14/11/2017 BBC News at Ten


14/11/2017

The latest national and international news, with reports from BBC correspondents worldwide.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 14/11/2017. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

Tonight at Ten: A special report

from Yemen, where millions

0:00:050:00:08

of lives are now threatened

by famine and fighting.

0:00:080:00:15

In the capital, school children

suffer - in endless airstrikes

0:00:150:00:17

by the Saudi-led coaliton.

0:00:170:00:20

And in the vast camps

for the displaced, we see

0:00:200:00:22

the consequences of aid

supplies being blocked.

0:00:220:00:30

The war here has created so much

misery, with lives disrupted.

0:00:300:00:33

And the recent escalation

of the conflict mean that many more

0:00:330:00:35

people will be relying

on the kindness of strangers,

0:00:350:00:37

just to survive.

0:00:370:00:39

We'll have the latest

on the UN warnings of

0:00:390:00:42

a humanitarian catastrophe.

0:00:420:00:44

Also tonight:

0:00:440:00:47

A firearms dealer has been found

guilty of supplying guns and bullets

0:00:470:00:50

linked to more than a hundred

crimes, including three murders.

0:00:500:00:56

The scene in the House of Commons,

as Parliament starts to look

0:00:560:00:59

in detail at the legislation that

will lead to Brexit.

0:00:590:01:03

Six months after his election win,

we ask France's President Macron

0:01:030:01:05

for his views on Trump and Putin.

0:01:050:01:10

£17 billion - the annual

cost of wasted food,

0:01:100:01:12

as campaigners say that it's time

for much tougher measures.

0:01:120:01:18

And Denmark have ended the Republic

of Ireland's hopes of reaching

0:01:180:01:20

the World Cup finals.

0:01:200:01:24

And in the Sport on BBC News:

0:01:240:01:27

England continue their World Cup

preparations with a glamour tie

0:01:270:01:30

against Brazil's Samba Boys at

Wembley.

0:01:300:01:33

Good evening.

0:01:540:01:55

The United Nations is warning

that the desperate humanitarian

0:01:550:01:58

crisis in Yemen is worsening,

and that unless aid is allowed in,

0:01:580:02:02

millions more lives will be at risk.

0:02:020:02:05

The crisis began in 2015,

when Houthi rebels -

0:02:050:02:08

backed by Iran - ousted

the President and took control

0:02:080:02:10

of parts of the country.

0:02:100:02:13

A coalition, led by Saudi Arabia,

then began a campaign of airstrikes,

0:02:130:02:17

to try to restore the government.

0:02:170:02:20

Two years on, extreme hunger

and disease are killing an estimated

0:02:200:02:23

130 children every day.

0:02:230:02:27

The conflict has left 80%

of the country in need

0:02:270:02:29

of humanitarian aid.

0:02:290:02:32

Seven million people are fully

reliant on food aid,

0:02:320:02:35

much of which is now not able to get

through because of a blockade.

0:02:350:02:38

From Yemen, my colleague, Clive

Myrie, sent this extended report.

0:02:380:02:41

This is a story about war

and its humiliations.

0:02:440:02:47

The stripping of dignity.

0:02:470:02:50

But it's also about

the desert trek to safety.

0:02:500:02:53

It's a story of survival.

0:02:530:02:57

There's panic at a school

in the Yemeni capital, Sana'a.

0:03:060:03:08

A city under Houthi rebel control.

0:03:080:03:11

FRENZIED SHOUTING

0:03:110:03:14

A Saudi-coalition air strike

targeting a nearby building has

0:03:140:03:17

blown out the school's windows.

0:03:170:03:22

In this conflict, death can come

from the air at any time -

0:03:220:03:25

for kids, as well as soldiers.

0:03:250:03:30

What began as a civil war has

become a proxy struggle

0:03:300:03:33

between Saudi Arabia,

backing Yemen's government,

0:03:330:03:37

and Iran, alleged to be

backing the rebels.

0:03:370:03:42

The Houthis claim this is a bomb

from the attack that didn't explode.

0:03:420:03:45

Several countries, including the UK

and America, have sold billions

0:03:470:03:50

of pounds' worth of weapons

to Saudi Arabia during this war.

0:03:500:03:57

Apart from arms dealers,

this conflict has no

0:03:570:04:02

winners, and civilians

are the biggest losers.

0:04:020:04:08

Imagine what those displaced

by the war are running from,

0:04:080:04:11

if this is what they're running to.

0:04:110:04:14

Dusty, makeshift desert

settlements across Yemen,

0:04:140:04:16

home to three million

people and counting.

0:04:160:04:21

But it's a pitiful existence

in a place like this,

0:04:210:04:23

in the middle of a pitiless war.

