06/12/2017 BBC News at Ten


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06/12/2017

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Tonight at 10...

0:00:060:00:08

President Trump breaks with decades

of US foreign policy,

0:00:080:00:10

and recognises Jerusalem

as the capital of Israel.

0:00:100:00:14

Mr Trump said he was also delivering

on a campaign promise

0:00:140:00:17

to move the US Embassy

from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.

0:00:170:00:20

He said the change was

a "recognition of reality."

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I judge this course of action to be

in the best interests of the United

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States of America, and the pursuit

of peace between Israel and the

0:00:310:00:34

Palestinians.

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But the decision on Jerusalem has

provoked opposition around

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the world, as the United Nations

warned it would damage the search

0:00:400:00:43

for peace between Israel

and the Palestinians.

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We'll have the latest

from Jerusalem and from Washington

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on a decision that could have

profound implications

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for the Middle East.

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Also tonight...

0:00:540:01:01

Three, two, one.

0:01:010:01:04

The Christmas spirit

in Downing Street.

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Counting down to the next stage

of the Brexit talks,

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as ministers admit there's no

measure of the impact

0:01:080:01:10

on the economy.

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Automotive sector?

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No, not that I'm aware of.

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Is there one on aerospace?

0:01:130:01:14

Not that I'm aware of.

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One on financial services?

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I think the answer's

going to be no to all of them.

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No to all of them.

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A man appears in court,

accused of plotting to assassinate

0:01:220:01:25

the Prime Minister

and bomb Downing Street.

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After a 20-year excavation,

one of the oldest skeletons

0:01:270:01:31

of humankind's ancestors

is unveiled in South Africa.

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Oh, that's it.

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And, two consecutive defeats

but England insist they're

0:01:430:01:45

still in the Ashes series.

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Coming up in Sportsday later

in the hour on BBC News:

0:01:480:01:51

It could have been a nervy night

Liverpool but a big win sees

0:01:510:01:54

them reach the last 16

of the Champions League.

0:01:540:02:00

Good evening.

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President Trump has abandoned

decades of US foreign policy

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by recognising Jerusalem

as the capital of Israel.

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It is arguably his most

controversial decision

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since taking office,

and it's provoked expressions of

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concern and anger around the world.

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Mr Trump also approved plans

to move the US embassy

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from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.

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The Pope and the head

of the United Nations

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are among world leaders

to voice their opposition.

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And the Palestinian president

Mahmoud Abbas warned of "dangerous

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consequences" for the entire region.

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In a moment, we'll have

the latest from Jerusalem.

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But first to Washington and our

North America editor, Jon Sopel.

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It is hard to overstate the enormous

historical significance of today's

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announcement for the 1948 Harry

Truman became the first US president

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to recognise the state of Israel.

Today, nearly 70 years on, Donald

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Trump becomes the first US president

to recognise that Jerusalem is its

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capital. Indeed he becomes the first

leader anywhere in the world to

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recognise Jerusalem as its capital

for it is a city that has long been

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fought over, a city that will be one

of the keys to any future peace

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agreement. That is why today's

announcement is so controversial.

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CAMERA SHUTTERS CLICK

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Thank you.

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The president signing this or that

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proclamation has become

a commonplace, but nothing he's put

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his name to is as consequential

or historic as this,

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a decision that upends US policy

to the Middle East,

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the most troubled

region in the world.

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Past decisions had failed.

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It was time for a new approach.

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Today, we finally

acknowledge the obvious,

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that Jerusalem is Israel's capital.

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This is nothing more or less

than a recognition of reality.

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It is also the right thing to do.

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It's something that has to be done.

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It's a decision that

the Arab world and

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cloche at close allies cautioned

against, but the president has gone

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ahead, and so he stressed his

commitment to peace, whether via a

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two state solution

or any other solution.

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We want an agreement that is a great

deal for the Israelis,

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and a great deal

for the Palestinians.

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We are not taking a position of any

final status issues,

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including the specific boundaries

of the Israeli sovereignty in

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Jerusalem, or the resolution

of contested borders.

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Demonstrations so far have

been relatively low-key,

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but US citizens have been warned not

to go to the west bank or the old

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city in Jerusalem, the president

well aware of the reaction this

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speech might provoke.

