12/03/2018 BBC News at Ten


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12/03/2018

The latest national and international news, with reports from BBC correspondents worldwide.


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It is now clear that Mr Skripal

and his daughter were poisoned

0:00:060:00:08

with a military grade nerve agent

of a type developed by Russia.

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The Prime Minister points the finger

at Moscow saying it's highly

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likely it was behind

the attack in Salisbury.

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Tonight a supermarket car park

in Salisbury is sealed off

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as hundreds of police continue

to investigate the attack

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eight days ago.

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Sergei and Yulia Skripal

are still critically ill -

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the Russian ambassador has been told

to explain by tomorrow

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what happened.

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President Putin, BBC News...

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In Russia, President Putin brushes

off questions about the attack -

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as Moscow accuses the British

of making up fairy tales.

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We will have the latest on the

investigation and...

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We'll be looking

at what happens next.

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Also tonight....

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A teenager is jailed for carrying

out a string of acid

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attacks on moped riders -

to steal their scooters.

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Tributes to Ken Dodd -

the last of the great

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Music Hall variety comedians -

who has died at the age of 90.

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This river in Greater Manchester

found to have the highest levels

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of microplastic pollution so far

recorded anywhere in the world.

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Sky's football pundit

Jamie Carragher is suspended

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after he spits at a teenage girl

and her family.

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And a "master of elegance" -

Hubert de Givenchy -

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the man who dressed Audrey Hepburn

and Jackie Kenedy - has died.

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Coming up on Sportsday later

in the hour on BBC News,

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will it be another step closer

to the Premier League title

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for Manchester City?

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They made a good

start against Stoke.

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Good evening.

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The Prime Minister has pointed

the finger at Russia tonight, saying

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it's highly likely it was behind

the attack in Salisbury on a former

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Russian spy and his daughter.

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In a dramatic statement,

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Theresa May revealed that Sergei

and Yulia Skripal were poisoned

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by a military grade nerve agent

of a type developed by Russia.

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Russia's ambassador has been

summoned and told to explain -

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by tomorrow night - what happened.

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The Prime Minister said if there's

no credible response,

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the Government will conclude

it was an unlawful use of force

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by the Russian State against the UK.

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And she said there

would be consequences.

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Here's our political

editor Laura Kuenssberg.

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Who was responsible? Who brought a

chemical attack to quite British

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soil?

The Prime Minister was ready

to lay the blame. It is now clear

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that Mr Skripal and his daughter

were poisoned with a military grade

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nerve agent of a type developed by

Russia. This is part of a group of

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nerve agents known as Novichok.

Either this was a direct act by the

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Russian state against our country or

the Russian government lost control

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of its potentially catastrophically

damaging nerve agent and allowed it

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to get into the hands of others.

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But what would she be ready to do?

Should there be no credible

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response, we will conclude that this

action amounts to an unlawful use of

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force by the Russian state against

the United Kingdom. Mr Speaker, this

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attempted murder using weapons grade

nerve agent in a British town was

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not just a crime against the

Skripals. It was an indiscriminate

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and reckless act against the United

Kingdom, putting the lives of

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innocent civilians at risk and we

will not tolerate such a brazen

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attempt to murder innocent civilians

our soil.

The Russian ambassador

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summoned to the Foreign Office for

an explanation and handed an

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ultimatum to respond by midnight

tomorrow. Not much chance of

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consensus between red and blue at

home.

We need to continue seeking a

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robust dialogue with Russia on all

the issues currently dividing our

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countries, both domestic and

international. Rather than simply

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cutting off contact and letting the

divisions get worse and potentially,

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even more dangerous.

A serious

moment on both sides though.

I hope

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the whole House will be able to come

together behind a

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firm response form the government in

the interests of our national

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security and public safety.

This, if

not an act of war, was certainly a

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wart like act by the Russian

Federation. Can Downing Street push

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the powerful Kremlin? There will be

more expulsions. She has taught this

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about being an unlawful act about

should bring in Nato and we should

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be consulting Nato allies and I hope

that is going on now, because

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anything we do will be more

effective if there can be a broader

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solidarity behind us.

The Skripals

still in critical condition, their

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personal plight now a grave

diplomatic fight.