0:04:230:04:27

Only the most basic shelter protects

from the unrelenting sun

0:04:270:04:34

and the sand of the desert.

0:04:340:04:35

Yemen, already the Arab

world's poorest nation,

0:04:350:04:37

is now on its knees.

0:04:370:04:39

An estimated seven million people

are facing starvation.

0:04:390:04:42

This is a man-made calamity

that shames the world.

0:04:420:04:48

The war here has created

so much misery, with lives

0:04:480:04:50

disrupted and destroyed.

0:04:500:04:56

And the recent escalation

of the conflict means that many more

0:04:560:04:59

people will be relying

on the kindness of

0:04:590:05:01

strangers, just to survive.

0:05:010:05:06

This woman and little Ayeeshia,

who is seven months old,

0:05:060:05:09

fled their home the night

the bombs fell.

0:05:090:05:15

TRANSLATION:

It was like thunder

and lightning in the sky.

0:05:150:05:17

We were scared and took

our children, but left

0:05:170:05:20

everything else behind.

0:05:200:05:22

We don't have food.

0:05:220:05:23

Our men don't have jobs.

0:05:230:05:27

They go to market looking for work,

but when they come back

0:05:270:05:30

with nothing, the children cry.

0:05:300:05:36

Aden is one of the ports

at the end of an aid pipeline

0:05:360:05:39

that helps sustain more

than 21 million people here.

0:05:390:05:43

That's three quarters

of the population.

0:05:430:05:46

But it's a precarious

humanitarian operation.

0:05:460:05:50

Saudi Arabia controls

Yemen's borders.

0:05:500:05:56

A blockade has already seriously

affected aid flowing into ports

0:05:560:05:58

in rebel-held areas in the North.

0:05:580:06:00

And the harbour at Aden,

here in the south, can be shut down

0:06:000:06:03

at a moment's notice.

0:06:030:06:07

Saudi Arabia says sealing this

country's borders will cut the flow

0:06:070:06:10

of weapons to rebel forces,

but aid shipments can be

0:06:100:06:12

searched and verified,

so why prevent all goods

0:06:120:06:14

coming into Yemen?

0:06:140:06:18

Well, using aid as a weapon of war

is nothing new in this conflict.

0:06:180:06:24

The Houthi rebels have

themselves been accused

0:06:240:06:28

of blocking aid convoys,

so despite warehouses full of food,

0:06:280:06:36

millions are at risk of starvation.

0:06:360:06:40

Aid workers acknowledge

this is a dirty war,

0:06:400:06:42

where both sides have

questions to answer.

0:06:420:06:44

They have their own tactics -

to use the aid we are bringing

0:06:440:06:47

in to the people, either to prevent

it from people or give it

0:06:470:06:50

to the people that they favour.

0:06:500:06:52

For sure, that is how

they use the aid.

0:06:520:06:54

And if we cannot reach people

to give them this food,

0:06:540:06:56

then definitely, they will die.

0:06:560:07:02

Civilians in this war

are forgotten people,

0:07:040:07:06

pawns in a great game,

victims of a conflict

0:07:060:07:09

that they didn't create.

0:07:090:07:11

They've done nothing

wrong, their only crime

0:07:110:07:13

was being born here.

0:07:130:07:18

Clive Myrie, BBC News,

in southern Yemen.

0:07:180:07:21

Our chief international

correspondent, Lyse Doucet,

0:07:250:07:26

is in the Saudi capital,

Riyadh.

0:07:260:07:31

Can we talk about this blockade

imposed by the Saudis and how they

0:07:310:07:35

try to justify it?

Well, just to

Mako weeks ago, the senior Saudi

0:07:350:07:42

officials said they were going to

trying to find a way out of this

0:07:420:07:45

crisis that was costing too much and

there was supposed to be a meeting

0:07:450:07:48

in London today involving some of

the main actors, including the

0:07:480:07:53

United States, to accelerate steps

towards a political solution to this

0:07:530:07:56

crisis. That came to an end on

November four when the Houthis fired

0:07:560:08:01

a long-range missile from

neighbouring Yemen, intercepted over

0:08:010:08:07

the International Airport at Riyadh

and the Saudis said it was

0:08:070:08:11

tantamount to a declaration of war

and it had Iranian markings on it.

0:08:110:08:16

This is not about Yemen and its

suffering, it is an escalating boxy

0:08:160:08:22

war between Iran and Saudi Arabia

and proxy wars across this region,

0:08:220:08:26

as always, with them, politics comes

before people.

And do you detect any

0:08:260:08:33

signs that the Saudi approach may

change?