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So, today, we call for calm,

for moderation, and

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for the voices of tolerance to

prevail over the purveyors of hate.

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Our children should inherit our

love, not our conflicts.

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There has been a fierce

international backlash

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to what the president is proposing,

even though Donald Trump insists

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it's just accepting

what is present-day reality.

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So far, the Arab world,

Nato, the Pope, the UN,

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Russia and Turkey have spoken

out against the move.

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The White House is on a charm

offensive, but so far,

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the only country that has

been charmed is Israel.

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And on Jerusalem's

ancient walls, a very

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modern projection of

Israeli sentiment tonight.

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This is a historic day.

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We are profoundly grateful

to the president for his

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courageous and just decision

to recognise Jerusalem

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as the capital of Israel,

and to prepare for the

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opening of the US Embassy here.

0:06:030:06:07

This decision reflects

the President's

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commitment to an ancient but

enduring truth, to fulfilling his

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promises and to advancing peace.

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Six months ago,

the Palestinian leader

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hosted Donald Trump

on his Middle East tour.

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That early optimism replaced

by disappointment today.

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TRANSLATION:

Jerusalem

is a Palestinian city - Christian,

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Muslim, Jewish -

and it is the capital of the state

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of Palestine for ever.

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Jerusalem, a city 6000 miles and two

continents away from

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the US, was the subject

of an unusual campaign pledge

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from Donald Trump

to a very narrow constituency,

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to move the US embassy from Tel Aviv

to Jerusalem and recognise the

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ancient city as Israel's capital,

but in keeping that promise, he

0:07:010:07:05

seems to have made his other goal

of advancing Middle East peace

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a whole lot more complicated.

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Jon Sopel, BBC News, Washington.

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The city of Jerusalem

is at the heart of the conflict

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between Israel and the Palestinians

because both sides

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claim it as their own.

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Back in 1948, Israeli independece

came after a war the Arabs lost,

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and 750,000 Palestinians

were expelled by Israel or fled.

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When the shooting stopped,

Jerusalem was divided

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between Israel and Jordan.

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The Israelis declared

their side the capital.

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The rest of the world said

that Jerusalem's final

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status was undecided.

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In 1967 after another war,

the Jordanians were forced out

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of the east side of Jerusalem,

which includes the walled Old City,

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and Jerusalem's most

important holy sites.

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In 1993, Israelis and Palestinians

embarked on a peace process

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and one of the key issues

was the future of Jerusalem.

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Palestinians want a capital

of a future state in

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the east of the city.

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The peace process broke down

and the current Israeli government

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says Jerusalem will not be divided.

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Our correspondent,

Yolande Knell, sent this report.

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For many Israelis, Mr Trump's formal

recognition of Israeli sovereignty

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over Jerusalem corrects

an historic injustice.

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This is a city with 3000

years of Jewish history -

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their seat of government.

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And there has long been

frustration that the US,

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Israel's closest ally, just has

consulate offices here, not its

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embassy.

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Now that is set to change and there

are hopes that other countries

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will follow Washington's lead.

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I expect the leaders of the free

world to recognise Jerusalem

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as the capital of Israel.

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We recognise Paris as the capital

of France and Berlin

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as the capital of Germany.

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We expect our friends to recognise

our own capital as what it is.

0:09:040:09:09

About a third of Jerusalemites

are Palestinians.

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The old city here has some

of the holiest sites for

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Muslims and Christians

as well as Jews.

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And Palestinians want occupied

East Jerusalem as the capital of

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their future state.

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They object to the US announcement.

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TRANSLATION: As a Palestinian,

this is a mistake.

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Jerusalem is the capital

for the Palestinian state.

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That is not negotiable.

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TRANSLATION: There will be

troubles over this.

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It will not pass smoothly.

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There will be opposition

and there will be chaos.

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Jerusalem is probably

the most sensitive issue

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in the Israel/Palestinian conflict.

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This ancient city has great

religious and political significance

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and we have seen many times how just

small changes made here can

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quickly flare up into unrest.

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During the summer there

was deadly violence

0:10:050:10:07

when Israel put in new security

measures at Al-Aqsa mosque

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compound, after two Israeli

policemen were killed there.

0:10:100:10:14

These were later removed

to keep the status quo.

