20/03/2018 BBC News at Ten


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20/03/2018

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Tonight at Ten.

0:00:000:00:01

Facebook under growing pressure

to explain how it handles the data

0:00:010:00:04

of its two billion users.

0:00:040:00:08

Facebook's founder, Mark Zuckerberg,

is called to answer questions,

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following claims that personal

information about millions of users

0:00:100:00:13

was gathered from the site

without their permission.

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A British firm, Cambridge Analytica,

is accused of using the data

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for political purposes in the US

presidential election

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as regulators express concern

about the way data is handled.

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Of course individuals should

be careful and think

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twice about who they're

sharing their information

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with but on the other hand it's

really up to the companies to get

0:00:330:00:36

this right and comply with the law.

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And tonight, the head

of Cambridge Analytica

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has been suspended.

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His firm and Facebook both

deny any wrongdoing.

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We'll have the latest.

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Also tonight...

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A Red Arrows jet has

crashed in North Wales.

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An engineer died, but

the pilot survived.

0:00:520:00:57

Heading for Moscow, the 23 Russian

diplomats expelled from the UK,

0:00:570:01:00

following the chemical

attack in Salisbury.

0:01:000:01:05

A BBC investigation reveals

young Rohingya girls,

0:01:050:01:07

who fled the violence in Myanmar,

are being trafficked

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into prostitution in Bangledesh.

0:01:090:01:14

With the arrival of so many refugees

in the nearby camps,

0:01:140:01:17

there are even more vulnerable young

people for the traffickers

0:01:170:01:19

to prey upon.

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And, a report from Kenya

on the northern white rhino -

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a species now on the brink

of extinction.

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And coming up on Sportsday

on BBC News:

0:01:340:01:36

Ashley Young backs his

Manchester United manager

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after a tumultuous few days on the

sidelines and in front of

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the cameras for Jose Mourinho.

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Good evening.

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The social media giant, Facebook,

is under growing pressure to explain

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the measures it's taking to secure

the personal data of its two

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billion users worldwide.

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It's facing investigations by the US

Federal Trade Commission,

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the UK's Information Commissioner,

the European Parliament and a House

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of Commons committee.

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It follows allegations that

information on millions

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of Facebook's users was gathered

from the site and used for political

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purposes by the British firm

Cambridge Analytica.

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That firm's Chief Executive,

Alexander Nix, was suspended

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earlier this evening.

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Our business editor

Simon Jack reports.

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In the information age,

personal data is the new currency

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and we spend it liberally

on social media platforms.

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How old we are, whether we

are in a relationship,

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what are our political leanings,

this can all be gathered and used.

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Cambridge Analytica is a company

which does exactly that

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and it is at the centre

of a political storm that has

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rocked one of the biggest

companies in the world.

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It started with an app designed

by a British academic that invited

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Facebook users to do

a personality test.

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270,000 people downloaded the app,

it collected personal

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information on them,

their friends, their friends'

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friends and so on until it had

information on 50 million

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Facebook users.

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That data was passed

to Cambridge Analytica,

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who allegedly used it to influence

the presidential election in the US,

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using highly targeted messages,

a charge denied by the company.

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The UK's data watchdog

said she had concerns

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about the company for some time.

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These allegations are very serious,

they came to the attention

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of our office some months ago.

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And on the 7th of March,

I issued a demand for

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information from Cambridge.

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They did not comply with that,

so now I am moving ahead to seek

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a warrant so that I can search

premises and data.

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The company worked on Donald Trump's

election campaign and secret filming

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by Channel 4 News shows

Cambridge Analytica's boss

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boasting about the role

they played in his victory.

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The company denies any wrongdoing.

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The company says Mr Nix's comments

did not represent the values

0:04:310:04:34

of the firm and it has now

suspended him pending

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their own investigation.

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Whether this tiny consultancy

was really involved in influencing

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the US presidential election,

there is an old adage,

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in digital marketing which says

if the service you are getting

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is free, then you are the product.

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Served up to advertisers

who are convinced that highly

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targeted messages constructed around

detailed personal

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information really works.

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Facebook is also right

under the microscope.

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It too denies any wrongdoing.

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The US Federal Trade Commission

has launched a probe

0:05:030:05:06

into the company and has the power

to levy colossal fines.