Well, there has been this

0:08:330:08:39

huge international outcry which has

put mounting pressure on Saudi

0:08:390:08:44

Arabia and its allies to lift this

punishing blockade devastating

0:08:440:08:50

people. And yesterday, Saudi

diplomats said they would start to

0:08:500:08:54

ease the blockade and open the

ports. But only in areas which are

0:08:540:08:58

not controlled by the Houthis,

including the main port on the red

0:08:580:09:03

Sea, Aden, a vital lifeline for

United Nations aid which is

0:09:030:09:07

desperately needed now. The Saudis

say there has to be a new inspection

0:09:070:09:11

system because they see it as the

main entry point for the Houthi arms

0:09:110:09:17

and ammunition smuggled from Iran.

The UN said the night there simply

0:09:170:09:20

is no time for a new system, the

system has to work, they say,

0:09:200:09:25

because every extra day is a day too

March, when millions of Yemenis are

0:09:250:09:32

desperately in need.

Thank you very

much, from the Saudi capital,

0:09:320:09:36

Riyadh.

0:09:360:09:39

We'll have another report tomorrow

night on the plight of those

0:09:390:09:42

without food in Yemen.

0:09:420:09:46

And tonight, Clive will be answering

0:09:460:09:48

questions you might have -

in an online

0:09:480:09:50

question-and-answer session.

0:09:500:09:51

That's getting under way now.

0:09:510:09:52

You can contact them via the details

at the bottom of the screen,

0:09:520:09:55

using the hashtag -

BBC News Ten.

0:09:550:09:58

A dealer in antique firearms has

been found guilty of supplying guns

0:09:580:10:01

and ammunition that have been linked

to more than a hundred crime scenes,

0:10:010:10:04

including three murders.

0:10:040:10:08

A jury at Birmingham Crown also

convicted Paul Edmunds -

0:10:080:10:10

who's 66 and from Gloucestershire -

of smuggling banned handguns

0:10:100:10:12

from the US and perverting

the course of justice,

0:10:120:10:15

as our correspondent,

Sima Kotecha, reports.

0:10:150:10:20

Paul Edmunds - a former antiques

dealer, an expert in guns,

0:10:200:10:23

enabling him to make bullets

from his house in Gloucestershire.

0:10:230:10:30

Inside, police discovered 100,000

rounds of ammunition

0:10:300:10:31

in three separate armouries,

along with almost 200 guns.

0:10:310:10:38

Bullets were found scattered

around his bedroom and attic.

0:10:380:10:40

Today, following a six-week trial,

Edmunds was found guilty

0:10:400:10:42

of supplying guns and home-made

ammunition to gangs

0:10:420:10:44

across the country.

0:10:440:10:49

The 66 year old made bullets

for firearms that were classified

0:10:490:10:52

as antiques and then sold them

for a hefty profit.

0:10:520:10:57

He supplied them to his accomplice,

56-year-old physiotherapist

0:10:570:10:59

Mohinder Surdhar, who admitted

selling them on to gangs.

0:10:590:11:05

Officers said the two men

were the gun world's equivalent

0:11:050:11:07

of the main characters from the TV

show Breaking Bad.

0:11:070:11:10

These weapons and ammunition have

appeared at over a hundred

0:11:100:11:12

crime scenes in the UK

between 2009 and 2015.

0:11:120:11:18

This involved murders

and other serious crime.

0:11:180:11:22

He abused his position

and he abused his knowledge

0:11:220:11:24

of ammunition and firearms.

0:11:240:11:26

Undoubtedly, this operation -

which began in 2014 -

0:11:260:11:31

has saved many lives,

as we have been able to stop

0:11:310:11:34

what was a major supply route

of these firearms and ammunitions

0:11:340:11:36

onto the streets.

0:11:360:11:39

The pensioner's bullets were found

at the scenes of fatal shootings,

0:11:390:11:42

including the murder

of Kenichi Phillips,

0:11:420:11:43

in Birmingham last year.

0:11:430:11:45

His ammunition was also used

to shoot at a police

0:11:450:11:47

helicopter in the 2011 riots.

0:11:470:11:53

Ballistic experts were lead

to Edmunds after discovering

0:11:530:11:54

ammunition with similar markings.

0:11:540:11:58

When the ammunition is constructed,

certain tools are used and these

0:11:580:12:02

tools impart markings

onto the modified rounds,

0:12:020:12:05

and we start to notice there's

a pattern of tool marks here.

0:12:050:12:08

So when we look at lots of different

criminal incidents, we see the same

0:12:080:12:11

pattern of tool marks again

and again, and you can start to link

0:12:110:12:14

those together forensically,

using the microscope.

0:12:140:12:16

This building contains thousands

of firearms that have been seized

0:12:160:12:18

by police from across the country.

0:12:180:12:21

This gun was imported

by Edmunds from America.