0:10:140:10:17

Now Palestinian officials say

Mr Trump is raising tensions again.

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This is a declaration of war on

Palestine and the Palestinians and a

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manifestation of the lack of

fairness in handling the Palestine

0:10:310:10:35

file. A total bias towards Israel.

0:10:350:10:39

Tonight, there were large protests

in Gaza, following the US

0:10:390:10:42

President's speech.

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And there are calls for more

in the coming days.

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Yolande Knell, BBC News, Jerusalem.

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Our Middle East editor

Jeremy Bowen is here.

0:10:490:10:55

Strongly worded criticism

from across the world.

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What's your assessment

tonight of the implications

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for the Middle East?

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Potentially very serious. Mr Trump

says he will work very hard for

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peace. By alienating one side so

completely he has made the job much

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harder. He says you cannot have

peace without recognising Israeli

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rights, the Israeli sovereignty, the

Israeli capital. The Palestinians

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have said very clearly they want a

Palestinian capital of Jerusalem or

0:11:250:11:30

it is no deal. If he had said, OK, I

want Israel to have their P also the

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Palestinians, he could have changed

the conversation greatly. -- their

0:11:370:11:41

capital there also. Every time I am

in Jerusalem, I look at the area

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around the holy sites. It is sitting

there like a time bomb in the centre

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of the Middle East was any thing

that upsets the status quo injury

0:11:510:11:55

slim is potentially cause of

violence. I think will be marches in

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the next few days but not

necessarily big upsurges in

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violence. If it happens, it might be

a couple of months, and triggered by

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something else but the atmosphere

has changed. I think the US and the

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Israelis could be calculating that

the weak and very divided

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Palestinian leadership will say a

few things and basically suck it up.

0:12:190:12:24

It is possible and they might also

be calculating that big countries

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like Saudi Arabia will protest but

they will be more interested in

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getting together with Israel and

states against Iran. The thing about

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Jerusalem as it has the capacity to

make people angry all over the

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place, particularly in the streets

in the Arab world foot I think

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whatever people in the palaces are

saying and hoping, I think this has

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the possibility for causing trouble

in not just Jerusalem itself. We saw

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King Abdullah of Jordan saying, he

was being quite strong about what Mr

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Trump said. I think that is because

he is worried about there could be

0:12:590:13:03

trouble on his streets and he is not

the only one.

Thank you.

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To read more about the Middle East

and to learn why Jerusalem matters -

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then you can go to our

website - bbc.co.uk/news.

0:13:120:13:18

You will see the links to our

reports today and our analysis as

0:13:180:13:22

well.

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David Davis, the Brexit Secretary,

has been accused of gross

0:13:250:13:27

negligence, after admitting

that the Government has not tried

0:13:270:13:29

to calculate the impact of Brexit

on the British economy.

0:13:290:13:33

During the day, in a new attempt

to unlock the Brexit talks,

0:13:330:13:37

the Prime Minister spoke

to Arlene Foster of the DUP,

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who forced the rescheduling

of the talks earlier this week.

0:13:400:13:44

Her party rejects Theresa May's

proposals for the future

0:13:440:13:52

of Northern Ireland's border.

0:13:520:13:53

Our deputy political editor,

John Pienaar, reports.

0:13:530:13:55

Three, two, one.

0:13:550:13:58

Theresa May needs

some comfort and joy

0:13:580:14:00

in the Cabinet in her party

in Ireland, North and South.

0:14:000:14:06

If only everyone could

sing from the same

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hymn sheet on Brexit.

0:14:080:14:15

Her message, "Start trade talks.

0:14:150:14:16

We could all get what we want."

0:14:160:14:21

We aim to deliver this as part

of our overall trade

0:14:210:14:24

deal between the United Kingdom

and the European Union.

0:14:240:14:26

Labour is loving

Theresa May's troubles.

0:14:260:14:29

Brexit negotiations in a shambles.

0:14:290:14:33

This Government is clearly

not fit for the future.

0:14:330:14:35

Tory Brexiteers are ramping

up the pressure, too.

0:14:350:14:37

They say, no more concessions.

0:14:370:14:42

Will she apply a new coat of paint

to her red lines because I fear

0:14:420:14:46

on Monday they were beginning

to look a little bit pink?