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In the last hour, Theresa May has

spoken to Emmanuel Macron. Amber

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Rudd will share another meeting of

the emergency committee at 11:30am

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tomorrow. The Prime Minister's

response today was strong in its

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tone and strong in its words. If by

midnight tomorrow, the Russians have

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not come back with a credible answer

to what really went on in Salisbury,

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the test will not be the strength or

nature of the pro-Minister's words,

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but the strength and credibility of

the actions she actually decides to

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take. -- Prime Minister.

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Sergei and Yulia Skripal

were poisoned with a rare kind

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of nerve agent called Novichok.

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But what is it and where

has it come from?

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Our security correspondent

Gordon Corera joins us now.

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Gordon. The Prime Minister was

remarkably specific about the

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identity of that nerve agent that

had been discovered in Salisbury.

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What do we know about it? Why was

she so specific and why is it

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thought that it points to Russia?

Samples from the scene in Salisbury

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were analysed at the Porton Down

laboratory. The tests determined

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that it came from a rare class of

nerve agents known as Novichok.

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Novichok are identifiable and new

and deadly poison.

The use of them

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in the UK is sending a strong

message and it is therefore very

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surprising that they are being used.

Novichoks are a class of agents

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developed during the Cold War in the

1970s and 1980s, they can be eight

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times more toxic than other agents

like VX. They were designed to be

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hard to detect and to get through

defences like chemical protection

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suits. The crucial thing is that

these agents were only developed by

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Russia. Novichoks were top-secret,

but an insider revealed details of

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the programme at the end of the Cold

War. Now, living in America, he told

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the BBC tonight why he spoke out.

I

thought that I was involved in a

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criminal enterprise. I came to the

conclusion that chemical weapons are

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not normal weapons against the

armies, the troops of enemies.

The

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identification of Novichoks meant

the Prime Minister could say that

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either the Russian state itself

deployed that nerve agent in

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Salisbury, or it somehow lost

control of its stocks.

I would have

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thought it was highly unlikely and I

am sure there are other super

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weapons and some of them we have

seen recently, Vladimir Putin has

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demonstrated his tactical missile

and others and I would have thought

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these are under very strict control

and I am sure no rogue elements in

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Russia are making a fast buck by

selling them.

Tonight, police

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searches by traces of nerve agent

are still ongoing. Russia should

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have declared its secret programme

and the Prime Minister today said it

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must now disclose its lead to the

international community. Some

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questions were answered today, but

we still do not know exactly how the

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nerve agent was delivered to the

Skripals and there is another

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question,

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why did Russia use a nerve agent

which could so easily be traced back

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to its own programme? Thank you.

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Let's go to Salisbury now,

where hundreds of police officers

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and army experts who've been drafted

in are continuing to investigate

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what happened and deal

with the aftermath of the attack.

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Our correspondent Daniel

Sandford is there -

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and there's still a big police

operation in place?

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Yes, there is no sign of letting up.

This is an enormous operation

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involving chemical warfare trips,

counter-terrorism officers and

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specialist ambulance crews who have

been working at a Sainsbury's car

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park. A lot of what is visible to

the public is painstaking

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decontamination work and removal of

vehicles for further decontamination

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at that chemical warfare

establishment at Porton Down. There

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is a lot of forensic work going on,

particularly at the home of Sergei

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Skripal. It remains a focus of the

investigation but counter-terrorism

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officers have made no appeal to the

public for information

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public for information since

Wednesday, they have released no

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images of suspects and in fact they

have given very few details about

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how much progress they have made

towards identifying the individuals

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involved in attacking Sergei and

Yulia Skripal. They have been going

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about their business stalker here,

the residence, but there is a sense

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that they should have been given

better public health information

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following the attack.

Thank you.

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Moscow was quick to respond

to the Prime Minister's speech,

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with the Russian Foreign Ministry

calling her statement "a fairy

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tale" and a "circus show

in the British Parliament".

0:10:320:10:34

Our Moscow Correspondent Steve

Rosenberg is in Krasnodar

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in southern Russia,

where President Putin is on a visit.

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Steve.

Before today, Vladimir Putin

had not commented publicly on events

0:10:430:10:51

in Salisbury. He came here today to

do some election campaigning and we

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came as well to see if he would say

anything at all about the attack

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that Britain is blaming on Russia.

