10/01/2018 BBC News at Ten


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10/01/2018

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Tonight at Ten, manufacturing

output in the UK reaches

0:00:050:00:09

its highest level in a decade.

0:00:090:00:12

Official figures for November show

the sector grew for a seventh month

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in a row boosted by the weak pound

and the state of the global economy.

0:00:150:00:20

The global economy is growing.

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We're a small trading nation

and that rising tide is also

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lifting the uk boat.

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But in contrast, the construction

sector saw the biggest fall

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in output for the past five years -

we'll have the details.

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Also tonight:

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After the mudslides in California

at least 15 have died

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but rescuers find some

survivors, including babies.

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We dug down and found a little baby,

I don't know where it came from,

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we dug it out, got the mud out

of its mouth, I hope it's ok

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they took it right ot the hospital.

0:00:520:00:57

A special report from Jordan

where thousands of injured Syrian

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children are facing long

waits for treatment.

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The record number of orphaned seals

found along the Cornish

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coastline over the past few weeks.

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And, the latest production

secrets from the director who

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brought us Wallace and Grommit.

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And coming up on

Sportsday on BBC News.

0:01:220:01:25

The VAR experiment continues.

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Chelsea and Arsenal's EFL Cup

semifinal is the second club match

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in England to use the new system.

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Good evening.

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Manufacturing output in the UK

is growing at its fastest rate

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for a decade after recording

a seventh consecutive month

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of growth in November.

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Performance has been boosted

by the weak pound and by the revived

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state of the global economy.

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But in the same period construction

output fell by the biggest margin

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for the past five years reflecting

the subdued nature of the domestic

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economy, as our economics editor

Kamal Ahmed explains.

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The sound of better economic news,

and the manufacturers

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which are making the goods

a faster-growing world is demanding.

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The weakness in the value

of the pound makes everything

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Britain sells abroad more

competitive, and firms that export

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are taking advantage.

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So this machine actually

is a high-end wire EDM machine...

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Like Brandauer in Birmingham.

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Among other high-tech materials,

it makes the switches for 90%

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of all the kettles in the world,

billions of them.

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Its order books for household

goods, the car sector

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and aerospace are bulging.

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We've always exported a huge

percentage of what we make.

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Currently, that's around 70, 75%.

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Global growth of our customers

and the manufacturing supply chain

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means growth for us.

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Our customers are doing well,

and technology demands

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are ever-increasing,

which means Brandauer,

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as a net result, will do well.

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It's been a ten year roller-coaster

for Britain's makers.

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Manufacturing suffered badly

in the financial crisis and has only

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slowly recovered since.

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But, in the last year,

things have taken a turn

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for the better and output is now

at its highest since April 2008.

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Behind these better figures is a big

economic trend, global growth.

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For the first time since

the financial crisis ten years ago,

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all the economic centres -

the USA, China, Japan

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and the rest of Europe -

are seeing stronger growth,

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and that rising tide

is lifting Britain.

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Confidence is flowing back.

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It's not all good news.

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Construction figures

are poor and there are still

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the problems of falling wages

and the increase in prices.

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Many economists warn that Britain

is not out of the economic woods,

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including a former adviser

to the Chancellor.

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What we've seen in the UK

relative to elsewhere

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is growth relatively stable.

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Now, that is still better than most

predicted at the start of 2017,

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because the Brexit negotiation

was expected to have a more

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dampening impact on growth,

but the global environment has

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actually ended up being much

stronger, and I think that has

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supported UK activity.

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The UK is still the laggard, though.

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Manufacturing is a bright point,

but at just 10% of the UK economy

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it's not everything.

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The strength of Britain overall

will only become clear when the full

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set of figures are published

at the end of the month.

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Many economists believe

they will now be more

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positive than expected.

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Kamal is here with us now.

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Manufacturing is one thing, clearly

an important thing, but there's more

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to the economy?

The economy is a

complex mix of different trends,

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that's why my job is so interesting.