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The company has seen

$50 billion wiped off its value

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in just the last two days.

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So, could this scandal mark a moment

of reckoning for the way we share

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and companies use our personal data?

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I think for the first time,

things that people suspected

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have surfaced thanks

to the testimony of whistle-blowers.

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Now we are finally seeing

that the leaders of these companies

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are being called to testify

in front of Parliaments.

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They are being held to account

in the media, analysts

0:05:280:05:31

in the financial industry

are dumping their stock

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as a vote of no-confidence.

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This is a real moment where

it is going to incentivise change.

0:05:360:05:39

The facts of our lives are valuable.

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Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg has

built a fortune out of them.

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Politicians on both sides

of the Atlantic want him personally

0:05:440:05:46

to explain how they are used.

0:05:460:05:52

In a moment we'll talk

to North America Editor Jon Sopel

0:05:520:05:55

in Washington, our media editor

Amol Rajan in San Francisco

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but first to Simon Jack outside

Cambridge Analytica's headquarters.

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Simon, tell us more about the

reaction now during the course of

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the day.

These rather modest

offices, the second floor here have

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become the rather unlike the eye of

a storm that has engulfed Facebook

0:06:180:06:23

and drone in the politicians on both

sides of the Atlantic. When the

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story broke, Cambridge Analytica

said they had done nothing wrong,

0:06:270:06:30

that the footage and reporting

grossly misrepresented the position

0:06:300:06:34

of the company, the executives were

talking in hypotheticals. They had

0:06:340:06:39

changed their tune and they are

saying that the

0:06:390:06:46

comments of the firm and he was

suspended pending their own

0:06:560:06:58

investigation. We heard politicians

about today, Damian Collins, said he

0:06:580:07:00

wanted to extend an invitation for a

Mark Zuckerberg to appear in person

0:07:000:07:02

to explain how this information got

into the wrong hands. I should say

0:07:020:07:06

that the company does not deny it

worked on the Trump election what

0:07:060:07:09

came by this information, it denies

that it use that information in that

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campaign. On the financial markets,

a lot of people rapidly friending

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Facebook, its shares have fallen by

$50 billion. More than the entire

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value of the Ford motor company.

Real implications for what is going

0:07:260:07:31

on in.

Thank you.

0:07:310:07:33

And to Jon.

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There are concerns by regulators as

well. Yes. You're in the position

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where Cambridge Analytica are either

telling falsehoods, which is not a

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good look or it is telling the

truth, in which case, it could be in

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a whole heap of trouble with

lawmakers here. They claim to have

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been responsible for the entire

digital strategy of the Trump

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campaign, of the crooked Hillary

campaign well. Leave to one side

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whether Donald Trump will accept

that Cambridge Analytica were

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responsible for the election victory

but some of the claims they make

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about coordinating between the Trump

campaign and some of what they call,

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super packs, that are meant to be

entirely independent of the

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campaign, that would breach US

electoral la and that could cause

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problems. Then there is Mark

Zuckerberg, if he has been called to

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come and give evidence, he has a

bunker on his estate, I don't think

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that will protect them from the rout

of lawmakers on Capitol Hill.

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And to Amol Rajan...

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What is the pressure on the company?

Facebook is facing its biggest

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crisis since the company was founded

in 2004. Tens of billions wiped from

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its stock market value, you have the

resignation of a senior figure in

0:08:580:09:01

the company and the mood here is one

of banks and anxiety and investors

0:09:010:09:06

are getting uppity and talking about

rebelling. It has got to be said

0:09:060:09:11

that the response to this crisis has

made things worse. Earlier this

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afternoon, there was a meeting and

Mark Zuckerberg was not there.

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The Chief Operating Officer was not

there. I have just spoken to a

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senior executive who said that they

were taking the time to gather the

0:09:520:09:54

facts and when the revelations first

came to light, the company said it

0:09:540:09:57

was not a data breach. It could have

been something worse, the mass

0:09:570:09:59

harvesting of the data of millions

of people without them knowing. This

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is making people wake up that for

all its innovation, Facebook is a

0:10:020:10:05

mass surveillance tool that used to

be about selling products which is

0:10:050:10:07

now selling politics as well and

that has implications for western

0:10:070:10:09

democracy and Facebook have not got

their head around it.

Thank you.

