08/09/2017 BBC News at Ten

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Hurricane Irma continues its deadly rampage across the Caribbean.


And now, there's another hurricane coming up behind it.


In Barbuda, where there's already overwhelming destruction,


a mass evacuation is happening now to escape a second hit.


Everybody will tell you the same - they're not coping.


Everyone is in the same situation - and nobody can't help one another.


Amid criticism from MPs, Britain's relief effort is underway


to the British Overseas Territories affected.


Irma is heading for Florida, where those who can are leaving -


others are hunkering down and hoping for the best.


Today is the day to do the right thing for your family


This storm is wider than our entire state.


We'll be looking at the devastation wrought by the hurricane so far,


and looking at whether there's worse to come.


A report suggests the youth justice system treats black and ethnic


As the UN warns of an unprecedented refugee crisis in Myanmar,


we report on the persecution driving out the Rohingya Muslims.


How more and more of us are being prescribed and becoming


And the 13-year-old girl whose organs have been transplanted


into a record eight people after her death.


And coming up in Sportsday on BBC News - James Anderson becomes


the first English cricketer to reach 500 Test wickets -


only the sixth player ever to reach the milestone.


Hurricane Irma has torn across the Caribbean, leaving death


So far, at least 19 people have been killed and more


The massive storm,one of the most powerful Atlantic


hurricanes ever recorded, is still passing through


the Caribbean, and is forecast to hit the United States on Saturday.


And there's another hurricane coming up behind


Jose has strengthened to a Category 4, driving winds of 125mph.


Forecasters warn it could strengthen still further.


Our correspondent Laura Bicker is the first journalist to reach


Already devastated by Irma, the islanders are racing to evacuate


to neighbouring Antigua, before Hurricane Jose makes landfall.


The island of Barbuda was once a Caribbean paradise.


Hurricane Irma has reduced it to rubble.


The ruins lie scattered, torn and ripped apart.


Having survived the worst storm in living memory,


and knowing another is on the way, people are exhausted, hungry,


I'm just waiting to get evacuated from here,


and then I'm going to come back and try and salvage


Everybody will tell you the same - they're not coping.


The core of the hurricane carved a cruel and deadly path


A two-year-old died, drowned as her mother tried


But incredibly, the rest of the people on this island


Don't worry, we're going to get you off the island and we're


going to get you to safety and you'll be taken care of.


The Prime Minister has travelled from neighbouring Antigua


We're going to get you all off the island very soon.


He knows this is a race against time before Hurricane Jose arrives


We heard him haggling for every boat, helicopter or plane to help


But fear starts to spread that not everyone will get out in time.


This woman's just been told she doesn't have


The sheer horrifying scale of the devastation here means that


That means that the whole island will have to be rebuilt.


And the government has already admitted it simply


The hope is that the funds will come from somewhere.


We're hoping that, you know, friendly governments


and international partners will step up to the plate and assist us.


They should not see this as a form of, let's say,


the Prime Minister and the people of Antigua and Barbuda coming


This is a disaster, a national disaster.


The fragments of people's lives now lie in ruins.


They can only hope that one day, they will once again


But for now, they must leave by any means possible,


And they don't know when they will return.


There's been criticism, including from MPs,


of the Government's response to the hurricane.


Three RAF aid flights are being sent to the Caribbean as part


of the relief effort to the British overseas territories.


A ship from the Royal Fleet Auxiliary is now traveling


to the British Virgin Islands, where a state of emergency


Nick Bryant reports from Nassau, in the Bahamas.


The Turks and Caicos, where the palm trees that usually


attract people to these islands reeled under the violent


onslaught of Hurricane Irma - a storm people here had been


A monster hurricane that's looked terrifying from space.


Now, a horrifying, on-the-ground reality.


Picture-postcard holiday destinations like the British Virgin


This UK territory has now declared a state of emergency.


The Bahamas are starting to be blasted.


The only sightseeing this morning, from the relative safety


of the balcony, watching the approaching storm.