But yes, this global growth story is

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based around very low interest rates

which have met that. They were put

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in place to help the global economy

through the financial crisis,

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meaning consumers and businesses are

borrowing very cheap money, spending

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that and finally, the world is

coming out of the financial crisis

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funk that it's been in for the best

part of a decade which is helping

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Britain. That is only one part of

the British economic story. We know

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that pay squeeze is still with us,

higher prices are affecting the

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price of things like food in the

shops and, of course, there's the

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Brexit negotiations. They're going

to hang over everything about

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economic sentiment this year, how

good they'll be, and tonight, Philip

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Hammond, the Chancellor, has really

tried to kick start those

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negotiations towards whatever the

new free trade deal may be with the

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European Union with a warning at a

dinner in front of business leaders

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in Germany in Berlin where he said

that the EU should start offering

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some solutions, they should stop

talking about punishing the UK, It

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Takes Two to tango, he says. Come on

EU put on the table what you want to

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see happen, trying to kick start on

a very tight timetable. I think in

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Brussels, the response to that will

be some raised eyebrows. Britain

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decided to leave the EU, the EU

didn't decide to leave Britain, you

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broke it, you fix it. I think the

key message all year will be from

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Europe, as we have always been

hearing, Britain cannot have a

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better deal outside the EU than it

had in the EU, we are not going to

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be able to have our cake and eat it.

Thank you very much.

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In Southern California at least 15

have died in the mudslides

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as rescue efforts continue

people still trapped.

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More than 50 people have been

rescued already but many places

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are still inaccessible

with major roads closed.

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For the latest, let's

join our correpondent

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James Cook in Montecito.

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Huw, the latest is that more than a

hundred homes, including ones behind

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me here have been destroyed, more

than 300 have been damaged. That is

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before this entire area's even been

fully surveyed. They are still, they

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say, trying to find survivors, but

much of the focus now is on

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recovering bodies.

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On California's Pacific coast,

ordeal by the elements continues.

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First, they endured the largest fire

in the state's history.

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Next came torrential rain,

more intense than anyone

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here could remember.

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Then, within minutes, destruction,

caused by an unstoppable

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wall of mud and debris.

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14-year-old Lauren Cantin survived,

but even she does not know how.

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Firefighters using rescue

dogs heard her screams

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and worked for hours

to pull her from the

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wreckage of her home.

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Her family's fate is unknown.

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Everyone here, it seems,

has their own incredible story

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of a struggle to survive.

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Once the boulders and trees came

through our house we climbed up

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onto the roof and waited

until the creek went down a bit

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and then we climbed off the roof

and got to our neighbour's garage.

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We just got pulled out

of there by the firefighters now.

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But he's been out

rescuing neighbours.

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We heard a little baby crying.

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We dug down and found a little baby.

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I don't know where it came from.

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We got it out, got

the mud out of its mouth.

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I'm hoping it's OK.

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They took it right to the hospital.

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But it was just a baby, four feet

down in the mud, under the rocks.

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I'm glad we got him.

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There was a young man

that was washed away that

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ended up half a mile away

from here on the freeway,

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and survived that.

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And has recall of actually

being washed through houses

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and under vehicles,

and survived that.

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These coastguard pictures show

the rescue of a family of five.

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First a mother and her newborn baby

are winched to safety.

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Then a little girl

makes it onto the roof.

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Her seven-year-old

brother is saved too.

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Terrifying moments,

but they are the lucky ones.

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How do you describe it?

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It is devastating, what happened.

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The fire created a situation where

the dirt was able to wash down.

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Had we still had all the vegetation

on the hills it would not have been

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as much of an issue.

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We just feel very sorry

for the people who have

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lost their homes and their lives.

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That's Coast Village

Road, Montecito.

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Montecito.

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So why did this happen?

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The downpour soaked an area

which had been scorched by wildfire,

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burning grass and shrubs which hold

the soil in place

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and baking the earth,

leaving it slick and hard.

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The water had nowhere

to go but down, fast,

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into the town of Montecito

with deadly, devastating effect.

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This is one of the most exclusive

communities in the United States,

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home to stars including actor

Rob Lowe and TV presenter

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Ellen DeGeneres.

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But no amount of money

can stop a mudslide.

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There used to be a fence right here.

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That's my neighbour's house.

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Devastated.

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Oprah Winfrey posted this

video as she assessed

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the damage in her garden.

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See how deep the mud is.

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The destruction was not

confined to the coast.

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Further inland in Burbank,

a suburb of Los Angeles,

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the cameras captured another

mudslide in action.

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The power of this mudslide

is graphically demonstrated here.

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The people in these homes,

and there were some people

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who stayed in this area,

it must have been terrifying

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as boulders like this and other

debris swept down from the hills.

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Firefighters insist

there is still some hope

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of finding survivors,

but it is fading.

