08/03/2018 BBC News at Ten


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08/03/2018

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Tonight at ten, Wiltshire Police

praise the bravery of an officer

0:00:040:00:07

who went to the aid of the Russian

former spy and his daughter,

0:00:070:00:10

poisoned by a nerve agent.

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Detective Sergeant Nick Bailey

is said to be in a serious

0:00:130:00:16

condition in hospital.

0:00:160:00:20

He's well, he's sat up.

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He's not the Nick that I know,

but of course he's receiving

0:00:210:00:24

a high level of treatment.

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Tonight, the area in Salisbury

where the attack took place

0:00:260:00:29

remains cordoned off.

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But it's still unclear how and why

Sergei Skripal and his daughter

0:00:300:00:34

Yulia were targeted.

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We'll have the latest

reaction from Moscow,

0:00:370:00:39

as the Kremlin continues to deny it

had any involvement

0:00:390:00:41

in the attempted murders.

0:00:410:00:43

Also tonight.

0:00:430:00:45

An Old Bailey jury is shown video

of the moment a bomb partially

0:00:450:00:48

explodes, on a tube train last

September.

0:00:480:00:52

Donald Trump signs off on higher

tariffs for aluminium and steel

0:00:520:00:55

imports, sparking fears

of a global trade war.

0:00:550:00:59

New figures show tens of thousands

of patients had non urgent

0:00:590:01:02

operations cancelled,

as the NHS struggled to cope

0:01:020:01:04

with the winter crisis.

0:01:040:01:07

And the cycling senior citizens,

who are as fit as fiddles.

0:01:070:01:13

And coming up on Sportsday on BBC

News, it's a perfect night

0:01:130:01:16

for Arsenal in the last 16

of the Europa League.

0:01:160:01:19

2-0 they lead AC Milan,

heading into the second leg.

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Good evening.

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Police in Wiltshire have

praised the bravery of one

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of their officers, who went

to the aid of the former Russian spy

0:01:450:01:48

Sergei Skripal and his daughter,

after they were poisoned by a nerve

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agent in Salisbury.

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Detective Sergeant Nick Bailey

is still in a serious

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condition in hospital.

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It's still unclear how

and why Mr Skripal,

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and his 33-year-old daughter,

were targeted last Sunday afternoon.

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Our home affairs correspondent

Tom Symonds reports from Salisbury.

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Detective Sergeant Nick Bailey is 38

years old, a decorated officer

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with plenty of experience

on the front line of policing.

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He's still in a serious condition,

but the good news today

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is he is awake and talking.

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He's a great character.

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He is a huge presence

in Wiltshire Police, a well-loved

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and massively dedicated officer.

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He is clearly receiving high,

specialist treatment.

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He is well, he's sat up.

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He's not the Nick I know,

but he is receiving

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a high level of treatment.

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He's very anxious, he's very

concerned. He did his very best on

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that night. All of our stuff that

attended the incident in Salisbury

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in the Maltings performed the role

that police officers and police

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staff do every day up and down the

country.

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The inquiry's not letting up.

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Police began what appeared

to be a major search

0:03:050:03:07

and possible decontamination

of Sergei Skripal's house today.

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For a while, they even taped off

the graves of his wife and son.

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The use of a nerve agent on UK soil

is a brazen and reckless act. This

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was attempted murder in the most

cruel and public way. People are

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right to want to know who to hold to

account. But if we are to be

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rigorous in this investigation we

must avoid speculation and allow the

0:03:330:03:37

police to carry on their

investigation.

The BBC has been told

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the nerve agent used was not sarin

or VX, which have been used as

0:03:420:03:46

weapons of the past, but rarer.

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Decontamination teams were heavily

protected on Sunday.

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Look at this picture

from earlier that day.

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No respirators or suits.

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These officers could not have known

they were about to deal with the use

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of a chemical weapon in their city.

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The risk they faced became obvious

today, when a bench on which the

0:04:020:04:09

Skripals was sitting was exposed by

a gust of wind. Just look at the

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operation needed to go in and paid

it down again. Four days on from the

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incident and it wasn't just police

officers who risked being exposed

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that afternoon.

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I've spoken to a doctor

who was there.

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She's asked us not to name her

but she says she came

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across Yulia Skripal slumped over

the bench, unconscious,

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not breathing, vomiting

and having a fit.

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She stepped in.

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She got Yulia onto the floor,

she got her breathing

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and handed her patient

over to paramedics.

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She's concerned about what she's

come into contact with,

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but she feels fine.