0:12:210:12:25

Now that he's been convicted,

it too will be stored here.

0:12:250:12:31

At the National Ballistics

Intelligence Service,

0:12:310:12:35

they're firing one of the antique

revolvers, with the bullets

0:12:350:12:37

made by Edmunds.

0:12:370:12:38

The gun dealer will be

sentenced next month.

0:12:380:12:42

Sima Kotecha.

0:12:420:12:43

BBC News, Birmingham.

0:12:450:12:47

The House of Commons has started

to take a detailed look

0:12:500:12:53

at the controversial legislation

designed to take Britain out

0:12:530:12:55

of the European Union.

0:12:550:12:57

The EU Withdrawal Bill will end

the primacy of European law,

0:12:570:13:01

but MPs have tabled some 500

amendments, including one

0:13:010:13:03

which opposes setting a date in law

for Britain's departure.

0:13:030:13:08

As the debate got under way,

deep divisions within Conservative

0:13:080:13:11

ranks were once again on show.

0:13:110:13:13

Our deputy political editor,

John Pienaar, reports on what's

0:13:130:13:15

likely to be a very challenging

process for Theresa

0:13:150:13:18

May's government.

0:13:180:13:19

His report contains

flash photography.

0:13:190:13:26

Brexit's still a work in progress.

0:13:260:13:29

It's about Westminster

taking back control,

0:13:290:13:30

but the planning and scheming is now

0:13:300:13:36

intense and, tonight,

it's clear big questions of how -

0:13:360:13:41

even when - Britain finally

leaves are up for grabs.

0:13:410:13:43

REPORTER:

Do you think this

is a meaningless vote?

0:13:430:13:45

Brexiteers like Liam Fox

and Boris Johnson are now told

0:13:450:13:48

the Brexit deadline of March 2019

will be met by law,

0:13:480:13:50

but the Brexit Secretary would love

to know if the way is clear to leave

0:13:500:13:54

on schedule.

0:13:540:13:56

And tonight, there's

still no knowing.

0:13:560:13:57

European Withdrawal Bill.

0:13:570:14:02

In the Commons, they've started

weeks of line-by-line debate

0:14:020:14:04

on the law to leave.

0:14:040:14:05

Tory and Labour MPs saying

a hard Brexit deadline

0:14:050:14:07

could cut negotiations short,

even force Britain to

0:14:070:14:09

leave without a deal.

0:14:090:14:10

Everybody's got more

and more brittle.

0:14:100:14:12

More and more unwilling to listen.

0:14:120:14:15

More and more persuaded that every

suggestion that's being made

0:14:150:14:18

is in some way a form of treason.

0:14:180:14:20

Does he understand how impossible

it is for me to explain

0:14:200:14:22

to my constituents that they can

have certainty about nothing

0:14:220:14:32

about Brexit as the Government plans

it - except, according to him,

0:14:330:14:36

the date when it will happen?

0:14:360:14:37

The Labour leadership doesn't

want to appear to obstruct Brexit,

0:14:370:14:39

we all know we're leaving,

they say, so why the deadline?

0:14:390:14:46

If negotiations go to the wire,

both we and the EU-27 might

0:14:460:14:49

recognise the need for an extra

week, an extra day, an extra hour,

0:14:490:14:52

even an extra minute.

0:14:520:14:56

So the battle lines are drawn,

Brexiteers keen for victory.

0:14:560:15:00

Millions of people who died in both

World Wars died for a reason,

0:15:000:15:03

it was to do with sustaining

the freedom and democracy

0:15:030:15:05

of this House.

0:15:050:15:13

And Brexiteer ministers pledging

Brexit with a good deal if possible,

0:15:130:15:16

but no deal if they must.

0:15:160:15:17

We are going to go through

the process of making sure,

0:15:170:15:20

as a responsible government,

that our country is ready to leave

0:15:200:15:22

the European Union without a deal,

if that proves necessary.

0:15:220:15:25

The Tory's veteran

pro-European let rip.

0:15:250:15:29

I am the rebel.

0:15:290:15:30

Yes.

0:15:300:15:31

I aspouse the policies

that the Conservative Party has

0:15:310:15:34

followed for the 50 years

of my membership of it.

0:15:340:15:36

And Brexit sceptics loved it.

0:15:360:15:37

CHEERING

0:15:370:15:41

The ayes to the right, 318.

0:15:410:15:44

The noes to the left, 68.

0:15:440:15:45

They've been voting tonight

and they'll go on voting,

0:15:450:15:47

night after night between

now and Christmas.

0:15:470:15:50

On the role of EU judges,

on a period of transition

0:15:500:15:53

after Brexit begins,

on other issues too,

0:15:530:16:00

but it's the trial of strength over

Theresa May's Brexit deadline

0:16:000:16:02

that has MPs guessing

who'll come out on top.

