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Tonight at Ten:
A big step on the road to Brexit,
as broad agreement is reached
on the UK's transition period.
Relief after a weekend
of intensive talks
as Britain sees opportunities ahead,
but the EU warns of major
issues yet to be resolved.
The deal we struck today,
on top of that agreed in December,
should give us confidence that
a good deal for the United Kingdom
and the European Union
is closer than ever before.
A decisive step
remains a decisive step.
But we're not at
the end of the road.
No one in Westminster Bridge tends
this is the end, but in government
tonight, sighs of relief that the
Brexit talks have cleared this
We'll have more reaction.
We'll consider the unresolved
question of the Irish
border and the dismay
in Britain's fishing industry.
Investigators widen their search
in the spy poisoning case,
as international chemical weapons
experts arrive in the UK.
The minicab service, Uber,
suspends all tests of self-driving
cars after a woman in Arizona
is killed in a collision.
Doctors take a major step
towards curing macular degeneration,
the most common form
of blindness in the UK.
And, following a suspected
the ITV presenter, Ant McPartlin,
goes back into treatment and steps
down from his television work.
Coming up on sports day on BBC News,
Britain's Winter Paralympian 's have
returned home having reached their
pregames target of seven medals.
Britain and the European Union
have reached broad agreement
on a transition period after Brexit.
But there are still important
issues to be resolved.
In today's documents,
highlighted in green
is what's been agreed.
what's close to agreement.
And in white, the parts
still being negotiated.
Agreed so far is that
EU citizens arriving in the UK
before December 2020
will have the same rights
as those here now,
as will British citizens living
in the EU.
And the UK will be able
to negotiate new trade deals
during that transition period.
But not agreed is the key
issue of the border
between Northern Ireland
and the Republic,
as our Europe editor
Katya Adler reports.
In the quest to resolve
relations after Brexit,
today was a big moment
between the EU and UK.
A historic handshake to seal a deal,
not a final Brexit deal,
but the long-awaited agreement
on transition to ease
the UK from leaving the EU
to life on the outside.
The EU and UK's chief Brexit
negotiators were visibly relieved.
They'd been under big pressure
from business on both
sides of the Channel.
Businesses need not delay
investment decisions or rushed
through contingency plans based
on guesses about the future deal.
Instead, they now have certainty
about the terms that will apply
immediately after our withdrawal.
Certainty? Not quite.
An oft repeated phrase
in these Brexit negotiations is...
Nothing is agreed
until everything is agreed.
The transition deal is part
and parcel of the UK's complex wider
withdrawal agreement from the EU
as these slides show.
Areas highlighted in green
indicate where hard-fought
agreement has been reached.
But some of the most controversial
issues remain unresolved.
So, when it comes to the transition
deal, what exactly has been agreed?
It will be time limited,
lasting 21 months after Brexit day.
During that time, the UK will
continue to pay into the EU budget,
and will keep full access
to the European single
market and Customs union.
The UK will have to follow all EU
regulations, and though
it may voice concerns,
it will no longer be
at the decision-making table.
The UK will be allowed
to sign new trade deals,
but can't implement them
until the transition period is over.
What has not yet been
agreed is what happens
in Ireland after Brexit,
how to avoid a hard border
between Northern Ireland
and the Irish Republic.
This issue could bring
the whole Brexit deal,
including transition, tumbling down.
The UK hopes an ambitious EU and UK
trade deal will solve the problem.
But just in case, Ireland
and the rest of the EU insist
on a backstop agreement
where Northern Ireland stays
in the customs union
and parts of the single market.
Ireland's Deputy Prime Minister was
in Brussels today to press his case.
What Ireland has always asked
for was that we would essentially
have an insurance mechanism,
so that I and others can say
to people in Northern Ireland
and in Ireland, look,
we are not to have any border
infrastructure on this island again.
So, a lot done, but more to do
for the EU's Brexit chief.
Good news today?
As you see, spring has sprung
with the floor spreading even
to these often frosty
Progress on transition
today was hailed in there
as a big step forward,
but it's not all good
news for the government.
It's clear now, there won't be
a final trade deal between the EU
and UK at the end of
these Brexit talks.
The transition will be used
to hammer out more details.
And to get this far,
the UK has had to make some
pretty big concessions.
Far from taking back
control after Brexit
as promised by the Gottman,
EU quotas will continue
during the transition period,
allowing EU countries to fish
in UK waters.
-- by the government.
But it's not all over yet.
EU leaders still need to sign off
on the transition deal.
They're expected to do that
at a summit here later this week.
Katya Adler BBC News, Brussels.
