisions taken as 28 countries, which could not be left to 27 to


pick up the bill for. Things like funding for science and research


project, for development for universities. And legally as the


budgets were approved, signed by David Cameron, approved by the UK


Parliament, that those obligations must be met. So he accused the UK of


backtracking, having agreed earlier in the process it had obligation it


is would meet, now going through picking everything through line by


line. On Ireland, the issue of the border, he was worried as the UK


proposals were not good enough, that they had to come back with something


better there. And concerns too that arose earlier, Michel Barnier,


Jean-Claude Juncker worried about David Davis, whether he was fully


committed to the talk, if he would be here for all of them. Today they


did not repeat that but laid out about the substance, that they don't


believe enough is being done. Thank you very much.


BBC News has witnessed around 1,000 migrants, mostly African,


being held in detention in Libya in inhumane conditions.


The medical charity Doctors Without Borders said today that


migrants and refugees who want to cross the Mediterranean


to Italy are being detained in nightmarish conditions.


But the EU is still encouraging Libya to prevent migrants


leaving its shores and wants the Libyan coastguard


The BBC's Orla Guerin has gained rare access to the main


Trapped in Libya, a country in chaos, that


Most travelled from sub Saharan Africa.


Some were stopped at sea, others on dry land.


Now they are in Triq al Sika, the largest


We were given unfettered access to those suffering here.


I just need to go back home. You understand?


Because here, it is like, you know, in hell.


It is like in hell for me. That's how I feel.


Well, this is the reality for those being held in detention in Libya.


The men here have asked us to show these conditions.


They are very anxious for all of this to be seen.


The only hope of release for these men is to be deported back


to their home countries, but that can take time to arrange.


Some of those here have been languishing in this


It's really hot and they close the door, so it really gets that


People faint sometimes. It's pretty hot in here.


My guide, Hennessy, is 18 and from South Sudan


but for three years, he was a London schoolboy


Hennessy paid traffickers to get back to London but was kidnapped


He escaped by leaping from a moving truck.


The time we jumped off, there was a Chad man, an old Chad man.


He was shot, so blood went all over my T-shirt


I was so scared. I just ran away.


Grim as things are here, Hennessy says conditions were far


worse in another detention centre where there were daily


If people make noise, or if people rush for food, you get beaten.


If people want to use the bathroom, or if people want to drink water,


they just make you lie down on your stomach, the whole jail,


Everyone gets beaten? Everyone gets beaten.


And that's only one risk on the migrant trail through Libya.


The men are pawns, to be bought and sold by militias.


Emmanuel was beaten by a gang linked to the traffickers.


But what pained him most is what he heard them do


They went into the second room and they raped the girls.


And we couldn't do anything because we didn't have anything


Staff here call them broken men, starved of hope and nourishment.


For breakfast, just bread and butter.


Officials tell us they have no funds to pay food suppliers


And among those going hungry, women and children, held


He was at the mercy of the Mediterranean


"Police arrested us", said his mother, Wasila.


"Since then, we have been in five prisons".


Outside, the latest arrivals, weary, barefoot, turned around


Instead of a new life in Europe, returned to the nightmare of Libya.


The green paint daubed on by their traffickers,


Is the conclusion of your report that the EU is so determined to stop


the flow of people that it is in effect turning a blind eye to the


conditions you were reporting on there? The European Union says its


main priority in relation to the migrant is to protect them in Libya.


Aid agencies say the EU is so blinded by the single goal of


keeping people out of Europe that it is turning a blind eye to the abuses


and actually perpetuating them. There's no doubt European and


British policy is that Libya must do more to stop the exodus from its


shores. It is now the main departure point for people going to Europe.


Just last week, the Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson was in