Old imperial buildings that have stood for centuries in this former


British colony are braced, shuttered, prepared for the worst.


Elton Smith had only just finished rebuilding his business


from the last hurricane that caused such devastation less


This is one of the worst storms in living memory.


So, you know, you've got to get as much together as you can,


and plan for the worst, hope for the best.


There are five low-lying islands in the archipelago


which the authorities are particularly concerned about,


which is why the government here has ordered the biggest evacuation


But there are fears already for people who have stayed behind -


people who have defied those evacuation orders, people


who believe they can ride out this storm.


In hurricane-hit St Martin, this natural disaster has been


exacerbated by the man-made problem of looting.


Which is why, in the Dutch part of this territory,


the streets are being patrolled by troops who could be helping


As for Britain, it's stepped up its aid effort


following criticism it's been slow to respond.


RAF planes carrying equipment are now on their way.


And the Government says it's planning for the longer term.


What will be the reconstruction needs for these


What support will they need, and what can we give?


And we remain committed to ensure that that long-term work is done


and that reconstruction work is done, and we provide


So far, it's small Caribbean islands like St Martin that are being hit


by winds with the power to hurl containers through the air.


But all the time, Irma is barrelling towards the American mainland,


threatening destruction on a much larger scale.


Well, in Florida, the governor is warning


its 20 million residents to prepare to evacuate.


Around half a million people have already been ordered


to leave their homes, and the highways are clogged


with cars making their way out of the state.


Our correspondent Aleem Maqbool reports from Miami.


They're now calling this one of the biggest mass evacuations


The roads heading out of southern Florida are clogged,


Today is the day to do the right thing for your family


This storm is wider than our entire state, and is expected to cause


major and life-threatening impacts from coast to coast.


At Miami's airport, people scramble for the last


In one corner, we find a couple from Liverpool.


Luke decided to bring Megan here as a surprise.


Now, they're preparing to weather the storm of a lifetime.


We spent two days trying to get out of here, so we've just sort of given


up on the idea of getting out of here.


Our plan is to just wait in the airport until Sunday,


because they're adamant that our flight


But I just can't really see that happening.


I think it's more the inconvenience of being here and not


knowing when you're going home, what's happening.


I feel, like, the airport's quite a safe building to be in.


The area they had been staying in, normally packed with tourists,


is in the evacuation zone, and has been all but abandoned.


Well, just extraordinary to see Miami's iconic South Beach


as deserted as this, but it is an indication of just


how seriously people here are taking the warnings,


particularly having seen the type of destruction that's been wrought


If they are coming here, it's to fill pillowcases with sand,


to barricade their homes before Irma hits.


Donald Trump himself will be affected.


His Florida resort Mar-a-Lago has been forced to close,


and is in the projected path of the storm.


The National Guard's been deployed here.


They're stockpiling commodities that could become scarce in the coming


But they're also preparing for what's likely to be


Right across this state, there's a sense that


time is running out - to protect property...and lives.


Well, as well as the damage that is likely to be caused directly by the


strength of the winds in this hurricane, the other big fear is of


a massive storm surge, huge waves, which will because when it hits.