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Sergei and Yulia Skripal,

attacked as she came to Britain

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from Russia to visit him,

are not getting better.

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They remain in a critical

condition, as the race

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to find their assailant -

or assailants - continues.

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Tom Symonds, BBC News, Salisbury.

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Suggestions that the Kremlin may

have been involved in the poisoning

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have sparked anger in Russia.

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State media has complained

of an anti-Russian campaign

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by the West, with little sympathy

for Sergei Skripal,

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as our Moscow correspondent

Steve Rosenberg reports.

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Moscow feels a world away

from the drama of Salisbury.

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Relaxed Russians are out

enjoying a public holiday,

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determined not to allow a spy

scandal to spoil their day.

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People here are short

on sympathy for Sergei Skripal.

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TRANSLATION:

The fewer secrets

you sell, the longer you'll live.

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TRANSLATION:

Don't

betray your motherland.

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Then you'll have no problems.

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TRANSLATION:

When he was in prison

in Russia, he was healthy.

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He goes to Britain

and gets poisoned.

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He should have stayed here.

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It's a similar message

from Russian TV.

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The Kremlin-controlled media have

been mocking Boris Johnson

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and making fun of Britain.

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If you're a professional traitor,

he says, my advice,

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don't move to England.

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Something's not right there,

the climate, perhaps.

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But too many bad things go

on there - people are hanged,

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poisoned, helicopter crashes

or they fall out of windows.

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Under Vladimir Putin,

the Kremlin has sent a very clear

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message to the Russian people

that their country is a besieged

0:06:180:06:22

fortress, threatened by enemies

abroad and traitors at home.

0:06:220:06:27

That's why there's little sympathy

here for Sergei Skripal.

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And if Moscow did target

Sergei Skripal...

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Most Russian people, not me,

of course, most Russian people

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would take pride in it

because there is a very black

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and white worldview -

it's us against them.

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Putin has brought this

back in a big way.

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Today, the president

delivered a special address.

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No mention of spies.

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He congratulated Russian women

on International Women's Day.

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Moscow knows it's under suspicion

but the Kremlin is acting

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as if it's business as usual.

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Steve Rosenberg, BBC News, Moscow.

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Our security correspondent

Gordon Corera is live outside

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the headquarters of MI6 tonight.

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Are we any closer to understanding

who was behind all this, and why?

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Well, the identity of that rare

nerve agent will still be a crucial

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clue to establishing that.

Government officials are still

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cautious about pointing the finger

publicly. They want to make sure

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they have as many facts as possible

before doing that. But in terms of

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motive, there has been speculation

that perhaps Sergei Skripal was

0:07:420:07:45

still involved in some kind of

active ongoing intelligence work,

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but sources I've spoken to have said

there's no sign or suggestion of

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that will stop there's even been

talk that perhaps he was involved

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somehow in that dossier on Donald

Trump drawn up by a former MI6

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officer, Chris Steele, but sources

close to Orbis, Chris Steele's

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company, say they have no links

whatsoever with Sergei Skripal. So

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what does that leave? Well, dull the

possibility of revenge, revenge by

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Sergei Skripal's former colleagues

in Russian intelligence for his

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works buying for British

intelligence, revenge and perhaps a

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message to anyone else thinking of

doing the same. And that will worry

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MI6 here will stop it will worry

them, because they don't want the

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perception to be out there that they

can't protect the lives of their

0:08:310:08:34

agents, even when those agents are

in the UK.

Gordon Corera outside MI6

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HQ in London.

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A jury at the Old Bailey has been

shown a video of the moment a bomb

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partially exploded on a tube train

in southwest London.

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Some of the passengers have been

describing in court how their hair

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and clothes caught fire

in the packed carriage

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last September.

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30 people were injured

at Parsons Green station.

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Ahmed Hassan, who's 18,

denies attempted murder.

0:08:560:08:58

June Kelly has more.

0:08:580:09:02

The moment when a fireball engulfed

a packed train carriage.

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It left passengers burning

and screaming in pain,

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the Old Bailey heard today.

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This is Ahmed Hassan, the teenager

on trial for the attack.

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Here shopping at Asda the day

before, and being asked for his ID.

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He bought batteries

and screwdrivers.

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Hassan is an 18-year-old asylum

seeker, and the following morning

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CCTV showed him leaving his foster

parents' home in Sunbury, in Surrey.

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Other cameras captured his journey

as he carried a little plastic bag,

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said to contain his bomb.

0:09:410:09:44

At Wimbledon station

he went into the toilets,

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where it's alleged he set the timer

on the device, and then he made

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for an underground train.