The Brexit secretary, David Davis,
said agreement on the transitional
arrangements would mean that British
business could now invest
with confidence and that the UK
would be free to negotiate
new trade deals.
Business groups have given
the agreement a broad welcome
but many have called for further
details on what the UK's
relationship with the EU will look
like, once the transitional period
ends, as our business editor
Simon Jack explains.
For businesses both big and small,
today's news was just
what the doctor ordered.
Although not a cure-all for business
anxiety as we head out
of the European Union,
it was welcomed today by the boss
of Glaxo Smith Kline
as a dose of common sense.
We certainly welcome this pragmatic
approach to transition.
It's absolutely critical to secure
the supply of medicines and vaccines
for the people here
and in Europe who need them.
But we're also looking
forward to more precision
on the details of the end state
of the relationship.
And in that end state,
if you like, what's the most
important thing for GSK?
That we get the security
of supply to the people that
need our medicines and our vaccines
is absolutely critical,
and the right kind of alignment
with the regulators.
Harmonising rules on drugs
between the UK and the EU
is critical to a company that
employs 16,000 people in the UK.
GSK is already spending £50 million
per year on its Brexit planning.
For business, this is a really
important, really welcome moment
in the whole Brexit process.
A little bit of breathing room to
prepare for life outside of the EU.
But as big businesses like banks
and pharmaceutical companies
are spending hundreds
of millions of pounds
on their contingency plans -
what could, what should,
and what are smaller businesses
doing to prepare?
Meet the boss of this
brewery in Suffolk.
And Charlie Adam,
who runs skateboard
company Shiner in Bristol.
For Charlie, exports
to the EU account for over
50% of his business.
Once outside the EU,
he fears customs paperwork
could cost him £25,000 per week.
He is glad of the extra
preparation time, but is still
worried about the future.
The transitional deal really helps
with us extending the time to be
able to set everything
up for Brexit.
The reality is, we still have
to deal with Brexit, and we don't
know what the final solution
is going to be, partly
because we don't know
what all of the problems are.
He also employs workers from the EU.
Any more that he hires
before the end of 2020
will definitely be allowed to stay.
Meanwhile, at the brewery,
Steve thinks transition is useful,
and gives him time to plan
for business beyond the EU.
I think it's a helpful
thing for us to have,
because it buys us a bit
of stability for a period of time
to work out what we need to do.
It also gives us the opportunity
to explore markets further
which are outside of the EU.
I think the whole business
is optimistic, because actually
we've got good products,
we've got some interesting
products, and actually
the world's there to be taken.
There are major
sticking points ahead.
Big questions remain unanswered.
But as the gruelling process
of Brexit rumbles on,
now the key milestone has been met.
And, for now, businesses
will drink to that.
Simon Jack, BBC News.
Let's speak to our political
editor Laura Kuenssberg,
who's at Westminster.
What's the level of compromise?
There certainly have been
compromises, whether you find it an
unacceptable climb-down, whether you
find them sensible concessions, or
inevitable compromises, it probably
depends on what you felt about
Brexit when you went to the polls
back in 2016. But there certainly
has been a lot of budging, a little
bit on the Brussels side.
Significant amounts in Westminster
over the recent months, but two
things are true. First off, looking
at what has been agreed today, the
fact that people who wanted to leave
the EU will have to wait two years
after Brexit day for there to be any
significant changes to immigration,
for the fact that some Tory MPs
furious tonight about what they see
as a compromise too far when it
comes to fishing rights. It is the
case that today feels different to
what was promised back in the days
of the referendum. But what is also
true is for the government these
compromises are worth it. In order
to get this deal moved onto next
phase, they work desperately keen in
recent months to get the transition
signed off, and they were clear,
having listened to businesses around
the country, they didn't want Brexit
next year to come as a sudden shock
to the system. Certainly, there have
been compromises, and certainly,
there will be probably many more on
the roads to this. But tonight, the
government believes they have
achieved a decisive step.
An international team
of chemical weapons experts has
arrived in Salisbury
to examine the nerve
agent used to poison
the former Russian spy,
Sergei Skripal, and
his daughter, Yulia.
The BBC understands
British investigators have
broadened their search to include
a car that Yulia Skripal
is believed to have travelled
in as our diplomatic correspondent
James Landale reports.
The focus today shifted
to the village of Durrington,
ten miles north of Salisbury,
where investigators removed a car
that was used to pick up
Yulia Skripal from the airport
the day before she and her father
Sergei were attacked
with a nerve agent.
Nearby, at the military research
complex at Porton Down,
inspectors from the global chemical
weapons watchdog, the OPCW,
were due to start analysing
the nerve agent that British experts
believe came from Russia.