0:16:020:16:04

Earlier today, the Prime Minister

met another Brexit critic,

0:16:040:16:06

Scotland's First Minister.

0:16:060:16:10

In coming weeks, she may yet see off

the challenges to her Brexit

0:16:100:16:14

deadline closer to home.

0:16:140:16:15

She'd better, her

authority is at stake.

0:16:150:16:16

John Pienaar, BBC News, Westminster.

0:16:160:16:20

The headline rate of

inflation, as measured

0:16:200:16:22

by the Consumer Prices Index,

has remained at 3%

0:16:220:16:26

despite widespread expectations

that it would rise.

0:16:260:16:29

The cost of food and soft

drinks rose sharply,

0:16:290:16:31

but they were offset by falls

in the price of petrol

0:16:310:16:34

and furniture.

0:16:340:16:42

Two people arrested on suspicion

of murdering a teenager,

0:16:420:16:44

who's been missing for a week,

have been released

0:16:440:16:46

under investigation.

0:16:460:16:48

Gaia Pope, who is 19,

was staying in Swanage

0:16:480:16:51

when she disappeared last Tuesday.

0:16:510:16:52

A 71-year-old woman

and a 19-year-old man

0:16:520:16:53

were arrested on Monday.

0:16:530:16:57

In Iran, thousands of people

are spending a third

0:16:570:16:59

night without shelter,

in freezing conditions,

0:16:590:17:01

as the authorities struggle

to help those left homeless

0:17:010:17:03

by Sunday's earthquake.

0:17:030:17:05

President Hassan Rouhani has visited

the province of Kermanshah,

0:17:050:17:09

where some 500 people were killed

and many more injured.

0:17:090:17:17

Thousands of buildings collapsed

as our correspondent,

0:17:170:17:26

James Robbins, tells us.

0:17:260:17:27

Iranian authorities say

they're not expecting

0:17:270:17:29

to find any more survivors.

0:17:290:17:30

Still, rescue dogs are helping

to hunt for signs of life,

0:17:300:17:33

but the work now is to clear ruined

homes, demolish and then rebuild.

0:17:330:17:38

Local people are in shock.

0:17:380:17:42

Thousands are homeless

and in desperate need

0:17:420:17:43

of shelter and supplies.

0:17:430:17:48

TRANSLATION:

After I got up

and the power was cut as well,

0:17:480:17:51

I saw the walls and ceiling had come

down and all my stuff

0:17:510:17:55

thrown out of the house.

0:17:550:17:56

We've got nothing left for us.

0:17:560:17:58

TRANSLATION:

Suddenly,

the house came down on our heads

0:17:580:18:00

in a matter of seconds.

0:18:000:18:02

I got out from the back

door of my house.

0:18:020:18:05

I saved my child,

but it was difficult.

0:18:050:18:08

Field hospitals have

been set up and the aid

0:18:080:18:11

effort is gathering pace,

although some locals have complained

0:18:110:18:13

the initial response was slow.

0:18:130:18:17

Iran's President Hassan Rouhani has

visited the area promising whatever

0:18:170:18:19

assistance is needed and criminal

action if any public housing

0:18:190:18:21

is found to have been sub-standard.

0:18:210:18:28

This was the moment

the earthquake struck on Sunday.

0:18:280:18:35

Just across Iran's border in Iraq,

a birthday party for these

0:18:350:18:38

twins ends in terror.

0:18:380:18:45

But this Kurdish family escaped

unharmed, and now the twins have

0:18:450:18:51

had their party again,

as the family sent

0:18:510:18:55

condolences to all those

who have suffered loss.

0:18:550:19:01

And in Iran, at least 70,000

people are now homeless.

0:19:010:19:04

They will need much warmer shelter

than this, night-time temperatures

0:19:040:19:13

fall close to freezing and yet

going in doors is still terrifying

0:19:130:19:16

because around 200 aftershocks have

already been recorded.

0:19:160:19:17

The painful process of grieving

and eventual recovery for entire

0:19:170:19:20

communities is only just beginning.

0:19:200:19:21

James Robbins, BBC News.

0:19:210:19:31

Police in California say five

people, including a gunman, are dead

0:19:350:19:37

after a series of shootings

at several locations

0:19:370:19:39

including a primary school.

0:19:390:19:40

At least one child was shot

while pupils were being dropped

0:19:400:19:43

off in the morning and

another child was hit,

0:19:430:19:45

along with a woman, while they were

travelling in a truck.

0:19:450:19:48

Much more should be done

to reduce the quantity

0:19:480:19:50

of food wasted every year.