0:10:090:10:11

The Royal Air Force has announced

that a member of its Red Arrows

0:10:110:10:14

aerobatic team has died in a crash

in North Wales.

0:10:140:10:17

The engineer was killed when a Hawk

jet came down near the RAF

0:10:170:10:20

Valley base on Anglesey

earlier this afternoon.

0:10:200:10:21

The pilot, who is injured

and receiving medical

0:10:210:10:23

care, managed to eject.

0:10:230:10:24

There are no details

about the cause of the crash,

0:10:240:10:27

as our Wales correspondent

Sian Lloyd reports.

0:10:270:10:34

The remains of the Hawk vast jet,

which crashed within minutes

0:10:340:10:37

of taking off from RAF Valley.

0:10:370:10:39

Two members of the Red Arrows

display team were on board.

0:10:390:10:42

Plumes of smoke were

captured by people walking

0:10:420:10:45

on the nearby sand dunes.

0:10:450:10:49

Later, confirmation came that

a crew member had died.

0:10:490:10:53

The engineer's family have been

informed, and have asked for a 24

0:10:530:10:56

hour period of grace before further

details are released.

0:10:560:10:59

A pilot of the aircraft survived

the incident and is currently

0:10:590:11:04

receiving medical care.

0:11:040:11:07

An air ambulance arrived within 20

minutes of the tragedy taking place,

0:11:090:11:11

and fire crews were quickly

at the scene.

0:11:110:11:16

As night fell, the

investigation continued.

0:11:160:11:20

Peter Glover saw what happened

from his nearby caravan.

0:11:200:11:24

The canopy come off,

I saw a chute open, and the plane

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just hit the ground severely hit

the ground, and a massive bang,

0:11:280:11:34

and a massive bang, then

a bowl of smoke.

0:11:340:11:36

The Red Arrows aerobatics team

are famous for their displays.

0:11:360:11:40

The two crew members had been

training on Anglesey,

0:11:400:11:45

and the jet was returning

to its base at RAF Scampton

0:11:450:11:47

in Lincolnshire, when it came down.

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We're not expecting any further

details to emerge of what happened

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until well into tomorrow,

but tonight, the thoughts of those

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here and across the service

with the families of the two people

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involved in this crash.

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Sian Lloyd, News, RAF Valley.

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Twenty-three Russian diplomats

and their families have left the UK,

0:12:090:12:11

after they were expelled in the wake

of the Salisbury poisoning attack.

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They left on a plane bound

for Moscow this afternoon,

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as Theresa May chaired a meeting

of the National Security Council.

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Ministers have again accused Russia

of involvement in the attempted

0:12:210:12:23

murder of former spy Sergei Skripal

and his daughter Yulia,

0:12:230:12:26

as our diplomatic correspondent

James Landale reports.

0:12:260:12:34

This report contains flashing

images.

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It was dubbed 'expulsion day' -

the moment Russian diplomats

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and their families began the long

journey home from their embassy

0:12:460:12:49

in London, sent packing

after their government was blamed

0:12:490:12:51

by Britain for the nerve agent

attack in Salisbury.

0:12:510:12:53

Those staying behind gathered

outside to hug their colleagues,

0:12:530:12:55

wave goodbye, and yes,

shed the odd tear, as the long

0:12:550:12:58

cavalcade of coaches and cars

left for the airport.

0:12:580:13:04

In a tweet, the Russian ambassador

bade farewell to his colleagues,

0:13:040:13:07

after what he called 'the hostile

move of the UK Government'.

0:13:070:13:15

At Stansted, the ambassador stood

at the aircraft steps to shake

0:13:190:13:22

the hands of the 23 departing

diplomats accused by Britain

0:13:220:13:24

of being undeclared

intelligence officers.

0:13:240:13:25

His embassy said that

with spouses and children,

0:13:250:13:27

about 80 people were leaving

in total in what's the biggest

0:13:270:13:30

expulsion of Russian diplomats

from Britain since the Cold War.

0:13:300:13:36

This afternoon, the Russian plane

carrying its diplomatic cargo

0:13:360:13:38

finally took off from Moscow.

0:13:380:13:46

finally took off for Moscow.

0:13:460:13:47

This weekend, British diplomats will

travel in the opposite direction.