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Getting close enough

to Vladimir Putin to ask

0:11:030:11:05

a question isn't easy.

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But we were with the Kremlin leader

when you visited Russia's national

0:11:060:11:12

But we were with the Kremlin leader

when he visited Russia's national

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grain centre.

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He wanted to talk about record

harvests but we wanted

0:11:160:11:18

to know if Moscow had

targeted Britain.

0:11:180:11:20

President Putin, BBC News.

0:11:200:11:21

Is Russia behind the poisoning

of Sergei Skripal?

0:11:210:11:27

TRANSLATION:

We're busy

with agriculture here.

0:11:270:11:29

To create good

conditions for people's

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lives.

0:11:300:11:32

And you talk to me

about some tragedies?

0:11:320:11:34

First work out what actually

happened there and then

0:11:340:11:36

we'll talk about it.

0:11:360:11:38

But when the British

government announced it had

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worked out which country had

attacked the Skripals, Moscow was

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in no mood to listen.

0:11:460:11:47

Tonight Russia described

0:11:470:11:48

Theresa May's Commons statement

as a

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circus show and it dismissed

accusations against Moscow as an

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informational political campaign

based on provocation, a fairy tale.

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Meanwhile, Russian state TV has been

pointing the finger back at Britain.

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The news bulletins suggested

that the UK had poisoned the former

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double agent.

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Only the British stood

to benefit, he says.

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It feeds the Russa phobia.

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Security experts, though,

believe the trail leads to

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Moscow and to the Kremlin.

0:12:280:12:31

I haven't got the sense, frankly,

that operations of this magnitude,

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something that you know it's

going to have a major

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geopolitical impact,

can go ahead without being signed

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off from the very top.

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Now whether that actively

means a plan being

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spelt out to Putin, and him saying,

yes, go for it, or something

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a little bit more lightweight.

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Nonetheless this is not

something that came from

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anything other than

the top of the system.

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This weekend Russians are expected

to re-elect Vladimir Putin

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as their president.

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A new term that is set

to be marked by a new

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confrontation with the West.

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Steve Rosenberg,

BBC News, Krasnodar.

0:13:030:13:09

And our Diplomatic Correspondent

James Landale joins me.

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Russia's ambassador was told that he

had until tomorrow night to explain

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what happened and if he doesn't,

what then?

If there is no

0:13:190:13:24

satisfactory answer, I would expect

the expulsion of some diplomats,

0:13:240:13:28

four were kicked out after the case

of Alexander Litvinenko. We should

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expect a lot more than that. We

should see the government is

0:13:310:13:36

cracking down on wealthy Russians in

London, travel bans, financial

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restrictions and also tougher laws

potentially that would seize the

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assets of those Russians guilty of

human rights abuses. Other

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responses, targeting the Russian

state broadcaster, potentially do

0:13:480:13:54

playing more troops to the eastern

flank in Nato, conducting even

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offensive cyber operations against

Russia. None of this has been ruled

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out. The interesting question is the

International site, a lot of

0:14:010:14:06

diplomacy is going on to trying get

support for this and the problem is

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that the bar is high. The Russians

have a BTO at the United Nations and

0:14:100:14:14

the Europeans are reluctant to

toughen sanctions and the US is

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saying, we are supporting new but

refusing to criticise the Russians.

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There are a lot of options, the test

will be whether it is enough to have

0:14:220:14:27

an impact on the Kremlin.

James

Landale, thank you.

0:14:270:14:33

A 17-year-old has been sentenced

to ten and a half years in jail

0:14:330:14:36

for carrying out a series of acid

attacks on moped riders

0:14:360:14:39

in London last July.

0:14:390:14:40

Derryck John, from Croydon,

sprayed six people with acid

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in the space of an hour and a half.

0:14:420:14:44

He stole two mopeds and attempted

to take another four.

0:14:440:14:46

The judge described his

crimes as 'despicable'.

0:14:460:14:48

Tom Burridge reports.

0:14:480:14:49

He'd thrown acid into

the face of six men.

0:14:490:14:52

But here's Derryck John calmly

paying for petrol that night.

0:14:520:14:57

He was linked to the stolen

moped, but the person

0:14:570:15:00

seen here driving him around

still hasn't been identified.