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The financial cost from this

disaster will be immense.

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The human toll much higher.

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Questions are knew being asked about

whether this community could have

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been better prepared. After the

fires, everybody knew if there was

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heavy rain, then it would cause a

problem, perhaps not as serious as

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this, but a problem nonetheless.

There was an evacuation order given.

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It was not mandatory for this

particular community, perhaps it

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should have been, perhaps people

should have listened, but most of

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all, people are saying here, no-one

expected the ferocity of this

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mudslide which has caused such, such

trauma. Thanks for the update,

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James.

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The trial of the former football

coach, Barry Bennell,

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on charges of child sexual offences

has for the first time heard

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from an alleged victim.

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A man who claims he was sexually

abused as a child has told the court

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that Bennell had what he called

a 'power hold' over young

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boys who dreamt of being

professional players.

0:12:380:12:41

The defendant who's now known

as Richard Jones denies 48 charges

0:12:410:12:45

of child sexual abuse as our sports

editor Dan Roan reports.

0:12:450:12:47

Back in the 1980s, Barry Bennell

worked with some of the most

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promising young footballers

in the north-west of England.

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Youth team coach at Crewe Alexandra.

0:12:540:12:56

He also had links

with Manchester City.

0:12:560:12:58

Today, Liverpool Crown Court

was told the 64-year-old,

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who now calls himself Richard Jones,

exploited young boys' dreams

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of becoming footballers in order

to sexually abuse them.

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With Bennell watching on via video

link, the jury was shown

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footage of the first

complainant's police interview.

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He said he first met Bennell

when he came to a training session

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as a scout for Manchester City.

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Now in his 40s, the alleged victim

said he was abused up to 100 times

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along with other boys by Bennell,

at his home above a shop

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he owned in the Derbyshire

village of Furness Vale.

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He claimed Bennell had up to three

boys share a bed with him.

0:13:320:13:36

The complainant said none dared

speak out for fear of jeopardising

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their football prospects.

0:13:390:13:42

It was almost like an

untold rule, he said.

0:13:420:13:45

It's going to be frank

and open and it will cover

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details of sexual abuse.

0:13:530:13:55

The court was shown a recording

of this BBC programme from November

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2016 featuring other alleged victims

which the complainant said left him

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in complete meltdown,

prompting him to contact police

0:14:030:14:06

for the first time.

0:14:060:14:08

Appearing behind a screen in court,

he was cross-examined

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by Eleanor Laws QC for the defence,

and asked if his complaint

0:14:110:14:13

was financially motivated.

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I am not in it for

the money, he said.

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The court was read transcripts

from Bennell's interview

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with the police, in which he denied

ever abusing the complainant.

0:14:230:14:26

I've had no sexual contact with him.

0:14:260:14:28

He said.

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I remember thinking he was the one

that got away with it.

0:14:290:14:32

He wasn't one of my victims.

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It's impossible.

0:14:340:14:35

The trial continues.

0:14:350:14:36

Dan Roan, BBC News, Liverpool.

0:14:360:14:40

Police in Stockport have found human

remains in a back garden.

0:14:400:14:43

Their search was instigated

when a woman went to police

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at the weekend and told detectives

she'd killed a man.

0:14:460:14:48

Our North of England correspondent,

Judith Moritz, is in Stockport.

0:14:480:14:56

What is being said there this

evening, Judith?

Well, Huw, the

0:14:560:15:02

police tell us on Saturday

afternoon, a 63-year-old woman

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walked into a police station and

confessed to officers that she'd

0:15:050:15:08

killed a man some years ago and

buried him in the garden. That

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sparked a forensic search and last

night, detectives confirmed they

0:15:140:15:17

have found human remains at the

property behind me.

0:15:170:15:21

Now, the BBC understands that the

body recovered is that of a man

0:15:210:15:26

named Kenneth Coombs and that the

woman who went to the police and is

0:15:260:15:30

now being questioned on suspicion of

murder is his daughter Barbara.

0:15:300:15:34

Neighbours have been asked by the

police if they remember Mr Coombs,

0:15:340:15:38

he would have been in his late 80s

in 2005. Detectives say they are

0:15:380:15:43

searching for information, their

investigation is at an early stage

0:15:430:15:46

but that a postmortem examination

should help them to establish how

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and when Mr Coombs died.

0:15:510:15:59

A brief look at some

of the day's other news stories.

