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Tonight at 10.00pm: a rise in cases
of domestic violence prompts calls
for more to be done to protect
the children caught up in it.
Her ex-partner threatened to beat
her and her 12-year-old child up.
The Children's Commissioner calls
on the Prime Minister to introduce
introduce greater protection to deal
with the growing problem.
You'd be in the middle
of having this fight,
and you'd be looking at your kids
and you'd have eye contact
with your kids, and you'd see
the fear and look at them crying
and stuff and you wouldn't know
what to do because you can't get
out of the situation.
The BBC has been following
Northumbria Police as officers
try to deal with more
and more cases.
We have a special report.
Palestinians clash with Israeli
forces in protest at
President Trump's decision
to recognise Jerusalem
as Israel's capital.
Stretched to the limit before
winter has really set in -
warnings about the huge pressure
on the NHS.
The Queen officially commissions
into service the Royal Navy's
largest and most expensive warship -
HMS Queen Elizabeth.
And celebrations in the West
Midlands, as the title of UK City
of Culture 2021 is sent
Coming up on Sportsday on BBC News,
the best player in the world,
Cristiano Ronaldo, is named
the winner of the Ballon D'or
for the fifth time.
The number of cases of domestic
violence reported to police
in England and Wales is on the rise.
Now the Children's Commissioner
for England has called
on the Prime Minister to put
in place greater protection
for children who are exposed
to the problem, at home.
The latest figures show an increase
in the number of cases police
in England and Wales are involved
in almost 650,000
in the year to March.
It's estimated that one in seven
children and young people under
the age of 18 will have
lived with domestic abuse
at home at some point.
And it's when children
are involved that there's added
pressure on the police
to respond quickly.
Jeremy Cooke has
this special report.
It starts with Claire's
story, which I should
warn you is upsetting.
Jack was the eldest, he was 12.
He was a musician.
He was just a lovely,
quiet, gentle boy.
Paul was cheeky, full of confidence.
A good sportsman, he was a runner.
Personal best was
always in his mind.
Claire, proud mother.
Domestic abuse survivor.
She left the man who had controlled
and bullied her and her
children for years.
But the abuse continued.
It escalated, with the two boys
caught up in a world of fear.
They were frightened of their dad
and they were frightened for me
and they were very protective
of me and worried.
Despite everything, the boy's father
had a right to see them.
Claire sensed the growing danger
but was powerless to stop.
What happened next?
There was a policeman
stood at the door.
I said, "What's he done?
He's done it, hasn't he?
He's done something to them."
Domestic abuse is a reality in every
part of the country.
POLICE RADIO: There's a domestic.
Someone has been stabbed
with a screwdriver.
Northumbria Police are dealing
with calls for help 24/7.
POLICE RADIO: Are there any
children at the address?
And they often involve children.
Her ex-partner threatened
to beat her and the
12-year-old child up.
So, we're going to get somebody
up there straightaway.
Children can, and do,
suffer direct abuse.
But they also witness violence.
It has a terrible
impact on children.
We know those children
are often going to find it
difficult to build relationships,
may have difficulty holding
I've had black eyes.
I've had elbows and knees
and my head would be
bashed off something.
Jane finally fled after
she and her kids endured
almost five years of domestic abuse.
We've changed her name to protect
her and to protect the children.
I see the massive effect
it has had on them.
We'd be in the middle of having this
fight and you'd be looking
at your kids, you'd have eye contact
with your kids, and you could just
see the fear with them crying and
stuff and you wouldn't know what to
do because you can't get
out of the situation.
POLICE RADIO: Taken hold
of the female's arm
and hit her on the back.
After the 999 calls, the response.
Northumbria Police on the case.
Every year across the country, the
number of recorded domestic abuse
incidents is rising.
We're on our way to
a domestic violence case.
Every incident like this
is treated very seriously
but when there are children
involved, it all takes on an even
greater sense of urgency.
And there are also routine checks.
Tonight, the police are visiting
Melissa, along with a specialist
from Wearside Women In Need.
We'll give you a call...
There are no kids here.
Melissa felt she had no
choice but to give up her
newborn baby for adoption because
she was trapped in an abusive,
Domestic abuse, breaking the bond
between mother and child.
It has cost you your baby and it has
cost your baby his mum.
I'll never see my baby again.
I'm in so much pain.
It's ruined my life, basically.
Is there anything you need
for your flat I can help you with?
Melissa is trying to
turn things around.
She's got a job and wants
to look to the future,
with the ongoing support
of Wearside Women In Need.
For kids caught up in domestic
abuse, there's always damage.