0:13:470:13:50

Today, the Foreign Secretary Boris

Johnson confirmed that the former

0:13:500:13:52

Russian intelligence officers

Sergei Skripal and his daughter

0:13:520:13:54

Yulia have been in a coma since

they were poisoned two weeks ago.

0:13:540:13:58

Morning! What's our next move

against the Russians?

0:13:580:14:01

Ministers gathered to decide

what Britain should do next.

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Russia's already announced that 23

British diplomats must leave

0:14:040:14:06

Moscow by the weekend.

0:14:060:14:12

In the end, the government decided

not to impose further

0:14:120:14:14

sanctions on Russia.

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It wants to avoid a bilateral

tit-for-tat row and instead keep up

0:14:160:14:19

the European and international

pressure on Moscow.

0:14:190:14:25

A task made harder today

by the European Commission President

0:14:250:14:28

Jean-Claude Juncker controversially

writing to President Putin

0:14:280:14:31

congratulating him

on his re-election.

0:14:310:14:32

James Langdale,

BBC News in Downing Street.

0:14:320:14:37

A two-year-old girl has died

after being pulled from a car

0:14:370:14:40

in the River Teifi in west Wales.

Kiara Moore was found

0:14:400:14:42

in the vehicle in the river

in the town of Cardigan.

0:14:420:14:45

Dyfed-Powys Police have described

her death as a 'tragic incident' --

0:14:450:14:48

and say they're not looking

for anyone else in

0:14:480:14:50

connection with the case.

0:14:500:14:53

Enter

0:14:580:14:58

There's been a bigger than expected

fall in the rate of inflation,

0:14:580:15:02

the latest figures show that prices

rose by 2.7% last month,

0:15:020:15:04

compared with 3% in January.

0:15:040:15:08

A small drop in petrol prices

and a slower rise in the cost

0:15:080:15:11

of food were some of the factors

cited, as our economics editor,

0:15:110:15:16

Kamal Ahmed, explains now.

0:15:160:15:17

Mixing in a new ingredient,

after over a year of rising

0:15:170:15:20

inflation, today better news -

the rate is falling, as food costs

0:15:200:15:23

ease and fuel costs drop.

0:15:230:15:29

Inflation can often start here,

firms that make the stuff we buy.

0:15:290:15:33

If their costs are cut, then prices

for us often go the same way.

0:15:330:15:36

There's not many costs

that are coming down,

0:15:360:15:38

but the two things we have

identified are distribution

0:15:380:15:40

costs for us.

0:15:400:15:42

We've definitely seen

those ease off, but also

0:15:420:15:44

in digital and technology.

0:15:440:15:45

For millions of people,

today's fall in inflation brings

0:15:450:15:49

into sharp focus one of the most

important issues facing the UK

0:15:490:15:53

economy - that income squeeze.

0:15:530:16:00

Prices rising faster than wages,

leaving people worse

0:16:000:16:02

off month by month.

0:16:020:16:05

Today, a glimmer of hope.

0:16:050:16:06

With inflation easing and wage

rises strengthening,

0:16:060:16:10

could that income squeeze be coming

to an end this year?

0:16:100:16:14

Before 2017, wages were rising

faster than prices, meaning that

0:16:140:16:17

people were slightly better

off each month.

0:16:170:16:22

Then last year that reversed,

inflation rose quickly

0:16:220:16:27

following the Brexit referendum,

which saw a fall in the value

0:16:270:16:30

of the pound and an increase

in the price of imports.

0:16:300:16:33

Now the pound is stronger,

the rate of inflation is falling

0:16:330:16:36

and wages are catching up.

0:16:360:16:39

Could those lines cross in 2018?

0:16:390:16:43

The impact of the fall in the pound,

of course, meant that imported

0:16:430:16:47

inflation was quite high.

0:16:470:16:47

That effect is fading.

0:16:470:16:50

Increasingly now we're

seeing inflation coming

0:16:500:16:52

from domestic sources.

0:16:520:16:54

So higher wage growth in particular

is driving up costs.

0:16:540:16:56

Inflation risk has not drained away

and wage growth will keep minds

0:16:560:16:59

focused at the Bank of England.

0:16:590:17:01

It's signalled that it will raise

interest rates in the next few

0:17:010:17:04

months to control any

future price rises.

0:17:040:17:05

Kamal Ahmed, BBC News.