0:15:590:16:01

Lawyers representing victims

of the sex attacker John Worboys

0:16:010:16:04

are urging the Parole Board

to ban him from the Greater London

0:16:040:16:06

area when he's freed from prison.

0:16:060:16:09

Agency officials are due to meet

tomorrow to discuss his release,

0:16:090:16:18

but no final decision will be made

on the conditions that he will face.

0:16:180:16:21

Cancer patients at the Churchill

Hospital in Oxford could face delays

0:16:210:16:24

to their treatment due

to a shortage of staff.

0:16:240:16:26

That's the warning from a senior

doctor in a leaked staff memo.

0:16:260:16:30

The hospital trust said

there are no formal plans

0:16:300:16:32

to change cancer treatment.

0:16:320:16:33

The head of Ofgem, the Energy

regulator, has apologised to MPs

0:16:330:16:36

for failing vulnerable consumers.

0:16:360:16:39

He said he regretted not taking

swifter action to cap

0:16:390:16:41

standard variable tariffs.

0:16:410:16:44

He said a new government cap

would "go a long way

0:16:440:16:47

towards fixing the market."

0:16:470:16:50

The former Liberal Democrat leader,

Tim Farron, has said he regrets

0:16:500:16:53

saying that gay sex was not a sin.

0:16:530:16:56

He made the statement

during the 2017 general election

0:16:560:16:58

campaign after which he resigned,

saying he'd found it impossible

0:16:580:17:02

to reconcile the demands of politics

with his Christian faith.

0:17:020:17:05

He says he was "foolish" to allow

himself to be pressured into saying

0:17:050:17:08

something which he didn't

believe was right.

0:17:080:17:14

President Trump has told South Korea

that the US is open to talks

0:17:140:17:17

with North Korea "at the appropriate

time" and "under the

0:17:170:17:19

right circumstances."

0:17:190:17:21

The comments followed yesterday's

negotiations between North

0:17:210:17:24

and South Korea which resulted

in the North saying it would take

0:17:240:17:27

part in the Winter Olympics

in the South next month.

0:17:270:17:31

The White House said South Korea had

thanked Mr Trump for his "leadership

0:17:310:17:34

in making the talks possible."

0:17:340:17:35

Our correspondent, Nick Bryant,

is at the White House.

0:17:350:17:38

Nick, this is quite a change, isn't

it, in the space of a week or 10

0:17:380:17:43

days?

Only last week, Donald Trump

was boasting that his nuclear button

0:17:430:17:47

was bigger than Kim Jong-un's

nuclear button. A few months ago he

0:17:470:17:51

was trashing his Secretary of State,

Rex Tillerson, saying he was wasting

0:17:510:17:56

his time pursuing diplomacy with

Pyongyang. This new openness to talk

0:17:560:18:01

really is a meaningful shift. The

most conciliatory language we have

0:18:010:18:05

heard from Donald Trump on North

Korea since he took the oath of

0:18:050:18:08

office 12 months ago. It follows the

meeting on the Korean peninsula

0:18:080:18:13

yesterday between the North and

South corp row ya. There was good

0:18:130:18:19

energy he shared at the White House

an hour ago. He is claiming credit

0:18:190:18:23

for that for his hardline stance on

North Korea, the tough economic

0:18:230:18:28

sanctions the pressure on China, the

fire and fury rhetoric. The

0:18:280:18:35

digitalised kraber rateling on wit

Twitter. We will see a continuation

0:18:350:18:38

of much of that. Don't be surprised

if Donald Trump mocks Kim Jong-un as

0:18:380:18:46

Little Rock Man. The White House

saying it will ex-cert maximum

0:18:460:18:50

pressure. The question is how North

Korea will respond will it lead to a

0:18:500:18:55

pause in nuclear and missile

testing. If it doesn't it's hard to

0:18:550:19:00

see direct talks taking place

between Washington and pong cong.

0:19:000:19:03

Nick thanks very much. Once again,

Nick Bryant with the latest for us

0:19:030:19:07

there at the White House.

0:19:070:19:12

In Syria, at least 85 people have

been killed in the past ten days

0:19:120:19:19

in a besieged suburb of Damascus,

which is under rebel control.

0:19:190:19:22

The United Nations has condemned

the recent upsurge in attacks

0:19:220:19:24

on Eastern Ghouta by government

forces, calling the situation

0:19:240:19:27

"a human catastrophe."