0:15:000:15:06

When Derryck John drove a stolen

bike himself later on, this -

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an accident which linked him

to a string of violent acid attacks.

0:15:090:15:14

Where's it hurting,

mate, you all right?

0:15:140:15:17

This victim says his face felt

like it was on fire.

0:15:170:15:21

Attacked by Derryck John

while delivering takeways,

0:15:210:15:23

Jabed Hussain is still suffering

today.

0:15:230:15:27

I have to keep my eyes everywhere.

0:15:270:15:28

Even I don't trust in the street.

0:15:280:15:30

If anyone shouts next

to me, I get scared.

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If I want to go out, I always

lock my car doors and windows.

0:15:320:15:37

I used to be busy myself,

I'm a working class guy.

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After the incident,

I am totally different.

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I can't believe myself that

I am stuck and alone.

0:15:440:15:48

Today, the 17-year-old was sentenced

to ten and a half years in jail.

0:15:480:15:51

The judge said an adult would have

gone to prison for much longer.

0:15:510:15:57

We're very pleased with

the sentencing Mr John has received,

0:15:570:16:00

We think it does send a strong

message that even as a youth

0:16:000:16:03

offender, a ten-year plus sentence

still sends a strong message

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that this will not be tolerated.

0:16:050:16:08

The same judge sentenced

Arthur Collins, seen here throwing

0:16:080:16:10

acid across a crowded dance floor,

to 20 years in prison.

0:16:100:16:13

It was one of 400 acid attacks

in England and Wales in the

0:16:130:16:16

first six months of last year.

0:16:160:16:17

Even those under 18

who are caught, like

0:16:170:16:19

Derryck John, are likely to spend

several years in prison.

0:16:190:16:22

Tom Burridge, BBC News.

0:16:220:16:24

The Leader of the House of Commons

has recommended a "short,

0:16:350:16:37

independently led" inquiry

into claims of bullying

0:16:370:16:42

of parliamentary staff.

It follows allegations against

0:16:420:16:44

the Commons Speaker John Bercow

and two MPs after an investigation

0:16:440:16:47

by the BBC's Newsnight programme.

0:16:470:16:48

All three strongly

deny the allegations.

0:16:480:16:56

Tributes have been paid to Sir Ken

Dodd, one of the most popular

0:16:570:17:03

entertainers of our time, who has

died at the age of 90. During a

0:17:030:17:07

career which spanned more than 60

years, he brought laughter to

0:17:070:17:10

millions of fans. Sir Ken died

yesterday in Liverpool in the house

0:17:100:17:13

where he was born. His partner of 40

years was by his side. They got

0:17:130:17:18

married last Friday. David Sillito

looks back at his life.

0:17:180:17:24

I always say writing jokes

for Ken Dodd was almost

0:17:240:17:26

like being asked to mix the paints

for Van Gogh.

0:17:260:17:29

It was that big an honour.

0:17:290:17:30

Geronimo!

0:17:300:17:31

A little old lady

went to the doctor.

0:17:310:17:33

She said, "Doctor!

0:17:330:17:34

Can I have some more sleeping

pills for my husband?"

0:17:340:17:37

"Why?"

0:17:370:17:38

She said, "He's woke up."

0:17:380:17:42

# Happiness...

0:17:420:17:43

Ken Dodd.

0:17:430:17:44

His shows could last

into the early hours.

0:17:440:17:48

He was a joke machine,

and there were thousands.

0:17:480:17:50

I haven't spoken to my

mother-in-law for 18 months.

0:17:500:17:53

I don't like to interrupt her.

0:17:530:17:54

Did you hear about the shrimp that

went to the prawn cocktail party?

0:17:540:18:01

He pulled a mussel!

0:18:010:18:08

It turns out that if you bang two

halves of a horse together,

0:18:080:18:11

it doesn't make the

sound of a coconut!

0:18:110:18:13

Intensely private,

but in public, unstoppable.

0:18:130:18:14

I think there's a show

business Ken Dodd and there

0:18:140:18:17

is a thinking Ken Dodd.

0:18:170:18:18

And hopefully, there's

an amusing Ken Dodd.

0:18:180:18:23

I hope so, anyway.

