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Tonight at Ten: A special report
from Yemen, where millions
of lives are now threatened
by famine and fighting.
In the capital, school children
suffer - in endless airstrikes
by the Saudi-led coaliton.
And in the vast camps
for the displaced, we see
the consequences of aid
supplies being blocked.
The war here has created so much
misery, with lives disrupted.
And the recent escalation
of the conflict mean that many more
people will be relying
on the kindness of strangers,
just to survive.
We'll have the latest
on the UN warnings of
a humanitarian catastrophe.
A firearms dealer has been found
guilty of supplying guns and bullets
linked to more than a hundred
crimes, including three murders.
The scene in the House of Commons,
as Parliament starts to look
in detail at the legislation that
will lead to Brexit.
Six months after his election win,
we ask France's President Macron
for his views on Trump and Putin.
£17 billion - the annual
cost of wasted food,
as campaigners say that it's time
for much tougher measures.
And Denmark have ended the Republic
of Ireland's hopes of reaching
the World Cup finals.
And in the Sport on BBC News:
England continue their World Cup
preparations with a glamour tie
against Brazil's Samba Boys at
The United Nations is warning
that the desperate humanitarian
crisis in Yemen is worsening,
and that unless aid is allowed in,
millions more lives will be at risk.
The crisis began in 2015,
when Houthi rebels -
backed by Iran - ousted
the President and took control
of parts of the country.
A coalition, led by Saudi Arabia,
then began a campaign of airstrikes,
to try to restore the government.
Two years on, extreme hunger
and disease are killing an estimated
130 children every day.
The conflict has left 80%
of the country in need
of humanitarian aid.
Seven million people are fully
reliant on food aid,
much of which is now not able to get
through because of a blockade.
From Yemen, my colleague, Clive
Myrie, sent this extended report.
This is a story about war
and its humiliations.
The stripping of dignity.
But it's also about
the desert trek to safety.
It's a story of survival.
There's panic at a school
in the Yemeni capital, Sana'a.
A city under Houthi rebel control.
A Saudi-coalition air strike
targeting a nearby building has
blown out the school's windows.
In this conflict, death can come
from the air at any time -
for kids, as well as soldiers.
What began as a civil war has
become a proxy struggle
between Saudi Arabia,
backing Yemen's government,
and Iran, alleged to be
backing the rebels.
The Houthis claim this is a bomb
from the attack that didn't explode.
Several countries, including the UK
and America, have sold billions
of pounds' worth of weapons
to Saudi Arabia during this war.
Apart from arms dealers,
this conflict has no
winners, and civilians
are the biggest losers.
Imagine what those displaced
by the war are running from,
if this is what they're running to.
Dusty, makeshift desert
settlements across Yemen,
home to three million
people and counting.
But it's a pitiful existence
in a place like this,
in the middle of a pitiless war.
Only the most basic shelter protects
from the unrelenting sun
and the sand of the desert.
Yemen, already the Arab
world's poorest nation,
is now on its knees.
An estimated seven million people
are facing starvation.
This is a man-made calamity
that shames the world.
The war here has created
so much misery, with lives
disrupted and destroyed.
And the recent escalation
of the conflict means that many more
people will be relying
on the kindness of
strangers, just to survive.
This woman and little Ayeeshia,
who is seven months old,
fled their home the night
the bombs fell.
It was like thunder
and lightning in the sky.
We were scared and took
our children, but left
everything else behind.
We don't have food.
Our men don't have jobs.
They go to market looking for work,
but when they come back
with nothing, the children cry.
Aden is one of the ports
at the end of an aid pipeline
that helps sustain more
than 21 million people here.
That's three quarters
of the population.
But it's a precarious
Saudi Arabia controls
A blockade has already seriously
affected aid flowing into ports
in rebel-held areas in the North.
And the harbour at Aden,
here in the south, can be shut down
at a moment's notice.
Saudi Arabia says sealing this
country's borders will cut the flow
of weapons to rebel forces,
but aid shipments can be
searched and verified,
so why prevent all goods
coming into Yemen?
Well, using aid as a weapon of war
is nothing new in this conflict.
The Houthi rebels have
themselves been accused
of blocking aid convoys,
so despite warehouses full of food,
millions are at risk of starvation.
Aid workers acknowledge
this is a dirty war,
where both sides have
questions to answer.
They have their own tactics -
to use the aid we are bringing
in to the people, either to prevent
it from people or give it
to the people that they favour.
For sure, that is how
they use the aid.
And if we cannot reach people
to give them this food,
then definitely, they will die.
Civilians in this war
are forgotten people,
pawns in a great game,
victims of a conflict
that they didn't create.