0:14:460:14:49

If we have a problem,

would it help if I came over

0:14:490:15:00

to Brussels

with you to sort them out?

0:15:010:15:03

The DUP heard Mrs May's pledge

to preserve the union but want more

0:15:030:15:06

guarantees Brexit means the same

deal for the whole UK.

0:15:060:15:08

Can you give a specific

commitment that nothing

0:15:080:15:10

will be done that creates any

barrier - constitutionally,

0:15:100:15:20

politically, economically, or

regulatory between Northern Ireland

0:15:210:15:23

and the rest of the United Kingdom?

0:15:230:15:24

Mrs May was on the phone

to the DUP leader today.

0:15:240:15:27

But still no sign of agreement.

0:15:270:15:29

In Dublin, a clear threat.

0:15:290:15:30

Ireland's leader wants a promise

of free trade and no

0:15:300:15:32

hard north/south border.

0:15:320:15:33

And he would veto the

start of trade talks

0:15:330:15:35

at next week's EU summit to get it.

0:15:350:15:37

If it is not possible to move

to phase two next week

0:15:370:15:40

because of the problems that have

arisen, then we can pick it up

0:15:400:15:43

of course in the New Year.

0:15:430:15:45

The Prime Minister spoke to him

on the phone today, too.

0:15:450:15:47

Still no sign of another meeting

in Brussels this week.

0:15:470:15:50

The President of the European

Commission, Jean-Claude Juncker's

0:15:500:15:52

spokesman went so far today

as to say his boss wanted

0:15:520:15:54

to prevent Mrs May's

government from collapsing.

0:15:540:15:58

So, how clear is Britain's

future after Brexit?

0:15:580:16:00

Not at all, according

to the Brexit Secretary today.

0:16:000:16:02

David Davis only handed over files

on business and Brexit reluctantly.

0:16:020:16:05

MPs accepted he had met the demands

of the Commons but today he

0:16:050:16:09

also told them no estimates of

the cost to business had been done.

0:16:090:16:13

It would be a game changer

but guesswork was pointless.

0:16:130:16:17

Look at the chairman's face.

0:16:170:16:22

So, there isn't one, for example,

on the automotive sector?

0:16:220:16:25

No.

0:16:250:16:26

Not that I am aware of.

0:16:260:16:27

Is there one on aerospace?

0:16:270:16:29

Not that I am aware of.

0:16:290:16:30

No.

0:16:300:16:31

On financial services?

0:16:310:16:32

I think the answer will

be no to all of them.

0:16:320:16:35

No to all of them.

0:16:350:16:36

Right.

0:16:360:16:37

And now a new cause

for Brexiteer Tories to complain.

0:16:370:16:39

The Chancellor says

Britain will not shirk its

0:16:390:16:41

divorce bill - deal or no deal.

0:16:410:16:43

That's just not

a credible scenario.

0:16:430:16:44

It's not the kind of country we are.

0:16:440:16:46

Frankly, it would not make us

a credible partner for future

0:16:460:16:49

international agreements.

0:16:490:16:52

But Theresa May's team said there

will be no deal, including cash,

0:16:520:16:55

until Brexit is agreed.

0:16:550:16:59

Tonight the goodwill is in short

supply in the Cabinet too.

0:16:590:17:01

John Pienaar, BBC

News, in Westminster.

0:17:010:17:08

Let's go live to Westminster, and

Johnnies there. John, some attempts

0:17:080:17:14

at optimistic statements today from

Government, but really, what do you

0:17:140:17:18

read into the state of these Brexit

talks right now?

It like deadlock.

0:17:180:17:25

Forced to a standstill by competing

pressures on all sides. We've seen

0:17:250:17:29

the Brexiteers telling Mrs May to

give no more concessions. Tonight,

0:17:290:17:34

19 Tory MPs worried about Brexit are

saying, ignore the Brexiteers,

0:17:340:17:38

saying they are driving her to walk

away with no deal at all. Something

0:17:380:17:43

will have to give, or next week's

European summit will again decide

0:17:430:17:47

not to start those talks on trade,

and if that happens, we will seek

0:17:470:17:53

Brexiteers, Brexit supporting

sections of the media, calling on

0:17:530:18:00

Mrs May as never before to walk

away. With all of the uncertainty

0:18:000:18:03

that would inevitably bring, and the

penitential for the dampening of

0:18:030:18:05

markets and of sterling. We don't

know, there could be more proposals

0:18:050:18:09

being brought forward by Mrs May in

the next 24 hours. That is what the

0:18:090:18:13

Irish leader is saying tonight, that

he expected that could be a

0:18:130:18:16

breakthrough. And then you may see

Mrs May coming through with a

0:18:160:18:20

clearer vision Brexit and she has

given so far, and the first real

0:18:200:18:23

discussion in the Cabinet. Tonight,

this latest chapter in the story of

0:18:230:18:28

Brexit looks like becoming a

cliffhanger.