In Brussels, the Foreign Secretary
and to brief EU counterparts,
saying Russian denials
were increasingly absurd.
This is a classic Russian strategy
of trying to conceal the needle
of truth in a haystack
of lies and obfuscation.
There is scarcely a country
round the table here in Brussels
that has not been affected in recent
years by some kind of malign
or disruptive Russian behaviour.
EU foreign ministers
issued a statement expressing
their unqualified solidarity
with the UK, and taking
its assessment that Russia
was to blame extremely seriously.
The EU and Nato speaking as one.
What is absolutely clear is our full
solidarity with the United Kingdom,
and our extreme concern
about what has happened.
It is really unacceptable.
All 29 Nato allies stand united.
We stand in solidarity
with the United Kingdom.
And the UK is not alone.
But in Moscow, as President Putin
began his fourth term,
the defiance continued.
His Foreign Ministry
dismissing the EU statement
as an anti-Russian reflex.
As for Russia's diplomats in London,
well, some of these officials
and their families will be heading
home tomorrow, 23 in all.
With a similar number of British
diplomats leaving Moscow shortly.
Tomorrow, the National Security
Council will meet to decide
Britain's next step.
There is a live debate
within government, should
they retaliate and escalate,
or simply do nothing?
Should they kick yet more Russian
diplomats out of the Embassy here,
or should they find new ways
of penalising Russia?
The risk for Britain is that
a bilateral confrontation
with Russia might overshadow
attempts to maintain
Back in Salisbury, the police
tonight revealed the full scale
of the investigation,
with 250 counterterrorism officers
examining 4,000 hours of CCTV, 800
exhibits and 400 witness statements.
Detectives said this
could last many months.
James Landale, BBC News.
One of the biggest inquiries
into the alleged abuse of teenage
recruits in the British
Army has collapsed
after a judge stopped the first
of three court martials.
It had been alleged
that 16 instructors,
all sergeants or corporals,
mistreated 28 school leavers
at the Army Foundation College
in Harrogate in North Yorkshire.
But the judge said a 3-year
investigation by the Royal Military
Police had been seriously flawed.
Uber, the minicab service,
has suspended all tests
of self-driving cars,
after a woman in Arizona
was killed in a collision.
At the time of the accident,
the vehicle was running
in autonomous mode,
with an 'operator' at the wheel.
Uber described what happened
as 'incredibly sad',
and said it was 'fully co-operating'
with local authorities.
Our technology correspondent
Dave Lee reports from San Francisco.
It was late Sunday night when,
according to police,
Elaine Herzberg was struck
by Uber's self-driving car.
The 49-year-old was crossing
the road, but not using
the pedestrian zone.
There was a driver behind the wheel,
but Uber said the vehicle
was in full autonomous mode,
meaning it was handling
all aspects of the driving.
Miss Herzberg was taken to hospital,
but died from her injuries.
Taking to Twitter,
Uber's Chief Executive,
Dara Khosrowshahi, said the news
from Arizona was "incredibly sad".
As part of its licensing agreement,
Uber must keep detailed logs in case
of an incident like this.
Although Miss Herzberg is the first
pedestrian to be killed
by an autonomous vehicle,
her death comes one year
after Uber temporarily
took its self-driving cars off
the road following an accident
that left a Volvo SUV
on its side in Arizona.
The programme was later reinstated.
There are so many motor vehicle
deaths in the United States,
and generally every year.
And the ultimate goal
of self-driving cars
is to eliminate those entirely.
But these are complex systems that
are just sort of starting
to navigate the roads.
Arizona has positioned
itself as a testing ground
for this new technology.
But incidents like this will no
doubt concerned those who do not
believe these systems are yet safe
enough to be on our roads.
Experts in this technology will tell
you that the bigger picture is that
this technology is making our roads
safer and has the potential to
greatly reduce the number of
accidents, but that will be little
comfort to the family of a woman who
was essentially killed by a computer
that perhaps was not working in the
way it was designed.
Thank you. Our
technology correspondent there in
Doctors have restored the sight
of two patients with the most common
form of blindness in the UK.
More than 600,000 people in the UK
suffer from age-related macular
degeneration and doctors hope
the treatment could be widely
available within a few years.
The team at Moorfields Eye Hospital
in London used surgery to insert
stem cells at the back of the eye.
Our medical correspondent
Fergus Walsh has the story.
I will occlude now the left-eyed...
Before his pioneering
stem cell treatment,
Douglas Waters was completely blind
in his right eye.
Now he can see.
"Everyone wanted to go outside
when the rain finally stopped."