They've done nothing
wrong, their only crime
was being born here.
Clive Myrie, BBC News,
in southern Yemen.
Our chief international
correspondent, Lyse Doucet,
is in the Saudi capital,
Can we talk about this blockade
imposed by the Saudis and how they
try to justify it?
Well, just to
Mako weeks ago, the senior Saudi
officials said they were going to
trying to find a way out of this
crisis that was costing too much and
there was supposed to be a meeting
in London today involving some of
the main actors, including the
United States, to accelerate steps
towards a political solution to this
crisis. That came to an end on
November four when the Houthis fired
a long-range missile from
neighbouring Yemen, intercepted over
the International Airport at Riyadh
and the Saudis said it was
tantamount to a declaration of war
and it had Iranian markings on it.
This is not about Yemen and its
suffering, it is an escalating boxy
war between Iran and Saudi Arabia
and proxy wars across this region,
as always, with them, politics comes
And do you detect any
signs that the Saudi approach may
Well, there has been this
huge international outcry which has
put mounting pressure on Saudi
Arabia and its allies to lift this
punishing blockade devastating
people. And yesterday, Saudi
diplomats said they would start to
ease the blockade and open the
ports. But only in areas which are
not controlled by the Houthis,
including the main port on the red
Sea, Aden, a vital lifeline for
United Nations aid which is
desperately needed now. The Saudis
say there has to be a new inspection
system because they see it as the
main entry point for the Houthi arms
and ammunition smuggled from Iran.
The UN said the night there simply
is no time for a new system, the
system has to work, they say,
because every extra day is a day too
March, when millions of Yemenis are
desperately in need.
Thank you very
much, from the Saudi capital,
We'll have another report tomorrow
night on the plight of those
without food in Yemen.
And tonight, Clive will be answering
questions you might have -
in an online
That's getting under way now.
You can contact them via the details
at the bottom of the screen,
using the hashtag -
BBC News Ten.
A dealer in antique firearms has
been found guilty of supplying guns
and ammunition that have been linked
to more than a hundred crime scenes,
including three murders.
A jury at Birmingham Crown also
convicted Paul Edmunds -
who's 66 and from Gloucestershire -
of smuggling banned handguns
from the US and perverting
the course of justice,
as our correspondent,
Sima Kotecha, reports.
Paul Edmunds - a former antiques
dealer, an expert in guns,
enabling him to make bullets
from his house in Gloucestershire.
Inside, police discovered 100,000
rounds of ammunition
in three separate armouries,
along with almost 200 guns.
Bullets were found scattered
around his bedroom and attic.
Today, following a six-week trial,
Edmunds was found guilty
of supplying guns and home-made
ammunition to gangs
across the country.
The 66 year old made bullets
for firearms that were classified
as antiques and then sold them
for a hefty profit.
He supplied them to his accomplice,
Mohinder Surdhar, who admitted
selling them on to gangs.
Officers said the two men
were the gun world's equivalent
of the main characters from the TV
show Breaking Bad.
These weapons and ammunition have
appeared at over a hundred
crime scenes in the UK
between 2009 and 2015.
This involved murders
and other serious crime.
He abused his position
and he abused his knowledge
of ammunition and firearms.
Undoubtedly, this operation -
which began in 2014 -
has saved many lives,
as we have been able to stop
what was a major supply route
of these firearms and ammunitions
onto the streets.
The pensioner's bullets were found
at the scenes of fatal shootings,
including the murder
of Kenichi Phillips,
in Birmingham last year.
His ammunition was also used
to shoot at a police
helicopter in the 2011 riots.
Ballistic experts were lead
to Edmunds after discovering
ammunition with similar markings.
When the ammunition is constructed,
certain tools are used and these
tools impart markings
onto the modified rounds,
and we start to notice there's
a pattern of tool marks here.
So when we look at lots of different
criminal incidents, we see the same
pattern of tool marks again
and again, and you can start to link
those together forensically,
using the microscope.
This building contains thousands
of firearms that have been seized
by police from across the country.
This gun was imported
by Edmunds from America.
Now that he's been convicted,
it too will be stored here.
At the National Ballistics
they're firing one of the antique
revolvers, with the bullets
made by Edmunds.
The gun dealer will be
sentenced next month.
BBC News, Birmingham.
The House of Commons has started
to take a detailed look
at the controversial legislation
designed to take Britain out
of the European Union.
The EU Withdrawal Bill will end
the primacy of European law,
but MPs have tabled some 500
amendments, including one
which opposes setting a date in law
for Britain's departure.