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A few stops down the District line,

he got off, leaving his little bag

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and its contents behind.

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As the train pulled

into Parsons Green station,

0:10:000:10:04

the device only partially exploded,

but a number of passengers

0:10:040:10:06

were burned by the fireball.

0:10:060:10:10

This computer-generated graphic

shows the scene on board

0:10:100:10:12

the train after the attack.

0:10:120:10:15

Today, some of those caught up

in the blast described in court how

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the ball of flame rolled

down the carriage.

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Aimee Colville told the jury

that her hair caught fire

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and she saw a wall of glass.

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Victoria Holloway spoke

of a whooshing sound,

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as if someone had lit

a Bunsen burner.

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She said the flames

were touching her legs

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and wrapping around her skin.

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Two of the passengers were in tears

as they gave their evidence.

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They testified from behind

a screen and could be

0:10:450:10:47

seen by only the judge,

jury and lawyers.

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One of them, known only as Miss S,

described how on that

0:10:500:10:54

morning her coat was burning

and her tights were melting.

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She's been left scarred after burns

to her hands, legs and face.

0:10:580:11:03

June Kelly, BBC News,

at the Old Bailey.

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President Trump has signed into law

new tariffs on steel and aluminium

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entering the United States,

prompting fears of

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a global trade war.

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The European Union and China have

already said they'll retaliate,

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and the President's chief economic

advisor has resigned over the issue.

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Mr Trump says the new tariffs

are being imposed for national

0:11:240:11:26

security reasons, and that American

industry has been "ravaged

0:11:260:11:29

by aggressive foreign trade

practices" for far too long.

0:11:290:11:31

Our North America correspondent

Nick Bryant reports.

0:11:310:11:36

History is often written

with a presidential pen,

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and with steelworkers who helped

put him in the White House

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at his shoulder, Donald Trump

added his name to a signature

0:11:430:11:45

campaign promise -

putting American first

0:11:450:11:48

by imposing tariffs on foreign

steel and aluminium.

0:11:480:11:53

APPLAUSE.

0:11:530:11:55

The American steel and

aluminium industry has been

0:11:550:11:58

ravaged by aggressive

foreign trade practices.

0:11:580:12:03

It's really an assault

on our country.

0:12:030:12:07

The workers who poured their souls

into building this great

0:12:070:12:09

nation were betrayed,

but that betrayal is now over.

0:12:090:12:16

Defending America's industrial

heartland has prompted his most

0:12:160:12:19

protectionist move yet,

one that strikes a blow

0:12:190:12:23

against globalisation -

the integrated system of worldwide

0:12:230:12:26

commerce, from which these rust belt

communities feel excluded.

0:12:260:12:30

American steel...

0:12:300:12:31

American steel...

0:12:310:12:32

American steel...

0:12:320:12:33

A promise made, a promise kept.

0:12:330:12:36

Wait till you see what I'm

going to do for steel.

0:12:360:12:40

Now it's time for action.

0:12:400:12:42

It's the glut of steel

produced in China that's

0:12:420:12:45

angered the president,

but that accounts for just 2%

0:12:450:12:47

of US steel imports.

0:12:470:12:49

Bigger importers, such

as Canada and Mexico,

0:12:490:12:51

are initially exempted.

0:12:510:12:54

It's not clear whether

Britain will be punished.

0:12:540:12:56

European Union countries

could be hard-hit.

0:12:560:12:59

President Trump has recently

said, and I quote...

0:12:590:13:03

"Trade wars are good

and easy to win."

0:13:030:13:08

But the truth is quite the opposite.

0:13:080:13:13

Trade war are bad and easy to lose.

0:13:130:13:18

Harley-Davidson, the quintessential

Middle America brand,

0:13:180:13:21

and for that very reason a likely

target for EU retaliation.

0:13:210:13:25

Trump supporters in key battle

ground states, like Wisconsin,

0:13:250:13:28

could be caught in the crossfire.

0:13:280:13:31

A trade war won't benefit anybody.

0:13:310:13:33

I generally believe in free trade.

0:13:330:13:36

I don't think he's serious

about it, regardless.

0:13:360:13:39

I think he's just trying to scare

people into getting some

0:13:390:13:41

concessions, which is how he rolls.

0:13:410:13:44

It's too late to save these

old steel mills in Pennsylvania.

0:13:440:13:51

Many senior Republicans fear

that this act of economic

0:13:510:13:53

nationalism could also be an act

of national self harm.

0:13:530:13:56

Nick Bryant, BBC News, Washington.

