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The Government backs down and offers
MPs a chance to vote on the detail
of the final Brexit deal.
It's a last-minute concession,
ahead of a controversial
Brexit legislation debate,
which returns to
the Commons tomorrow.
Parliament will be given time
to debate, scrutinise and vote
on the final agreement we strike
with the European Union.
This agreement will only hold
if Parliament approves it.
These questions have been
pressing for months.
This last-minute attempt
to climb down brings them
into very sharp focus.
But the Government's warning that
a vote against the deal means the UK
will leave with no agreement leaves
some MPs unimpressed.
A BBC investigation reveals a deal
to allow so-called IS fighters
to escape the Syrian city of Raqqa.
Where are they now?
It's here that they realised
that they might live
to fight another day.
The deal to get them out
of here is the deal that no-one
wants to talk about.
It's Raqqa's dirty secret.
The force of the earthquake that
struck Iraq and Iran,
killing over 350 people.
The British woman
imprisoned in Iran.
The Foreign Secretary apologises
for mishandling her case
and increasing her distress.
And the ten million tonnes of food
we throw away every year -
that experts say is mostly good
enough to eat.
And coming up on
Sportsday on BBC News:
1958 was the last time Italy failed
to make it to the World Cup.
Can Sweden prevent them
from reaching Russia next year?
In a political climbdown,
the Government has offered MPs
the opportunity to debate the final
Brexit agreement line
by line - and potentially
vote to amend it.
But the Brexit Secretary,
David Davis, couldn't guarantee
the bill will happen before Brexit
day, in March 2019, and warned
that if MPs use the bill
to vote against the deal -
whatever it is - Britain will simply
leave the EU without an agreement.
It appears to have been a move
to appease Tory rebels, ahead
of a key Brexit debate tomorrow.
But it's infuriated many MPs on both
sides of the Commons.
Here's our political
editor, Laura Kuenssberg.
The trappings of power at the Prime
Minister at London's glittering
Guildhall tonight. An evening away
from the Parliamentary grind, trying
to avoid being hit by the Golden
mace. Less surprising were her
reassurances about her Brexit
There will be ups and downs along
the way. But I believe we should
embrace this period with confidence
The Government is not too cheery
about getting their Brexit
legislation through the Commons.
Secretary David Davis. This
afternoon, at -- a concession, a new
act of Parliament on the final
I can confirm that once we reach an
agreement, we will bring forward is
Pacific Pisa primary legislation to
implement that agreement. Parliament
will be given time to debate,
scrutinise and boat on the final
agreement we strike with the
This will only hold a Parliament
Giving in Sorum Tory
and Labour demands for Parliament to
have a proper decision if and when a
deal is done.
It is a recognition by
the Government that it is about to
lose a series of boats on the
Withdrawal Bill. Mr Speaker, these
questions have been pressing for
months, this last-minute attempt to
climb down brings them into very
sharp focus and we are entitled to
Stop Brexit! In other words, what
took you so long to admit that
Parliament would need a make or
break Brexit moment?
There has been the is resistance to
the laws already going through the
Commons and this was meant to take
some of the wind out of the sails of
the rebels but if there is no deal
and no time, could there be no vote?
If we run out of time, none of these
suggestions that have been put
forward is that the time has to be
extended under Article 50 so that
all parties are able to deal with
If the House of Commons votes
down the new Withdrawal Bill, will
the consequence be that we will
still leave on the 29th of March
2019 but without an agreement?
What was that?
The Secretary of
State said, yes.
So does it change that much? There
is still an happiness swirling
I have to say a lot of us
were insulted by this because it
sounded so good and when you dug
into the detail, you realised this
so-called meaningful vote was
It matters not so much here, but in
the real world. European business
equipped in Number 10 today to make
it plain to the Prime Minister.
Jobs, millions of families
livelihoods depend on her getting
Laura, the timing of this
intervention by the Government
is key, but how meaningful is this
suggested new bill and is it enough
to keep the Government out
of difficulty with its own MPs?