As the debate got under way,
deep divisions within Conservative
ranks were once again on show.
Our deputy political editor,
John Pienaar, reports on what's
likely to be a very challenging
process for Theresa
His report contains
Brexit's still a work in progress.
It's about Westminster
taking back control,
but the planning and scheming is now
intense and, tonight,
it's clear big questions of how -
even when - Britain finally
leaves are up for grabs.
Do you think this
is a meaningless vote?
Brexiteers like Liam Fox
and Boris Johnson are now told
the Brexit deadline of March 2019
will be met by law,
but the Brexit Secretary would love
to know if the way is clear to leave
And tonight, there's
still no knowing.
European Withdrawal Bill.
In the Commons, they've started
weeks of line-by-line debate
on the law to leave.
Tory and Labour MPs saying
a hard Brexit deadline
could cut negotiations short,
even force Britain to
leave without a deal.
Everybody's got more
and more brittle.
More and more unwilling to listen.
More and more persuaded that every
suggestion that's being made
is in some way a form of treason.
Does he understand how impossible
it is for me to explain
to my constituents that they can
have certainty about nothing
about Brexit as the Government plans
it - except, according to him,
the date when it will happen?
The Labour leadership doesn't
want to appear to obstruct Brexit,
we all know we're leaving,
they say, so why the deadline?
If negotiations go to the wire,
both we and the EU-27 might
recognise the need for an extra
week, an extra day, an extra hour,
even an extra minute.
So the battle lines are drawn,
Brexiteers keen for victory.
Millions of people who died in both
World Wars died for a reason,
it was to do with sustaining
the freedom and democracy
of this House.
And Brexiteer ministers pledging
Brexit with a good deal if possible,
but no deal if they must.
We are going to go through
the process of making sure,
as a responsible government,
that our country is ready to leave
the European Union without a deal,
if that proves necessary.
The Tory's veteran
pro-European let rip.
I am the rebel.
I aspouse the policies
that the Conservative Party has
followed for the 50 years
of my membership of it.
And Brexit sceptics loved it.
The ayes to the right, 318.
The noes to the left, 68.
They've been voting tonight
and they'll go on voting,
night after night between
now and Christmas.
On the role of EU judges,
on a period of transition
after Brexit begins,
on other issues too,
but it's the trial of strength over
Theresa May's Brexit deadline
that has MPs guessing
who'll come out on top.
Earlier today, the Prime Minister
met another Brexit critic,
Scotland's First Minister.
In coming weeks, she may yet see off
the challenges to her Brexit
deadline closer to home.
She'd better, her
authority is at stake.
John Pienaar, BBC News, Westminster.
The headline rate of
inflation, as measured
by the Consumer Prices Index,
has remained at 3%
despite widespread expectations
that it would rise.
The cost of food and soft
drinks rose sharply,
but they were offset by falls
in the price of petrol
Two people arrested on suspicion
of murdering a teenager,
who's been missing for a week,
have been released
Gaia Pope, who is 19,
was staying in Swanage
when she disappeared last Tuesday.
A 71-year-old woman
and a 19-year-old man
were arrested on Monday.
In Iran, thousands of people
are spending a third
night without shelter,
in freezing conditions,
as the authorities struggle
to help those left homeless
by Sunday's earthquake.
President Hassan Rouhani has visited
the province of Kermanshah,
where some 500 people were killed
and many more injured.
Thousands of buildings collapsed
as our correspondent,
James Robbins, tells us.
Iranian authorities say
they're not expecting
to find any more survivors.
Still, rescue dogs are helping
to hunt for signs of life,
but the work now is to clear ruined
homes, demolish and then rebuild.
Local people are in shock.
Thousands are homeless
and in desperate need
of shelter and supplies.
After I got up
and the power was cut as well,
I saw the walls and ceiling had come
down and all my stuff
thrown out of the house.
We've got nothing left for us.
the house came down on our heads
in a matter of seconds.
I got out from the back
door of my house.
I saved my child,
but it was difficult.
Field hospitals have
been set up and the aid
effort is gathering pace,
although some locals have complained
the initial response was slow.
Iran's President Hassan Rouhani has
visited the area promising whatever
assistance is needed and criminal
action if any public housing
is found to have been sub-standard.
This was the moment
the earthquake struck on Sunday.
Just across Iran's border in Iraq,
a birthday party for these
twins ends in terror.
But this Kurdish family escaped
unharmed, and now the twins have
had their party again,
as the family sent
condolences to all those
who have suffered loss.
And in Iran, at least 70,000
people are now homeless.
They will need much warmer shelter
than this, night-time temperatures
fall close to freezing and yet
going in doors is still terrifying
because around 200 aftershocks have
already been recorded.