Tripoli, meeting senior officials and emphasising the need for the


coastguard to control the departures and the Royal Navy is actually part


of the effort to retrain the Libyan coast guard. But the reality of all


of that, if you stop people at sea, rescue them at sea, even if you are


saving their lives, you are returning them to the kind of


conditions that we saw, conditions that have been described by the


United Nations, for example, as inhumane. They have complained about


the arbitrary detention, the fact people have no access to a legal


process, and that they face a long list of abuses. And Libya, let's not


forget, is a fragile and unstable country with no central authority,


three competing governments and a collapsing economy and there are


powerful militias that are heavily involved in the smuggling industry


will stop Libyan officials said to us, they are struggling to provide


for their own people and they can't cope with the 5000-6000 migrants


they currently have in detection and one of them also said they are tired


of being your's policeman. -- they currently have in detention. Thank


you for joining us. A brief look at some


of the day's other news stories. Britain's biggest carmaker,


Jaguar Landrover, has announced all its new cars will be available


in electric or hybrid The company's first fully electric


vehicle will go on sale next year. The government says it wants to ban


the sale of new petrol One in five people who are gay,


lesbian or bisexual have experienced hate crime in the past year,


according to new figures. But the vast majority don't


report it to the police. The charity Stonewall says three out


of five gay men don't feel comfortable holding their partner's


hand in the street. Universities in England could be


fined if they fail to justify paying their Vice-Chancellors more


than the Prime Minister, The average basic salary


for a Vice-Chancellor, in effect the university's chief


executive, is ?246,000, A new regulator for students


will also force universities to publish details of all senior


staff earning over ?100,000 a year. Our education editor


Branwen Jeffreys reports. Student loans pay for


most of this, so today, High pay for your bosses


has to be justified. Higher education has


to be accountable. It's really important


that there is confidence that resources allocated to it


by the taxpayer are being used efficiently and for the purposes


for which they are primarily intended and that is the provision


of great teaching, and a generation Students are applying to university,


or will be very shortly. When are you going to


confirm the higher tuition We have already


confirmed the policy. There is no new policy


to be announced. With inflation, fees would rise


next year to ?9,500. Universities have spent money


on facilities but average Vice-Chancellor pay is ?250,000


and a few earn as much as ?400,000. Vice-Chancellors' salaries


are a tiny fraction of the budget of a university, but with living


costs going up and tuition fees continuing to rise,


it just makes universities look out of touch with the


concerns of students. It clearly looks extraordinary


and it's really difficult It would be a major mistake for us


not to understand the public mood. There's a lot of noise about this


and we clearly need to be able I don't want to read about VC pay


in the newspapers any So the minister told them


a new office for students Obviously, we welcome more


scrutiny on Vice-Chancellor pay and in many ways,


these proposals don't go far enough but you've got to look at the timing


of these announcements. The government has been under a lot


of pressure since the election over student funding and student debt


and these proposals will do absolutely nothing to change


the reality for students On campus, students


are asking more questions. A sculpture celebrates


this university's past. The question now, what will secure


its financial future? This week, we've been


reporting from Bangladesh, where more than 160,000


Rohingya Muslims have been fleeing the violence in the mainly


Buddhist country of Myanmar. The authorities there have


blamed the Rohingya people for provoking the crisis


by attacking police stations. Our correspondent


Justin Rowlatt has been to a refugee camp in Teknaf,


near the border with Myanmar. They arrive barefoot,


their shoes lost in the mud This is an exodus on a


truly massive scale. Rohingya Muslims have been pouring


into Bangladesh from Myanmar. They say the military


and local Buddhists are destroying their villages,


after Rohingya militants attacked The current estimate is that


164,000 have crossed over, but the truth is no one knows


for certain how many have come. So we've just joined this kind


of river of humanity, because we've been told a refugee


camp has sort of erupted in the fields here, and thousands


and thousands of people have A UN official was told


there were 15,000 people here. She told the BBC she couldn't say


how many refugees have Everyone needs food,


everyone needs water. And everyone has


a horrific story to tell. TRANSLATION: My three


sons were taken. Villages burning, allegedly torched


by soldiers from the Myanmar army. TRANSLATION: Lots, lots,


lots of people died. First they set it on fire, and then


they shot us from helicopters Mr Shafiq saw some appalling


scenes on his long trek. Bodies floating in the river,


Rohingya refugees drowned the barbed wire fence that marks


the border with Bangladesh. The BBC cannot verify


any of this footage, but the stories the refugees tell


are remarkably similar. They have been driven


from their homes into this, into what is a rapidly


escalating humanitarian disaster. Prince George had his first


day at school today. The four-year-old is attending


Thomas's School in Battersea, South London, where fees


are ?17,000 a year. He was dropped off by


Prince William, but the Duchess of Cambridge missed the occasion


as she's suffering from severe morning sickness


due to her pregnancy. The prince will be known


to classmates as George Cambridge. Cricket, and the wickets have


tumbled at Lord's today in the third Test between England and the West


Indies. With the series level at 1-1,


England bowled the West Indies out for 123 before struggling


to 46-4 in reply. James Anderson began


the match trying to reach 500 wickets in Test matches,


needing just three more, This man prepared for the match


with no plans for retirement. This man arrived at Lord's knowing


it was his final Test. Henry Blofeld of Test Match Special,


dressed to stop the traffic Will you hope for something of


a West Indies revival to continue? It would be lovely if


they won the series. It would do their cricket


so much good, wouldn't it? There's widespread goodwill


towards sportsmen representing the Caribbean, especially at this


time, but runs in a Test match are hard earned, especially


with James Anderson bowling. Test wickets number 498


and 499 came before lunch. The thing is, there were other


England bowlers excelling. Ben Stokes was making the ball


swerve and swing like never before. As wickets fell to others, Anderson


was desperately trying to get one. Anderson helped Stokes -


nice catch - but before he could bowl again,


West Indies were all out for 123. The biggest compliment was that it


reminded Lord's of Anderson. Very good but now it was England's


turn to bat and in conditions which were floodlit and autumnal,


you had to watch England lost four wickets in reply,


including Cook and Captain Joe Root. They will resume 77 runs behind


but guess who's now batting? Before we go, let's try for a quick


update on the damage caused by Hurricane Irma. Laura Bicker has


managed to travel to Antigua, one of the islands affected. Tell us what


the situation is there? In Antigua, they have managed to keep the


infrastructure intact but the real worry is the island that lies just


off the coast, Barbuda. When it came to Hurricane Irma, for many hours,


people could not get in contact with the island and when finally they


did, they heard of tales of massive destruction, 95% of the buildings on


the island have been destroyed. People are now suffering without


food, shelter and clean water. Today, the Red Cross has managed to


get some supplies in. They have been aired dropping it with helicopters


and getting some boats in but they badly need more at the moment. They


are trying to get people off the island but in your aftermath of the


hurricanes, the weather has been too bad. -- in the aftermath of the


hurricane. But the problem is still out in the Atlantic basin. While


they are still recovering, and other hurricane is forming, pose a is on


his way -- Jose is on his way and they are trying to get people into


shelter before that happens. Thank you for joining us. Laura Bicker,


there, who has managed to travel to Antigua with the latest on the


hurricane. More on the BBC News Channel