But for Claire, as she was rushed
to Sheffield Children's
Hospital, it became
a matter of life and death.
I walked up to the bed
and they stopped the CPR and I held
him in my arms, held him so tight,
and my tears were in his hair, and
then his eyes closed.
Paul was gone and Claire became
aware of another bed, doctors
fighting to save Jack.
Their abusive, violent
father, had also died in a
fire he had deliberately set after
trapping the boys in the attic.
The boys couldn't get out but Jack
tried and he had managed to get Paul
to the edge of the attic but he'd
into the flames below.
When the fireman picked him up,
he said, "My dad did this and he
did it on purpose."
A family destroyed.
But still more agony to come.
I went with Jack to
Manchester Burns Unit
and he went straight into theatre.
Jack fell asleep in my arms
after a five-day battle
in Manchester Children's Hospital.
Early intervention can help
children and save lives.
Here, a Northumbria Police team
scans the overnight reports of
domestic abuse for cases
Its Operation Encompass and is now
rolling out across much
of the country.
It means the school is called early
morning so that they
can support that child.
The first thing we will do
is we would make sure we greet
that child with a smile.
If they've not got school
uniform on, we can offer
them school uniform.
We check they have had breakfast.
We just check they are all right.
The national statistics are bleak.
One in seven children
experiences domestic violence
and there are calls for a more
driven from the top.
I would like the Prime
Minister to make this a
priority for the whole of government
and actually send out strong
messages and a framework
for government and public
the land that children need the help
now - they can't wait
for that support.
Claire now campaigns
with Women's Aid.
Their Child First
project has recorded 20
cases since 2005, where children
have been killed by fathers who are
known perpetrators of domestic abuse
but still had access to
Domestic abuse and coercive
control is a silent killer.
It needs to be
recognised and stopped.
Claire demands that family
courts put child safety
at the heart of every decision,
a demand she makes in
the name of her Paul, and
I promise no other parent would have
to do what I did and hold
their child in their arms
as they died, knowing
it is at the hands of somebody
who should love them
and protect them the most.
Jeremy is here with me.
Claire's story is tragic.
One of the big problems, though,
with domestic abuse is often it is a
with domestic abuse is often it is a
hidden problem. What more can be
done to protect children in
We are learning more
that this is a nationwide problem
and children can be affected in many
ways, sometimes witnessing domestic
violence can leave a profound and
lasting impact. Sometimes things get
completely out of control as we saw
with Claire and her Paul and her
Jack, tragic circumstances. So there
is a problem there. What can be
done? Well we saw Operation
Encompass there in my report. That's
when the police are immediately
informed by school when a child is
caught up in a domestic abuse
incident so help can be put in
place. That's rolled out in more
than half of the police forces
across the UK. And that's exactly
what the Children's Commissioner
wants to see a more joined up
approach. Yes involving police and
schools but also social workers and
the NHS as well. The Government says
it is on this, it was certainly
mentioned in the Queen's Speech. But
Claire wants to see much more being
done. For her a crucial issue is
that child welfare should be put at
the very centre of the Family Court
Thank you Jeremy.
If you or someone you know is
affected by the issues in Jeremy's
report you can call the BBC
The leader of Hamas,
the Palestinian Islamist group,
has called for a new popular
uprising, or Intifada,
following President Trump's
recognition of Jerusalem
as the capital of Israel.
Traditional allies of the US,
including Saudi Arabia and France,
condemned President Trump's decision
but Israel said it was
a welcome step forward.
Our Middle East Editor, Jeremy
Bowen, reports from Jerusalem.
This report contains some flash
Over the years, Palestinians have
burned many American flags.
The question is
whether something fresh
Whether this old conflict has
entered a new stage.
Volleys of tear gas were directed
at Palestinian demonstrators
by Israeli security forces
in towns around Jerusalem.
Many Palestinians have serious
doubts whether these street
clashes change anything.
is as special for Palestinians
as it is for Israelis.
And Trump's decision to ignore
Palestinian claims to the city has
caused real anger.
Israel's Prime Minister,
Benjamin Netanyahu, is
He posted this video, saying,
these are great days in
But these are not great days
for Israel's foreign
Many countries feel
they have a stake in Jerusalem.
Erdogan on a visit to
Greece said the US and Israel were
trampling over international law,
rejecting a UN resolution.
Mahmoud Abbas, the
Palestinian president, on
the right, travel to Jordan for
emergency talks with King Abdullah,
whose warnings of danger ahead
were ignored by President Trump.
Afterwards, President Abbas said
America no longer had a political
role in the Middle East.