I think it is certainly not enough
to keep the Godman out of trouble
with its own MPs. The timing of this
is absolutely crucial. It is no
current system is the Government
caved on this particular issue
today. Tomorrow, the Withdrawal Bill
as it is known gets into its next
stage in the House of Commons and
there will be between now and
Christmas line by line, day by day,
arguments on hundreds of amendments
over how the Government wants to
take us out of the EU as they try to
transpose European law back onto the
British statute book. But the idea
that suddenly emerged by surprise
today of having another Withdrawal
Bill much later in the stage to give
MPs a Finals Day was intended to
calm down all the tempers that were
already fraying over what would
happen in the next few months and
has it allowed those tempers to cool
down? It does not seem that way to
me. I am told by people on both
sides inside the Tory Party that
there was a stormy meeting between
the Chief Whip, in charge of party
discipline, and a dozen key Tory
rebels about this matter this
afternoon. Both sides concede it was
stormy, that is political code for
quite grim and probably with a lot
of shouting involved. Ministers know
that they are going to have to give
ground in the coming months and may
have known for a long time they
would have the net and took and
compromise here and there, but
today's attempt at conceding, which
is not something a competent
government would have done, has
knocked -- has not waved a magic
wand to make this all go away.
When US-backed Syrian fighters took
full control of the city of Raqqa,
it ended three years of rule
there by so-called Islamic State.
But now the BBC has uncovered
details of a secret deal that let
several hundred IS fighters escape.
IS made Raqqa, in northern Syria,
its headquarters in early 2014.
Last month, Raqqa fell,
but this programme has learnt that
in exchange for a deal to save lives
and bring peace to the city,
a convoy carrying several
hundred IS fighters,
their families and weapons
and ammunition were able
to leave the city freely.
The question now is,
where are they now?
Our Middle East correspondent,
has this exclusive report.
Even at peace, with the so-called
Islamic State gone, Raqqa
is still deadly dangerous.
Few of its roads have been cleared.
The fighting stopped here a month
ago, but there are still mines
and booby traps everywhere.
Most of the city is a no-go zone.
Hardly anyone has been
allowed to return.
But we made it inside,
searching for a trail
through the debris, looking
for clues to the Islamic
State's escape route.
The city hospital was their last
refuge and it's here
where our journey begins.
The group's final defeat came thanks
not to a battle, but to a bus ride.
The convoy left from here,
the city hospital.
They'd been holed up
inside for months.
On it were IS fighters,
their families and hostages,
but we're told the mood was not
dejected, it was not defeated.
They were defiant.
It was here that they realised
that they might live to fight
The deal to get them out
of here is the deal that no
one wants to talk about.
It's Raqqa's dirty secret.
So did Kurds, Arabs and the Western
coalition get together and agree
a deal that not only allowed
IS to escape from Raqqa,
but also allowed its fiercest
fighters to roam far and wide
from the confines of this city?
They left a city lonely,
empty and in ruins.
The hunt begins here in Raqqa,
but would take us across
northern Syria and beyond.
The deal started
with a media blackout.
The Islamic State's escape
was not to be televised.
But, thanks to amateur footage...
We see that this was a convoy
and a deal too large to hide.
The world was told only a few dozen
local fighters were being let go.
No foreigners and no weapons.
But the trucks were crammed
full of fighters, some
wearing suicide belts.
All were heavily armed.
After days of searching,
we picked up the trail at a truck
stop on the outskirts of Tabqa.
Here, we discovered the drivers,
all civilians, who drove
IS to freedom.
They had been hired
by the Kurdish-led Syrian
It was the longest
journey of their lines.
Their trucks were rigged
with IS bombs, in case
the deal collapsed.
They had been told they were picking
up only a few hundred civilians,
that it would be a quick job.
They ended up driving day
and night for three days.
Everybody's been saying only
a couple of hundred at the absolute
maximum IS fighters left Raqqa.
You took them out, tell us how
many you transported.
We were 47 trucks
and 13 buses, and IS militants
took their own vehicles, as well.
Our convoy was 6-7 kilometres long.
We took out around 4,000 people,
including women and children.