0:18:230:18:28

She said, do you know

what an erogenous zone is?

0:18:280:18:31

I said, I know you can't park there.

0:18:310:18:33

Ladies and gentlemen,

please welcome Ken Dodd!

0:18:330:18:38

When he walked on, the place used

to go up and he hadn't

0:18:380:18:42

even said anything yet.

0:18:420:18:45

Now, that doesn't happen very often.

0:18:450:18:50

How tickled we were.

0:18:500:18:51

How tickled we are.

0:18:510:18:52

He would fire the gags out

at you like a machine-gun.

0:18:520:18:56

In 1955, he was at

the top of the charts.

0:18:560:18:59

Only the Beatles outsold him.

0:18:590:19:06

We call it "hur" in Liverpool,

Judy with the "fur hur".

0:19:140:19:18

# Tears for souvenirs...

0:19:180:19:23

And home was the house he was born

in in Knotty Ash in Liverpool,

0:19:230:19:26

and where he finally

married his partner Ann

0:19:260:19:28

just three days ago.

0:19:280:19:29

I have been overwhelmed by love

and affection which I have already

0:19:290:19:32

received from dear friends

and the public.

0:19:320:19:34

I thank you all for being here.

0:19:340:19:36

He also famously had his troubles

with the Inland Revenue.

0:19:360:19:38

He was eventually acquitted.

0:19:380:19:39

The job I fancy is Chancellor

of the Exchequer -

0:19:390:19:41

at least I'd be reunited

with my money!

0:19:410:19:43

Ken Dodd - one of our last links

to the world of music hall.

0:19:430:19:47

An era really has come to an end.

0:19:470:19:54

Sir Ken Dodd, who's

died at the age of 90.

0:19:540:19:59

Plastic and the problems it causes

in oceans and rivers around

0:19:590:20:03

the world are already well known.

0:20:030:20:06

But what's not so clear is how much

damage microplastics are doing -

0:20:060:20:09

the tiny particles of plastic less

than five millimetres in size.

0:20:090:20:14

They can be found in all kinds

of things from industrial

0:20:140:20:16

pollution to cosmetics.

0:20:160:20:17

And now researchers have discovered

that a river in Greater Manchester

0:20:170:20:21

has the highest levels

of microplastic pollution so far

0:20:210:20:23

recorded anywhere in the world.

0:20:230:20:27

Our science correspondent

Victoria Gill reports.

0:20:270:20:33

All along this river bank you can

see evidence of plastic litter,

0:20:330:20:37

plastic bags, plastic

bottles, food containers.

0:20:370:20:39

But it's when things like this break

down into much smaller fragments

0:20:390:20:46

that they're just one source

of the microplastics that

0:20:460:20:48

end up in the riverbed.

0:20:480:20:50

To find out just how

much microplastic flows

0:20:500:20:58

into our rivers from litter,

waste water and industry,

0:21:000:21:02

scientists need to take a piece

of the riverbed back to the lab.

0:21:020:21:05

All the mud and silt and clay

and the microplastic particles

0:21:050:21:08

will come into the water.

0:21:080:21:10

The team analysed silt at 40

different locations,

0:21:100:21:12

from remote rural streams

to city centre waterways.

0:21:120:21:16

They found microplastic everywhere.

0:21:160:21:20

Where lots of people live,

we found extraordinarily high levels

0:21:200:21:22

of microplastic contamination.

0:21:220:21:28

Just a few kilometres upstream

from here, we found microplastic

0:21:280:21:30

concentrations that are the highest

so far recorded anywhere

0:21:300:21:32

in the world, over 500,000

microplastic particles per metre

0:21:320:21:34

square of riverbed, enormously high

levels of contamination.

0:21:340:21:36

And that is just a few miles

upstream from where we're standing

0:21:360:21:39

in Greater Manchester?

0:21:390:21:40

Yes.

0:21:400:21:45

This is a jar of sediment

from the bed of this river,

0:21:450:21:48

a typical suburban stretch

of the River Mersey.

0:21:480:21:51

And in this 250g jar,

there will be 5,000 individual

0:21:510:21:53

pieces of microplastic.

0:21:530:21:57

Aquatic insects, birds

and fish can ingest these

0:21:570:22:00

microscopic pieces of plastic.