In Gaza, Ismail Haniyeh,
the leader of Hamas,
called for drastic action.
"It's time", he said,
"for a third Palestinian
Uprisings carried a heavy price
and didn't get them independence.
An intifada is a
dangerous option which
don't want to repeat.
But their anger is real.
This was a demonstration tonight
in a Palestinian refugee camp in
And they have international support.
The Americans are preparing
a new peace plan.
It will need something
very special to succeed.
It's important to realise there is
no peace process, and there hasn't
been for a few years.
But back when they used
to have serious peace
talks, the negotiators steered well
clear of the issue of the future of
That's because all sides realise
that it can unleash some
really powerful and potentially
They treated it as a politically
It was tense tonight
at Damascus Gate in the old city.
Sometimes in Jerusalem
nationalism and religious
difference are overwhelming.
Perhaps it's too much
to hope for a peace
Jeremy Bowen, BBC News, Jerusalem.
Theresa May has been
speaking to the President
of the European Commission
and the Irish Prime Minister this
evening, amid signs of possible
progress in efforts to restart
the Brexit negotiations.
The talks stalled on Monday,
after Northern Ireland's Democratic
Unionist Party objected to the draft
plans because of their concern over
the status of the border
with the Irish Republic.
Our political editor
Laura Kuenssberg is in Westminster.
From what you understand,
are they getting closer to a deal?
Well, it seems that way, Sophie.
After the in-person collapse of the
whole thing on Monday when Theresa
May had gone to Brussels and had to
then come back without a deal,
things have been kept pretty close
in a tight circle here in
Westminster. We know there have been
lots of phone calls tonight, lots of
talks. But both sides have been
pretty tight-lipped. And when we saw
the Westminster leader of the DUP,
the Northern Irish party, Nigel
Dodds, emerged from talks at
Whitehall this afternoon, he very,
very much avoided answering any
questions or giving anything away.
However, tonight, there certainly
have been signs that we're moving
towards some potential conclusion.
We know Theresa May has spoken to
the Irish leader and also to the
president of the European
Commission. There have been some
quite positive noises coming out of
Europe. I've told by other sources
there are serious proposals now on
the table, that in London, Brussels
and Westminster most people are
pretty content with. The question
is, however, what will the DUP make
of this? Are they ready to say, yes.
I understand there are plans in
place for them if it all works, for
the Prime Minister to fly to
Brussels very, very early tomorrow
morning to be able to sign on the
dotted line, to dot the eyes,
crossed the Tees and get this
agreement going. -- .de Nazanin.
They are very much using this moment
to get the maximum leveraged they
can. There certainly is progress.
Even if there isn't a deal tomorrow
things are closer than they were 48
hours or so ago.
The investigation into a tram crash
in South London last year has found
that the driver probably fell asleep
before the accident.
The tram went around a tight bend
in Croydon three times faster
than the speed limit.
Seven people died and more
than 60 were injured.
Investigators have made
a number of recommendations,
including introducing automatic
braking systems and putting
in tougher windows and doors.
Our transport correspondent,
Richard Westcott, reports.
Going three times the speed limit
around a 90 degree bend,
costing seven people their lives.
Today the final report
into the Croydon tram crash found
that the driver probably dozed
off at the controls.
Well, you can see just
how tight this bend is.
The tram was meant to be going
around it at 13 miles an hour -
one three, a snail's pace,
like we are now.
It actually went around the bend
at nearer 45 miles an hour,
and one of the survivors
was standing exactly
where I am standing now,
just checking his phone.
The injury I sustained on the tram
that day just changed my life.
It is more than a year ago, but for
Taiye the memories are fresh.
I just put my phone away,
and I held onto the pole
in front of me and I said,
God, please save my life.
And I closed my eyes.
There were some people
still screaming and
shouting under the tram
because they were trapped.
"Please don't step on me -
I am still alive."
other worrying facts.
Another tram nearly derailed
on the same corner just
nine days before, but it
wasn't investigated properly.
In fact nine drivers admitted
they had used emergency or heavy
braking on the same bend
but were worried about
It also talks of
inadequate speed signs.
Half of the passengers
were thrown out of the tram
through smashed windows and doors -
it was the main cause
of injuries and deaths.
Investigators say tougher glass
could save lives in future.
Since the accident,
new speed signs have gone up
and there is a new system that
vibrates the seat if the driver
closes their eyes for more
than a second or so.
Marilyn Logan lost her husband
Philip in the accident.
She is furious at the failure to act
on previous speeding problems.