0:13:560:14:00

All this on a day when 11 Pacific

rim countries signed a landmark

0:14:000:14:06

trade agreement, the transpacific

partnership which was intended by

0:14:060:14:10

the Obama administration as a

counterweight to China, but which

0:14:100:14:13

the Trump Administration pulled out

of. This feels like a milestone

0:14:130:14:17

moment for the international system

and another example of America

0:14:170:14:22

first, leaving America alone.

Nick Bryant, live in Washington.

0:14:220:14:30

Tens of thousands of patients in

England had their non-urgent

0:14:310:14:35

operations like me and hip

operations postponed in January.

0:14:350:14:40

Figures show AMD departments missed

waiting time targets in their worst

0:14:400:14:43

performance since

0:14:430:14:43

records began.

0:14:430:14:48

Our health editor

Hugh Pym has more.

0:14:480:14:49

New Year brought extraordinary

pressure, illustrated in the new BBC

0:14:490:14:51

hospital series filmed

at Nottingham University

0:14:510:14:53

Hospitals Trust.

0:14:530:14:55

Today we have run out of space.

0:14:550:14:57

We are being asked to cancel any

nonessential activities.

0:14:570:14:59

So not cancer, not clinically

urgent, but pretty

0:14:590:15:01

much anything else.

0:15:010:15:05

I can't see the sense

in cancelling...

0:15:050:15:08

Word has come through from NHS

leaders that all non-urgent surgery

0:15:080:15:10

should be cancelled for the month

to free up beds for emergencies.

0:15:100:15:12

I'm very sorry, but I don't know

if you've heard the recent news,

0:15:120:15:16

but we have a bed crisis

in the hospital.

0:15:160:15:19

We're going to have to cancel

operations at this moment.

0:15:190:15:23

I'm afraid it's bad news.

0:15:230:15:24

We are going to have

to cancel tomorrow.

0:15:240:15:26

I'm really sorry.

0:15:260:15:27

Sometimes that meant operating

theatres were lying empty.

0:15:270:15:30

We don't know when we can start

operating again at the moment.

0:15:300:15:36

We've never had it

as bad as this before.

0:15:360:15:38

We're just left,

largely, at a loose end.

0:15:380:15:40

We're being paid to work,

but just trying to find

0:15:400:15:43

something constructive to do.

0:15:430:15:48

By February operations had resumed.

0:15:480:15:50

But patients elsewhere, like Scott,

are still facing delays.

0:15:500:15:53

He was told the day before his back

operation it had been put off,

0:15:530:15:56

and he doesn't know

when it will happen.

0:15:560:16:01

I'm very, very frustrated.

0:16:010:16:05

I'm annoyed and I'm hurt,

because now I've got to go

0:16:050:16:07

through this all over again.

0:16:070:16:13

In December, there were nearly

27,000 fewer routine

0:16:130:16:15

operations carried out

in England than the same month

0:16:150:16:17

a year earlier.

0:16:170:16:18

In January, after the national

NHS intervention, there

0:16:180:16:20

was a drop of nearly 14,500.

0:16:200:16:25

For the most recent two week

period, bed occupancy

0:16:250:16:27

in hospitals at more than 95%

was the highest this winter.

0:16:270:16:29

Some hospitals though worked hard

to avoid cancelling operations.

0:16:290:16:33

It is a very bad patient

experience to cancel surgery.

0:16:330:16:37

These patients have very often been

waiting for a very long time

0:16:370:16:40

to have their procedure done

and then cancelling it one or two

0:16:400:16:45

days before it's been planned

is a thing that you really

0:16:450:16:47

want to avoid.

0:16:470:16:50

NHS England said February

was the most pressurised month

0:16:500:16:54

in the history of the service,

with high levels of flu -

0:16:540:16:58

the background to another

deterioration in A&E performance.

0:16:580:17:00

Hugh Pym, BBC News.

0:17:000:17:03

And you can see more from that

documentary - Hospital -

0:17:030:17:06

featured in Hugh's report,

on BBC Two at 9:00pm

0:17:060:17:09

on Monday 26th March.

0:17:090:17:16

Ministers in Ireland have

approved a referendum

0:17:160:17:18

bill on whether to amend

the constitution, making it easier

0:17:180:17:20

for women to have abortions.

0:17:200:17:22

The current law gives a mother

and her unborn child

0:17:220:17:24

an equal right to life,

and this has been the basis

0:17:240:17:27

for strict abortion controls.

0:17:270:17:28

The nationwide referendum

will be held in May.