0:19:270:19:28

The area's been under siege for more

than four-and-a-half years.

0:19:280:19:30

Our chief international

correspondent, Lyse Doucet,

0:19:300:19:31

reports from Syria.

0:19:310:19:33

This report contains some

distressing images.

0:19:330:19:37

The bombs fall every day

now in Eastern Ghouta.

0:19:370:19:40

Rescue teams rush in to

bring survivors out.

0:19:400:19:44

Frightened children, trapped inside,

not knowing where to run or hide.

0:19:440:19:51

This footage, filmed by the western

backed White Helmets,

0:19:510:19:55

in the neighbourhood of Hamoria.

0:19:550:20:01

They are digging in the rubble

with whatever tools they find,

0:20:010:20:04

often it's just bare hands.

0:20:040:20:05

The attacks by Syrian

and Russian warplanes,

0:20:050:20:09

on this last rebel-held enclave

of Damascus, intensified weeks ago,

0:20:090:20:11

scarring entire streets.

0:20:110:20:21

The attacks don't go only one way.

0:20:210:20:23

Rebel groups controlling this area,

including hardline Islamists

0:20:230:20:25

groups linked to Al-Qaeda,

fired more than a dozen

0:20:250:20:29

rockets into the heart

of Damascus yesterday.

0:20:290:20:32

This is the face of a war now

approaching its eighth year.

0:20:320:20:35

This is its sound.

0:20:350:20:39

CRYING

0:20:390:20:43

These children in Eastern Ghouta

have known no other life.

0:20:430:20:46

They survived the latest air

strikes, blood being wiped away,

0:20:460:20:50

not the pain, nor the fear.

0:20:500:20:55

And it stocks the old too,

already broken by years

0:20:550:20:59

of a punishing siege.

0:20:590:21:05

The history of Syria is written

here amongst these stones.

0:21:050:21:09

Three-year-old Samer was buried

yesterday by his uncle,

0:21:090:21:10

his father is badly injured.

0:21:100:21:15

Many now say Syria's war is over.

0:21:150:21:17

But it's not, not yet.

0:21:170:21:18

Lyse Doucet, BBC News, Damascus.

0:21:180:21:26

The children's charity Unicef says

that attacks on hospitals and other

0:21:260:21:29

health facilities have become

commonplace in Syria,

0:21:290:21:31

with less than half of the country's

health facilities operating

0:21:310:21:34

at full capacity.

0:21:340:21:36

They're struggling to cope

with the number of children

0:21:360:21:42

seriously injured in the Syrian

conflict, which is now

0:21:420:21:44

entering its eighth year.

0:21:440:21:45

BBC News at Ten has been

following the story of two young

0:21:450:21:48

girls, Rahaf and Qamar,

who were badly burnt

0:21:480:21:50

when a shell hit their home

in Syria six years ago.

0:21:500:21:53

They've both undergone

operations in Jordan,

0:21:530:21:56

where they now live.

0:21:560:21:58

Our correspondent, Caroline Hawley,

has been back to to Jordan to see

0:21:580:22:03

how they're both getting on.

0:22:030:22:04

Qamar barely remembers the day,

six years ago, that changed

0:22:040:22:07

the course of her life.

0:22:070:22:08

She was only three when a shell hit

the family home in Homs,

0:22:080:22:11

slamming into the children's

bedroom, setting fire

0:22:110:22:13

to Qamar in her bed clothes.

0:22:130:22:17

Qamar's hands were so damaged,

she needed help to feed

0:22:170:22:20

and dress herself.

0:22:200:22:23

She was so distressed

by her appearance, she couldn't

0:22:230:22:25

look in the mirror.

0:22:250:22:31

Her sister, Rahaf, was also badly

burnt and when we first met

0:22:310:22:34

the family, neither of the girls

would go out of the house, but today

0:22:340:22:37

they're on the way to school.

0:22:370:22:39

It's taken immense strength

and courage and countless operations

0:22:390:22:41

to get to where they are now.

0:22:410:22:44

This was the two of them

in Syria before the war.

0:22:440:22:49

When Qamar was four,

we watched as she had surgery

0:22:490:22:52

at a hospital run by the charity

Medecins Sans Frontieres

0:22:520:22:54

in Jordan, where the family

fled to for treatment.

0:22:540:23:00

Two years later, she had

to wear this mask to help

0:23:020:23:05

another skin graft heal.