Very, very angry because these
procedures should be
there to protect the public,
and that is not
protecting the public.
The company controlling the trams
says it's putting things right.
There's a number of lessons learned
that we immediately put
in place after the events,
and that is better monitoring
of our drivers, greater education
of our drivers in terms
of well-being, and working
with Transport for London to make
sure that the network is safer.
The Croydon driver is
still being investigated
Richard Westcott, BBC News, Croydon.
Accident and emergency departments
across the UK are already stretched
to their very limits and it's only
the start of winter.
That's the warning from the Royal
College of Emergency Medicine,
which says there's more pressure
than ever on hospitals.
BBC research has found
that the number of patients waiting
more than four hours -
the official target -
has more than doubled in the last
four years across the UK.
Our Health Editor,
Hugh Pym, has this report.
Many hospitals are struggling
to cope with the A&E
workload but this one,
Luton and Dunstable has consistently
hit its four-hour waiting time
target for five years.
So, what's the secret?
It is about getting the whole health
economy involved and that
includes primary care...
A senior consultant told me
it was all about managing patients
as they moved from A&E
into the hospital
and freeing up beds.
We have a team of people
who are dedicated to this
process and serve only this
to get them through the hospital
and the system and back out,
so we can see new arrivals
and new emergencies.
It sounds simple but it's taken this
hospital time and a lot of hard work
and with the right leadership,
to ensure that patients are brought
into the hospital and through it
and then back home again,
as efficiently as possible.
But across the UK, it's been
a lot more challenging.
Over 3 million patients who visited
UK A&Es waited over four hours
in the last 12 months,
according to BBC research.
120% more than four years earlier.
By comparison, the number of visits
has only risen by just over 7%,
to just under 27 million.
Hayley, from South Wales,
endured a lengthy wait for treatment
after fainting and banging her head.
She felt unwell and
was advised to go A&E.
I phoned 111 first,
just for some advice
and they were like -
no, you need to go to A&E.
I headed down.
Waited about an hour.
Then there was a tannoy to say
a seven-hour waiting time.
I got checked over and I
was able to go home.
About five-and-a-half hours,
six hours in total.
Scotland has the best A&E
performance in the UK.
England is behind, followed by Wales
and then Northern Ireland.
The Department of Health covering
England said more money had been
allocated for social care
and the NHS this year.
Are you ready to leave?
Back in Luton they work hard to get
patients home when safe to do so,
freeing up beds for new arrivals,
with senior social care
experts in the hospital
assessing their needs.
For Den they've made sure his home
he has been prepared
so he's ready to go.
All the facilities that
I need for the toilet,
for my mobility and everything
you can think of.
Chair raisers, you name it,
they've provided it and I can't
praise them enough for it.
Local health managers visit
the hospital to discuss whether any
patients who've been admitted
could have been treated
closer to home.
They've prepared for winter.
They know it could be even
tougher than what they have
Hugh Pym BBC News Luton.
The Foreign Secretary,
Boris Johnson, says he will travel
to Iran in the next few
days to urge the release
on humanitarian grounds of dual
are being held there.
They include the British Iranian
mother, Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe,
who has been imprisoned since last
April on charges of trying
to overthrow the regime,
which she denies.
Her husband, who's been
campaigning for her release,
has welcomed the news.
He's been speaking to our
correspondent, Caroline Hawley.
This was Nazanin Zaghari Ratcliffe,
with her daughter, Gabriella,
just a week before her arrest.
She has been behind bars now
for 19 months, held first
in solitary confinement
and now in a communal
cell, accused of spying.
On Sunday she has been told
she will be back in court
to face additional charges
of spreading propaganda.
Boris Johnson has called her case
a mockery of justice but he has been
accused of complicating her ordeal
when he said last month
that he was training journalists
when she was in Iran
with her daughter on holiday.
He had to apologise.
It was my mistake.
I should have been clearer.
I apologise for the distress
and anguish that has been caused
to Mrs Zaghari Ratcliffe
and her family.
This is Gabriella drawing mummy.
She's always got very long hair.
She will normally ask
to see which colour...
Tonight, her husband, Richard,
showed me a picture that Gabriella
drew in the last few days
of her mother.
He's campaigned for the Foreign
Secretary to go to Iran
to push for her release.
I'm not sure he's going to bring her
home on the plane but the fact
of him going there can make
such a big difference.
How is Nazanin and what is
she expecting from the visit?
Emotionally, she feels like she is
at the end of her tether.
She talks about having lost control
of her temper and getting
really angry about tiny things.