0:17:280:17:31

Our correspondent Chris

Page has been hearing

0:17:310:17:32

the arguments on both sides.

0:17:320:17:40

This is a nation which was once seen

as the most socially

0:17:400:17:42

conservative in western Europe,

but it feels like

0:17:420:17:44

change has been swift.

0:17:440:17:47

In the next few months, Ireland

will make a defining decision.

0:17:480:17:52

Tens of thousands of Irish women

have travelled to other

0:17:520:17:55

countries to have abortions.

0:17:550:18:00

Gaye Edwards' baby,

who she and her husband

0:18:000:18:02

named Joshua, had a fatal

condition called anencephaly.

0:18:020:18:06

She says having to go away

to end her pregnancy

0:18:060:18:08

magnified her grief.

0:18:080:18:10

While I knew that I had come

to the right decision for me,

0:18:100:18:14

it made me feel that society

viewed my decision as

0:18:140:18:17

being somehow wrong.

0:18:170:18:22

When you really need to be taken

care of you feel like you're just...

0:18:220:18:26

Pushed aside and into a corner.

0:18:260:18:30

Stories like Gaye's have helped

to bring about the referendum.

0:18:300:18:34

Voters will decide whether to remove

the Eighth Amendment

0:18:340:18:38

of the Irish Constitution,

which gives an unborn child

0:18:380:18:40

and a pregnant woman

an equal right to life.

0:18:400:18:43

These canvassers are campaigning

to repeal the Eighth.

0:18:430:18:48

Abortions are happening in Ireland,

they're happening dangerously

0:18:480:18:50

and they're happening illegally.

0:18:500:18:53

We're on the shoulders

of generations of women who have

0:18:530:18:55

been organising and working

for this shift forward.

0:18:550:18:59

If the change to the constitution

is approved in the referendum,

0:18:590:19:02

the parliament in Dublin

will determine how available

0:19:020:19:04

terminations will be.

0:19:040:19:08

Ministers want to allow

abortions up to 12 weeks

0:19:080:19:11

into a pregnancy and in some

limited circumstances afterwards.

0:19:110:19:16

But the Government

doesn't have a majority.

0:19:160:19:18

The two main parties

are divided on the issue.

0:19:180:19:20

The Catholic Church is strongly

defending the Eighth Amendment.

0:19:200:19:25

Its power has diminished,

but it certainly hasn't disappeared.

0:19:250:19:28

Life begins at conception and ends

at death and we have

0:19:280:19:32

to protect all life.

0:19:320:19:33

If it's repealed, all the rights

are gone from the baby.

0:19:330:19:38

Women who support the current

law are speaking about

0:19:380:19:40

their experiences too.

0:19:400:19:44

Vicky Wall's daughter, Liandan,

was still-born at 32 weeks.

0:19:440:19:48

She recalls what happened

when a doctor told her he didn't

0:19:480:19:51

expect her baby to live.

0:19:510:19:52

He said that my only option

was to pop to England -

0:19:520:19:56

insinuating an abortion.

0:19:560:19:59

That was never going

to be an option.

0:19:590:20:02

We spent the summer

just being with her.

0:20:020:20:07

The Eighth Amendment

showed to me that not

0:20:070:20:09

only did we value her,

but our country

0:20:090:20:10

valued her like that.

0:20:100:20:12

For people on both sides,

the referendum's about what sort

0:20:120:20:15

of society they want to live in.

0:20:150:20:18

It's a personal,

passionate, emotive debate.

0:20:180:20:20

Chris Page, BBC News, Dublin.

0:20:200:20:25

Millions of women in Spain have gone

on strike in protest

0:20:250:20:28

at gender inequality.

0:20:280:20:31

This was the scene in Madrid

tonight, as they took to the streets

0:20:310:20:34

with the slogan "if we stop,

the world stops".

0:20:340:20:37

Trade unions, who supported the

action on International Women's Day,

0:20:370:20:41

estimate that six million

women took part.

0:20:410:20:43

Cuts to bin collections,

closing libraries and dipping

0:20:440:20:48

into cash reserves are just some

of the ways councils

0:20:480:20:52

in England have been coping

with a squeeze on budgets.

0:20:520:20:55

The National Audit Office says

funding from central government has

0:20:550:20:58

fallen by nearly a half since 2010.

0:20:580:21:00

Many are struggling, in particular

with the growing cost of social

0:21:000:21:03

care, and the NAO is warning that

one in ten could completely run out

0:21:030:21:06

of money within three years.

0:21:060:21:09

Here's Alison Holt.