Tell me about the foreigners
that were on the trucks,
where were they from?
Yemen, Saudi, China,
There was a huge
number of foreigners.
This couldn't look like the Islamic
State's escape to victory,
so the SDF insisted there would be
no flags and no banners.
Instead, IS fighters sat boldly
on top of the trucks.
The axle on one lorry broke, it was
so overloaded with IS weaponry.
When they made it to the village
of Shenina, they stopped
at this person's shop.
Pale and hungry, the IS fighters
cleared his shelves.
We were at the shop
here and an SDF vehicle stopped
to say there was a truce agreement
between them and IS.
They wanted us to clear the area.
As soon as we did so,
an IS convoy came passing through.
There were about 4,000 people
leaving Raqqa on that road here.
It took them about 2-3 hours.
It was bumper-to-bumper.
Coalition aircraft flew
above them, but did nothing.
The convoy drove on.
We kept close on its tracks, for
here is where IS hoped to disappear.
They left the main road.
Mahmoud watched as they took a dirt
trail into the desert.
As they passed, they warned
that they would behead
the people who'd betrayed them.
were loads of vehicles.
I could not count them all.
It took them about four
hours to pass through.
We have been living in terror
for the past four, five years.
It will take us a while to
rid ourselves of that
We feel that they may
be coming back for us,
or send sleeper agents.
We're still not sure
that they have gone for good
and will not ever return.
Responding to our investigation,
the coalition now admits that
thousands were allowed
to leave here.
But foreigners did not
escape, it maintains.
Some of those who escaped have
already made it here to Turkey.
Raqqa was their capital,
but it was also a cage.
There, they were trapped.
The deal brought peace to the city,
but it also allowed some of the most
battle-hardened IS fighters
to escape not just Raqqa,
but also Syria, and arrive
here on Europe's doorstep.
The winds have carried news
of the Islamic State's defeat,
but they bring with them a warning
and a threat from a smuggler
and a former IS fighter.
After IS crumbled
in Raqqa and Deir ez-Zur,
the smugglers here noticed a surge
in the numbers of those
who are trying to cross into Turkey.
They are mostly IS fighters and
families from Raqqa and Deir ez-Zur.
They are both
foreigners and Syrians.
There are some French
brothers from our group who left
for France to carry out attacks
in what would be called
a day of reckoning.
The caliphate has gone,
but the Islamic State
is still out there.
BBC News, Istanbul.
More than 400 people
have been killed
in a powerful earthquake that's
struck the northern
border of Iran and Iraq.
Another 7,000 were injured
and the casualty figure
is expected to rise on both
sides of the border.
A major rescue operation is
underway, but it is being hampered
by landslides and power cuts.
The epicentre of the quake,
which measured 7.3,
was just under 20 miles
south of Halabja.
One of the worst-hit
areas was Sarpol-e Zahab,
as James Robbins reports.
The moment the Earth
starts shaking violently.
A man runs for his life
from the control room of this dam,
as massive boulders
are hurled around outside.
The dam wall was not breached.
But, elsewhere, devastation.
In Iran, the border town
of Sarpol-e Zahab was hit hardest.
As entire walls collapsed,
many families did manage
to flee their homes,
but others were crushed or buried.
At a local hospital, there were
many stories of narrow escape.
I fell from the balcony down.
The earthquake was very strong.
shattered the window,
which fell on me, and it
wounded my hand and my face.
Rescue has been made more difficult
by the mountainous terrain.
Iranian authorities are pouring
resources in, but landslides
and power cuts are slowing
both rescue efforts and
the task of establishing
the full extent of casualties.
This quake was 7.3 in magnitude
and happened in a known danger zone.
The surface of the Earth is made
up of tectonic plates,
and, in this case, the Arabian plate
has been moving roughly northwards
against the Eurasian plate at a rate
of two centimetres -
just under an inch a year.
Forces build up
and eventually are very suddenly
released with devastating effect.
The destruction in Iran is greater
than in neighbouring Iraq,
where a major rescue
operation is also under way.
Rami Ruhayem is there.
This area is one of the hardest hit
in Iraq by Sunday's earthquake.