0:23:050:23:09

These days they spend much more time

at school than in hospital.

0:23:110:23:14

Syrian refugees come

here in the afternoons

0:23:140:23:16

and the girls love it.

0:23:160:23:18

Qamar has had to get used to how

other children react to her.

0:23:430:23:46

Their teacher's worked hard to get

their classmates to accept them.

0:24:020:24:06

She admires Qamar's bravery.

0:24:060:24:08

Her parents worry about the social

stigma their daughters

0:24:330:24:36

will face as they grow up,

that life with their injuries

0:24:360:24:39

will be harder as young women.

0:24:390:24:44

When the children draw for us,

Qamar's first picture

0:24:440:24:47

is of her dream house and then

she draws a mosque.

0:24:470:24:52

But Rahaf has now been discharged

from MSF's hospital,

0:25:050:25:07

the doctors have done what they can.

0:25:070:25:12

Qamar is waiting for more surgery,

but with all the conflict

0:25:120:25:15

around the Middle East,

the hospital is inundated

0:25:150:25:17

with new cases, and the

waiting list is wrong.

0:25:170:25:19

Caroline Hawley, BBC News, Amman.

0:25:190:25:26

Millions of pounds' worth

of jewellery have been

0:25:260:25:28

stolen from the Ritz Hotel

in Paris tonight.

0:25:280:25:31

Armed robbers smashed

the windows of the hotel

0:25:310:25:33

where the jewellery was displayed.

0:25:330:25:39

Three members of the gang

were detained at the scene

0:25:390:25:47

and police say two

remain on the run.

0:25:470:25:49

Conservation charities say they've

been "overwhelmed" by the number

0:25:490:25:51

of stranded seals found along

the Cornish coast over

0:25:510:25:53

the past few weeks.

0:25:530:25:54

Record numbers of sick and abandoned

pups have been discovered

0:25:540:25:57

after a series of winter storms

and high tides.

0:25:570:25:59

Rescue centres say they

are struggling to cope.

0:25:590:26:01

Our correspondent, Jon Kay, reports.

0:26:010:26:03

On a suburban estate...

0:26:030:26:04

OK, shall we get them out?

0:26:040:26:06

..a pop-up seal sanctuary.

0:26:060:26:09

With the local rescue centres full,

these orphaned pups are having to be

0:26:090:26:12

housed in a garage near St Ives.

0:26:120:26:17

Father and son, David and Dan,

are fully trained and caring

0:26:170:26:22

for the seals 24/7.

0:26:220:26:25

Are you struggling to cope then?

0:26:250:26:27

We're at the point

where we really are.

0:26:270:26:31

I mean, this sort of speaks

for itself, really, having

0:26:310:26:34

all of these guys here.

0:26:340:26:35

You know, the rehab centres just

don't have the space to handle this

0:26:350:26:38

many pups in such a short

amount of time.

0:26:380:26:41

Every day, volunteers from the group

are racing to the Cornish coast

0:26:410:26:45

to rescue unprecedented numbers

of sick and starving pups, orphaned

0:26:450:26:49

and injured in winter storms.

0:26:490:26:53

Here's the tube, in

the corner of its mouth.

0:26:530:26:56

Providing emergency food

is the easy bit, finding them

0:26:560:27:00

somewhere to recuperate

is much more difficult.

0:27:000:27:03

They've had nearly 300 call-outs

already this winter.

0:27:030:27:05

I think we've been out 55

times this year so far.

0:27:050:27:09

What, since the 1st January?

0:27:090:27:11

Since the 1st January this year,

we've done 55 calls

0:27:110:27:14

and we've rescued 25.

0:27:140:27:15

The situation we find

ourselves in is completely

0:27:150:27:17

shocking, beyond belief.

0:27:170:27:18

It's not just south-west England,

elsewhere in the UK there have

0:27:180:27:22

been similar increases.

0:27:220:27:25

Don't be fooled by

today's blue skies.

0:27:250:27:27

Why this winter?

0:27:270:27:28

Why's it so bad now?

0:27:280:27:30

Because we've had a succession

of storms, over really high tides,

0:27:300:27:34

flooded all the beaches,

washed all those seal pups

0:27:340:27:37

out without enough food

inside them to survive.

0:27:370:27:43

Here at the Cornish Seal Sanctuary

there are a couple of spaces

0:27:430:27:47

tonight, so Dave and Dan can bring

in two pups from their garage.