0:21:090:21:12

Do you want to do

something different?

0:21:120:21:14

An afternoon art class

at the Nexus Day Centre in Surrey

0:21:140:21:17

is a chance for people with learning

disabilities, brain injuries

0:21:170:21:19

and other conditions to develop

their skills and socialise.

0:21:190:21:25

For most here, the support is paid

for by the County Council,

0:21:250:21:30

but today's report says with local

authorities facing such

0:21:300:21:34

major cuts to their money

from central government,

0:21:340:21:35

they are struggling to cope.

0:21:350:21:38

Do you like its legs?

0:21:380:21:39

I think they're lovely!

0:21:390:21:40

I think its legs are brilliant...

0:21:400:21:43

Sue, who has multiple sclerosis,

describes this centre as a lifeline.

0:21:430:21:47

I come here only twice a week.

0:21:470:21:51

I would come more if there

was the funding for it.

0:21:510:21:54

Councils like Surrey

have a statutory duty to provide

0:21:540:21:58

support for people who are older

and disabled as well as providing

0:21:580:22:01

children's services,

and across the board

0:22:010:22:02

demand is increasing.

0:22:020:22:06

Today's report calculates that

on average, councils in England now

0:22:060:22:10

spend 54% of their total budgets

on social care for

0:22:100:22:13

children and adults.

0:22:130:22:15

With money so tight,

many other services have been cut.

0:22:150:22:19

Since 2010, more than 33% fewer

homes get weekly bin collections

0:22:190:22:24

and 10% of libraries have closed.

0:22:240:22:28

The report warns with councils

also using their savings

0:22:280:22:31

to balance the books,

one in ten will have exhausted

0:22:310:22:34

their reserves within three years.

0:22:340:22:36

In Surrey - one of the wealthiest

parts of the country -

0:22:360:22:40

as well as increasing council tax,

they're dipping into

0:22:400:22:42

their savings again.

0:22:420:22:44

It has been really difficult to make

sure we could come in this year

0:22:440:22:49

with a budget that actually had

the minimum level tax level

0:22:490:22:52

increases that we had to do.

0:22:520:22:55

We have had to use £24 million

of our reserves and £15 million

0:22:550:22:58

of our capital receipts.

0:22:580:23:01

Today's report says there needs

to be a long-term central

0:23:010:23:04

government plan for the bins,

roads and other services

0:23:040:23:06

that people need.

0:23:060:23:08

What is it they want

local government to do,

0:23:080:23:11

and fund them for that,

or make funding available

0:23:110:23:13

from whatever sources.

0:23:130:23:14

Alongside that, social care needs

a funding solution as well.

0:23:140:23:18

The Government says a new funding

settlement has been approved

0:23:180:23:21

for councils, and that will mean

a real terms increase

0:23:210:23:23

in the money they get.

0:23:230:23:26

Alison Holt, BBC News, Surrey.

0:23:260:23:31

Nottingham Trent University has said

it's "shocked and appalled"

0:23:310:23:39

after a video was posted

on social media, appearing

0:23:400:23:42

to show a group of people

chanting racist abuse outside

0:23:420:23:44

the room of a black female student.

0:23:440:23:46

Two men were arrested on suspicion

of racially aggravated

0:23:460:23:48

public order offences,

but tonight have been released.

0:23:480:23:50

Here's Elaine Dunkley.

0:23:500:23:51

SHOUTING

0:23:510:23:53

Recorded on a mobile phone

by student Rufaro Chisango...

0:23:530:23:57

CHANTING

0:23:570:23:59

What appears to be racist chanting

outside of her door in halls

0:23:590:24:03

of residence at Nottingham Trent

University.

0:24:030:24:05

I just heard shouting

from outside my door,

0:24:050:24:09

and I was just shocked.

0:24:090:24:12

My initial response

was I was really shocked.

0:24:120:24:14

I felt really isolated

and uncomfortable.

0:24:140:24:17

The incident took place

on Monday evening.

0:24:180:24:21

Her friends say it has left

traumatised and tarnished

0:24:210:24:23

their experience of university life.

0:24:230:24:27

I know these things do

happen, but to think

0:24:270:24:30

it was so close to home,

so close, being in my university.

0:24:300:24:33

Yeah, I was, I was appalled.

0:24:330:24:36

We know some people might not

like the way we are,

0:24:360:24:40

might not like where we come from,

our race, our religion, our creed,

0:24:400:24:44

but it's something that we kind

of just power through,

0:24:440:24:46

just knowing that maybe they don't

like us but we do our best.