We are told seven people were inside
this home when it collapsed.
Two of them were killed
and others were injured.
Several other buildings suffered
similar damage to this one,
but, fortunately, they seem to be
the exception rather than the rule,
and most of the other homes
in the region managed to withstand
the impact of the earthquake.
For the survivors,
night-time is the toughest.
In rapidly falling temperatures,
families are huddled around fires.
Even where buildings are intact,
fear of after-shocks
will keep people outdoors.
James Robbins, BBC News.
The Foreign Secretary has admitted
for the first time that he made
a mistake in his handling
of the case
of Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe -
the British woman held
in prison in Iran.
Boris Johnson apologised
for the distress and suffering
he had caused her and her family
by wrongly saying that she was
training journalists in Iran,
as opposed to being on holiday.
He also confirmed that he would be
meeting Mrs Zaghari-Ratcliffe's
husband this week.
Our special correspondent, Lucy
Manning, has been speaking to him.
A mother singing with her daughter
just a week before her arrest.
Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe has now
been separated from three-year-old
Gabriella for a year and a half.
With her health deteriorating
in an Iranian prison and the words
of politicians here appearing
to harm her case, her
husband has this message
for the Foreign Secretary.
I want you to solve
this mess in your name.
And I stand by that.
I think it's not a mess that's
entirely the Foreign Secretary's
making, by any means,
but it is a mess that his name has
been attached to and it is getting
deeper and more complicated
because of that.
He will take these requests
to a meeting with the Foreign
Secretary this week.
You're going to go to Iran.
And when you go, I'd
like to go with you.
I'd like to be on that plane,
I'd like to be standing next to you,
for the symbolism that has.
The second thing is that Nazanin be
given diplomatic protection.
That is within the gift
of the Government.
Mr Johnson had been less than clear
in backing the family's account that
Mrs Zaghari-Ratcliffe was in Iran
when she was arrested.
When you look at what
was doing, you just,
you know, she was simply
teaching people journalism,
as I understand it.
Today, Labour demanded answers
about Mrs Zaghari-Ratcliffe's case
from the Foreign Secretary,
who had to return from Brussels.
It is not good enough.
If it is a matter of pride
that the Foreign Secretary
is refusing to admit simply
that he has made a mistake, well,
then I feel bound to say to him
that his pride matters not one ounce
compared to Nazanin's freedom.
Mr Johnson was apologetic.
It was my mistake.
I should have been clearer.
I apologise for the distress...
I apologise for the distress
and anguish that has been caused
to Mrs Zaghari-Ratcliffe
and her family.
Ministers are considering
if diplomatic protection can be
given to Mrs Zaghari-Ratcliffe,
which would turn it from a consular
issue into a more serious dispute
between the UK and Iran.
But it's not clear if
this would help her.
Mrs Zaghari-Ratcliffe's employers
were insistent her job
was an administrative one.
We don't work in Iran.
To start with, the Thomson Reuters'
condition doesn't work there.
And we have no relations with Iran.
But on top of that,
she was really on holiday.
And let me tell you,
she's not spy material at all.
Her family just want her home.
Young Gabriella cried when her visit
to her mum in prison this
weekend was cut short.
Lucy Manning, BBC News.
A man has been has been found guilty
of carrying out an acid attack
at a London nightclub
in which 16 people
were seriously injured.
In CCTV, you can see
25-year-old Arthur Collins
throw the corrosive substance
at the Mangle Club,
in east London, in April.
He was convicted of 14 charges,
including grievous bodily harm.
An inquest has heard
that Welsh Government
minister Carl Sergeant -
who was sacked after allegations
about his conduct - hanged himself.
His body was discovered at his home
in Flintshire last week.
Mr Sergeant was facing
a Labour Party investigation
following claims about his behaviour
by a number of women.
Bob Geldof has returned his honour
granting him freedom of the city
of Dublin in protest at the Myanmar
leader Aung San Suu Kyi
receiving the same award.
She has faced criticism
for the treatment of the Rohingya
minority in her country.