That's why I will not be able to stand where I am standing now, but


it is also why there are huge fears about these and other buildings


across the city, and to people as well, though. A great deal of


anxiety, which is why we are already seeing in some cases storm shutters


full to capacity. Young offenders from ethnic


minorities will become the next generation of criminals


unless the justice That's according to a review by


a Labour MP that recommends delaying David Lammy's report highlights how


25% of the prison population in England and Wales is from black


Asian and minority In the youth justice system last


year, that figure was 41%, compared And for drug offences,


those from BAME backgrounds were almost two-and-a-half times


more likely to be imprisoned. The Government says it will look


carefully at the suggestions, 70% of those behind bars


here are from an ethnic Keep getting stopped


and searched because I'm black. According to today's review,


there is bias and discrimination It's how you're looked at,


preconceptions, stuff like that. Stephan is serving six years


for drug offences but believes he is also being punished


because of the colour of his skin. I've been in prison for a while now


so I've met people in the past, when I first started my sentence,


that got less time than me The same drugs, but a lot worse


than I done, but they got a shorter The reasons why ethnic minorities


are overrepresented in the criminal The Lammy Review says it's


about highlighting inequality in the way people who have committed


crimes are judged and punished. When we are describing groups


of young ethnic minorities, in particular black,


the term "gang" is used. Swathes of young people who may not


necessarily be serious gang members, they may be affiliated,


loosely affiliated to a gang, they may live in a gang


neighbourhood, they may have been incorrectly labelled with that term,


end up receiving harsher sentences. At Brixton Police Station,


Shaquille is taking part in a rehabilitation scheme called


Divert, which helps offenders find I've seen people as young as 11, 12,


smoking weed on the street. In certain places where you go to,


people just grow up in a mentality As a young person, to get


involved with crime is just The Lammy Review has more than 30


recommendations for change. Proposals include removing


identifying information about ethnicity when cases


are passed from police to prosecutors, so racial bias


doesn't influence charging decisions, and not declaring


criminal records for minor offences If I go for a job and I show


them my criminal history record, whatever, they will be like,


"Yeah, this person, The government says


it is committed to making Reviews and recommendations


are a start. Now actions are needed to reform


the character and culture of parts The United Nations is warning


of an unprecedented It says more than a quarter


of a million people have fled the country in recent days,


a dramatic increase The refugees, from the country's


Muslim Rohingya minority, are fleeing an army


crackdown against insurgents. The UN says 270,000 people have


crossed into Bangladesh Many of them accuse Myanmar's army


of indiscriminate atrocities. Our correspondent Jonathan Head


reports from the north of Rakhine province,


where he's seen evidence of the operation to drive


Rohingya Muslims from their homes. This is northern Rakhine state,


two weeks after attacks by Rohingya militants provoked a ferocious


backlash from the army Muslim villages are still being


razed to the ground, their inhabitants driven in vast


numbers over into Bangladesh. These are scenes I was


not supposed to see. I'd been invited on a government-run


tour of the troubled We could only see places


the government approved of. Even so, the devastation


we witnessed was staggering. Village after village,


destroyed or deserted. The military officer in charge


of border security told us that it is the Muslim terrorists,


as he calls the Rohingya militants, who are burning down the villages


to force the people away Of all the villages that


have been burnt down, have they all been burnt down


by Muslim militants? Is that what we are saying,


all of them, 100%? But why, then, is this


town still smouldering, two weeks after it was first


attacked and days after its Muslim Why could we see more smoke rising


ominously in the distance? We were taken to a Rakhine


Buddhist village. Hatred and fear of Muslims


is intense here, all the more Like the government,


they don't accept that Rohingyas, Bengalis, they call them,


belong in Myanmar. We don't like, never


liked Bengali people. This is my mother land,


my father land, not Bengali land. By chance, we spotted


a fire close to the road, It was a Muslim village


called Goduthaya. The roof of the madrassa had


just been set alight. Islamic school books


were strewn across the path. This happened within walking


distance of a large police barracks. We've just arrived at this village,


and as you can see from these fires, In fact, we bumped into the people


who almost certainly lit them, carrying machetes, not


wanting to talk. But one did admit, yes,


they set these buildings alight The government has claimed that