So this is an amazing
improvement, Mr Waters.
I just couldn't believe it.
Each morning, I picked things out
in the bedroom to look at
out in the garden.
I'd do this...
I'm completely chuffed,
I suppose you could say!
And so is his surgeon.
Two patients with age-related
macular degeneration had the sight
at Moorfields Eye
Hospital in London.
We're able to show that we've taken
someone who could not read at all,
they couldn't, in fact,
see the book they were reading from,
and taken them to reading around 60
to 80 words per minute
with their normal reading glasses.
For us, this is
a fantastic breakthrough.
And it could help other
patients with age-related
who can lose all
their central vision.
So what causes AMD?
So if we open the eye,
the macula is at the back.
It's the part of the retina
responsible for central vision.
If we pull out a section,
here are the light-sensitive cells,
the rods and cones.
AMD is triggered when a crucial
layer of support cells,
seen here in green, die.
As a result, patients gradually lose
the validity to read
or to recognise faces.
Scientists use stem cells
from a human embryo and turn them
into the support cells needed.
They were put onto a tiny patch
like this, which was placed
at the back of Douglas's eye.
You can see it here.
The stem cells were
paired his vision.
The stem cells repaired his vision.
Regenerative medicine's goal
was to restore a person's help.
I think this is one of the first
indications from generative medicine
that that can be achieved.
It can stop people from going blind.
Douglas, who is 86, says the stem
cell therapy has given him
Moorfields says it should be no more
expensive than other AMD treatments,
and potentially could help
save the sight of
thousands of patients.
Fergus Walsh, BBC News.
The UK's Information Commissioner
Elizabeth Denham says
she will seek a warrant to look
at the databases and servers used
by the data mining company
A former employee at the firm claims
they were handed the personal
data of 50 million Facebook users
which was then used to influence
the 2016 US Presidential election.
Facebook's shares finished nearly
seven percent down after a turbulent
day on the New York stock exchange.
Both Cambridge Analytica
and Facebook deny any wrongdoing.
The ITV presenter, Ant McPartlin,
says he will seek further treatment
after he was arrested on suspicion
of drink driving.
He was detained yesterday afternoon
following a collision involving
three cars in south west London.
ITV says his Saturday night
programme with partner
Declan Donnelly will not be
broadcast this weekend,
as our entertainment correspondent
Lizo Mzimba reports.
Moments after the Mini
he was driving was involved
in a collision with two
other cars, Ant McPartlin
at the scene of the crash.
When police arrived,
he was taken away under arrest
after failing a breath test.
A number of people were treated
for minor injuries, and a child
passenger in one car taken
to hospital for a
I think it's time
for me to say hello...
The evening before, Ant McPartlin
had been presenting ITV's
Saturday Night Takeaway.
He returned to television last year
after going into rehab to treat an
addiction to alcohol and
the broadcaster said:
"ITV have taken a joint
session with Ant
and Dec's team not to broadcast
Saturday Night Takeaway
We will be reviewing options for the
last two episodes of the series
which would not feature Ant who is
taking time off to seek treatment.
Over more than 20 years.
Ant, together with Dec,
has become one of
TV's most successful presenters.
The pair have won dozens
of awards and earned
millions, thanks to their
popularity with viewers.
ITV said they hoped the presenter
would get the help he needs.
The police say enquiries
into the collision are continuing.
It is not just about a pretty big
hole in ITV's Saturday night
schedule, from Britain's got talent
through to I'm a celebrity, so much
of ITV's prime time entertainment is
built on the popularity of the
double act. Over the coming days and
weeks at ITV, they will be assessing
exactly what the long-term
probabilities will be for Ant's
long-term future. Thank you for the
President Trump has
outlined plans to combat
America's opioid epidemic,
including introducing the death
penalty for drug dealers
in certain circumstances.
such as morphine and codeine,
has created a nationwide
addiction crisis with
patients turning to heroin
and other street drugs
when their prescriptions stop.
Our North America editor
Jon Sopel reports.
During the election campaign,
Donald Trump called New Hampshire
a drug-infested den.
Today, he has gone back
to the Granite State
to show his rock solid determination
to deal with America's appalling
opioid crisis and by using the most
Draconian measures possible.
If we do not get tough on the drug
dealers, we're wasting our time.
Remember that, we are wasting our
time. That toughness includes the
But it is not just about
the criminal justice system.
He wants opioid prescriptions cut
by a third and the drugs companies
held more accountable.
This crisis is hitting every
community, rich and poor, black and
white, young and old, urban and
rural. The biggest cause of death is
drug overdose amongst the under 50s
in America. And two thirds of those
deaths are caused by opioid abuse.