MPs in Westminster have
been debating a budget
for Northern Ireland,
ten months after the power-sharing
government at Stormont collapsed.
Despite talks, the DUP and Sinn Fein
have failed to agree a deal
to restore devolution since then.
Our Ireland correspondent, Chris
Buckler, is at Stormont tonight.
Chris, this is not something
But not having a budget has had an
effect. Yes, public services have
been running out of cash without a
power-sharing executive Westminster
has had to step in and the
announcement tonight the promise of
an extra 15 million for health and
education, money that has come from
the million pound deal the DUP did
to support the Tories at Westminster
but relationships there have not
helped relationships that Stormont
and Sinn Fein and the DUP are deeply
divided. James Brokenshire I was at
pains in the Commons to say it was
not the start of direct rule, where
London would take over the running
of departments in Belfast. He wants
a deal between parties here he said.
Sinn Fein said negotiations are over
for the moment and the DUP have been
taking the instruction of direct
rule in a matter of weeks. We have a
limbo for Northern Ireland
government between devolution and
direct rule and without anyone able
to make decisions. Frankly, that
cannot go one for ever.
Global carbon-dioxide emissions
are projected to rise
for the first time in four years.
Scientists at a United Nations
climate conference in Germany say
the main cause of the growth
is the greater use of coal in China,
as its economy grows.
Researchers say cuts in emissions
are needed to avoid dangerous global
warming later this century,
as our science editor,
David Shukman, explains.
For more than a week now,
the people of Delhi have been
suffering in air that
has become toxic.
Smog created by countless
engines burning fossil
fuels, including coal.
Coal is one of the biggest sources
of pollution worldwide.
Power stations such as this one
in Poland belch out gases
including carbon dioxide,
and despite promises to clean up,
emissions are actually increasing.
For countries in the path
of devastating hurricanes,
like the ones that struck
the Caribbean earlier this year,
this is depressing.
Because global warming may bring
more extreme weather.
And it seems to them that little
is being done to stop it.
This is very worrying for us.
I would hate to say that it
sounds a death knell,
but it translates into that,
given this summer we have had such
an active hurricane season.
We know what Irma and Maria
did to the region.
This new research finds that more
and more carbon dioxide
is being released from power
stations, factories and different
forms of transport.
And this matters because the gas
traps heat in the atmosphere.
This graph shows how emissions
of carbon dioxide have risen over
almost three decades.
In the last few years,
they have been levelling off,
which was seen as a positive sign.
But this year, there has suddenly
been an increase of 2%.
So what is happening and who is to
blame around the world?
In America, emissions of carbon
dioxide have fallen slightly
and that is despite President Trump
wanting to leave
the Paris agreement.
In Europe, they are on course
to be down as well.
But in China they are up,
as the economy picks up
and more coal is burned.
Climate scientists say it is vital
that less coal is used
if we are to have any chance
of heading off the worst
of global warming.
But President Trump is promoting
the coal industry and he wants
America to help other countries
to use it.
There are countries that have said
that coal is going to be
part of our energy mix
for the foreseeable future, many
in Asia and some in Africa as well.
And they have been clear that
because coal is going to be part
of their energy mix in the future,
they want support for
cleaner coal technology.
There is now a battle over a fuel
that many economies rely on.
There are plans to make
coal cleaner, to use it
without releasing carbon dioxide.
But this is not much of a reality
so far and, in the meantime,
there are warnings that emissions
need to fall rapidly,
not rise, as they are now.
Now, it looks pretty revolting.
Just some of the ten million tonnes
of food we throw away each year.
And despite what it looks
like here, experts say much
of it is good enough to eat.
There is waste throughout
the food supply chain,
but it's thought that the biggest
problem lies with consumers -
that's us - and campaigners
are urging families to be much more
careful about what they throw away,
as Jeremy Cooke explains.
OK, it is past its sell-by date.
But this is, or was, food.
processed, and discarded.
A super-sized serving
of stinking waste.
It's amazing how much food is thrown
out, and it's amazing how long it's
taken the message to get through.
If you don't have to
eat it, don't buy it.