John, once again, many

0:18:280:18:32

thanks.

0:18:320:18:34

A man has appeared in court,

accused of plotting to kill

0:18:340:18:36

the Prime Minister,

in a bomb and knife

0:18:360:18:38

attack on Downing Street.

0:18:380:18:39

Naa'imur Zakariyah Rahman,

who's 20 and from North London,

0:18:390:18:42

is alleged to have planned

to bomb the security gates,

0:18:420:18:44

before attacking Number 10.

0:18:440:18:45

Our home affairs correspondent

June Kelly reports.

0:18:450:18:53

Counterterrorism detectives moved

in on two men last week.

0:18:530:18:55

Yesterday, they were

charged, and this morning,

0:18:550:19:00

amid high security,

came their first court appearance.

0:19:000:19:03

One is accused of planning

to strike at the heart

0:19:030:19:05

of the British Government

and assassinate Theresa May.

0:19:050:19:09

He's Naa'imur Zakariyah

Rahman, on the left.

0:19:090:19:11

In the dock with him

was Mohammed Aqib Imran.

0:19:110:19:17

In court came the outline

of the prosecution case.

0:19:170:19:21

Naa'imur Zakariyah Rahman is 20

years old and told the court

0:19:210:19:23

he was Bangladeshi British.

0:19:230:19:26

He is accused of planning

to detonate an improvised

0:19:260:19:28

explosive device -

in other words, a bomb -

0:19:280:19:30

here at the Downing Street gates.

0:19:300:19:32

In the chaos that would follow,

it's alleged that, equipped

0:19:320:19:36

with a suicide vest,

a pepper spray and a knife,

0:19:360:19:39

he wanted to get down the street,

into Number 10 and kill the Prime

0:19:390:19:42

Minister.

0:19:420:19:46

He was arrested last Tuesday in this

road in West London.

0:19:460:19:49

It is claimed that he had two inert

improvised explosive

0:19:490:19:51

devices in his possession.

0:19:510:19:54

He's also accused of

helping his co-defendant,

0:19:540:19:56

Mohammed Aqib Imran,

to prepare terrorist acts.

0:19:560:20:00

It's claimed he was planning to

travel abroad to join IS fighters.

0:20:000:20:05

Yesterday, the head of MI5

briefed the Cabinet

0:20:050:20:07

about the security situation.

0:20:070:20:08

Nine Islamist-inspired

plots are said to have

0:20:080:20:10

been thwarted this year.

0:20:100:20:14

The next hearing in this latest case

will be in two weeks' time.

0:20:140:20:18

June Kelly, BBC News.

0:20:180:20:23

A man from Lancashire is alleged

to have sent the address

0:20:230:20:25

of Prince George's school

to potential attackers.

0:20:250:20:28

Husnain Rashid, who's 31,

has appeared before

0:20:280:20:29

Westminster Magistrates,

accused of helping others

0:20:290:20:32

to commit acts of terrorism.

0:20:320:20:33

He was remanded in custody to appear

at the Old Bailey later this month.

0:20:330:20:42

The High Court in Birmingham

is considering whether the men

0:20:420:20:44

suspected of carrying out

the Birmingham pub bombings

0:20:440:20:46

in 1974 should be named

at a new inquest, due

0:20:460:20:49

to held next year.

0:20:490:20:52

Lawyers for relatives of the victims

said there had never been a 'full

0:20:520:20:55

and independent investigation'

into what happened.

0:20:550:21:00

Two of the men wrongly

jailed for the attack,

0:21:000:21:04

have told the BBC they also want

the perpetrators brought to justice

0:21:040:21:08

as our correspondent

Sima Kotecha reports.