The painful process of grieving
and eventual recovery for entire
communities is only just beginning.
James Robbins, BBC News.
Police in California say five
people, including a gunman, are dead
after a series of shootings
at several locations
including a primary school.
At least one child was shot
while pupils were being dropped
off in the morning and
another child was hit,
along with a woman, while they were
travelling in a truck.
Much more should be done
to reduce the quantity
of food wasted every year.
Campaigners say it's a problem that
costs up to £17 billion a year
and many are pointing the finger
of blame at consumers.
But simple steps like better
planning of meals, storing
and freezing food can make a big
difference as our correspondent,
Jeremy Cooke, tells us.
If you want to stop food
waste, down on the farm
is a good place to start.
These fields are part of a trial
to find new ways to make sure these
potatoes end up on our plates
and not in the bin.
I hate waste because it's costing me
money and so I don't
want to see waste.
So that's why we're striving
all the time to cut out
waste in the field.
So Ian, I've got
some VA data here...
Jeff is comparing notes,
sharing hi-tech data with Ian
from the supermarket.
So we're looking good, low waste.
Even before the potatoes
come out of the ground,
detailed computer analysis means
they know, for instance,
the yield and so how much
shelf space in store,
how much marketing
to shift any excess.
We're working with technology
to allow that information flow
from what's happening in the field.
So our growers can tell us
what they think they're going to be
producing and then we can match that
to what we want to sell and,
hopefully, take that waste out
of the supply chain.
There are now big efforts throughout
the process to reduce food waste,
whether it be on the farm,
in processing, in storage
or in the supermarkets.
But perhaps the biggest difference
can be made by us consumers
because most of the food that gets
thrown away is from
our own kitchens.
Kate's a self-confessed foodie,
she took part in a scheme to reduce
waste and now puts 20% less food
in the bin.
Well, Kate measures ingredients
so there's no waste,
keeps the fridge at optimum
temperature, so things stay fresh,
uses DIY vacuum packs in the freezer
for long-term storage.
And, keeps leftovers for week
day lunch and super.
You save food, you save
money and you save time.
So if you want to do any of those
three things, it's worth it.
And then also, we should feel
a little bit responsible
for the planet as well.
But what happens if you still have
food heading for the bin?
Well, how about a community fridge.
It's a simple idea, food that's
still good is donated instead
of discarded and then it's given
for free to anyone who wants it.
This one is in Swadlincote,
it's one of two already operating,
but the plan is to have 50 up
and running by the end of the year.
Good news for people like Lizzie.
If obviously it's going in the bin
it's wasted, especially for those
that haven't got enough money to go
and get a full food shop.
There are people who are desperately
in need and yet there are other
organisations that are just throwing
food down into skips.
There are people that have come
in here that have talked
about the days when they used
to have to go into the skips
and the amount of the food
they get out of the skip.
Producing food takes hard graft
and major investment,
but it's massively undervalued
and reducing waste will take
a huge shift of attitude
in our throwaway society.
Jeremy Cooke, BBC News.
The President of France,
Emmanuel Macron, has told the BBC
that Donald Trump and Vladimir Putin
are "threatening" Western values
of openness and tolerance.
It is now six months
since Mr Macron took office,
promising to transform French
society, the economy
and even its modern sense
of identity in the world.
Our Paris correspondent,
Lucy Williamson, who travelled
with the President to Abu Dhabi
recently, has sent this report.
Most presidents enjoy
a flash of military uniform
in their schedules, a tang
of old fashioned global power,
but Emmanuel Macron is fighting
his own slippery battle
for French influence abroad.
Jihadi groups in this region have
built a grand narrative
around their vision,
he says, the West needs one
too, based on openness,
tolerance and democracy.
At the opening of a new Louve Museum
in Abu Dhabi, he told me those
values were under threat
from leaders like Vladimir
Putin and Donald Trump.
If you don't defend these values,
it will become harder
and harder, I agree.
But is it harder now,
is it under threat?
I mean for sure it's
a threat, for sure.
But first of all, you have to speak
and discuss with those leaders
because sometimes there's a chance,
they were not like that at the very
beginning, and the explanation
of the divergence is very often due
to their paranoia of the threat
and their willingness to protect
something and to be much more
nervous about what they want
to protect, but forgetting the fact
that part of their own civilisation
is about openness.
If you decide just to push
them back from Europe
If you decide just to push them back
from Europe and all that you see,
you are betraying our values.
It's bad, you lose them.
But does it work?
When you sat down with Mr Trump
and Mr Putin, have you found
that you've been able
to affect real change?