The striking thing here
is the tonnes of food waste
that we all throw away all the time.
This stuff has come from bars
and restaurants and businesses
and there are mountains of it piling
up here every day.
Across the country,
we throw away 10 million
tonnes of food every year.
That's £17 billion worth in the bin.
And we're told 60%
of that is avoidable -
food that could have and should
have been eaten.
There is waste through
the entire supply chain.
From in the field,
in the manufacturing,
in the restaurant, in the retail,
in the supermarket, distribution,
and in the kitchen at home.
Overproduction is a fact
of the modern food industry.
Most of the surplus - good,
nutritious stuff - goes to waste.
But here there's another way.
All of this, if it wasn't
for Fareshare, would end
up going in the bin.
At the Fareshare charity,
they take the surplus and use
it to feed the hungry.
The thing that really drives us nuts
is it is going to waste
while there are people going hungry.
We feed at the moment half
a million people a week,
half a million people a week,
with this food.
We do that to 7000 front-line
charity and community groups.
Which is good news here
at the Melton Learning Hub,
where disadvantaged kids get
good, fresh food.
For our kids it means
they get hot meal.
They definitely get
a hot meal every day.
Lots of different circumstances
the young people come to us
in and it is a brilliant way
of using food that would,
as you say, go to waste.
But Luke and his mates know
that this is the exception.
Most surplus food is
simply thrown away.
This stuff, if it was like left
on the shelf, it would get put
into storage and get put
in landfills and that
and that's not good.
Tackling the issue will mean dumping
less food and doing more
with whatever goes in the bin.
Here it is used to make valuable
fertiliser to generate
gas and electricity.
But most of our discarded food
still goes to the incinerator
or to landfill - perhaps
the definition of waste
in a hungry world.
Jeremy Cooke, BBC News.
The four-time winners
of football's World Cup - Italy -
have been eliminated from the finals
next year in Russia.
The Italians could only draw nil-nil
in the second leg of their match
against Sweden in Milan.
It's the first time Italy
has failed to qualify
for the World Cup finals since 1958.
The new stage adaptation
of the 1970s film Network -
a satire on television news's
obsession with ratings -
has had its world premiere
tonight in London.
Its star, Bryan Cranston,
from the cult television
series Breaking Bad -
has been speaking to our Arts
editor, Will Gompertz,
about his concerns about the impact
of social media on news and
the current climate in Hollywood.
They met at the National Theatre.
A very interesting perspective.
Because I've never sat out
here, looking that way.
It's quite an impressive
set, though, isn't it?
You were an overnight success,
you could argue, at fifty-ish.
Although they may look the same.
Bryan Cranston became
an international superstar
in the hit TV show Breaking Bad.
Playing Walter White,
a chemistry teacher who becomes
a drug-dealing criminal.
Breaking Bad was a phenomenal
experience for me.
It changed my life completely.
And here he is in another
I'm as mad as hell and I'm not
going to take it any more!
In the National Theatre's stage
adaptation of the 1970s film
Network, in which his character
loses it on air and becomes
a ratings sensation.
In the '70s it was clearly a satire.
Network in 2017 is no
longer a satire.
It is profound and it is
what we are living in.
This inundation of information
is not necessarily a good thing.
That our children can
access not only horrific
acts of real violence
on their cellphone, but pornography.
Anything and everything
is accessible now.
It's not good for society.
It's starting to feel
like a dark age in Hollywood.
Is there a way back
for the Weinsteins and
Spaceys of this world?
If they were to show us
that they put the work
in and are truly sorry,
and making amends, and not
defending their actions,
but asking for forgiveness,
then maybe down the road
there is room for that.
Character transformation is becoming
a theme of Bryan Cranston's
late career as a star
of stage and screen.
From crystal-meth-cooking teachers
to mad-as-hell newscasters.
Will Gompertz, BBC News.
Newsnight is coming up on BBC Two.
Here's Evan Davis.
On August 30th this year,
a massacre occurred in a village
called Tula Toli, in Mynamar.
Our team has been piecing together
what happened that day.
The testimony they've acquired
makes a disturbing film,