0:22:000:22:03

And this is where the

problem becomes visible.

0:22:030:22:05

This is all plastic?

0:22:050:22:12

Yes, indeed.

0:22:120:22:14

How many fragments

would you have in this?

0:22:140:22:17

So in this sample just

from a few grams, about 100

0:22:170:22:19

microplastic pieces.

0:22:190:22:20

Over here, we've got

a couple of microbeads,

0:22:200:22:22

a bright pink one and a yellow one.

0:22:220:22:27

Finding the source of this problem

will be scientists' next step

0:22:270:22:29

to stop our riverbeds becoming

an invisible dumping ground

0:22:290:22:31

for billions of pieces of plastic.

0:22:310:22:33

Victoria Gill, BBC News.

0:22:330:22:41

The BBC has accused Iran

of collectively punishing

0:22:410:22:43

its Persian Service journalists

for reporting on the country's

0:22:430:22:45

affairs.

0:22:450:22:49

In an unprecedented move,

the BBC has launched an appeal

0:22:490:22:52

to the UN Human Rights Council,

demanding that its employees'

0:22:520:22:55

rights be protected.

0:22:550:22:57

More than 20 Persian Service staff

and their families have had death

0:22:570:23:00

threats and some of their relatives

have been harassed.

0:23:000:23:04

James Robbins is at

the UN in Geneva.

0:23:040:23:06

James, what's the BBC hoping

to achieve by this?

0:23:060:23:12

This is happening because the

Iranian authorities have been

0:23:120:23:17

hostile to the BBC Persian

television service ever since it was

0:23:170:23:22

launched in 2009. They accuse it of

spreading false propaganda in Iran,

0:23:220:23:27

designed to encourage those who want

to bring down the entire Iranian

0:23:270:23:30

government system. We only know that

because the Iranians, provoked, I

0:23:300:23:37

think, by the BBC going to the UN

today, have come out for the first

0:23:370:23:41

time with a detailed response to the

BBC's complaints about the treatment

0:23:410:23:45

of its staff. The fact is that Tony

Hall, the director-general, thought

0:23:450:23:49

he was making no progress with the

Iranians in trying to write to them

0:23:490:23:53

and get a response. They were not

coming back to him with anything and

0:23:530:23:57

he said it was necessary to bring

this all out into the open in the

0:23:570:24:00

hope that perhaps the Iranians would

now take serious note now that the

0:24:000:24:03

UN is involved.

James Robbins, thank

you.

0:24:030:24:07

Sky has suspended the football

pundit, Jamie Carragher,

0:24:070:24:09

after footage emerged of him

spitting through a car

0:24:090:24:11

at a teenage girl and her father.

0:24:110:24:13

The former England and Liverpool

footballer described it as a "moment

0:24:130:24:15

of madness" after he was goaded.

0:24:150:24:23

Andy Swiss's report contains

some flashing images.

0:24:240:24:25

Jamie Carragher there, look!

0:24:250:24:26

He is one of football's

most famous pundits,

0:24:260:24:28

but after being spotted by a fan

on Sunday, Jamie Carragher winds

0:24:280:24:31

down his window and this happens.

0:24:310:24:32

Unlucky, Jamie, lad.

0:24:320:24:33

2-1, lad!

0:24:330:24:34

He spat on me.

0:24:340:24:38

"He spat on me" -

the voice of the driver's

0:24:380:24:40

14-year-old daughter.

0:24:400:24:42

Jamie Carragher spat

on my daughter, nice.

0:24:420:24:47

Carragher, who'd just watched his

former club Liverpool lose,

0:24:470:24:49

said he'd been goaded

and lost his rag.

0:24:490:24:51

Have you been sacked?

0:24:510:24:55

But this morning, he arrived

in London to be told he'd been

0:24:550:24:58

suspended from his job

with Sky Sports.

0:24:580:25:00

Carragher, who has a 14-year-old

daughter himself, admitted his

0:25:000:25:02

behaviour was unacceptable.

0:25:020:25:04

It looks awful and I accept that.

0:25:040:25:08

It's not something I've done before,

it's not something I will do again.

0:25:080:25:13

I'm sure of that.