0:17:050:17:13

A BBC investigation has revealed

that Rohingya girls as young as 13,

0:17:150:17:20

who fled Myanmar in the past six

months, are being trafficked

0:17:200:17:23

into prostitution in Bangledesh.

0:17:230:17:27

The undercover team filmed

traffickers openly offering

0:17:270:17:33

the girls for sex in Cox's Bazar,

the town nearest to the refugee

0:17:330:17:38

camps, where hundreds of thousands

of Rohingya Muslims now live.

0:17:380:17:40

The BBC's Mishal Husain

has the story.

0:17:400:17:42

A small city on the Bay of Bengal,

where the main business was tourism,

0:17:420:17:45

is now the hub for aid agencies

working in the nearby refugee camps.

0:17:450:17:49

But alongside the shop fronts,

the beachside bars and the hotels

0:17:490:17:52

of Cox's Bazar there's

an open secret.

0:17:520:17:56

After hearing repeated

stories about children

0:17:560:18:02

trafficked into prostitution,

we went in search of the evidence.

0:18:020:18:06

One 14-year-old Rohingya girl

we met in the camps,

0:18:060:18:10

and whose identity we've protected,

told me what happened

0:18:100:18:12

to her as she crossed

from Myanmar into Bangladesh.

0:18:120:18:16

TRANSLATION:

Women came with a van,

they asked me if I'd go with them.

0:18:160:18:21

Not long after that,

in a building in Cox's Bazar,

0:18:210:18:26

they brought two boys to me.

0:18:260:18:31

They showed me a knife and punched

me in my tummy and beat me

0:18:310:18:35

because I wasn't cooperating.

0:18:350:18:38

Then the boys raped me.

0:18:380:18:41

I wasn't willing to have sex,

but they kept going.

0:18:410:18:48

We heard other accounts

from girls of a similar age.

0:18:480:18:53

A 13-year-old told me she was lured

out of the camp by a woman

0:18:530:18:56

from within the Rohingya community

offering her work.

0:18:560:19:00

With the desperate conditions

the refugees are living in,

0:19:000:19:03

her family agreed to let her go.

0:19:030:19:06

TRANSLATION:

She came to my home.

0:19:060:19:09

We know her.

0:19:090:19:12

She said, "You're not

being fed properly, come

0:19:120:19:14

with me to Cox's Bazar,

I will give you a job."

0:19:140:19:17

When we got there, she put me

in a hotel in the morning.

0:19:170:19:21

By the afternoon, a boy

was put in my room.

0:19:210:19:26

He beat me and raped me.

0:19:260:19:31

I asked the woman,

"Why I should do this"?

0:19:310:19:34

She told me, "If you don't do

this, I will kill you."

0:19:340:19:42

After only 48-hours on the ground,

our team had identified a number

0:19:440:19:47

of people offering children for sex.

0:19:470:19:52

This was one of them, not only

boasting about his own collection

0:19:520:19:55

of women and children,

but of a network of traffickers,

0:19:550:19:59

all of whom had more than ten girls

under their control.

0:19:590:20:02

We had to be careful not to create

a demand and asked for girls

0:20:020:20:05

who were immediately available.

0:20:050:20:10

We were offered these three and told

they were all Rohingyas,

0:20:100:20:13

aged between 13 and 17.

0:20:130:20:17

We went to the police and told

them what we had found.

0:20:170:20:21

They agreed to conduct

an operation that same evening.

0:20:210:20:27

Our undercover investigator posed

as a client who wanted to have sex

0:20:270:20:31

with children and arranged

with the trafficker for the delivery

0:20:310:20:35

of two young girls to a hotel.

0:20:350:20:37

Bring the girls down here.

0:20:370:20:40

As we waited, the

trafficker sent a scout.

0:20:400:20:42

8.00pm, red hoodie.

0:20:420:20:50

He asked our investigator to go

with him, but we needed

0:20:560:20:59

the trafficker to come to us.

0:20:590:21:00

He's away with the girls.

0:21:000:21:01

He appeared to change his mind.

0:21:010:21:03

We are go, we are go.

0:21:030:21:04

But when the girls arrived,

it was a driver who was with them

0:21:040:21:07

and who collected the money.

0:21:070:21:09

How it's going?

0:21:090:21:10

14, 15, 16 and and two for you.