0:24:460:24:50

Rufaro Chisango has now been offered

new accommodation and two

0:24:500:24:58

-- on the university said it

accepted an act quickly enough.

0:24:580:25:01

There was a delay, a significant

delay, and we acknowledge that.

0:25:010:25:04

It's vile behaviour,

it's absolutely abhorrent.

0:25:040:25:05

We are really, really shocked.

0:25:050:25:06

This is not the NTU positive culture

for students and staff

0:25:060:25:09

that we all recognise.

0:25:090:25:11

Tonight, Nottingham Trent University

are reassuring students that this

0:25:110:25:13

was an isolated incident.

0:25:130:25:16

But the National Union

of Students say when you look

0:25:160:25:18

at the wider picture,

they receive phone calls every week

0:25:180:25:21

from students who have

been racially abused,

0:25:210:25:23

and the only way to end it is with

zero tolerance on campuses.

0:25:230:25:26

Elaine Dunkley, BBC News.

0:25:260:25:28

Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Mohammed

bin Salman has held talks

0:25:280:25:34

with the Chancellor Philip Hammond,

with both sides hoping

0:25:340:25:37

to agree billions of pounds

of new trade and investment.

0:25:370:25:39

Saudi Arabia's Commerce Secretary

says this is a "moment of great

0:25:390:25:43

opportunity" and he's been

responding to criticism of Riyadh's

0:25:430:25:45

handling of the war in Yemen.

0:25:450:25:47

Our business editor

Simon Jack reports.

0:25:470:25:51

Meeting the Queen, seeing

the Prime Minister, chatting

0:25:510:25:53

with the Archbishop.

0:25:530:25:55

The British establishment rolled out

the red carpet for a man whose face

0:25:550:25:58

seemed to be everywhere:

Mohammed bin Salman,

0:25:580:26:00

Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia.

0:26:000:26:07

But this is no social visit -

his Commerce Minister

0:26:070:26:09

is here to talk business.

0:26:090:26:10

Together, we can do so much

for our own people.

0:26:100:26:13

It will create jobs for our own

people, we will create

0:26:130:26:16

opportunities for our own people,

it will be win-win situation.

0:26:160:26:18

There is an opportunity

that we need to grab.

0:26:180:26:22

And we need to work as one team,

because there is a common objective

0:26:220:26:26

that will be fruitful and beneficial

for both nations.

0:26:260:26:28

Saudi Arabia is the UK's largest

trading partner in the Middle East.

0:26:280:26:32

Arms sales are a big part of that.

0:26:320:26:36

In 2015 to 16, the UK

sold £3.3 billion worth

0:26:360:26:38

of weapons to the kingdom.

0:26:380:26:41

In total, we exported £6.2 billion

worth of goods and services

0:26:410:26:47

to Saudi Arabia in 2016,

while Saudi investments in the UK

0:26:470:26:51

come to over £11 billion.

0:26:510:26:53

Both the UK and Saudi Arabia

are going through big changes.

0:26:530:26:57

For the UK, of course, it's Brexit.

0:26:570:27:01

Saudi Arabia is desperate to try

and wean itself off an oil industry

0:27:010:27:04

which up to now has produced 90%

of its income.

0:27:040:27:07

Some say its modernisation

programme, like allowing women

0:27:070:27:10

to drive, introducing public

entertainment, is an attempt to make

0:27:100:27:14

Saudi Arabia more palatable

to the business friends it so badly

0:27:140:27:17

needs to achieve that.

0:27:170:27:20

But Saudi bombing of targets

in neighbouring Yemen have

0:27:200:27:22

caused widespread outrage,

and for many overshadow any social

0:27:220:27:25

progress Saudi Arabia may have made.

0:27:250:27:29

I don't think that we can be

comfortable selling billions

0:27:290:27:33

of pounds worth of arms

to Saudi Arabia, knowing

0:27:330:27:36

where they are ending up

and the damage and the war crimes

0:27:360:27:39

that are taking place.

0:27:390:27:40

I don't think that the British

people want those

0:27:400:27:42

kind of trade deals.

0:27:420:27:43

Jeremy Corbyn and other

political leaders agree.

0:27:430:27:46

What do you say to those people

who don't want to do

0:27:460:27:49

business with Saudi Arabia?

0:27:490:27:51

I think that our relation,

an historic relation,

0:27:510:27:54

speaks for itself.

0:27:540:28:00

We respect their opposition

but we would like to invite them

0:28:000:28:03

to see and to talk and discuss why

they want to do that.