all of the village destruction is at the hands of Muslim militants


and Rohingya inhabitants. What we've seen here tells us


a very different story, a story of ethnic cleansing,


of driving Muslims out We still don't know the fate


of the people who once lived here, who left


many of their possessions behind. They may be in Bangladesh,


or still trapped in a country It seems certain, though,


that they are never coming home. Jonathan Head, BBC News,


northern Rakhine state. A brief look at some


of the day's other news stories. The Chief Constable


of Police Scotland, Phil Gormley, has stood down while a complaint


about him is investigated. Mr Gormley, who has taken leave,


said he denies allegations Northern Ireland politician


Ian Paisley has denied a claim that he failed to declare ?100,000


of holidays to Sri Lanka in 2013, paid for by that


country's government. The DUP MP has referred himself


to the Parliamentary Standards Commission,


following a newspaper report. He said the article


was "devoid of fact or logic". A father who was drunk


and asleep when his dog killed his three-week-old son has


been jailed at Ryan Young was sentenced to 21


months in prison for being in charge His son Reggie Young was mauled


at the family home in Sunderland A woman in Newcastle has been


sentenced to six years in prison for trafficking underage girls


with a gang of mainly Asian men, who gave them drugs


and used them for sex. Carolann Gallon was the only woman


among 18 people convicted as part of Operation Sanctuary,


as Fiona Trott reports. Carolann Gallon targeted


children as young as 13. Abdulhamid Minoyee raped a woman


with learning difficulties. Both part of a grooming network


jailed for over 160 years. The police say the perpetrators


were mainly men from Indian, Bangladeshi and Pakistani


backgrounds. You can't escape the fact that they


are from particular communities. And I think that however difficult


it is, that avoidance of political correctness has to expand


into the debates It may well be that there isn't


something at the end of that debate, that there isn't an underlying


reason, that it's something Operation Sanctuary started in 2013


when the victims of Gallon The next stage was this,


raids across the city. In houses like this one, vulnerable


girls and women were abused. They paid a convicted child rapist


to act as an informant, a move that The police say the information


helped put perpetrators behind bars. The predators who cruised these


streets have now been jailed but their crimes have had


a lasting effect. This woman has even


considered moving away. Because of that, we decided to stay


here, but it is very For the men in this community,


some feel they have been branded. A lot of people have the opinion


about, "Yeah, they are all Muslim". So then everyone is going to judge


every single Muslim, like, "Yeah, That's why conversations


are continuing about how Some of the women I've spoken


to have said, "What do we do, do we keep our daughters locked


indoors, stop them And there are some really good


projects out in the west end The community is bigger than this


minority who committed Their victims now know the trauma


of giving evidence wasn't in vain. The final defendant is due


to be sentenced for drugs Nearly 60 people have been killed


in what's been described as the strongest earthquake to hit


Mexico in a century. The quake had a magnitude of 8.2


and struck off the Pacific coast. Daylight revealed the destruction


the most powerful quake to hit In less than a minute, Yucatan's


town hall was reduced to rubble. At least 17 of its


citizens were killed. The truth, I have no words


to explain what happened. This is the moment it hit,


a bowling alley in Chiapas, the closest state to


the quake's at epicentre. 600 miles away, the tremors


rocked Mexico City. As people pick through the remnants


of their lives, there are fears that there could be more strong


aftershocks to come. TRANSLATION: So far there have


been 65 aftershocks. However, it is possible that over


the next 24 hours we could see a shock that is as strong


as the earthquake. This is a country used


to earthquakes, but not It's left families devastated


and infrastructure destroyed. The use of potentially addictive


painkillers across England has doubled in the last 15 years,


according to a leading health group. 50,000 patients were studied


who were prescribed at least one of four types


of potentially addictive drugs. Opioid painkillers, such


as codeine and tramadol, In 2015 they were issued


to one patient in 20, The length of time people


are being prescribed opioid painkillers has also increased,


from just over two months in 2000, to a peak of over


three months in 2014. Dominic Hughes has been meeting some


of those whose lives have been shattered by their dependence


on prescription drugs. A few months before,


I was this normal guy, working full-time, with kids


and a wife, and happy. And then all of a sudden,


I'm basically a drug addict. A routine prescription drug led


James to the brink of destruction. We'll have a look


at your urine test. He's now getting help to deal


with a crippling addiction to powerful opioid painkillers,


commonly prescribed drugs James' problems started