0:21:100:21:12

Ask him, if tonight's

good, can they get more?

0:21:120:21:14

We handed over around £140.

0:21:140:21:15

As soon as the deal was done,

the police moved in.

0:21:150:21:18

Come on, girls.

Hey, come here.

0:21:180:21:26

The girls were two of those we'd

seen in the photograph.

0:21:290:21:33

As they were taken aside

and into safety, they told

0:21:330:21:37

us they were 15 and 21

and that their families

0:21:370:21:41

depended on the money

they made from sex work.

0:21:410:21:47

What the two girls told me

here tonight reveals so much

0:21:470:21:50

about how they and others like them

get trapped in the sex

0:21:500:21:54

industry in Cox's Bazar.

0:21:540:21:56

They've never been to school

and have no idea how

0:21:560:21:58

they would support themselves

without this work.

0:21:580:22:02

And with the arrival of so many

refugees in the nearby camps,

0:22:020:22:05

there are even more vulnerable young

people for the traffickers

0:22:050:22:08

to prey upon.

0:22:080:22:13

Childcare professionals

and trafficking experts

0:22:130:22:15

helped us to arrange care

for the girls afterwards.

0:22:150:22:17

The younger one went

into the care of social services,

0:22:170:22:20

but the 21-year-old refused.

0:22:200:22:24

We handed over all the information

we had to the police.

0:22:240:22:30

But the trafficker is still

at large, part of an established

0:22:300:22:36

network that puts children into sex

work here and, as our

0:22:360:22:44

investigation found,

also sends them further afield,

0:22:440:22:46

to India and Nepal.

0:22:460:22:47

Now the presence of a large refugee

population, including many

0:22:470:22:50

unaccompanied children,

is providing easy pickings

0:22:500:22:51

for the traffickers and another

danger for the Rohingya people.

0:22:510:22:53

Mishal Husain, BBC News, Bangladesh.

0:22:530:23:01

The parents of a 6 year-old boy,

with a rare form of epilepsy,

0:23:230:23:26

say they've been told that a special

licence will be granted

0:23:260:23:29

for their son to use cannabis oil

on compassionate grounds

0:23:290:23:31

to treat his condition.

0:23:310:23:38

Alfie Dingley was

joined by his family

0:23:380:23:42

and the actor Sir Patrick Stewart

as they handed in a petition

0:23:420:23:45

at Downing Street earlier today.

0:23:450:23:46

His parents say cannabis oil,

which is illegal even

0:23:460:23:50

for medical use in the UK,

will help control his seizures.

0:23:500:23:53

The Health Secretary, Jeremy Hunt,

has suggested that plans to reform

0:23:530:23:56

the adult social care system

in England will include a cap

0:23:560:23:58

on the cost of care.

0:23:580:24:00

Mr Hunt has set out seven key

principles which he says

0:24:000:24:02

will guide the changes,

acknowledging that patients

0:24:020:24:04

with conditions such as dementia

faced a far greater financial burden

0:24:040:24:06

than those with other illnesses.

0:24:060:24:08

The Government is due to publish

its strategy later this year.

0:24:080:24:10

Our social affairs correspondent,

Alison Holt, reports.

0:24:100:24:12

OK, Charles?

Are you going to watch...

0:24:120:24:14

Charles, are you going

to watch Ginge?

0:24:140:24:15

The care system in England

is a punitive lottery

0:24:150:24:18

for people like Charles Major,

who has dementia, according

0:24:180:24:25

to today's speech by the Health

and Care Secretary.

0:24:300:24:32

Here at Woodbury Manor in north

London, he gets good care,

0:24:320:24:35

but his wife who used to look

after him at home had to fight

0:24:350:24:38

for the local authority's

support they needed.

0:24:380:24:40

They don't have funding,

enough funding, for everyone.

0:24:400:24:42

And I think you've got to really get

to the state where you're

0:24:420:24:45

at rock bottom before

they really take notice of you.

0:24:450:24:47

Here, care staff work alongside

NHS nurses to assess

0:24:470:24:50

the needs of residents.

0:24:500:24:52

The government sees more

integrated services like this

0:24:520:24:54

as a key principle for the future.

0:24:540:24:56

It also acknowledges staff

need to feel more valued.

0:24:560:25:04

Sometimes I just get frustrated,

fed up and say, you know,

0:25:110:25:13

the money is so small.