0:27:470:27:51

But any more that are found might

have to be taken hundreds of miles

0:27:510:27:54

to other parts of the country

until there is more room.

0:27:540:27:59

Once these pups have recovered,

they'll be sent back into the sea.

0:27:590:28:03

But conservationists say

if we're going to avoid

0:28:030:28:07

an accommodation crisis next winter,

we need to start planning now.

0:28:070:28:09

Jon Kay, BBC News, Cornwall.

0:28:090:28:17

The animation company that gave

the world Wallace and Grommit

0:28:170:28:20

and Shaun the Sheep,

Aardman, and its Oscar-winning

0:28:200:28:23

director, Nick Park,

are about to release a new film,

0:28:230:28:25

a prehistoric comedy

called Early Man.

0:28:250:28:27

It's been five years in the making

and Nick Park has been

0:28:270:28:30

showing our arts editor,

Will Gompertz, exactly how he's

0:28:300:28:33

made his creations come

to life on the big screen.

0:28:330:28:40

The initial idea was, you know,

what if cavemen invented football?

0:28:400:28:45

And, I hadn't seen a prehistoric

underdog sports movie before.

0:28:450:28:51

Come on, everyone.

0:28:510:28:54

Let's show them what we've got.

0:28:540:28:57

This is one of my first sketches.

0:28:570:29:01

I loved sketching all the time,

that's where the characters

0:29:010:29:03

tend to come from.

0:29:030:29:05

And are you thinking as you sketch

in terms of plasticine?

0:29:050:29:08

Yes, I do.

0:29:080:29:13

I sort of think in 3D all the time.

0:29:130:29:15

I'm always drawing as if they have

dimension and I'm thinking about how

0:29:150:29:18

they will interpret...

0:29:180:29:20

How they'll translate into models.

0:29:200:29:21

What strange magic is this?

0:29:210:29:25

We try and prepare for every shot

before the animator starts.

0:29:250:29:31

We do quite often

live-action videos.

0:29:310:29:37

So Nick will act out almost

the entire film in front of camera,

0:29:370:29:40

and we go through that with him,

and that's our starting point.

0:29:400:29:45

We wanted, following Nick's

initial brief, to keep it

0:29:450:29:47

all looking very handmade.

0:29:470:29:50

So all of these sections

are made of plasticine,

0:29:500:29:53

but the mechanics inside are made

of lots of different materials.

0:29:530:29:57

So underneath we have armatures,

which we make all in-house.

0:29:570:30:00

They look something

a little bit like this.

0:30:000:30:03

So we have sort of ball

and socket joints in here

0:30:030:30:06

and hinged joints and rotates,

and then fundamentally

0:30:060:30:08

that's what sort of sits

inside our main characters.

0:30:080:30:10

Just a little bit more!

0:30:100:30:12

There are aspects of it,

are there not, which hark back

0:30:120:30:27

to your earliest days,

back to Wallace and Gromit?

0:30:270:30:29

Yeah, I know.

0:30:290:30:30

I mean, it is.

0:30:300:30:31

It is at the heart of it,

it is these two characters.

0:30:310:30:34

Dug is a caveman and

his pet hog Hognob.

0:30:340:30:36

I set out to try and be a bit

different to Wallace

0:30:360:30:39

and Gromit, but I guess

there is a sort of default.

0:30:390:30:42

You know, I can't help it.

0:30:420:30:43

The eyes are close together

and there is a sort of like a man

0:30:430:30:47

and dog sort of relationship,

I guess.

0:30:470:30:48

I mean, a man and hog in this case.

0:30:480:30:50

It's one thing trying to make it

the film you want to make

0:30:500:30:53

and to stay true to your vision.

0:30:530:30:55

But you're hoping that it also does

work for people out in the audience.

0:30:550:31:02

Newsnight is coming up on BBC Two.

0:31:060:31:08

Here's Emily Maitlis

0:31:080:31:09

Tonight, could a tax on plastic

convince you the Government's

0:31:090:31:12

the party of the environment?

0:31:120:31:13

The Tories are talking green, again.

0:31:130:31:14

Will we buy it?

0:31:140:31:15

Plus, the pictures of

David Bowie you've never seen.

0:31:150:31:18

Join me now on BBC Two.

0:31:180:31:20

That's Newsnight with Emily.

0:31:200:31:22

Here on BBC One, it's time

for the news where you are.

0:31:220:31:24