0:28:030:28:05

But if they want to look

at what business is happening,

0:28:050:28:08

and these opportunities,

I'm sure they will change

0:28:080:28:10

their mind, because action

speaks louder than words.

0:28:100:28:12

This Saudi charm offensive moves

to the US next month.

0:28:120:28:16

According to Saudi Arabia, there is

plenty of opportunity to go around.

0:28:160:28:19

Simon Jack, BBC News.

0:28:190:28:24

Running a marathon or long

distance cycling -

0:28:240:28:29

they shouldn't just be

activities just for the young.

0:28:290:28:31

Researchers have been

following a large group of older

0:28:310:28:33

cyclists, some in their 80s,

who've all remained highly active,

0:28:330:28:36

and the results are surprising,

as our medical correspondent

0:28:360:28:38

Fergus Walsh explains.

0:28:380:28:40

I've arranged a 60-mile ride

through the Surrey hills.

0:28:400:28:44

This is what healthy

ageing looks like.

0:28:440:28:47

These cyclists - aged 64

to 82 - think nothing

0:28:470:28:51

of spending five hours

or more in the saddle.

0:28:510:28:54

Room for one more?

0:28:540:28:55

Yeah, welcome.

0:28:550:28:57

I do it all for reasons for health,

because I enjoy it, because

0:28:570:29:00

it's sociable.

0:29:000:29:02

It's just a wonderful life.

0:29:020:29:04

They have all been examined as part

of a trial which is challenging

0:29:040:29:07

perceptions of ageing.

0:29:070:29:10

One of the first results

I got from the medical

0:29:100:29:15

study was I was told my

body fat was comparable

0:29:150:29:18

to that of a 19-year-old.

0:29:180:29:20

Leading the peleton

is Professor Norman Lazarus - at 82,

0:29:200:29:24

a prime example of healthy ageing.

0:29:240:29:29

If exercise was a pill, everybody

in the world would be taking an

0:29:290:29:32

exercise pill.

0:29:320:29:33

Really good, Norman.

0:29:330:29:35

He not only took part

in the study, but

0:29:350:29:37

helped lead the research.

0:29:370:29:39

This test shows his

excellent lung function.

0:29:390:29:43

Last little bit now, keep pushing.

0:29:430:29:46

An MRI scan gives another indication

of how well Norman is ageing.

0:29:460:29:52

These are his thighs.

0:29:520:29:55

Now compare Norman's muscly leg

on the the right with

0:29:550:29:59

that of a sedentary

50-year-old on left -

0:29:590:30:01

which is mostly fat.

0:30:010:30:04

Ready, push!

0:30:040:30:06

If more of us could do

the recommended 150 minutes

0:30:060:30:12

of moderate physical activity each

week, it would pay huge dividends.

0:30:120:30:16

Across a whole gamut

of different levels,

0:30:160:30:19

what exercise is doing in older

individuals is giving them higher

0:30:190:30:22

levels of function and

better quality of life.

0:30:220:30:26

The most remarkable findings

came when scientists in

0:30:260:30:31

Birmingham examined blood

samples from a cyclist.

0:30:310:30:33

They found their immune

system, which normally

0:30:330:30:36

declines with age, was still

as strong as a young person's.

0:30:360:30:41

The immune system is really key

in the body, it has several roles -

0:30:410:30:46

it protects us from infections,

but it also helps us

0:30:460:30:48

to find things like cancer.

0:30:480:30:50

So the fact these

cyclists have the immune

0:30:500:30:53

system of a 20-year-old and not a 70

or 80-year-old, means they're

0:30:530:30:56

protected from infections

and from cancer potentially.

0:30:560:30:59

The advantages then of exercise

in later life are profound.

0:30:590:31:07

So if cycling's not your thing,

try another sport,

0:31:070:31:10

or what about dancing,

gardening, even brisk walking.

0:31:100:31:12

Most of the health benefits of these

sup-agers are easily

0:31:120:31:14

achievable if we just did a bit

more physical activity.

0:31:140:31:21

Fergus Walsh, BBC News, Surrey.

0:31:210:31:28

While we've been on air,

President Trump has said

0:31:280:31:31

South Korea will make,

what he's calling,

0:31:310:31:34

a 'huge' announcement

on North Korea at midnight.

0:31:340:31:37

Seoul has sent a delegation

to Washington, following reports

0:31:370:31:40

that the North Korean leader

could be open to halting

0:31:400:31:43

his nuclear programme.

0:31:430:31:46

They'll be more on that

on the BBC News Channel but from us

0:31:460:31:50