I cannot cope.

0:25:130:25:15

The pressures that come

with an ageing population mean

0:25:150:25:18

something has to change.

0:25:180:25:19

By 2026, one in five people

in the UK will be 65 and over.

0:25:190:25:22

By then, more than a million

people will have dementia.

0:25:220:25:24

But by 2020, councils in England

estimate there will be

0:25:240:25:27

a £2.3 billion shortfall

in care funding.

0:25:270:25:29

As the Secretary of State

set out his principles

0:25:290:25:33

for a better care system today,

he indicated a Green paper

0:25:330:25:41

on funding, due this summer,

will contain a cap on care costs

0:25:450:25:48

to give people more certainty.

0:25:480:25:49

They want to have a sense that,

even if they're unlucky enough

0:25:490:25:57

to get an illness like dementia,

which affects one in three over 65s,

0:26:000:26:03

it can potentially clean you

out of your life savings,

0:26:030:26:05

people want some security

and comfort that that

0:26:050:26:07

isn't going to happen.

At the moment, that is what happens.

0:26:070:26:10

Whilst the principles have

been broadly welcomed

0:26:100:26:12

to many in the care sector,

they want to know if enough money

0:26:120:26:15

will be there to fix

a system that is struggling.

0:26:150:26:17

It will only be real

if money comes with the principles.

0:26:170:26:20

He now needs to go and discuss

with colleagues in the government

0:26:200:26:23

the amount of funding needed,

both new money and the money that

0:26:230:26:26

currently may be spent in the NHS

that could be better spent

0:26:260:26:28

in social care.

0:26:280:26:29

And with the care system

already under great strain,

0:26:290:26:32

the Government knows it will be

under increasing pressure to make

0:26:320:26:34

sure that these plans for reform

really do lead to change.

0:26:340:26:37

Alison Holt, BBC News.

0:26:370:26:38

The northern white rhino

is a species on the brink

0:26:380:26:40

of extinction following the death

of a 45-year-old male in Kenya,

0:26:400:26:43

the last of his kind in the world.

0:26:430:26:49

His name was Sudan, he was put down

on Monday after his health

0:26:490:26:52

problems worsened significantly.

0:26:520:26:53

His daughter and granddaughter

are the only female

0:26:530:26:55

northern white rhinos left.

0:26:550:26:56

Our correspondent, Alistair

Leithead, reports from Kenya.

0:26:560:26:58

And then there were two -

the last remaining northern

0:26:580:27:00

white rhinos on earth,

now that the last male, Sudan,

0:27:000:27:03

has died of old age.

0:27:030:27:09

A subspecies of rhino ever

closer to extension.

0:27:090:27:15

One is Najin, 27-years-old,

Sudan's daughter.

0:27:150:27:18

The other is Fatu, his

teenage granddaughter.

0:27:180:27:21

The last of what was once a great

species that roamed central Africa.

0:27:210:27:29

This was Sudan, and for the last

few years scientists

0:27:290:27:34

and conservationists have been

trying to get him to mate.

0:27:340:27:36

They even put the 45-year-old

on Tinder as part of

0:27:360:27:39

a publicity campaign.

0:27:390:27:41

There was no other

animal quite like him.

0:27:410:27:43

It highlights first and foremost

the fact that human greed

0:27:430:27:46

and sometimes human activities that

are not controlled can drive

0:27:460:27:48

species to extinction.

0:27:480:27:52

The last wild northern

white rhinos were seen

0:27:520:27:55

here in Garamba National Park,

in the Northern Democratic

0:27:550:28:01

Republic of Congo,

but that was many years ago.

0:28:010:28:03

They became extinct

in the wild in 2008.

0:28:030:28:06

Well, Fatu and Najin are now

the last two remaining

0:28:060:28:09

northern white rhinos,

and obviously they're both females.

0:28:090:28:16

They're here under armed

guard 24-hours a day,

0:28:160:28:18

such is the continuing threat

to these animals from poachers.

0:28:180:28:22

They are now incredibly rare.

0:28:220:28:24

There are only 30,000 rhinos left

on the planet and Sudan

0:28:240:28:28

was unusual for his kind,

in that he died of old age.