That is $110 right there.
America for decades has had
a war on drugs and, yes,
it has resulted in hundreds
of thousands of mainly black
and Latinos men being incarcerated,
but it has had zero success
in reducing dependency
or use of illegal drugs
or prescription drugs.
Thank you, please be seated.
This court in Buffalo,
New York State, looks unremarkable,
but has become the first in America
to deal with only one type
of case, opioid addiction.
I will release you today and I need
you to report here tomorrow...
The judge, himself once an addict,
is determined to rethink the way
America handles opioid abuse.
I think we made a tremendous mistake
in the 1960s and 70s and 80s and 90s
of locking people up and we are not
going to make that same mistake now,
because we have the research and
data to show that you cannot lock up
Carly Mayor had to be
resuscitated three times
in one week at the height
of her addiction to opioids.
When someone cares about you, what
your problems are, how we can help
you, it remind you that deep inside
there is a person, that needs and
Much has been made of how polarised
politics has become in the US.
On this, though, there is broad
agreement that simply locking
people up is not enough,
but finding the correct
to deal with the abuse
of prescription drugs
is proving elusive.
Jon Sopel, BBC News, Washington.
It's three years since the start
of the war in Yemen.
Houthi rebels, supported by Iran
remain in control of large
parts of the country,
including the capital Sana'a.
Opposing them are forces loyal
to the former president,
who are being backed
by an Arab Coalition,
led by the Saudis supported
by western powers including the UK.
The BBC's chief international
correspondent Lyse Doucet has been
to Yemen to meet some
of the children affected
by the conflict.
Her report starts in the government
controlled town of Marib.
We travelled into Yemen
with the Saudis.
They wanted us to see the suffering
being inflicted by their enemy.
They took us to meet these boys,
robbed of their childhood,
forced to fight alongside grown men.
Children in Yemen are
recruited by all sides,
but especially the Houthis.
Pasha was 13 when his best friend
was shot dead in front of him.
So many children so young have been
dragged into this destructive war.
But even in war, there are rules.
And in Yemen, they're being broken
time and again by all sides.
These children live in Sana,
the capital controlled by Houthis.
Their families sought refuge
here after their home
was bombed by the Saudis.
Coalition air strikes have
reportedly caused the greatest
number of child casualties.
wants them to stop.
There was no place to
hide for Yaya's family.
Five children killed,
only 17-year-old Yaya
and a brother left.
Back in government-held Marib,
these men will always live
with the cost of this conflict.
So often, it's the youngest
to lose the most.
These little boys are being fitted
with prosthetics at this
Saudi funded clinic.
11-year-old Abdullah mistook
a landmine for a toy.
Nine-year-old Ali Youssef
wants to be a goalkeeper
when he grows up, believing this
point hold him back.
when he grows up, believing this
won't hold him back.
Yemen's conflict has
had a crippling effect
on all its people.
The youngest growing up
knowing nothing but war.
Lyse Doucet, BBC News, Yemen.
team arrived home today
after their most successful winter
Menna Fitzpatrick and her guide
Jen Kehoe became Britain's most
decorated winter Paralympians
with 1 gold, 2 silver
and a bronze in South Korea.
Our sports correspondent
Andy Swiss reports.
CHEERING AND APPLAUSE.
They left as hopefuls, they have
returned as history makers.
Jen Kehoe, Menna Fitzpatrick,
plus extra luggage.
Four medals including the best
they saved until last.
Fitzpatrick, who has
less than 5% vision,
following her guide to gold
in the slalom, now Britain's
most decorated winter
Paralympians, they told me
it is barely sinking in.
It means everything to me.
I have always had a dream
since I was little,
to come away with a medal
in the Paralympic games.
And 2018 was always that goal,
ever since I first started.
So, I am immensely
proud to have done it.
Hopefully it will inspire others
to go out there and do the same
and get out and try something,
you never know where
it is going to lead.
This is a simulation
of what Fitzpatrick sees
when she is skiing.
Following her guide's bright orange
bib at up to 70 miles an hour.
For her parents, who first
took her skiing when she was five,
how things have changed.
She used to follow me
down the slope, wearing
a bright orange coat.
She described it as following
an orange blob down the slope.
She used to shout at me to wait
for her and now I am having to shout
to her to wait for me.
We are as proud as punch, aren't we,
we are proud as punch.
We haven't stopped smiling all week!
And the pair are already
targeting the next games.
For now, though, they say they will
celebrate with a cup of tea.
Andy Swiss, BBC News, Heathrow.
Newsnight's about to begin over
on BBC Two in a few moments.