0:19:500:19:52

Campaigners say it's a problem that

costs up to £17 billion a year

0:19:520:19:55

and many are pointing the finger

of blame at consumers.

0:19:550:19:59

But simple steps like better

planning of meals, storing

0:19:590:20:02

and freezing food can make a big

difference as our correspondent,

0:20:020:20:08

Jeremy Cooke, tells us.

0:20:080:20:10

If you want to stop food

waste, down on the farm

0:20:100:20:12

is a good place to start.

0:20:120:20:14

These fields are part of a trial

to find new ways to make sure these

0:20:140:20:18

potatoes end up on our plates

and not in the bin.

0:20:180:20:22

I hate waste because it's costing me

money and so I don't

0:20:220:20:25

want to see waste.

0:20:250:20:26

So that's why we're striving

all the time to cut out

0:20:260:20:29

waste in the field.

0:20:290:20:30

So Ian, I've got

some VA data here...

0:20:300:20:32

Jeff is comparing notes,

sharing hi-tech data with Ian

0:20:320:20:34

from the supermarket.

0:20:340:20:35

So we're looking good, low waste.

0:20:350:20:38

Even before the potatoes

come out of the ground,

0:20:380:20:40

detailed computer analysis means

they know, for instance,

0:20:400:20:42

the yield and so how much

shelf space in store,

0:20:420:20:45

how much marketing

to shift any excess.

0:20:450:20:52

We're working with technology

to allow that information flow

0:20:520:20:54

from what's happening in the field.

0:20:540:20:57

So our growers can tell us

what they think they're going to be

0:20:570:21:03

producing and then we can match that

to what we want to sell and,

0:21:030:21:06

hopefully, take that waste out

of the supply chain.

0:21:060:21:08

There are now big efforts throughout

the process to reduce food waste,

0:21:080:21:11

whether it be on the farm,

in processing, in storage

0:21:110:21:14

or in the supermarkets.

0:21:140:21:17

But perhaps the biggest difference

can be made by us consumers

0:21:170:21:20

because most of the food that gets

thrown away is from

0:21:200:21:22

our own kitchens.

0:21:220:21:24

Kate's a self-confessed foodie,

she took part in a scheme to reduce

0:21:240:21:27

waste and now puts 20% less food

in the bin.

0:21:270:21:29

But how?

0:21:290:21:35

Well, Kate measures ingredients

so there's no waste,

0:21:350:21:43

keeps the fridge at optimum

temperature, so things stay fresh,

0:21:430:21:45

uses DIY vacuum packs in the freezer

for long-term storage.

0:21:450:21:51

Ta-da!

0:21:510:21:52

And, keeps leftovers for week

day lunch and super.

0:21:520:22:02

You save food, you save

money and you save time.

0:22:020:22:05

So if you want to do any of those

three things, it's worth it.

0:22:050:22:08

And then also, we should feel

a little bit responsible

0:22:080:22:11

for the planet as well.

0:22:110:22:12

But what happens if you still have

food heading for the bin?

0:22:120:22:15

Well, how about a community fridge.

0:22:150:22:16

It's a simple idea, food that's

still good is donated instead

0:22:160:22:19

of discarded and then it's given

for free to anyone who wants it.

0:22:190:22:22

This one is in Swadlincote,

it's one of two already operating,

0:22:220:22:24

but the plan is to have 50 up

and running by the end of the year.

0:22:240:22:28

Good news for people like Lizzie.

0:22:280:22:33

If obviously it's going in the bin

it's wasted, especially for those

0:22:330:22:36

that haven't got enough money to go

and get a full food shop.

0:22:360:22:39

There are people who are desperately

in need and yet there are other

0:22:390:22:42

organisations that are just throwing

food down into skips.

0:22:420:22:44

There are people that have come

in here that have talked

0:22:440:22:47

about the days when they used

to have to go into the skips

0:22:470:22:50

and the amount of the food

they get out of the skip.

0:22:500:22:53

Producing food takes hard graft

and major investment,

0:22:530:22:55

but it's massively undervalued

and reducing waste will take

0:22:550:22:58

a huge shift of attitude

in our throwaway society.

0:22:580:23:00

Jeremy Cooke, BBC News.

0:23:000:23:10

The President of France,

Emmanuel Macron, has told the BBC

0:23:140:23:16

that Donald Trump and Vladimir Putin

are "threatening" Western values

0:23:160:23:18

of openness and tolerance.

0:23:180:23:22

It is now six months

since Mr Macron took office,

0:23:220:23:24

promising to transform French

society, the economy

0:23:240:23:26

and even its modern sense

of identity in the world.

0:23:260:23:30

Our Paris correspondent,

Lucy Williamson, who travelled

0:23:300:23:35

with the President to Abu Dhabi

recently, has sent this report.