0:21:080:21:11

These faces are a reminder of what

happened in Birmingham more than 40

0:21:110:21:14

years ago.

0:21:140:21:15

Two bombs exploded inside to pubs,

killing 21 people.

0:21:150:21:17

Today, the families

of those victims are

0:21:170:21:19

challenging the system.

0:21:190:21:27

They want the inquest

next year to include the

0:21:270:21:29

names of the suspects,

something the coroner

0:21:290:21:31

has decided against.

0:21:310:21:32

This is our one and only

opportunity to get

0:21:320:21:36

to the truth, and the perpetrators

must be brought into scope.

0:21:360:21:38

Otherwise, there's no point

in having an inquest.

0:21:380:21:44

It was Birmingham's

deadliest attack, and

0:21:440:21:46

those responsible have

never been prosecuted.

0:21:460:21:49

Instead, these men, who became known

as the Birmingham Six,

0:21:490:21:52

were wrongly imprisoned

for the crime.

0:21:520:21:55

Now, in a rare interview,

two of them are also calling for the

0:21:550:21:58

truth.

0:21:580:22:01

The families of the people

in Birmingham, they are the ones who

0:22:010:22:04

really suffered.

0:22:040:22:06

For years and years,

I've always said that there

0:22:060:22:10

was a double injustice done here -

by the innocent being convicted

0:22:100:22:13

under the circumstances,

and the innocent victims not getting

0:22:130:22:18

justice, and their

families, in the sense

0:22:180:22:22

that the police weren't

even

0:22:220:22:23

looking for anyone else.

0:22:230:22:29

The IRA is widely

believed to have been

0:22:290:22:31

responsible.

0:22:310:22:33

In what's been described

as one of the worst

0:22:330:22:35

miscarriages of justice, the men

were jailed for almost 17 years

0:22:350:22:38

before their convictions

were quashed.

0:22:380:22:42

Justice has been done today,

but it's took 16 years for

0:22:420:22:44

this justice to happen.

0:22:440:22:49

It's such a serious

crime that they wanted

0:22:490:22:51

somebody for it.

0:22:510:22:54

And then they got me

into the station

0:22:540:22:56

and they certainly knocked me about.

0:22:560:22:58

And it was dreadful.

0:22:580:23:02

They made me say confessions.

0:23:020:23:04

I've had nightmares.

0:23:040:23:06

And I woke up at night,

not so long ago, plenty

0:23:060:23:09

of times, screaming

and

0:23:090:23:10

shouting, thinking they

were still beating me.

0:23:100:23:15

The memories of their arrest

still haunt them today,

0:23:150:23:18

beaten into making confessions,

mock executions, psychological

0:23:180:23:22

torture, just some of the police

methods they say were used on them.

0:23:220:23:28

I was dragged into a room

with about five or six of them.

0:23:280:23:32

It was dark.

0:23:320:23:33

They punched me and kicked me

until I had agreed to tell them

0:23:330:23:36

anything they wanted.

0:23:360:23:39

So, I was in a position

where I had to try and make up

0:23:390:23:42

something that would agree

with what they would accept.

0:23:420:23:47

For those who lost their

loved ones, it's been a

0:23:470:23:49

long fight for justice.

0:23:490:23:52

The coroner has argued

it is not his job to

0:23:520:23:54

point the finger of blame.

0:23:540:23:55

His views will be heard

at the judicial review

0:23:550:23:58

tomorrow.

0:23:580:23:59

We're at the site of

one of the bombings.

0:23:590:24:02

The Mulberry Bush

pub was just here behind me.

0:24:020:24:04

Now, these attacks

rocked the nation.

0:24:040:24:07

The Birmingham Six

still haven't got the

0:24:070:24:10

answers they've been searching for,

and neither have the victims'

0:24:100:24:12

families.

0:24:120:24:13

Decades on, it remains unclear

whether they ever will.

0:24:130:24:16

Sima Kotecha, BBC News, Birmingham.

0:24:160:24:25

After a painstaking excavation

that took two decades,

0:24:250:24:27

one of the oldest and most complete

skeletons of humankind's ancestors

0:24:270:24:30

has been unveiled in South Africa.