0:25:130:25:15

I've had a moment of madness,

a really big, huge mistake,

0:25:150:25:20

a stain on my character.

0:25:200:25:24

I have to accept that.

0:25:240:25:25

I have let my family down,

but I think the family I've let down

0:25:250:25:28

more than anyone is the people

in the car.

0:25:280:25:32

Well, what Jamie Carragher did

on his way home from the match

0:25:320:25:35

here at Old Trafford has been

strongly condemned by his employers.

0:25:350:25:37

In a statement, Sky said his

behaviour fell well below

0:25:370:25:40

the standards they expect.

0:25:400:25:41

The question now is

whether his apology will be

0:25:410:25:44

enough to save his job.

0:25:440:25:47

Before this, Carragher had proved

a success in the Sky studios.

0:25:470:25:51

His transition to tough-talking

pundit from tough-tackling

0:25:510:25:53

player had seemed seamless,

but after retiring on the pitch,

0:25:530:25:55

his new career could yet

face an early farewell.

0:25:550:26:01

Andy Swiss, BBC News.

0:26:010:26:09

The cost of getting the civil

service ready for Brexit is running

0:26:100:26:14

into billions of pounds.

0:26:140:26:15

Thousands of extra civil servants

are being employed to cope

0:26:150:26:23

with the challenges.

0:26:230:26:24

New research suggests that

in some key government

0:26:240:26:26

departments, six years

of austerity cuts have been

0:26:260:26:28

reversed, less than two years since

the Brexit referendum took place.

0:26:280:26:31

The cost of getting the civil

service ready for Brexit runs

0:26:310:26:33

into billions of pounds.

0:26:330:26:34

Chris Morris from our

Reality Check team explains.

0:26:340:26:36

At the time of the EU referendum

after years of austerity,

0:26:360:26:39

the size of the civil

service here in Westminster

0:26:390:26:41

was at its smallest since

the Second World War,

0:26:410:26:43

and 20% smaller than it was

when the coalition government

0:26:430:26:45

took office in 2010.

0:26:450:26:47

But now, in key departments

dealing with Brexit,

0:26:470:26:48

those staff reductions have

largely been reversed.

0:26:480:26:50

Two new departments have been

created since the referendum,

0:26:500:26:52

the Department for International

Trade

0:26:520:26:53

and the Department for Exiting

the EU here in Downing Street.

0:26:530:26:56

Between them, they have about 1,500

staff devoted exclusively to Brexit.

0:26:560:27:00

The numbers are most striking,

though, here at Defra.

0:27:000:27:06

The Institute for Government says

its headcount will have increased

0:27:060:27:08

by 65% since the referendum.

0:27:080:27:09

By the end of this month,

it's due to have taken on an extra

0:27:090:27:13

1,200 people dealing exclusively

with Brexit, including replacing

0:27:130:27:15

the EU's Common Agriculture

and Fisheries policies.

0:27:150:27:18

Elsewhere, the Home Office

is planning to have hired an extra

0:27:180:27:23

1,500 Brexit staff by September

0:27:230:27:26

and Her Majesty's Revenue

and Customs between 3,000 and 5,000

0:27:260:27:29

extra staff by this time next year.

0:27:290:27:32

So, more people, and the Government

has said it is committed to ensuring

0:27:320:27:40

that the right skills and resources

are available to deliver

0:27:410:27:43

a successful Brexit.

0:27:430:27:44

So how much is it all going to cost?

0:27:440:27:50

Well, the Institute for Government

thinks getting the civil service

0:27:500:27:52

ready for Brexit could cost as much

as £2 billion by the time we're due

0:27:520:27:56

to leave the EU next year.

0:27:560:27:57

And that's on top of

the divorce bill with the EU,

0:27:570:28:00

which the Government says will be

39 billion and could be even higher.

0:28:000:28:03

Chris Morris, BBC News.

0:28:030:28:11

Next month a tax on sugary drinks

will be introduced for the first

0:28:110:28:14

time in the UK in a bid

to tackle obesity.

0:28:140:28:16

You'll be paying between 18

and 24 pence extra per

0:28:160:28:19

litre for many drinks -

depending on how much extra

0:28:190:28:21

sugar has been added.

0:28:210:28:22

Our health editor Hugh Pym has been

to Norway where a sugar tax has

0:28:220:28:26

been in place for years.