0:23:350:23:37

Most presidents enjoy

a flash of military uniform

0:23:370:23:40

in their schedules, a tang

of old fashioned global power,

0:23:400:23:42

but Emmanuel Macron is fighting

his own slippery battle

0:23:420:23:45

for French influence abroad.

0:23:450:23:48

Jihadi groups in this region have

built a grand narrative

0:23:480:23:51

around their vision,

he says, the West needs one

0:23:510:23:58

too, based on openness,

tolerance and democracy.

0:23:580:24:00

At the opening of a new Louve Museum

in Abu Dhabi, he told me those

0:24:000:24:03

values were under threat

from leaders like Vladimir

0:24:030:24:05

Putin and Donald Trump.

0:24:050:24:09

If you don't defend these values,

it will become harder

0:24:090:24:11

and harder, I agree.

0:24:110:24:12

But is it harder now,

is it under threat?

0:24:120:24:14

I mean for sure it's

a threat, for sure.

0:24:140:24:18

But first of all, you have to speak

and discuss with those leaders

0:24:180:24:28

because sometimes there's a chance,

they were not like that at the very

0:24:330:24:36

beginning, and the explanation

of the divergence is very often due

0:24:360:24:38

to their paranoia of the threat

and their willingness to protect

0:24:380:24:41

something and to be much more

nervous about what they want

0:24:410:24:44

to protect, but forgetting the fact

that part of their own civilisation

0:24:440:24:46

is about openness.

0:24:460:24:48

If you decide just to push

them back from Europe

0:24:480:24:53

If you decide just to push them back

from Europe and all that you see,

0:24:530:24:57

you are betraying our values.

0:24:570:24:58

It's bad, you lose them.

0:24:580:24:59

But does it work?

0:24:590:25:00

When you sat down with Mr Trump

and Mr Putin, have you found

0:25:000:25:03

that you've been able

to affect real change?

0:25:030:25:05

I mean it's not overnight

effect, for sure.

0:25:050:25:07

I'm optimistic and I can...

0:25:070:25:10

I'm extremely (inaudible).

0:25:100:25:11

So I will insist and

insist and insist.

0:25:110:25:14

Macron ran his election campaign

by insisting on the power of liberal

0:25:140:25:18

values to solve France's problems,

including its most

0:25:180:25:19

pressing one - jobs.

0:25:190:25:26

This area used to be the centre

of a booming leather industry,

0:25:260:25:29

with more than 100 factories.

0:25:290:25:30

Serge Cathala's factory is one

of just a dozen left.

0:25:300:25:35

Unemployment here is 21%,

twice the national average,

0:25:350:25:41

but President Macron's sweeping

reforms means Serge has

0:25:410:25:43

begun hiring again.

0:25:430:25:45

TRANSLATION:

What's great

about Macron is that he's young,

0:25:450:25:47

he looks like he's got guts.

0:25:470:25:50

Nobody's going to walk all over him,

unlike his predecessors,

0:25:500:25:53

and he's got good ideas,

more flexibility for company owners

0:25:530:25:55

to hire people and more freedom.

0:25:550:25:59

A company needs leaders

who will let them work.

0:25:590:26:03

President Macron has already

reformed France's rigid labour law

0:26:030:26:12

to curb the power of the unions,

but this area's favourites

0:26:120:26:15

for president were the protectionist

candidates on the far-right

0:26:150:26:17

and far-left.

0:26:170:26:18

And in cafes like this one,

Mr Macron's plans to extend

0:26:180:26:21

unemployment insurance have less

impact than say his tax break

0:26:210:26:23

for French millionaires.

0:26:230:26:24

TRANSLATION:

He's the

president of the rich.

0:26:240:26:27

He hasn't changed my

life or the lives of

0:26:270:26:29

the people in this town.

0:26:290:26:33

We are the little people

and I don't know if this man

0:26:330:26:36

is going to change things for us.

0:26:360:26:38

Here in Paris, six months

ago, Mr Macron vowed

0:26:380:26:40

to remake French politics.

0:26:400:26:43

Since then, he's been criticised

for being more king than president.

0:26:430:26:47

Even some of those who agree

with Mr Macron's analysis have

0:26:470:26:50

questioned his style as President.

0:26:500:26:55

Were some see clarity,

determination and poise,

0:26:550:26:56

others see arrogance,

pomposity and hubris.

0:26:560:27:02

Mr Macron has said modesty doesn't

interest him because he's France's

0:27:020:27:04

last chance to prove to itself that

openness, tolerance

0:27:040:27:06

and democracy work.

0:27:060:27:07

Lucy Williamson, BBC News, Paris.