0:24:300:24:31

Little Foot, as she's been named,

is more than three million years

0:24:310:24:34

old, and was discovered

in the Sterkfontein caves

0:24:340:24:36

north-west of Johannesburg.

0:24:360:24:41

Our correspondent Andrew Harding has

been to see Little Foot

0:24:410:24:43

and the caves where she was found.

0:24:430:24:45

They found her skeleton in these

deep caves outside Johannesburg.

0:24:450:24:48

She'd been lying here

for almost four million years,

0:24:480:24:50

trapped in the rock.

0:24:500:24:57

Today, Little Foot finally emerged -

astonishingly intact,

0:24:570:24:59

after 20 painstaking

years of excavation.

0:24:590:25:04

These bones had a very,

very fragile, flaky

0:25:040:25:06

surface, many of them.

0:25:060:25:07

And it was like trying

to extract a pie with flaky

0:25:070:25:10

pastry out of concrete

0:25:100:25:12

without damaging the pie.

0:25:120:25:19

We had to do this properly,

we had to do it slowly.

0:25:190:25:22

Yes, it took more than 20 years

of my life, but I feel younger

0:25:220:25:25

and stronger for it!

0:25:250:25:30

So, these are the caves

where Little Foot was found.

0:25:300:25:32

The theory goes that she was walking

along the surface, fell

0:25:320:25:35

down into the caves,

and was covered

0:25:350:25:37

by sediment and rock.

0:25:370:25:40

Millions of years later,

scientists in the 1980s and '90s,

0:25:400:25:43

in a series of extraordinary

coincidences, stumbled

0:25:430:25:46

across her remains and slowly

managed to piece them back together.

0:25:460:25:52

Her skeleton shows

she was in her 30s.

0:25:520:25:55

She probably lived in the trees,

and crucially, she was more

0:25:550:25:58

like us than like an ape.

0:25:580:26:02

So, the pictures you see in books

of our ancestors gradually getting

0:26:020:26:06

up off of all fours and walking

along in a stooped manner,

0:26:060:26:09

that's all nonsense.

0:26:090:26:10

They were upright when

they were in the trees,

0:26:100:26:12

and they were upright

when they came down to the ground.

0:26:120:26:15

And now they're us?

0:26:150:26:16

Yes, now they're us.

0:26:160:26:20

Unearthed in these caves, then,

a vital addition to our own

0:26:200:26:23

complicated family tree.

0:26:230:26:26

Andrew Harding, BBC

News, South Africa.

0:26:260:26:33

In cricket, England's Test captain,

Joe Root, insists his side

0:26:330:26:36

are still in the Ashes

despite starting the series

0:26:360:26:38

with consecutive defeats.

0:26:380:26:39

Australia wrapped up a 120-run

victory in less than two

0:26:390:26:42

hours of the final day,

ending hopes of

0:26:420:26:44

an England fightback.

0:26:440:26:46

Our sports correspondent Andy Swiss

reports from Adelaide.

0:26:460:26:53

They had arrived with such optimism,

England fans hoping to witness one

0:26:530:26:56

of cricket's greatest comebacks.

0:26:560:26:57

But within minutes,

their hopes lay in

0:26:570:26:59

tatters.

0:26:590:27:02

Second ball of the day,

Chris Woakes caught behind, and even

0:27:020:27:05

worse was to follow.

0:27:050:27:08

England's captain and

cornerstone, Joe Root,

0:27:080:27:09

gone for 67.

0:27:090:27:11

Australia had their key men.

0:27:110:27:15

And when Moeen Ali was trapped

for just two, any last lingering

0:27:150:27:18

hopes left with him.

0:27:180:27:19

The rest was a formality.

0:27:190:27:22

In just an hour and three quarters,

England's dreams had been

0:27:220:27:24

ruthlessly dispatched.

0:27:240:27:25

That's it...

0:27:250:27:27

Australia taking a 2-0 lead

while England tried to take the

0:27:270:27:30

positives.

0:27:300:27:32

We've shown that throughout

the two games, there are

0:27:320:27:34

periods where we can

outperform Australia,

0:27:340:27:38

just not for five days,

and that's going to be our

0:27:380:27:40

challenge, really.

0:27:400:27:42

England haven't been able

to match the pace of

0:27:420:27:44

Australia's bowlers, or

the durability of their batsmen, and

0:27:440:27:46

some believe there is no way back.