with severe stomach aches. But the painkillers he was


prescribed quickly stopped working. Desperate for pain relief,


he was soon spending ?400 a month on additional supplies


from online pharmacies. He went from taking


eight pills a day to 50, and almost before he knew it,


his life had spiralled I thought it would be fine, I would


be on the tablets short-term. But then before I knew it,


I couldn't get off them. For James, the side-effects


were terrible. Headaches, nausea, constipation,


and then a series of seizures It can ruin your life


without you knowing, because I do believe that probably


within a year if I had carried on taking the same amounts,


or increasing, it probably Research in just a handful of GP


practices in James' town identified more than 100 people


dependent on painkillers. But responsibility for helping them


falls between the NHS and local councils, and schemes like the one


that James is on are rare. The key seems to be a better


understanding of the nature of pain. That's what they are trying


in Gloucestershire. Talking to doctors and pharmacists


about pain management, as well as identifying and helping


patients who are struggling. Most people with persistent pain


will describe it as severe. No one should stop their medication


before seeking the advice of their GP, but one


of the country's leading pain experts says it is clear that


patients using opioid drugs for a long time are often getting


little benefit but suffer I'm not suggesting that somebody


who is benefiting should have their drugs removed,


but out of a population who are taking these drugs,


the majority will not be benefiting, and those patients should


be supported to come Playing Jenga here


at her grandma's... Stephen Jones knows just how


devastating it can be when the use of opioid painkillers


is not monitored closely. An accidental overdose


killed his 24-year-old daughter, Sarah, after her use escalated


dramatically. Stephen took the call


from a paramedic. I had never felt like


that ever in my life. It was literally the worst


day of my life, that. I hope I never have


to go through it again. No father expects to be


at their child's funeral. Stephen Jones talking to our health


correspondent, Dominic Hughes. Cricket, and James Anderson has


become the first English bowler He reached the milestone this


afternoon at Lord's, in the deciding Test


against the West Indies. Ball in his hand, he runs


in over the measured steps to the summit of a cricket


Everest. 500th Test match wicket


for James Anderson, the first English player to reach that mark,


and just the sixth cricketer ever. And here, a perfect


demonstration of his skills. 15 years ago, Anderson


first packed his bags Hairstyles have come


and gone, injuries and And when he waved to the crowd


at Lord's today, it wasn't goodbye. Even today, even in this Test match,


do you feel that you're I try and soak up as much as I can


from coaches or other players, and try and add that to my game


if I can. After rain delays earlier


in the day, play here continued And in the context of this match,


Anderson's 501st wicket The West Indies finished


the day three wickets down in their second innings,


but 22 runs ahead. Anderson back to work


in the morning. A 13-year-old girl who died


from a brain aneurysm has helped a record eight people,


including five children, Jemima Layzell, from


Somerset, died in 2012. Her parents said she was clever,


compassionate and creative, and would have been "very proud


of her legacy". It was just before her mum's


birthday party five years ago that She had an aneurysm that had


never been diagnosed, and doctors told her parents


nothing could be done. We'd seen the scans and there


was such a huge shadow on the left side of the brain


that she could never, ever recover. By chance, Jemima had spoken


to her parents about organ donation just a few days


before she collapsed. When she died, they felt they had


to follow the schoolgirl's wishes. She did specifically


say that she wanted How did that help you make


the decision, when you knew It made that decision


so much easier. It's like an automatic thing, "Yes,


absolutely, because that's Five years on, Jemima's family have


now been told that her organs, including her heart,


lungs and kidneys, have helped more What kind of comfort does it give


you to know that there are eight people out there whose lives have


either been saved And it is exciting to know that life


is continuing because of her. Freddie is one of


those Jemima saved. He'd been given just


weeks to live before he received her liver


in a transplant. This week, he started


secondary school. Thank you, but that just


doesn't seem enough. You're grateful that they actually


stuck to Jemima's wishes and let her donate her organs,


which allowed our child to live. But obviously for our child to live,


their child had to die. This month the two families


will meet for the first time at a charity ball organised


in Jemima's memory. Her parents know that not everyone


would make the decision they did, but with more than 6000 people


waiting for transplants, they are now campaigning for more


of us to register as donors. Now on BBC One, time


for the news where you are.