0:27:070:27:17

Zimbabwe's ambassador

to South Africa has dismissed

0:27:330:27:35

talk of a military coup

against the 93-year-old

0:27:350:27:37

President Robert Mugabe.

0:27:370:27:46

He said the government

in Harare was "intact"

0:27:460:27:48

despite the presence of soldiers

and armoured vehicles

0:27:480:27:50

on the streets of the capital.

0:27:500:27:51

The ruling Zanu-PF Party has accused

the country's senior general

0:27:510:27:54

of treasonable conduct.

0:27:540:27:55

Tonight's football, and the Republic

of Ireland have missed out

0:27:550:27:58

on a place in next summer's

World Cup finals after a defeat

0:27:580:28:01

at home to Denmark.

0:28:010:28:02

Wales and England have also been

in action in friendlies.

0:28:020:28:04

David Ornstein is in Wembley,

we'll speak to him about those

0:28:040:28:07

matches in a moment,

but first to Dublin and our sports

0:28:070:28:09

correspondent, Joe Wilson.

0:28:090:28:10

The Republic of Ireland take their

footballers from the Epping leash

0:28:100:28:12

Premier League but from the second

tier Championship. Their resources

0:28:120:28:15

are limited. They build their

success on being defensive strong,

0:28:150:28:17

resolute. When the game against

Denmark opened up, the home team

0:28:170:28:19

fell apart there. Are tough words to

write and to hear.

0:28:190:28:25

Mistakes, wrote Dublin's James

Joyce, are portals to discovery.

0:28:250:28:27

Well fine, but he never had to play

Denmark on a Tuesday night

0:28:270:28:30

with the World Cup at stake.

0:28:300:28:32

An error on the pitch could cost

everything, both teams knew.

0:28:320:28:36

Five minutes gone, a free kick

for the Republic of Ireland and this

0:28:360:28:39

is what a perfect start looks like.

0:28:390:28:42

Shane Duffy, the big man

with the big moment.

0:28:420:28:44

But the chance came

from a misdirected Danish boot.

0:28:440:28:47

That goal seemed so precious,

its value crashed.

0:28:470:28:51

The Danes came with skill

to tease the Irish defence,

0:28:510:28:57

still Cyrus Christie was defending

the line on that post.

0:28:570:28:59

The ball evaded him.

0:28:590:29:06

In Christian Eriksen of Tottenham,

Denmark possessed the most

0:29:060:29:08

talented man on the pitch.

0:29:080:29:10

Far too good to be left in space.

0:29:100:29:11

Suddenly, 2-1.

0:29:110:29:12

Second half and Eriksen had

the chance to settle it.

0:29:120:29:15

Now that was a lovely finish.

0:29:150:29:16

Sadly there was still

time for error.

0:29:160:29:18

Stephen Ward's defending

set up Eriksen again.

0:29:180:29:20

And by the time Bendtner

put away a penalty,

0:29:200:29:22

the evening had gone past sad.

0:29:220:29:23

Republic of Ireland must join Italy

watching the World Cup.

0:29:230:29:27

Joe Wilson, BBC News, Dublin.

0:29:270:29:32

England have already qualified for

Russia and tonight, here at Wembley,

0:29:320:29:35

they held one of the greatest

football nations, Brazil, to a

0:29:350:29:39

goaless draw. Plenty of

encouragement for this young and

0:29:390:29:43

inexperienced squad. Over in

Cardiff, Wales were also in friendly

0:29:430:29:46

action. They took the lead through

Tom Lawrence against Panama. What a

0:29:460:29:51

strike that was. However, it is

wasn't to be for the Welsh. The

0:29:510:29:54

Panama, who are themselves going to

the World Cup, equalised with

0:29:540:29:58

virtually the last kick of the game.

Huw.

David thank you very much.

0:29:580:30:02

David Ornstein for us there in

Wembley.

0:30:020:30:09

The Olympic champion,

Mo Farah, is now Sir Mo

0:30:090:30:11

after receiving his knighthood

from the Queen at

0:30:110:30:13

Buckingham Palace today.

0:30:130:30:16

Sir Mohamed Farah,

for services to athletics.

0:30:160:30:21

Sir Mo came to the UK from Somalia

as a young boy and went on to become

0:30:210:30:25

Britain's most decorated athlete.

0:30:250:30:28

This summer, he retired

from his track career to concentrate

0:30:280:30:30

on running marathons.

0:30:300:30:34

He described the knighthood today

as a "dream come true."

0:30:340:30:38

Newsnight is coming up on BBC Two,

here's Evan Davies.

0:30:380:30:40

Something funny is going

on in Zimbabwe right now,

0:30:400:30:42

an apparent struggle to succeed

President Mugabe, who's the world's

0:30:420:30:45