0:28:260:28:27

There are sweets and lots of them

in this shop favoured by some

0:28:270:28:30

Norwegians, but it is not

in their own country, it is just

0:28:300:28:33

over the border in Sweden.

0:28:330:28:34

The store owner is offering

all of this at half the prices

0:28:340:28:37

Norwegians pay at home.

0:28:370:28:38

In January, the sugar tax levied

in Norway went up more than 80%.

0:28:380:28:41

Some have driven long

distances to cross the border

0:28:410:28:43

for their shopping.

0:28:430:28:49

I'm coming every once a month to buy

food, so it's worth it.

0:28:490:28:55

It's not only because of the price,

but we like to have a treat

0:28:550:28:58

and we buy a lot when we come here.

0:28:580:29:00

The company says trade has picked up

since the Norwegian tax rise,

0:29:000:29:03

equivalent to about 10p

on a chocolate bar.

0:29:030:29:07

It's hard to imagine

anything else quite like it.

0:29:070:29:11

The Swedish owner says this

is one of the biggest

0:29:110:29:12

sweet shops in the world.

0:29:120:29:14

It has 20 of them, all a short

distance from the border.

0:29:140:29:16

95% of customers come

over from Norway.

0:29:160:29:21

Norwegians are used to the sugar tax

which was introduced some time ago.

0:29:210:29:26

Locals here in Oslo

are philosophical about it,

0:29:260:29:28

even after the tax increase.

0:29:280:29:33

People are not happy

with the tax increasing,

0:29:330:29:37

but I think it's good.

0:29:370:29:39

There are a lot of other taxes

that I would react on,

0:29:390:29:42

but this one is OK for me.

0:29:420:29:45

The government says the tax has

helped control child obesity rates,

0:29:450:29:47

which are below Sweden's.

0:29:470:29:48

We managed now to stabilise

the obesity of the children

0:29:480:29:53

and young people and I am

happy about that.

0:29:530:30:00

It means that what we have

done until now has been

0:30:000:30:03

functioning in the right way.

0:30:030:30:04

The UK is now going down

the same track with a tax

0:30:040:30:07

on sugary soft drinks.

0:30:070:30:08

The aim is to move shoppers

towards lower sugar options.

0:30:080:30:14

Groups like this have

already done that.

0:30:140:30:17

This cookery class with healthy

recipes for parents and children

0:30:170:30:25

is run by a charity,

made in Hackney, puddings

0:30:270:30:34

and juices with fruit,

but no added sugar on the menu.

0:30:340:30:42

Occasionally, you would

have a fizzy drink,

0:30:440:30:46

but I want to stop, so I am

here learning about this.

0:30:460:30:49

The Norwegian example

shows people can learn

0:30:490:30:50

to live with the sugar tax,

even though when it comes

0:30:500:30:53

to their behaviour, the message is,

expect the unexpected.

0:30:530:30:55

Hugh Pym, BBC News, Oslo.

0:30:550:30:56

One of the great names of fashion,

0:30:560:30:58

the French designer Hubert

de Givenchy, has died

0:30:580:31:00

at the age of 91.

0:31:000:31:01

After founding his own fashion house

in 1952, Givenchy became famous

0:31:010:31:04

for dressing stars like Grace Kelly

and Jackie Kennedy.

0:31:040:31:06

Most notably, he designed

the "little black dress"

0:31:060:31:08

Audrey Hepburn wore

in Breakfast At Tiffany's,

0:31:080:31:10

as part of a professional

0:31:100:31:11

and personal relationship

that lasted 40 years.

0:31:110:31:12

In a moment, we'll have the news

from where you are.

0:31:120:31:15

But first, we'll have some images

from Givenchy's life -

0:31:150:31:17

set to one of the iconic

0:31:170:31:19

tracks from Breakfast

At Tiffany's - Moon River.

0:31:190:31:21

# Moon river

0:31:210:31:22

# Wider than a mile

0:31:220:31:25

# I'm crossin' you in style someday

0:31:250:31:33

# Old dream maker

0:31:350:31:41

# You heartbreaker

0:31:410:31:46

# Moon river

0:31:460:31:52

# And me #.

0:31:520:32:00