0:27:460:27:51

We've had a moment here

where we've all been

0:27:510:27:54

up a bit, and maybe,

but

0:27:540:27:56

when it comes to the tough moments,

they are better than us.

0:27:560:28:01

So, no chance?

0:28:010:28:02

I don't think so, no.

0:28:020:28:05

And so, an all too familiar story.

0:28:050:28:07

England have now lost their last

seven Tests in Australia.

0:28:070:28:10

One more and their

Ashes hopes will have

0:28:100:28:12

turned to dust.

0:28:120:28:20

Yes, England now head to Perth for

the third test next week, and they

0:28:200:28:24

know that if Australia win that

match, they will win the Ashes. One

0:28:240:28:28

other piece of news to be new: Ben

Stokes has been named in England's

0:28:280:28:33

one-day squad for their series here

in January. He is waiting to find

0:28:330:28:37

out whether he will be charged over

an incident in Bristol in September,

0:28:370:28:42

and despite being named in this

squad, as things stand at the

0:28:420:28:45

moment, he won't be selected to

play.

0:28:450:28:49

Andy, many thanks again.

0:28:490:28:52

Five English teams are

through to the last 16

0:28:520:28:54

of the Champions League

for the first time.

0:28:540:28:55

Liverpool guaranteed

they went through after

0:28:550:28:57

beating Spartak Moscow.

0:28:570:28:58

This volley from Sadio Mane

was the pick on their goals

0:28:580:29:01

in an emphatic 7-0 victory.

0:29:010:29:02

Spurs and Manchester City also both

finished top of their groups.

0:29:020:29:12

In its first month since opening

in the US, the film Lady Bird has

0:29:130:29:17

made history as the best-reviewed

in Hollywood history.

0:29:170:29:19

It's a coming of age story written

and directed by award-winning

0:29:190:29:22

actress Greta Gerwig.

0:29:220:29:24

She's been talking to our

entertainment correspondent

0:29:240:29:28

Lizo Mzimba about the prime

importance, especially now,

0:29:280:29:30

of having women in roles

of influence in the film industry.

0:29:300:29:38

I want to go where culture is, like

New York, or at least Connecticut.

A

0:29:380:29:44

coming-of-age tale about a daughter

and mother's difficult relationship.

0:29:440:29:47

So far, so familiar. Perhaps not.

Lady Bird is that you're given an?

0:29:470:29:58

Because Lady Bird's influence has

been unprecedented.

It is

0:29:580:30:01

astonishing.

She's talking about the

fact that no Hollywood film ever has

0:30:010:30:06

scored so many positive reviews.

I

don't have anything to say that

0:30:060:30:10

Telecom, is just kind of amazing.

They think, this had better be

0:30:100:30:16

crazy.

Well, I saw your Thanksgiving

show. My name's Lady Bird.

We should

0:30:160:30:27

shake hands.

It centres on a girl

documenting her teenage years. It is

0:30:270:30:37

symbolically meaningful off-screen,

too.

It makes me sad every year when

0:30:370:30:40

there are actresses who talk about

how there are a limited number of

0:30:400:30:47

interesting parts, and parts that

are full, interesting human beings

0:30:470:30:53

driving the story, who are the

subject, not the object.

The female

0:30:530:30:57

lead story is also leading the way

in perhaps most significant -- the

0:30:570:31:01

most significant year for the male

directors. Greta Gerwig know she

0:31:010:31:05

could soon become only the fifth

woman ever to be nominated for Best

0:31:050:31:09

director at the Oscars. She is

equally excited she might not be

0:31:090:31:11

alone.

There's a slew of great

female directors this year, and like

0:31:110:31:17

I said...

Director of...

There is

also Patty Jenkins.

Who was behind

0:31:170:31:31

wonder woman. It is a time the

conversation. The silence breakers,

0:31:310:31:35

who revealed sexual misconduct,

named Time magazine's person of the

0:31:350:31:39

year.

Putting women in Power is

important. A diversity of voices.

0:31:390:31:44

Because I think it is impossible to

change things as long as everything

0:31:440:31:49

stays the same.

A film and its

director aiming to give women a

0:31:490:31:53

greater voice both on and off the

screen.

0:31:530:31:57