I mean it's not overnight
effect, for sure.
I'm optimistic and I can...
I'm extremely (inaudible).
So I will insist and
insist and insist.
Macron ran his election campaign
by insisting on the power of liberal
values to solve France's problems,
including its most
pressing one - jobs.
This area used to be the centre
of a booming leather industry,
with more than 100 factories.
Serge Cathala's factory is one
of just a dozen left.
Unemployment here is 21%,
twice the national average,
but President Macron's sweeping
reforms means Serge has
begun hiring again.
about Macron is that he's young,
he looks like he's got guts.
Nobody's going to walk all over him,
unlike his predecessors,
and he's got good ideas,
more flexibility for company owners
to hire people and more freedom.
A company needs leaders
who will let them work.
President Macron has already
reformed France's rigid labour law
to curb the power of the unions,
but this area's favourites
for president were the protectionist
candidates on the far-right
And in cafes like this one,
Mr Macron's plans to extend
unemployment insurance have less
impact than say his tax break
for French millionaires.
president of the rich.
He hasn't changed my
life or the lives of
the people in this town.
We are the little people
and I don't know if this man
is going to change things for us.
Here in Paris, six months
ago, Mr Macron vowed
to remake French politics.
Since then, he's been criticised
for being more king than president.
Even some of those who agree
with Mr Macron's analysis have
questioned his style as President.
Were some see clarity,
determination and poise,
others see arrogance,
pomposity and hubris.
Mr Macron has said modesty doesn't
interest him because he's France's
last chance to prove to itself that
and democracy work.
Lucy Williamson, BBC News, Paris.
to South Africa has dismissed
talk of a military coup
against the 93-year-old
President Robert Mugabe.
He said the government
in Harare was "intact"
despite the presence of soldiers
and armoured vehicles
on the streets of the capital.
The ruling Zanu-PF Party has accused
the country's senior general
of treasonable conduct.
Tonight's football, and the Republic
of Ireland have missed out
on a place in next summer's
World Cup finals after a defeat
at home to Denmark.
Wales and England have also been
in action in friendlies.
David Ornstein is in Wembley,
we'll speak to him about those
matches in a moment,
but first to Dublin and our sports
correspondent, Joe Wilson.
The Republic of Ireland take their
footballers from the Epping leash
Premier League but from the second
tier Championship. Their resources
are limited. They build their
success on being defensive strong,
resolute. When the game against
Denmark opened up, the home team
fell apart there. Are tough words to
write and to hear.
Mistakes, wrote Dublin's James
Joyce, are portals to discovery.
Well fine, but he never had to play
Denmark on a Tuesday night
with the World Cup at stake.
An error on the pitch could cost
everything, both teams knew.
Five minutes gone, a free kick
for the Republic of Ireland and this
is what a perfect start looks like.
Shane Duffy, the big man
with the big moment.
But the chance came
from a misdirected Danish boot.
That goal seemed so precious,
its value crashed.
The Danes came with skill
to tease the Irish defence,
still Cyrus Christie was defending
the line on that post.
The ball evaded him.
In Christian Eriksen of Tottenham,
Denmark possessed the most
talented man on the pitch.
Far too good to be left in space.
Second half and Eriksen had
the chance to settle it.
Now that was a lovely finish.
Sadly there was still
time for error.
Stephen Ward's defending
set up Eriksen again.
And by the time Bendtner
put away a penalty,
the evening had gone past sad.
Republic of Ireland must join Italy
watching the World Cup.
Joe Wilson, BBC News, Dublin.
England have already qualified for
Russia and tonight, here at Wembley,
they held one of the greatest
football nations, Brazil, to a
goaless draw. Plenty of
encouragement for this young and
inexperienced squad. Over in
Cardiff, Wales were also in friendly
action. They took the lead through
Tom Lawrence against Panama. What a
strike that was. However, it is
wasn't to be for the Welsh. The
Panama, who are themselves going to
the World Cup, equalised with
virtually the last kick of the game.
David thank you very much.
David Ornstein for us there in
The Olympic champion,
Mo Farah, is now Sir Mo
after receiving his knighthood
from the Queen at
Buckingham Palace today.
Sir Mohamed Farah,
for services to athletics.
Sir Mo came to the UK from Somalia
as a young boy and went on to become
Britain's most decorated athlete.
This summer, he retired
from his track career to concentrate
on running marathons.
He described the knighthood today
as a "dream come true."
Newsnight is coming up on BBC Two,
here's Evan Davies.
Something funny is going
on in Zimbabwe right now,
an apparent struggle to succeed
President Mugabe, who's the world's