Talks about having flashbacks
and worries and clearly not looking
forward at all to the court
case on Sunday.
Family and friends hope to have
the family reunited for Christmas.
Boris Johnson will appeal for her
release on humanitarian grounds.
But Iran and Britain have a fraught
relationship and no-one knows
when Nazanin Zaghari
Ratcliffe will be home.
Caroline Hawley, BBC News.
A British man, whose name
was included on a leaked
registration document for so-called
Islamic State, has been convicted
of terrorism offences.
26-year-old Mohammed Abdallah
from Manchester was found
guilty of IS membership,
possession of a gun and receiving
money for terrorism.
The Old Bailey trial heard how
he travelled to Syria
where the leaked document listed him
as a "specialist sniper".
Several new wildfires have broken
out in Southern California and are
threatening hundreds of properties.
200,000 people have been moved
to safety and more than 1000
firefighters are tackling the blaze.
The governor of California has
declared a state of emergency.
It's the the largest and most
expensive warship ever built
for the Royal Navy and today
the Queen commissioned
HMS Queen Elizabeth
at a ceremony in Portsmouth.
The ship, which won't take part
in military operations until 2021 ,
cost more than £3 billion
and has become the
flagship of the fleet.
Our defence correspondent
Jonathan Beale has more
A day of pride for the Royal Navy
and for the nation.
The Queen has already named her.
Today she made her first visit
on board to commission
HMS Queen Elizabeth into service.
Almost lost in the cavernous hangar,
still waiting for aircraft.
As the daughter, wife
and mother of naval officers,
I recognise the unique
demands our nation asks of you,
and I will always value my special
link with HMS Queen Elizabeth,
her ship's company
and their families.
The raising of the White Ensign
means she's now legally recognised
as a Royal Navy warship.
Over the past few months,
HMS Queen Elizabeth and her 700 crew
have been testing her at sea.
She's the first of two new carriers.
Russia has already described her
as a large convenient target,
but the Government insists
she will be a potent
weapon and symbol of
British military power.
This isn't just the largest warship
ever built for the Royal Navy,
it's also the most expensive,
costing more than £3 billion.
The F-35 jets that will eventually
fly off her will cost billions more
and this at a time when the defence
budget is under severe pressure,
with the prospect of further cuts.
Today the only cuts being made
were to the elaborate cake,
made to mark the occasion,
but the Navy is having to consider
axing other ships in the fleet.
They still believe it's worth it.
We knew this ship was coming
and her sister ship,
Prince of Wales, and the F-35s
they will operate
so we have been on a long,
complicated, but committed journey
to get to this point
and the commissioning of the ship
is a key milestone in that journey.
Work on the ship began
before the youngest crew
member was even born.
But, like the Queen,
she'll be expected to offer
decades of loyal service.
Built for the next 50 years.
Jonathan Beale, BBC
Coventry has been named the next
City of Culture for 2021 -
beating Paisley, Stoke-on-Trent,
Sunderland and Swansea to the title.
The people leading Coventry's bid
say winning will have a huge
economic impact not just on the city
but also on the West Midlands.
Colleen Harris reports.
This is a huge moment for Coventry
tonight. The city's rich heritage
will be under the spotlight for a
year. It's the birthplace of Philip
Larkin the poet. And of the two tone
ska movement. This is its chance to
show the world everything it has to
offer in culture.
And the winner is...
Its rise from ghost town to host
town has been sealed.
It was youth at the heart
of its bid and that clinched
it for Coventry, named tonight
the UK City of Culture 2021.
That's fantastic news for the city.
Such a huge opportunity to make such
a massive difference.
I'm so excited.
All that work we put
in has really paid off.
I'm so happy.
I'm a product of Coventry.
I love the city and I'm
so happy we did it.
Once the celebrations die down then
the hard work will start.
Country will have until 2021
to prepare a host of
events in the city that will help
boost its economy and tourism
and its long-term legacy.
It is 40 million people
within two hours' drive time.
We're looking at visitors of two
and a half million in 2021.
We're going to do something
We're going to give
something special to the UK.
The city was bombed
in the Blitz and was once
the heart of the British car
industry - transformed over
the decades by immigration.
The judges said
it was a city that
constantly reinvented itself.
Now, a £3 million
Heritage Lottery Fund will
kick-start its year
of art and performance.
I think it is about more
investment, I think it's about
retaining people here
after they've done their studies.
I think it's about potential
jobs and employment.
Culture is about a celebration
of our lives and this is just a
fantastic journey now.
As the people of Coventry
have been saying
tonight, you won't be sent
to Coventry, you'll come here