0:28:280:28:33

Now it's up to the scientists

and a never before tried fertility

0:28:330:28:36

treatment in a last gasp effort

to save these animals

0:28:360:28:39

from extinction.

0:28:390:28:42

Alastair Leithead, BBC

News, in northern Kenya.

0:28:420:28:50

More than 50 years after The Beatles

were awarded MBEs at

0:28:500:28:52

Buckingham Palace their drummer,

Ringo Starr, has returned

0:28:520:28:58

today to receive a knighthood.

0:28:580:29:00

The musician, who was presented

with the honour by the Duke

0:29:000:29:02

of Cambridge, spoke of his shock

at being given the award

0:29:020:29:05

in recognition of his

services to music.

0:29:050:29:09

Next month a team of pilots,

paramedics and doctors

0:29:090:29:12

from the London Air Ambulance

will take on the toughest

0:29:120:29:14

foot race on earth.

0:29:140:29:17

It's called the Marathon des Sables,

and they'll be running 150 miles

0:29:170:29:24

across the Sahara Desert -

six marathons in six days -

0:29:240:29:27

carrying all their own kit to raise

money for the air ambulance charity.

0:29:270:29:30

And running with them will be former

patients and families

0:29:300:29:38

who owe them their

lives in many cases.

0:29:380:29:40

Sophie Raworth went to meet them.

0:29:400:29:41

There are some flashing

images in the report.

0:29:410:29:43

I remember wheels turning across me,

and then I don't remember the impact

0:29:430:29:47

as such, but I remember

being on the floor, and really

0:29:470:29:49

panicking because I tried to get up

and I couldn't move my legs.

0:29:490:29:52

She was deathly white.

0:29:520:29:53

She had lost a lot of blood,

she looked like she was dying.

0:29:530:29:56

Can you hear me?

0:29:560:29:57

Three years ago, Vicky Labrecque

was cycling to work

0:29:570:30:00

when she was knocked off her bike

by a lorry.

0:30:000:30:02

Vicky, what we're going to do now

is we're going to give

0:30:020:30:05

you an anaesthetic.

0:30:050:30:06

Her life was saved thanks

to a pioneering medical technique

0:30:060:30:08

carried out at the roadside.

0:30:080:30:10

So we really need to then crack

on and get her into the ambulance

0:30:100:30:13

and get her to the Royal London

as quick as we can.

0:30:130:30:16

I mean, if it hadn't been

for the air ambulance then

0:30:160:30:18

I wouldn't be here because they're

the only people that

0:30:180:30:21

do this procedure and,

if that hadn't happened,

0:30:210:30:23

then I would definitely be dead.

0:30:230:30:25

They managed to save her life,

but the surgeon, Tom Koenig,

0:30:250:30:27

wasn't able to save her leg.

0:30:270:30:31

Now, three years later,

he will be part a team of medics

0:30:310:30:34

and patients heading to the Sahara

to raise money for

0:30:340:30:36

the air ambulance.

0:30:360:30:38

Running alongside will be another

cyclist, who also owes her life

0:30:380:30:41

to London Air Ambulance.

0:30:410:30:42

I remember it happening.

0:30:420:30:44

I remember going under the wheel,

trying to get the wheel off,

0:30:440:30:47

trying to speak to the driver

afterwards to say sorry,

0:30:470:30:49

because I thought I was going to die

and he would have to live with that.

0:30:490:30:53

Chloe Baker, now a doctor,

was a medical student

0:30:530:30:55

when she was knocked off her bike

11 years ago.

0:30:550:30:57

The pilot who came to rescue her

remembers that day vividly.

0:30:570:31:02

This patient was self-diagnosing

herself and she, being a medic

0:31:020:31:04

of some sort, knew what she thought

she'd done, which is really

0:31:040:31:07

rare, and we've never

really heard of before.

0:31:070:31:09

For Chloe, just over 15 minutes

to get a trauma team

0:31:090:31:12

service right next to her,

I think that makes a massive

0:31:120:31:15

difference to any patient

in that situation.

0:31:150:31:20

Chloe now works alongside

the team who saved her,

0:31:200:31:23

and in three weeks' time they'll

all be swapping the London chill

0:31:230:31:27

for the Saharan sun.

0:31:270:31:33

Sophie Raworth reporting there.

0:31:330:31:39

Newsnight is coming up on BBC Two.

0:31:390:31:47